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1.
Am J Hum Genet ; 108(8): 1436-1449, 2021 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34216551

RESUMO

Despite widespread clinical genetic testing, many individuals with suspected genetic conditions lack a precise diagnosis, limiting their opportunity to take advantage of state-of-the-art treatments. In some cases, testing reveals difficult-to-evaluate structural differences, candidate variants that do not fully explain the phenotype, single pathogenic variants in recessive disorders, or no variants in genes of interest. Thus, there is a need for better tools to identify a precise genetic diagnosis in individuals when conventional testing approaches have been exhausted. We performed targeted long-read sequencing (T-LRS) using adaptive sampling on the Oxford Nanopore platform on 40 individuals, 10 of whom lacked a complete molecular diagnosis. We computationally targeted up to 151 Mbp of sequence per individual and searched for pathogenic substitutions, structural variants, and methylation differences using a single data source. We detected all genomic aberrations-including single-nucleotide variants, copy number changes, repeat expansions, and methylation differences-identified by prior clinical testing. In 8/8 individuals with complex structural rearrangements, T-LRS enabled more precise resolution of the mutation, leading to changes in clinical management in one case. In ten individuals with suspected Mendelian conditions lacking a precise genetic diagnosis, T-LRS identified pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants in six and variants of uncertain significance in two others. T-LRS accurately identifies pathogenic structural variants, resolves complex rearrangements, and identifies Mendelian variants not detected by other technologies. T-LRS represents an efficient and cost-effective strategy to evaluate high-priority genes and regions or complex clinical testing results.


Assuntos
Aberrações Cromossômicas , Análise Citogenética/métodos , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/diagnóstico , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genoma Humano , Mutação , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Feminino , Testes Genéticos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Cariotipagem , Masculino , Análise de Sequência de DNA
2.
Mol Genet Metab Rep ; 25: 100661, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33101980

RESUMO

Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is an inherited metabolic condition caused by pathogenic mutations in the ALPL gene. This leads to deficiency of tissue non-specific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP), resulting in decreased mineralization of the bones and/or teeth and multi-systemic complications. Inheritance may be autosomal dominant or recessive, and the phenotypic spectrum, including age of onset, varies widely. We present four families demonstrating both modes of inheritance of HPP and phenotypic variability and discuss the resultant challenges in disease management, genetic counseling, and risk assessment. Failure to consider different modes of inheritance in a family with HPP may lead to an inaccurate risk assessment upon which medical and reproductive decisions may be made. We highlight the essential role of high-quality genetic counseling and meaningful biochemical and molecular testing strategies in the evaluation and management of families with HPP.

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