Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 517
Filtrar
1.
Food Chem ; 320: 126656, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32224424

RESUMO

The influence of temperature-time combinations on non-volatile compound and taste traits of beef semitendinosus muscles tested by the electronic tongue was studied. Single-stage sous-vide at 60 and 70 °C (6 and 12 h), and two-stage sous-vide that sequentially cooked at 45 °C (3 h) and 60 °C (either 3 or 9 h) were compared with traditional cooking at 70 °C (30 min). Umami was better explained in the given model of partial least squares regression than astringency, sourness, saltiness, bitterness, and richness. Sous-vide at 70 °C for 12 h characterized the most umami, likely adenosine-5'-monophosphate (AMP) and guanosine-5'-monophosphate (GMP) as significant contributors. Two-stage sous-vide projected higher histidine, leucine, inosine, and hypoxanthine with the astringent and sour taste significant after 6 and 12 h cooking, respectively. Equivalent umami concentration (EUC) between umami amino acids and umami nucleotides showed a strong relationship to umami taste assessed by the electronic tongue.

4.
Neuropediatrics ; 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32143221

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether modified constraint-induced movement therapy (mCIMT) with continuous restraint is feasible and effective in improving the use of the paretic arm in the real world among infants and toddlers with unilateral cerebral palsy (CP). DESIGN: Single-blind randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Tertiary hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Children aged 7 to 36 months with unilateral CP (N = 24; 16 boys, 8 girls). INTERVENTION: The experimental group received 2-hour clinic-based mCIMT sessions (5 days per week for 3 weeks), and a continuous restraint was applied. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Standardized assessments were conducted. Peabody Developmental Motor Scales-2 (PDMS-2), Gross Motor Function Measure-66, Pediatric Motor Activity Log (PMAL), and Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory were measured pre- and postintervention. Children who agreed to participate in the accelerometer study additionally wore accelerometers on both their wrists for 3 days before and after the intervention. RESULTS: The mCIMT group exhibited greater improvement in PMAL-how often (p = 0.048; ηp2 = 0.173), PMAL-how well (p = 0.008; ηp2 = 0.289), and PDMS-2 visual motor integration (p = 0.014; ηp2 = 0.256) posttreatment than the control group. The percentage of time in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (z = -2.24; p = 0.03) and vector magnitude average counts (z = -2.52; p = 0.01) significantly increased in children in who wore accelerometers (N = 8) after the 3-week mCIMT protocol. CONCLUSION: mCIMT with continuous restraint applied to infants and toddlers with unilateral CP appeared to have a positive effect on paretic hand use in the real world. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03418519.

5.
Foods ; 9(3)2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32110974

RESUMO

Behaviour of umami compounds that are associated with non-volatile compounds on slow cooking regimes remains less explored. This study aims to assess the ability of the electronic tongue system on the umami taste from sous-vide beef semitendinosus. The identification was based on the taste-enhancing synergism between umami compounds 5'-nucleotides (IMP, GMP, AMP, inosine, and hypoxanthine) and free amino acids (glutamic and aspartic acid) using the estimation of equivalent umami concentration (EUC) and electronic tongue system. Sous-vide cooked at 60 and 70 °C for 6 and 12 h and cooked using the conventional method at 70 °C for 30 min (as control) were compared. The temperature had a significant effect on 5'-nucleotides, but aspartic and glutamic acid were not influenced by any treatments applied. Sous-vide cooked at 60 °C tended to have higher inosine and hypoxanthine. Meanwhile, desirable 5'-nucleotides IMP, AMP, and GMP were more intensified at the temperature of 70 °C. The principal component analysis predicted a good correlation between EUC and the electronic tongue, with sous-vide at 70 °C for 12 h presenting the most umami. Therefore, the electronic tongue system is a useful tool in food processing, particularly in determining complex sensory properties such as umami, which cannot be evaluated objectively.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32090375

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Few studies have evaluated the change in serum pepsinogen (sPG) levels after the eradication of Helicobacter pylori. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of H. pylori eradication on sPG levels in patients with gastric cancer/dysplasia in comparison to a control group. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 368 patients with gastric cancer/dysplasia and 610 control subjects. H. pylori status and sPG levels were measured before and after eradication. The follow-up time points were classified as < 12, 12-23, 24-35, and ≥ 36 months. RESULTS: In 179 H. pylori-eradicated patients with gastric cancer/dysplasia and 168 control group subjects, sPG I significantly decreased, and the sPG I/II ratio significantly increased after eradication compared to baseline, and this improvement in sPG values was maintained during all follow-up time points. Significant differences in sPG I and the sPG I/II ratio were observed between the gastric cancer/dysplasia group and the control group < 24 months after eradication. However, these differences in sPG values disappeared after ≥ 24 months of follow up. Moreover, significant differences in the intestinal metaplasia grade were observed between these two groups before eradication until < 24 months after eradication. However, these differences in the intestinal metaplasia grade disappeared after ≥ 24 months of follow up in the corpus. CONCLUSION: The sPG values and intestinal metaplasia grade (corpus) in the gastric cancer/dysplasia group became similar to those in the control group at long-term follow up after H. pylori eradication. It might be related with the reduction of metachronous gastric neoplasm.

7.
Anat Sci Int ; 2020 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32086765

RESUMO

We investigated changes in the cranial/cephalic index of the Korean population in millennia, centuries, and recent decades. Secular changes of Korean's cephalic index in history were studied using the data of archaeology literature and our measurement data of different adult skull sets for the fifteenth-nineteenth century Joseon people, the Korean War victims (1950-1953), and the Korean skeletons collected by medical schools in the 1960s. A change in head shape during the last century was also estimated by the analysis on Korean cephalometric datasets of Korean Research Institute of Standards and Science. In brief, over the past 2000 years, the crania of Korean people have steadily changed from mesocephalic to brachycephalic, mainly due to the cranial length shortening. Brachycephalization accelerated at the beginning of the twentieth century and continued until the early twenty-first century, largely caused by increased cephalic breadth. We also note that debrachycephalization began in birth cohorts around 1965 for males and around 1970 for females. Taken together, we figure out that the head shape of Korean people has been gradually shortened over millennia and then has undergone dramatic shortening in the last century. In recent decades, however, the changing pattern has reversed to debrachycephalization, for which we discussed about the possible causes in the present report.

8.
Eur J Nutr ; 2020 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927671

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study was to see the effects of a balanced Korean diet (BKD) on metabolic risk factors in overweight or obese Korean adults, comparing with those of a typical American diet (TAD) and a diet recommended by the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (2010DGA). METHODS: The study was designed as a randomized crossover controlled trial, in which 61 overweight or obese volunteers were divided into six groups and each consumed the BKD, 2010DGA, and TAD in a random order for 4 weeks separated by 2-week washout intervals. Anthropometric indices, blood pressure, blood lipid content, fasting blood glucose, and blood insulin level were measured at the beginning and end of each diet period. RESULTS: A total of 54 participants completed the trial. The BKD caused more significant reductions of body mass index (BMI) (p < 0.001), body fat percent (p < 0.001), blood total cholesterol (p < 0.001), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (p = 0.007) compared with the 2010DGA or TAD (all p values for differences between diets < 0.05). All three diets significantly lowered blood triglyceride levels (p < 0.05). The BKD decreased high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (p = 0.001) and increased fasting blood glucose (p = 0.018), whereas TAD and 2010DGA increased HDL cholesterol and did not affect blood glucose levels. Furthermore, the BKD significantly decreased the proportion of individuals with elevated total cholesterol (p < 0.001) and LDL cholesterol (p < 0.01), whereas the 2010DGA significantly reduced the number of obese individuals (p < 0.05), and the TAD decreased the number of participants with elevated triglyceride levels (p < 0.05), but increased that of those with elevated LDL cholesterol (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The Korean diet based on dietary guidelines improved metabolic risk factors such as BMI, body fat percent, and blood lipid profiles in overweight or obese Korean adults. These results provide evidence to recommend the Korean diet for preventing various metabolic diseases. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: The trial was registered at the Clinical Research Information Service (CRIS) in Korea, the primary registry of the World Health Organization (WHO) international clinical trial registry platform, under number KCT0002437.

9.
Nurs Health Sci ; 22(1): 126-133, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657511

RESUMO

Although healthcare-associated infection is preventable, low compliance with infection prevention and control practices has been a significant issue for hospitals. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes, perceived safe environment, and compliance of clinical nurses and to identify the factors contributing to compliance with infection prevention and control practices. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 197 nurses who worked in university hospitals in Korea. Data were collected using a self-administrated questionnaire. Nurses correctly answered 67.4% of the questions regarding infection prevention and control knowledge, with the lowest correct scores (55%) related to multidrug-resistant organisms. Nurses demonstrated favorable attitudes toward infection prevention and control (6.5 of 8) and favorable perceptions regarding safe environment (7.75 of 9). The overall compliance score was 87.41 of 100. Nurses' attitudes, perceived safe environment, and period of clinical experience had significant positive contributions to compliance. Among employment departments, the intensive care unit was associated with higher compliance. Our findings indicate that institutional support for safe environments should be combined with ongoing education for improving knowledge and attitudes of nurses, especially in general wards.

10.
Restor Dent Endod ; 44(4): e39, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31799167

RESUMO

The present report presents a case of dens invaginatus (DI) in a patient with 4 maxillary incisors. A 24-year-old female complained of swelling of the maxillary left anterior region and discoloration of the maxillary left anterior tooth. The maxillary left lateral incisor (tooth #22) showed pulp necrosis and a chronic apical abscess, and a periapical X-ray demonstrated DI on bilateral maxillary central and lateral incisors. All teeth responded to a vitality test, except tooth #22. The anatomic form of tooth #22 was similar to that of tooth #12, and both teeth had lingual pits. In addition, panoramic and periapical X-rays demonstrated root canal calcification, such as pulp stones, in the maxillary canines, first and second premolars, and the mandibular incisors, canines, and first premolars bilaterally. The patient underwent root canal treatment of tooth #22 and non-vital tooth bleaching. After a temporary filling material was removed, the invaginated mass was removed using ultrasonic tips under an operating microscope. The working length was established, and the root canal was enlarged up to #50 apical size and obturated with gutta-percha and AH 26 sealer using the continuous wave of condensation technique. Finally, non-vital bleaching was performed, and the access cavity was filled with composite resin.

11.
J Acoust Soc Am ; 146(5): EL444, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795711

RESUMO

English [É«] exhibits retracted tongue dorsum and low F2 frequencies compared to Korean [l], but is frequently asserted to be perceptually similar to Korean [l] and therefore difficult for Korean learners to acquire due to articulatory transfer. This study examines the articulatory and acoustic characteristics of Korean and English word-final laterals produced by Korean learners. Korean learners' productions of English [É«] were systematically different from Korean [l], with retracted tongue dorsum and low F2 similar to L1 English [É«]. The findings suggest Korean learners form a distinct phonetic category for English [É«] rather than modifying an existing Korean category.

13.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 16952, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740684

RESUMO

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is one of the main causes of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Genetic information is of the utmost importance in understanding pathogenesis of ADPKD. Therefore, this study aimed to demonstrate the genetic characteristics of ADPKD and their effects on renal function in 749 Korean ADPKD subjects from 524 unrelated families. Genetic studies of PKD1/2 were performed using targeted exome sequencing combined with Sanger sequencing in exon 1 of the PKD1 gene and a multiple ligation probe assay. The mutation detection rate was 80.7% (423/524 families, 331 mutations) and 70.7% was novel. PKD1 protein-truncating (PKD1-PT) genotype was associated with younger age at diagnosis, larger kidney volume, lower renal function compared to PKD1 non-truncating and PKD2 genotypes. The PKD1 genotype showed earlier onset of ESRD compared to PKD2 genotype (64.9 vs. 72.9 years old, P < 0.001). In frailty model controlled for age, gender, and familial clustering effect, PKD2 genotype had 0.2 times lower risk for reaching ESRD than PKD1-PT genotype (p = 0.037). In conclusion, our results suggest that genotyping can contribute to selecting rapid progressors for new emerging therapeutic interventions among Koreans.

14.
J Food Sci Technol ; 56(11): 4809-4816, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31741505

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of rigor state on physicochemical characteristics and the oxidative stability of chicken leg and breast muscles as a function of freezing time. Breast and leg muscles were excised from 24 broiler chickens at 30 min or 1.5 h postmortem (PM), frozen overnight at - 75 °C immediately, and then stored at - 20 °C for 90 days to measure the meat quality traits. Results showed that longer freezing led to deterioration of meat quality with higher deterioration for post-rigor frozen muscles. Pre-rigor frozen muscles had higher pH, water holding capacity (around 90%), and sarcomere length with a lower thaw and cook loss than post-rigor frozen muscles. The Warner-Bartzler shear force (WBSF) values for chicken leg and breast muscles were insignificant (except pre-rigor leg muscles which had significantly higher WBSF value only at 90th day of storage). The lightness (L*) value increased significantly with increasing storage for all samples. Post-rigor muscles had significantly higher TBARS values (0.62 mg MDA/kg) than the pre-rigor muscles. The leg muscles had better physicochemical characteristics compared to breast muscles, except for the cook loss. Therefore, immediate freezing (prior to onset of rigor) could be an effective way to minimize the quality deterioration of frozen chicken muscles.

15.
Foods ; 8(11)2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31766278

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effects of slaughter age and post-mortem time on meat quality traits, tenderness, histochemical analyses, and perimysium thickness in the longissimus thoracis (LT) muscle of the Korean native black goat (KNBG) maintained at 4 °C for up to 21 days post mortem. Samples of LT muscle were obtained from the carcasses of 24 KNBGs, including old and young goats (AG, n = 12, 18 months of age; YG, n = 12, 9 months of age), to measure all analyses during 21 days of post-mortem time. AGs had a higher percentage of type I fiber but a lower percentage of type IIA fiber than YGs (p < 0.05). AGs had higher a* value, lower released water (RW) %, and higher Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF) value than YGs (p < 0.05). The perimysium thickness (PMT) of AGs was also higher than that of YGs (p < 0.05). Although the PMT did not change during post-mortem period, the WBSF value of AGs was higher than that of YGs after 21 days post mortem (p < 0.05). The results imply that AGs are tougher than YGs due to their muscle fiber characteristics and thicker perimysium.

16.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31728579

RESUMO

Maternal RNAs and proteins in the oocyte contribute to early embryonic development. After fertilization, these maternal factors are cleared and embryonic development is determined by an individual's own RNAs and proteins, in a process called the maternal-to-zygotic transition. Zygotic transcription is initially inactive, but is eventually activated by maternal transcription factors. The timing and molecular mechanisms involved in zygotic genome activation (ZGA) have been well-described in many species. Among birds, a transcriptome-based understanding of ZGA has only been explored in chickens by RNA sequencing of intrauterine embryos. RNA sequencing of chicken intrauterine embryos, including oocytes, zygotes, and Eyal-Giladi and Kochav (EGK) stages I-X has enabled the identification of differentially expressed genes between consecutive stages. These studies have revealed that there are two waves of ZGA: a minor wave at the one-cell stage (shortly after fertilization) and a major wave between EGK.III and EGK.VI (during cellularization). In the chicken, the maternal genome is activated during minor ZGA and the paternal genome is quiescent until major ZGA to avoid transcription from supernumerary sperm nuclei. In this review, we provide a detailed overview of events in intrauterine embryonic development in birds (and particularly in chickens), as well as a transcriptome-based analysis of ZGA.

17.
Oncol Lett ; 18(5): 4645-4650, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31611973

RESUMO

Tumor microenvironment serves an important role in tumor growth and metastasis. Cancer cells can promote growth and malignancy by altering the surrounding stroma. Cancer-associated fibroblast (CAF) are an abundant cell type present within the tumor microenvironment and provide tumorigenic features by secreting cytokines. In the current study, the CAF-mediated invasion of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) was investigated and the associated mechanisms were elucidated. Cancer invasion was estimated using a Matrigel-coated Transwell chamber and FITC-gelatin matrix. To verify the effect of the tumor microenvironment, conditioned media (CM) from normal fibroblast (NF) and CAFs were prepared. An ELISA was performed to estimate the level of IL-1ß. A proteome profiler human protease array was performed to verify the proteases affected by stimulation with CM, from CAF. Recombinant IL-1ß protein increased the invasion of OSCC cells. IL-1ß expression was higher in CAF than NF. CM from CAF (CM-CAF) increased cancer invasion and FITC-gelatin matrix degradation. The invasive capacity provided by CAF was abrogated by an IL-1 receptor (IL-1R) antagonist. Additionally, CM-CAF increased the secretion of ADAM 9 and Kallikrein 11 from OSCC cells. The invasion activity by CM-CAF was partially abrogated by the neutralization of ADAM 9 or Kallikrein 11. In conclusion, by providing stromal factor, CAFs were a critical inducer of OSCC invasion, and CAF secretes the required amount of IL-1ß to increase cancer invasion activity. The invasive capacity of CAF was identified to be IL-1R-dependent. ADAM 9 and Kallikrein 11 were influencing factors involved in the increase of CAF-mediated cancer invasion.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31591335

RESUMO

: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is one of the major public health concerns, which has a high prevalence rate and causes significant decline in men's quality of life. BPH is highly related to sexual hormone metabolism and aging. In particular, dihydrotestosterone (DHT), to which testosterone is modified by 5α-reductase (5AR), has a significant effect on BPH development. DHT binds to an androgen receptor (AR) and steroid receptor coactivator 1 (SRC-1); then, it induces the proliferation of a prostate cell and expression of prostate specific antigen (PSA). Paecilomyces tenuipes (P. tenuipes) is a mushroom that has been popularized by the artificial cultivation of fruiting bodies based on silkworms by researchers from the Republic of Korea. In a previous study, we identified the effect of PE on PSA mRNA expression in LNCaP cells. This suggests that PE may have an inhibitory effect on androgen signaling. Therefore, we confirmed the expression of androgen signaling-related factors, such as AR, SRC-1, and PSA in LNCaP. Furthermore, we confirmed the androgen signaling inhibitory effect of PE using the testosterone propionate (TP)-induced BPH rat model. A BPH rat model was established with a four-week treatment of daily subcutaneous injections of testosterone propionate (TP, 3 mg/kg) dissolved in corn oil after castration. The rats in the treatment group were orally gavaged P. tenuipes extract (PE), finasteride (Fi), or saw palmetto extract (Saw) with TP injection. DHT induced an increase in the expression levels of AR, SRC-1, and PSA proteins in LNCaP cells. On the contrary, the PE treatment reduced the expression levels. In vivo, the BPH group showed an increase in prostate size compared with the control group. The PE gavaged group showed a decrease in prostate size compared with the BPH group. In addition, the protein expressions of AR, 5AR2, and PSA were significantly lower in the PE gavaged group than BPH group in prostate tissue. These results suggest the beneficial effects of PE on BPH via the modulation of AR signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Paecilomyces/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Hiperplasia Prostática/tratamento farmacológico , Testosterona/metabolismo , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Hiperplasia Prostática/fisiopatologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores Androgênicos/metabolismo
19.
Biomed Eng Online ; 18(1): 100, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31619241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is crucial to frequently inspect the proper operation of non-invasive electronic blood pressure monitors in various sites to prevent accidents from inaccurate blood pressure measurements, especially for large-scale hospitals. However, most conventional blood pressure monitor inspection devices are not suitable for such on-site investigation purpose. In this study, we propose a new single-pieced, fully air-driven pseudo blood pressure generator that is suitable for frequent on-site pre-screening tests of the blood pressure monitor by nurses. RESULTS: The proposed model comprises a rigid cylindrical body, two simulated brachial arteries, two air-pumps, an electronic controller, and a pressure sensor. Control algorithm based on polynomial curve fitting was implemented to generate various user-instructed systolic blood pressure and heart-rate conditions automatically. To evaluate the performance and clinical feasibility of the proposed model, various experiments were performed using ten commercial electronic blood pressure monitors. Experimental results demonstrated that the values of the Pearson coefficient between the reference pseudo-blood pressure waveforms and the actually generated pressure waveforms were 0.983, 0.983 and 0.997 at 60, 70 and 80 beats/min, respectively (p < 0.05). Besides, during the experiments using ten commercial blood pressure monitors, the maximum error in average systolic blood pressure was 2.9 mmHg, the maximum standard deviation in average systolic blood pressure was 3.5 mmHg, and the maximum percentage error in average pumping rate was 3.2%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: We expect that the proposed model can give an easy and comprehensive way for frequent on-site investigations of the blood pressure monitors by nurses, and improve the safety of patients with abnormal blood pressure, especially in most large-scale hospitals.

20.
J Cosmet Sci ; 70(5): 235-245, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596226

RESUMO

Mistletoes, hemiparasites, contain many components with various biological activities and have been used in cosmetics industry. Loranthacease (1,000 species) and Viscaceae (550 species) have the most dominant species in mistletoes (nearly 1,600 species). It can be expected that the biological activities vary from species to species; therefore, we have tested Viscum album var. coloratum (Kom.) Ohwi (belonging to Santalaceae) and Loranthus tanakae Franch. & Sav. (belonging to Loranthacease) for a comparative study of their cosmetic properties, including antioxidant, antimelanogenic, and antiwrinkle activities. As results, the ethanol extract of L. tanakae had higher phenolic content and showed effective antioxidant activity and elastase inhibition. Meanwhile, the ethanol extract of V. album more effectively inhibited tyrosinase. Comparing with ethanol extracts, the water extracts of both mistletoes showed lower biological efficacy than the ethanol extracts or no significant effect. Thus, these results show that different extracts of mistletoe have different levels of biological activities, presumably because of the differences in their phytochemical profiles and because of the different extraction methods used.


Assuntos
Cosméticos , Erva-de-Passarinho , Viscum album , Antioxidantes , Extratos Vegetais
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA