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J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 102: 103490, 2019 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31877512


Mechanical failure of zirconia-based full-arch implant-supported fixed dental prostheses (FAFDPs) remains a critical issue in prosthetic dentistry. The option of full-arch implant treatment and the biomechanical behaviour within a sophisticated screw-retained prosthetic structure have stimulated considerable interest in fundamental and clinical research. This study aimed to analyse the biomechanical responses of zirconia-based FAFDPs with different implant configurations (numbers and distributions), thereby predicting the possible failure sites and the optimum configuration from biomechanical aspect by using finite element method (FEM). Five 3D finite element (FE) models were constructed with patient-specific heterogeneous material properties of mandibular bone. The results were reported using volume-averaged von-Mises stresses (σVMVA) to eliminate numerical singularities. It was found that wider placement of multi-unit copings was preferred as it reduces the cantilever effect on denture. Within the limited areas of implant insertion, the adoption of angled multi-unit abutments allowed the insertion of oblique implants in the bone and wider distribution of the multi-unit copings in the prosthesis, leading to lower stress concentration on both mandibular bone and prosthetic components. Increasing the number of supporting implants in a FAFDPs reduced loading on each implant, although it may not necessarily reduce the stress concentration in the most posterior locations significantly. Overall, the 6-implant configuration was a preferable configuration as it provided the most balanced mechanical performance in this patient-specific case.

J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 89: 150-161, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30286374


OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to develop a simple and efficient numerical modeling approach for characterizing strain and total strain energy in bone scaffolds implanted in patient-specific anatomical sites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A simplified homogenization technique was developed to substitute a detailed scaffold model with the same size and equivalent orthotropic material properties. The effectiveness of the proposed modeling approach was compared with two other common homogenization methods based on periodic boundary conditions and the Hills-energy theorem. Moreover, experimental digital image correlation (DIC) measurements of full-field surface strain were conducted to validate the numerical results. RESULTS: The newly proposed simplified homogenization approach allowed for fairly accurate prediction of strain and total strain energy in tissue scaffolds implanted in a large femur mid-shaft bone defect subjected to a simulated in-vivo loading condition. The maximum discrepancy between the total strain energy obtained from the simplified homogenization approach and the one obtained from detailed porous scaffolds was 8.8%. Moreover, the proposed modeling technique could significantly reduce the computational cost (by about 300 times) required for simulating an in-vivo bone scaffolding scenario as the required degrees of freedom (DoF) was reduced from about 26 million for a detailed porous scaffold to only 90,000 for the homogenized solid counterpart in the analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The simplified homogenization approach has been validated by correlation with the experimental DIC measurements. It is fairly efficient and comparable with some other common homogenization techniques in terms of accuracy. The proposed method is implicating to different clinical applications, such as the optimal selection of patient-specific fixation plates and screw system.

Osso e Ossos/citologia , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Estresse Mecânico , Tecidos Suporte , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Fêmur/citologia , Modelos Biológicos , Porosidade