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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605484

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe and compare the occurrence of newly diagnosed uveitis in children with JIA receiving MTX, etanercept, adalimumab and infliximab. METHODS: This on-drug analysis included patients within UK JIA registries (British Society for Paediatric and Adolescent Rheumatology Etanercept Cohort Study and Biologics for Children with Rheumatic Diseases) with non-systemic disease, registered at MTX or biologic start with no history of uveitis. Follow-up began from date of first treatment, continuing until first uveitis, discontinuation of registered drug, most recent follow-up up or death, whichever came first. Hazard ratios comparing risk of uveitis between drugs were calculated using propensity-adjusted Cox regression. RESULTS: A total of 2294 patients were included (943 MTX, 304 adalimumab/infliximab, 1047 etanercept). There were 44 reported cases of uveitis (27 MTX, 16 etanercept, 1 adalimumab). Unadjusted hazard ratio showed a reduced risk of uveitis in biologic cohorts compared with MTX. After adjusting for propensity deciles, there was no significant difference in the risk of uveitis between patients receiving etanercept or MTX [hazard ratio 0.5 (0.2-1.1)]. Fully adjusted comparisons were not possible for adalimumab/infliximab as there were too few events. CONCLUSIONS: In this first paper to compare the rate of new onset uveitis across the three main anti-TNF therapies used in JIA, a new diagnosis of uveitis is less common among patients starting biologics compared with MTX, although this did not reach statistical significance. The suggested protective effect of etanercept is likely explained by confounding, whereby patients in the MTX cohort are younger and earlier in disease, and therefore at greater risk of developing uveitis compared with etanercept patients.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31598719

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Identifying blood-based biomarkers that predict treatment response in RA is a clinical priority. We investigated differential DNA methylation as a candidate biomarker of response for the first-line drug used in RA, MTX. METHODS: DNA methylation was measured in DNA samples from individuals recruited to the Rheumatoid Arthritis Medication Study. Differentially methylated positions were compared between whole blood samples collected at baseline and at 4 weeks from patients who, by 6 months, had a good (n = 34) or poor response (n = 34) to MTX using linear modelling, adjusting for gender, age, cell composition, baseline 28-joint disease activity score (DAS28) and smoking status. Analyses also compared methylation with changes in DAS28 and changes in swollen joint count and tender joint count, and changes in CRP over the initial 6 months after MTX commencement. Differentially methylated positions showing significant differences with any response parameter were tested using pyrosequencing in an independent group of 100 patients from the Rheumatoid Arthritis Medication Study. RESULTS: In the discovery group, two CpG sites showed methylation changes at 4 weeks associated with clinical EULAR response by 6 months. Significant changes in methylation for three differentially methylated positions associated with change in tender joint counts, three with change in swollen joint count and a further four with change in CRP. Of the 12 CpGs, four showed replicated association in an independent dataset of samples from the Rheumatoid Arthritis Medication Study. CONCLUSION: These data represent an advance on current practice by contributing to a personalized medicine strategy allowing an escalation or change in therapy as early as 4 weeks.

4.
Lancet Child Adolesc Health ; 3(10): 725-733, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31331873

RESUMO

The aims of treating juvenile idiopathic arthritis are to elicit treatment response toward remission, while preventing future flares. Understanding patient and disease characteristics that predispose young people with this condition to these outcomes would allow the forecasting of disease process and the tailoring of therapies. The strongest predictor of remission is disease category, particularly oligoarthritis, although a few additional clinical predictors of treatment response have been identified. Novel evidence using biomarkers, such as S100 proteins and novel single nucleotide polymorphism data, could add value to clinical models. The future aim of personalised medicine in the treatment of juvenile idiopathic arthritis will be aided with international collaborations, allowing for the analysis of larger datasets with novel biomarker data. Combined clinical and biomarker panels will probably be required for predicting outcomes in such a complex disease.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302692

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In order to develop interventions to optimize MTX use for the treatment of RA we evaluated the rate of, reasons for and predictors of MTX non-adherence during the first 6 months of therapy. METHODS: The Rheumatoid Arthritis Medication Study (RAMS) is a prospective multicentre cohort study of incident MTX users in the UK. Prior to MTX commencement demographic, clinical and psychological data were collected. A weekly patient-completed diary recorded MTX dose, possible side effects and adherence over 26 weeks. The number of non-adherent weeks was calculated. Potential baseline predictors of ever non-adherence (⩾1 week non-adherent) during the first 6 months of MTX therapy were identified using logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: 606 patients with RA were included; 69% female, mean (s.d.) age 60 (13) years and DAS28 score 4.2 (1.2). Over the first 6 months following MTX initiation, 158 (26%) patients were ever non-adherent (71% intentional, 19% non-intentional, 10% unexplained) and mean (s.d.) number of non-adherent weeks was 2.5 (2.1). Multivariable predictors of ever non-adherence included DAS28 [odds ratios (OR) 1.1, 95% CI 1.0, 1.4], fatigue (OR 1.1, 95% CI 1.0, 1.2 per cm), ⩾2 comorbidities vs no comorbidities (OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.1, 3.5) and high medication concerns despite perceived need (OR 1.1, 95% CI 1.0, 1.1 per unit decrease in need/concern differential). CONCLUSION: This is the largest study evaluating early intentional and non-intentional non-adherence to MTX, which has identified that patient beliefs and multi-morbidity strongly link with non-adherence. These findings can direct the design of and provide potential targets for interventions to improve patient adherence.

7.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0215999, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31107887

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: United Kingdom guidelines for the use of biologic disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (bDMARDS) for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) require patients to have active disease (Disease Activity Score [DAS28] >5.1) and have failed ≥2 previous conventional synthetic DMARDs (csDMARD). Patients with moderate disease activity (MDA) do not meet these criteria, yet often have poor outcomes. This study aimed to identify trajectory groups of disability scores over three years in RA patients with MDA. METHODS: The study included biologic-naïve patients receiving csDMARDs only with MDA (3.2

8.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 58(10): 1767-1776, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30982886

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether polypharmacy is associated with treatment response and serious adverse events (SAEs) in patients with RA using data from the British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register (BSRBR-RA). METHODS: The BSRBR-RA is a prospective observational cohort study of biologic therapy starters and a DMARD comparator arm. A logistic regression model was used to calculate the odds of a EULAR 'good response' after 12 months of biologic therapy by medication count. Cox proportional hazards models were used to identify risk of SAEs. The utility of the models were compared with the Rheumatic Disease Comorbidity Index using Receiver Operator Characteristic and Harrell's C statistic. RESULTS: The analysis included 22 005 patients, of which 83% were initiated on biologics. Each additional medication reduced the odds of a EULAR good response by 8% [odds ratios 0.92 (95% CI 0.91, 0.93) P < 0.001] and 3% in the adjusted model [adjusted odds ratios 0.97 (95% CI 0.95, 0.98) P < 0.001]. The Receiver Operator Characteristic demonstrated significantly greater areas under the curve with the polypharmacy model than the Rheumatic Disease Comorbidity Index. There were 12 547 SAEs reported in 7286 patients. Each additional medication equated to a 13% increased risk of an SAE [hazard ratio 1.13 (95% CI 1.12, 1.13) P < 0.001] and 6% in the adjusted model [adjusted hazard ratio 1.06 (95% CI 1.05, 1.07) P < 0.001]. Predictive values for SAEs were comparable between the polypharmacy and Rheumatic Disease Comorbidity Index model. CONCLUSION: Polypharmacy is a simple but valuable predictor of clinical outcomes in patients with RA. This study supports medication count as a valid measure for use in epidemiologic analyses.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30851113

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This analysis aims to calculate MTX monotherapy persistence and describe the occurrence of and factors associated with the occurrence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) with MTX. METHODS: Patients with JIA starting MTX monotherapy from two UK studies were included. Patient characteristics, treatment details and ADR occurrence were collected at treatment start, 6 months, 1 year and annually. The following groups of ADRs were included: gastrointestinal, elevated liver enzymes, leukopenia, drug hypersensitivity, rash, needle phobia and any events leading to permanent MTX discontinuation. Treatment exposure was calculated from MTX start until MTX monotherapy cessation, last follow-up or 31 December 2017 (cut-off), whichever came first. Survival analysis assessed the time on MTX monotherapy and the time to the first ADR on MTX monotherapy within 2 years. Multivariable logistic regression assessed characteristics associated with any ADR and gastrointestinal ADRs. RESULTS: A total of 577 patients started MTX. At 2 years, 310 (54%) were no longer on MTX monotherapy. Reasons included ineffectiveness (60%; 161/185 started a biologic), adverse event (25%), remission (8%) and patient/family decision (3%). Over this time, 212 (37%) patients experienced one or more ADR; commonly gastrointestinal (68%) or elevated liver enzymes (26%). Lower physician global assessment and older age predicted any ADR and gastrointestinal ADR, respectively. Patients with polyarticular RF and JIA had reduced odds of both any ADR and a gastrointestinal ADR. CONCLUSION: After 2 years, more than half the patients were no longer on MTX monotherapy, while more than one-third experienced one or more ADR, most commonly gastrointestinal. Research focusing on identifying which children will respond and/or experience ADRs is crucial to inform treatment decisions and management planning.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30875458

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In paediatric research, investigators rely on proxy reports of outcome, such as the proxy-completed Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (P-CHAQ), to assess function in JIA. As children mature, they may self-complete the adult Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) or the un-validated adolescent-specific CHAQ (A-CHAQ). It is unclear how these measures compare and whether they are directly interchangeable. METHODS: Adolescents aged 11 to 17 years participating in the Childhood Arthritis Prospective Study, a UK multicentre inception cohort, were included. In a CAPS sub-study, adolescents self-completed the A-CHAQ and HAQ and proxies simultaneously completed the P-CHAQ at baseline and one year. Correlation and agreement between scores were assessed at baseline. Agreement and ability to similarly classify clinically important changes over time were assessed at one year following initial presentation to rheumatology. RESULTS: 107 adolescents (A-CHAQ and HAQ) or their proxies (P-CHAQ) had completed all three measures at baseline. Median age at diagnosis was 13 years and 61% were female. Although the three scores demonstrated strong correlations (r>0.8), they were not completely interchangeable, with agreement ranging between 70 and 80%. There was similar agreement between the changes in scores between baseline and one year. Using P-CHAQ minimal clinically important cut-offs, the A-CHAQ and HAQ similarly classified 80 to 90% of adolescents as having improved or worsened. CONCLUSION: Whilst there is relatively high agreement and similar classification of change between HAQ and two CHAQ scores, these are not completely interchangeable. This impacts the comparison of function when measured in different ways over the lifespan. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30358861

RESUMO

Objectives: Rituximab (RTX) may be a treatment option for children and young people with JIA, although it is not licensed for this indication. The aim of this study was to describe RTX use and outcomes among children with JIA. Methods: This analysis included all JIA patients within the UK Biologics for Children with Rheumatic Diseases study starting RTX. Disease activity was assessed at RTX start and at follow-up. The total number of courses each patient received was assessed. Serious infections and infusion reactions occurring following RTX were reported. Results: Forty-one JIA patients starting RTX were included, the majority with polyarthritis: polyarthritis RF negative [n = 14 (35%)], polyarthritis RF positive [n = 13 (33%)] and extended oligoarthritis [n = 9 (23%)]. Most were female (80%) with a median age of 15 years [interquartile range (IQR) 12-16] and a median disease duration of 9 years (IQR 5-11). The median improvement in the clinical Juvenile Arthritis Disease Activity Score (cJADAS; three-variable 71-joint JADAS) from RTX start was 9 units (n = 7; IQR -14-2). More than half reported more than one course of RTX. The median time between each course was 219 days (IQR 198-315). During follow-up, 17 (41%) patients reported switching to another biologic, including tocilizumab (n = 8), abatacept (n = 6) and TNF inhibitor (n = 3). Three patients (7%) reported a serious infection on RTX (rate of first serious infection 6.2/100 person-years). Four patients (10%) reported an infusion reaction. Conclusions: This real-world cohort of children with JIA, the majority with polyarticular or extended oligoarticular JIA, showed RTX may be an effective treatment option for children who do not respond to TNF inhibitor, with a low rate of serious infections on treatment.

12.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(12): 1705-1709, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30194273

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Patients with difficult-to-treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA) remain symptomatic despite treatment according to current European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) management recommendations. These focus on early phases of the disease and pharmacological management. We aimed to identify characteristics of difficult-to-treat RA and issues to be addressed in its workup and management that are not covered by current management recommendations. METHODS: An international survey was conducted among rheumatologists with multiple-choice questions on disease characteristics of difficult-to-treat RA. Using open questions, additional items to be addressed and items missing in current management recommendations were identified. RESULTS: 410 respondents completed the survey: 50% selected disease activity score assessing 28 joints >3.2 OR presence of signs suggestive of active disease as characteristics of difficult-to-treat RA; 42% selected fatigue; 48% selected failure to ≥2 conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) AND ≥2 biological/targeted synthetic DMARDs; 89% selected inability to taper glucocorticoids below 5 mg or 10 mg prednisone equivalent daily. Interfering comorbidities, extra-articular manifestations and polypharmacy were identified as important issues missing in current management recommendations. CONCLUSIONS: There is wide variation in concepts of difficult-to-treat RA. Several important issues regarding these patients are not addressed by current EULAR recommendations.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30137485

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of cancer and all-cause and cause-specific mortality rates among a cohort of patients with severe PsA receiving TNF inhibitor (TNFi) with those of the general UK population. Methods: Cancers and deaths were identified from the national cancer and the national death registers in patients with PsA included in the British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register from start of TNFi until 31 December 2012. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) and standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated using published cancer and death rates for the general population. SIRs were calculated for both overall cancer risk and non-melanoma skin cancer. SMRs were calculated for (1) all-cause mortality, (2) death from malignancy and (3) death from circulatory disease. Gender-specific analyses were also performed. Results: Thirty-four cancers and 41 deaths among 709 patients were observed. The risk of malignancy overall was not increased (SIR 0.94; 95% CI: 0.65, 1.34). However, there was a significantly increased incidence of non-melanoma skin cancer (SIR 2.12; 95% CI: 1.19, 3.50). The all-cause mortality rate in our cohort was increased (SMR 1.56; CI: 1.12, 2.11). Death from malignancy was not increased, but death from coronary heart disease was increased (SMR 2.42; 95% CI: 1.11, 4.59). Conclusion: In our cohort of patients with severe PsA, the overall incidence of malignancy was similar to that of the general population, although the incidence of non-melanoma skin cancer was increased. All-cause mortality was significantly increased, in part due to excess of deaths attributed to coronary heart disease.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30137641

RESUMO

Objectives: To investigate real-world short-term outcomes among patients with systemic JIA starting tocilizumab or anakinra. Methods: This analysis included all systemic JIA patients within the UK Biologics for Children with Rheumatic Diseases study starting tocilizumab or anakinra between 2010 and 2016. Disease activity was assessed at baseline and one year. At one year the following outcomes were assessed: minimal disease activity, clinically inactive disease, 90% ACR Paediatric response (ACRPedi90). Univariable logistic regression was used to identify baseline characteristics associated with these outcomes. Multiple imputation was used to account for missing data. Results: Seventy-six systemic JIA patients were included (54 tocilizumab; 22 anakinra). More patients starting anakinra as their first biologic compared with tocilizumab (86% vs 63%; P = 0.04), with shorter disease duration (1 vs 2 years; P = 0.003) and higher frequency of prior macrophage activation syndrome (37% vs 8%; P = 0.004). Overall, at one year, 42% achieved ACRPedi90, 51% minimal disease activity, and 39% clinically inactive disease, with similar responses seen between the two drugs. Response was not associated with baseline disease characteristics. Fifteen (20%) patients stopped biologic treatment by one year. Treatment survival was better with tocilizumab (89% at one year vs 59% anakinra; P = 0.002), with three stopping for anakinra injection-related problems. Conclusion: In this real-world cohort of patients with systemic JIA receiving tocilizumab or anakinra, approximately half achieved a minimal disease state by one year. Treatment responses appeared similar between the two therapies albeit with better persistence observed with tocilizumab.

15.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 20(1): 147, 2018 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30005689

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Methotrexate (MTX) remains the disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug of first choice in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) but response varies. Predicting non-response to MTX could enable earlier access to alternative or additional medications and control of disease progression. We aimed to identify baseline predictors of non-response to MTX and combine these into a prediction algorithm. METHODS: This study included patients recruited to the Rheumatoid Arthritis Medication Study (RAMS), a UK multi-centre prospective observational study of patients with RA or undifferentiated polyarthritis, commencing MTX for the first time. Non-response to MTX at 6 months was defined as "no response" using the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) response criteria, discontinuation of MTX due to inefficacy or starting biologic therapy. The association of baseline demographic, clinical and psychosocial predictors with non-response was assessed using logistic regression. Predictive performance was assessed using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and calibration plots. RESULTS: Of 1050 patients, 449 (43%) were classified as non-responders. Independent multivariable predictors of MTX non-response (OR (95% CI)) were rheumatoid factor (RF) negativity (0.62 (0.45, 0.86) for RF positivity versus negativity), higher Health Assessment Questionnaire score (1.64 (1.25, 2.15)), higher tender joint count (1.06 (1.02, 1.10)), lower Disease Activity score in 28 joints (0.29 (0.23, 0.39)) and higher Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale anxiety score (1.07 (1.03, 1.12)). The optimism-corrected AUC was 0.74. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first model for MTX non-response to be developed in a large contemporary study of patients commencing MTX in which demographic, clinical and psychosocial predictors were considered. Patient anxiety was a predictor of non-response and could be addressed at treatment commencement.

16.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(10): 1405-1412, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29980575

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) have revolutionised treatment and outcomes for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The expanding repertoire allows the option of switching bDMARD if current treatment is not effective. For some patients, even after switching, disease control remains elusive. This analysis aims to quantify the frequency of, and identify factors associated with, bDMARD refractory disease. METHODS: Patients with RA starting first-line tumour necrosis factor inhibitor in the British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register for RA from 2001 to 2014 were included. We defined patients as bDMARD refractory on the date they started their third class of bDMARD. Follow-up was censored at last follow-up date, 30 November 2016, or death, whichever came first. Switching patterns and stop reasons of bDMARDs were investigated. Cox regression identified baseline clinical factors associated with refractory disease. Multiple imputation of missing baseline data was used. RESULTS: 867 of 13 502 (6%) patients were bDMARD refractory; median time to third bDMARD class of 8 years. In the multivariable analysis, baseline factors associated with bDMARD refractory disease included patients registered more recently, women, younger age, shorter disease duration, higher patient global assessment, higher Health Assessment Questionnaire score, current smokers, obesity and greater social deprivation. CONCLUSIONS: This first national study has identified the frequency of bDMARD refractory disease to be at least 6% of patients who have ever received bDMARDs. As the choice of bDMARDs increases, patients are cycling through bDMARDs quicker. The aetiopathogenesis of bDMARD refractory disease requires further investigation. Focusing resources, such as nursing support, on these patients may help them achieve more stable, controlled disease.

17.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 70(9): 1519-1529, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29648683

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Potential targets for treat-to-target strategies in juvenile idiopathic arthritis are minimal disease activity (MDA) and clinically inactive disease (CID). We undertook this study to compare short- and long-term outcomes following achievement of MDA and CID on the 10-joint clinical Juvenile Arthritis Disease Activity Score (cJADAS10) and following achievement of CID on Wallace et al's preliminary criteria. METHODS: Children recruited to the Childhood Arthritis Prospective Study, a UK multicenter inception cohort, were selected if they were recruited prior to January 2011 and diagnosed as having oligoarthritis or rheumatoid factor-negative or -positive polyarthritis. One year following diagnosis, children were assessed for MDA on the cJADAS10 and for CID on both Wallace et al's preliminary criteria and the cJADAS10. Associations were tested between those disease states and functional ability, absence of joints with limited range of motion, psychosocial health, and pain at 1 year and annually to 5 years. RESULTS: Of 832 children, 70% were female and the majority had oligoarthritis (68%). At 1 year, 21% had achieved CID according to both definitions, 7% according to Wallace et al's preliminary criteria alone, and 16% according to the cJADAS10 alone; 56% had not achieved CID. Only 10% of children in the entire cohort achieved MDA without also achieving CID. Achieving either early CID state was associated with a greater absence of joints with limited range of motion. However, only CID according to the cJADAS10 was associated with improved functional ability and psychosocial health. Achieving CID was superior to achieving MDA in terms of short- and long-term pain and the absence of joints with limited range of motion. CONCLUSION: CID on the cJADAS10 may be preferable as a treatment target to CID on Wallace et al's preliminary criteria in terms of both feasibility of application and long-term outcomes.

18.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 57(6): 1089-1096, 2018 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29566213

RESUMO

Objectives: To investigate the long term persistence of rituximab (RTX) in a large observational RA cohort, investigate persistence of RTX when used as a first or second line biologic DMARD (bDMARD), to characterize subsequent bDMARD treatment following RTX. Methods: Patients with RA starting treatment with RTX (MabThera) between 2008 and 2011 were recruited into the British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register for RA. Duration of RTX treatment over the first 4 years after initiation was estimated via Kaplan-Meier estimates and the reason for discontinuation was ascertained. Subsequent bDMARD use following RTX discontinuation was characterised. Treatment survival in bDMARD-naïve (first line RTX use) and experienced (second line RTX use) cohorts was described. Results: One thousand six hundred and twenty-nine patients were recruited (1371 bDMARD-experienced and 258 bDMARD-naïve). Sixty percent of the whole cohort remained on RTX after 4 years. Ineffectiveness (46%) and death (24%) were the most common reason for RTX discontinuation. RTX discontinuation was associated with RF negativity for the bDMARD-experienced cohort. Of those that discontinued RTX, 46% initiated treatment with another bDMARD, with tocilizumab being the most common. Conclusion: This large study of patients initiating RTX treatment for severe RA found that 60% persisted with treatment after 4 years. This study also identified that RTX is tolerated well when used as a first or second line bDMARD.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Sistema de Registros , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/mortalidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
19.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(6): 905-910, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29592917

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the incidence of serious infection (SI) across biologic drugs used to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using data from the British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register for Rheumatoid Arthritis (BSRBR-RA). METHODS: The BSRBR-RA is a prospective observational cohort study. This analysis included patients with RA starting a new biologic. The primary outcome was SI defined as an infectious event requiring admission to hospital, intravenous antibiotics or resulting in death. Event rates were calculated and compared across biologics using Cox proportional hazards with adjustment for potential confounders. Secondary outcomes were the rate of infection by organ class and 30-day mortality following infection. RESULTS: This analysis included 19 282 patients with 46 771 years of follow-up. The incidence of SI was 5.51 cases per 100 patient years for the entire cohort (95% CI 5.29 to 5.71). Compared with etanercept, tocilizumab had a higher risk of SI (HR 1.22, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.47) and certolizumab pegol a lower risk of SI (HR 0.75, 95% CI 0.58 to 0.97) in the fully adjusted model. The 30-day mortality following SI was 10.4% (95% CI 9.2% to 11.6%). CONCLUSIONS: The rate of SI was lower with certolizumab pegol than etanercept in the primary analysis but the result was no longer significant in several sensitivity analyses performed suggesting residual confounding may account for the observed difference. From these results, it would be wrong to conclude that certolizumab pegol has a lower rate of SI than other biologics; however, the risk does not appear to be significantly higher as has previously been suggested.

20.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 57(6): 997-1001, 2018 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29529307

RESUMO

Objectives: This analysis set out to estimate the risk of opportunistic infection (OI) among patients with RA by biologic class. Methods: The British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register for Rheumatoid Arthritis is a prospective observational cohort study established to evaluate safety of biologic therapies. The population included adults commencing biologic therapy for RA. The primary outcome was any serious OI excluding tuberculosis (TB). Event rates were compared across biologic classes using Cox proportional hazards with adjustment for potential confounders identified a priori. Analysis of the incidence of TB was performed separately. Results: In total, 19 282 patients with 106 347 years of follow-up were studied; 142 non-TB OI were identified at a rate of 134 cases/100 000 patient years (pyrs). The overall incidence of OI was not significantly different between the different drug classes; however, the rate of Pneumocystis infection was significantly higher with rituximab than with anti-TNF therapy (adjusted hazard ratio = 3.2, 95% CI: 1.4, 7.5). The rate of TB fell dramatically over the study period (783 cases/100 000 pyrs in 2002 to 38 cases/100 000 pyrs in 2015). The incidence of TB was significantly lower among rituximab users than anti-TNF users, with 12 cases/100 000 pyrs compared with 65 cases/100 000 pyrs. Conclusions: The overall rate of OI was not significantly different between drug classes; however, a subtle difference in the pattern of OI was seen between the cohorts. Patient factors such as age, gender and comorbidity were the most important predictors of OI.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Terapia Biológica/métodos , Previsões , Infecções Oportunistas/complicações , Sistema de Registros , Reumatologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções Oportunistas/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
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