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1.
EBioMedicine ; 63: 103157, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33418499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genetic factors that influence kidney traits have been understudied for low frequency and ancestry-specific variants. METHODS: We combined whole genome sequencing (WGS) data from 23,732 participants from 10 NHLBI Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) Program multi-ethnic studies to identify novel loci for estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Participants included European, African, East Asian, and Hispanic ancestries. We applied linear mixed models using a genetic relationship matrix estimated from the WGS data and adjusted for age, sex, study, and ethnicity. FINDINGS: When testing single variants, we identified three novel loci driven by low frequency variants more commonly observed in non-European ancestry (PRKAA2, rs180996919, minor allele frequency [MAF] 0.04%, P = 6.1 × 10-11; METTL8, rs116951054, MAF 0.09%, P = 4.5 × 10-9; and MATK, rs539182790, MAF 0.05%, P = 3.4 × 10-9). We also replicated two known loci for common variants (rs2461702, MAF=0.49, P = 1.2 × 10-9, nearest gene GATM, and rs71147340, MAF=0.34, P = 3.3 × 10-9, CDK12). Testing aggregated variants within a gene identified the MAF gene. A statistical approach based on local ancestry helped to identify replication samples for ancestry-specific variants. INTERPRETATION: This study highlights challenges in studying variants influencing kidney traits that are low frequency in populations and more common in non-European ancestry.

2.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0230035, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33186364

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies have identified multiple genomic loci associated with coronary artery disease, but most are common variants in non-coding regions that provide limited information on causal genes and etiology of the disease. To overcome the limited scope that common variants provide, we focused our investigation on low-frequency and rare sequence variations primarily residing in coding regions of the genome. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using samples of individuals of European ancestry from ten cohorts within the Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology (CHARGE) consortium, both cross-sectional and prospective analyses were conducted to examine associations between genetic variants and myocardial infarction (MI), coronary heart disease (CHD), and all-cause mortality following these events. For prevalent events, a total of 27,349 participants of European ancestry, including 1831 prevalent MI cases and 2518 prevalent CHD cases were used. For incident cases, a total of 55,736 participants of European ancestry were included (3,031 incident MI cases and 5,425 incident CHD cases). There were 1,860 all-cause deaths among the 3,751 MI and CHD cases from six cohorts that contributed to the analysis of all-cause mortality. Single variant and gene-based analyses were performed separately in each cohort and then meta-analyzed for each outcome. A low-frequency intronic variant (rs988583) in PLCL1 was significantly associated with prevalent MI (OR = 1.80, 95% confidence interval: 1.43, 2.27; P = 7.12 × 10-7). We conducted gene-based burden tests for genes with a cumulative minor allele count (cMAC) ≥ 5 and variants with minor allele frequency (MAF) < 5%. TMPRSS5 and LDLRAD1 were significantly associated with prevalent MI and CHD, respectively, and RC3H2 and ANGPTL4 were significantly associated with incident MI and CHD, respectively. No loci were significantly associated with all-cause mortality following a MI or CHD event. CONCLUSION: This study identified one known locus (ANGPTL4) and four new loci (PLCL1, RC3H2, TMPRSS5, and LDLRAD1) associated with cardiovascular disease risk that warrant further investigation.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/genética , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Loci Gênicos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Estudos Transversais , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos
3.
Nat Genet ; 52(12): 1314-1332, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33230300

RESUMO

Genetic studies of blood pressure (BP) to date have mainly analyzed common variants (minor allele frequency > 0.05). In a meta-analysis of up to ~1.3 million participants, we discovered 106 new BP-associated genomic regions and 87 rare (minor allele frequency ≤ 0.01) variant BP associations (P < 5 × 10-8), of which 32 were in new BP-associated loci and 55 were independent BP-associated single-nucleotide variants within known BP-associated regions. Average effects of rare variants (44% coding) were ~8 times larger than common variant effects and indicate potential candidate causal genes at new and known loci (for example, GATA5 and PLCB3). BP-associated variants (including rare and common) were enriched in regions of active chromatin in fetal tissues, potentially linking fetal development with BP regulation in later life. Multivariable Mendelian randomization suggested possible inverse effects of elevated systolic and diastolic BP on large artery stroke. Our study demonstrates the utility of rare-variant analyses for identifying candidate genes and the results highlight potential therapeutic targets.

4.
Circ Res ; 127(9): 1182-1194, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32781905

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet count (PLT) are platelet measures that have been linked to cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality risk. Identifying protein biomarkers for these measures may yield insights into CVD mechanisms. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify causal protein biomarkers for MPV and PLT among 71 CVD-related plasma proteins measured in FHS (Framingham Heart Study) participants. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted integrative analyses of genetic variants associated with PLT/MPV with protein quantitative trait locus variants associated with plasma proteins followed by Mendelian randomization to infer causal relations of proteins for PLT/MPV. We also tested protein-PLT/MPV association in FHS participants. Using induced pluripotent stem cell-derived megakaryocyte clones that produce functional platelets, we conducted RNA-sequencing and analyzed expression differences between low- and high-platelet producing clones. We then performed small interfering RNA gene knockdown experiments targeting genes encoding proteins with putatively causal platelet effects in megakaryocyte clones to examine effects on platelet production. In protein-trait association analyses, ten proteins were associated with MPV and 31 with PLT. Mendelian randomization identified 4 putatively causal proteins for MPV and 4 for PLT. GP-5 (Glycoprotein V), GRN (granulin), and MCAM (melanoma cell adhesion molecule) were associated with PLT, while MPO (myeloperoxidase) showed significant association with MPV in both analyses. RNA-sequencing analysis results were directionally concordant with observed and Mendelian randomization-inferred associations for GP-5, GRN, and MCAM. In siRNA gene knockdown experiments, silencing GP-5, GRN, and MPO decreased PLTs. Genome-wide association study results suggest several of these may be linked to CVD risk. CONCLUSIONS: We identified 4 proteins that are causally linked to PLTs. These proteins may also have roles in the pathogenesis of CVD via a platelet/blood coagulation-based mechanism.

6.
JAMA Netw Open ; 3(2): e200023, 2020 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32101305

RESUMO

Importance: Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) is a trait associated with risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer, the 2 major disease categories that largely define longevity in the United States. However, it remains unclear whether LTL is associated with the human life span. Objective: To examine whether LTL is associated with the life span of contemporary humans. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included 3259 adults of European ancestry from the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS), Framingham Heart Study (FHS), and Women's Health Initiative (WHI). Leukocyte telomere length was measured in 1992 and 1997 in the CHS, from 1995 to 1998 in the FHS, and from 1993 to 1998 in the WHI. Data analysis was conducted from February 2017 to December 2019. Main Outcomes and Measures: Death and LTL, measured by Southern blots of the terminal restriction fragments, were the main outcomes. Cause of death was adjudicated by end point committees. Results: The analyzed sample included 3259 participants (2342 [71.9%] women), with a median (range) age of 69.0 (50.0-98.0) years at blood collection. The median (range) follow-up until death was 10.9 (0.2-23.0) years in CHS, 19.7 (3.4-23.0) years in FHS, and 16.6 (0.5-20.0) years in WHI. During follow-up, there were 1525 deaths (482 [31.6%] of cardiovascular disease; 373 [24.5%] of cancer, and 670 [43.9%] of other or unknown causes). Short LTL, expressed in residual LTL, was associated with increased mortality risk. Overall, the hazard ratio for all-cause mortality for a 1-kilobase decrease in LTL was 1.34 (95% CI, 1.21-1.47). This association was stronger for noncancer causes of death (cardiovascular death: hazard ratio, 1.28; 95% CI, 1.08-1.52; cancer: hazard ratio, 1.13; 95% CI, 0.93-1.36; and other causes: hazard ratio, 1.53; 95% CI, 1.32-1.77). Conclusions and Relevance: The results of this study indicate that LTL is associated with a natural life span limit in contemporary humans.


Assuntos
Leucócitos/fisiologia , Expectativa de Vida , Telômero/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/mortalidade
7.
Nat Med ; 25(11): 1739-1747, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31700183

RESUMO

Type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance and a gradual loss of pancreatic beta cell mass and function1,2. Currently, there are no therapies proven to prevent beta cell loss and some, namely insulin secretagogues, have been linked to accelerated beta cell failure, thereby limiting their use in type 2 diabetes3,4. The adipokine adipsin/complement factor D controls the alternative complement pathway and generation of complement component C3a, which acts to augment beta cell insulin secretion5. In contrast to other insulin secretagogues, we show that chronic replenishment of adipsin in diabetic db/db mice ameliorates hyperglycemia and increases insulin levels while preserving beta cells by blocking dedifferentiation and death. Mechanistically, we find that adipsin/C3a decreases the phosphatase Dusp26; forced expression of Dusp26 in beta cells decreases expression of core beta cell identity genes and sensitizes to cell death. In contrast, pharmacological inhibition of DUSP26 improves hyperglycemia in diabetic mice and protects human islet cells from cell death. Pertaining to human health, we show that higher concentrations of circulating adipsin are associated with a significantly lower risk of developing future diabetes among middle-aged adults after adjusting for body mass index (BMI). Collectively, these data suggest that adipsin/C3a and DUSP26-directed therapies may represent a novel approach to achieve beta cell health to treat and prevent type 2 diabetes.


Assuntos
Complemento C3a/genética , Fator D do Complemento/farmacologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Fosfatases de Especificidade Dupla/genética , Células Secretoras de Insulina/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosfatases da Proteína Quinase Ativada por Mitógeno/genética , Animais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Desdiferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator D do Complemento/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patologia , Glucose/metabolismo , Humanos , Hiperglicemia/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperglicemia/genética , Hiperglicemia/patologia , Insulina/genética , Resistência à Insulina/genética , Células Secretoras de Insulina/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD
8.
Nat Genet ; 51(11): 1580-1587, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31659325

RESUMO

Aortic calcification is an important independent predictor of future cardiovascular events. We performed a genome-wide association meta-analysis to determine SNPs associated with the extent of abdominal aortic calcification (n = 9,417) or descending thoracic aortic calcification (n = 8,422). Two genetic loci, HDAC9 and RAP1GAP, were associated with abdominal aortic calcification at a genome-wide level (P < 5.0 × 10-8). No SNPs were associated with thoracic aortic calcification at the genome-wide threshold. Increased expression of HDAC9 in human aortic smooth muscle cells promoted calcification and reduced contractility, while inhibition of HDAC9 in human aortic smooth muscle cells inhibited calcification and enhanced cell contractility. In matrix Gla protein-deficient mice, a model of human vascular calcification, mice lacking HDAC9 had a 40% reduction in aortic calcification and improved survival. This translational genomic study identifies the first genetic risk locus associated with calcification of the abdominal aorta and describes a previously unknown role for HDAC9 in the development of vascular calcification.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/patologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , Histona Desacetilases/fisiologia , Contração Muscular , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/fisiologia , Calcificação Vascular/patologia , Idoso , Animais , Aorta/metabolismo , Aorta/patologia , Aterosclerose/genética , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Proteínas Ativadoras de GTPase/genética , Proteínas Ativadoras de GTPase/metabolismo , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Histona Desacetilases/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Calcificação Vascular/genética , Calcificação Vascular/metabolismo
9.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4267, 2019 09 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31537805

RESUMO

Identifying methylation quantitative trait loci (meQTLs) and integrating them with disease-associated variants from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) may illuminate functional mechanisms underlying genetic variant-disease associations. Here, we perform GWAS of >415 thousand CpG methylation sites in whole blood from 4170 individuals and map 4.7 million cis- and 630 thousand trans-meQTL variants targeting >120 thousand CpGs. Independent replication is performed in 1347 participants from two studies. By linking cis-meQTL variants with GWAS results for cardiovascular disease (CVD) traits, we identify 92 putatively causal CpGs for CVD traits by Mendelian randomization analysis. Further integrating gene expression data reveals evidence of cis CpG-transcript pairs causally linked to CVD. In addition, we identify 22 trans-meQTL hotspots each targeting more than 30 CpGs and find that trans-meQTL hotspots appear to act in cis on expression of nearby transcriptional regulatory genes. Our findings provide a powerful meQTL resource and shed light on DNA methylation involvement in human diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética , Idoso , Ilhas de CpG/genética , Feminino , Genoma Humano , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética
10.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2581, 2019 06 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31197173

RESUMO

Despite existing reports on differential DNA methylation in type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obesity, our understanding of its functional relevance remains limited. Here we show the effect of differential methylation in the early phases of T2D pathology by a blood-based epigenome-wide association study of 4808 non-diabetic Europeans in the discovery phase and 11,750 individuals in the replication. We identify CpGs in LETM1, RBM20, IRS2, MAN2A2 and the 1q25.3 region associated with fasting insulin, and in FCRL6, SLAMF1, APOBEC3H and the 15q26.1 region with fasting glucose. In silico cross-omics analyses highlight the role of differential methylation in the crosstalk between the adaptive immune system and glucose homeostasis. The differential methylation explains at least 16.9% of the association between obesity and insulin. Our study sheds light on the biological interactions between genetic variants driving differential methylation and gene expression in the early pathogenesis of T2D.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA/fisiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Glucose/metabolismo , Insulina/metabolismo , Obesidade/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Simulação por Computador , Ilhas de CpG/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Epigênese Genética/fisiologia , Epigenômica/métodos , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Homeostase/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
Hypertension ; 73(2): 497-503, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30624993

RESUMO

Genetic variants at SH2B3 are associated with blood pressure and circulating ß2M (ß-2 microglobulin), a well-characterized kidney filtration biomarker. We hypothesize that circulating ß2M is an independent risk predictor of hypertension and may causally contribute to its development. The study sample consisted of 7 065 Framingham Heart Study participants with measurements of plasma ß2M. Generalized estimating equations were used to test the association of ß2M with prevalent and new-onset hypertension. There were 2 145 (30%) cases of prevalent hypertension at baseline and 886 (21%) cases of incident hypertension during 6 years of follow-up. A 1-SD increase in baseline plasma ß2M was associated with a greater risk of prevalent (odds ratio 1.14, 95% CI 1.05-1.24) and new-onset (odds ratio 1.18, 95% CI 1.07-1.32) hypertension. Individuals within the top ß2M quartile had a greater risk than the bottom quartile for prevalent (odds ratio 1.29, 95% CI 1.05-1.57) and new-onset (odds ratio 1.59, 95% CI 1.20-2.11) hypertension. These associations remained essentially unchanged in analyses restricted to participants free of albuminuria and chronic kidney disease. Mendelian randomization demonstrated that lower SH2B3 expression is causal for increased circulating ß2M levels, and in a hypertensive mouse model, knockout of Sh2b3 increased ß 2 M gene expression. In a community-based study of healthy individuals, higher plasma ß2M levels are associated with increased risk of prevalent and incident hypertension independent of chronic kidney disease status. Overlapping genetic signals for hypertension and ß2M, in conjunction with mouse knockout experiments, suggest that the SH2B3-ß2M axis plays a causal role in hypertension.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Proteínas/fisiologia , Microglobulina beta-2/fisiologia , Adulto , Animais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/etiologia , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular , Masculino , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
12.
Hum Genet ; 138(2): 199-210, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30671673

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated low-frequency and rare variants associated with blood pressure (BP) by focusing on a linkage region on chromosome 16p13. We used whole genome sequencing (WGS) data obtained through the NHLBI Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) program on 395 Cleveland Family Study (CFS) European Americans (CFS-EA). By analyzing functional coding variants and non-coding rare variants with CADD score > 10 residing within the chromosomal region in families with linkage evidence, we observed 25 genes with nominal statistical evidence (burden or SKAT p < 0.05). One of the genes is RBFOX1, an evolutionarily conserved RNA-binding protein that regulates tissue-specific alternative splicing that we previously reported to be associated with BP using exome array data in CFS. After follow-up analysis of the 25 genes in ten independent TOPMed studies with individuals of European, African, and East Asian ancestry, and Hispanics (N = 29,988), we identified variants in SLX4 (p = 2.19 × 10-4) to be significantly associated with BP traits when accounting for multiple testing. We also replicated the associations previously reported for RBFOX1 (p = 0.007). Follow-up analysis with GTEx eQTL data shows SLX4 variants are associated with gene expression in coronary artery, multiple brain tissues, and right atrial appendage of the heart. Our study demonstrates that linkage analysis of family data can provide an efficient approach for detecting rare variants associated with complex traits in WGS data.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 16/genética , Exoma , Ligação Genética , Variação Genética , Genoma Humano , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Processamento Alternativo/genética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Processamento de RNA/genética , Recombinases/genética
13.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 39(1): 107-115, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30580566

RESUMO

Objective- Mechanisms of early and late improvements in cardiovascular risk after bariatric surgery and applicability to larger, at-risk populations remain unclear. We aimed to identify proteins altered after bariatric surgery and their relations to metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus. Approach and Results- We identified 19 proteins altered in 32 nonfasting plasma samples from a study of patients undergoing bariatric surgery who were evaluated preoperatively (visit 1) versus both early (visit 2; ≈3 months) and late (visit 3; ≈12 months) postoperative follow-up using predefined protein panels (Olink). Using in silico methods and publicly available gene expression repositories, we found that genes encoding 8 out of 19 proteins had highest expression in liver relative to other assayed tissues, with the top biological and disease processes, including major obesity-related vascular diseases. Of 19 candidate proteins in the surgical cohort, 6 were previously measured in >3000 FHS (Framingham Heart Study) participants (IGFBP [insulin-like growth factor binding protein]-1, IGFBP-2, P-selectin, CD163, LDL (low-density lipoprotein)-receptor, and PAI [plasminogen activator inhibitor]-1). A higher concentration of IGFBP-2 at baseline was associated with a lower risk of incident metabolic syndrome (odds ratio per log-normal unit, 0.45; 95% CI, 0.32-0.64; P=7.7×10-6) and diabetes mellitus (odds ratio, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.49-0.79; P=0.0001) after multivariable adjustment. Conclusions- Using a directed protein quantification platform (Olink), we identified known and novel proteins altered after surgical weight loss, including IGFBP-2. Future efforts in well-defined obesity intervention settings may further define and validate novel targets for the prevention of vascular disease in obesity.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Proteínas Sanguíneas/análise , Resistência à Insulina , Perda de Peso , Adulto , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Proteína 2 de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante à Insulina/sangue , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/prevenção & controle , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/sangue , Selectina-P/sangue
14.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 5141, 2018 12 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30510157

RESUMO

Carotid artery intima media thickness (cIMT) and carotid plaque are measures of subclinical atherosclerosis associated with ischemic stroke and coronary heart disease (CHD). Here, we undertake meta-analyses of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in 71,128 individuals for cIMT, and 48,434 individuals for carotid plaque traits. We identify eight novel susceptibility loci for cIMT, one independent association at the previously-identified PINX1 locus, and one novel locus for carotid plaque. Colocalization analysis with nearby vascular expression quantitative loci (cis-eQTLs) derived from arterial wall and metabolic tissues obtained from patients with CHD identifies candidate genes at two potentially additional loci, ADAMTS9 and LOXL4. LD score regression reveals significant genetic correlations between cIMT and plaque traits, and both cIMT and plaque with CHD, any stroke subtype and ischemic stroke. Our study provides insights into genes and tissue-specific regulatory mechanisms linking atherosclerosis both to its functional genomic origins and its clinical consequences in humans.


Assuntos
Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Doença das Coronárias/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Placa Aterosclerótica/genética , Proteína ADAMTS9/genética , Aminoácido Oxirredutases/genética , Doença das Coronárias/patologia , Humanos , Escore Lod , Placa Aterosclerótica/patologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética , Fatores de Risco
15.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 3853, 2018 09 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30228274

RESUMO

In the originally published version of this Article, financial support was not fully acknowledged. The sentence "KS was supported by the 'Biomedical Research Program' funds at Weill Cornell Medicine in Qatar, a program funded by the Qatar Foundation" has been added to the acknowledgement section in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article.

16.
Eur Heart J ; 39(44): 3961-3969, 2018 11 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30169657

RESUMO

Aims: Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) accounts for 10% of adult mortality in Western populations. We aim to identify potential loci associated with SCA and to identify risk factors causally associated with SCA. Methods and results: We carried out a large genome-wide association study (GWAS) for SCA (n = 3939 cases, 25 989 non-cases) to examine common variation genome-wide and in candidate arrhythmia genes. We also exploited Mendelian randomization (MR) methods using cross-trait multi-variant genetic risk score associations (GRSA) to assess causal relationships of 18 risk factors with SCA. No variants were associated with SCA at genome-wide significance, nor were common variants in candidate arrhythmia genes associated with SCA at nominal significance. Using cross-trait GRSA, we established genetic correlation between SCA and (i) coronary artery disease (CAD) and traditional CAD risk factors (blood pressure, lipids, and diabetes), (ii) height and BMI, and (iii) electrical instability traits (QT and atrial fibrillation), suggesting aetiologic roles for these traits in SCA risk. Conclusions: Our findings show that a comprehensive approach to the genetic architecture of SCA can shed light on the determinants of a complex life-threatening condition with multiple influencing factors in the general population. The results of this genetic analysis, both positive and negative findings, have implications for evaluating the genetic architecture of patients with a family history of SCA, and for efforts to prevent SCA in high-risk populations and the general community.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/genética , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/genética , Feminino , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
17.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 3268, 2018 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30111768

RESUMO

Identifying genetic variants associated with circulating protein concentrations (protein quantitative trait loci; pQTLs) and integrating them with variants from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) may illuminate the proteome's causal role in disease and bridge a knowledge gap regarding SNP-disease associations. We provide the results of GWAS of 71 high-value cardiovascular disease proteins in 6861 Framingham Heart Study participants and independent external replication. We report the mapping of over 16,000 pQTL variants and their functional relevance. We provide an integrated plasma protein-QTL database. Thirteen proteins harbor pQTL variants that match coronary disease-risk variants from GWAS or test causal for coronary disease by Mendelian randomization. Eight of these proteins predict new-onset cardiovascular disease events in Framingham participants. We demonstrate that identifying pQTLs, integrating them with GWAS results, employing Mendelian randomization, and prospectively testing protein-trait associations holds potential for elucidating causal genes, proteins, and pathways for cardiovascular disease and may identify targets for its prevention and treatment.


Assuntos
Proteínas Sanguíneas/genética , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética , Adulto , Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fatores de Risco , Transdução de Sinais/genética
18.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 7(14)2018 07 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30006491

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The discovery of novel and highly predictive biomarkers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) has the potential to improve risk-stratification methods and may be informative regarding biological pathways contributing to disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used a discovery proteomic platform that targeted high-value proteins for CVD to ascertain 85 circulating protein biomarkers in 3523 Framingham Heart Study participants (mean age, 62 years; 53% women). Using multivariable-adjusted Cox models to account for clinical variables, we found 8 biomarkers associated with incident atherosclerotic CVD, 18 with incident heart failure, 38 with all-cause mortality, and 35 with CVD death (false discovery rate, q<0.05 for all; P-value ranges, 9.8×10-34 to 3.6×10-2). Notably, a number of regulators of metabolic and adipocyte homeostasis were associated with cardiovascular events, including insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1), insulin-like growth factor binding protein 1 (IGFBP1), insulin-like growth factor binding protein 2 (IGFBP2), leptin, and adipsin. In a multimarker approach that accounted for clinical factors, growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15) was associated with all outcomes. In addition, N-terminal pro-b-type natriuretic peptide, C-reactive protein, and leptin were associated with incident heart failure, and C-type lectin domain family 3 member B (CLEC3B; tetranectin), N-terminal pro-b-type natriuretic peptide, arabinogalactan protein 1 (AGP1), soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE), peripheral myelin protein 2 (PMP2), uncarboxylated matrix Gla protein (UCMGP), kallikrein B1 (KLKB1), IGFBP2, IGF1, leptin receptor, and cystatin-C were associated with all-cause mortality in a multimarker model. CONCLUSIONS: We identified numerous protein biomarkers that predicted cardiovascular outcomes and all-cause mortality, including biomarkers representing regulators of metabolic homeostasis and inflammatory pathways. Further studies are needed to validate our findings and define clinical utility, with the ultimate goal of improving strategies for CVD prevention.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Proteômica , Idoso , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Vida Independente , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
19.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 7(5)2018 03 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29502103

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Platelet function is associated with adverse events in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined associations of baseline platelet function with incident CVD events in the community-based FHS (Framingham Heart Study). Participants free of prevalent CVD and without recent aspirin treatment with available data in the Framingham Offspring cohort (1991-1995) and Omni cohort (1994-1998) were included. Platelet function was measured with light transmission aggregometry using collagen (1.9 µg/mL), ADP (0.05-15 µmol/L), and epinephrine (0.01-15 µmol/L). We used proportional hazards models to analyze incident outcomes (myocardial infarction/stroke, CVD, and CVD mortality) with respect to platelet measures. The study sample included 2831 participants (average age, 54.3 years; 57% women). During follow-up (median, 20.4 years), we observed 191 composite incident myocardial infarction or stroke events, 432 incident CVD cases, and 117 CVD deaths. Hyperreactivity to ADP and platelet aggregation at ADP concentration of 1.0 µmol/L were significantly associated with incident myocardial infarction/stroke in a multivariable model (hazard ratio, 1.68 [95% confidence interval, 1.13-2.50] [P=0.011] for hyperreactivity across ADP doses; and hazard ratio, 1.16 [95% confidence interval, 1.02-1.33] [P=0.029] for highest quartile of ADP response at 1.0 µmol/L versus others). No association was observed for collagen lag time or any epinephrine measures with incident myocardial infarction or stroke. CONCLUSIONS: Intrinsic hyperreactivity to low-dose ADP in our community-based sample, who were free of CVD and any antiplatelet therapy, is associated with future arterial thrombosis during a 20-year follow-up. These findings reinforce ADP activation inhibition as a critical treatment paradigm and encourage further study of ADP inhibitor-refractive populations.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/metabolismo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Agregação Plaquetária , Testes de Função Plaquetária , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Massachusetts/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/sangue , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Trombose/sangue , Trombose/diagnóstico , Trombose/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging ; 11(1): e006209, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29305347

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease and freedom from coronary artery calcium (CAC). Prospective data on the association between maintenance of optimal CVH and the progression of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis are limited. We assessed the influence of unfavorable versus favorable CVH on the incidence of CAC progression. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study population consisted of 1119 FHS (Framingham Heart Study) participants who attended the serial FHS MDCT I and MDCT II study (Multi-Detector Computed Tomography) and had a zero Agatston CAC score at baseline. CVH status was defined using 6 CVH metrics from the American Heart Association definition. CAC progression was defined by an increase in Agatston CAC score to ≥3.4. Generalized estimating equations were applied to identify significant associations of CAC progression with both the baseline measurement of CVH and the longitudinal maintenance of CVH. After follow-up (mean, 6.1 years), we observed CAC progression in 191 participants (17.1%). Participants with unfavorable CVH at baseline had a greater risk of CAC progression (odds ratio, 2.43; 95% confidence interval, 1.40-4.23; P=0.0017). In addition, each unit decrease in ideal CVH metric was associated with an increase in CAC progression (odds ratio, 1.15; 95% confidence interval, 0.99-1.34; P=0.067), after adjustment for baseline ideal CVH metrics. CONCLUSIONS: Significant associations between an unfavorable CVH profile and CAC progression support public health measures that seek to prevent cardiovascular disease by promoting favorable CVH profiles in persons free of clinical and subclinical cardiovascular disease.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Cardiovasculares/patologia , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Calcificação Vascular/patologia , Idoso , Biomarcadores/análise , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Calcificação Vascular/epidemiologia
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