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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622945

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the optimal simulation-based team training in obstetric emergencies. We aimed to review how simulation-based team training affects patient outcomes in obstetric emergencies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Search Strategy: MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched up to and including May 15, 2021. SELECTION CRITERIA: randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies on obstetric teams in high-resource settings comparing the effect of simulation-based obstetric emergency team training with no training on the risk of Apgar scores less than 7 at 5 min, neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, severe postpartum hemorrhage, blood transfusion of four or more units, and delay of emergency cesarean section by more than 30 min. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: The included studies were assessed using PRISMA, EPCO, and GRADE. RESULTS: We found 21 studies, four RCTs and 17 cohort studies, evaluating patient outcomes after obstetric team training compared with no training. Annual obstetric emergency team training may reduce brachial plexus injury (six cohort studies: odds ratio [OR] 0.47, 95% CI 0.33-0.68; one RCT: OR 1.30, 95 CI% 0.39-4.33, low certainty evidence) and suggest a positive effect; but it was not significant on Apgar score below 7 at 5 min (three cohort studies: OR 0.77, 95% CI 0.51-1.19; two RCT: OR 0.87, 95% CI 0.72-1.05, moderate certainty evidence). The effect was unclear for hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, umbilical prolapse, decision to birth interval in emergency cesarean section, and for severe postpartum hemorrhage. Studies with in situ multi-professional simulation-based training demonstrated the best effect. CONCLUSIONS: Emerging evidence suggests an effect of obstetric team training on obstetric outcomes, but conflicting results call for controlled trials targeted to identify the optimal methodology for effective team training.

2.
Obes Res Clin Pract ; 15(5): 509-511, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503935

RESUMO

Pregnant women who are obese are at greater risk of pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, and macrosomia, leading to an increased likelihood of induced labor. Little is known about pregnant women with obesity and the dose of Misoprostol needed for induction of labor (IOL). To investigate whether the cumulative dose of Misoprostol needed for induction of labor (IOL) is associated with women's body mass index (BMI), we conducted a retrospective study of the use of oral Misoprostol for IOL at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aarhus University Hospital - a tertiary referral delivery unit with 4800 deliveries a year. Data on IOL among 1637 women with singleton pregnancies was collected in the period January 1st, 2014, to October 4th, 2017. Low-risk women were induced in an outpatient setting. Primary outcomes were Misoprostol dose, time between start of induction (first dose of Angusta®) and completed delivery, and mode of delivery. Secondary outcomes were neonatal data as Apgar score and pH of the umbilical artery. In this study, we found the total dose of Misoprostol needed for induction increased significantly with increasing BMI (p < 0.005). The time to delivery and the risk of Cesarean section increased with rising BMI class. However, 76% of inductions among the women with obesity ended in a vaginal delivery. For the neonatal outcomes, a total of 16 children had an Apgar score below 7 at five minutes and 14 had a pH less than 7.0; none of these results differed significantly between BMI classes. The perinatal and maternal mortality rate was 0%.

3.
Dan Med J ; 68(9)2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477096

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Although women rarely die during pregnancy and childbirth in Denmark, keeping track of the maternal mortality rate and causes of death is vital in identifying learning points for future management of critical illness among obstetric patients and in pinpointing risk factors. METHODS: We identified maternal deaths between 2002 and 2017 by linking four Danish national health registers, using death certificates and reports from hospitals. An audit group then categorised each case by cause of death before identifying any suboptimal care and learning points, which may serve as a foundation for national guidelines and educational strategies. RESULTS: Seventy women died during pregnancy or within six weeks of a pregnancy in the study period. The most frequent causes of death were cardiovascular disease (n = 14), hypertensive disorder (n = 10), suicide (n = 10) and thromboembolism (n = 7). Suboptimal care was identified in 30 of the 70 cases. CONCLUSIONS: Mortality from some of the most important causes of death decreased during the study period. No deaths from preeclampsia or thrombosis, two of the leading causes of death, were identified after 2011. In 2015-2017, suicide was the main cause of maternal death, which indicates that a stronger focus on vulnerability in pregnancy and childbirth is essential. Among the 70 deaths, 34% were potentially avoidable, indicating that it is essential continuously to focus on how to reduce severe maternal morbidity and mortality. FUNDING: none TRIAL REGISTRATION. not relevant.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Morte Materna , Complicações na Gravidez , Suicídio , Causas de Morte , Estado Terminal , Feminino , Humanos , Morte Materna/etiologia , Mortalidade Materna , Gravidez
4.
Dan Med J ; 68(9)2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477097

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Women very rarely die during pregnancy and childbirth in Denmark. Although maternal deaths are registered worldwide, various studies indicate that underreporting does occur. This paper presents validated Danish register data for two periods between 1985 and 2017. METHODS: Maternal deaths were identified from 1985 to 1994 and from 2002 to 2017 by linking four national health registers, death certificates and notifications from maternity wards. A group of obstetricians categorised and assessed all medical records, classifying each case by cause of death. RESULTS: Linkage of four registers yielded valid data, leading to the identification of 143 maternal deaths in the abovementioned periods. From 1985-1994 there were 73 deaths and 618,021 live births, resulting in a maternal mortality rate of 11.8 per 100,000 live births with a non-significant 2% annual increase (95% confidence interval (CI): -6.0-11.0%). From 2002 to 2017 there were 70 maternal deaths and 999,206 live births, resulting in a maternal mortality rate of 7.0 per 100,000 live births (95% CI: 5.5-8.9) with a significant 9% annual decrease (95% CI: 4.0-14.0%). CONCLUSIONS: Overall maternal mortality decreased in the course of the two periods (n = 33 years), with a significant decrease during the last period. This is suggested to be a result of multiple clinical and organisational improvements as discussed in the paper. FUNDING: none. TRIAL REGISTRATION: not relevant.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Materna , Complicações na Gravidez , Causas de Morte , Dinamarca/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Registros Médicos , Gravidez
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467518

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Assessing the risk factors for and consequences of infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) during pregnancy is essential to guide clinical care. Previous studies on SARS-CoV-2 infection in pregnancy have been among hospitalized patients, which may have exaggerated risk estimates of severe outcomes because all cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection in the pregnant population were not included. The objectives of this study were to identify risk factors for and outcomes after SARS-CoV-2 infection in pregnancy independent of severity of infection in a universally tested population, and to identify risk factors for and outcomes after severe infection requiring hospital admission. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a prospective population-based cohort study in Denmark using data from the Danish National Patient Register and Danish Microbiology Database and prospectively registered data from medical records. We included all pregnancies between March 1 and October 31, 2020 and compared women with a positive SARS-CoV-2 test during pregnancy to non-infected pregnant women. Cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection in pregnancy were both identified prospectively and through register linkage to ensure that all cases were identified and that cases were pregnant during infection. Main outcome measures were pregnancy, delivery, maternal, and neonatal outcomes. Severe infection was defined as hospital admission due to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) symptoms. RESULTS: Among 82 682 pregnancies, 418 women had SARS-CoV-2 infection during pregnancy, corresponding to an incidence of 5.1 per 1000 pregnancies, 23 (5.5%) of which required hospital admission due to COVID-19. Risk factors for infection were asthma (odds ratio [OR] 2.19, 95% CI 1.41-3.41) and being foreign born (OR 2.12, 95% CI 1.70-2.64). Risk factors for hospital admission due to COVID-19 included obesity (OR 2.74, 95% CI 1.00-7.51), smoking (OR 4.69, 95% CI 1.58-13.90), infection after gestational age (GA) 22 weeks (GA 22-27 weeks: OR 3.77, 95% CI 1.16-12.29; GA 28-36 weeks: OR 4.76, 95% CI 1.60-14.12), and having asthma (OR 4.53, 95% CI 1.39-14.79). We found no difference in any obstetrical or neonatal outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Only 1 in 20 women with SARS-CoV-2 infection during pregnancy required admission to hospital due to COVID-19. Risk factors for admission comprised obesity, smoking, asthma, and infection after GA 22 weeks. Severe adverse outcomes of SARS-CoV-2 infection in pregnancy were rare.

6.
Women Birth ; 34(3): 242-249, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32404274

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The frequency of induction of labour (IOL) in late-term pregnancy has increased significantly, but little is known about how women with uncomplicated pregnancies experience IOL for late-term indication alone. AIM: To explore how women with uncomplicated pregnancies experienced late-term IOL. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 23 women who all had labour induced on late-term indication only. Participants were recruited from two Danish hospitals who offered an outpatient induction regime. The women were interviewed 4-8 weeks after birth. Data were analysed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: All women had hoped for a spontaneous birth. Prolonged pregnancy was understood as the body/baby "not being ready", but generally, the women were not worried at that point. Most women felt adequately informed about the reasons for IOL, but some requested more information and time to consider their options. The majority considered IOL to be both an offer and a recommendation. One-third of the participants were initially hesitant but chose/accepted IOL because of weariness from pregnancy and the impatience to deliver a healthy child. The opportunity of outpatient induction was generally appreciated as it allowed the women to continue everyday activities while waiting for labour to begin. Nineteen women reported having a good birthing experience. Two women felt that negative birthing experiences were partly related to IOL. CONCLUSIONS: Most women considered the late-term IOL to be a positive experience. Some women requested more information and time to consider alternatives. These women should be provided with supported opportunities to consider the options.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Trabalho de Parto Induzido/psicologia , Parto/psicologia , Gravidez Prolongada/psicologia , Gestantes/psicologia , Adulto , Tomada de Decisões , Dinamarca , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Trabalho de Parto , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Adulto Jovem
7.
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand ; 100(4): 649-657, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33372265

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy is a time of increased vulnerability for women. Women of refugee background may be further challenged in pregnancy due to a complex series of physical, psychological and social factors. Previous studies show ambiguous results, with some showing increased the risk of prenatal complications in refugees compared with their native counterparts, whereas other studies report the opposite. With the current steep rise in the number of refugees and displaced persons worldwide, research is important to understand whether pregnancy disparities between this population and their native counterparts exist, and the causes. This systematic literature review aims to find out whether refugee women have a higher prevalence of adverse pregnancy outcomes and prenatal infections compared with native women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a literature search in the databases PubMed and Embase, supplemented with screening of reference lists and citations for relevant literature. We included studies published in English reporting risk of preeclampsia, spontaneous abortion and stillbirths, preterm birth, preterm prelabor rupture of membranes (PPROM) and adverse prenatal infectious diseases in women of refugee status. PROSPERO registration CRD42020205628. RESULTS: We identified 19 articles eligible for inclusion: 12 were cross-sectional, six were cohort studies and one was a case-control study. The most frequently reported outcome in the literature was preterm birth (reported in 16 of the studies) and preeclampsia (reported in 11 of the studies). Refugees had increased risk of stillbirth (reported relative risk ranging from 1.20 to 2.24) and spontaneous abortion (reported relative risk ranging from 1.56 to 1.58), when compared with native women and a decreased risk of preeclampsia (reported relative risk ranging from 0.65 to 0.81). CONCLUSIONS: The small number of articles eligible for inclusion in the review highlights the lack of research and knowledge on refugee health during pregnancy. Further research is required to understand and reduce disparities in pregnancy outcomes between refugee and non-refugee women.


Assuntos
Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Refugiados , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Prevalência
8.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0240406, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33052935

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dystocia is one of the most common causes of cesarean section in nulliparous women. Studies have described the presence of vitamin D receptors in the myometrium, but it is still unclear whether vitamin D affects the contractility of the smooth muscles. We therefore aimed to determine the association between the vitamin D serum level at labor and the risk of dystocia. METHOD: We conducted a case-control study between January 2012 and June 2017. Cases were primiparous women, with spontaneous onset of labor, who gave birth by cesarean section due to dystocia. Controls were primiparous women with a spontaneous vaginal delivery. We included 60 women (30 cases and 30 controls) in the analysis. The differences between cases and controls were assessed using chi-squared test for categorical variables and two-sample t-test or unequal t-test for continuous variables, as appropriate, after evaluation of whether they followed the normal distributions. RESULTS: The mean serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations were 53.1nmol/l (95%CI; 45.2 to 60.9) among cases and 69.9nmol/l (95%CI; 57.5 to 82.4) among controls (P = 0.02). The mean plasma parathyroid hormone levels were 2.25 pmol/l and 2.38, respectively (P = 0.57). Even though 78% of all women reported taking a minimum of 10µg/day of vitamin D throughout pregnancy, 43% had vitamin D insufficiency, defined as serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels below 50nmol/l. CONCLUSIONS: In a Danish group of women having a cesarean section due to dystocia, we found decreased vitamin D levels.


Assuntos
Distocia/epidemiologia , Início do Trabalho de Parto/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cesárea , Dinamarca/epidemiologia , Distocia/sangue , Distocia/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Idade Materna , Hormônio Paratireóideo/sangue , Gravidez , Vitamina D/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/sangue
9.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 223(6): 916.e1-916.e9, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32592694

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The current literature regarding the recommended mode of delivery of monochorionic-diamniotic twins is limited to small numbers, retrospective studies, and comparisons of outcomes of monochorionic-diamniotic twin pregnancies with those of dichorionic-diamniotic twin pregnancies instead of outcomes of trial of labor vs elective cesarean delivery of monochorionic-diamniotic twins. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare perinatal and maternal outcomes of planned cesarean delivery and planned vaginal delivery of monochorionic-diamniotic twins using the Twin Birth Study data. STUDY DESIGN: This study is a secondary analysis of the Twin Birth Study. Women were randomized from 32 weeks and 0 days gestation to 38 weeks and 6 days gestation to planned cesarean delivery or planned vaginal delivery. Twin A in the cephalic presentation and estimated weight of each twin between 1500 and 4000 grams were the inclusion criteria. Pregnancies complicated by fetal reduction after 13 weeks of gestation, lethal fetal anomaly, or contraindication to vaginal delivery were excluded. Elective delivery was planned between 37 weeks and 5 to 7 days of gestation and 38 weeks and 6 to 7 days of gestation. Perinatal and maternal outcomes of monochorionic-diamniotic twin pregnancies were compared between those randomized for planned cesarean delivery and those randomized for planned vaginal delivery. In addition, outcomes of monochorionic-diamniotic twin pregnancies were compared with those of dichorionic-diamniotic twin pregnancies. RESULTS: Out of the 1393 women in each arm, 346 (24.9%) women in the planned cesarean delivery arm and 324 (23.3%) women in the planned vaginal delivery arm had monochorionic-diamniotic twin pregnancies and were eligible for the first analysis. The rate of cesarean delivery was 39.2% in the planned vaginal delivery arm and was 91.3% in the planned cesarean delivery arm. There was no significant difference in gestational age at delivery between the groups (34.4±1.8 weeks vs 34.5±1.8 weeks; P=.78). No difference was found in maternal outcomes. As for perinatal outcomes, the rate of the primary adverse neonatal composite outcomes in twins A or twins B was similar in both the planned vaginal delivery and the planned cesarean delivery arms (twins A, 1.2% vs 1.2% [P=.92]; twins B, 1.2% vs 3.2% [P=.09]). Within the planned cesarean delivery arm, the rate of primary adverse neonatal composite outcome was higher in twins B than twins A (3.2% vs 1.2%; P=.03). There was no difference in the primary adverse neonatal composite outcome between twins A in the monochorionic-diamniotic group and the dichorionic-diamniotic group (1.2% vs 1.3%; P=.89) or between twins B in similar groups (2.3% vs 2.7%; P=.47). CONCLUSION: In monochorionic-diamniotic twin pregnancy between 32 weeks and 0 to 7 days of gestation and 38 weeks and 6 to 7 days of gestation, with twin A in a cephalic presentation, planned cesarean delivery did not decrease or increase the risk of fetal or neonatal death or serious neonatal morbidity, as compared with planned vaginal delivery.


Assuntos
Âmnio , Cesárea/métodos , Córion , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Gravidez de Gêmeos , Adulto , Índice de Apgar , Traumatismos do Nascimento/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Apresentação no Trabalho de Parto , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente , Morte Perinatal , Gravidez , Respiração Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido/epidemiologia , Convulsões/epidemiologia , Gêmeos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Ugeskr Laeger ; 182(14A)2020 03 30.
Artigo em Dinamarquês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32285789

RESUMO

In 2018, The Danish Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the Danish Paediatric Society agreed on a national consensus guideline on the treatment of imminent preterm delivery prior to 25 weeks. This review summarises the recommendations: at 22 weeks transfer to a tertiary hospital, at 23 weeks tocolysis, antenatal steroid and newborn resuscitation with parental consent, if the infant is viable, and at 24 weeks caesarean section due to foetal distress. Newborn resuscitation is standard of care, unless not indicated for other reasons at 24 weeks.


Assuntos
Obstetrícia , Nascimento Prematuro , Cesárea , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Lactente Extremamente Prematuro , Recém-Nascido , Assistência Perinatal , Gravidez
11.
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand ; 99(10): 1396-1402, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32311758

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Induction of labor (IOL) is used to improve the outcome of pregnancy for mother and child. Since 2013, oral misoprostol has been used for IOL at Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark. The purpose of the present paper is to describe our experience of the use of a new, 25-µg misoprostol tablet commercially manufactured for the purpose of IOL regarding efficacy and outcome for mother and neonate in both an inpatient and an outpatient regimen. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed an audit from 1 April 2016, including data on all IOL in women with singleton pregnancies until 1000 consecutive women were registered. Data from 976 consecutive women with gestational age ≥37+0  weeks induced in accordance with the "Aarhus protocol" were included in the present analyses. All inductions were by oral misoprostol. Outpatient induction is standard procedure in low-risk pregnancies, that is, pregnancies with a healthy mother and no signs of placental insufficiency. In the outpatient IOL, the first dose of misoprostol is administered after a normal cardiotocography registration at the hospital. Subsequent doses are taken at home according to a predefined regimen. Following delivery, data on baseline variables and outcome variables for the mother and neonate were retrieved from the medical records. RESULTS: In 71.9% of cases, the women were induced in an outpatient regimen. Delivery within 24 hours was achieved in 38.8% of women (nulliparous 32.3%, multiparous 50.9%) and within 48 hours in 70.1% (nulliparous 66.2%, multiparous 77.2%). Hyperstimulation during induction occurred in 0.6%. The mode of delivery was spontaneous vaginal in 75.5% of cases. The cesarean section rate was 14.9% (nulliparous 20.7%, multiparous 4.1%). Apgar <7 at 5 minutes and pH <7.0 in the umbilical artery was seen in 0.9% and 0.7%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Induction of labor by a commercially produced low-dose (25 µg) misoprostol tablet for oral induction according to the "Aarhus protocol" is feasible in an outpatient as well as an inpatient regimen. Delivery was achieved within 48 hours for 70.1% of women. Few adverse events were seen; however, the audit was underpowered for safety.


Assuntos
Auditoria Clínica , Trabalho de Parto Induzido/métodos , Misoprostol/administração & dosagem , Ocitócicos/administração & dosagem , Administração Oral , Adulto , Assistência Ambulatorial/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice de Apgar , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Parto Obstétrico , Dinamarca/epidemiologia , Feminino , Sangue Fetal/química , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Paridade , Gravidez
12.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; 33(19): 3227-3232, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30688138

RESUMO

Introduction: Multiple gestations are high-risk pregnancies associated with an increased risk of neonatal morbidity and mortality, mainly due to preterm births. Numerous interventions have been attempted in order to delay the time of delivery and subsequently, prevent preterm births in twin gestations. To date, no really effective intervention has been found. Use of cerclage in twin pregnancies has been controversial. Recently, however, small retrospective cohort studies have shown a potentially positive effect with the use of cerclage in twin pregnancies. The aim of this study was to evaluate pregnancies and neonatal outcomes in twin gestations with a short cervix treated with cervical cerclage at a single University Hospital.Methods: This retrospective cohort study included all women - with twin gestation and a short cervix - who had an ultrasound indicated or emergency cervical cerclage at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Denmark between January 1999 and May 2017. Cervical cerclage was offered to women before 26 weeks of gestation if: (1) the cervix at ultrasound was ≤20 mm without cervical dilatation (ultrasound-indicated cerclage), or (2) the cervix at ultrasound was ≤20 mm with cervical dilatation (emergency cerclage). Women with history-indicated cerclage placement or multifetal embryo reduction were excluded. A total of 65 women participated in the study.Results: The median gestational age at cerclage placement was 22.6 weeks with a median cervical length of 10 mm (range 0-20 mm). The frequency of preterm delivery before 32 weeks of gestation was 41.5% and 27.7% before 28 weeks. Median pregnancy latency was 77 days (range 4-148) and the median gestational age at delivery was 33.0 weeks. Gestational age at delivery was significantly lower among women with cervical dilatation and visible membranes than among women with a short cervix only (27.7 versus 33.6 weeks, p < .01) and so was the median pregnancy latency (48 versus 81 days, p < .05). Overall, neonatal survival was 91.5%.Conclusion: Cervical cerclage in twin pregnancies may prolong pregnancy even when placed on a very short or dilated cervix. In our study, the procedure was safe and without any serious complications. The overall neonatal survival rate was high.


Assuntos
Cerclagem Cervical , Nascimento Prematuro , Medida do Comprimento Cervical , Colo do Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Gravidez de Gêmeos , Nascimento Prematuro/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
PLoS One ; 14(8): e0221860, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31469866

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We aimed to investigate whether noise in delivery rooms is associated with impaired performance of obstetric teams managing major (≥1000 mL) postpartum hemorrhage. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included video recordings of 96 obstetric teams managing real-life major postpartum hemorrhage. Exposure was noise defined as the occurrence of sound level pressures (SPL) above 90 dB. The outcome was high clinical performance assessed through expert ratings using the TeamOBS-PPH tool. RESULTS: The 23 teams unexposed to noise had a significantly higher chance of high clinical performance than the 73 teams exposed to noise: 91.3% (95% CI; 72.0-98.9) versus 58.9% (95% CI; 46.8-70.3) (p < 0.001). The results remained significant when adjusting for the following possible confounders: team size, non-technical performance, bleeding velocity, hospital type, etiology of bleeding, event duration and time of day. Typical sources of noise above 90 dB SPL were mother or baby crying, dropping of instruments, and slamming of cupboard doors. CONCLUSION: Noise in delivery rooms may be an independent source of impaired clinical performance.


Assuntos
Salas de Parto , Parto Obstétrico , Ruído/efeitos adversos , Estudos Clínicos como Assunto , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/etiologia , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
14.
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand ; 98(10): 1258-1267, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31140581

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Studies indicate an association between errors in cardiotocography (CTG) management and hypoxic brain injuries among newborns. Continuing professional education is recommended. We aimed to examine whether the implementation of a national interprofessional CTG education program in Denmark was associated with a decrease in risk of fetal hypoxia measured by umbilical cord pH < 7.00, 5-minute Apgar score <7 or neonatal therapeutic hypothermia. As a secondary aim, we assessed whether the educational intervention was associated with an increase in operative deliveries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a historical cohort study from 2009 to 2015 including all intended vaginal deliveries with liveborn singletons in cephalic presentation and gestational age ≥37 weeks. Data were retrieved from the Medical Birth Register and the National Patient Register. The study period was divided in three: pre-implementation (2009-2012), implementation (2013) and post-implementation (2014-2015). Using logistic regression we estimated odds ratios (OR) of fetal hypoxia outcomes using the pre-implementation period as reference. Analyses were adjusted for potential maternal, neonatal and delivery-associated confounders. Missing data were accounted for by multiple imputation. RESULTS: In all, 331 282 deliveries were included. Overall risks of pH < 7.00, Apgar score <7 and therapeutic hypothermia were respectively 0.45%, 0.58% and 0.06%. Adjusted OR in the post-implementation period were 1.12 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.00-1.26), 0.99 (95% CI 0.90-1.10) and 1.34 (95% CI 0.99-1.82) for the three outcomes, respectively. The pH missingness equaled 12.4%. Odds of emergency cesarean section was unaltered, whereas the odds of assisted vaginal delivery decreased by 14% (0.86, 95% CI 0.84-0.89). CONCLUSIONS: Healthcare professionals are considered the weakest link of CTG technology. We did not find that increasing healthcare professionals' CTG interpretation skills affected the risk of fetal hypoxia. Missing data for pH values were substantial and represent a limitation of the study. We cannot with certainty rule out that missingness masked a true effect of the intervention. Our study indicates that assisted vaginal deliveries can be decreased without an increased risk of fetal hypoxia. Dilution of effect in a complex clinical setting, rare outcomes, insufficient intervention and a possible overestimation of the impact of errors in CTG management might explain the lack of effect.


Assuntos
Cardiotocografia/normas , Educação Continuada , Hipóxia Fetal/prevenção & controle , Obstetrícia/educação , Resultado da Gravidez , Adulto , Índice de Apgar , Dinamarca , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez
15.
BMJ Open ; 9(3): e026825, 2019 03 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30867204

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine how pregnant couples experience receiving a prenatal diagnosis of Down syndrome (DS) by phone-a practice that has been routine care in the Central Denmark Region for years. DESIGN: Qualitative interview study. SETTING: Participants were recruited from hospitals in Central Denmark Region, Denmark. PARTICIPANTS: Couples who had received a prenatal diagnosis of DS by phone and decided to terminate the pregnancy. They were recruited from the obstetric department where the termination was undertaken. During the study period (February 2016 to July 2017), 21 semistructured, audio-recorded interviews were conducted by an experienced anthropologist. Interviews were conducted 4-22 weeks after the diagnosis and analysed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: A prearranged phone call was considered an acceptable practice. However, the first theme 'Expected but unexpected' shows how the call often came earlier than expected. Consequently, most women were not with their partner and were thus initially alone with their grief and furthermore responsible for informing their partner, which some considered difficult. The second theme 'Now what?' shows how during the phone calls, physicians were quick to enquire about the couples' agendas. As the majority had already decided to seek termination of pregnancy, the dialogue focused on related questions and arrangements. Only half of the couples received additional counselling. CONCLUSION: A prearranged phone call was considered an acceptable and appropriate practice. However, some aspects of this practice (particularly related to the context of the call) showed to be less than optimal for the couples. To make sure that a diagnostic result is delivered in accordance with the couples' needs and requests, the context of the call could be addressed and agreed on in advance by physicians and couples.


Assuntos
Aborto Eugênico , Tomada de Decisões , Síndrome de Down/diagnóstico , Gestantes/psicologia , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/psicologia , Cônjuges/psicologia , Aborto Eugênico/psicologia , Adulto , Dinamarca/epidemiologia , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Masculino , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Telefone
16.
Birth ; 46(3): 400-410, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30561053

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, induction of labor (IOL) in postterm pregnancies has increased. Studies have shown the medical advantages of postterm IOL, but less is known about the perspectives of the pregnant women. This review aimed to summarize the current qualitative evidence on women's experience of postterm IOL. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in three databases. A total of 3193 publications were identified, but only eight studies met the inclusion criteria. Thematic analysis guided the data extraction and synthesis. The Confidence in the Evidence for Reviews of Qualitative research (CERQual) approach was used to assess confidence in the findings. RESULTS: Three major findings were identified. First, for some women, IOL required a shift in expectations because the hope of spontaneous labor had to be given up. Second, the IOL decision was considered a recommendation from health care professionals and was experienced as a nondecision. Finally, the induction process was experienced as a sequential set of steps where the women were expected to fit into the existing hospital organization. The CERQual assessment suggested moderate confidence in all findings. DISCUSSION: The negative experiences identified in this review can be greatly reduced by a communicative and patient-centered approach. To support informed choice and shared decision making, women need high-quality, unbiased information about IOL, alternative options, and potential outcomes, in addition to time for reflection on their personal values and preferences. Women may need a professionally initiated and supported opportunity to re-evaluate their hopes and expectations before IOL.


Assuntos
Trabalho de Parto Induzido/normas , Satisfação do Paciente , Gravidez Prolongada/psicologia , Comportamento de Escolha , Comunicação , Aconselhamento , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa
17.
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand ; 97(10): 1228-1236, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29791717

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In Denmark, first trimester screening has a very high uptake (>90%). If Down syndrome is diagnosed, termination rates are high (>95%). The aim of this study was to investigate the timing of the decision to terminate pregnancy following a diagnosis of Down syndrome and the factors influencing this decision. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Semi-structured, qualitative interview study with 21 couples who had received a prenatal diagnosis of Down syndrome and decided to terminate the pregnancy. Participants were recruited from obstetric departments between February 2016 and July 2017. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Five themes were identified: "initial decision-making", "consolidating the decision", "reasons and concerns shaping the termination of pregnancy decision", "the right decision is also burdensome", and "perceived influences in decision-making". For most couples, the initial decision to terminate pregnancy was made before or during the diagnostic process, but it was re-addressed and consolidated following the actual diagnosis. Imagining a family future with a severely affected Down syndrome child was the main factor influencing the termination of pregnancy decision. The decision was articulated as "right" but also as existentially burdensome for some, due to fear of regret and concern about ending a potential life. The decision to terminate pregnancy was considered a private matter between the couple, but was refined through interactions with clinicians and social networks. CONCLUSION: All couples made an initial decision prior to receiving the Down syndrome diagnosis. Knowledge of the couple's initial decision may facilitate patient-centered communication during and after the diagnostic process. Couples may benefit from counseling to deal with grief and existential concerns.


Assuntos
Aborto Eugênico/psicologia , Síndrome de Down/psicologia , Gestantes/psicologia , Cuidado Pré-Natal/psicologia , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/psicologia , Adulto , Tomada de Decisões , Dinamarca , Feminino , Humanos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Gravidez , Primeiro Trimestre da Gravidez
18.
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand ; 97(6): 677-687, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29485679

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to develop a valid and reliable TeamOBS-PPH tool for assessing clinical performance in the management of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). The tool was evaluated using video-recordings of teams managing PPH in both real-life and simulated settings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A Delphi panel consisting of 12 obstetricians from the UK, Norway, Sweden, Iceland, and Denmark achieved consensus on (i) the elements to include in the assessment tool, (ii) the weighting of each element, and (iii) the final tool. The validity and reliability were evaluated according to Cook and Beckman. (Level 1) Four raters scored four video-recordings of in situ simulations of PPH. (Level 2) Two raters scored 85 video-recordings of real-life teams managing patients with PPH ≥1000 mL in two Danish hospitals. (Level 3) Two raters scored 15 video-recordings of in situ simulations of PPH from a US hospital. RESULTS: The tool was designed with scores from 0 to 100. (Level 1) Teams of novices had a median score of 54 (95% CI 48-60), whereas experienced teams had a median score of 75 (95% CI 71-79; p < 0.001). (Level 2) The intra-rater [intra-class correlation (ICC) = 0.96] and inter-rater (ICC = 0.83) agreements for real-life PPH were strong. The tool was applicable in all cases: atony, retained placenta, and lacerations. (Level 3) The tool was easily adapted to in situ simulation settings in the USA (ICC = 0.86). CONCLUSION: The TeamOBS-PPH tool appears to be valid and reliable for assessing clinical performance in real-life and simulated settings. The tool will be shared as the free TeamOBS App.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Consenso , Técnica Delfos , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Simulação de Paciente , Gravidez , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Gravação em Vídeo
19.
PLoS One ; 12(11): e0187850, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29136026

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the relation of single-layer closure at previous caesarean delivery, and other pre-labour and intra-partum risk factors for complete uterine rupture in trial of vaginal birth after a caesarean (TOLAC) at term. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based case-control study. We identified all women (n = 39 742) recorded in the Danish Medical Birth Registry (DMBR) during a 12-year period (1997-2008) with a singleton pregnancy at term and TOLAC. Among these, all women with a complete uterine rupture were identified (cases). Information from the registry was validated against medical records. Controls were selected in the DMBR as the following two births with TOLAC at term and no uterine rupture. Detailed information from cases and controls was collected from manual review of medical records. Main outcome measure was complete uterine rupture during TOLAC at term. RESULTS: Upon validation, 175 cases and 272 controls met the above criteria. After adjustment for possible confounding factors there was no association between single layer closure and uterine rupture (aOR 1.38, CI: 0.88-2.17). Significant risk factors were: Induction with an unfavourable cervix (aOR 2.10 CI: 1.19-3.71), epidural (aOR 2.17 CI 1.31-3.57), augmentation by oxytocin for more than one hour (aOR 2.03 CI: 1.20-3.44), and birth weight ≥ 4000g (aOR 2.65 CI 1.05-6.64). Previous vaginal delivery (aOR 0.41 CI: 0.25-0.68) and inter-delivery interval of more than 24 months (aOR 0.38 CI: 0.18-0.78) reduced the risk of uterine rupture. CONCLUSION: Single-layer uterine closure did not remain significantly associated to uterine rupture during TOLAC at term after adjustment for confounding factors. Induction of labour with an unfavourable cervix, birth weight ≥ 4000g and indicators of prolonged labour were all major risk factors for uterine rupture.


Assuntos
Cesárea/métodos , Sistema de Registros , Prova de Trabalho de Parto , Ruptura Uterina/etiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
20.
Prenat Diagn ; 37(8): 731-743, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28614902

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A severe or lethal prenatal diagnosis places great demands on prospective parents, who face choices of far-reaching consequences, such as continuing or terminating the pregnancy. How best to support these parents is a clinical challenge. This systematic review aimed to identify and synthesize the qualitative evidence regarding prospective parents' responses to such prenatal diagnoses. METHODS: Following PRISMA guidelines, four databases were systematically searched and 28 studies met the inclusion criteria. Thematic analysis guided data extraction and synthesis of findings. The Confidence in the Evidence for Reviews of Qualitative research assessment tool was utilized to assess confidence in the findings. RESULTS: Prospective parents experienced multiple losses, for example, of the healthy child, normal pregnancy and envisioned future. After diagnosis, they requested timely and reliable information and empathetic continued interaction with clinicians. Prospective parents who continued the pregnancy wished to be acknowledged as parents and engaged in planning to obtain a sense of meaning and control. Selective disclosure and concerns about negative responses were issues both for the parents who terminated and those who continued a pregnancy. CONCLUSION: Clinicians can support parental coping following a severe prenatal diagnosis through continued dialogue and collaboration. Further research is needed on the experiences of parents who choose to terminate a pregnancy following prenatal diagnosis. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Congênitas , Pais/psicologia , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/psicologia , Humanos
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