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1.
Chemistry ; 22(30): 10620-6, 2016 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27346677

RESUMO

Herein, mesoporous sodium vanadium phosphate nanoparticles with highly sp(2) -coordinated carbon coatings (meso-Na3 V2 (PO4 )3 /C) were successfully synthesized as efficient cathode material for rechargeable sodium-ion batteries by using ascorbic acid as both the reductant and carbon source, followed by calcination at 750 °C in an argon atmosphere. Their crystalline structure, morphology, surface area, chemical composition, carbon nature and amount were systematically explored. Following electrochemical measurements, the resultant meso-Na3 V2 (PO4 )3 /C not only delivered good reversible capacity (98 mAh g(-1) at 0.1 A g(-1) ) and superior rate capability (63 mAh g(-1) at 1 A g(-1) ) but also exhibited comparable cycling performance (capacity retention: ≈74 % at 450 cycles at 0.4 A g(-1) ). Moreover, the symmetrical sodium-ion full cell with excellent reversibility and cycling stability was also achieved (capacity retention: 92.2 % at 0.1 A g(-1) with 99.5 % coulombic efficiency after 100 cycles). These attributes are ascribed to the distinctive mesostructure for facile sodium-ion insertion/extraction and their continuous sp(2) -coordinated carbon coatings, which facilitate electronic conduction.

2.
Chemistry ; 21(44): 15686-91, 2015 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26350587

RESUMO

Herein, potential-tunable Na2 Ni1-x Cux Fe(CN)6 nanoparticles with three-dimensional frameworks and large interstitial spaces were synthesized as alternative cathode materials for aqueous sodium-ion batteries by controlling the molar ratio of Ni(II) to Cu(II) at ambient temperature. The influence of the value of x on the crystalline structure, lattice parameters, electrochemical properties, and charge transfer of the resultant compound was explored by using powder X-ray diffractometry, density functional theory, cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge-discharge techniques, and Bader charge analysis. Of the various formulations investigated, that with x=0.25 delivered the highest reversible capacity, superior rate capability, and outstanding cycling performance. These attributes are ascribed to its unique face-centered cubic structure for facile sodium-ion insertion/extraction and the strong interactions between Cu and N atoms, which promote structural stability.

3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 7(22): 12038-46, 2015 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25984925

RESUMO

The development of Li-O2 battery electrocatalysts has been extensively explored recently. The Co3O4 oxide has attracted much attention because of its bifunctional activity and high abundance. In the present study, toxic Co(2+) has been replaced through the substitution on the tetrahedral spinel A site ions with environmental friendly metals (Mn(2+), Fe(2+), Ni(2+), and Zn(2+)), and porous nanorod structure are formed. Among these spinel MCo2O4 cathodes, the FeCo2O4 surface has the highest Co(3+) ratio. Thus, oxygen can be easily adsorbed onto the active sites. In addition, Fe(2+) in the tetrahedral site can easily release electrons to reduce oxygen and oxidize to half electron filled Fe(3+). The FeCo2O4 cathode exhibits the highest discharging plateau and lowest charging plateau as shown by the charge-discharge profile. Moreover, the porous FeCo2O4 nanorods can also facilitate achieving high capacity and good cycling performance, which are beneficial for O2 diffusion channels and Li2O2 formation/decomposition pathways.

4.
Nanoscale ; 5(24): 12115-9, 2013 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24150659

RESUMO

This study reports the successful synthesis of ternary spinel-based ZnCo2O4 nanoflakes (NFs) with mesoporous architectures via the combination of a urea-assisted hydrothermal reaction with calcination in an air atmosphere. Owing to their favorable mesostructures and desirable bifunctional oxygen reduction and evolution activities, the resulting mesoporous ZnCo2O4 NFs yielded stable cyclability at a cut-off capacity of 500 mA h gcarbon(-1) in the case of aprotic Li-O2 batteries.

5.
Nanoscale ; 5(6): 2254-8, 2013 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23400049

RESUMO

A series of rutile-type (Ti,Sn)O2 solid solutions with nanorod architecture were successfully synthesized in this study by varying their calcination temperatures of tin-modified titanium dioxide (Sn/TiO2) nanocomposites under a nitrogen atmosphere. During the delithiation process, the (Ti,Sn)O2 nanorods obtained at 500 °C delivered a specific capacity of about 300 mA h g(-1) and showed minimal capacity fading even at a high current density of 3 A g(-1).


Assuntos
Lítio/química , Nanotubos/química , Estanho/química , Titânio/química , Nanotubos/ultraestrutura
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