Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 133
Filtrar
1.
Blood Adv ; 3(13): 1981-1988, 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31270080

RESUMO

Protein tyrosine phosphatase nonreceptor type 2 (PTPN2) is a phosphatase known to be a tumor suppressor gene in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). Because the full clinicobiologic characteristics of PTPN2 loss remain poorly reported, we aimed to provide a comprehensive analysis of PTPN2 deletions within a cohort of 430 patients, including 216 adults and 214 children treated according to the GRAALL03/05 (#NCT00222027 and #NCT00327678) and the FRALLE2000 protocols, respectively. We used multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification to identify an 8% incidence of PTPN2 deletion, which was comparable in adult (9%) and pediatric (6%) populations. PTPN2 deletions were significantly associated with an αß lineage and TLX1 deregulation. Analysis of the mutational genotype of adult T-ALL revealed a positive correlation between PTPN2 deletions and gain-of-function alterations in the IL7R/JAK-STAT signaling pathway as well as PHF6 and WT1 mutations. Of note, PTPN2 and PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homolog) deletions were mutually exclusive. Regarding treatment response, PTPN2-deleted T-ALLs were associated with a higher glucocorticoid response and a trend for improved survival in children, but not in adults, with a 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse of 8% for PTPN2-deleted pediatric cases vs 26% (P = .177).

2.
Cancer Med ; 8(8): 4070-4078, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31172693

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Controversy persists concerning screening programs (SPs), related to a potential risk of overdiagnosis or the impact on survival. One of the main questions to be addressed concerns the aggressiveness of the related treatments. METHODS: Using the "Cancer Cohort," a national-based cohort (medico-administrative database), all women between the ages of 50 and 74 years and treated in 2014 for incident breast cancer were compared, according to whether their diagnosis was made following a mammogram performed within the framework of the SP (SP group) or outside it (NSP group). RESULTS: A total of 23 788 women were identified: 13 530 (57%) in the SP group and 10 258 (43%) in the NSP group. The women in the SP group had a higher rate of in situ or localized invasive breast cancer. They had a higher rate of breast-conserving surgery (82% vs 70%), and a lower rate of chemotherapy (34% vs 53%). These findings were observed irrespective of the stage. They had a higher rate of pathways involving breast-conserving surgery followed by radiotherapy. Among women with metastatic cancer, those in the SP group had a lower proportion of liver, lung, brain, and bone metastases, and a higher proportion of lymph node metastases (other than axillary), irrespective of the time to onset of the metastases. CONCLUSION: The women in whom cancer was diagnosed following a mammogram performed in the context of the SP had less advanced cancer and less aggressive treatments. This observational study helps illustrate the benefit of the SP in France using a different approach.

4.
Clin Cancer Res ; 25(8): 2483-2493, 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30659025

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Biological explanation for discrepancies in patient-related response to chemotherapy depending on the underlying oncogenic events is a promising research area. TLX1- or TLX3-deregulated T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias (T-ALL; TLX1/3+) share an immature cortical phenotype and similar transcriptional signatures. However, their prognostic impacts differ, and inconsistent clinical outcome has been reported for TLX3. We therefore hypothesized that the overlapping transcriptional profiles of TLX1+ and TLX3+ T-ALLs would allow identification of candidate genes, which might determine their distinct clinical outcomes. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We compared TLX1+ and TLX3+ adult T-ALL outcome in the successive French national LALA-94 and GRAALL-2003/2005 multicentric trials and analyzed transcriptomic data to identify differentially expressed genes. Epigenetic regulation of asparagine synthetase (ASNS) and in vitro l-asparaginase sensitivity were evaluated for T-ALL cell lines and primary samples. RESULTS: We show that TLX1+ patients expressed low levels of ASNS when compared with TLX3+ and TLX-negative patients, due to epigenetic silencing of ASNS by both DNA methylation and a decrease of active histone marks. Promoter methylation of the ASNS gene correlated with l-asparaginase sensitivity in both T-ALL cell lines and patient-derived xenografts. Finally, ASNS promoter methylation was an independent prognostic factor for both event-free survival [HR, 0.42; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.24-0.71; P = 0.001] and overall survival (HR, 0.40; 95% CI, 0.23-0.70; P = 0.02) in 160 GRAALL-2003/2005 T-ALL patients and also in an independent series of 47 LL03-treated T lymphoblastic lymphomas (P = 0.012). CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that ASNS methylation status at diagnosis may allow individual adaptation of l-asparaginase dose.

5.
Bull Cancer ; 106(1): 37-47, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30638899

RESUMO

The offer of anti-cancer drugs has recently been disrupted by the introduction of checkpoint inhibitors on the market. Currently, one anti-CTLA-4, two anti-PD-1 and two anti-PD-L1 are authorized in the European Union, in seven different types of cancer. The clinical development of these therapies is still in full swing: in July 2017, more than 1 500 clinical trials were evaluating anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1 and anti-CTLA-4 drugs in about twenty different locations and this number continues to increase. In the short term in France, other immunotherapies, the CAR-T cells, will complete this therapeutic arsenal. These immunotherapies appear as a real revolution in the treatment of some cancers. Nevertheless, many issues are associated with these therapies, particularly regarding the identification of good responders, the proper use of these drugs including the management of therapeutic strategies and safety profile, as well as the organization of care. In addition, the expenses associated with ipilimumab, nivolumab and pembrolizumab are substantial and almost tripled in one year, going from 120 million euros in 2015 to more than 340 million euros in 2016. This raises the question of the ability of the current healthcare system to maintain equitable access to innovation and best treatments for all patients. For all these reasons, the French National Cancer Institute decided to dedicate its thematic annual report on these innovative immunotherapies, targeting in particular checkpoint inhibitors and CAR-T cells, in order to produce an inventory of current data and an analysis regarding the different issues associated with these therapies.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Antígeno CTLA-4/antagonistas & inibidores , Imunoterapia/métodos , Neoplasias/terapia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , França , Humanos , Imunoterapia/tendências , Imunoterapia Adotiva/métodos , Imunoterapia Adotiva/tendências , Ipilimumab/uso terapêutico , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Nivolumabe/uso terapêutico , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos
6.
Haematologica ; 104(8): 1617-1625, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30655366

RESUMO

The prognostic implications of DNMT3A genotype in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia are incompletely understood. We performed comprehensive genetic and clinico-biological analyses of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients with DNMT3A mutations treated during the GRAALL-2003 and -2005 studies. Eighteen of 198 cases (9.1%) had DNMT3A alterations. Two patients also had DNMT3A mutations in non-leukemic cell DNA, providing the first potential evidence of age-related clonal hematopoiesis in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. DNMT3A mutation was associated with older age (median 43.9 years vs 29.4 years, P<0.001), immature T-cell receptor genotype (53.3% vs 24.4%, P=0.016) and lower remission rates (72.2% mutated vs 94.4% non-mutated, P=0.006). DNMT3A alterations were significantly associated with worse clinical outcome, with higher cumulative incidence of relapse (HR 2.33, 95% CI: 1.05-5.16, P=0.037) and markedly poorer event-free survival (HR 3.22, 95% CI: 1.81-5.72, P<0.001) and overall survival (HR 2.91, 95% CI: 1.56-5.43, P=0.001). Adjusting for age as a covariate, or restricting the analysis to patients over 40 years, who account for almost 90% of DNMT3A-mutated cases, did not modify these observations. In multivariate analysis using the risk factors that were used to stratify treatment during the GRAALL studies, DNMT3A mutation was significantly associated with shorter event-free survival (HR 2.33, 95% CI: 1.06 - 4.04, P=0.02). Altogether, these results identify DNMT3A genotype as a predictor of aggressive T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia biology. The GRAALL-2003 and -2005 studies were registered at http://www.ClinicalTrials.gov as #NCT00222027 and #NCT00327678, respectively.

7.
Am J Hematol ; 2018 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30456896

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in first remission (CR1) with isolated NPM1 mutation (iNPM1m) is considered a good prognosis genotype, although up to one third relapse. To evaluate the best transplant strategy, we retrospectively compared autologous stem cell transplantation (auto-SCT), related (MSD) and fully matched unrelated (MUD) allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). We identified 256 adult patients including 125 auto-SCT, 72 MSD and 59 MUD. The 2-year leukemia-free survival (LFS) was 62% in auto-SCT, 69% in MUD and 81% in MSD (p=0.02 for MSD versus others). The 2-year overall survival (OS) was not different among auto-SCT, MUD and MSD, reaching 83% (p=0.88). The 2-year non-relapse mortality (NRM) was 2.5% in auto-SCT and 7.5% in allo-SCT (p=0.04). The 2-year cumulative incidence of relapse (RI) was higher after auto-SCT (30%) than after MUD (22%) and MSD (12%, p=0.01). In multivariate analysis, MSD versus auto-SCT but not MUD versus auto-SCT was associated with lower RI (p<0.01 and p=0.13, respectively) and better LFS (p=0.01 and p=0.31, respectively). Age correlated with higher NRM (p<0.01). Allo-SCT using MSD appears as a reasonable transplant option for young patients with iNPM1m AML in CR1. Auto-SCT was followed by worse RI and LFS, but similar OS to both allo-SCT modalities. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

8.
J Clin Oncol ; : JCO2018787366, 2018 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30260758

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in elderly patients has a poor prognosis. In an attempt to improve outcome for these patients, the prospective open-label phase III LAM-SA 2007 (Adding Lomustine to Chemotherapy in Older Patients With Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML), and Allogeneic Transplantation for Patients From 60 to 65 Years Old) trial randomly assigned patients to a standard induction regimen with lomustine added or to a consolidation regimen with cytarabine and idarubicin. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Adults age 60 years or older with previously untreated AML who were fit to receive intensive chemotherapy and who were without unfavorable cytogenetics received standard chemotherapy with lomustine (idarubicin, cytarabine, and lomustine [ICL]) or without (idarubicin and cytarabine [IC]). The primary objective of the study was overall survival (OS); secondary objectives were response rate, cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), event-free survival (EFS), and safety. RESULTS: From February 2008 to December 2011, 459 patients were enrolled. Comparing patients in the IC and ICL arms, complete response or complete response with incomplete recovery was achieved in 74.9% versus 84.7% ( P = .01). The proportional hazards assumption was rejected for OS ( P = .02), which led us to consider two separate time intervals: during and after induction. There was no significant difference between the two arms during induction, although induction deaths were 3.7% versus 7.7%, respectively ( P = .11). However, significantly better results were observed after induction with an improved 2-year OS of 56% in the ICL arm versus 48% in the IC arm ( P = .02). At 2 years, EFS was improved at 41% in the ICL arm versus 26% in the IC arm ( P = .01). The CIR at 2 years was 41.2% in the ICL arm versus 60.9% in the IC arm ( P = .003). Grade 3 and 4 toxicities, mostly hematologic, were significantly higher in the ICL arm ( P = .04), and fewer patients required a second treatment after ICL. CONCLUSION: Adding lomustine to standard chemotherapy significantly improved the outcome of elderly patients with AML.

9.
Br J Haematol ; 182(6): 807-815, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29984825

RESUMO

The role of autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in patients with marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) is debatable. This study investigated the outcome and prognostic factors affecting the outcome of patients undergoing ASCT for MZL. Eligible patients had non-transformed nodal, extra-nodal (MALT) or splenic MZL (SMZL), aged ≥18 years, who underwent a first ASCT between1994 and 2013 and were reported to the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation, Fondazione Italiana Linfomi or Gruppo Italiano Trapianto Di Midollo Osseo registries. The study included 199 patients, [111 MALT lymphoma, 55 nodal MZL (NMZL) and 33 SMZL]. Median age at transplantation was 56 years. The median number of prior therapies was 2 (range 1-8), including rituximab in 71%. 95% had chemosensitive disease. 89% received a chemotherapy-based high-dose regimen. There were no significant differences in patient and transplant characteristics between the 3 histological subtypes except for a lower percentage of patients previously treated with rituximab in the MALT sub-group and more transplants performed in recent years in the other sub-groups. After a median follow-up of 5 years, 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse/progression and non-relapse mortality were 38% and 9%, respectively. Five-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) were 53% and 73%, respectively. Five-year cumulative incidence of second malignancies was 6%. Multivariate analysis revealed age ≥65 years was associated with a shorter EFS and OS. In addition, patients with SMZL had a shorter OS than those with MALT. ASCT may provide clinical benefit in MZL patients who have failed multiple lines of chemoimmunotherapy.

10.
Lancet Oncol ; 19(7): 889-903, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29859851

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Old age and FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD) mutations in patients with acute myeloid leukaemia are associated with early relapse and poor survival. Quizartinib is an oral, highly potent, and selective next-generation FLT3 inhibitor with clinical antileukaemic activity in relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukaemia. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of single-agent quizartinib in patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukaemia. METHODS: We did an open-label, multicentre, single-arm, phase 2 trial at 76 hospitals and cancer centres in the USA, Europe, and Canada. We enrolled patients with morphologically documented primary acute myeloid leukaemia or acute myeloid leukaemia secondary to myelodysplastic syndromes and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2 into two predefined, independent cohorts: patients who were aged 60 years or older with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukaemia within 1 year after first-line therapy (cohort 1), and those who were 18 years or older with relapsed or refractory disease following salvage chemotherapy or haemopoietic stem cell transplantation (cohort 2). Patients with an FLT3-ITD allelic frequency of more than 10% were considered as FLT3-ITD positive, whereas all other patients were considered as FLT3-ITD negative. Patients received quizartinib once daily as an oral solution; the initial 17 patients received 200 mg per day but the QTcF interval was prolonged for more than 60 ms above baseline in some of these patients. Subsequently, doses were amended for all patients to 135 mg per day for men and 90 mg per day for women. The co-primary endpoints were the proportion of patients who achieved a composite complete remission (defined as complete remission + complete remission with incomplete platelet recovery + complete remission with incomplete haematological recovery) and the proportion of patients who achieved a complete remission. Efficacy and safety analyses included all patients who received at least one dose of quizartinib (ie, the intention-to-treat population). Patients with a locally assessed post-treatment bone marrow aspirate or biopsy were included in efficacy analyses by response; all other patients were considered to have an unknown response. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00989261, and with the European Clinical Trials Database, EudraCT 2009-013093-41, and is completed. FINDINGS: Between Nov 19, 2009, and Oct 31, 2011, a total of 333 patients were enrolled (157 in cohort 1 and 176 in cohort 2). In cohort 1, 63 (56%) of 112 FLT3-ITD-positive patients and 16 (36%) of 44 FLT3-ITD-negative patients achieved composite complete remission, with three (3%) FLT3-ITD-positive patients and two (5%) FLT3-ITD-negative patients achieving complete remission. In cohort 2, 62 (46%) of 136 FLT3-ITD-positive patients achieved composite complete remission with five (4%) achieving complete remission, whereas 12 (30%) of 40 FLT3-ITD-negative patients achieved composite complete remission with one (3%) achieving complete remission. Across both cohorts (ie, the intention-to-treat population of 333 patients), grade 3 or worse treatment-related treatment-emergent adverse events in 5% or more of patients were febrile neutropenia (76 [23%] of 333), anaemia (75 [23%]), thrombocytopenia (39 [12%]), QT interval corrected using Fridericia's formula (QTcF) prolongation (33 [10%]), neutropenia (31 [9%]), leucopenia (22 [7%]), decreased platelet count (20 [6%]), and pneumonia (17 [5%]). Serious adverse events occurring in 5% or more of patients were febrile neutropenia (126 [38%] of 333; 76 treatment related), acute myeloid leukaemia progression (73 [22%]), pneumonia (40 [12%]; 14 treatment related), QTcF prolongation (33 [10%]; 32 treatment related), sepsis (25 [8%]; eight treatment related), and pyrexia (18 [5%]; nine treatment related). Notable serious adverse events occurring in less than 5% of patients were torsades de pointes (one [<1%]) and hepatic failure (two [1%]). In total, 125 (38%) of 333 patients died within the study treatment period, including the 30-day follow-up. 18 (5%) patients died because of an adverse event considered by the investigator to be treatment related (ten [6%] of 157 patients in cohort 1 and eight [5%] of 176 in cohort 2. INTERPRETATION: Single-agent quizartinib was shown to be highly active and generally well tolerated in patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukaemia, particularly those with FLT3-ITD mutations. These findings confirm that targeting the FLT3-ITD driver mutation with a highly potent and selective FLT3 inhibitor is a promising clinical strategy to help improve clinical outcomes in patients with very few options. Phase 3 studies (NCT02039726; NCT02668653) will examine quizartinib at lower starting doses. FUNDING: Ambit Biosciences/Daiichi Sankyo.

11.
J Clin Oncol ; 36(24): 2514-2523, 2018 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29863974

RESUMO

Purpose To evaluate randomly the role of hyperfractionated cyclophosphamide (hyper-C) dose intensification in adults with newly diagnosed Philadelphia chromosome-negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia treated with a pediatric-inspired protocol and to determine the upper age limit for treatment tolerability in this context. Patients and Methods A total of 787 evaluable patients (B/T lineage, 525 and 262, respectively; median age, 36.1 years) were randomly assigned to receive a standard dose of cyclophosphamide or hyper-C during first induction and late intensification. Compliance with chemotherapy was assessed by median doses actually received during each treatment phase by patients potentially exposed to the full planned doses. Results Overall complete remission (CR) rate was 91.9%. With a median follow-up of 5.2 years, the 5-year rate of event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) was 52.2% (95% CI, 48.5% to 55.7%) and 58.5% (95% CI, 54.8% to 61.9%), respectively. Randomization to the hyper-C arm did not increase the CR rate or prolong EFS or OS. As a result of worse treatment tolerance, advanced age continuously affected CR rate, EFS, and OS, with 55 years as the best age cutoff. At 5 years, EFS was 55.7% (95% CI, 51.8% to 59.4%) for patients younger than 55 years of age versus 25.8% (95% CI, 19.9% to 35.6%) in older patients (hazard ratio, 2.16; P < .001). Patients ≥ 55 years of age, in whom a lower compliance to the whole planned chemotherapy was observed, benefited significantly from hyper-C, whereas younger patients did not. Conclusion No significant benefit was associated with the introduction of a hyper-C sequence into a frontline pediatric-like adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia therapy. Overall, tolerability of an intensive pediatric-derived treatment was poor in patients ≥ 55 years of age.

13.
Ann Hematol ; 97(9): 1601-1609, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29717367

RESUMO

The benefit of early admission of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) recipients to the intensive care unit (ICU) as soon as they develop organ injury is unknown. We performed a retrospective study on 92 patients admitted to the ICU to determine the impact of time from organ injury to ICU admission on outcome. The number of organ injuries prior to ICU admission was associated with an increased in-hospital mortality (OR 1.7, 95% CI 1-2.7, p = 0.04). Time between first organ injury and ICU admission was also associated with an increased in-hospital survival (OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.1-1.8, p = 0.02). A score combining these two covariates-the number of organ injuries/day (sum of days spent with each individual organ injury)-further improved the prediction of hospital survival. Patients with more organ injuries/day had significantly higher in-hospital mortality rate even after adjustment for refractory acute GVHD and the SOFA (OR 1.3, 95% CI 1-1.7, p = 0.02). Early ICU admission of allogeneic SCT recipients to the ICU as soon as they develop organ injury is associated with decreased in-hospital mortality.


Assuntos
Cuidados Críticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo para o Tratamento , Adulto , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/mortalidade , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Transplante Homólogo/mortalidade
14.
Blood ; 132(2): 187-196, 2018 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29692343

RESUMO

Mutations in receptor tyrosine kinase/RAS signaling pathway genes are frequent in core-binding factor (CBF) acute myeloid leukemias (AMLs), but their prognostic relevance is debated. A subset of CBF AML patients harbors several signaling gene mutations. Genotyping of colonies and of relapse samples indicates that these arise in independent clones, thus defining a process of clonal interference (or parallel evolution). Clonal interference is pervasive in cancers, but the mechanisms underlying this process remain unclear, and its prognostic impact remains unknown. We analyzed a cohort of 445 adult and pediatric patients with CBF AML treated with intensive chemotherapy and with deep sequencing of 6 signaling genes (KIT, NRAS, KRAS, FLT3, JAK2, CBL). A total of 152 (34%), 167 (38%), and 126 (28%) patients harbored no, a single, and multiple signaling clones (clonal interference), respectively. Clonal interference of signaling mutations was associated with older age (P = .004) and inv(16) subtype (P = .025) but not with white blood cell count or mutations in chromatin or cohesin genes. The median allele frequency of signaling mutations was 31% in patients with a single clone or clonal interference (P = .14). The repertoire of KIT, FLT3, and NRAS/KRAS variants differed between groups. Clonal interference did not affect complete remission rate or minimal residual disease after 1-2 courses, but it did convey inferior event-free survival (P < 10-4), whereas the presence of a single signaling clone did not (P = .44). This inferior outcome was independent of clinical parameters and of the presence of specific signaling clones. Our results suggest that specific clonal architectures can herald distinct prognoses in AML.

15.
Oncotarget ; 9(5): 6478-6489, 2018 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29464086

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with t(8;21) and inv(16), together referred as core binding factor (CBF)-AML, are recognized as unique entities. Both rearrangements share a common pathophysiology, the disruption of the CBF, and a relatively good prognosis. Experiments have demonstrated that CBF rearrangements were insufficient to induce leukemia, implying the existence of cooperating events. To explore these aberrations, we performed single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-array in a well-annotated cohort of 198 patients with CBF-AML. Excluding breakpoint-associated lesions, the most frequent events included loss of a sex chromosome (53%), deletions at 9q21 (12%) and 7q36 (9%) in patients with t(8;21) compared with trisomy 22 (13%), trisomy 8 (10%) and 7q36 deletions (12%) in patients with inv(16). SNP-array revealed novel recurrent genetic alterations likely to be involved in CBF-AML leukemogenesis. ZBTB7A mutations (20% of t(8;21)-AML) were shown to be a target of copy-neutral losses of heterozygosity (CN-LOH) at chromosome 19p. FOXP1 focal deletions were identified in 5% of inv(16)-AML while sequence analysis revealed that 2% carried FOXP1 truncating mutations. Finally, CCDC26 disruption was found in both subtypes (4.5% of the whole cohort) and possibly highlighted a new lesion associated with aberrant tyrosine kinase signaling in this particular subtype of leukemia.

16.
Hematol Oncol ; 36(2): 422-428, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29218734

RESUMO

The assessment of minimal residual disease (MRD) in acute myeloblastic leukemia is of growing interest as a prognostic marker of patients' outcome. Multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC), tracking leukemia-associated immunophenotypic patterns, has been shown in several studies to be a useful tool to investigate MRD. Here, we report a multicenter prospective study which allowed to define a harmonized analysis strategy, as well as the efficacy of MFC MRD to predict outcome. This study included 276 patients, in 10 different MFC centers, of whom 268 had at least 1 MRD check point. The combination of a CD45, CD34, and CD33 backbone, with the addition of CD117, CD13, CD7, and CD15 in 2 five-color tubes allowed to define each patient's multiparameter immunophenotypic characteristics at diagnosis, according to a Boolean combination of gates. The same individual diagnosis gating strategy was then applied at each MRD time point for each patient. MRD levels were stratified according to log by log thresholds, from 5 × 10-2 (the classical morphological threshold to define remission) down to <5 × 10-5 . MRD was found to be constantly negative (<5 × 10-5 ) for 148 patients. Survival analyses significantly associated MRD negativity with a good prognosis and any positive value with poorer outcome. All P values were <0.0001 both for disease-free and overall survival at the earliest time point (post-induction, MRD1) as well as when considering all time points together. Finally, MRD levels were independent of cytogenetics and allowed in fact to further stratify all cytogenetics risk groups. In summary, this multicenter study demonstrates that a simple combination of immunophenotypic markers successfully allows for the detection of MRD in acute myeloblastic leukemia patients, with a strong correlation to outcome.


Assuntos
Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Neoplasia Residual/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
17.
Oncoimmunology ; 6(12): e1307491, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29209559

RESUMO

NKp46 is a major determinant of natural killer (NK) cell function and it is implicated in tumor immune surveillance in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic significance of NKp46 expression in an independent cohort of patients with AML, and to investigate the impact of NKp46 on clinical outcome after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). NKp46 expression was assessed at diagnosis on NK cells by flow cytometry (N = 180 patients). Clinical outcome was evaluated with regard to NKp46 expression. Patients with NKp46high phenotype at diagnosis had better progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) than patients with NKp46low phenotype (74.3% vs. 46.6%, p = 0.014; 82.6% vs. 57.1%, p = 0.010, respectively). In multivariate analysis, high NKp46 was an independent factor for improved OS (HR = 0.409, p = 0.010) and PFS (HR = 0.335, p = 0.011). Subgroup analysis revealed that allo-SCT had a favorable impact on PFS in patients with NKp46high phenotype (p = 0.025). By contrast, allo-SCT did not impact PFS in patients with low NKp46 expression (p = 0.303). In conclusion, we validate the prognostic value of NKp46 expression at diagnosis in AML. However, the prognostic value of NKp46 expression is limited to patients treated with allo-SCT, thus suggesting that NKp46 status may be predictive for allo-SCT responsiveness.

18.
Br J Haematol ; 179(5): 790-801, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29048109

RESUMO

A disease risk index (DRI) has been defined for stratifying heterogeneous cohorts of patients undergoing allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). This index defines 4 distinct groups with different outcomes, dividing patients by disease type and status and considering cytogenetics for acute myeloid leukaemia and myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Recently, the DRI has been refined to include rare diseases and improve MDS stratification by blast percentage and response to prior therapy. Previous reports on DRI include only a small number of UCBT recipients. The current study aims to determine the applicability of the DRI for patients undergoing unrelated cord blood transplantation (UCBT). We retrospectively analysed 2530 adults receiving UCBT between 2004 and 2014. Diagnosis was acute leukaemia (AL) in 66% of the cases. Overall survival (OS) at 2 years was 56 ± 3% for patients with low DRI (n = 352), 46 ± 1% for intermediate DRI (n = 1403), 28 ± 2% for high (n = 489) and 20 ± 4% for very high DRI (n = 109) (P < 0·001). In the multivariate model, DRI remained an independent risk factor for OS. Similar findings were observed for PFS and DRI. Our results show the applicability of DRI for stratifying UCBT recipients and confirm the prognostic value of this simple and robust tool in this setting.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical/métodos , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/epidemiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/epidemiologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/epidemiologia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/terapia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Blood ; 130(16): 1832-1844, 2017 10 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28790105

RESUMO

Multiple cytogenetic subgroups have been described in adult Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-negative B-cell precursor (BCP) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), often comprising small numbers of patients. In this study, we aimed to reassess the prognostic value of cytogenetic abnormalities in a large series of 617 adult patients with Ph-negative BCP-ALL (median age, 38 years), treated in the intensified Group for Research on Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (GRAALL)-2003/2005 trials. Combined data from karyotype, DNA index, fluorescence in situ hybridization, and polymerase chain reaction screening for relevant abnormalities were centrally reviewed and were informative in 542 cases (88%), allowing classification in 10 exclusive primary cytogenetic subgroups and in secondary subgroups, including complex and monosomal karyotypes. Prognostic analyses focused on cumulative incidence of failure (including primary refractoriness and relapse), event-free survival, and overall survival. Only 2 subgroups, namely t(4;11)/KMT2A-AFF1 and 14q32/IGH translocations, displayed a significantly worse outcome in this context, still observed after adjustment for age and after censoring patients who received allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) in first remission at SCT time. A worse outcome was also observed in patients with low hypodiploidy/near triploidy, but this was likely related to their higher age and worse tolerance to therapy. The other cytogenetic abnormalities, including complex and monosomal karyotypes, had no prognostic value in these intensive protocols designed for adult patients up to the age of 60 years.


Assuntos
Aberrações Cromossômicas , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Aberrações Cromossômicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Análise Citogenética , Feminino , Humanos , Cariotipagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/epidemiologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/terapia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
20.
Front Immunol ; 8: 573, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28611767

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence highlights natural killer (NK) cell parameters as potential prognostic factors in cancer patients, which provides a strong rationale for developing therapeutic strategies aiming at restoring NK cell. However, reaching this point warrants better characterization of tumor-induced NK cell alterations. Our group recently reported heterogeneous NK maturation in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. However, the clinical significance of such observations remained to be assessed on a larger cohort of patients. NK maturation based on expression of CD56, CD57, and KIR was assessed by flow cytometry in newly diagnosed AML patients (N = 87 patients from GOELAMS-LAM-IR-2006 multicenter trial). Clinical outcome was evaluated with regard to NK maturation profiles. Unsupervised integrated analysis of NK maturation markers confirmed the existence of three distinct groups of patients [hypomaturation (24.1%), intermediate maturation (66.7%), and hypermaturation (9.2%)]. In univariate analysis, significant differences in overall survival (OS) (P = 0.0006) and relapse-free survival (RFS) (P < 0.0001) were observed among these different groups. Patients with hypomaturation profile had reduced OS, with 3-year OS rates of 12.5 vs 57.1 and 57.4% for patients with intermediate and hypermaturation, respectively. Consistently, patients with hypomaturation profile had reduced RFS, with 3-year RFS rates of 0 vs 52.6 and 73.3% for patients with intermediate and hypermaturation, respectively. In multivariate Cox regression models, NK hypomaturation remained significantly associated with reduced OS and RFS, independent of other factors [hazard ratio (HR) = 4.15, P = 0.004 and HR = 8.23, P = 0.003, respectively]. NK maturation defects were further explored by mass cytometry and revealed that NK hypomaturation profile is associated with a reduced frequency of memory-like NK cells. In conclusion, besides classical alterations of NK triggering and inhibitory receptors expression in AML, we confirm that the homeostasis of NK maturation can be modified in the context of AML, notably with a deep maturation blockade in almost 10% patients.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA