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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32556481

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the performance of deep learning (DL) classifiers in discriminating normal and abnormal 18F-FACBC (fluciclovine, Axumin®) PET scans based on the presence of tumor recurrence and/or metastases in patients with prostate cancer (PC) and biochemical recurrence (BCR). METHODS: A total of 251 consecutive 18F-fluciclovine PET scans were acquired between September 2017 and June 2019 in 233 PC patients with BCR (18 patients had 2 scans). PET images were labeled as normal or abnormal using clinical reports as the ground truth. Convolutional neural network (CNN) models were trained using two different architectures, a 2D-CNN (ResNet-50) using single slices (slice-based approach) and the same 2D-CNN and a 3D-CNN (ResNet-14) using a hundred slices per PET image (case-based approach). Models' performances were evaluated on independent test datasets. RESULTS: For the 2D-CNN slice-based approach, 6800 and 536 slices were used for training and test datasets, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of this model were 90.7% and 95.1%, and the area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.971 (p < 0.001). For the case-based approaches using both 2D-CNN and 3D-CNN architectures, a training dataset of 100 images and a test dataset of 28 images were randomly allocated. The sensitivity, specificity, and AUC to discriminate abnormal images by the 2D-CNN and 3D-CNN case-based approaches were 85.7%, 71.4%, and 0.750 (p = 0.013) and 71.4%, 71.4%, and 0.699 (p = 0.053), respectively. CONCLUSION: DL accurately classifies abnormal 18F-fluciclovine PET images of the pelvis in patients with BCR of PC. A DL classifier using single slice prediction had superior performance over case-based prediction.

2.
Clin Nucl Med ; 45(7): 506-513, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32433170

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the block sequential regularized expectation maximization (BSREM) algorithm with the ordered subsets expectation maximization (OSEM) algorithm and to evaluate how different penalty factors (b values) influence image quality and SUV measurements. METHODS: We analyzed data from 78 prostate cancer patients who underwent Ga-RM2 (n = 42) or Ga-prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-11 (n = 36) PET/MRI. The raw PET data were retrospectively reconstructed using both time-of-flight (TOF)-BSREM with b values of 250, 350, 500, 750, and 1000 and TOF-OSEM. Each reconstruction was reviewed independently by 3 nuclear medicine physicians and scored qualitatively using a Likert scale (1 = poor, 5 = excellent quality). SUV measurements were analyzed as well. RESULTS: Fifty-seven lesions were detected (21 on Ga-RM2 and 36 on Ga-PSMA-11 PET/MRI); SUVmax decreased with the increase of ß values for both tracers. Background noise (SUVsd) decreased with increasing of ß values for both tracers. The mean ± SD scores for Ga-RM2 PET images were 2.4 ± 0.5 for b = 250 reconstructions, 3.2 ± 0.6 for b = 350, 4 ± 0.6 for b = 500, 4.5 ± 0.5 for b = 750, 4.4 ± 0.7 for b = 1000, and 3.4 ± 0.6 for TOF-OSEM. The mean ± SD scores for Ga-PSMA-11 PET images were 3.2 ± 0.8 for b = 250 reconstructions, 4.1 ± 0.8 for b = 350, 4.7 ± 0.6 for b = 500, 4.8 ± 0.4 for b = 750, 4.7 ± 0.6 for b = 1000, and 3.8 ± 0.5 for TOF-OSEM. CONCLUSIONS: Time-of-flight-BSREM algorithm improves image quality. Different b values should be used for different Ga-labeled radiopharmaceuticals such as those targeting GRPR and PSMA receptors. Once selected, the same b value should be consistently used because SUVmax measurements differ with different b values.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32296882

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of whole-body metabolic tumor volume (MTV) and other metabolic tumor parameters, obtained from baseline and first restaging 18F-FDG PET/CT scans in melanoma patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). METHODS: Eighty-five consecutive melanoma patients (M, 57; F, 28) treated with ICIs who underwent PET/CT scans before and approximately 3 months after the start of immunotherapy were retrospectively enrolled. Metabolic tumor parameters including MTV for all melanoma lesions were measured on each scan. A Cox proportional hazards model was used for univariate and multivariate analyses of metabolic parameters combined with known clinical prognostic factors associated with overall survival (OS). Kaplan-Meier curves for patients dichotomized based on median values of imaging parameters were generated. RESULTS: The median OS time in all patients was 45 months (95% CI 24-45 months). Univariate analysis demonstrated that MTV obtained from first restaging PET/CT scans (MTVpost) was the strongest prognostic factor for OS among PET/CT parameters (P < 0.0001). The median OS in patients with high MTVpost (≥ 23.44) was 16 months (95% CI 12-32 months) as compared with more than 60 months in patients with low MTVpost (< 23.44) (P = 0.0003). A multivariate model including PET/CT parameters and known clinical prognostic factors revealed that MTVpost and the presence of central nervous system lesions were independent prognostic factors for OS (P = 0.0004, 0.0167, respectively). One pseudoprogression case (1.2%) was seen in this population and classified into the high MTVpost group. CONCLUSION: Whole-body metabolic tumor volume from PET scan acquired approximately 3 months following initiation of immunotherapy (MTVpost) is a strong prognostic indicator of OS in melanoma patients. Although the possibility of pseudoprogression must be considered whenever evaluating first restaging PET imaging, it only occurred in 1 patient in our cohort.

6.
J Nucl Med ; 61(6): 792-798, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32060215

RESUMO

Targeting tumor-expressed receptors using selective molecules for diagnostic, therapeutic, or both diagnostic and therapeutic (theragnostic) purposes is a promising approach in oncologic applications. Such approaches have increased significantly over the past decade. Peptides such as gastrin-releasing peptide receptors targeting radiopharmaceuticals are small molecules with fast blood clearance and urinary excretion. They demonstrate good tissue diffusion, low immunogenicity, and highly selective binding to their target cell-surface receptors. They are also easily produced. Gastrin-releasing peptide receptors, part of the bombesin family, are overexpressed in many tumors, including breast and prostate cancer, and therefore represent an attractive target for future development.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31938892

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the safety, biodistribution, and radiation dosimetry of the novel positron emission tomography (PET) radiopharmaceutical 1-((2-fluoro-6-[[18F]]fluorophenyl)sulfonyl)-4-((4-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)piperazine ([18F]DASA-23) in healthy volunteers. METHODS: We recruited 5 healthy volunteers who provided a written informed consent. Volunteers were injected with 295.0 ± 8.2 MBq of [18F]DASA-23 intravenously. Immediately following injection, a dynamic scan of the brain was acquired for 15 min. This was followed by serial whole-body PET/MRI scans acquired up to 3 h post-injection. Blood samples were collected at regular intervals, and vital signs monitored pre- and post-radiotracer administration. Regions of interest were drawn around multiple organs, time-activity curves were calculated, and organ uptake and dosimetry were estimated with OLINDA/EXM (version 1.1) software. RESULTS: All subjects tolerated the PET/MRI examination, without adverse reactions to [18F]DASA-23. [18F]DASA-23 passively crossed the blood-brain barrier, followed by rapid clearance from the brain. High accumulation of [18F]DASA-23 was noted in organs such as the gallbladder, liver, small intestine, and urinary bladder, suggesting hepatobiliary and urinary clearance. The effective dose of [18F]DASA-23 was 23.5 ± 5.8 µSv/MBq. CONCLUSION: We successfully completed a pilot first-in-human study of [18F]DASA-23. Our results indicate that [18F]DASA-23 can be used safely in humans to evaluate pyruvate kinase M2 levels. Ongoing studies are evaluating the ability of [18F]DASA-23 to visualize intracranial malignancies, NCT03539731. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03539731 (registered 28 May 2018).

10.
J Digit Imaging ; 33(2): 447-455, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31659587

RESUMO

The high-background glucose metabolism of normal gray matter on [18F]-fluoro-2-D-deoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) of the brain results in a low signal-to-background ratio, potentially increasing the possibility of missing important findings in patients with intracranial malignancies. To explore the strategy of using a deep learning classifier to aid in distinguishing normal versus abnormal findings on PET brain images, this study evaluated the performance of a two-dimensional convolutional neural network (2D-CNN) to classify FDG PET brain scans as normal (N) or abnormal (A). METHODS: Two hundred eighty-nine brain FDG-PET scans (N; n = 150, A; n = 139) resulting in a total of 68,260 images were included. Nine individual 2D-CNN models with three different window settings for axial, coronal, and sagittal axes were trained and validated. The performance of these individual and ensemble models was evaluated and compared using a test dataset. Odds ratio, Akaike's information criterion (AIC), and area under curve (AUC) on receiver-operative-characteristic curve, accuracy, and standard deviation (SD) were calculated. RESULTS: An optimal window setting to classify normal and abnormal scans was different for each axis of the individual models. An ensembled model using different axes with an optimized window setting (window-triad) showed better performance than ensembled models using the same axis and different windows settings (axis-triad). Increase in odds ratio and decrease in SD were observed in both axis-triad and window-triad models compared with individual models, whereas improvements of AUC and AIC were seen in window-triad models. An overall model averaging the probabilities of all individual models showed the best accuracy of 82.0%. CONCLUSIONS: Data ensemble using different window settings and axes was effective to improve 2D-CNN performance parameters for the classification of brain FDG-PET scans. If prospectively validated with a larger cohort of patients, similar models could provide decision support in a clinical setting.

11.
J Nucl Med ; 61(4): 546-551, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628216

RESUMO

18F-DCFPyL (2-(3-{1-carboxy-5-[(6-18F-fluoropyridine-3-carbonyl)-amino]-pentyl}-ureido)-pentanedioic acid) is a promising PET radiopharmaceutical targeting prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA). We present our experience with this single-academic-center prospective study evaluating the positivity rate of 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT in patients with biochemical recurrence (BCR) of prostate cancer (PC). Methods: We prospectively enrolled 72 men (52-91 y old; mean ± SD, 71.5 ± 7.2) with BCR after primary definitive treatment with prostatectomy (n = 42) or radiotherapy (n = 30). The presence of lesions compatible with PC was evaluated by 2 independent readers. Fifty-nine patients had scans concurrent with at least one other conventional scan: bone scanning (24), CT (21), MR (20), 18F-fluciclovine PET/CT (18), or 18F-NaF PET (14). Findings from 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT were compared with those from other modalities. Impact on patient management based on 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT was recorded from clinical chart review. Results: 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT had an overall positivity rate of 85%, which increased with higher prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels (ng/mL): 50% (PSA < 0.5), 69% (0.5 ≤ PSA < 1), 100% (1 ≤ PSA < 2), 91% (2 ≤ PSA < 5), and 96% (PSA ≥ 5). 18F-DCFPyL PET detected more lesions than conventional imaging. For anatomic imaging, 20 of 41 (49%) CT or MRI scans had findings congruent with 18F-DCFPyL, whereas 18F-DCFPyL PET was positive in 17 of 41 (41%) cases with negative CT or MRI findings. For bone imaging, 26 of 38 (68%) bone or 18F-NaF PET scans were congruent with 18F-DCFPyL PET, whereas 18F-DCFPyL PET localized bone lesions in 8 of 38 (21%) patients with negative results on bone or 18F-NaF PET scans. In 8 of 18 (44%) patients, 18F-fluciclovine PET had located the same lesions as did 18F-DCFPyL PET, whereas 5 of 18 (28%) patients with negative 18F-fluciclovine findings had positive 18F-DCFPyL PET findings and 1 of 18 (6%) patients with negative 18F-DCFPyL findings had uptake in the prostate bed on 18F-fluciclovine PET. In the remaining 4 of 18 (22%) patients, 18F-DCFPyL and 18F-fluciclovine scans showed different lesions. Lastly, 43 of 72 (60%) patients had treatment changes after 18F-DCFPyL PET and, most noticeably, 17 of these patients (24% total) had lesion localization only on 18F-DCFPyL PET, despite negative results on conventional imaging. Conclusion: 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT is a promising diagnostic tool in the work-up of biochemically recurrent PC, given the high positivity rate as compared with Food and Drug Administration-approved currently available imaging modalities and its impact on clinical management in 60% of patients.

12.
Curr Radiopharm ; 13(1): 14-23, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31749439

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cutaneous malignant melanoma is a neoplasm whose incidence and mortality are dramatically increasing. 18F-FDG PET/CT gained clinical acceptance over the past 2 decades in the evaluation of several glucose-avid neoplasms, including malignant melanoma, particularly for the assessment for distant metastases, recurrence and response to therapy. OBJECTIVE: To describe the advancements of nuclear medicine for imaging melanoma with particular attention to 18F-FDG-PET and its current state-of-the-art technical innovations. METHODS: A comprehensive search strategy was used based on SCOPUS and PubMed databases. From all studies published in English, we selected the articles that evaluated the technological insights of 18FFDG- PET in the assessment of melanoma. RESULTS: State-of-the-art silicon photomultipliers based detectors ("digital") PET/CT scanners are nowadays more common, showing technical innovations that may have beneficial implications for patients with melanoma. Steady improvements in detectors design and architecture, as well as the implementation of both software and hardware technology (i.e., TOF, point spread function, etc.), resulted in significant improvements in PET image quality while reducing radiotracer dose and scanning time. CONCLUSION: Recently introduced digital PET detector technology in PET/CT and PET/MRI yields higher intrinsic system sensitivity compared with the latest generation analog technology, enabling the detection of very small lesions with potential impact on disease outcome.

13.
J Nucl Med Technol ; 48(1): 54-57, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604892

RESUMO

Our objective was to harmonize multicenter 89Zr PET imaging for oncology trials and to evaluate lesion detection. Methods: Seven PET scanners were evaluated using a custom chest oncology phantom with 9 spheric lesions 7-20 mm in diameter. A 4:1 signal-to-background ratio simulated a patient dose of 92.5 MBq. Various image reconstructions were evaluated. Images were assessed for lesion detection, and recovery coefficients and background signal variance were measured. Results: Two scanners failed to provide acceptable images and data. Optimal reconstruction algorithms enabling adequate lesion detection and reliable quantification across the other 5 scanners were determined without compromising the data quality. On average, 95% of the 10-mm lesions were detected, and the 7-mm lesion was visualized by only 1 scanner. Background variance was 8.6%-16%. Conclusion: We established multicenter harmonization procedures for 89Zr PET imaging in oncology, optimizing small-lesion (≥10 mm) detectability and accurate quantification.

14.
J Nucl Med ; 61(4): 533-539, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562226

RESUMO

PET using radiolabeled prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is now being more widely adopted as a valuable tool to evaluate patients with prostate cancer (PC). Recently, 3 different criteria for interpretation of PSMA PET were published: the European Association of Nuclear Medicine (EANM) criteria, the Prostate Cancer Molecular Imaging Standardized Evaluation criteria, and the PSMA Reporting and Data System. We compared these 3 criteria in terms of interreader, intrareader, and intercriteria agreement. Methods: Data from 104 patients prospectively enrolled in research protocols at our institution were retrospectively reviewed. The cohort consisted of 2 groups: 47 patients (mean age, 64.2 y old) who underwent Glu-NH-CO-NH-Lys-(Ahx)-[68Ga(HBED-CC)] (68Ga-PSMA11) PET/MRI for initial staging of biopsy-proven intermediate- or high-risk PC, and 57 patients (mean age, 70.5 y old) who underwent 68Ga-PSMA11 PET/CT because of biochemically recurrent PC. Three nuclear medicine physicians independently evaluated all 68Ga-PSMA11 PET/MRI and PET/CT studies according to the 3 interpretation criteria. Two of them reevaluated all studies 6 mo later in the same manner and masked to the initial reading. The Gwet agreement coefficient was calculated to evaluate interreader, intrareader, and intercriteria agreement based on the following sites: local lesion (primary tumor or prostate bed after radical prostatectomy), lymph node metastases, and other metastases. Results: In the PET/MRI group, interreader, intrareader, and intercriteria agreement ranged from substantial to almost perfect for any site according to all 3 criteria. In the PET/CT group, interreader agreement ranged from substantial to almost perfect except for judgment of distant metastases based on the PSMA Reporting and Data System (Gwet agreement coefficient, 0.57; moderate agreement), in which the most frequent cause of disagreement was lung nodules. Intrareader agreement ranged from substantial to almost perfect for any site according to all 3 criteria. Intercriteria agreement for each site was also substantial to almost perfect. Conclusion: Although the 3 published criteria have good interreader and intrareader reproducibility in evaluating 68Ga-PSMA11 PET, there are some factors causing interreader disagreement. Further work is needed to address this issue.

15.
Mol Imaging Biol ; 22(2): 397-406, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236756

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to prospectively evaluate the performance of sodium 18F]fluoride (Na[18F]F)/2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose ([18F]FDG) simultaneous time-of-flight enabled positron emission tomography (PET)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the detection of skeletal metastases in selected patients with advanced breast and prostate cancers. PROCEDURE: The institutional review board approved this HIPAA-compliant protocol. Written informed consent was obtained from each patient. A total of 74 patients (23 women and 51 men with breast and prostate cancer, respectively) referred for standard-of-care whole-body bone scintigraphy (WBBS) were enrolled in this prospective study. All patients underwent a [99mTc]methyldiphosphonate ([99mTc]MDP) WBBS followed by Na[18F]F/[18F]FDG PET/MRI. Lesions detected by each imaging modality were tabulated and a lesion-based and patient-based analysis was conducted. RESULTS: On a patient-based analysis, [99mTc]MDP WBBS identified skeletal lesions in 37 patients and PET/MRI in 45 patients. On a lesion-based analysis, WBBS identified a total of 81 skeletal lesions, whereas PET/MRI identified 140 lesions. Additionally, PET/MRI showed extra-skeletal lesions in 19 patients, including lymph nodes (16), prostate (4) lung (3), and liver (2) lesions. CONCLUSIONS: The ability of Na[18F]F/[18F]FDG PET/MRI to identify more skeletal lesions than 99mTc-MDP WBBS and to additionally identify extra-skeletal disease may be beneficial for patient care and represent an alternative to the single modalities performed separately. Na[18F]F/[18F]FDG PET/MRI is a promising approach for evaluation of skeletal and extra-skeletal lesions in a selected population of breast and prostate cancer patients.

16.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 47(1): 115-122, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478089

RESUMO

AIM: 68Ga-RM2 is a bombesin (BBN) analog that targets the gastrin releasing peptide receptors (GRPR) overexpressed in many cancer cells, including prostate cancer (PC). It has been reported to successfully detect primary and recurrent PC. Here, we describe the distribution and range of physiological uptake of 68Ga-RM2 in 95 patients with biochemically recurrent (BCR) PC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-five participants had simultaneous PET/MRI for BCR PC and were prospectively enrolled in this study. Maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) and mean standardized uptake value (SUVmean) were measured in 24 normal anatomical structures for each participant. Three readers evaluated the images independently. Uptake in various normal tissues was classified into 4 different categories: no significant uptake if SUVmean was less than SUVmean of the aortic arch (AA); mild if SUVmean was less or equal to 2.5, but higher than SUVmean of the AA; moderate if SUVmean was higher than 2.5, but less or equal to 5; intense if SUVmean was higher than 5. RESULTS: The most intense uptake was observed in the urinary bladder, due to excretion of the radiotracer. No significant uptake was seen in the brain, salivary glands, lungs, myocardium, skeleton, muscles, and fat. Liver, spleen, and adrenal glands had mostly no significant uptake; the gastrointestinal tract had intense physiological uptake, with pancreas being the organ with the highest SUVmax measurements (average SUVmax 64.91). Mild and moderate uptake was measured in the esophagus (average SUVmax 3.99), while the stomach wall, duodenum, and rectum had mild uptake (average SUVmax 2.49, 3.42, and 3.58, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: 68Ga-RM2 has been mostly evaluated for PC detection, but it can be used for other tumors overexpressing GRPR such as breast cancer. This atlas of normal biodistribution and SUV measurements in healthy tissues will help physicians distinguish between physiological vs. pathological uptake, as well as potentially assist with planning future studies using GRPR targeting radiopharmaceuticals.

17.
Semin Ultrasound CT MR ; 40(6): 500-508, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31806148

RESUMO

Pancreas cancer is a complex disease and its prognosis is related to the origin of the tumor cell as well as the stage of disease at the time of diagnosis. Pancreatic adenocarcinomas derive from the exocrine pancreas and are the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States, while well-differentiated pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) derived from the endocrine part of the pancreas are rare and characterized by a slow growth and good life expectancy. Surgery is the only curative treatment approach, and an accurate assessment of resectability is of paramount importance in order to avoid futile procedures. The role of molecular imaging with positron emission tomography and computed tomography ranges from indispensable for pNETs to controversial for certain scenarios in pancreatic adenocarcinomas. This review article aims to overview molecular pancreatic imaging.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos
18.
Nucl Med Commun ; 40(11): 1174-1178, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568189

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A PET/computed tomography (CT) that uses silicon photomultiplier (SiPM) technology was installed at our institution. Here, we report the initial use of the new scanner and evaluate the image quality in comparison to standard PET/CT scanners. PROCEDURES: Seventy-two patients were scanned first using standard PET/CT followed immediately by the new PET/CT system. Images from the new PET/CT system were reconstructed using a conventional [non time-of-flight (TOF)] algorithm, TOF alone and TOF in combination with BSREM. Images from standard PET/CT were reconstructed using clinical standard-of-care settings. Three blinded readers randomly reviewed four datasets (standard, non-TOF, TOF alone, TOF+BSREM) per patient for image quality using a five-point Likert scale. SUV measurements for the single most avid lesion on each dataset were also recorded. RESULTS: Datasets from the new scanner had higher image quality (P < 0.001) and SUV measurements (P < 0.001) compared with the standard scanners, and scores further improved when TOF and BSREM algorithms were added (mean scores for standard, non-TOF, TOF alone and TOF+BSREM were 3.1, 3.9, 4.3 and 5.0, respectively; mean SUVmax for hottest lesion were 8.8, 10.3, 10.7 and 13.3, respectively). CONCLUSION: The SiPM-based PET/CT system outperforms two standard Bismuth germanium oxide- and Lutetium-yttrium oxyorthosilicate-based scanners in terms of image quality, with further benefits added using TOF and BSREM. This may be beneficial for detecting small lesions and more accurate disease staging.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/instrumentação , Silício , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
19.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4673, 2019 10 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31611594

RESUMO

Advances in precision molecular imaging promise to transform our ability to detect, diagnose and treat disease. Here, we describe the engineering and validation of a new cystine knot peptide (knottin) that selectively recognizes human integrin αvß6 with single-digit nanomolar affinity. We solve its 3D structure by NMR and x-ray crystallography and validate leads with 3 different radiolabels in pre-clinical models of cancer. We evaluate the lead tracer's safety, biodistribution and pharmacokinetics in healthy human volunteers, and show its ability to detect multiple cancers (pancreatic, cervical and lung) in patients at two study locations. Additionally, we demonstrate that the knottin PET tracers can also detect fibrotic lung disease in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients. Our results indicate that these cystine knot PET tracers may have potential utility in multiple disease states that are associated with upregulation of integrin αvß6.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/diagnóstico , Integrinas/metabolismo , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Cristalografia por Raios X , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons
20.
Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 53(4): 296-299, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31456863

RESUMO

We described the clinical impact of 18F-FDG PET/MR in refining the evaluation of a 39-year-old female with newly diagnosed metastatic urethral adenocarcinoma. We detailed the diagnostic imaging workup focusing our attention on the CT, MR, and 18F-FDG PET/MR different findings. In this case, 18F-FDG PET/MR imaging evaluation resulted not only effective but also altered staging and spared additional invasive procedures in the assessment of a metastatic urethral adenocarcinoma. Combining a highly sensitive PET with the increase tissue resolution of MR (PET/MR) may improve abdominal and pelvic lesion detection outperforming PET/CT for this indication.

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