Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 12 de 12
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Proteome Res ; 6(5): 1985-96, 2007 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17381150

RESUMO

In humans, the olfactory epithelium is located in two narrow passages, the olfactory clefts, at the upper part of the nasal cavities. The olfactory epithelium is covered by a mucus layer which is essential for the function of the olfactory neurons that are directly connected with the brain through the cribriform plate. This anatomical weakness of the brain protection may be the source of infection. Little is known about the composition of this mucus in humans. Previous proteomic analyses have been performed on washes of the entire nasal cavities and therefore might better correspond to the mucus over the respiratory epithelium than to the mucus covering the olfactory epithelium. In the present study, we sampled the olfactory mucus directly from the clefts of 16 healthy adult volunteers, and 83 proteins were identified in the samples using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, MALDI-TOF, RPLC, and Edman sequencing. Forty-three proteins were not previously observed either in nasal mucus sampled through washings, saliva, tear, or cerebrospinal fluid. In Accordance with the data in the protein databases, the most abundant proteins are secreted, whereas some others correspond to intracellular proteins covering a large range of functions: anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, protease inhibition, antioxidant, transport, transcription, transduction, cytoskeletal, regulation, binding, and metabolism of odorant molecules. This study clearly demonstrates the complexity of the mucus covering the human olfactory epithelium, which might comprise potential markers for characterizing pathophysiological states.


Assuntos
Muco/química , Mucosa Olfatória , Proteínas/análise , Proteoma/análise , Adulto , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Bases de Dados de Proteínas , Eletroforese em Gel Bidimensional , Humanos , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Mucosa Olfatória/anatomia & histologia , Mucosa Olfatória/química , Proteínas/genética , Análise de Sequência de Proteína , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz
2.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 343(2): 450-8, 2006 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16546124

RESUMO

Mammary epithelial cells synthesised and secreted caseins, the major milk proteins in most mammals, as large aggregates called micelles into the alveolar lumen they surround. We investigated the implication of the highly conserved cysteine(s) of kappa-casein in disulphide bond formation in casein micelles from several species. Dimers were found in all milks studied, confirming previous observation in ruminants. More importantly, the study of interchain disulphide bridges in mouse and rat casein micelles revealed that any casein possessing a cysteine is engaged in disulphide bond interchange; these species express four or five cysteine-containing caseins, respectively. We found that the main rodent caseins form both homo- and heterodimers. Additionally, disulphide bond formation among milk proteins was specific since the interaction of the caseins with cysteine-containing whey proteins was not observed in native casein micelles.


Assuntos
Caseínas/química , Dissulfetos/química , Leite/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Sítios de Ligação , Sequência Conservada , Dissulfetos/análise , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Micelas , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Coelhos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos , Especificidade da Espécie
3.
J Gen Virol ; 86(Pt 11): 3143-51, 2005 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16227238

RESUMO

The rotavirus capsid is made up of three concentric protein layers. The outer layer, consisting of VP7 and VP4, is lost during virus entry into the host cell. Rotavirus field isolates can be adapted to high-titre growth in tissue culture by treatment with trypsin and by supplementing the culture medium with trypsin, which cleaves VP4 into two fragments, VP8* and VP5*. It is known that protease inhibitors reduce the replication of rotavirus in vitro and in vivo and also diminish disease symptoms in a mouse model. To clarify the molecular basis of these observations, a series of assays were conducted on purified rotavirus particles grown in the presence of trypsin. Results of HPLC and mass spectrometry followed by N-terminal sequencing showed that viral particles contain molecules of trypsin. When associated with triple-layer particles (TLPs), trypsin is inactive and not accessible to protease inhibitors, such as aprotinin. When the outer layer is solubilized by calcium-chelating agents, VP5*, VP8* and VP7 are released and the associated trypsin is activated, allowing cleavage of the viral capsid proteins, as well as other exogenous proteins. It is shown that addition of trypsin inhibitors significantly reduces synthesis of viral mRNA and viral proteins in cells and has a major inhibitory effect if present when virus enters the cell. These data indicate that incorporation of trypsin into rotavirus particles may enhance its infectivity.


Assuntos
Antígenos Virais/metabolismo , Proteínas do Capsídeo/metabolismo , Rotavirus/química , Tripsina/metabolismo , Antígenos Virais/química , Proteínas do Capsídeo/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Modelos Biológicos , Vírion
4.
J Gen Virol ; 85(Pt 8): 2231-6, 2004 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15269363

RESUMO

The capsid of birnaviruses contains two proteins, VP2 and VP3, which derive from the processing of a large polyprotein, NH(2)-pVP2-VP4-VP3-COOH. The proteolytic cascade involved in processing the polyprotein, and in the final maturation of pVP2 (the precursor of VP2), has recently been shown to generate VP2 and four structural peptides in infectious bursal disease virus and blotched snakehead virus. The presence of peptides in infectious pancreatic necrosis virus particles was investigated using mass spectrometry and N-terminal sequencing of virus particles. Three peptides deriving from the C terminus of pVP2 (residues 443-486, 487-495 and 496-508 of the polyprotein) and 14 additional peptides produced by further processing of peptides [443-486] and [496-508] were identified. These results indicate that the presence of several virus-encoded peptides in the virions is a hallmark of birnaviruses.


Assuntos
Proteínas do Capsídeo/análise , Vírus da Necrose Pancreática Infecciosa/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/análise , Precursores de Proteínas/análise , Vírion/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Dados de Sequência Molecular
5.
J Gen Virol ; 85(Pt 6): 1643-53, 2004 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15166449

RESUMO

The RNA-dependent RNA polymerase complex of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is composed of the large polymerase (L), the phosphoprotein (P), the nucleocapsid protein (N) and the co-factors M2-1 and M2-2. The P protein plays a central role within the replicase-transcriptase machinery, forming homo-oligomers and complexes with N and L. In order to study P-P and N-P complexes, and the role of P phosphorylation in these interactions, the human RSV P and N proteins were expressed in E. coli as His-tagged or GST-fusion proteins. The non-phosphorylated status of recombinant P protein was established by mass spectrometry. GST-P and GST-N fusion proteins were able to interact with RSV proteins extracted from infected cells in a GST pull-down assay. When co-expressed in bacteria, GST-P and His-P were co-purified by glutathione-Sepharose affinity, showing that the RSV P protein can form oligomers within bacteria. This result was confirmed by chemical cross-linking experiments and gel filtration studies. The P oligomerization domain was investigated by a GST pull-down assay using a series of P deletion constructs. This domain was mapped to a small region situated in the central part of P (aa 120-150), which localized in a computer-predicted coiled-coil domain. When co-expressed in bacteria, RSV N and P proteins formed a soluble complex that prevented non-specific binding of N to bacterial RNA. Therefore, RSV P protein phosphorylation is not required for the formation of P-P and N-P complexes, and P controls the RNA binding activity of N.


Assuntos
Vírus Sinciciais Respiratórios/química , Proteínas Virais/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Escherichia coli/genética , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Fosforilação , RNA Bacteriano/análise , Coelhos , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/química
6.
J Virol ; 77(6): 3595-601, 2003 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12610135

RESUMO

The recent determination of the crystal structure of VP6, the major capsid protein of rotavirus, revealed a trimer containing a central zinc ion coordinated by histidine 153 from each of the three subunits. The role of the zinc ion in the functions of VP6 was investigated by site-directed mutagenesis. The mutation of histidine 153 into a serine (H153S and H153S/S339H) did not prevent the formation of VP6 trimers. At pH <7.0, about the pK of histidine, wild-type and mutated VP6 proteins display similar properties, giving rise to identical tubular and spherical assemblies. However, at pH >7.0, histidine 153 mutant proteins did not assemble into the characteristic 45-nm-diameter tubes, in contrast to wild-type VP6. These observations showed that under conditions in which histidine residues are not charged, the properties of VP6 depended on the presence of the centrally coordinated zinc atom in the trimer. Indeed, wild-type VP6 depleted of the zinc ion by a high concentration (100 mM) of a metal-chelating agent behaved like the H153 mutant proteins. The susceptibility of wild-type VP6 to proteases is greatly increased in the absence of zinc. NH(2)-terminal sequencing of the proteolytic fragments showed that they all contained the beta-sheet-rich VP6 head domain, which appeared to be less sensitive to protease activity than the alpha-helical basal domain. Finally, the mutant proteins assembled well on cores, as demonstrated by both electron microscopy and rescue of transcriptase activity. Zinc is thus not necessary for the transcription activity. All of these observations suggest that, in solution, VP6 trimers present a structural flexibility that is controlled by the presence of a zinc ion.


Assuntos
Antígenos Virais , Proteínas do Capsídeo/metabolismo , Regulação Viral da Expressão Gênica , Montagem de Vírus , Zinco/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas do Capsídeo/genética , Células Cultivadas , Microscopia Eletrônica , Mutação , Nucleopoliedrovírus/genética , Rotavirus/metabolismo , Spodoptera , Transcrição Genética
7.
Mol Cell Endocrinol ; 199(1-2): 1-9, 2003 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12581874

RESUMO

In the present study, we report the purification and characterization of a polypeptide from the sheep corpus luteum of pregnancy with a potent luteinizing hormone-release inhibiting factor (LH-RIF) bioactivity that stained as a single band in SDS-PAGE with an apparent molecular mass of 16000 Da. The amino acid sequences obtained after sequence analysis of peptides derived from the trypsin digestion of LH-RIF were subjected to a protein data bank search and were found to be identical with regions of sheep copper, zinc-superoxide dismutase (Cu,Zn-SOD). The measured mass of LH-RIF (15604.2+/-1.9 Da) was found to be similar to the theoretical mass of sheep Cu,Zn-SOD (15603.5 Da), with a disulfide bond and N acetylated alanine at the N-terminus. The inhibitory action of Cu,Zn-SOD on pulsatile LH secretion would suggest that this antioxidant may play an important role, either independently or in concert with some neurotransmitters, in the neuroendocrine regulation of sheep female reproductive function.


Assuntos
Corpo Lúteo/enzimologia , Hormônio Luteinizante/antagonistas & inibidores , Superóxido Dismutase/fisiologia , Animais , Eletroforese em Gel de Poliacrilamida , Feminino , Hormônio Luteinizante/metabolismo , Peso Molecular , Gravidez , Análise de Sequência de Proteína , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos , Ovinos , Superóxido Dismutase/química , Superóxido Dismutase/isolamento & purificação
8.
J Virol ; 77(1): 719-25, 2003 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12477876

RESUMO

By different approaches, we characterized the birnavirus blotched snakehead virus (BSNV). The sequence of genomic segment A revealed the presence of two open reading frames (ORFs): a large ORF with a 3,207-bp-long nucleotide sequence and a 417-nucleotide-long small ORF located within the N-terminal half of the large ORF, but in a different reading frame. The large ORF was found to encode a polyprotein cotranslationally processed by the viral protease VP4 to generate pVP2 (the VP2 precursor), a 71-amino-acid-long peptide ([X]), VP4, and VP3. The two cleavage sites at the [X]-VP4 and VP4-VP3 junctions were identified by N-terminal sequencing. We showed that the processing of pVP2 generated VP2 and several small peptides (amino acids [aa] 418 to 460, 461 to 467, 468 to 474, and 475 to 486). Two of these peptides (aa 418 to 460 and 475 to 486) were positively identified in the viral particles with 10 additional peptides derived from further processing of the peptide aa 418 to 460. The results suggest that VP4 cleaves multiple Pro-X-Ala downward arrow Ala motifs, with the notable exception of the VP4-VP3 junction. Replacement of the members of the predicted VP4 catalytic dyad (Ser-692 and Lys-729) confirmed their indispensability in the polyprotein processing. The genomic segment B sequence revealed a single large ORF encoding a putative polymerase, VP1. Our results demonstrate that BSNV should be considered a new aquatic birnavirus species, slightly more related to IBDV than to IPNV.


Assuntos
Aquabirnavirus/classificação , Avibirnavirus/classificação , Birnaviridae/classificação , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Birnaviridae/química , Birnaviridae/genética , Proteínas do Capsídeo/química , Proteínas do Capsídeo/metabolismo , Clonagem Molecular , Genoma Viral , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , Vírion/química
9.
Eur J Biochem ; 269(18): 4586-96, 2002 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12230571

RESUMO

Chemosensory proteins (CSPs) are ubiquitous soluble small proteins isolated from sensory organs of a wide range of insect species, which are believed to be involved in chemical communication. We report the cloning of a honeybee CSP gene called ASP3c, as well as the structural and functional characterization of the encoded protein. The protein was heterologously secreted by the yeast Pichia pastoris using the native signal peptide. ASP3c disulfide bonds were assigned after trypsinolysis followed by chromatography and mass spectrometry combined with microsequencing. The pairing (Cys(I)-Cys(II), Cys(III)-Cys(IV)) was found to be identical to that of Schistocerca gregaria CSPs, suggesting that this pattern occurs commonly throughout the insect CSPs. CD measurements revealed that ASP3c mainly consists of alpha-helices, like other insect CSPs. Gel filtration analysis showed that ASP3c is monomeric at neutral pH. Using ASA, a fluorescent fatty acid anthroyloxy analogue as a probe, ASP3c was shown to bind specifically to large fatty acids and ester derivatives, which are brood pheromone components, in the micromolar range. It was unable to bind tested general odorants and other tested pheromones (sexual and nonsexual). This is the first report on a natural pheromonal ligand bound by a recombinant CSP with a measured affinity constant.


Assuntos
Abelhas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Insetos/metabolismo , Feromônios/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Abelhas/genética , Dicroísmo Circular , DNA Complementar , Dissulfetos/metabolismo , Fluorescência , Corantes Fluorescentes , Ligantes , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Alinhamento de Sequência , Ácidos Esteáricos , Triptofano/metabolismo
10.
Eur J Biochem ; 269(11): 2772-81, 2002 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12047387

RESUMO

At the time of implantation in the maternal uterus, the trophectoderm of the pig blastocyst is the source of a massive secretion of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), together with lesser amounts of IFN-delta, a unique species of type I IFN. This trophoblastic IFN-gamma (TrIFN-gamma) is an unprecedented example of IFN-gamma being produced spontaneously by an epithelium. We therefore studied some of its structural and biochemical properties, by comparison with pig IFN-gamma from other sources, either natural LeIFN-gamma (from adult leucocytes), or recombinant. Biologically active TrIFN-gamma is a dimeric molecule, of which monomers are mainly composed of a truncated polypeptide chain with two glycotypes, unlike LeIFN-gamma which is formed of at least two polypeptide chains and four glycotypes. TrIFN-gamma collected in the uterus lumen was enzymatically deglycosylated and analysed by mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF). The data revealed that the more abundant polypeptide has a mass of 14.74 kDa, corresponding to a C-terminal cleavage of 17 residues from the expected 143-residue long mature sequence. A minor polypeptide, with a mass of 12.63 kDa, corresponds to a C-terminal truncation of 36 amino acids. MALDI-TOF analysis of tryptic peptides from the glycosylated molecule(s) identifies a single branched carbohydrate motif, with six N-acetylgalactosamines, and no sialic acid. The only glycan microheterogeneity seems to reside in the number of l-fucose residues (one to three). The lack of the C-terminal cluster of basic residues, and the presence of nonsialylated glycans, result in a very low net charge of TrIFN-gamma molecule. However, the 17-residue truncation does not affect the antiproliferative activity of TrIFN-gamma on different cells, among which is a porcine uterine epithelial cell line. It is suggested that these specific properties might confer on TrIFN-gamma a particular ability to invade the uterine mucosa and exert biological functions beyond the endometrial epithelium.


Assuntos
Interferon gama/metabolismo , Trofoblastos/metabolismo , Animais , Polaridade Celular , Células Epiteliais/citologia , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Feminino , Interferon gama/química , Leucócitos/metabolismo , Suínos
11.
Biochemistry ; 41(23): 7241-52, 2002 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12044155

RESUMO

Odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) are small abundant extracellular proteins belonging to the lipocalin superfamily. They are thought to participate in perireceptor events of odor detection by carrying, deactivating, and/or selecting odorant molecules. Putative human OBP genes (hOBP) have recently been described [Lacazette et al. (2000) Hum. Mol. Genet. 9, 289-301], but the presence of the corresponding proteins remained to be established in the human olfactory mucus. This paper reports the first evidence of such expression in the mucus covering the olfactory cleft, where the sensory olfactory epithelium is located. On the contrary, hOBPs were not observed in the nasal mucus covering the septum and the lower turbinate. To demonstrate the odorant binding activity of these proteins, a corresponding recombinant protein variant, hOBP(IIa)(alpha), was secreted by the yeast Pichia pastoris and thoroughly characterized. It appears as a monomer with one disulfide bond located between C59 and C151, a conservative feature of all other vertebrate OBPs. By measuring the displacement of several fluorescent probes, we show that hOBP(IIa)(alpha) is able to bind numerous odorants of diverse chemical structures, with a higher affinity for aldehydes and large fatty acids. A computed 3D model of hOBP(IIa)(alpha) is proposed and reveals that two lysyl residues of the binding pocket may account for the increased affinity for aldehydes. The relatively limited specificity of hOBP(IIa)(alpha) suggests that other human OBPs are expected to take into account the large diversity of odorant molecules.


Assuntos
Odorantes/análise , Mucosa Olfatória/química , Mucosa Olfatória/metabolismo , Receptores Odorantes/química , Receptores Odorantes/metabolismo , Processamento Alternativo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Sequência de Bases , Ligação Competitiva , Eletroforese em Gel de Poliacrilamida , Corantes Fluorescentes/metabolismo , Vetores Genéticos , Humanos , Ligantes , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Muco/química , Muco/metabolismo , Pichia/genética , Isoformas de Proteínas/biossíntese , Isoformas de Proteínas/química , Isoformas de Proteínas/isolamento & purificação , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Receptores Odorantes/biossíntese , Receptores Odorantes/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Recombinantes/biossíntese , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de Proteína , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz
12.
J Virol ; 76(5): 2393-402, 2002 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11836417

RESUMO

The capsid proteins VP2 and VP3 of infectious bursal disease virus, a birnavirus, are derived from the processing of a large polyprotein: NH2-pVP2-VP4-VP3-COOH. Although the primary cleavage sites at the pVP2-VP4 and VP4-VP3 junctions have been identified, the proteolytic cascade involved in the processing of this polyprotein is not yet fully understood, particularly the maturation of pVP2. By using different approaches, we showed that the processing of pVP2 (residues 1 to 512) generated VP2 and four small peptides (residues 442 to 487, 488 to 494, 495 to 501, and 502 to 512). We also showed that in addition to VP2, at least three of these peptides (residues 442 to 487, 488 to 494, and 502 to 512) were associated with the viral particles. The importance of the small peptides in the virus cycle was assessed by reverse genetics. Our results showed that the mutants lacking the two smaller peptides were viable, although the virus growth was affected. In contrast, deletions of the domain 442 to 487 or 502 to 512 did not allow virus recovery. Several amino acids of the peptide 502 to 512 appeared essential for virus viability. Substitutions of the P1 and/or P1" position were engineered at each of the cleavage sites (P1-P1": 441-442, 487-488, 494-495, 501-502, and 512-513). Most substitutions at the pVP2-VP4 junction (512-513) and at the final VP2 maturation cleavage site (441-442) were lethal. Mutations of intermediate cleavage sites (487-488, 494-495, and 501-502) led to viable viruses showing different but efficient pVP2 processing. Our data suggested that while peptides 488 to 494 and 495 to 501 play an accessory role, peptides 442 to 487 and 502 to 512 have an unknown but important function within the virus cycle.


Assuntos
Capsídeo/química , Vírus da Doença Infecciosa da Bursa/metabolismo , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Precursores de Proteínas/metabolismo , Proteínas Estruturais Virais/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Capsídeo/genética , Capsídeo/metabolismo , Citometria de Fluxo , Vírus da Doença Infecciosa da Bursa/química , Vírus da Doença Infecciosa da Bursa/genética , Espectrometria de Massas , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Mutação , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/genética , Precursores de Proteínas/química , Precursores de Proteínas/genética , Proteínas Estruturais Virais/química , Proteínas Estruturais Virais/genética , Vírion/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA