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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e247018, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1285617

RESUMO

Abstract The Rufous treepie (Dendrocitta vagabunda) belongs to family corvidae, order Passeriformes which includes about 100 species. The current study was conducted to gather information about the Population distribution and habitat analysis of D. vagabunda at District Abbottabad, Pakistan. The data were collected on monthly basis both morning and evening times (2018-2019). "The ''Point count Method" was used for population estimation and ''Quadrates Method" for habitat analysis of study area. The result shows an average month-wise population density of D. vagabunda was maximum at Jhangra 0.14±0.039/ha, whereas minimum at Havelian 0.11±0.022/ha. There was no significant difference (p>0.05) among monthly population densities of D. vagabunda, however, a significant difference (p<0.05) was found between morning and evening times population of the specie. The present study revealed that importance value index (IVI) of plants species at Sherwan, Bakot, Havelian, Langra and Jhangra were 59.6±12.6, 50.1±6.9, 53.4±6.3, 66.8±10 and 60.1±7.7. Likewise, the frequency of shrubs at Sherwan, Bakot, Havelian, Langra and Jhangra were 33.3±4.2, 45±9.4, 46.7±8.2, 55.6±22.2 and 37.5±8.5. Similarly, the frequency of herbs at Sherwan, Bakot, Havelian, Langra and Jhangra were 40.4±6.0, 37.5±5.6, 53.3±7.4, 48.5±5.2 and 46.9±7.4 respectively. Our results show the study area as suitable habitat for D. vagabunda.


Resumo A trepadeira Rufous (Dendrocitta vagabunda) pertence à família corvidae, ordem Passeriformes que inclui cerca de 100 espécies. O estudo atual foi realizado para reunir informações sobre a distribuição da população e análise do habitat de D. vagabunda no distrito de Abbottabad, Paquistão. Os dados foram coletados mensalmente pela manhã e à noite (2018-2019). O "método de contagem de pontos" foi usado para estimativa da população e o "método dos quadrados" para análise de habitat da área de estudo. O resultado mostra que uma densidade populacional média mensal de D. vagabunda foi máxima em Jhangra 0,14 ± 0,039 / ha, enquanto a mínima em Havelian 0,11 ± 0,022/ha. Não houve diferença significativa (p> 0,05) entre as densidades populacionais mensais de D. vagabunda, entretanto foi encontrada diferença significativa (p <0,05) entre os períodos matutino e noturno da população da espécie. O presente estudo revelou que o índice de valor de importância (IVI) das espécies de plantas em Sherwan, Bakot, Havelian, Langra e Jhangra foi de: 59,6 ± 12,6, 50,1 ± 6,9, 53,4 ± 6,3, 66,8 ± 10 e 60,1 ± 7,7. Da mesma forma, a frequência de arbustos em Sherwan, Bakot, Havelian, Langra e Jhangra foi de: 33,3 ± 4,2, 45 ± 9,4, 46,7 ± 8,2, 55,6 ± 22,2 e 37,5 ± 8,5. Da mesma forma, a frequência de ervas em Sherwan, Bakot, Havelian, Langra e Jhangra foi: 40,4 ± 6,0, 37,5 ± 5,6, 53,3 ± 7,4, 48,5 ± 5,2 e 46,9 ± 7,4, respectivamente. Nossos resultados mostram a área de estudo como habitat adequado para D. vagabunda.

2.
Trop Biomed ; 38(3): 318-326, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508339

RESUMO

The objectives of this study were to investigate the prevalence and associated risk factors for gastrointestinal (GI) parasites in buffaloes from various areas of Sarawak, and to assess current management practices of GI parasites among farmers. Faecal samples were collected from 15 farms and 129 animals, as well as data on farm and animal-based characteristics. A total of 129 faecal samples were examined for GI parasites using a modified McMaster and sedimentation. Association between potential risk factors and the prevalence of GI parasites was investigated using Chi-square statistic. The prevalence of Paramphistomum sp., strongyles, and coccidia were 75.2% (95% CI±7.5), 52.7% (95% CI±8.6) and 48.1% (95% CI±8.6), respectively. Farms which had a grazing area less than 50 acres in size had significantly higher prevalence of strongyles (70.5%, χ2 = 8.34, P = 0.004) and paramphistomes (88.6%, χ2 = 6.46, P = 0.01) relative to farms with a larger grazing area (43.5% and 68.2%, respectively). Prevalence of strongyles was lower in farms that did not implement a cut- and-carry system (45.6%, χ2 = 4.17, P = 0.04) in comparison to those that did (64%). The prevalence of paramphistomes was higher on farms with more than 40 animals (80.6%, χ2 = 3.18, P = 0.05) relative to farms with fewer animals. The majority of farmers surveyed (67.9%) showed awareness of GI parasite infection and reported that they recognized the associated symptoms. Most farmers practised deworming, and ivermectin was the most commonly used anthelminthic (60.4%); only 1.9% of farmers used albendazole. Overall this study revealed a high prevalence of GI parasites in buffalo in Sarawak. Although farmers report they are aware of parasitic diseases, further education is still required. This could include how they can successfully implement on-farm changes to reduce the prevalence of GI parasites in their herds.

3.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e247018, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34431914

RESUMO

The Rufous treepie (Dendrocitta vagabunda) belongs to family corvidae, order Passeriformes which includes about 100 species. The current study was conducted to gather information about the Population distribution and habitat analysis of D. vagabunda at District Abbottabad, Pakistan. The data were collected on monthly basis both morning and evening times (2018-2019). "The ''Point count Method" was used for population estimation and ''Quadrates Method" for habitat analysis of study area. The result shows an average month-wise population density of D. vagabunda was maximum at Jhangra 0.14±0.039/ha, whereas minimum at Havelian 0.11±0.022/ha. There was no significant difference (p>0.05) among monthly population densities of D. vagabunda, however, a significant difference (p<0.05) was found between morning and evening times population of the specie. The present study revealed that importance value index (IVI) of plants species at Sherwan, Bakot, Havelian, Langra and Jhangra were 59.6±12.6, 50.1±6.9, 53.4±6.3, 66.8±10 and 60.1±7.7. Likewise, the frequency of shrubs at Sherwan, Bakot, Havelian, Langra and Jhangra were 33.3±4.2, 45±9.4, 46.7±8.2, 55.6±22.2 and 37.5±8.5. Similarly, the frequency of herbs at Sherwan, Bakot, Havelian, Langra and Jhangra were 40.4±6.0, 37.5±5.6, 53.3±7.4, 48.5±5.2 and 46.9±7.4 respectively. Our results show the study area as suitable habitat for D. vagabunda.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Animais , Paquistão , Densidade Demográfica
4.
Prev Vet Med ; 195: 105463, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34416653

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to compare the impact of the functional hoof trimming (HT) method to an adaptation that results in increased modelling of the weight bearing claw on time to lameness and lesion prevalence in housed dairy cows. A total of 418 non-lame cows at early and late lactation were enrolled in the study and randomly allocated into 3 groups: functional HT (TRIM1), adaptation method (TRIM2), and an untrimmed group (CON). Locomotion scores (LS; 5-point scale) and animal-based welfare measures were assessed monthly from enrolment until the following 270 days in milk. Cows were considered lame when 2 consecutive LS = 3, or any assessment with a score of 4 or 5. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to evaluate the difference in time to lameness between the groups. Multivariable CC Cox regression models were fitted to assess associations between covariates and time to lameness event, while associated factors for lesion prevalence were estimated using logistic regression models. The incidence rate of lameness was 29.3 cases/100/month, with corresponding rates of 28.7, 15.8 and 42.8 cases/100/months, in TRIM1, TRIM2 and CON, respectively. Time to first lameness event was higher in TRIM2 (mean ± S.E; 8.26 ± 0.16, P = 0.03) than CON (7.32 ± 0.2) and tended to be higher than TRIM1 (7.83 ± 0.19; P = 0.07). The risk of new lameness event was higher in cows with low BCS (≤2.5) (Hazard ratio; HR = 1.5; 95 % CI 1.1-2.1), while trimming all feet was a protective factor (HR = 0.58; 95 % CI 0.38-0.90). The prevalence of hoof lesions in the study population was 36.3 %, with the highest prevalence in CON (45.6 %), followed by TRIM1 (34.6 %) and TRIM2 (28.1 %). Seventy-eight per cent of hoof lesions were non-infectious and the majority of cows with hoof lesion in TRIM1 (72.3 %), CON (74.6 %) and TRIM2 (55.6 %) were lame. The odds of having a non-infectious hoof lesion were higher in CON (OR = 2.1; 95 % CI 1.2-3.7) compared to TRIM2, and in cows with hock injury (OR = 3.1; 95 % 1.1-9.7) relative to healthy hock, and tended to be higher in cows with low BCS (P = 0.09) relative to those with moderate BCS. Our results suggest that the adaptation to the functional method reduced the risk of lameness during lactation, however, proper management of under-conditioned cows is equally important.

5.
Cancer Lett ; 505: 24-36, 2021 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617947

RESUMO

The NAD+-dependent deacetylase, Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is involved in prostate cancer pathogenesis. However, the actual contribution is unclear as some reports propose a protective role while others suggest it is harmful. We provide evidence for a contextual role for SIRT1 in prostate cancer. Our data show that (i) mice orthotopically implanted with SIRT1-silenced LNCaP cells produced smaller tumors; (ii) SIRT1 suppression mimicked AR inhibitory effects in hormone responsive LNCaP cells; and (iii) caused significant reduction in gene signatures associated with E2F and MYC targets in AR-null PC-3 and E2F and mTORC1 signaling in castrate-resistant ARv7 positive 22Rv1 cells. Our findings further show increased nuclear SIRT1 (nSIRT1) protein under androgen-depleted relative to androgen-replete conditions in prostate cancer cell lines. Silencing SIRT1 resulted in decreased recruitment of AR to PSA enhancer selectively under androgen-deprivation conditions. Prostate cancer outcome data show that patients with higher levels of nSIRT1 progress to advanced disease relative to patients with low nSIRT1 levels. Collectively, we demonstrate that lowering SIRT1 levels potentially provides new avenues to effectively prevent prostate cancer recurrence.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Receptores Androgênicos/fisiologia , Sirtuína 1/fisiologia , Idoso , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Orquiectomia , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
6.
Prev Vet Med ; 184: 105163, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038612

RESUMO

Lameness is a major welfare issue in dairy cows. This study was aimed at investigating the cow- and herd -level factors associated with lameness in dairy farms from four states in Peninsular Malaysia. The study population was 1001 lactating cows from 28 dairy farms located in Selangor (n = 9), Perak (n = 8), Negeri Sembilan (n = 6) and Johor (n = 5). Lameness was assessed by locomotion scoring. Individual cow characteristics such as breeds, parity, body condition score (BCS), hock condition, leg hygiene, presence of claw lesion and claw overgrowth were recorded. Data on herd characteristics, management practices and housing design were collected by on-farm inspection and farmers' interview. Mixed-eff ;ects logistic regressions were used to model the data and to assess the factors associated with lameness. Cow-level lameness prevalence was 34.2 % (95 % CI 22.2-50.0 %), with all the farms having at least one case of lameness. Claw lesions were recorded in 470 cows (46.9 %; CI 33.3-63.3 %) of which 296 (62.9 %) of them were lame. Of these, 78.9 % of the lesions were present on the rear feet and 25.5% of the cows had more than one foot affected. The proportion of cows having non-infectious and infectious claw lesions were 81.9 % and 18.1 %, and the predominant claw lesions were sole ulcers (24.9 %), white line disease (19.6 %), sole haemorrhage (10.2%), swelling of coronet (9.6 %), toe ulcers (8.4 %), and digital dermatitis (5.6%). Cows at third or more parities had higher odds of lameness (OR = 2.2; 95 % CI 1.2-4.1) compared to primiparous cows. Low BCS (< 2.5) increased the odds of lameness (OR = 4.8; 95 % CI 2.9-7.9) relative to cows with moderate BCS, and cows with hair loss around the hock (OR = 1.4; 95 % CI 1.1-1.9) relative to those with normal hock condition. Greater odds of being lame was observed in cows having claw lesion (OR = 15.2; 95 % CI 10.4-19.2) and those with overgrown claw (OR = 3.3; 95 % CI 2.4-4.5). There was increased odds of lameness in farms with high stocking density (OR = 1.8; 95 % CI 1.1-3.1), concrete floored walkways (OR = 1.9; 95 % CI 1.0-3.6), dirty floors (OR = 2.3; 95 % CI 1.9-3.7), and practicing preventive claw trimming (OR = 2.3; 95 % CI 1.9-4.6). Based on the high lameness prevalence, these findings could assist dairy farmers to make informed decisions on areas to implement on-farm changes to reduce lameness in the studied herds.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia , Indústria de Laticínios , Doenças do Pé/veterinária , Coxeadura Animal/epidemiologia , Animais , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/etiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Doenças do Pé/epidemiologia , Doenças do Pé/etiologia , Incidência , Coxeadura Animal/etiologia , Malásia/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
7.
Trop Biomed ; 37(3): 542-550, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33612769

RESUMO

Toxoplasma gondii, a zoonotic protozoan that has a worldwide distribution, is known to infect many warm-blooded vertebrates. The feline species including domestic cats are the definitive hosts for Toxoplama gondii and shed the infective oocyst. There is lack of information on the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in cats in Malaysia. The objective of this study was to determine both the seroprevalence of T. gondii and the prevalence of T. gondii DNA in cats' feces in Klang Valley, Malaysia. 198 blood and 201 fecal samples were collected from pet and stray cats from the local council, Dewan Bandaraya Kuala Lumpur (DBKL) and University Veterinary Hospital, Universiti Putra Malaysia respectively. The overall seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in cats in the Klang Valley was found to be 5.5%. There was a high prevalence (10.5%) of T. gondii DNA detected in the cat fecal samples in both pet and stray cats suggestive of T. gondii oocyst shedding. Stray cats showed a higher seroprevalence and molecular prevalence of T. gondii than the pet cats. However, comparative analysis using Chi-square test showed no significant difference between both groups (P>0.05). Higher prevalence (10.5%) of cats shedding T. gondii DNA as compared to the seroprevalence (5.5%) was found in the cat population in the Klang Valley. The high prevalence of cats shedding T. gondii DNA is alarming as this may directly reflect the number of oocysts excreted into the environment posing a significant public health hazard.


Assuntos
Gatos/parasitologia , Toxoplasma/isolamento & purificação , Toxoplasmose Animal/epidemiologia , Animais , Animais Selvagens , Doenças do Gato/epidemiologia , Doenças do Gato/parasitologia , Estudos Transversais , DNA de Protozoário/isolamento & purificação , Fezes/parasitologia , Malásia/epidemiologia , Animais de Estimação , Prevalência , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos
8.
Trop Biomed ; 37(3): 756-762, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33612788

RESUMO

Tritrichomonas foetus is known to cause chronic diarrhea in the feline species in many different regions of the world. However, there is a paucity of information on T. foetus among cats in Malaysia. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Tritrichomonas foetus in the pet and stray cat population in Klang Valley, Malaysia. A total of 201 pet and stray cats' fecal samples were collected in Klang Valley. 24 samples were cultured in the InPouch® TF Feline to observe for motile trophozoites. A nested PCR protocol was used to screen for T. foetus in the collected samples. The prevalence of T. foetus in the cat population in Klang Valley was 33%. There was no association between Tritrichomonas infection and age, sex, breed or management of the cats. However, statistical analysis revealed that stray cats were more likely to be infected with T. foetus compared to pet cats. This study confirmed for the first time the presence of T. foetus among the cat population in Klang Valley, Malaysia.


Assuntos
Gatos/parasitologia , Infecções Protozoárias em Animais/epidemiologia , Tritrichomonas foetus/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Animais Selvagens , Doenças do Gato/epidemiologia , Doenças do Gato/parasitologia , Diarreia/parasitologia , Diarreia/veterinária , Fezes/parasitologia , Feminino , Malásia , Masculino , Animais de Estimação , Prevalência
9.
Br J Dermatol ; 180(6): 1284, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31157425
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30123795

RESUMO

The purpose of this article is to provide information on the history, accomplishments, and future direction of the Bt brinjal (eggplant) program in Bangladesh, formerly under the Agricultural Biotechnology Support Project II, now the South Asia Eggplant Improvement Partnership (SAEIP). The India-based Maharashtra Hybrid Seed Company (Mahyco) developed an eggplant expressing Cry1Ac (EE-1) for control of the eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB). In a partnership among Mahyco, USAID, Sathguru Management Consultants and Cornell University EE-1 was provided to the Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI) who bred it into local varieties. After regulatory approval, four varieties were distributed to 20 farmers who harvested Bt brinjal in 2014. Adoption in subsequent years has increased rapidly so that, in 2018, 27,012 farmers used this technology. This article provides background information on the process leading up to current adoption levels, the level of control of EFSB achieved and the economic benefits of Bt brinjal. Efforts on stewardship, farmer training and communication are discussed. In order to ensure the long-term future of the partnership, we discuss the need to enhance involvement of the private sector in the production and stewardship of Bt eggplant. Bt brinjal is the first genetically engineered crop to be commercially released in Bangladesh, and other GE crops are in the pipeline. Hence, success of the Bt brinjal partnership is likely to affect the future of other GE crops in Bangladesh, as well as other parts of the world where biotechnology is needed for food security and environmental safety.

11.
Prev Vet Med ; 156: 76-83, 2018 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29891148

RESUMO

The increasing public health problem of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has been linked to the extensive antimicrobial use (AMU) in food animals. We conducted a survey among ruminant farmers in Selangor, Malaysia to assess their level of awareness on AMR, attitudes towards AMU, and determinants that influence their practices. The survey was developed in English and Malay, validated, and administered to ruminant farmers in Selangor. A total of 84 farmers (response rate of 55%) completed the structured questionnaire. They appeared to be little aware of AMR and the impact on animals and public health. Indications of inappropriate AMU include their misconception on conditions requiring antibiotic therapy and easy accessibility to antibiotics. More than 70% (60/84) of the respondents believed that all sick animals need to be given antimicrobials. Half of the farmers especially those involved in the production of small and large ruminants; namely mixed ruminant farmers (MRF) (63%, 31/49) indicated that antimicrobials do not have any side effects in animals. Sixty-four percent (54/84) of the farmers have stored antimicrobials in their farms of which the practice was more common (P = 0.02) among the MRF compared to the single ruminant farmers (SRF). Although most of the farmers felt good farm biosecurity will help reduce AMU, they were indifferent regarding using antimicrobials only when prescribed by a veterinarian and non-storage of antimicrobials for later uses. Farmers with larger herd size (>100 animals/herd) and few years of farming experience agreed more to the suggestions about their role and that of veterinarians respectively in reducing the drivers of AMR. These areas might need to be considered by advisors to inform ruminant farmers on AMR and to encourage them for prudent AMU in food-producing animals.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Animais/prevenção & controle , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Fazendeiros/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Animais , Antibacterianos , Malásia , Ruminantes
12.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 49(8): 1741-1748, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28856534

RESUMO

The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to estimate the prevalence of lameness, claw lesions, and associated risk factors in dairy farms in Selangor, Malaysia. The sample population was 251 lactating cows from 8 farms assessed for lameness and claw lesions by locomotion scoring and claw assessment respectively while specific animal-based measures were hypothesized as cow-level risk factors. The Wilcoxon rank test and logistic regression were applied to assess the prevalence of lameness, claw lesions, and association with potential risk factors, respectively. The prevalence of lameness was 19.1% ranging from 10.0 to 33.3% while 31.1% of cows had claw lesions and ranged from 16.3-40%. Claw lesions were recorded in 87.5% of the lame cows with highest being those affected with sole lesions (54.2%) and white line disease (61.2%). Overall, the occurrence of overgrown claws, sole lesions, white line disease, and digital dermatitis were 37, 18.2, 10.9, and 8.3%, respectively. More than one claw lesion per cow was present in 71.8% of the affected cows. Lameness was associated with early lactation (OR = 3.3; 95% CI 2-7), injured hocks (OR = 4.8; 95% CI 5-17), and dirty legs hygiene (OR = 2.6; 95% CI 1.3-6.2), whereas presence of claw lesions was associated with dirty legs hygiene (OR = 4.7; 95% CI 4-11) and overgrown claw (OR = 2.7; 95% CI 1.4-5.3). To reduce the prevalence of lameness, farmers need to improve the management of cows with overgrown claw, injured hocks, and cleanliness by establishing routine claw trimming and efficient stall design.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia , Doenças do Pé/veterinária , Casco e Garras/patologia , Coxeadura Animal/etiologia , Criação de Animais Domésticos , Animais , Bovinos , Estudos Transversais , Dermatite Digital , Fazendas , Feminino , Doenças do Pé/epidemiologia , Doenças do Pé/etiologia , Lactação , Coxeadura Animal/epidemiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Malásia/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
13.
Clin Otolaryngol ; 42(2): 275-282, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27506317

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tonsillotomy (or intracapsular tonsillectomy) is a modern technique which is seen by some as potentially superior to traditional (extracapsular) tonsillectomy for the removal of tonsillar tissue to treat obstructive sleep apnoea in children. It has been suggested that peri-operative pain and haemorrhage and postoperative haemorrhage are reduced with the tonsillotomy technique. However, no systematic reviews have been carried out to assess its efficacy in treating obstructive sleep apnoea compared to tonsillectomy. OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: To assess whether subjective improvement in symptoms of obstructive sleep apnoea following tonsillotomy is comparable to that following tonsillectomy, measured using a standardised questionnaire, the Obstructive sleep apnoea-18 (OSA-18) tool. TYPE OF REVIEW: Systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis. SEARCH STRATEGY: PubMed (MEDLINE), followed by Ovid (MEDLINE), Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, American College of Physicians Journal Club, and the British Medical Journal were searched for articles published in English between 1995 and 2015 inclusive. EVALUATION METHOD: Literature search, systematic review and meta-analysis. Studies examining improvement in mean OSA-18 score following tonsillotomy, improvement in mean OSA-18 score following tonsillectomy, and examining both were selected, examined and used for meta-analysis. Studies with and without concurrent adenoidectomy were included. RESULTS: Four studies examining tonsillotomy and 16 studies examining tonsillectomy were included in the analysis. Using a random effects model, the pooled improvement in OSA-18 score for tonsillotomy was 2.46 (95% CI 1.92-2.99), and for tonsillectomy, it was 2.10 (95% CI 1.91-2.30). There was no significant difference between the methods. CONCLUSION: That there is no significant difference in subjective outcome between tonsillotomy and tonsillectomy may support wider use of tonsillotomy over tonsillectomy for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea in children.


Assuntos
Tonsila Palatina/cirurgia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/cirurgia , Tonsilectomia/métodos , Criança , Humanos , Dor Pós-Operatória/patologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/patologia , Qualidade de Vida
14.
J Laryngol Otol ; 130(6): 541-4, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27160014

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the skin-related complications of the traditional skin flap method with a linear incision method of implantation. METHOD: All cases of bone-anchored hearing aid surgery performed by a single surgeon (n = 117) were compared over two periods: 1999-2011, when the traditional method of skin flap and soft tissue removal was used (group 1; n = 86), and 2012-2013, when linear incision without soft tissue removal was used (group 2; n = 31). All patients were followed up for one year and complications were recorded for that period. RESULTS: There were 21 (24.4 per cent) skin-related complications in group 1 (skin overgrowth = 12, wound infection = 8 and numbness = 1) and 3 (9.7 per cent) complications in group 2 (wound infection = 3). Analysis using independent t-tests showed the results to be significant (p < 0.05; 95 per cent confidence interval = 0.0800-0.4473). CONCLUSION: The linear incision without soft tissue removal method for bone-anchored hearing aid implantation reduces skin complication rates.


Assuntos
Auxiliares de Audição , Perda Auditiva/reabilitação , Hipestesia/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Otológicos/métodos , Implantação de Prótese/métodos , Dermatopatias/epidemiologia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
J Laryngol Otol ; 130(3): 214-8, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26687601

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Children with obstructive sleep apnoea commonly undergo adenotonsillectomy as first-line surgical treatment. This paper aimed to investigate whether this intervention was associated with weight gain after surgery in the paediatric population with obstructive sleep apnoea. METHOD: Two independent researchers systematically reviewed the literature from 1995 to 2014 for studies on patients who underwent adenotonsillectomy with weight-based measurements before and after surgery. The databases used were Ovid Medline, Embase and PubMed. RESULTS: Six papers satisfied all inclusion criteria. Four of these papers showed a significant weight increase and the others did not. The only high quality, randomised, controlled trial showed a significant increase of weight gain at seven months follow up, even in patients who were already overweight before their surgery. CONCLUSION: The current evidence points towards an association between adenotonsillectomy and weight gain in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea in the short term.


Assuntos
Adenoidectomia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/cirurgia , Tonsilectomia/métodos , Adolescente , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Obesidade Pediátrica/complicações , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/complicações , Ganho de Peso
17.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 273(3): 559-65, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25503356

RESUMO

A systematic review to study the skin complications associated with the bone-anchored hearing aid in relation to surgical techniques. The following databases have been searched: MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library , Google scholar and the PubMed. The literature search date was from January 1977 until November 2013. Randomised controlled trials and retrospective studies were included. Initial search identified 420 publications. Thirty articles met the inclusion criteria of this review. The most common surgical techniques identified were full-thickness skin graft, Dermatome and linear incision techniques. The result shows that dermatome technique is associated with higher rate of skin complications when compared to linear incision and skin graft techniques. Based on the available literature, the use of a linear incision technique appears to be associated with lower skin complications; however, there is limited data available supporting this. Higher quality studies would allow a more reliable comparison between the surgical techniques.


Assuntos
Auxiliares de Audição/efeitos adversos , Próteses e Implantes/efeitos adversos , Tecido de Granulação , Humanos , Transplante de Pele/efeitos adversos , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória/etiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia
18.
Clin Otolaryngol ; 41(5): 481-6, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26506401

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the scores of those who are eligible to be listed for tonsillectomy through compliance with the SIGN guidelines for any trends or range. DESIGN: A prospective study of all patients (aged 16 or above) listed for elective tonsillectomy from a nurse led tonsil clinic. Patients were given a TOI-14 questionnaire to complete after they had been added to the waiting list for surgery, but before undergoing tonsillectomy. Scores were assessed using SPSS. SETTING: Outpatient clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Patients aged over 16 listed for Tonsillectomy via SIGN Guideline 117. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Scores from TOI-14, completed pre-operatively. RESULTS: 155 patients were listed from the nurse led clinic from October 2012 to August 2014; 5 questionnaires were excluded for being incomplete. The score range was 55 (15-70), with a calculated mean score of 45.62 and standard deviation of 9.701. Over 95% of results were within 2 standard deviations of the mean. A calculated negative skew also confirms that most patients who have clinical indications for tonsillectomy compliant with the SIGN guidelines show a higher score on the TOI-14. CONCLUSION: This analysis indicates a trend of pre-intervention scores on the TOI-14 questionnaire for those patients who have a SIGN guideline compliant clinical indication for a tonsillectomy. We therefore propose that this suggests correlation between 'clinically strong' indication for tonsillitis and patient perceived Quality of Life impact.


Assuntos
Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tonsilite/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tonsilite/cirurgia , Listas de Espera
19.
Vet Parasitol ; 210(3-4): 141-4, 2015 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25935293

RESUMO

To determine if toltrazuril was effective in eliminating Neospora caninum infection from congenitally infected lambs. Twenty-eight ewes were allocated to 3 groups where animals in Groups A and B were inoculated with 1 × 10(7)N. caninum tachyzoites on Day 120 of gestation and Group C was maintained as a negative control group. Lambs born from ewes in Group A were treated with toltrazuril (20mg/kg) on Days 0, 7, 14 and 21 after birth. Lambs in Groups B and C were untreated. All lambs in Groups A and B were seropositive at 12 weeks of age. At 12 weeks of age, no differences between lambs in Group A and Group B were observed in serological results (ELISA and western blot), presence of N. caninum-related brain histopathological lesions or the number of organisms detected by qPCR. Group C remained negative for serology, detection of N. caninum DNA as well as histopathology throughout the study. Results indicate that N. caninum congenitally-infected lambs had a continuing infection with N. caninum despite being treated with toltrazuril.


Assuntos
Coccidiose/veterinária , Transmissão Vertical de Doenças Infecciosas/veterinária , Neospora/efeitos dos fármacos , Doenças dos Ovinos/tratamento farmacológico , Triazinas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Coccidiose/tratamento farmacológico , Coccidiose/transmissão , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/veterinária , Feminino , Transmissão Vertical de Doenças Infecciosas/prevenção & controle , Neospora/genética , Neospora/imunologia , Neospora/isolamento & purificação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/veterinária , Ovinos , Doenças dos Ovinos/transmissão
20.
J Laryngol Otol ; 129(5): 494-5, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25994383

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This paper, a report by the Clinical Governance and Audit Committee of the Scottish Otolaryngological Society, presents a consensus view of the minimal requirements for ENT clinics in National Health Service hospitals. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The provision of adequate equipment and staff has gained increasing importance as the vast majority of ENT procedures can be safely performed in the out-patient or office setting.


Assuntos
Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial/normas , Hospitais Municipais/normas , Otolaringologia/normas , Equipamentos e Provisões Hospitalares/normas , Humanos , Escócia , Medicina Estatal
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