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Food Chem ; 386: 132717, 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35344721


The objective of this study was to examine the bioactivity of extracts from apple pomace obtained by non-conventional green extraction methods (DES systems). Bioactivity was antioxidant capacity and ability to stimulate insulin secretion from pancreatic beta-cells. The antioxidant capacity of extracts was examined using the DPPH and the FRAP assay. Impact of the extracts on cell viability and insulin secretion were examined using the BRIN-BD11 cell line. ChCl:EG(1:4) extracts resulted in high antioxidant capacity in the DPPH assay (80.1% inhibition versus 11.3%). Extracts obtained from the classical systems demonstrated an ability to promote insulin secretion significantly higher than the positive control, p < 0.05. ChCl:EG(1:4) extracts stimulated insulin secretion to a lesser extent. Overall, the data provides evidence for the potential of DES systems to extract bioactive compounds from apple pomace that have relevance for metabolic health. Further optimisation of the extraction procedures should be tailored to the desired bioactive properties.

Malus , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Solventes Eutéticos Profundos , Malus/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Solventes/química
ChemMedChem ; 14(6): 686-698, 2019 03 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30600908


Selective and potent matrix metalloproteinase 12 (MMP-12) inhibitors endowed with improved hydrophilicity are highly sought for potential use in the treatment of lung and cardiovascular diseases. In the present paper, we modified the structure of a nanomolar MMP-12 inhibitor by incorporating an ionic liquid (IL) moiety to improve aqueous solubility. Four biologically active salts were obtained by linking the sulfonamide moiety of the MMP-12 inhibitor to imidazolium-, pyrrolidinium-, piperidinium-, and DABCO-based ILs. The imidazolium-based bioactive salt was tested on human recombinant MMPs and on monocyte-derived dendritic cells, showing activity similar to that of the parent compound, but improved water solubility. The imidazolium-based bioactive salt was then used to prepare electrostatically stabilized MMP inhibitor-coated gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) able to selectively bind MMP-12. These AuNPs were used to study subcellular localization of MMP-12 in monocyte-derived dendritic cells by transmission electron microscopy analysis.

Ouro/química , Líquidos Iônicos , Inibidores de Metaloproteinases de Matriz/farmacologia , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas
Nanotechnology ; 25(20): 205601, 2014 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24785358


The crystal structure of GaP nanowires grown by Au-assisted chemical beam epitaxy was investigated as a function of group V flux and growth temperature. By increasing the tertiarybutyl phosphine flux we obtained nanowires with a stacking defect-free wurtzite crystal structure. Variation of growth temperature also had a profound impact on the crystal structure. Lowering the growth temperature from 600 to 560 °C and keeping constant both triethylgallium and tertiarybutyl phosphine precursor fluxes, the crystal structure of GaP NWs was drastically improved from a highly defective intergrowth of zinc-blende and wurtzite to a wurtzite crystal structure free of stacking defects. These results are compared to current literature on GaP NW growth, and we suggest that the low V/III ratio is the key ingredient for the high crystal quality of our GaP nanowires.