Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 165
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Cell ; 180(4): 796-812.e19, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059778

RESUMO

Optical tissue transparency permits scalable cellular and molecular investigation of complex tissues in 3D. Adult human organs are particularly challenging to render transparent because of the accumulation of dense and sturdy molecules in decades-aged tissues. To overcome these challenges, we developed SHANEL, a method based on a new tissue permeabilization approach to clear and label stiff human organs. We used SHANEL to render the intact adult human brain and kidney transparent and perform 3D histology with antibodies and dyes in centimeters-depth. Thereby, we revealed structural details of the intact human eye, human thyroid, human kidney, and transgenic pig pancreas at the cellular resolution. Furthermore, we developed a deep learning pipeline to analyze millions of cells in cleared human brain tissues within hours with standard lab computers. Overall, SHANEL is a robust and unbiased technology to chart the cellular and molecular architecture of large intact mammalian organs.

2.
EMBO Mol Med ; 12(3): e11021, 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31943786

RESUMO

Kidney fibrosis is characterized by expansion and activation of platelet-derived growth factor receptor-ß (PDGFR-ß)-positive mesenchymal cells. To study the consequences of PDGFR-ß activation, we developed a model of primary renal fibrosis using transgenic mice with PDGFR-ß activation specifically in renal mesenchymal cells, driving their pathological proliferation and phenotypic switch toward myofibroblasts. This resulted in progressive mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis, mesangial sclerosis, and interstitial fibrosis with progressive anemia due to loss of erythropoietin production by fibroblasts. Fibrosis induced secondary tubular epithelial injury at later stages, coinciding with microinflammation, and aggravated the progression of hypertensive and obstructive nephropathy. Inhibition of PDGFR activation reversed fibrosis more effectively in the tubulointerstitium compared to glomeruli. Gene expression signatures in mice with PDGFR-ß activation resembled those found in patients. In conclusion, PDGFR-ß activation alone is sufficient to induce progressive renal fibrosis and failure, mimicking key aspects of chronic kidney disease in humans. Our data provide direct proof that fibrosis per se can drive chronic organ damage and establish a model of primary fibrosis allowing specific studies targeting fibrosis progression and regression.

3.
J Clin Invest ; 130(1): 335-344, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31613795

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDProteinuria is considered an unfavorable clinical condition that accelerates renal and cardiovascular disease. However, it is not clear whether all forms of proteinuria are damaging. Mutations in CUBN cause Imerslund-Gräsbeck syndrome (IGS), which is characterized by intestinal malabsorption of vitamin B12 and in some cases proteinuria. CUBN encodes for cubilin, an intestinal and proximal tubular uptake receptor containing 27 CUB domains for ligand binding.METHODSWe used next-generation sequencing for renal disease genes to genotype cohorts of patients with suspected hereditary renal disease and chronic proteinuria. CUBN variants were analyzed using bioinformatics, structural modeling, and epidemiological methods.RESULTSWe identified 39 patients, in whom biallelic pathogenic variants in the CUBN gene were associated with chronic isolated proteinuria and early childhood onset. Since the proteinuria in these patients had a high proportion of albuminuria, glomerular diseases such as steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome or Alport syndrome were often the primary clinical diagnosis, motivating renal biopsies and the use of proteinuria-lowering treatments. However, renal function was normal in all cases. By contrast, we did not found any biallelic CUBN variants in proteinuric patients with reduced renal function or focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Unlike the more N-terminal IGS mutations, 37 of the 41 proteinuria-associated CUBN variants led to modifications or truncations after the vitamin B12-binding domain. Finally, we show that 4 C-terminal CUBN variants are associated with albuminuria and slightly increased GFR in meta-analyses of large population-based cohorts.CONCLUSIONCollectively, our data suggest an important role for the C-terminal half of cubilin in renal albumin reabsorption. Albuminuria due to reduced cubilin function could be an unexpectedly common benign condition in humans that may not require any proteinuria-lowering treatment or renal biopsy.FUNDINGATIP-Avenir program, Fondation Bettencourt-Schueller (Liliane Bettencourt Chair of Developmental Biology), Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR) Investissements d'avenir program (ANR-10-IAHU-01) and NEPHROFLY (ANR-14-ACHN-0013, to MS), Steno Collaborative Grant 2018 (NNF18OC0052457, to TSA and MS), Heisenberg Professorship of the German Research Foundation (KO 3598/5-1, to AK), Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) Collaborative Research Centre (SFB) KIDGEM 1140 (project 246781735, to CB), and Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMB) (01GM1515C, to CB).

4.
Biomaterials ; 230: 119643, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31812275

RESUMO

It has been shown that viral particles such as herpes simplex virus-1 and cytomegalovirus show renal clearance despite their large size (155-240 nm). Interestingly, one of the common characteristics of these viruses is their glycoprotein rich viral envelope. Since, glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) share similarities with oligosaccharide chains in the glycoproteins, we hypothesize that modification of nanoparticles (NPs) surface with naturally found GAGs could alter NP clearance characteristics by mimicking physicochemical aspects of viral glycoprotein envelope. We demonstrate that polymeric NP bearing surfaces enriched with dermatan sulfate, chondroitin sulfate, heparin sulfate, and hyaluronic acid undergo rapid renal clearance (74% of injected dose as early as 2 h) while showing reduced liver accumulation. Ultra-structural analyses suggest that the excretion of intact NPs occurs via proximal tubule secretion, but not via glomerular filtration. Finally, we demonstrate that our bioinspired NPs are able to accumulate within the epithelial tumor microenvironment despite their efficient renal clearance. Our system provides a framework to address renal toxicity associated with repeated dosing of NP and a platform to elaborate on plausible mechanism of renal clearance of virus particle.

5.
J Immunother ; 43(1): 29-31, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567702

RESUMO

Immune-checkpoint inhibitors have revolutionized the treatment of cancers in recent years. Four drugs have obtained FDA approval in a variety of cancer types. Immune-related adverse events are common and occur in up to 60% of treated patients. Common manifestations of immune-related adverse events include rash, colitis, hepatitis, and hypophysitis. Most cases are mild to moderate in grade; however, severe manifestations with lethal outcomes have been described. Acute kidney injury is reported as a rare complication. In this case report, we present a patient with metastatic melanoma undergoing combined immune-checkpoint inhibitor therapy and displaying multiple immune-related adverse events. Despite receiving systemic steroid therapy for extrarenal immune-related adverse events, the patient developed acute progressive kidney injury requiring renal replacement therapy. Findings on renal biopsy included granulomatous interstitial nephritis, vasculitis, and thrombotic microangiopathy-like lesions. This case indicates that, although severe acute kidney injury is a rare complication of immune-checkpoint inhibitors, fulminant cases do occur and can be resistant to therapeutic intervention.

6.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2067: 175-188, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701453

RESUMO

Extracellular vesicles are lipid bilayer enclosed structures secreted by all cell types. Their cargo includes proteins, lipids, RNAs, and DNA, which reflect the physiological state of their cells of origin. Recently, urinary extracellular vesicles have emerged as a valuable source of biomarkers for kidney and systemic disease.Unfortunately, all existing methods for extracellular vesicle isolation from urine are time consuming and/or expensive. Thus, they are not adaptable to large-scale studies and unsuitable for clinical use without special equipment in the laboratory. Recently, our group has devised a set of new, quick, simple, and inexpensive techniques, based on hydrostatic filtration dialysis (HFD) of urine extremely suitable for diagnostic purposes. This novel approach represents a great potential for new diagnostics and understanding disease biology in general and brings the biomarker detection to the scope of all laboratories.

7.
Autophagy ; : 1-17, 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865844

RESUMO

While constant basal levels of macroautophagy/autophagy are a prerequisite to preserve long-lived podocytes at the filtration barrier, MTOR regulates at the same time podocyte size and compensatory hypertrophy. Since MTOR is known to generally suppress autophagy, the apparently independent regulation of these two key pathways of glomerular maintenance remained puzzling. We now report that long-term genetic manipulation of MTOR activity does in fact not influence high basal levels of autophagy in podocytes either in vitro or in vivo. Instead we present data showing that autophagy in podocytes is mainly controlled by AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and ULK1 (unc-51 like kinase 1). Pharmacological inhibition of MTOR further shows that the uncoupling of MTOR activity and autophagy is time dependent. Together, our data reveal a novel and unexpected cell-specific mechanism, which permits concurrent MTOR activity as well as high basal autophagy rates in podocytes. Thus, these data indicate manipulation of the AMPK-ULK1 axis rather than inhibition of MTOR as a promising therapeutic intervention to enhance autophagy and preserve podocyte homeostasis in glomerular diseases.Abbreviations: AICAR: 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide; AMPK: AMP-activated protein kinase; ATG: autophagy related; BW: body weight; Cq: chloroquine; ER: endoplasmic reticulum; ESRD: end stage renal disease; FACS: fluorescence activated cell sorting; GFP: green fluorescent protein; i.p.: intra peritoneal; MAP1LC3/LC3: microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3; MTOR: mechanistic target of rapamycin kinase; NPHS1: nephrosis 1, nephrin; NPHS2: nephrosis 2, podocin; PLA: proximity-ligation assay; PRKAA: 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha; RPTOR/RAPTOR: regulatory associated protein of MTOR, complex 1; RFP: red fluorescent protein; TSC1: tuberous sclerosis 1; ULK1: unc-51 like kinase 1.

8.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5425, 2019 11 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31780662

RESUMO

Scribble (Scrib) is a scaffold protein with multifunctional roles in PCP, tight junction and Hippo signaling. This study shows that Scrib is expressed in stromal cells around the implantation chamber following implantation. Stromal cells transform into epithelial-like cells to form the avascular primary decidual zone (PDZ) around the implantation chamber (crypt). The PDZ creates a permeability barrier around the crypt restricting immune cells and harmful agents from maternal circulation to protect embryonic health. The mechanism underlying PDZ formation is not yet known. We found that uterine deletion of Scrib by a Pgr-Cre driver leads to defective PDZ formation and implantation chamber (crypt) formation, compromising pregnancy success. Interestingly, epithelial-specific Scrib deletion by a lactoferrin-Cre (Ltf-Cre) driver does not adversely affect PDZ formation and pregnancy success. These findings provide evidence for a previously unknown function of stromal Scrib in PDZ formation, potentially involving ZO-1 and Hippo signaling.

9.
Eur J Epidemiol ; 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705407

RESUMO

The Hamburg City Health Study (HCHS) is a large, prospective, long-term, population-based cohort study and a unique research platform and network to obtain substantial knowledge about several important risk and prognostic factors in major chronic diseases. A random sample of 45,000 participants between 45 and 74 years of age from the general population of Hamburg, Germany, are taking part in an extensive baseline assessment at one dedicated study center. Participants undergo 13 validated and 5 novel examinations primarily targeting major organ system function and structures including extensive imaging examinations. The protocol includes validate self-reports via questionnaires regarding lifestyle and environmental conditions, dietary habits, physical condition and activity, sexual dysfunction, professional life, psychosocial context and burden, quality of life, digital media use, occupational, medical and family history as well as healthcare utilization. The assessment is completed by genomic and proteomic characterization. Beyond the identification of classical risk factors for major chronic diseases and survivorship, the core intention is to gather valid prevalence and incidence, and to develop complex models predicting health outcomes based on a multitude of examination data, imaging, biomarker, psychosocial and behavioral assessments. Participants at risk for coronary artery disease, atrial fibrillation, heart failure, stroke and dementia are invited for a visit to conduct an additional MRI examination of either heart or brain. Endpoint assessment of the overall sample will be completed through repeated follow-up examinations and surveys as well as related individual routine data from involved health and pension insurances. The study is targeting the complex relationship between biologic and psychosocial risk and resilience factors, chronic disease, health care use, survivorship and health as well as favorable and bad prognosis within a unique, large-scale long-term assessment with the perspective of further examinations after 6 years in a representative European metropolitan population.

10.
JCI Insight ; 4(18)2019 09 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31534053

RESUMO

The cellular origins of glomerulosclerosis involve activation of parietal epithelial cells (PECs) and progressive podocyte depletion. While mammalian target of rapamycin-mediated (mTOR-mediated) podocyte hypertrophy is recognized as an important signaling pathway in the context of glomerular disease, the role of podocyte hypertrophy as a compensatory mechanism preventing PEC activation and glomerulosclerosis remains poorly understood. In this study, we show that glomerular mTOR and PEC activation-related genes were both upregulated and intercorrelated in biopsies from patients with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) and diabetic nephropathy, suggesting both compensatory and pathological roles. Advanced morphometric analyses in murine and human tissues identified podocyte hypertrophy as a compensatory mechanism aiming to regulate glomerular functional integrity in response to somatic growth, podocyte depletion, and even glomerulosclerosis - all of this in the absence of detectable podocyte regeneration. In mice, pharmacological inhibition of mTOR signaling during acute podocyte loss impaired hypertrophy of remaining podocytes, resulting in unexpected albuminuria, PEC activation, and glomerulosclerosis. Exacerbated and persistent podocyte hypertrophy enabled a vicious cycle of podocyte loss and PEC activation, suggesting a limit to its beneficial effects. In summary, our data highlight a critical protective role of mTOR-mediated podocyte hypertrophy following podocyte loss in order to preserve glomerular integrity, preventing PEC activation and glomerulosclerosis.

11.
Cells ; 8(10)2019 09 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31554337

RESUMO

Diabetic kidney disease is a major complication in diabetes mellitus, and the most common reason for end-stage renal disease. Patients suffering from diabetes mellitus encounter glomerular damage by basement membrane thickening, and develop albuminuria. Subsequently, albuminuria can deteriorate the tubular function and impair the renal outcome. The impact of diabetic stress conditions on the metabolome was investigated by untargeted gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analyses. The results were validated by qPCR analyses. In total, four cell lines were tested, representing the glomerulus, proximal nephron tubule, and collecting duct. Both murine and human cell lines were used. In podocytes, proximal tubular and collecting duct cells, high glucose concentrations led to global metabolic alterations in amino acid metabolism and the polyol pathway. Albumin overload led to the further activation of the latter pathway in human proximal tubular cells. In the proximal tubular cells, aldo-keto reductase was concordantly increased by glucose, and partially increased by albumin overload. Here, the combinatorial impact of two stressful agents in diabetes on the metabolome of kidney cells was investigated, revealing effects of glucose and albumin on polyol metabolism in human proximal tubular cells. This study shows the importance of including highly concentrated albumin in in vitro studies for mimicking diabetic kidney disease.

12.
Kidney Int ; 96(4): 883-889, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472902

RESUMO

Steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome is a frequent cause of chronic kidney disease almost inevitably progressing to end-stage renal disease. More than 58 monogenic causes of SRNS have been discovered and majority of known steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome causing genes are predominantly expressed in glomerular podocytes, placing them at the center of disease pathogenesis. Herein, we describe two unrelated families with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome with homozygous mutations in the KIRREL1 gene. One mutation showed high frequency in the European population (minor allele frequency 0.0011) and this patient achieved complete remission following treatment, but later progressed to chronic kidney disease. We found that mutant KIRREL1 proteins failed to localize to the podocyte cell membrane, indicating defective trafficking and impaired podocytes function. Thus, the KIRREL1 gene product has an important role in modulating the integrity of the slit diaphragm and maintaining glomerular filtration function.

13.
Haematologica ; 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399521

RESUMO

Autophagy is a genetically regulated process of adaptation to metabolic stress and was recently shown to be involved in the treatment response of chronic myeloid leukemia. However, in vivo data are limited and the molecular mechanism of autophagy regulators in the process of leukemogenesis is not completely understood. Here we show that Beclin-1 knockdown, but not Atg5 deletion in a murine chronic myeloid leukemia model leads to a reduced leukemic burden and results in a significantly prolonged median survival of targeted mice. Further analyses of murine cell lines and primary patient material indicate that active BCR-ABL directly interacts with Beclin-1 and phosphorylates its tyrosine residues 233 and 352, resulting in autophagy suppression. By using phosphorylation-deficient and phosphorylation-mimic mutants, we identify BCR-ABL induced Beclin-1 phosphorylation as a crucial mechanism for Beclin-1 complex formation: Interaction analyses exhibit diminished binding of the positive autophagy regulators UVRAG, VPS15, ATG14 and VPS34 and enhanced binding of the negative regulator Rubicon to BCR-ABL-phosphorylated Beclin-1. Taken together, our findings show interaction of BCR-ABL and Beclin-1 thereby highlighting the importance of Beclin-1-mediated autophagy in BCR-ABL+ cells.

14.
Kidney Int ; 96(4): 850-861, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420194

RESUMO

The podocyte is a key component of the glomerular filtration barrier. Podocyte dysfunction is central to the underlying pathophysiology of many common glomerular diseases, including diabetic nephropathy, glomerulonephritis and genetic forms of nephrotic syndrome. Collectively, these conditions affect millions of people worldwide, and account for the majority of kidney diseases requiring dialysis and transplantation. The 12th International Podocyte Conference was held in Montreal, Canada from May 30 to June 2, 2018. The primary aim of this conference was to bring together nephrologists, clinician scientists, basic scientists and their trainees from all over the world to present their research and to establish networks with the common goal of developing new therapies for glomerular diseases based on the latest advances in podocyte biology. This review briefly highlights recent advances made in understanding podocyte structure and metabolism, experimental systems in which to study podocytes and glomerular disease, disease mediators, genetic and immune origins of glomerulopathies, and the development of novel therapeutic agents to protect podocyte and glomerular injury.

15.
Proteomics Clin Appl ; 13(6): e1900018, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31424164

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Urinary extracellular vesicles (uEVs) are a novel source of biomarkers. However, urinary Tamm-Horsfall Protein (THP; uromodulin) interferes with all vesicle isolation attempts, precipitates with normal urinary proteins, thus, representing an unwanted "contaminant" in urinary assays. Thus, the aim is to develop a simple method to manage THP efficiently. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The uEVs are isolated by hydrostatic filtration dialysis (HFD) and treated with a defined solution of urea to optimize release of uEVs from sample. Presence of uEVs is confirmed by transmission electron microscopy, Western blotting, and proteomic profiling in MS. RESULTS: Using HFD with urea treatment for uEV isolation reduces sample complexity to a great extent. The novel simplified uEV isolation protocol allows comprehensive vesicle proteomics analysis and should be part of any urine analytics to release all sample constituents from THP trap. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The method brings a quick and easy protocol for THP management during uEV isolation, providing major benefits for comprehensive sample analytics.

16.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 9765, 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278342

RESUMO

The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and by association diabetic nephropathy (DN) will continuously increase in the next decades. Nevertheless, the underlying molecular mechanisms are largely unknown and studies on the role of new actors like long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) barely exist. In the present study, the inherently insulin-resistant mouse strain "black and tan, brachyuric" (BTBR) served as T2DM model. While wild-type mice do not exhibit pathological changes, leptin-deficient diabetic animals develop a severe T2DM accompanied by a DN, which closely resembles the human phenotype. We analyzed the glomerular expression of lncRNAs from wild-type and diabetic BTBR mice (four, eight, 16, and 24 weeks) applying the "GeneChip Mouse Whole Transcriptome 1.0 ST" array. This microarray covered more lncRNA gene loci than any other array before. Over the observed time, our data revealed differential expression patterns of 1746 lncRNAs, which markedly differed from mRNAs. We identified protein-coding and non-coding genes, that were not only co-located but also co-expressed, indicating a potentially cis-acting function of these lncRNAs. In vitro-experiments strongly suggested a cell-specific expression of these lncRNA-mRNA-pairs. Additionally, protein-coding genes, being associated with significantly regulated lncRNAs, were enriched in various biological processes and pathways, that were strongly linked to diabetes.

17.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3303, 2019 07 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31341160

RESUMO

The mechanisms driving the development of extracapillary lesions in focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) and crescentic glomerulonephritis (CGN) remain poorly understood. A key question is how parietal epithelial cells (PECs) invade glomerular capillaries, thereby promoting injury and kidney failure. Here we show that expression of the tetraspanin CD9 increases markedly in PECs in mouse models of CGN and FSGS, and in kidneys from individuals diagnosed with these diseases. Cd9 gene targeting in PECs prevents glomerular damage in CGN and FSGS mouse models. Mechanistically, CD9 deficiency prevents the oriented migration of PECs into the glomerular tuft and their acquisition of CD44 and ß1 integrin expression. These findings highlight a critical role for de novo expression of CD9 as a common pathogenic switch driving the PEC phenotype in CGN and FSGS, while offering a potential therapeutic avenue to treat these conditions.


Assuntos
Nefropatias/patologia , Tetraspanina 29/fisiologia , Animais , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Glomerulonefrite/genética , Glomerulonefrite/metabolismo , Glomerulonefrite/patologia , Glomerulosclerose Segmentar e Focal/genética , Glomerulosclerose Segmentar e Focal/metabolismo , Glomerulosclerose Segmentar e Focal/patologia , Humanos , Nefropatias/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Tetraspanina 29/genética , Tetraspanina 29/metabolismo
18.
Kidney Int ; 96(1): 245-246, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31229032
19.
Kidney Int ; 96(2): 505-516, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31155155

RESUMO

Recent developments in optical tissue clearing have been difficult to apply for the morphometric analysis of organs with high cellular content and small functional structures, such as the kidney. Here, we establish combinations of genetic and immuno-labelling for single cell identification, tissue clearing and subsequent de-clarification for histoimmunopathology and transmission electron microscopy. Using advanced light microscopy and computational analyses, we investigated a murine model of crescentic nephritis, an inflammatory kidney disease typified by immune-mediated damage to glomeruli leading to the formation of hypercellular lesions and the rapid loss of kidney function induced by nephrotoxic serum. Results show a graded susceptibility of the glomeruli, significant podocyte loss and capillary injury. These effects are associated with activation of parietal epithelial cells and formation of glomerular lesions that may evolve and obstruct the kidney tubule, thereby explaining the loss of kidney function. Thus, our work provides new high-throughput endpoints for the analysis of complex tissues with single-cell resolution.

20.
Cell Rep ; 27(5): 1551-1566.e5, 2019 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31042480

RESUMO

The cellular responses induced by mitochondrial dysfunction remain elusive. Intrigued by the lack of almost any glomerular phenotype in patients with profound renal ischemia, we comprehensively investigated the primary sources of energy of glomerular podocytes. Combining functional measurements of oxygen consumption rates, glomerular metabolite analysis, and determination of mitochondrial density of podocytes in vivo, we demonstrate that anaerobic glycolysis and fermentation of glucose to lactate represent the key energy source of podocytes. Under physiological conditions, we could detect neither a developmental nor late-onset pathological phenotype in podocytes with impaired mitochondrial biogenesis machinery, defective mitochondrial fusion-fission apparatus, or reduced mtDNA stability and transcription caused by podocyte-specific deletion of Pgc-1α, Drp1, or Tfam, respectively. Anaerobic glycolysis represents the predominant metabolic pathway of podocytes. These findings offer a strategy to therapeutically interfere with the enhanced podocyte metabolism in various progressive kidney diseases, such as diabetic nephropathy or focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS).

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA