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1.
Lancet ; 400(10366): 1884-1898, 2022 11 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36436527

RESUMO

Although it is a rare disease, the number of available therapeutic options for treating pulmonary arterial hypertension has increased since the late 1990s, with multiple drugs developed that are shown to be effective in phase 3 randomised controlled trials. Despite considerable advancements in pulmonary arterial hypertension treatment, prognosis remains poor. Existing therapies target pulmonary endothelial dysfunction with vasodilation and anti-proliferative effects. Novel therapies that target proliferative vascular remodelling and affect important outcomes are urgently needed. There is need for additional innovations in clinical trial design so that all emerging candidate therapies can be rigorously studied. Pulmonary arterial hypertension trial design has shifted from short-term submaximal exercise capacity as a primary endpoint, to larger clinical event-driven trial outcomes. Event-driven pulmonary arterial hypertension trials could face feasibility and efficiency issues in the future because increasing sample sizes and longer follow-up durations are needed, which would be problematic in such a rare disease. Enrichment strategies, innovative and alternative trial designs, and novel trial endpoints are potential solutions that could improve the efficiency of future pulmonary arterial hypertension trials while maintaining robustness and clinically meaningful evidence.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Doenças Raras
2.
JACC Asia ; 2(3): 215-217, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338397
5.
J Heart Lung Transplant ; 41(12): 1761-1772, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36202691

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although ventriculoarterial coupling is associated with better survival in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), existing PAH risk assessment method has not considered echocardiographic criteria of right ventricular to pulmonary artery coupling. We aimed to test the prognostic value of the echocardiographic tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion/systolic pulmonary artery pressure (TAPSE/sPAP) ratio for noninvasive PAH risk assessment. METHODS: We retrospectively studied a cohort of 659 incident PAH patients from 4 independent French PH centers (training cohort: n = 306, validation cohort n = 353) who underwent follow-up TAPSE/sPAP measurement in addition to previously validated noninvasive risk stratification variables. The primary composite outcome was 3-year all-cause mortality or lung transplantation from re-evaluation. RESULTS: Mean age was 55 ± 17 years-old with a majority of female (66%). The three main PAH causes were connective tissue disease (26%), idiopathic (24%) and porto-pulmonary (19%). The primary composite outcome occurred in 71 (23%) patients. Multivariable Cox regression analysis retained 3 noninvasive low-risk criteria as associated with the primary composite outcome: NYHA I-II (p = 0.001), NTproBNP <300 ng/L or BNP <50 ng/L (p = 0.004), and TAPSE/sPAP >0.33 mm/mmHg (p = 0.004). The more the low-risk criteria achieved at follow-up, the better the event-free survival both in the training and validation cohort (log-rank p < 0.001). In the training cohort, the c-index for these 3 criteria, for COMPERA 2.0 and for the noninvasive French Pulmonary Hypertension Network method were 0.75, 95%CI(0.70-0.82), 0.72 95%CI(0.66-0.75), 0.71 95%CI(0.62-0.73), respectively. CONCLUSION: The 3 following dichotomized low-risk criteria: TAPSE/sPAP >0.33 mm/mmHg, NYHA I-II and NTproBNP <300 ng/L or BNP <50 ng/L allow to identify low-risk PAH patients at follow-up.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hipertensão Pulmonar Primária Familiar , Medição de Risco , Função Ventricular Direita
6.
ERJ Open Res ; 8(4)2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36284827

RESUMO

Background: The prognosis of asthmatic outpatients with COVID-19 needs to be clarified. The objectives of this study were: 1) to investigate the characteristics and outcomes of asthmatic patients receiving initial ambulatory care and home monitoring for COVID-19 with Covidom, a telesurveillance solution; and 2) to compare the characteristics and outcomes between asthmatic and non-asthmatic patients. Methods: Inclusion criteria were age ≥18 years, suspected or confirmed COVID-19 diagnosis allowing initial ambulatory care, registration in Covidom between March 2020 and April 2021 and completion of the initial medical questionnaire. We compared clinical characteristics and outcomes between asthmatic and non-asthmatic patients, and we evaluated whether asthma was independently associated with clinical worsening (hospitalisation or death) within 30 days follow-up using a multivariate logistic regression model. Results: 33 815 patients met the inclusion criteria. Asthma was reported in 4276 (12.6%). The main comorbidities among asthmatic patients were obesity (23.1%), hypertension (12.7%) and diabetes (4.5%). As compared with non-asthmatic patients, asthmatic patients were more often female (70.0 versus 62.1%, p<0.001), of younger age (42.2 versus 43.8 years, p<0.001) and obese (23.1 versus 17.6%, p<0.001). The rate of hospitalisation did not differ significantly (4.7 versus 4.2%, p=0.203) and no asthmatic patient died during follow-up (versus 25 non-asthmatic patients, 0.1%; p=0.109). In multivariate analysis, asthma was independently associated with higher risk of clinical worsening (OR 1.23, 95% CI 1.04-1.44, p=0.013). Conclusion: In a large French cohort of patients receiving initial ambulatory care and home monitoring for COVID-19, asthma was independently associated with higher risk of clinical worsening although no asthmatic patient died within the 30 days follow-up.

7.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 22(1): 300, 2022 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36131247

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with end stage liver disease (ESLD) scheduled for liver transplantation (LT), an intraoperative incidental finding of elevated mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) may be observed. Its association with patient outcome has not been evaluated. We aimed to estimate the effects of an incidental finding of a mPAP > 20 mmHg during LT on the incidence of pulmonary complications. METHODS: We examined all patients who underwent a LT at Paul-Brousse hospital between January 1,2015 and December 31,2020. Those who received: a LT due to acute liver failure, a combined transplantation, or a retransplantation were excluded, as well as patients for whom known porto-pulmonary hypertension was treated before the LT or patients who underwent a LT for other etiologies than ESLD. Using right sided pulmonary artery catheterization measurements made following anesthesia induction, the study cohort was divided into two groups using a mPAP cutoff of 20 mmHg. The primary outcome was a composite of pulmonary complications. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to identify variables associated with the primary outcome. Sensitivity analyses of multivariable models were also conducted with other mPAP cutoffs (mPAP ≥ 25 mmHg and ≥ 35 mmHg) and even with mPAP as a continuous variable. RESULTS: Of 942 patients who underwent a LT, 659 met our inclusion criteria. Among them, 446 patients (67.7%) presented with an elevated mPAP (mPAP of 26.4 ± 5.9 mmHg). When adjusted for confounding factors, an elevated mPAP was not associated with a higher risk of pulmonary complications (adjusted OR: 1.16; 95%CI 0.8-1.7), nor with 90 days-mortality or any other complications. In our sensitivity analyses, we observed a lower prevalence of elevated mPAP when increasing thresholds (235 patients (35.7%) had an elevated mPAP when defined as ≥ 25 mmHg and 41 patients (6.2%) had an elevated mPAP when defined as ≥ 35 mmHg). We did not observe consistent association between a mPAP ≥ 25 mmHg or a mPAP ≥ 35 mmHg and our outcomes. CONCLUSION: Incidental finding of elevated mPAP was highly prevalent during LT, but it was not associated with a higher risk of postoperative complications.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Terminal , Hipertensão Pulmonar , Transplante de Fígado , Pressão Arterial , Doença Hepática Terminal/complicações , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/complicações , Hipertensão Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Achados Incidentais , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Artéria Pulmonar , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Circ Res ; 131(9): e102-e119, 2022 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36164973

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by progressive distal pulmonary artery (PA) obstruction, leading to right ventricular hypertrophy and failure. Exacerbated intracellular calcium (Ca2+) signaling contributes to abnormalities in PA smooth muscle cells (PASMCs), including aberrant proliferation, apoptosis resistance, exacerbated migration, and arterial contractility. Store-operated Ca2+ entry is involved in Ca2+ homeostasis in PASMCs, but its properties in PAH are unclear. METHODS: Using a combination of Ca2+ imaging, molecular biology, in vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo approaches, we investigated the roles of the Orai1 SOC channel in PA remodeling in PAH and determined the consequences of pharmacological Orai1 inhibition in vivo using experimental models of pulmonary hypertension (PH). RESULTS: Store-operated Ca2+ entry and Orai1 mRNA and protein were increased in human PASMCs (hPASMCs) from patients with PAH (PAH-hPASMCs). We found that MEK1/2 (mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 1/2), NFAT (nuclear factor of activated T cells), and NFκB (nuclear factor-kappa B) contribute to the upregulation of Orai1 expression in PAH-hPASMCs. Using small interfering RNA (siRNA) and Orai1 inhibitors, we found that Orai1 inhibition reduced store-operated Ca2+ entry, mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake, aberrant proliferation, apoptosis resistance, migration, and excessive calcineurin activity in PAH-hPASMCs. Orai1 inhibitors reduced agonist-evoked constriction in human PAs. In experimental rat models of PH evoked by chronic hypoxia, monocrotaline, or Sugen/hypoxia, administration of Orai1 inhibitors (N-{4-[3,5-bis(Trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]phenyl}-4-methyl-1,2,3-thiadiazole-5-carboxamide [BTP2], 4-(2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-[(pyridin-4-yl)methyl]aniline [JPIII], or 5J4) protected against PH. CONCLUSIONS: In human PAH and experimental PH, Orai1 expression and activity are increased. Orai1 inhibition normalizes the PAH-hPASMCs phenotype and attenuates PH in rat models. These results suggest that Orai1 should be considered as a relevant therapeutic target for PAH.


Assuntos
Compostos de Anilina , Hipertensão Pulmonar , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar , Tiadiazóis , Animais , Humanos , Ratos , Compostos de Anilina/uso terapêutico , Calcineurina/metabolismo , Cálcio/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/genética , Células Cultivadas , Hipertensão Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Hipóxia/metabolismo , MAP Quinase Quinase 1/metabolismo , Monocrotalina/toxicidade , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Proteína ORAI1 , Artéria Pulmonar/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Tiadiazóis/metabolismo
11.
Chest ; 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089068

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reduced daily life physical activity (DLPA) in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) contributes to a poor quality of life. RESEARCH QUESTION: Can actigraphy be used to assess changes in DLPA in patients with PAH receiving selexipag or placebo? STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Effect of Selexipag on Daily Life Physical Activity of Patients With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (TRACE) was a prospective, multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, exploratory phase 4 study enrolling patients with PAH in World Health Organization functional class II/III, receiving stable endothelin receptor antagonist with/without phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor background therapy. Primary end points were change from baseline to Week 24 in actigraphy-assessed DLPA (recorded by using an accelerometer), including daily time spent in nonsedentary physical activity (NSPA), daily time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity, daily volume of activity, and daily number of steps. RESULTS: At baseline, patients (N = 108) were prevalent, on stable background PAH therapy, and at low risk of disease progression. Patients showed high compliance with wear of the accelerometer throughout the study. From baseline to Week 24, mean daily time spent in NSPA increased by 1.1 min and decreased by 16.7 min in the selexipag and placebo groups (treatment difference [95% CI], 17.8 [-6.0, 41.6] min); mean time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity increased by 0.3 min and was reduced by 2.0 min in the selexipag and placebo groups (treatment difference [95% CI], 2.3 [-10.8, 15.4] min); and mean number of daily steps decreased by 0.3 and 201.9 in the selexipag and placebo groups (treatment difference [95% CI]: 201.6 [-243.0, 646.2]). INTERPRETATION: TRACE enrolled a prevalent population on background therapy and at low risk of disease progression. Changes in DLPA were small and highly variable, with no statistically significant differences between treatment groups. This patient-centric study was the first randomized trial in PAH to capture high-quality actigraphy data and to describe DLPA in terms of mean/median and variability, which may inform the design of future studies. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov; No.: NCT03078907; URL: www. CLINICALTRIALS: gov.

13.
Eur Respir J ; 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36041750

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In participants with pulmonary arterial hypertension, 24 weeks of sotatercept resulted in a significantly greater reduction from baseline in pulmonary vascular resistance than placebo. This report characterises the longer-term safety and efficacy of sotatercept in the PULSAR open-label extension. We report cumulative safety, and efficacy at months 18-24, for all participants treated with sotatercept. METHODS: PULSAR was a phase 2, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study followed by an open-label extension, which evaluated sotatercept on top of background pulmonary arterial hypertension therapy in adults. Participants originally randomised to placebo were re-randomised 1:1 to sotatercept 0.3 or 0.7 mg·kg-1 (placebo-crossed group); those initially randomised to sotatercept continued the same sotatercept dose (continued-sotatercept group). Safety was evaluated in all participants who received ≥1 dose of sotatercept. The primary efficacy endpoint was change from baseline to months 18-24 in pulmonary vascular resistance. Secondary endpoints included 6-min walk distance and functional class. Two prespecified analyses, placebo-crossed and delayed-start, evaluated efficacy irrespective of dose. RESULTS: Of 106 participants enrolled in the PULSAR study, 97 continued into the extension period. Serious treatment-emergent adverse events were reported in 32 (30.8%) participants; 10 (9.6%) reported treatment-emergent adverse events leading to study discontinuation. Three (2.9%) participants died, none considered related to study drug. The placebo-crossed group demonstrated significant improvement across primary and secondary endpoints and clinical efficacy was maintained in the continued-sotatercept group. CONCLUSION: These results support the longer-term safety and durability of clinical benefit of sotatercept for pulmonary arterial hypertension.

14.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35940550

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Outcome in patients with congenital heart diseases and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is closely related to right ventricular (RV) function. Two-dimensional echocardiographic parameters, such as strain imaging or RV end-systolic remodeling index (RVESRI) have emerged to quantify RV function. METHODS: We prospectively studied 30 patients aged 48±12 years with pretricuspid shunt and PAH and investigated the accuracy of multiple echocardiographic parameters of RV function (tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, tricuspid annular peak systolic velocity, RV systolic-to-diastolic duration ratio, right atrial area, RV fractional area change, RV global longitudinal strain and RVESRI) to RV ejection fraction measured by cardiac magnetic resonance. RESULTS: RV ejection fraction <45% was observed in 13 patients (43.3%). RV global longitudinal strain (ρ [Spearman's correlation coefficient]=-0.75; P=.001; R2=0.58; P=.001), right atrium area (ρ=-0.74; P <.0001; R2=0.56; P <.0001), RVESRI (ρ=-0.64; P <.0001; R2=0.47; P <.0001), systolic-to-diastolic duration ratio (ρ=-0.62; P=.0004; R2=0.47; P <.0001) and RV fractional area change (ρ=0.48; P=.01; R2=0.37; P <.0001) were correlated with RV ejection fraction. RV global longitudinal strain, RVESRI and right atrium area predicted RV ejection fraction <45% with the greatest area under curve (0.88; 95%CI, 0.71-1.00; 0.88; 95%CI, 0.76-1.00, and 0.89; 95%CI, 0.77-1.00, respectively). RV global longitudinal strain >-16%, RVESRI ≥ 1.7 and right atrial area ≥ 22 cm2 predicted RV ejection fraction <45% with a sensitivity and specificity of 87.5% and 85.7%; 76.9% and 88.3%; 92.3% and 82.4%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: RVESRI, right atrial area and RV global longitudinal strain are strong markers of RV dysfunction in patients with pretricuspid shunt and PAH.

16.
Am J Transplant ; 22(12): 2990-3001, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35988032

RESUMO

In patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) complicating classical or amyopathic idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM), lung transplantation outcomes might be affected by the disease and treatments. Here, our objective was to assess survival and prognostic factors in lung transplant recipients with IIM-ILD. We retrospectively reviewed data for 64 patients who underwent lung transplantation between 2009 and 2021 at 19 European centers. Patient survival was the primary outcome. At transplantation, the median age was 53 [46-59] years, 35 (55%) patients were male, 31 (48%) had classical IIM, 25 (39%) had rapidly progressive ILD, and 21 (33%) were in a high-priority transplant allocation program. Survival rates after 1, 3, and 5 years were 78%, 73%, and 70%, respectively. During follow-up (median, 33 [7-63] months), 23% of patients developed chronic lung allograft dysfunction. Compared to amyopathic IIM, classical IIM was characterized by longer disease duration, higher-intensity immunosuppression before transplantation, and significantly worse posttransplantation survival. Five (8%) patients had a clinical IIM relapse, with mild manifestations. No patient experienced ILD recurrence in the allograft. Posttransplantation survival in IIM-ILD was similar to that in international all-cause-transplantation registries. The main factor associated with worse survival was a history of muscle involvement (classical IIM). In lung transplant recipients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathy, survival was similar to that in all-cause transplantation and was worse in patients with muscle involvement compared to those with the amyopathic disease.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Transplante de Pulmão , Miosite , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Miosite/cirurgia , Miosite/complicações , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/cirurgia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Transplante de Pulmão/efeitos adversos
18.
Lancet Respir Med ; 10(10): 961-971, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926542

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Riociguat and balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) are treatment options for inoperable chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). However, randomised controlled trials comparing these treatments are lacking. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of BPA versus riociguat in patients with inoperable CTEPH. METHODS: In this phase 3, multicentre, open-label, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial done in 23 French centres of expertise for pulmonary hypertension, we enrolled treatment-naive patients aged 18-80 years with newly diagnosed, inoperable CTEPH and pulmonary vascular resistance of more than 320 dyn·s/cm5. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to BPA or riociguat via a web-based randomisation system, with block randomisation (block sizes of two or four patients) without stratification. The primary endpoint was change in pulmonary vascular resistance at week 26, expressed as percentage of baseline pulmonary vascular resistance in the intention-to-treat population. Safety analyses were done in all patients who received at least one dose of riociguat or had at least one BPA session. Patients who completed the RACE trial continued into an ancillary 26-week follow-up during which symptomatic patients with pulmonary vascular resistance of more than 320 dyn·s/cm5 benefited from add-on riociguat after BPA or add-on BPA after riociguat. This trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02634203, and is completed. FINDINGS: Between Jan 19, 2016, and Jan 18, 2019, 105 patients were randomly assigned to riociguat (n=53) or BPA (n=52). At week 26, the geometric mean pulmonary vascular resistance decreased to 39·9% (95% CI 36·2-44·0) of baseline pulmonary vascular resistance in the BPA group and 66·7% (60·5-73·5) of baseline pulmonary vascular resistance in the riociguat group (ratio of geometric means 0·60, 95% CI 0·52-0·69; p<0·0001). Treatment-related serious adverse events occurred in 22 (42%) of 52 patients in the BPA group and five (9%) of 53 patients in the riociguat group. The most frequent treatment-related serious adverse events were lung injury (18 [35%] of 52 patients) in the BPA group and severe hypotension with syncope (two [4%] of 53 patients) in the riociguat group. There were no treatment-related deaths. At week 52, a similar reduction in pulmonary vascular resistance was observed in patients treated with first-line riociguat or first-line BPA (ratio of geometric means 0·91, 95% CI 0·79-1·04). The incidence of BPA-related serious adverse events was lower in patients who were pretreated with riociguat (five [14%] of 36 patients vs 22 [42%] of 52 patients). INTERPRETATION: At week 26, pulmonary vascular resistance reduction was more pronounced with BPA than with riociguat, but treatment-related serious adverse events were more common with BPA. The finding of fewer BPA-related serious adverse events among patients who were pretreated with riociguat in the follow-up study compared with those who received BPA as first-line treatment points to the potential benefits of a multimodality approach to treatment in patients with inoperable CTEPH. Further studies are needed to explore the effects of sequential treatment combining one or two medications and BPA in patients with inoperable CTEPH. FUNDING: Programme Hospitalier de Recherche Clinique of the French Ministry of Health and Bayer HealthCare. TRANSLATION: For the French translation of the abstract see Supplementary Materials section.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão , Hipertensão Pulmonar , Embolia Pulmonar , Angioplastia/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Doença Crônica , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/complicações , Embolia Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Pirazóis , Pirimidinas , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Hypertension ; 79(10): 2262-2273, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35979822

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We studied the ability of the nonsteroidal MR (mineralocorticoid receptor) antagonist finerenone to attenuate vascular remodeling and pulmonary hypertension using two complementary preclinical models (the monocrotaline and sugen/hypoxia rat models) of severe pulmonary hypertension. METHODS: We first examined the distribution pattern of MR in the lungs of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and in monocrotaline and sugen/hypoxia rat lungs. Subsequent studies were performed to explore the effect of MR inhibition on proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells derived from patients with idiopathic PAH. To validate the functional importance of MR activation in the pulmonary vascular remodeling characteristic of pulmonary hypertension, mice overexpressing human MR (hMR+) were studied, and curative treatments with finerenone (1 mg/kg per day by gavage), started 2 weeks after monocrotaline injection or 5 weeks after Sugen injection were realized. RESULTS: We demonstrated that MR is overexpressed in experimental and human PAH and that its inhibition following small interfering RNA-mediated MR silencing or finerenone treatment attenuates proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells derived from patients with idiopathic PAH. In addition, we obtained evidence that hMR+ mice display increased right ventricular systolic pressure, right ventricular hypertrophy, and remodeling of pulmonary arterioles. Consistent with these observations, curative treatments with finerenone partially reversed established pulmonary hypertension, reducing total pulmonary vascular resistance and vascular remodeling. Finally, we found that continued finerenone treatment decreases inflammatory cell infiltration and vascular cell proliferation in monocrotaline and sugen/hypoxia rat lungs. CONCLUSIONS: Finerenone treatment appears to be a potential therapy for PAH worthy of investigation and evaluation for clinical use in conjunction with current PAH treatments.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar , Animais , Proliferação de Células , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Hipóxia , Camundongos , Antagonistas de Receptores de Mineralocorticoides/farmacologia , Antagonistas de Receptores de Mineralocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Monocrotalina/farmacologia , Naftiridinas , Artéria Pulmonar , Ratos , Receptores de Mineralocorticoides , Remodelação Vascular
20.
Eur Respir Rev ; 31(165)2022 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35831007

RESUMO

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is known to complicate various forms of interstitial lung disease (ILD), including idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, the interstitial pneumonias and chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Pathogenesis of PH-ILD remains incompletely understood, and probably has overlap with other forms of pre-capillary pulmonary hypertension. PH-ILD carries a poor prognosis, and is associated with increased oxygen requirements, and a decline in functional capacity and exercise tolerance. Despite most patients having mild-moderate pulmonary hypertension, more severe pulmonary hypertension and signs of right heart failure are observed in a subset of cases. Clinical suspicion and findings on pulmonary function, computed tomography and echocardiography are often the initial steps towards diagnosis. Definitive diagnosis is obtained by right heart catheterisation demonstrating pre-capillary pulmonary hypertension. Drugs approved for pulmonary arterial hypertension have been investigated in several randomised controlled trials in PH-ILD patients, leading to discouraging results until the recent INCREASE study. This review provides an overview of the current understanding, approach to diagnosis and recent advances in treatment.


Assuntos
Alveolite Alérgica Extrínseca , Hipertensão Pulmonar , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/tratamento farmacológico
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