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Dent Mater J ; 2021 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34305051


The effect of long-term water storage on the regional ultimate tensile strength (UTS), water sorption (Wsp) and water solubility (Wsl) of conventional and bulk-fill resin composites at various depths was investigated. Composite specimens light-cured from one side were sectioned into beams corresponding to different depths (1-5 mm) and stored in water for 24 h, 1 week, 1 month, 6 months or 1 year. UTS increased during the first week and then gradually decreased over time, especially in deeper regions. Bulk-fill composites initially exhibited similar UTS at all depths, whereas the UTS of conventional composites at 1 mm and 5 mm differed significantly at all time points. Wsp and Wsl increased with depth and storage time, markedly at 3-5 mm after 1 month for conventional composites and after 6 months for bulk-fill composites. The signs of degradation at depths beyond 3 mm suggested that even bulk-fill composites have suboptimal properties in layers more than 3 mm in thickness.

Dent Mater J ; 38(4): 621-629, 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31178547


The aim of this study was to investigate volumetric polymerization shrinkage (VS), using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT), of bulk-fill composites with different light-curing strategies; immediately after light-irradiation and after 24 h, and to evaluate their regional ultimate tensile strength (UTS) at different curing depths. The immediate VS after photo-polymerization decreased when the curing light-curing time was reduced from 20 to 10 to 5 s. On the other hand, their VS values after 24 h significantly increased due to the post-cure polymerization, resulting in similar VS values at all the light-curing times. Five seconds light-curing decreased the regional UTS of resin composites after the 24 h period compared with the 10 and 20 s light-curing regimes; therefore, the remarkable progress of post-cure polymerization after light-curing for a short time would not lead to an improvement in the mechanical properties of resin composites. The influence of the light-curing time on the curing depth was dependent upon the bulk-fill composite material.

Resinas Compostas , Luzes de Cura Dentária , Teste de Materiais , Polimerização , Resistência à Tração
Dent Mater J ; 38(2): 233-240, 2019 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30449829


The repair microshear bond strengths (µSBSs) to resin matrices in 4 different cured-composites after water storage (0, 60 s, 1 week, 1 month) were evaluated. Three different adhesive application methods to the cured-composites were performed; (1) none, (2) onestep self-etch adhesive application, and (3) one-step self-etch adhesive application with a silane coupling agent. Degree of conversion (DC) of the composite discs was determined using ATR/FT-IR with a time-based spectrum analysis. Initially, the amount of un-reacted resin monomers in the repaired cured-composite contributed to the bonding performance of newly-filled uncured-composite to resin matrix of the cured-composite. Adhesive application could not improve their repair µSBS. After 1-month of water-storage, the repair µSBS was dependent on material, which either reduced or did not and was not influenced by their amount of un-reacted resin monomers. When repairing aged composite resin, the appropriate adhesive application procedures were different among resin composites.

Colagem Dentária , Cimentos de Resina , Resinas Compostas , Teste de Materiais , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração , Água