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1.
Neuroendocrinology ; 111(1-2): 129-138, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040951

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The adoption of spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy (SPDP) for malignant disease such as pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) has been controversial. The objective of the current study was to assess the impact of SPDP on outcomes of patients with pNETs. METHODS: Patients undergoing a distal pancreatectomy for pNET between 2002 and 2016 were identified in the US Neuroendocrine Tumor Study Group database. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to compare short- and long-term outcomes of patients undergoing SPDP versus distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy (DPS). RESULTS: Among 621 patients, 103 patients (16.6%) underwent an SPDP. Patients who underwent SPDP were more likely to have lower BMI (median, 27.5 [IQR 24.0-31.2] vs. 28.7 [IQR 25.7-33.6]; p = 0.005) and have undergone minimally invasive surgery (n = 56, 54.4% vs. n = 185, 35.7%; p < 0.001). After PSM, while the median total number of lymph nodes examined among patients who underwent an SPDP was lower compared with DPS (3 [IQR 1-8] vs. 9 [5-13]; p < 0.001), 5-year overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were comparable (OS: 96.8 vs. 92.0%, log-rank p = 0.21, RFS: 91.1 vs. 84.7%, log-rank p = 0.93). In addition, patients undergoing SPDP had less intraoperative blood loss (median, 100 mL [IQR 10-250] vs. 150 mL [IQR 100-400]; p = 0.001), lower incidence of serious complications (n = 13, 12.8% vs. n = 28, 27.5%; p = 0.014), and shorter length of stay (median: 5 days [IQR 4-7] vs. 6 days [IQR 5-13]; p = 0.049) compared with patients undergoing DPS. CONCLUSION: SPDP for pNET was associated with acceptable perioperative and long-term outcomes that were comparable to DPS. SPDP should be considered for patients with pNET.

2.
JAMA Netw Open ; 3(12): e2028644, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295976

RESUMO

Importance: The incidence of appendiceal cancer (AC) is rising, particularly among individuals younger than 50 years (early-onset AC), with unexplained etiologies. The unique spectrum of somatic cancer gene variations among patients with early-onset AC is largely undetermined. Objective: To characterize the frequency of somatic variations and genomic patterns among patients with early-onset (age <50 years) vs late-onset (age ≥50 years) AC. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included individuals aged 18 years and older diagnosed with pathologically verified AC. Cases with clinical-grade targeted sequencing data from January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2019, were identified from the international clinicogenomic data-sharing consortium American Association for Cancer Research Project Genomics Evidence Neoplasia Information Exchange (GENIE). Data analysis was conducted from May to September 2020. Exposures: Age at disease onset. Main Outcomes and Measures: Somatic variation prevalence and spectrum in AC patients was determined. Variation comparisons between early-onset and late-onset AC were evaluated using multivariable logistic regression with adjustment for sex, race/ethnicity, histological subtype, sequencing center, and sample type. Results: In total 385 individuals (mean [SD] age at diagnosis, 56.0 [12.4] years; 187 [48.6%] men; 306 [79.5%] non-Hispanic White individuals) with AC were included in this study, and 109 patients (28.3%) were diagnosed with early-onset AC. Race/ethnicity differed by age at disease onset; non-Hispanic Black individuals accounted for a larger proportion of early-onset vs late-onset cases (9 of 109 [8.3%] vs 11 of 276 [4.0%]; P = 0.04). Compared with patients aged 50 years or older at diagnosis, patients with early-onset AC had significantly higher odds of presenting with nonsilent variations in PIK3CA, SMAD3, and TSC2 (PIK3CA: odds ratio [OR], 4.58; 95% CI, 1.72-12.21; P = .002; SMAD3: OR, 7.37; 95% CI, 1.24-43.87; P = .03; TSC2: OR, 12.43; 95% CI, 1.03-149.59; P = .047). In contrast, patients with early-onset AC had a 60% decreased odds of presenting with GNAS nonsilent variations compared with patients with late-onset AC (OR, 0.40; 95% CI, 0.21-0.76, P = .006). By histological subtype, young patients with mucinous adenocarcinomas of the appendix had 65% decreased odds of variations in GNAS compared with late-onset cases in adjusted models (OR, 0.35; 95% CI, 0.15-0.79; P = .01). Similarly, patients with early-onset nonmucinous appendiceal adenocarcinomas had 72% decreased odds of presenting with GNAS variations vs late-onset cases, although these findings did not reach significance (OR, 0.28; 95% CI, 0.07-1.14; P = .08). GNAS and TP53 variations were mutually exclusive in ACs among early-onset and late-onset cases (P < .05). Conclusions and Relevance: In the study, AC diagnosed among younger individuals harbored a distinct genomic landscape compared with AC diagnosed among older individuals. Development of therapeutic modalities that target these unique molecular features may yield clinical implications specifically for younger patients.

3.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2020 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892270

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal time interval to define early recurrence (ER) among patients who underwent resection of gallbladder cancer (GBC) is not well defined. We sought to develop and validate a novel GBC recurrence risk (GBRR) score to predict ER among patients undergoing resection for GBC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent curative-intent resection for GBC between 2000 and 2018 were identified from the US Extrahepatic Biliary Malignancy Consortium database. A minimum p value approach in the log-rank test was used to define the optimal cutoff for ER. A risk stratification model was developed to predict ER based on relevant clinicopathological factors and was externally validated. RESULTS: Among 309 patients, 103 patients (33.3%) had a recurrence at a median follow-up period of 15.1 months. The optimal cutoff for ER was defined at 12 months (p = 3.04 × 10-18). On multivariable analysis, T3/T4 disease (HR: 2.80; 95% CI 1.58-5.11) and poor tumor differentiation (HR: 1.91; 95% CI 1.11-3.25) were associated with greater hazards of ER. The GBRR score was developed using ß-coefficients of variables in the final model, and patients were classified into three distinct groups relative to the risk for ER (12-month RFS; low risk: 88.4%, intermediate risk: 77.9%, high risk: 37.0%, p < 0.001). The external validation demonstrated good model generalizability with good calibration (n = 102: 12-month RFS; low risk: 94.2%, intermediate risk: 59.8%, high risk: 42.0%, p < 0.001). The GBRR score is available online at https://ktsahara.shinyapps.io/GBC_earlyrec/ . CONCLUSIONS: A novel online calculator was developed to help clinicians predict the probability of ER after curative-intent resection for GBC. The proposed web-based tool may help in the optimization of surveillance intervals and the counselling of patients about their prognosis.

4.
HPB (Oxford) ; 2020 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771338

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) or distal pancreatectomy (DP) are common procedures for patients with a pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (pNET). Nevertheless, certain patients may benefit from a pancreas-preserving resection such as enucleation (EN). The aim of this study was to define the indications and differences in long-term outcomes among patients undergoing EN and PD/DP. METHODS: Patients undergoing resection of a pNET between 1992 and 2016 were identified. Indications and outcomes were evaluated, and propensity score matching (PSM) analysis was performed to compare long-term outcomes between patients who underwent EN versus PD/DP. RESULTS: Among 1034 patients, 143 (13.8%) underwent EN, 304 (29.4%) PD, and 587 (56.8%) DP. Indications for EN were small size (1.5 cm, IQR:1.0-1.9), functional tumors (58.0%) that were mainly insulinomas (51.7%). After PSM (n = 109 per group), incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) grade B/C was higher after EN (24.5%) compared with PD/DP (14.0%) (p = 0.049). Median recurrence-free survival (RFS) was comparable among patients who underwent EN (47 months, 95% CI:23-71) versus PD/DP (37 months, 95% CI: 33-47, p = 0.480). CONCLUSION: Comparable long-term outcomes were noted among patients who underwent EN versus PD/DP for pNET. The incidence of clinically significant POPF was higher after EN.

5.
iScience ; 23(8): 101408, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771978

RESUMO

Patient-derived cancer organoids hold great potential to accurately model and predict therapeutic responses. Efficient organoid isolation methods that minimize post-collection manipulation of tissues would improve adaptability, accuracy, and applicability to both experimental and real-time clinical settings. Here we present a simple and minimally invasive fine-needle aspiration (FNA)-based organoid culture technique using a variety of tumor types including gastrointestinal, thyroid, melanoma, and kidney. This method isolates organoids directly from patients at the bedside or from resected tissues, requiring minimal tissue processing while preserving the histologic growth patterns and infiltrating immune cells. Finally, we illustrate diverse downstream applications of this technique including in vitro high-throughput chemotherapeutic screens, in situ immune cell characterization, and in vivo patient-derived xenografts. Thus, routine clinical FNA-based collection techniques represent an unappreciated substantial source of material that can be exploited to generate tumor organoids from a variety of tumor types for both discovery and clinical applications.

6.
Ann Surg ; 2020 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32511134

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To improve the prognostic accuracy of the eighth edition of AJCC staging system for pNETs with establishment and validation of a new staging system. BACKGROUND: Validation of the updated eighth AJCC staging system for pNETs has been limited and controversial. METHODS: Data from the SEER registry (1975-2016) (n = 3303) and a multi-institutional database (2000-2016) (n = 825) was used as development and validation cohorts, respectively. A mTNM was proposed by maintaining the eighth AJCC T and M definitions, and the recently proposed N status as N0 (no LNM), N1 (1-3 LNM), and N2 (≥4 LNM), but adopting a new stage classification. RESULTS: The eighth TNM staging system failed to stratify patients with stage I versus IIA, stage IIB versus IIIA, and overall stage I versus II relative to long-term OS in both database. There was a monotonic decrement in survival based on the proposed mTNM staging classification among patients derived from both the SEER (5-year OS, stage I 87.0% vs stage II 80.3% vs stage III 72.9% vs stage IV 57.2%, all P < 0.001), and multi-institutional (5-year OS, stage I 97.6% vs stage II 82.7% vs stage III 78.4% vs stage IV 50.0%, all P < 0.05) datasets. On multivariable analysis, mTNM staging remained strongly associated with prognosis, as the hazard of death incrementally increased with each stage among patients in the 2 cohorts. CONCLUSION: A mTNM pNETs clinical staging system using N0, N1, N2 nodal categories was better at stratifying patients relative to long-term OS than the eighth AJCC staging.

7.
Surg Oncol ; 33: 58-62, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32561100

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding the role of resection in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) who present with isolated non-regional lymph node metastasis (NRLNM). METHODS: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results database, we identified patients diagnosed with CRC and NRLNM from 2004 to 2013. RESULTS: A total of 849 patients presented with CRC and isolated NRLNM. Of these, 90 (10.6%) underwent resection of NRLNM. Median overall survival (OS) did not differ for patients who underwent resection of NRLNM compared to those who did not (33 versus 29 months, p = 0.68). Subgroup analysis by primary tumor site, also did not demonstrate a difference in median OS. Cox proportional hazard model revealed older age (Hazard ratio [HR] 1.34, 95% Confidence Interval [CI] 1.17-1.53, p < 0.0001), higher tumor grade (HR 1.81, 95% CI 1.52-2.16, p < 0.0001), and earlier year of diagnosis (HR 1.34, 95% CI 1.17-1.53, p < 0.0001) were associated with decreased OS. There was no survival difference between those who underwent resection of NRLNM compared to those who had not (HR 0.997, p = 0.28). CONCLUSION: Resection of NRLNM in patients with CRC is not associated with an OS benefit. Further studies are needed to determine if there is a subset of patients who could potentially benefit from this resection strategy.

10.
J Surg Oncol ; 122(3): 442-449, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32470159

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the short- and long-term outcomes of patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for duodenal neuroendocrine tumors (dNETs) vs pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs). METHOD: Patients undergoing PD for dNETs or pNETs between 1997 and 2016 were identified from a multi-institutional database. Overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were evaluated. RESULTS: Among 276 patients who underwent PD, 244 (88.4%) patients had a primary pNET, whereas 32 (11.6%) patients had a dNET. Following PD, postoperative morbidity and mortality were comparable. While the total number of lymph nodes examined was similar between the two groups (median, dNETs 15.0 vs pNETs 13.0; P= .648), patients with dNETs had a higher incidence of lymph node metastasis (LNM) (60.0% vs 38.2%; P = .022) and a larger number of metastatic nodes (median, 3.5 vs 2.0; P = .039). No differences in OS or RFS were noted among patients with dNETs vs pNETs in both unadjusted and adjusted analyses. Among patients who recurred after PD, patients with dNETs were more likely to recur early (within 2 years, 100% vs 49.2%; P = .029) and at an extrahepatic site (intrahepatic-only recurrence, 20.0% vs 54.1%; P = 0.142) vs patients with pNETs. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with dNETs and pNETs had a similar prognosis following PD. Data on differences in the incidence of LNM, as well as in recurrence time and patterns may help to inform the treatment of these patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Duodenais/cirurgia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Neoplasias Duodenais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos , Pontuação de Propensão , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 27(8): 2795-2803, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32430752

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Approximately 35% of patients with midgut neuroendocrine tumors (MNET) present with distant metastases. Although successful resection of these metastatic foci improves overall survival (OS), the role of primary tumor resection (PTR) in patients with unresectable metastatic disease is unclear. The aim of this study is to evaluate prevalence and survival impact of PTR in patients with unresectable metastatic MNET. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients with metastatic MNET was performed using the National Cancer Database (2004-2014). Demographic and clinicopathologic variables were compared between patients who did and did not undergo PTR. Survival analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier and log-rank tests. Multivariable regression analysis was used to assess factors associated with PTR and all-cause mortality. RESULTS: The cohort included 4076 patients; 2520 (61.8%) underwent PTR. Patients more likely to undergo PTR were younger and diagnosed earlier, underwent treatment at a nonacademic facility, lived on the West Coast or in the Central USA, and presented with smaller lower-grade small bowel primary tumors. Median OS was improved for patients who underwent PTR compared with those who did not (71 vs. 29 months, p < 0.001). On multivariable analysis, younger age, Black race, higher income, later year of diagnosis, treatment at an academic facility, private insurance, fewer comorbidities, small bowel primary, lower grade, and PTR (hazard ratio 0.63, 95% confidence interval 0.51-0.78, p < 0.001) were associated with lower mortality. CONCLUSIONS: PTR was associated with improved OS. Further study is needed to understand how clinicians select patients for PTR.

13.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 27(10): 3915-3923, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32328982

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) are often indolent; however, identifying patients at risk for rapidly progressing variants is critical, particularly for those with small tumors who may be candidates for expectant management. Specific growth rate (SGR) has been predictive of survival in other malignancies but has not been examined in PNETs. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of adult patients who underwent PNET resection from 2000 to 2016 was performed utilizing the multi-institutional United States Neuroendocrine Study Group database. Patients with ≥ 2 preoperative cross-sectional imaging studies at least 30 days apart were included in our analysis (N = 288). Patients were grouped as "high SGR" or "low SGR." Demographic and clinical factors were compared between the groups. Kaplan-Meier and log-rank analysis were used for survival analysis. Cox proportional hazard analysis was used to assess the impact of various clinical factors on overall survival (OS). RESULTS: High SGR was associated with higher T stage at resection, shorter doubling time, and elevated HbA1c (all P ≤ 0.01). Patients with high SGR had significantly decreased 5-year OS (63 vs 80%, P = 0.01) and disease-specific survival (72 vs 91%, P = 0.03) compared to those with low SGR. In patients with small (≤ 2 cm) tumors (N = 106), high SGR predicted lower 5-year OS (79 vs 96%, P = 0.01). On multivariate analysis, high SGR was independently associated with worse OS (hazard ratio 2.67, 95% confidence interval 1.05-6.84, P = 0.04). CONCLUSION: High SGR is associated with worse survival in PNET patients. Evaluating PNET SGR may enhance clinical decision-making, particularly when weighing expectant management versus surgery in patients with small tumors.

15.
J Surg Oncol ; 121(7): 1067-1073, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32153032

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Lack of high-level evidence supporting adjuvant therapy for patients with resected gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP NETs) warrants an evaluation of its non-standard of care use. METHODS: Patients with primary GEP NETs who underwent curative-intent resection at eight institutions between 2000 and 2016 were identified; 91 patients received adjuvant therapy. Recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were compared between adjuvant cytotoxic chemotherapy and somatostatin analog cohorts. RESULTS: In resected patients, 33 received cytotoxic chemotherapy, and 58 received somatostatin analogs. Five-year RFS/OS was 49% and 83%, respectively. Cytotoxic chemotherapy RFS/OS was 36% and 61%, respectively, lower than the no therapy cohort (P < .01). RFS with somatostatin analog therapy (compared to none) was lower (P < .01), as was OS (P = .01). On multivariable analysis, adjuvant cytotoxic therapy was negatively associated with RFS but not OS controlling for patient/tumor-specific characteristics (RFS P < .01). CONCLUSIONS: Our data, reflecting the largest reported experience to date, demonstrate that adjuvant therapy for resected GEP NETs is negatively associated with RFS and confers no OS benefit. Selection bias enriching our treatment cohort for individuals with unmeasured high-risk characteristics likely explains some of these results; future studies should focus on patient subsets who may benefit from adjuvant therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Intestinais/cirurgia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/tratamento farmacológico , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Intestinais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Intestinais/patologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/mortalidade , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Somatostatina/análogos & derivados , Somatostatina/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
16.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 27(9): 3147-3153, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32219725

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Insurance status predicts access to medical care in the USA. Previous studies have shown uninsured patients with some malignancies have worse outcomes than insured patients. The impact of insurance status on patients with gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) is unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of adult patients with resected GEP-NETs was performed using the US Neuroendocrine Tumor Study Group (USNETSG) database (2000-2016). Demographic and clinical factors were compared by insurance status. Patients ≥ 65 years were excluded, as these patients are almost universally covered by Medicare. Kaplan-Meier and log-rank analyses were used for survival analysis. Logistic regression was used to assess factors associated with overall survival (OS). RESULTS: The USNETSG database included 2022 patients. Of those, 1425 were aged 18-64 years at index operation and were included in our analysis. Uninsured patients were more likely to have an emergent operation (7.9% versus 2.5%, p = 0.01) and less likely to receive postoperative somatostatin analog therapy (1.6% versus 9.9%, p = 0.03). OS at 1, 5, and 10 years was significantly higher for insured patients (96.3%, 88.2%, and 73.8%, respectively) than uninsured patients (87.7%, 71.9%, and 44.0%, respectively) (p < 0.01). On Cox multivariate regression analysis controlling for T/M stage, tumor grade, ASA class, and income level, being uninsured was independently associated with worse OS [hazard ratio (HR) 2.69, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.32-5.48, p = 0.006]. CONCLUSIONS: Insurance status is an independent predictor of survival in patients with GEP-NETs. Our study highlights the importance of access to medical care, disparities related to insurance status, and the need to mitigate these disparities.

17.
J Surg Oncol ; 121(3): 503-510, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907941

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The survival benefit of lymphadenectomy among patients with gallbladder cancer (GBC) remains poorly understood. METHODS: Patients who underwent resection for GBC between 2000 and 2015 were identified from a US multi-institutional database. The therapeutic index (LNM rate multiplied by 3-year overall survival [OS]) was determined to assess the survival benefit of lymphadenectomy. RESULTS: Among 449 patients, less than half had LNM (N = 183, 40.8%). The median number of evaluated and metastatic lymph nodes (LNs) was 3 (interquartile range [IQR]: 1-6) and 1 (IQR: 0-1), respectively. 3-year OS among patients with LNM in the entire cohort was 26.8%. The therapeutic index was lower among patients with T4 (5.9) or T1 (6.0) tumors as well as carbohydrate antigen (CA19-9) ≥200 UI/mL (6.0). Of note, a therapeutic index difference ≥10 was noted relative to CA19-9 (<200: 18.7 vs ≥200: 6.0), American Joint Committee on Cancer T Stage (T1: 6.0 vs T2: 17.8 vs T4: 5.9) and number of LNs examined (1-2: 6.9 vs ≥6: 16.9). Concomitant common bile duct resection was not associated with a higher therapeutic index among patients with either T2 or T3 disease. CONCLUSION: Certain clinicopathological factors including T1 or T4 tumor and CA19-9 ≥200 UI/mL were associated with a low therapeutic index. Resection of six or more LNs was associated with a meaningful therapeutic index benefit among patients with LNM.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/cirurgia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Ducto Colédoco/cirurgia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/patologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Excisão de Linfonodo/mortalidade , Linfonodos/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Taxa de Sobrevida , Índice Terapêutico , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
18.
J Surg Res ; 245: 315-320, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421379

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transplant patients are at the risk of serious sequelae from medical and surgical intervention. The incidence and burden of emergency general surgery (EGS) in transplant patients are scarcely known. This study aims to identify predictors of outcomes in transplant patients with EGS needs. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2007-2011) was queried for adult patients (aged ≥16 y) who underwent abdominal visceral transplantation. These were further queried for a secondary diagnosis of an American Association for the Surgery of Trauma-defined EGS condition. Outcome measures included mortality, complications, length of stay, and cost of care. Propensity scores were used to match patients across baseline characteristics. Multivariate analysis was used to further adjust propensity score quintiles and hospital-level characteristics. RESULTS: A total of 35,573 transplant patients were identified. Of these, 30% (n = 10,676) developed an EGS condition. Most common EGS conditions were resuscitation (7.7%), intestinal obstruction (7.3%), biliary conditions (3.9%), and hernias (3.2%). Patients with public insurance, those in the highest income quartile, and those treated at larger hospitals had a lower likelihood of developing an EGS condition (P < 0.05). Patients with an EGS condition had a ninefold higher likelihood of mortality and a threefold higher likelihood of developing complications (odds ratio [95% confidence interval (CI)]: 9.21 [1.80-10.89] and 3.17 [3.02-3.34], respectively). Transplant patients after EGS had a longer risk-adjusted length of stay and cost of index hospitalization (Absolute difference [95% CI]: 12.70 [12.14-13.26] and $57,797 [55,415-60,179], respectively]). CONCLUSIONS: Transplant patients fare poorly after developing an EGS condition. The results of this study will help in identifying at-risk patients and determining outcomes.


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Tratamento de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Transplantados/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Bases de Dados Factuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Tratamento de Emergência/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/efeitos adversos , Estados Unidos
20.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 24(9): 2121-2126, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31749094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Appendiceal neuroendocrine tumors (A-NETs) are rare neoplasms of the GI tract. They are typically managed according to tumor size; however, the impact of surgical strategy on the short- and long-term outcomes is unknown. METHODS: All patients who underwent resection of A-NET at 8 institutions from 2000 to 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. Patient clinicopathologic features and outcomes were stratified according to resection type. RESULTS: Of 61 patients identified with A-NET, mean age of presentation was 44.7 ± 16.0 years and patients were predominantly Caucasian (77%) and female (56%). Mean tumor size was 1.2 ± 1.3 cm with a median of 0.8 cm. Thirty-one patients (51%) underwent appendectomy and 30 (49%) underwent colonic resection. The appendectomy group had more T1 tumors (87% vs 42%, p < 0.01) than the colon resection group. Of patients in the colon resection group, 27% had positive lymph nodes and 3% had M1 disease. R0 resections were achieved in 90% of appendectomy patients and 97% of colon resection patients. Complications occurred with a higher frequency in the colon resection group (30%) compared with those in the appendectomy group (6%, p = 0.02). The colon resection group also had a longer length of stay, higher average blood loss, and longer average OR time. Median RFS and OS were similar between groups. CONCLUSION: A-NET RFS and OS are equivalent regardless of surgical strategy. Formal colon resection is associated with increased length of stay, OR time, higher blood loss, and more complications. Further study is warranted to identify patients that are likely to benefit from more aggressive surgery.

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