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Spine Surg Relat Res ; 3(4): 304-311, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31768449


Introduction: Laminoplasty is a common surgery for cervical myelopathy. Previous studies have analyzed the reoperation rates in posterior decompression surgeries of the cervical spine. However, few studies have solely focused on midline-splitting laminoplasty (MSL) using a large number of patients. This aims to analyze the reoperation rates after MSL using the survival function method. Methods: Between 1988 and 2013, 4,208 MSLs were performed as a primary operation for cervical myelopathy and enrolled in our spinal surgery registration system. The Kaplan-Meier survival function method was used to analyze the rates of reoperation. Results: Of 4,208 patients with primary MSL, 40 underwent reoperation for neurological complications. The overall reoperation rate was 0.26%, 0.64%, 0.83%, 0.93%, and 0.95% at 1, 5, 10, 20, and >20 years, respectively. The causes of reoperation were postoperative cervical radiculopathy in 10 patients, stenosis at an adjacent level in 8, stenosis due to failed "open-door" lamina in 6, instability of the cervical spine in 4, cervical disc herniation in 3, elongation of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament in 3, spinal cord injury in 1, fracture of the cervical spine in 1, postoperative scar formation in 1, ossification of anterior longitudinal ligament in 1, and unknown in 2. The number of patients with surgical site infection (SSI) who needed surgical debridement was 34 (0.81%). Conclusions: Excluding reoperations for SSI, the reoperation rate of MSL was approximately 1.0% at the maximum of 26 years after surgery. MSL was determined to be a reliable surgical procedure regarding postoperative complications requiring additional surgeries.

J Neurosurg Sci ; 2018 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29308631


BACKGROUND: Japan has had a rapidly aging population during the past 30 years. This study aimed to investigate longitudinal changes in the surgical rate for spinal disorders in Miyagi Prefecture (2.35 million inhabitants) with a similar population composition to Japan. METHODS: Data of spinal surgeries were collected using the spine registry by Tohoku University Spine Society. Data on the annual number of spinal surgeries between 1988 and 2014 of all populations, in those aged ≧65 years old, in those aged ≧75 years old, and for each pathology were collected. The annual surgical rate per 100,000 inhabitants was calculated. RESULTS: The surgical rate in 2010-2014 in total, at ≧65 years old, and at ≧75 years old showed 3.2-, 3.8- and 7.1-fold increases, respectively, compared with that in 1988-1989. Degenerative spinal disorders, spinal trauma and pyogenic spondylitis markedly increased, while metastatic spinal tumor and tuberculous spondylitis decreased over time. The surgical rate at ≧75 years with lumbar spinal stenosis showed a 12.6 times increase. CONCLUSIONS: During a rapid period of aging, the rate of spinal surgeries has markedly increased, particularly, that for degenerative disorders. This is the first report on the long-term longitudinal changes in the rate of spinal surgery.

Tohoku J Exp Med ; 238(2): 153-63, 2016 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26876801


Spinal disorders affect mainly older people and cause pain, paralysis and/or deformities of the trunk and/or extremities, which could eventually disturb locomotive functions. For ensuring safe and high-quality treatment of spinal disorders, in 1987, the Tohoku University Spine Society (TUSS) was established by orthopedic departments in Tohoku University School of Medicine and its affiliated hospitals in and around Miyagi Prefecture. All spine surgeries have been enrolled in the TUSS Spine Registry since 1988. Using the data from this registration system between 1988 and 2012, we demonstrate here the longitudinal changes in surgical trends for spinal disorders in Japan that has rushed into the most advanced "aging society" in the world. In total, data on 56,744 surgeries were retrieved. The number of spinal surgeries has annually increased approximately 4-fold. There was a particular increase among patients aged ≥ 70 years and those aged ≥ 80 years, with a 20- to 90-fold increase. Nearly 90% of the spinal operations were performed for degenerative disorders, with their number increasing approximately 5-fold from 705 to 3,448. The most common disease for surgery was lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) (35.9%), followed by lumbar disc herniation (27.7%) and cervical myelopathy (19.8%). In 2012, approximately half of the patients with LSS and cervical myelopathy were ≥ 70 years of age. In conclusion, the number of spinal operations markedly increased during the 25-year period, particularly among older patients. As Japan has a notably aged population, the present study could provide a near-future model for countries with aging population.

Sistema de Registros , Sociedades Médicas , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Universidades , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
J Neurosurg Spine ; 18(2): 165-9, 2013 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23199434


OBJECT: Incidental durotomy (dural tear) is a common complication of lumbar spine surgery. The purpose of this study was to clarify the anatomical location of and the specific causative factors for incidental durotomy during primary lumbar spine surgery. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed 1014 consecutive cases involving patients (412 women and 602 men; mean age 57 years; age range 11-97 years) who underwent a surgical procedure for treatment of degenerative lumbar spinal disease at their institution between 2002 and 2008. In total, 1261 disc levels were treated surgically. Disease at the treated levels included 544 disc herniations, 453 instances of spinal canal stenosis without spondylolisthesis, 188 instances of lumbar spinal canal stenosis with spondylolisthesis (degenerative spondylolisthesis), 49 instances of combined stenosis (stenosis with disc herniation), and 22 juxtafacet cysts. In 5 of the treated levels, the condition was classified as "other" disease. Treatment included fenestration with discectomy in 547 levels, fenestration alone in 626, fenestration with resection of juxtafacet cysts in 22, unilateral recapping laminoplasty in 20, posterolateral spinal fusion or posterior lumbar interbody fusion in 17, microscopic discectomy with tubular retractor in 14, and "other" in 15. RESULTS: Unintended durotomy occurred in 4% of cases and in 3.3% of disc levels. The incidence of dural tear was significantly higher in women (5.6%) than in men (3%). The incidence of dural tear was 2% in disc levels with lumbar disc herniation, 1.8% with lumbar spinal canal stenosis without spondylolisthesis, 9% with degenerative spondylolisthesis, and 18.2% with juxtafacet cysts; the incidence was significantly higher in levels with degenerative spondylolisthesis or levels with juxtafacet cysts, than in those with other diseases. Incidental durotomy occurred in 4 critical anatomical zones, namely, the caudal margin of the cranial lamina, cranial margin of the caudal lamina, herniated disc level, and medial aspect of the facet joint adjacent to the insertion of the hypertrophic ligamentum flavum. CONCLUSIONS: Risk factors for unintended durotomy were female sex, older age, degenerative spondylolisthesis, and juxtafacet cysts. In this study, the authors identified 4 high-risk anatomical zones that spine surgeons should be aware of to avoid dural tears.

Discotomia/efeitos adversos , Dura-Máter/lesões , Complicações Intraoperatórias/diagnóstico , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Estenose Espinal/cirurgia , Espondilolistese/cirurgia
Tohoku J Exp Med ; 210(3): 199-208, 2006 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17077596


Thoracic myelopathy is defined as spinal cord compression in the thoracic region, leading to sensory and motor dysfunctions in the trunk and lower extremities, and can be caused by various degenerative processes of the spine. Thoracic myelopathy is rare, and there are many unsolved problems including its epidemiological and clinical features. We have established a registration system of spinal surgeries, which covered almost all surgeries in Miyagi Prefecture, and enrolled the data of 265 patients with thoracic myelopathy from 1988 to 2002. The annual rate of surgery gradually increased and averaged 0.9 per 100,000 inhabitants, which was less than 1/10 of that for cervical myelopathy. About 20 patients with thoracic myelopathy are operated on in Miyagi Prefecture each year. It frequently develops in middle-aged males. About half of the cases were caused by ossification of the ligamentum flavum, followed by ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament, intervertebral disc herniation and posterior spur. Patients usually noticed numbness or pain in the legs and the preoperative duration was long, averaging 2 years. Its symptomatic similarities to lumbar disorders might cause difficulty in making a correct diagnosis. Since thoracic myelopathy can markedly restrict the activities of daily life, even general physicians should recognize this entity.

Doenças da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico , Doenças da Medula Espinal/epidemiologia , Doenças Torácicas/diagnóstico , Doenças Torácicas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Ligamento Amarelo/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/epidemiologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/patologia , Ossificação do Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Compressão da Medula Espinal/patologia , Doenças da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Doenças Torácicas/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
Eur Spine J ; 14(6): 573-7, 2005 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15668774


Acute nonspecific low-back pain is characterized by the sudden onset and severe unendurable low-back pain without radicular pain or neurological deficit in the lower extremities. The study was carried out using 55 patients who visited our hospital for acute nonspecific low-back pain, who exhibited degeneration on T2-weighted MR images, and underwent intradiscal injection of local anesthetics,steroid and contrast medium. Intervertebral disc sites with an obvious enhanced region in the posterior annulus of the disc on enhanced T1-weighted MR images was selected for intradiscal injection. When no enhanced region was detected, the most severely degenerated disc on T2-weighted MR images was selected. Acute nonspecific low-back pain with an improvement rate of 70% or higher 5 min after injection was judged to be discogenic. The clinical characteristics and pathogenesis of discogenic acute nonspecific low-back pain were investigated. Forty of the 55 patients (73%) had discogenic acute nonspecific low-back pain. As for the characteristics of patients, the mean age was 37 years, and onset occurred upon casual daily movements in 18 patients (45%). Nineteen patients (48%) had bilateral low-back pain, and 29 patients (73%) had no tenderness in the paravertebral muscles. On plain X-ray radiograms, degeneration of the disc was normal or mild in 36 patients(91%). On the discograms, a radial tear extending to the posterior annulus was noted in all patients, but epidural leakage was seen only in six patients (15%). The degree of disc degeneration on T2-weighted MR images (Gibson's classification) was grade 3 in 30 patients (75%). Gadolinium-DTPA enhanced T1-weighted MR images showed an obvious enhanced region in the posterior annulus of the intervertebral disc in 19 patients (48%). As for the clinical characteristics of discogenic acute nonspecific low-back pain, the relatively young adult patients had no tenderness in the paravertebral muscles, and showed moderately degenerated intervertebral discs. The pathogenesis of discogenic acute nonspecific low-back pain is mostly considered to be a re-rupture in an asymptomatic ruptured region in the posterior annulus, repaired by granulation tissue, in a moderately degenerated intervertebral disc with a radial tear.

Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/complicações , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Dor Lombar/etiologia , Dor Lombar/patologia , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Gadolínio DTPA , Humanos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/fisiopatologia , Dor Lombar/fisiopatologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Movimento , Postura