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1.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 116(2): 248-256, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33656072

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The histopathological characteristics of Chagas disease (ChD) are: presence of myocarditis, destruction of heart fibers, and myocardial fibrosis. Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is a biomarker involved in the mechanism of fibrosis and inflammation that may be useful for risk stratification of individuals with ChD. OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate whether high Gal-3 levels are associated with severe forms of Chagas cardiomyopathy (CC) and whether they are predictive of mortality. METHODS: We studied anti-T. cruzi positive blood donors (BD): Non-CC-BD (187 BD without CC with normal electrocardiogram [ECG] and left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF]); CC-Non-Dys-BD (46 BD with CC with abnormal ECG but normal LVEF); and 153 matched serum-negative controls. This cohort was composed of 97 patients with severe CC (CC-Dys). We used Kruskall-Wallis and Spearman's correlation to test hypothesis of associations, assuming a two-tailed p<0.05 as significant. RESULTS: The Gal-3 level was 12.3 ng/mL for Non-CC-BD, 12.0 ng/mL for CC-Non-Dys-BD, 13.8 ng/mL for controls, and 15.4 ng/mL for CC-Dys. LVEF<50 was associated with higher Gal-3 levels (p=0.0001). In our linear regression adjusted model, we found association between Gal-3 levels and echocardiogram parameters in T. cruzi-seropositive subjects. In CC-Dys patients, we found a significant association of higher Gal-3 levels (≥15.3 ng/mL) and subsequent death or heart transplantation in a 5-year follow-up (Hazard ratio - HR 3.11; 95%CI 1.21-8.04; p=0.019). CONCLUSIONS: In ChD patients, higher Gal-3 levels were significantly associated with severe forms of the disease and more long-term mortality, which means it may be a useful means to identify high-risk patients. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(2):248-256).


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica , Doença de Chagas , Biomarcadores , Galectina 3 , Humanos , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(2): 248-256, fev. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153000

RESUMO

Resumo Fundamento As características histopatológicas da doença de Chagas (DCC) são: presença de miocardite, destruição das fibras cardíacas e fibrose miocárdica. A Galectina-3 (Gal-3) é um biomarcador envolvido no mecanismo de fibrose e inflamação que pode ser útil para a estratificação de indivíduos com DCC por risco. Objetivos Nosso objetivo foi avaliar se níveis elevados de Gal-3 estão associados a formas graves de cardiomiopatia chagásica (CC) e são preditivos de mortalidade. Métodos Estudamos doadores de sangue (DS) positivos para anti-T. cruzi: não-CC-DS (187 DS sem CC com eletrocardiograma [ECG] e fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo [FEVE] normais); CC-Não-Dis-DS (46 DS com CC e apresentando ECG anormal, mas FEVE normal); e 153 controles negativos correspondentes. Esta amostra foi composta por 97 pacientes com CC grave (CC-Dis). Usamos as correlações de Kruskall-Wallis e Spearman para testar a hipótese de associações, assumindo um p bicaudal <0,05 como significativo. Resultados O nível de Gal-3 foi de 12,3 ng/mL para não-CC-DS, 12,0 ng/mL para CC-Não-Dis-DS, 13,8 ng/mL para controles e 15,4 ng/mL para CC-Dis. FEVE <50 foi associada a níveis mais elevados de Gal-3 (p=0,0001). Em nosso modelo de regressão linear ajustado, encontramos associação entre os níveis de Gal-3 e os parâmetros do ecocardiograma em indivíduos positivos para T. cruzi. Nos pacientes CC-Dis, encontramos uma associação significativa de níveis mais elevados de Gal-3 (≥15,3 ng/mL) e morte ou transplante cardíaco em acompanhamento de cinco anos (Hazard ratio - HR 3,11; IC95% 1,21- 8,04; p=0,019). Conclusões Em pacientes com CC, níveis mais elevados de Gal-3 estiveram significativamente associados a formas graves da doença e maior taxa de mortalidade em longo prazo, o que significa que pode ser um meio efetivo para identificar pacientes de alto risco. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(2):248-256)


Abstract Background The histopathological characteristics of Chagas disease (ChD) are: presence of myocarditis, destruction of heart fibers, and myocardial fibrosis. Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is a biomarker involved in the mechanism of fibrosis and inflammation that may be useful for risk stratification of individuals with ChD. Objectives We sought to evaluate whether high Gal-3 levels are associated with severe forms of Chagas cardiomyopathy (CC) and whether they are predictive of mortality. Methods We studied anti-T. cruzi positive blood donors (BD): Non-CC-BD (187 BD without CC with normal electrocardiogram [ECG] and left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF]); CC-Non-Dys-BD (46 BD with CC with abnormal ECG but normal LVEF); and 153 matched serum-negative controls. This cohort was composed of 97 patients with severe CC (CC-Dys). We used Kruskall-Wallis and Spearman's correlation to test hypothesis of associations, assuming a two-tailed p<0.05 as significant. Results The Gal-3 level was 12.3 ng/mL for Non-CC-BD, 12.0 ng/mL for CC-Non-Dys-BD, 13.8 ng/mL for controls, and 15.4 ng/mL for CC-Dys. LVEF<50 was associated with higher Gal-3 levels (p=0.0001). In our linear regression adjusted model, we found association between Gal-3 levels and echocardiogram parameters in T. cruzi-seropositive subjects. In CC-Dys patients, we found a significant association of higher Gal-3 levels (≥15.3 ng/mL) and subsequent death or heart transplantation in a 5-year follow-up (Hazard ratio - HR 3.11; 95%CI 1.21-8.04; p=0.019). Conclusions In ChD patients, higher Gal-3 levels were significantly associated with severe forms of the disease and more long-term mortality, which means it may be a useful means to identify high-risk patients. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(2):248-256)

3.
J Immunol Res ; 2021: 6650670, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33506056

RESUMO

Chagas disease, a neglected tropical disease (NTD) caused by the flagellated protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi), is a major public health problem. It was initially restricted to Latin America, but it is now expanding globally. Host and pathogen interactions are crucial in the establishment of disease, and since 1970, it has been known that eukaryotic cells release extracellular vesicles (EVs), which in turn have an important role in intercellular communication in physiological and pathological conditions. Our study proposed to characterize and compare circulating EVs isolated from the plasma of chronic Chagas disease (CCD) patients and controls. For this, peripheral blood was collected from patients and controls, and mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated and stimulated with parasite EVs, showing that patient cells released fewer EVs than control cells. Then, after plasma separation followed by EV total shedding enrichment, the samples were subjected to ultracentrifugation to isolate the circulating EVs, which then had their size and concentration characterized by nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA). This showed that patients had a lower concentration of circulating EVs while there were no differences in size, corroborating the in vitro data. Additionally, circulating EVs were incubated with THP-1 cells (macrophages) that, after the interaction, had their supernatant analyzed by ELISA for cytokine detection. In relation to their ability to induce cytokine production, the CCD patient EVs were able to induce a differential production of IFN-γ and IL-17 in relation to controls, with differences being more evident in earlier/less severe stages of the disease. In summary, a decreased concentration of circulating EVs associated with differential activation of the immunological system in patients with CCD is related to parasite persistence and the establishment of chronic disease. It is also a potential biomarker for monitoring disease progression.

5.
Front Immunol ; 11: 1386, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32733459

RESUMO

Background: Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, is endemic in Latin America. Thirty percent of infected individuals develop chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC), an inflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy that is the most important clinical consequence of T. cruzi infection, while the others remain asymptomatic (ASY). IFN-γ and IFN-γ-producing Th1-type T cells are increased in peripheral blood and CCC myocardium as compared to ASY patients, while the Th1-antagonizing cytokine IL-10 is more expressed in ASY patients. Importantly IFN-γ-producing Th1-type T cells are the most frequent cytokine-producing T cell subset in CCC myocardium, while expression of Th1-antagonizing cytokines IL-10 and IL-4 is unaltered. The control of IFN-γ production by Th1-type T cells may be a key event for progression toward CCC. A genetic component to disease progression was suggested by the familial aggregation of cases and the association of gene polymorphisms with CCC development. We here investigate the role of gene polymorphisms (SNPs) in several genes involved in the control of IFN-γ production and Th1 T cell differentiation in CCC development. Methods: We studied a Brazilian population including 315 CCC cases and 118 ASY subjects. We assessed 35 Tag SNPs designed to represent all the genetic information contained in the IL12B, IL10, IFNG, and IL4 genes. Results: We found 2 IL12 SNPs (rs2546893, rs919766) and a trend of association for a IL10 SNP (rs3024496) to be significantly associated with the ASY group. these associations were confirmed by multivariate analysis and allele tests. The rs919766C, 12rs2546893G, and rs3024496C alleles were associated to an increase risk to CCC development. Conclusions: Our data show that novel polymorphisms affecting IL12B and IL10, but not IFNG or IL4 genes play a role in genetic susceptibility to CCC development. This might indicate that the increased Th1 differentiation and IFN-γ production associated with CCC is genetically controlled.

6.
Front. immunol ; 11(1386): 1-12, July., 2020. tab.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1122895

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, is endemic in Latin America. Thirty percent of infected individuals develop chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC), an inflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy that is the most important clinical consequence of T. cruzi infection, while the others remain asymptomatic (ASY). IFN-γ and IFN-γ-producing Th1-type T cells are increased in peripheral blood and CCC myocardium as compared to ASY patients, while the Th1-antagonizing cytokine IL-10 is more expressed in ASY patients. Importantly IFN-γ-producing Th1-type T cells are the most frequent cytokine-producing T cell subset in CCC myocardium, while expression of Th1-antagonizing cytokines IL-10 and IL-4 is unaltered. The control of IFN-γ production by Th1-type T cells may be a key event for progression toward CCC. A genetic component to disease progression was suggested by the familial aggregation of cases and the association of gene polymorphisms with CCC development. We here investigate the role of gene polymorphisms (SNPs) in several genes involved in the control of IFN-γ production and Th1 T cell differentiation in CCC development. METHODS: We studied a Brazilian population including 315 CCC cases and 118 ASY subjects. We assessed 35 Tag SNPs designed to represent all the genetic information contained in the IL12B, IL10, IFNG, and IL4 genes. RESULTS: We found 2 IL12 SNPs (rs2546893, rs919766) and a trend of association for a IL10 SNP (rs3024496) to be significantly associated with the ASY group. these associations were confirmed by multivariate analysis and allele tests. The rs919766C 12rs2546893G, and rs3024496C alleles were associated to an increase risk to CCC development. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that novel polymorphisms affecting IL12B and IL10, but not IFNG or IL4 genes play a role in genetic susceptibility to CCC development. This might indicate that the increased Th1 differentiation and IFN-γ production associated with CCC is genetically controlled.


Assuntos
Doença de Chagas , Interleucina-12 , Cardiomiopatias
7.
Can J Physiol Pharmacol ; 97(2): 140-145, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30557036

RESUMO

Metabolic, inflammatory, and autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction are present in patients with heart failure. However, whether these changes are due to left ventricular dysfunction or heart failure etiology is unknown. We evaluated metabolism and inflammatory activity in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) and Chagas cardiomyopathy (CHG) and their correlation with the ANS. Forty-six patients were divided into 3 groups: IDC, CHG, and control. We evaluated adiponectin, leptin, insulin, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. ANS were analyzed by heart rate variability in time and frequency domains on a 24-hour Holter monitor. Levels of glucose, cholesterol, leptin, and adiponectin did not show differences between groups. Insulin levels were lower in CHG group (5.4 ± 3.3 µU/mL) when compared with control (8.0 ± 4.9 µU/mL) and IDC (9.9 ± 5.0 µU/mL) groups (p = 0.007). Insulin was positively associated with LFr/HFr ratio (r = 0.562; p = 0.029) and with the LFr component (r = 0.562; p = 0.029) and negatively associated with adiponectin (r = -0.603; p = 0.017) in CHG group. The addition of an adiponectin unit reduced average insulin by 0.332 µg/mL. Insulin levels were decreased in the CHG group when compared with the IDC group and were associated with ANS indexes and adiponectin levels.


Assuntos
Adipocinas/sangue , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/metabolismo , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/metabolismo , Insulina/sangue , Adipocinas/metabolismo , Adulto , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/sangue , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/sangue , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/fisiopatologia , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Coração , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Insulina/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
9.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da condutas da emergência do InCor: cardiopneumologia / IInCor Emergency Conduct Manual: Cardiopneumology. São Paulo, Manole, 2ª revisada e atualizada; 2017. p.529-536.
Monografia em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-848486
10.
PLoS One ; 10(7): e0131447, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26147101

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chagas disease (CD) induces autonomic dysfunction and inflammatory activity, which may promote metabolic abnormalities. We studied metabolism and his correlation with Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) and inflammation in CD. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty subjects were divided into 4 groups: control group (CG), IF (indeterminate form) group; ECG group (ECG abnormalities and normal left ventricular systolic function), and LVD group (left ventricular sistolic dysfunction). Levels of adiponectin, leptin, insulin, interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) were assayed in serum samples by ELISA. ANS was assessed by heart rate variability in frequency domain in 24-hour Holter and postural tilt test (rest and orthostatic position). High frequency (HFr) component values were used to estimate parasympathetic activity and low frequency (LFr) component, sympathetic activity. Analyzes were made of the correlations of each of the metabolic parameters (leptin and adiponectin) with the inflammatory cytokines (interleukin-6 and TNF- alpha) and with the ANS assessment measurements. No significant differences were observed in leptin and insulin levels. Adiponectin was higher in ECG and LVD groups: [CG = 4766.5 (5529.5), IF = 4003.5 (2482.5), ECG = 8376.5 (8388.5), LVD = 8798 (4188.0) ng/mL, p<0.001)]. IL-6 and TNF-alpha were higher in LVD group: [IL-6: CG = 1.85 (6.41); IF = 1.58 (1.91); ECG = 1.0 (1.57); LVD= 31.44 (72.19) pg/ml; p = 0.001. TNF-alpha: CG = 22.57 (88.2); IF = 19.31 (33.16); ECG = 12.45 (3.07); LVD = 75.15 (278.57) pg/ml; p = 0.04]. Adiponectin levels had a positive association with the HFr component (r = 0.539; p = 0.038) and an inverse association with the LFr component (r = - 0.539; p = 0.038) in ECG group. Leptin levels had a negative association with the HFr component (r= - 0.632; p = 0.011) and a positive association with the LFr component (r = 0.632; p = 0.011) in LVD group. CONCLUSIONS: We found increased adiponectin levels in Chagas' heart disease with systolic dysfunction and in patients with ECG abnormalities and normal systolic function at rest. Adipocytokines levels (adiponectin and leptin) were associated with ANS parameters in Chagas' heart disease.


Assuntos
Adipocinas/sangue , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/fisiopatologia , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Adiponectina/sangue , Adulto , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/sangue , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Coração/fisiopatologia , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Inflamação/sangue , Insulina/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Leptina/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/sangue
11.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 105(1): 28-36, July 2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: lil-755004

RESUMO

Background:

Chagas disease is a cause of dilated cardiomyopathy, and information about left atrial (LA) function in this disease still lacks.

Objective:

To assess the different LA functions (reservoir, conduit and pump functions) and their correlation with the echocardiographic parameters of left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic functions.

Methods:

10 control subjects (CG), and patients with Chagas disease as follows: 26 with the indeterminate form (GI); 30 with ECG alterations (GII); and 19 with LV dysfunction (GIII). All patients underwent M-mode and two-dimensional echocardiography, pulsed-wave Doppler and tissue Doppler imaging.

Results:

Reservoir function (Total Emptying Fraction: TEF): (p <0.0001), lower in GIII as compared to CG (p = 0.003), GI (p <0.001) and GII (p <0.001). Conduit function (Passive Emptying Fraction: PEF): (p = 0.004), lower in GIII (GIII and CG, p = 0.06; GI and GII, p = 0.06; and GII and GIII, p = 0.07). Pump function (Active Emptying Fraction: AEF): (p = 0.0001), lower in GIII as compared to CG (p = 0.05), GI (p<0.0001) and GII (p = 0.002). There was a negative correlation of E/e’average with the reservoir and pump functions (TEF and AEF), and a positive correlation of e’average with s’ wave (both septal and lateral walls) and the reservoir, conduit and pump LA functions.

Conclusion:

An impairment of LA functions in Chagas cardiomyopathy was observed.

.

Fundamento:

A doença de Chagas é uma causa de miocardiopatia dilatada, sendo ainda pouco conhecida a função do átrio esquerdo (AE) nessa doença.

Objetivo:

Avaliar as diferenças nas funções do AE (reservatório, conduto e bomba) e sua correlação com os parâmetros ecocardiográficos das funções sistólica e diastólica do ventrículo esquerdo (VE).

Método:

10 controles (GC) e os seguintes pacientes com doença de Chagas: 26 com a forma indeterminada (GI); 30 com alterações eletrocardiográficas (GII); e 19 com disfunção de VE (GIII). Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a ecocardiografia bidimensional e em modo M, Doppler pulsado e Doppler tecidual.

Resultados:

Função de reservatório (fração de esvaziamento total: FET) (p < 0,0001), mais baixa no GIII do que no GC (p = 0,003), GI (p < 0,001) e GII (p < 0,001). Função de conduto (fração de esvaziamento passivo: FEP) (p = 0,004), mais baixa no GIII (GIII e GC, p = 0.06; GI e GII, p = 0.06; e GII e GIII, p = 0,07). Função de bomba (fração de esvaziamento ativo: FEA) (p = 0,0001), mais baixa no GIII do que no CG (p = 0,05), GI (p<0,0001) e GII (p = 0,002). Observou-se uma correlação negativa entre E/e’média e as funções de reservatório e de bomba (FET e FEA), e uma correlação positiva entre as ondas e’média e s’ (paredes septal e lateral) e as funções de reservatório, conduto e bomba.

Conclusão:

Observou-se comprometimento das funções do AE na miocardiopatia chagásica.

.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Função do Átrio Esquerdo/fisiologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Contração Miocárdica/fisiologia , Valores de Referência , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda
12.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 105(1): 28-36, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25993486

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chagas disease is a cause of dilated cardiomyopathy, and information about left atrial (LA) function in this disease still lacks. OBJECTIVE: To assess the different LA functions (reservoir, conduit and pump functions) and their correlation with the echocardiographic parameters of left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic functions. METHODS: 10 control subjects (CG), and patients with Chagas disease as follows: 26 with the indeterminate form (GI); 30 with ECG alterations (GII); and 19 with LV dysfunction (GIII). All patients underwent M-mode and two-dimensional echocardiography, pulsed-wave Doppler and tissue Doppler imaging. RESULTS: Reservoir function (Total Emptying Fraction: TEF): (p <0.0001), lower in GIII as compared to CG (p = 0.003), GI (p <0.001) and GII (p <0.001). Conduit function (Passive Emptying Fraction: PEF): (p = 0.004), lower in GIII (GIII and CG, p = 0.06; GI and GII, p = 0.06; and GII and GIII, p = 0.07). Pump function (Active Emptying Fraction: AEF): (p = 0.0001), lower in GIII as compared to CG (p = 0.05), GI (p<0.0001) and GII (p = 0.002). There was a negative correlation of E/e' (average) with the reservoir and pump functions (TEF and AEF), and a positive correlation of e' (average) with s' wave (both septal and lateral walls) and the reservoir, conduit and pump LA functions. CONCLUSION: An impairment of LA functions in Chagas cardiomyopathy was observed.


Assuntos
Função do Átrio Esquerdo/fisiologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contração Miocárdica/fisiologia , Valores de Referência , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem
13.
Cytokine ; 73(1): 79-83, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25743241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic Chagas Disease cardiomyopathy (CCC), a life-threatening inflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy, affects 30% of the approximately 8 million patients infected by Trypanosoma cruzi, the rest of the infected subjects remaining asymptomatic (ASY). The Th1 T cell-rich myocarditis plays a pivotal role in CCC pathogenesis. Local expression of IL-18 in CCC myocardial tissue has recently been described. IL-18 could potentially amplify the process by inducing increased expression of IFN-γ which in turn can increase the production of IL-18, thereby creating a positive feedback mechanism. In order to assess the contribution of the IL-18 to susceptibility to Chronic Chagas Disease, we investigated the association between a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) located in the IL-18 gene with the risk of developing Chagas cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed the rs2043055 marker in the IL18 gene in a cohort of Chagas disease cardiomyopathy patients (n=849) and asymptomatic subjects (n=202). We found a significant difference in genotype frequencies among moderate and severe CCC patients with ventricular dysfunction. CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis suggests that the IL18 rs2043055 polymorphism- or a SNP in tight linkage disequilibrium with it- may contribute to modulating the Chagas cardiomyopathy outcome.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Interleucina-18/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/fisiopatologia , Doença Crônica , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Volume Sistólico
14.
Cytokine ; 73: 79-83, 2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1062323

RESUMO

Background: Chronic Chagas Disease cardiomyopathy (CCC), a life-threatening inflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy,affects 30% of the approximately 8 million patients infected by Trypanosoma cruzi, the restof the infected subjects remaining asymptomatic (ASY). The Th1 T cell-rich myocarditis plays a pivotalrole in CCC pathogenesis. Local expression of IL-18 in CCC myocardial tissue has recently been described.IL-18 could potentially amplify the process by inducing increased expression of IFN-c which in turn canincrease the production of IL-18, thereby creating a positive feedback mechanism. In order to assess thecontribution of the IL-18 to susceptibility to Chronic Chagas Disease, we investigated the associationbetween a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) located in the IL-18 gene with the risk of developingChagas cardiomyopathy.Methods and results: We analyzed the rs2043055 marker in the IL18 gene in a cohort of Chagas diseasecardiomyopathy patients (n = 849) and asymptomatic subjects (n = 202). We found a significant differencein genotype frequencies among moderate and severe CCC patients with ventricular dysfunction.Conclusions: Our analysis suggests that the IL18 rs2043055 polymorphism- or a SNP in tight linkagedisequilibrium with it- may contribute to modulating the Chagas cardiomyopathy outcome.


Assuntos
Disfunção Ventricular , Doença de Chagas , Miocardite
15.
Nucl Med Commun ; 35(8): 818-23, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24781009

RESUMO

Heart failure is increasing worldwide at epidemic proportions, resulting in considerable disability, mortality, and increase in healthcare costs. Gated myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography or PET imaging is the most prominent imaging modality capable of providing information on global and regional ventricular function, the presence of intraventricular synchronism, myocardial perfusion, and viability on the same test. In addition, I-mIBG scintigraphy is the only imaging technique approved by various regulatory agencies able to provide information regarding the adrenergic function of the heart. Therefore, both myocardial perfusion and adrenergic imaging are useful tools in the workup and management of heart failure patients. This guide is intended to reinforce the information on the use of nuclear cardiology techniques for the assessment of heart failure and associated myocardial disease.


Assuntos
Prova Pericial , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Agências Internacionais , Energia Nuclear , Medicina Nuclear/métodos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos
16.
PLoS One ; 8(12): e83446, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24367596

RESUMO

AIMS: Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi is endemic in Latin America, and may lead to a life-threatening inflammatory dilated, chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC). One third of T. cruzi-infected individuals progress to CCC while the others remain asymptomatic (ASY). A possible genetic component to disease progression was suggested by familial aggregation of cases and the association of markers of innate and adaptive immunity genes with CCC development. Since mutations in multiple sarcomeric genes, including alpha-cardiac actin (ACTC1) have been involved in hereditary dilated cardiomyopathy, we investigated the involvement of the ACTC1 gene in CCC pathogenesis. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a proteomic and genetic study on a Brazilian study population. The genetic study was done on a main cohort including 118 seropositive asymptomatic subjects and 315 cases and the replication was done on 36 asymptomatic and 102 CCC cases. ACTC1 protein and mRNA levels were lower in myocardial tissue from patients with end-stage CCC than those found in hearts from organ donors. Genotyping a case-control cohort of CCC and ASY subjects for all informative single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the ACTC1 gene identified rs640249 SNP, located at the 5' region, as associated to CCC. Associations are borderline after correction for multiple testing. Correlation and haplotype analysis led to the identification of a susceptibility haplotype. Functional assays have shown that the rs640249A/C polymorphism affects the binding of transcriptional factors in the promoter regions of the ACTC1 gene. Confirmation of the detected association on a larger independent replication cohort will be useful. CONCLUSIONS: Genetic variations at the ACTC1 gene may contribute to progression to chronic Chagas Cardiomyopathy among T. cruzi-infected patients, possibly by modulating transcription factor binding to ACTC1 promoter regions.


Assuntos
Actinas/genética , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Actinas/metabolismo , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Miocárdio/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
17.
BMC Infect Dis ; 13: 587, 2013 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24330528

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi is endemic in Latin America. Thirty percent of infected individuals develop chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC), an inflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy that is, by far, the most important clinical consequence of T. cruzi infection. The others remain asymptomatic (ASY). A possible genetic component to disease progression was suggested by familial aggregation of cases and the association of markers of innate and adaptive immunity genes with CCC development. Migration of Th1-type T cells play a major role in myocardial damage. METHODS: Our genetic analysis focused on CCR5, CCL2 and MAL/TIRAP genes. We used the Tag SNPs based approach, defined to catch all the genetic information from each gene. The study was conducted on a large Brazilian population including 315 CCC cases and 118 ASY subjects. RESULTS: The CCL2rs2530797A/A and TIRAPrs8177376A/A were associated to an increase susceptibility whereas the CCR5rs3176763C/C genotype is associated to protection to CCC. These associations were confirmed when we restricted the analysis to severe CCC, characterized by a left ventricular ejection fraction under 40%. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that polymorphisms affecting key molecules involved in several immune parameters (innate immunity signal transduction and T cell/monocyte migration) play a role in genetic susceptibility to CCC development. This also points out to the multigenic character of CCC, each polymorphism imparting a small contribution. The identification of genetic markers for CCC will provide information for pathogenesis as well as therapeutic targets.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/genética , Quimiocina CCL2/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Imunidade Inata , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Receptores CCR5/genética , Receptores de Interleucina-1/genética , Trypanosoma cruzi/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/imunologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/parasitologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/prevenção & controle , Quimiocina CCL2/imunologia , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/imunologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores CCR5/imunologia , Receptores de Interleucina-1/imunologia
18.
J Card Fail ; 19(7): 454-60, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23834921

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The influence of exercise on cardiac metabolic response in patients with Chagas disease is incompletely understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: Changes in cardiac energetic metabolism were investigated in Chagas disease patients before and during isometric handgrip exercise with (31)P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). Twenty-eight patients (10 with systolic dysfunction: group I; 10 with normal systolic function and electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities: group II; and 8 asymptomatic without ECG abnormalities: group III) and 8 healthy control subjects (group C) were evaluated by electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, functional tests for coronary artery disease, and image-selected localized cardiac (31)P-MRS. The myocardial phosphocreatine to [ß-phosphate]adenosine triphosphate ratio (PCr/ß-ATP) was measured at rest and during isometric handgrip exercise. Exercise testing or 99mTc-sestamibi scintigraphy were negative for myocardial ischemia in all individuals. At rest, cardiac PCr/ß-ATP was decreased in all Chagas groups (1.23 ± 0.37) versus group C (1.88 ± 0.08; P < .001) and was lower in group I (0.89 ± 0.24) versus groups II (1.44 ± 0.23) and III (1.40 ± 0.37; P < .001). There was no stress-induced change in cardiac PCr/ß-ATP (1.88 ± 0.08 at rest vs 1.89 ± 0.08 during exercise; P = NS) in group C. Mean cardiac PCr/ß-ATP was 0.89 ± 0.24 and 0.56 ± 0.21 at rest and during exercise, respectively, in group I (37% decrease; P < .001). In group II, PCr/ß-ATP was 1.44 ± 0.23 at rest and 0.97 ± 0.37 during exercise (33% decrease; P < .001). In group III, PCr/ß-ATP was 1.40 ± 0.37 at rest and 0.60 ± 0.19 during exercise (57% decrease; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Myocardial high-energy phosphates are reduced at rest in Chagas heart disease patients, and the reduction is greater in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. Regardless of left ventricular function, Chagas patients exhibit an exercise-induced decline in cardiac high-energy phosphates consistent with myocardial ischemia, suggesting the possibility that this metabolic approach may offer a tool to probe new interventions in Chagas disease patients.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/metabolismo , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Fosfatos/metabolismo , Adulto , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/diagnóstico , Metabolismo Energético/fisiologia , Feminino , Força da Mão/fisiologia , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
PLos ONE ; 8(12): 1-16, 2013. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1065112

RESUMO

Aims: Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi is endemic in Latin America, and may lead to alife-threatening inflammatory dilated, chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC). One third of T. cruzi-infectedindividuals progress to CCC while the others remain asymptomatic (ASY). A possible genetic component to diseaseprogression was suggested by familial aggregation of cases and the association of markers of innate and adaptiveimmunity genes with CCC development. Since mutations in multiple sarcomeric genes, including alpha-cardiac actin(ACTC1) have been involved in hereditary dilated cardiomyopathy, we investigated the involvement of the ACTC1gene in CCC pathogenesis.Methods and Results: We conducted a proteomic and genetic study on a Brazilian study population. The geneticstudy was done on a main cohort including 118 seropositive asymptomatic subjects and 315 cases and thereplication was done on 36 asymptomatic and 102 CCC cases. ACTC1 protein and mRNA levels were lower inmyocardial tissue from patients with end-stage CCC than those found in hearts from organ donors. Genotyping acase-control cohort of CCC and ASY subjects for all informative single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the ACTC1gene identified rs640249 SNP, located at the 5’ region, as associated to CCC. Associations are borderline aftercorrection for multiple testing. Correlation and haplotype analysis led to the identification of a susceptibility haplotype.Functional assays have shown that the rs640249A/C polymorphism affects the binding of transcriptional factors in thepromoter regions of the ACTC1 gene. Confirmation of the detected association on a larger independent replicationcohort will be useful.Conclusions: Genetic variations at the ACTC1 gene may contribute to progression to chronic ChagasCardiomyopathy among T. cruzi-infected patients, possibly by modulating transcription factor binding to ACTC1promoter regions.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica , Doença de Chagas , Variação Genética
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