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2.
Blood ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016390

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of recurrent ipsilateral deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is challenging because persistent intravascular abnormalities after previous DVT often hinder a diagnosis by compression ultrasonography. Magnetic resonance direct thrombus imaging (MRDTI), a technique without intravenous contrast and with a 10-minute acquisition time, has been shown to accurately distinguish acute recurrent DVT from chronic thrombotic remains. We have evaluated the safety of MRDTI as sole test for excluding recurrent ipsilateral DVT. METHODS: The Theia study was a prospective international multicenter diagnostic management study involving patients with clinically suspected acute recurrent ipsilateral DVT (NCT02262052). Patients were managed according to the MRDTI result, performed within 24 hours of study inclusion. The primary outcome was the 3-month incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after MRDTI negative for DVT. The secondary outcome was the interobserver agreement of MRDTI readings. An independent committee adjudicated all endpoints. RESULTS: 305 patients were included. The baseline prevalence of recurrent DVT was 38%; superficial thrombophlebitis was diagnosed in 4.6%. The primary outcome occurred in 2 of 119 (1.7%; 95%CI 0.20-5.9) patients with MRDTI negative for DVT and thrombophlebitis, who were not treated with any anticoagulant during follow-up; neither of these recurrences was fatal. The incidence of recurrent VTE in all patients with MRDTI negative for DVT was 1.1% (95%CI 0.13-3.8%). The agreement between initial local and post-hoc central reading of the MRDTI images was excellent (kappa statistic 0.91). CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of VTE recurrence after negative MRDTI was low and MRDTI proved to be a feasible and reproducible diagnostic test.

3.
JAMA Intern Med ; 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065601

RESUMO

Importance: Prevention of postcontrast acute kidney injury in patients with stage 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD) by means of prehydration has been standard care for years. However, evidence for the need for prehydration in this group is limited. Objective: To assess the renal safety of omitting prophylactic prehydration prior to iodine-based contrast media administration in patients with stage 3 CKD. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Kompas trial was a multicenter, noninferiority, randomized clinical trial conducted at 6 hospitals in the Netherlands in which 523 patients with stage 3 CKD were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive no prehydration or prehydration with 250 mL of 1.4% sodium bicarbonate administered in a 1-hour infusion before undergoing elective contrast-enhanced computed tomography from April 2013 through September 2016. Final follow-up was completed in September 2017. Data were analyzed from January 2018 to June 2019. Interventions: In total, 262 patients were allocated to the no prehydration group and 261 were allocated to receive prehydration. Analysis on the primary end point was available in 505 patients (96.6%). Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point was the mean relative increase in serum creatinine level 2 to 5 days after contrast administration compared with baseline (noninferiority margin of less than 10% increase in serum creatinine level). Secondary outcomes included the incidence of postcontrast acute kidney injury 2 to 5 days after contrast administration, mean relative increase in creatinine level 7 to 14 days after contrast administration, incidences of acute heart failure and renal failure requiring dialysis, and health care costs. Results: Of 554 patients randomized, 523 were included in the intention-to-treat analysis. The median (interquartile range) age was 74 (67-79) years; 336 (64.2%) were men and 187 (35.8%) were women. The mean (SD) relative increase in creatinine level 2 to 5 days after contrast administration compared with baseline was 3.0% (10.5) in the no prehydration group vs 3.5% (10.3) in the prehydration group (mean difference, 0.5; 95% CI, -1.3 to 2.3; P < .001 for noninferiority). Postcontrast acute kidney injury occurred in 11 patients (2.1%), including 7 of 262 (2.7%) in the no prehydration group and 4 of 261 (1.5%) in the prehydration group, which resulted in a relative risk of 1.7 (95% CI, 0.5-5.9; P = .36). None of the patients required dialysis or developed acute heart failure. Subgroup analyses showed no evidence of statistical interactions between treatment arms and predefined subgroups. Mean hydration costs were €119 (US $143.94) per patient in the prehydration group compared with €0 (US $0) in the no prehydration group (P < .001). Other health care costs were similar. Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with stage 3 CKD undergoing contrast-enhanced computed tomography, withholding prehydration did not compromise patient safety. The findings of this study support the option of not giving prehydration as a safe and cost-efficient measure. Trial Registration: Netherlands Trial Register Identifier: NTR3764.

4.
Blood ; 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951652

RESUMO

For patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE), prediction of bleeding is relevant throughout the course of treatment, although the means and goal of this prediction differ between the subsequent stages of treatment: treatment initiation, hospital discharge, 3-month follow-up and long term follow-up. Even in the absence of fully established risk prediction schemes and outcome studies using a prediction scheme for treatment decisions, the present evidence supports screening for and targeting of modifiable risk factors for major bleeding, as well as the application of decision rules to identify patients at low risk of bleeding complications, in whom long-term anticoagulant treatment is likely safe. Moving forward, prediction tools need to be incorporated in well-designed randomized controlled trials aiming to establish optimal treatment duration in patients at high risk of recurrent VTE. Moreover, the benefit of their longitudinal assessment rather than application as standalone baseline assessments should be studied, since changes in bleeding risk over time likely constitutes the best predictor of major bleeding. We provide the state-of-the-art of assessing and managing bleeding risk in patients with acute VTE, and highlight a practical approach for daily practice illustrated by two case scenarios.

5.
Eur Heart J ; 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31995195

RESUMO

AIMS: As health systems around the world increasingly look to measure and improve the value of care that they provide to patients, being able to measure the outcomes that matter most to patients is vital. To support the shift towards value-based health care in atrial fibrillation (AF), the International Consortium for Health Outcomes Measurement (ICHOM) assembled an international Working Group (WG) of 30 volunteers, including health professionals and patient representatives to develop a standardized minimum set of outcomes for benchmarking care delivery in clinical settings. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using an online-modified Delphi process, outcomes important to patients and health professionals were selected and categorized into (i) long-term consequences of disease outcomes, (ii) complications of treatment outcomes, and (iii) patient-reported outcomes. The WG identified demographic and clinical variables for use as case-mix risk adjusters. These included baseline demographics, comorbidities, cognitive function, date of diagnosis, disease duration, medications prescribed and AF procedures, as well as smoking, body mass index (BMI), alcohol intake, and physical activity. Where appropriate, and for ease of implementation, standardization of outcomes and case-mix variables was achieved using ICD codes. The standard set underwent an open review process in which over 80% of patients surveyed agreed with the outcomes captured by the standard set. CONCLUSION: Implementation of these consensus recommendations could help institutions to monitor, compare and improve the quality and delivery of chronic AF care. Their consistent definition and collection, using ICD codes where applicable, could also broaden the implementation of more patient-centric clinical outcomes research in AF.

6.
Am J Cardiol ; 125(3): 383-391, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785775

RESUMO

Prospective studies evaluating persistence to nonvitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants in patients with atrial fibrillation are needed to improve our understanding of drug discontinuation. The study objective was to evaluate if and when patients with newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation stop dabigatran treatment and to report outcomes following discontinuation. Patients prescribed dabigatran in diverse clinical practice settings were consecutively enrolled and followed for 2 years. Dabigatran persistence over time, reasons for discontinuation, and outcomes post discontinuation were assessed. Of 4,859 patients, aged 70.2 ± 10.4 years, 55.7% were male. Overall 2-year dabigatran persistence was 70.9% (95% confidence interval [CI] 69.6 to 72.2). Persistence probability was lower in the first 6-month period (83.7% [82.7 to 84.8]) than in subsequent periods for patients on dabigatran at the start of each period (6 to 12 months, 92.5% [91.6 to 93.3]; 12 to 18 months, 95.1% [94.3 to 95.8]; 18 to 24 months, 96.3% [95.6 to 96.9]). Of 1,305 patients (26.9%) who discontinued dabigatran, adverse events were reported as the reason for discontinuation in 457 (35.0%). Standardized stroke incidence rate post discontinuation (per 100 patient-years) in patients discontinuing without switching to another oral anticoagulant was 1.76 (95% CI 0.89 to 2.76) and 1.02 (95% CI 0.43 to 1.76) in those who switched, consistent with the expected benefit of remaining on treatment. Patients persistent with treatment at 1 year had >90% probability of remaining persistent at 2 years suggesting clinical interventions to improve persistence should be focused on the early period following treatment initiation.

7.
Europace ; 22(1): 47-57, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31651951

RESUMO

AIMS: To assess antithrombotic therapy choices in relation to patient age in a large, global registry on atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Global Registry on Long-Term Oral Antithrombotic Treatment in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation (GLORIA-AF) is an international programme involving patients with newly diagnosed AF and ≥1 risk factors for stroke. We used Phase II data (from November 2011 through December 2014), which commenced immediately following first non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) approval in participating countries. Of 15 092 patients (mean age 70.5 ± 11.0 years), enrolled at 982 centres, 26.9% were aged <65 years, 33.9% 65-74, 30.5% 75-84, and 8.6% ≥85 years old. Oral anticoagulant (OAC) use was 73.5%, 81.4%, 83.3%, and 82.3% (overall NOACs use was 44.4%, 49.7%, 48.7%, and 45.6%) for those aged <65, 65-74, 75-84 and ≥85 years, respectively. Corresponding proportions for antiplatelet monotherapy and no treatment were: 16.2% and 10.2%; 11.2% and 7.3%; 10.0% and 6.5%; 10.5% and 7.0%, respectively. Of those aged 65-74, 75-84, and ≥85 years, respectively, 83.7, 86.8 and 85.4% received OAC unless bleeding risk was high (HAS-BLED ≥3), whereby 64.1%, 63.5%, and 64.5% were anticoagulated, and 31.1%, 30.3%, and 31.3% received antiplatelets only. Of patients ≥85 years, OAC use was 88.1% in Europe (NOAC 45.1%), 79.5% in North America (NOAC 44.8%), and 54.1% in Asia (NOAC 40.2%). CONCLUSION: Despite geographic differences in OAC use, neither OAC nor NOAC uptake was lower for patients ≥85 years old compared with younger patients. Although the majority of patients was prescribed OAC at all ages, nearly one-third received antiplatelet monotherapy when bleeding risk was increased. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01468701.

8.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 88(1): 186-194, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31688828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The rapid adoption and widespread use of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) has outpaced research efforts to establish their effects in bleeding trauma patients. In patients with complicated traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by intracranial hemorrhage, DOAC use may be associated with higher bleeding volume and potentially more disastrous sequelae than use of vitamin K antagonists (VKAs). In the current systematic review and meta-analysis we set out to evaluate the literature on the relationship between preinjury DOAC use and course of the intracranial hemorrhage. (ICH), its treatment and mortality rates in TBI patients, and to compare these outcomes to those of patients with preinjury VKA use. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library were searched using a search strategy including three main terms: "traumatic brain injury," "direct oral anticoagulants," and "vitamin K antagonists." There were 1,446 abstracts screened, and ultimately, six included articles. Random effects modeling meta-analysis was performed on in-hospital mortality, ICH progression and neurosurgical intervention rate. RESULTS: All cohorts had similar baseline and emergency department parameters. Within individual studies surgery rate, reversal agents used, ICH progression and in-hospital mortality differed significantly between DOAC and VKA cohorts. Meta-analysis showed no significant difference in in-hospital mortality (odds ratio [OR], 0.98; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.23-4.06; I = 76%; p = 0.97), neurosurgical interventions (OR, 0.48; 95% CI, 0.14-1.63; p = 0.24), or ICH progression rates (OR, 1.86; 95% CI, 0.32-10.66; p = 0.49) between patients that used preinjury DOACs versus patients that used VKAs. CONCLUSION: Direct oral anticoagulant-using mild TBI patients do not appear to be at an increased risk of in-hospital mortality, nor of increased ICH progression or surgery rates, compared with those taking VKAs. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Systematic review, level III.

10.
J Heart Lung Transplant ; 39(3): 248-256, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31866175

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Between 16% and 51% of patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension will have residual pulmonary hypertension (PH) after pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA). Whether residual PH is related to remaining (sub-)segmental macrovascular lesions or to microvascular disease is unknown. New imaging techniques can provide detailed information about (sub-)segmental pulmonary arteries and parenchymal perfusion. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence after PEA of remaining (sub-)segmental vascular lesions on electrocardiogram-gated computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) and parenchymal hypoperfusion on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to relate these imaging abnormalities to the presence or absence of residual PH after PEA. METHODS: In a prospective cohort of patients with operable chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension, hemodynamics, CTPA, and lung perfusion MRI were performed before and 6 months after PEA. The percentage of (sub-)segmental vascular lesions was calculated on CTPA and parenchymal hypoperfusion on lung perfusion MRI. RESULTS: PEA led to significant improvements in hemodynamics and a reduction of imaging abnormalities. Residual PH was present in 45% of patients after PEA, whereas remaining (sub-)segmental vascular lesions and parenchymal hypoperfusion were present in 20% and 21% of the pulmonary vasculature, respectively. Patients with and without residual PH after PEA had similar percentages of remaining (sub-)segmental vascular lesions (25% ± 14% vs 17% ± 15%; p = 0.16) and similar degrees of parenchymal hypoperfusion (20% ± 7% vs 19% ± 6%; p = 0.63). CONCLUSIONS: After successful PEA, advanced imaging shows that around 20% of the pulmonary vasculature remains abnormal, independent of the presence of residual PH. This may suggest that microvascular disease, rather than residual macrovascular lesions, plays a prominent role in residual PH after PEA.

11.
Am Heart J ; 218: 123-127, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31806087

RESUMO

GLORIA-AF is a large, ongoing, prospective, global registry program run in 3 phases, assessing long-term safety and effectiveness of dabigatran etexilate (dabigatran) in patients with newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation (AF) in clinical practice. This report provides the final analysis of 2-year clinical outcomes of the full cohort of 4873 patients prescribed dabigatran and followed for a mean of 18.0 +/- 9.4 months out of the 15,308 eligible patients enrolled in Phase II (2011-2014). The overall incidence rates per 100 person-years were: stroke 0.65 (95% CI 0.48-0.87), major bleeding 0.97 (0.76-1.23) and myocardial infarction (MI) 0.50 (0.35-0.69), with observed event rates broadly consistent in all study regions, which confirms the sustained safety and effectiveness of dabigatran over 2 years of observation in clinical practice.

12.
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd ; 1632019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31750636

RESUMO

Physicians encounter patients who use antithrombotics in virtually every area of medical specialisation. As antithrombotic use is often chronic, it is important for medication monitoring that physicians have sufficient knowledge of the latest developments, even if they do not prescribe antithrombotics themselves. The risk of thrombosis must be weighed against the risk of bleeding in every patient who is eligible to be treated with antithrombotics. In this article we describe the main indications for treatment with antithrombotics based on articles published within the past five years.

13.
Thromb Res ; 184: 122-128, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31731069

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Home treatment of cancer-associated venous thromboembolism (VTE) is challenging due to the high risk of adverse events. While home treatment is quite agreeable to cancer patients, studies evaluating the safety of VTE home treatment in this setting are largely unavailable. METHODS: This was an observational study in patients with cancer-associated VTE. The main outcomes were the proportion of patients treated at home (hospital discharge <24 h after diagnosis) and the 3-month incidence of VTE-related adverse events (major bleeding, recurrent VTE and/or suspected VTE-related mortality) in patients managed in hospital versus at home. RESULTS: A total of 183 outpatients were diagnosed with cancer-associated VTE: 69 had deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and 114 had pulmonary embolism (PE ±â€¯DVT). Of those, 120 (66%) were treated at home; this was 83% for patients with DVT and 55% for patients with PE (±DVT). The 3-month incidence of any VTE-related adverse event was 13% in those treated at home versus 19% in the hospitalized patients (HR 0.48; 95%CI 0.22-1.1), independent of initial presentation as PE or DVT. All-cause 3-month mortality occurred in 33 patients treated as inpatient (54%) compared to 29 patients treated at home (24%; crude HR 3.1 95%CI 1.9-5.0). CONCLUSIONS: Two-third of patients with cancer-associated VTE - including PE - were selected to start anticoagulant treatment at home. Cancer-associated VTE is associated with high rates of VTE-related adverse events independent of initial in hospital or home treatment. However, home treatment may be a good option for selected patients with cancer-associated DVT or PE.

14.
BMJ Open ; 9(10): e031639, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601598

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Combined with patient history and physical examination, a negative D-dimer can safely rule-out pulmonary embolism (PE). However, the D-dimer test is frequently false positive, leading to many (with hindsight) 'unneeded' referrals to secondary care. Recently, the novel YEARS algorithm, incorporating flexible D-dimer thresholds depending on pretest risk, was developed and validated, showing its ability to safely exclude PE in the hospital environment. Importantly, this was accompanied with 14% fewer computed tomographic pulmonary angiography than the standard, fixed D-dimer threshold. Although promising, in primary care this algorithm has not been validated yet. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The PECAN (Diagnosing Pulmonary Embolism in the context of Common Alternative diagNoses in primary care) study is a prospective diagnostic study performed in Dutch primary care. Included patients with suspected acute PE will be managed by their general practitioner according to the YEARS diagnostic algorithm and followed up in primary care for 3 months to establish the final diagnosis. To study the impact of the use of the YEARS algorithm, the primary endpoints are the safety and efficiency of the YEARS algorithm in primary care. Safety is defined as the proportion of false-negative test results in those not referred. Efficiency denotes the proportion of patients classified in this non-referred category. Additionally, we quantify whether C reactive protein measurement has added diagnostic value to the YEARS algorithm, using multivariable logistic and polytomous regression modelling. Furthermore, we will investigate which factors contribute to the subjective YEARS item 'PE most likely diagnosis'. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study protocol was approved by the Medical Ethical Committee Utrecht, the Netherlands. Patients eligible for inclusion will be asked for their consent. Results will be disseminated by publication in peer-reviewed journals and presented at (inter)national meetings and congresses. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NTR 7431.

15.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 15: 399-408, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571891

RESUMO

Stroke prevention with oral anticoagulants in patients with atrial fibrillation predisposes for bleeding. As a result, in select patient groups anticoagulation is withheld because of a perceived unfavorable risk-benefit ratio. Reasons for withholding anticoagulation can vary greatly between clinicians, often leading to discussion in daily clinical practice on the best approach. To guide clinical decision-making, we have reviewed available evidence on the most frequently reported reasons for withholding anticoagulation: previous bleeding, frailty and age, and an overall high bleeding risk.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Suspensão de Tratamento , Administração Oral , Fatores Etários , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Nível de Saúde , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Seleção de Pacientes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
16.
PLoS One ; 14(9): e0222658, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31527894

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and real-world data (RWD) in patients with atrial fibrillation have shown that-compared to vitamin K antagonists (VKAs)-non-VKA oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are at least as effective in the prevention of ischaemic stroke, while decreasing the risk of bleeding. OBJECTIVE: We aim to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the NOAC apixaban versus other NOACs (dabigatran, edoxaban and rivaroxaban) and VKA, for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation by including the available data both from RCT and real-world analyses of all NOACs into one integrative previously published model. METHODS: The model was updated to the current Dutch healthcare situation. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio was calculated using either efficacy/effectiveness and safety data derived from a network meta-analysis (NMA) synthesizing NOAC RCTs or RWD. We conducted a systematic literature search to identify eligible publication to best inform the RWD-based analysis. Additional sensitivity and scenario analyses were conducted to test the robustness of the outcomes. RESULTS: In the NMA-based analysis, apixaban appeared to be cost-effective compared to VKA (€3,506 per quality adjusted life-year) and dominant (cost-saving and more effective) over dabigatran 110 mg, dabigatran 150 mg, edoxaban and rivaroxaban. In the RWD-based analysis, apixaban was dominant over all other anticoagulants. In the scenario analysis apixaban appeared to be not cost-effective compared to dabigatran 150 mg, when using equal event-unrelated treatment discontinuation rates for each drug. In all other scenarios apixaban is cost-effective or cost-saving compared to VKA and other NOACs. CONCLUSION: Based on RCTs as well as RWD, we conclude that apixaban is generally cost-effective or even cost-saving (less costly and more effective) compared to VKA and other NOACs in the overall population of patients with atrial fibrillation.

18.
BMJ Open ; 9(7): e029879, 2019 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31320357

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Surgery in patients on anticoagulants requires careful monitoring and risk assessment to prevent harm. Required interruptions of anticoagulants and deciding whether to use bridging anticoagulation add further complexity. This process, known as perioperative anticoagulant management (PAM), is optimised by using guidelines. Optimal PAM prevents thromboembolic and bleeding complications. The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of PAM practice in Dutch hospitals. Additionally, the variations between hospitals and different bridging dosages were studied. DESIGN: A multicentre retrospective patient record review. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Records from 268 patients using vitamin-K antagonist (VKA) anticoagulants who underwent surgery in a representative random sample of 13 Dutch hospitals were reviewed, 259 were analysed. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Our primary outcome measure was the reliability of PAM expressed as the percentage of patients receiving guideline compliant care. Seven PAM steps were included. Secondary outcome measures included different bridging dosages used and an analysis of practice variation on the hospital level. RESULTS: Preoperative compliance was lowest for timely VKA interruptions: 58.8% (95% CI 50.0% to 67.7%) and highest for timely preoperative assessments: 81% (95% CI 75.0% to 86.5%). Postoperative compliance was lowest for timely VKA restarts: 39.9% (95% CI 33.1% to 46.7%) and highest for the decision to apply bridging: 68.5% (95% CI 62.3% to 74.8%). Variation in compliance between hospitals was present for the timely preoperative assessment (range 41%-100%), international normalised ratio testing (range 21%-94%) and postoperative bridging (range 20%-88%). Subtherapeutic bridging was used in 50.5% of patients and increased with patients' weight. CONCLUSIONS: Unsatisfying compliance for most PAM steps, reflect suboptimal reliability of PAM. Furthermore, the hospital performance varied. This increases the risk for adverse events, warranting quality improvement. The development of process measures can help but will be complicated by the availability of a strong supporting evidence base and integrated care delivery regarding PAM.

19.
Haematologica ; 2019 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31273089

RESUMO

In patients with cancer-associated venous thromboembolism, knowledge on the estimated rate of recurrent events is important for clinical decision regarding anticoagulant therapy. The Ottawa score is a clinical prediction rule designed for this purpose, stratifying patients according to their risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism during the first 6 months of anticoagulation. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies validating either the Ottawa score in its original or modified version. Two investigators independently reviewed the relevant articles published from 06/01/2012 to 12/15/2018 and indexed in MEDLINE and EMBASE. Nine eligible studies were identified including 14,963 patients. The original score classified 49.3% of the patients as high-risk, with a sensitivity of 0.7 (95% confidence interval 0.6-0.8), a 6-month pooled rate of recurrent venous thromboembolism of 18.6% (95% confidence interval 13.9-23.9). In the low-risk group, recurrence rate was 7.3% (95% confidence interval 3.4-12.5). The modified score classified 19.8% of the patients at low-risk, with a sensitivity of 0.9 (95% confidence interval 0.4-1.0) and a 6-month pooled rate of recurrent venous thromboembolism of 2.2% (95% confidence interval 1.6-2.9). In the high-risk group, recurrence rate was 10.1% (95% confidence interval 6.4-14.6). Limitations of our analysis included type and dosing of anticoagulant therapy. We conclude that new therapeutic strategies are needed in patients at high-risk for recurrent cancer-associated venous thromboembolism. Low-risk patients, as per the modified score, could be good candidates to oral anticoagulation (PROSPERO CRD42018099506).

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