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1.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(10): 1405-1411, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278138

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical characteristics, treatment response and genetic findings in a large cohort of patients with undefined systemic autoinflammatory diseases (SAIDs). METHODS: Clinical and genetic data from patients with undefined SAIDs were extracted from the Eurofever registry, an international web-based registry that retrospectively collects clinical information on patients with autoinflammatory diseases. RESULTS: This study included 187 patients. Seven patients had a chronic disease course, 180 patients had a recurrent disease course. The median age at disease onset was 4.3 years. Patients had a median of 12 episodes per year, with a median duration of 4 days. Most commonly reported symptoms were arthralgia (n=113), myalgia (n=86), abdominal pain (n=89), fatigue (n=111), malaise (n=104) and mucocutaneous manifestations (n=128). In 24 patients, relatives were affected as well. In 15 patients, genetic variants were found in autoinflammatory genes. Patients with genetic variants more often had affected relatives compared with patients without genetic variants (p=0.005). Most patients responded well to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), corticosteroids, colchicine and anakinra. Complete remission was rarely achieved with NSAIDs alone. Notable patterns were found in patients with distinctive symptoms. Patients with pericarditis (n=11) were older at disease onset (33.8 years) and had fewer episodes per year (3.0/year) compared with other patients. Patients with an intellectual impairment (n=8) were younger at disease onset (2.2 years) and often had relatives affected (28.6%). CONCLUSION: This study describes the clinical characteristics of a large cohort of patients with undefined SAIDs. Among these, patients with pericarditis and intellectual impairment appear to comprise distinct subsets.

2.
Rheumatol Int ; 38(Suppl 1): 331-338, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29637333

RESUMO

The Juvenile Arthritis Multidimensional Assessment Report (JAMAR) is a new parent/patient-reported outcome measure that enables a thorough assessment of the disease status in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). We report the results of the cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the parent and patient versions of the JAMAR in the Romanian language. The reading comprehension of the questionnaire was tested in 15 JIA parents and patients. Each participating centre was asked to collect demographic, clinical data and the JAMAR in 100 consecutive JIA patients or all consecutive patients seen in a 6-month period and to administer the JAMAR to 100 healthy children and their parents. The statistical validation phase explored descriptive statistics and the psychometric issues of the JAMAR: the three Likert assumptions, floor/ceiling effects, internal consistency, Cronbach's alpha, interscale correlations, test-retest reliability, and construct validity (convergent and discriminant validity). A total of 310 JIA patients (11.9% systemic, 21.6% oligoarticular, 31.9% RF-negative polyarthritis, 34.6% other categories) and 100 healthy children, were enrolled in six centres. The JAMAR components discriminated well healthy subjects from JIA patients except for the health-related quality of life psychosocial health subscales. All JAMAR components revealed good psychometric performances. In conclusion, the Romanian version of the JAMAR is a valid tool for the assessment of children with JIA and is suitable for use both in routine clinical practice and clinical research.


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil/diagnóstico , Avaliação da Deficiência , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Reumatologia/métodos , Adolescente , Idade de Início , Artrite Juvenil/fisiopatologia , Artrite Juvenil/psicologia , Artrite Juvenil/terapia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Características Culturais , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pais/psicologia , Pacientes/psicologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Psicometria , Qualidade de Vida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Romênia , Tradução
3.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 72(5): 678-85, 2013 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22753383

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the response to treatment of autoinflammatory diseases from an international registry and an up-to-date literature review. METHODS: The response to treatment was studied in a web-based registry in which clinical information on anonymised patients with autoinflammatory diseases was collected retrospectively as part of the Eurofever initiative. Participating hospitals included paediatric rheumatology centres of the Paediatric Rheumatology International Trial Organisation network and adult centres with a specific interest in autoinflammatory diseases. The following diseases were included: familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes (CAPS), tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-receptor associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS), mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD), pyogenic arthritis pustulosis acne (PAPA) syndrome, deficiency of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (DIRA), NLRP12-related periodic fever and periodic fever aphthosis pharyngitis adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome. Cases were independently validated by experts for each disease. A literature search regarding treatment of the abovementioned diseases was also performed using Medline and Embase. RESULTS: 22 months from the beginning of the enrolment, complete information on 496 validated patients was available. Data from the registry in combination with evidence from the literature confirmed that colchicine is the treatment of choice for FMF and IL-1 blockade for DIRA and CAPS. Corticosteroids on demand probably represent a valid therapeutic strategy for PFAPA, but also for MKD and TRAPS. Patients with poorly controlled MKD, TRAPS, PAPA or FMF may benefit from IL-1 blockade; anti-TNF treatment may represent a possible valuable alternative. CONCLUSIONS: In the absence of high-grade evidence, these results could serve as a basis for therapeutic guidelines and to identify candidate drugs for future therapeutic trials.


Assuntos
Acne Vulgar/terapia , Artrite Infecciosa/terapia , Síndromes Periódicas Associadas à Criopirina/terapia , Febre Familiar do Mediterrâneo/terapia , Deficiência de Mevalonato Quinase/terapia , Pioderma Gangrenoso/terapia , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Acne Vulgar/epidemiologia , Artrite Infecciosa/epidemiologia , Síndromes Periódicas Associadas à Criopirina/epidemiologia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Febre Familiar do Mediterrâneo/epidemiologia , Humanos , Deficiência de Mevalonato Quinase/epidemiologia , Pioderma Gangrenoso/epidemiologia
4.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 30(1 Suppl 70): S162-8, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22640658

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the performance of the Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score (BVAS) v3 and the Disease Extent Index (DEI) for the assessment of disease activity in 4 primary childhood (c-) systemic vasculitides. METHODS: Patients fulfilling the EULAR/PRINTO/PRES (Ankara) c-vasculitis classification criteria for Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP), childhood (c) polyarteritis nodosa (c-PAN), c-Wegener's granulomatosis (c-WG) and c-Takayasu arteritis (c-TA) with disease duration at the time of diagnosis ≤3 months were extracted from the PRINTO database. The performance of the BVAS and DEI were examined by assessing convergent validity, the pattern of disease involvement, and responsiveness. We also evaluated alternative unweighted scoring methods for both tools. RESULTS: The analysis set included 796 patients with 669 HSP, 80 c-PAN, 25 c-WG and 22 c-TA. The median age at diagnosis was 6.9 years (6.6-12) and median delay in making the diagnosis from the onset of signs/symptoms was 0.01 (0.003-0.027) years. A strong correlation was found between the BVAS and DEI (rs=0.78) while correlation with the physician global assessment was moderate (rs=0.48) with BVAS and poor with DEI (rs=0.25). Both the BVAS and DEI sub-scores and total scores were able to descrive the disease involvement in the 4 childhood vasculitides. Responsiveness was large (>1.5) for both tools. The performance characteristics of the BVAS and DEI with the unweighted methods were comparable. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that both the BVAS and DEI are valid tools for the assessment of the level of disease activity in a large cohort of childhood acute and chronic vasculitides.


Assuntos
Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Vasculite/diagnóstico , Criança , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/diagnóstico , Humanos , Poliarterite Nodosa/diagnóstico , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Púrpura de Schoenlein-Henoch/diagnóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Arterite de Takayasu/diagnóstico , Terminologia como Assunto , Vasculite/classificação
5.
Mol Immunol ; 48(5): 788-92, 2011 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21185603

RESUMO

The Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is an X-linked recessive immune deficiency disorder characterized by thrombocytopenia, small platelet size, eczema, recurrent infections, and increased risk of autoimmune disorders and malignancies. WAS is caused by mutations in the WASP gene which encodes WASP, a 502-amino acid protein. WASP plays a critical role in actin cytoskeleton organization and signalling, and functions of immune cells. We present here the results of genetic analysis of patients with WAS from eleven Eastern and Central European (ECE) countries and Turkey. Clinical and haematological information of 87 affected males and 48 carrier females from 77 WAS families were collected. The WASP gene was sequenced from genomic DNA of patients with WAS, as well as their family members to identify carriers. In this large cohort, we identified 62 unique mutations including 17 novel sequence variants. The mutations were scattered throughout the WASP gene and included single base pair changes (17 missense and 11 nonsense mutations), 7 small insertions, 18 deletions, and 9 splice site defects. Genetic counselling and prenatal diagnosis were applied in four affected families. This study was part of the J Project aimed at identifying genetic basis of primary immunodeficiency disease in ECE countries. This report provides the first comprehensive overview of the molecular genetic and demographic features of WAS in ECE.


Assuntos
Mutação , Proteína da Síndrome de Wiskott-Aldrich/genética , Síndrome de Wiskott-Aldrich/genética , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
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