Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 347
Filtrar
1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674543

RESUMO

Chronic pain is reportedly associated with the transient receptor potential canonical 3 (TRPC3) gene. The present study examined the genetic associations between the single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the TRPC3 gene and chronic pain. The genomic samples from 194 patients underwent linkage disequilibrium (LD) analyses of 29 SNPs within and around the vicinity of the TRPC3 gene. We examined the associations between the SNPs and the susceptibility to chronic pain by comparing the genotype distribution of 194 patients with 282 control subjects. All SNP genotype data were extracted from our previous whole-genome genotyping results. Twenty-nine SNPs were extracted, and a total of four LD blocks with 15 tag SNPs were observed within and around the TRPC3 gene. We further analyzed the associations between these tag SNPs and chronic pain. The rs11726196 SNP genotype distribution of patients was significantly different from the control subjects even after multiple-testing correction with the number of SNPs. The TT + TG genotype of rs11726196 is often carried by chronic pain patients, suggesting a causal role for the T allele. These results contribute to our understanding of the genetic risk factors for chronic pain.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Canais de Cátion TRPC , Humanos , Dor Crônica/genética , Ligação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Canais de Cátion TRPC/genética
2.
Neurochem Int ; 164: 105491, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36709046

RESUMO

Drug abuse is one of the great social problems in the world and a major healthcare challenge. It is supposed that sensitivity and reactivity to abuse drugs may vary from person to person, while its molecular basis is largely unknown. Dopaminergic neurons are deeply involved in addiction, and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) catalyzes the first and rate-limiting step of the biosynthesis of dopamine (DA). We investigated the effects of increased TH expression on the metabolism of DA and reactivity to methamphetamine (METH), a drug of abuse, in mice. Wild-type TH (WT-TH) or the S40E mutant of TH (S40E-TH), which is an active form of TH mimicking phosphorylated TH at the 40th serine, was expressed in midbrain dopaminergic neurons using an adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector. The biochemical analysis showed that the turnover rates of DA in the nerve terminals were increased by the expression of WT-TH and S40E-TH, while there were few changes in the DA contents. Next, we administered METH to TH-overexpressing mice. We found that the S40E-TH-expressing mice responded to lower doses of METH than the control mice and WT-TH mice. The stereotyped behaviors appeared first in S40E-TH mice and then in WT-TH and control mice in this order. These data showed that the TH activity and expression level differentially affect DA metabolism in the nerve terminals from that in the cell bodies and that the TH activity and expression level are one of the determining factors for sensitivity and reactivity to METH. We suggest that TH may be a drug target for ameliorating sensitivity to drugs of abuse.

3.
J Appl Crystallogr ; 55(Pt 6): 1631-1639, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36570668

RESUMO

In situ gas-loading sample holders for two-dimensionally arranged detectors in time-of-flight neutron total scattering experiments have been developed to investigate atomic arrangements during deuterium absorption using time and real-space resolution. A single-crystal sapphire container was developed that allows conditions of 473 K and 10 MPa hydrogen gas pressure. High-resolution transient measurements detected deuterium absorption by palladium that proceeded within a few seconds. A double-layered container with thick- and thin-walled vanadium allowed conditions of 423 K and 10 MPa hydrogen gas pressure. The deuterium occupation sites of a lanthanum-nickel-aluminium alloy are discussed in detail on the basis of real-space high-resolution data obtained from in situ neutron scattering measurements and reverse Monte Carlo structural modeling.

4.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(51): e2214957119, 2022 12 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36508673

RESUMO

Secretory proteins and lipids are biosynthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The "protein quality control" system (PQC) monitors glycoprotein folding and supports the elimination of terminally misfolded polypeptides. A key component of the PQC system is Uridine diphosphate glucose:glycoprotein glucosyltransferase 1 (UGGT1). UGGT1 re-glucosylates unfolded glycoproteins, to enable the re-entry in the protein-folding cycle and impede the aggregation of misfolded glycoproteins. In contrast, a complementary "lipid quality control" (LQC) system that maintains lipid homeostasis remains elusive. Here, we demonstrate that cytotoxic phosphatidic acid derivatives with saturated fatty acyl chains are one of the physiological substrates of UGGT2, an isoform of UGGT1. UGGT2 produces lipid raft-resident phosphatidylglucoside regulating autophagy. Under the disruption of lipid metabolism and hypoxic conditions, UGGT2 inhibits PERK-ATF4-CHOP-mediated apoptosis in mouse embryonic fibroblasts. Moreover, the susceptibility of UGGT2 KO mice to high-fat diet-induced obesity is elevated. We propose that UGGT2 is an ER-localized LQC component that mitigates saturated lipid-associated ER stress via lipid glucosylation.


Assuntos
Fibroblastos , Glucosiltransferases , Animais , Camundongos , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Glucosiltransferases/metabolismo , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Lipídeos
5.
J Biol Chem ; 299(2): 102837, 2022 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36581206

RESUMO

A high-salt diet significantly impacts various diseases, ilncluding cancer and immune diseases. Recent studies suggest that the high-salt/hyperosmotic environment in the body may alter the chronic properties of cancer and immune cells in the disease context. However, little is known about the acute metabolic changes in hyperosmotic stress. Here, we found that hyperosmotic stress for a few minutes induces Warburg-like metabolic remodeling in HeLa and Raw264.7 cells and suppresses fatty acid oxidation. Regarding Warburg-like remodeling, we determined that the pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphorylation status was altered bidirectionally (high in hyperosmolarity and low in hypoosmolarity) to osmotic stress in isolated mitochondria, suggesting that mitochondria themselves have an acute osmosensing mechanism. Additionally, we demonstrate that Warburg-like remodeling is required for HeLa cells to maintain ATP levels and survive under hyperosmotic conditions. Collectively, our findings suggest that cells exhibit acute metabolic remodeling under osmotic stress via the regulation of pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphorylation by direct osmosensing within mitochondria.

6.
Vet Med Sci ; 2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36409227

RESUMO

A 22.5-kg, 8.4-year-old female mixed breed dog was presented for an emergency ovariohysterectomy for pyometra. No neurological abnormalities were observed on preoperative physical examination. Surgery was completed uneventfully under fentanyl- and sevoflurane-based anaesthesia. Cardiorespiratory indices remained stable under mechanical ventilation throughout the procedure. Approximately 23 min after the discontinuation of fentanyl infusion, the investigator noticed jaw closure and stiffness and thoraco-abdominal muscle rigidity. To rule out fentanyl-induced muscle rigidity, naloxone was administered. Following administration of naloxone, there was a return of spontaneous respiratory effort, indicated by capnogram and visible chest wall excursion. Based on the clinical signs and response to naloxone administration, the dog was diagnosed with suspected fentanyl-induced muscle rigidity. Six minutes after the return of spontaneous respiration, the dog was extubated uneventfully without additional naloxone administration. During 4 days of postoperative hospitalization, no recurrent muscle rigidity was observed, and the patient was discharged safely. The total dose of fentanyl administered was 0.61 mg (27 µg kg-1 ).

7.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2203541, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36382556

RESUMO

K2 NiF4 -type Ba-Li oxyhydride (BLHO) transitions to a so-called hydride superionic conductor, exhibiting a high and essentially temperature-independent hydride ion (H- ) conductivity over 0.01 S cm-1 through the disordering of H- vacancies above 300 °C. In this study, a Ba-Li-Na-H-O oxyhydride system synthesized in which lithium is partially substituted with sodium in BLHO and investigated the effects of Na content on the phase transition behavior and the conductivity. Structural refinements and differential scanning calorimetry experiments confirmed a lowering trend in the phase transition temperatures and decreasing enthalpy changes for the transition with increasing Na content. Substitution of not <40% of Li with Na lowered the degree of ordered vacancies at the H- sites at room temperature and improved conductivities by more than two orders of magnitude in the low-temperature region (T < 300 °C) before the phase transition. These findings clearly show that introducing Na into the lattice effectively stabilizes the high-conductive phase of BLHO.

8.
Nano Lett ; 2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36410727

RESUMO

The insight into the three-dimensional configuration of ferroelectric ordering in ferroelectric nanomaterials is motivated by the application of the development of functional nanodevices and the structural designing. However, the atomic deciphering of the spatial distribution of ordered structure remains challenging for the limitation of dimension and probing techniques. In this paper, a neutron pair distribution function (nPDF) was utilized to analyze the spontaneous polarization distribution of zero-dimensional PbTiO3 nanoparticles in three dimensions, via the application of reverse Monte Carlo (RMC) modeling. The comprehensive identification with transmission electron microscopy verified the linear characteristics of polarization along the c-axis in the main body, while electric polarization distribution on the surface was enhanced abnormally. In addition, the correlation of dipole vectors extending to three unit cells below the surface is retained. This work shows an application of the micro/macroscale information to effectively decode the polarization structure of nanoferroelectrics, providing new views of designing nanoferroelectric devices.

9.
Biol Psychiatry Glob Open Sci ; 2(2): 95-105, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36325164

RESUMO

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects an individual's reciprocal social interaction and communication ability. Numerous genetic and environmental conditions are associated with ASD, including tuberous sclerosis complex, phosphatase and tensin homolog hamartoma tumor syndrome, fragile X syndrome, and neurofibromatosis 1. The pathogenic molecular mechanisms of these diseases are integrated into the hyperactivation of mTORC1 (mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1). Rodent models of these diseases have shown high mTORC1 activity in the brain and ASD-related behavioral deficits, which were reversed by the mTORC1 inhibitor rapamycin. Environmental stress can also affect this signaling pathway. In utero exposure to valproate caused ASD in offspring and enhanced mTORC1 activity in the brain, which was sensitive to mTORC1 inhibition. mTORC1 is a signaling hub for diverse cellular functions, including protein synthesis, through the phosphorylation of its targets, such as ribosomal protein S6 kinases. Metabotropic glutamate receptor 5-mediated synaptic function is also affected by the dysregulation of mTORC1 activity, such as in fragile X syndrome and tuberous sclerosis complex. Reversing these downstream changes that are associated with mTORC1 activation normalizes behavioral defects in rodents. Despite abundant preclinical evidence, few clinical studies have investigated the treatment of ASD and cognitive deficits. Therapeutics other than mTORC1 inhibitors failed to show efficacy in fragile X syndrome and neurofibromatosis 1. mTORC1 inhibitors have been tested mainly in tuberous sclerosis complex, and their effects on ASD and neuropsychological deficits are promising. mTORC1 is a promising target for the pharmacological treatment of ASD associated with mTORC1 activation.

10.
Mol Brain ; 15(1): 96, 2022 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36447257

RESUMO

Dopamine-deficient (DD) mice exhibit psychomotor hyperactivity that might be related to a decrease in muscarinic signaling. In the present study, muscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2 (CHRM2) density decreased in the cortex in DD mice. This is significant because cortical CHRM2 acts as an autoreceptor; therefore, changes in CHRM2 levels could alter acetylcholine in DD mice. We also found that the CHRM1/CHRM4 agonist xanomeline and CHRM2 agonist arecaidine propargyl ester tosylate inhibited hyperactivity in DD mice, suggesting that postsynaptic CHRM1 and CHRM2 and presynaptic CHRM2 may be involved in hyperactivity in DD mice.


Assuntos
Dopamina , Agitação Psicomotora , Camundongos , Animais , Acetilcolina/farmacologia , Ésteres , Transdução de Sinais
11.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(19)2022 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36230616

RESUMO

Considerable individual differences have been widely observed in the sensitivity to opioids. We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in patients with cancer pain to identify potential candidate single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that contribute to individual differences in opioid analgesic requirements in pain treatment by utilizing whole-genome genotyping arrays with more than 650,000 markers. The subjects in the GWAS were 428 patients who provided written informed consent and underwent treatment for pain with opioid analgesics in a palliative care unit at Higashi-Sapporo Hospital. The GWAS showed two intronic SNPs, rs1283671 and rs1283720, in the ANGPT1 gene that encodes a secreted glycoprotein that belongs to the angiopoietin family. These two SNPs were strongly associated with average daily opioid requirements for the treatment of pain in both the additive and recessive models (p < 5.0000 × 10-8). Several other SNPs were also significantly associated with the phenotype. In the gene-based analysis, the association was significant for the SLC2A14 gene in the additive model. These results indicate that these SNPs could serve as markers that predict the efficacy of opioid analgesics in cancer pain treatment. Our findings may provide valuable information for achieving satisfactory pain control and open new avenues for personalized pain treatment.

12.
Biomedicines ; 10(10)2022 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36289814

RESUMO

Substance use disorders (SUDs) are chronic, lifelong disorders that have serious consequences. Repeated substance use alters brain function. G-protein-activated inwardly rectifying potassium (GIRK) channels are expressed widely in the brain, including the reward system, and regulate neuronal excitability. Functional GIRK channels are identified as heterotetramers of GIRK subunits (GIRK1-4). The GIRK1, GIRK2, and GIRK3 subunits are mainly expressed in rodent brain regions, and various addictive substances act on the brain through GIRK channels. Studies with animals (knockout and missense mutation animals) and humans have demonstrated the involvement of GIRK channels in the effects of addictive substances. Additionally, GIRK channel blockers affect behavioral responses to addictive substances. Thus, GIRK channels play a key role in SUDs, and GIRK channel modulators may be candidate medications. Ifenprodil is a GIRK channel blocker that does not have serious side effects. Two clinical trials were conducted to investigate the effects of ifenprodil in patients with alcohol or methamphetamine use disorder. Although the number of participants was relatively low, evidence of its safety and efficacy was found. The present review discusses the potential of GIRK channel modulators as possible medications for addiction. Therapeutic agents that target GIRK channels may be promising for the treatment of SUDs.

13.
J Reprod Immunol ; 154: 103752, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36202022

RESUMO

Preeclampsia (PE) is a hypertensive obstetric disorder with poor prognosis for both the mother and offspring. Infants born to mothers with PE are known to be at increased risk of developing higher brain dysfunction, such as autism. However, how maternal PE can affect the environment in the fetal brain has not been fully elucidated. Here, we examined the impact of PE on the fetal brain in a mouse model of PE induced by angiotensin II (Ang II), focusing on changes in the inflammatory condition. We confirmed that pregnant mice which were continuously administered Ang II exhibited PE phenotypes, including high blood pressure, proteinuria, and fetal growth restriction. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis demonstrated that the brain of fetuses on embryonic day 17.5 (E17.5) in the Ang II-administered pregnant mice showed increased expression of cytokines, interleukin (IL)- 6, IL-17a, tumor necrosis factor-α, interferon-γ, IL-12, IL-4, and IL-10. Immunohistochemical analysis over a wide area, from the tip of the frontal lobe to the posterior cerebral end, on E17.5 revealed that the microglia in the fetal brain of the Ang II-administered group displayed higher solidity and circularity than those of the control group, indicating that the microglia had transformed to an amoeboid morphology and were activated. Our findings suggest that maternal PE may cause altered inflammatory conditions in the fetal brain, which might be associated with the pathological mechanism connecting maternal PE and brain dysfunction in the offspring.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Pré-Eclâmpsia , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Animais , Camundongos , Angiotensina II/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Microglia , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Encéfalo
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(37): e30580, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36123890

RESUMO

Genetic factors play a role in individual differences in pain experience. Here, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) to identify novel loci regulating pain processing. We conducted a 2-stage GWAS and the candidate single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) association study on pain experience using an exploratory cohort of patients with cancer pain. The confirmatory cohort comprised of participants from the general population with and without habitual use of analgesic medication. In the exploratory cohort, we evaluated pain intensity using a numerical rating scale, recorded daily opioid dosages, and calculated pain reduction rate. In the confirmatory cohort, pain experience was defined as habitual nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug usage. Using linear regression models, we identified candidate SNP in the exploratory samples, and tested the association between phenotype and experienced pain in the confirmatory samples. We found 1 novel SNP (rs11764598)-located on the gene encoding for pleiotrophin on chromosome 7-that passed the genome-wide suggestive significance at 20% false discovery rate (FDR) correction in the exploratory samples of patients with cancer pain (P = 1.31 × 10-7, FDR = 0.101). We confirmed its significant association with daily analgesic usage in the confirmatory cohort (P = .028), although the minor allele affected pain experience in an opposite manner. We identified a novel genetic variant associated with pain experience. Further studies are required to validate the role of pleiotrophin in pain processing.


Assuntos
Dor do Câncer , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Adulto , Humanos , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Dor do Câncer/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas de Transporte , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Citocinas , Japão , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
15.
Small Methods ; 6(11): e2200740, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36180397

RESUMO

Due to their accessible lattice oxygen redox (l-OR) at high voltages, Li-rich layered transition metal (TM) oxides have shown promising potential as candidate cathodes for high-energy-density Li-ion batteries. However, this l-OR process is also associated with unusual electrochemical issues such as voltage hysteresis and long-term voltage decay. The structure response mechanism to the l-OR behavior also remains unclear, hindering rational structure optimizations that would enable practical Li-rich cathodes. Here, this study reveals a strong coupling between l-OR and structure dynamic evolutions, as well as their effects on the electrochemical properties. Using the technique of neutron total scattering with pair distribution function analysis and small-angle neutron scattering, this study quantifies the local TM migration and formation of nanopores that accompany the l-OR. These experiments demonstrate the causal relationships among l-OR, the local/nanostructure evolutions, and the unusual electrochemistry. The TM migration triggered by the l-OR can change local oxygen coordination environments, which results in voltage hysteresis. Coupled with formed oxygen vacancies, it will accelerate the formation of nanopores, inducing a phase transition, and leading to irreversible capacity and long-cycling voltage fade.

16.
Psychol Med ; : 1-10, 2022 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35971752

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Individuals with schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar disorder (BD) display cognitive impairments, but the impairments in those with SCZ are more prominent, supported by genetic overlap between SCZ and cognitive impairments. However, it remains unclear whether cognitive performances differ between individuals at high and low genetic risks for SCZ or BD. METHODS: Using the latest Psychiatric Genomics Consortium (PGC) data, we calculated PGC3 SCZ-, PGC3 BD-, and SCZ v. BD polygenic risk scores (PRSs) in 173 SCZ patients, 70 unaffected first-degree relatives (FRs) and 196 healthy controls (HCs). Based on combinations of three PRS deciles, individuals in the genetic SCZ, genetic BD and low genetic risk groups were extracted. Cognitive performance was assessed by the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia. RESULTS: SCZ-, BD-, SCZ v. BD-PRSs were associated with case-control status (R2 = 0.020-0.061), and SCZ-PRS was associated with relative-control status (R2 = 0.023). Furthermore, individuals in the highest decile for SCZ PRSs had elevated BD-PRSs [odds ratio (OR) = 6.33] and SCZ v. BD-PRSs (OR = 1.86) compared with those in the lowest decile. Of the three genetic risk groups, the low genetic risk group contained more HCs, whereas the genetic BD and SCZ groups contained more SCZ patients (p < 0.05). SCZ patients had widespread cognitive impairments, and FRs had cognitive impairments that were between those of SCZ patients and HCs (p < 0.05). Cognitive differences between HCs in the low genetic risk group and SCZ patients in the genetic BD or genetic SCZ groups were more prominent (Cohen's d > -0.20) than those between HCs and SCZ patients in the no genetic risk group. Furthermore, SCZ patients in the genetic SCZ group displayed lower scores in verbal fluency and attention than those in the genetic BD group (d > -0.20). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that cognitive impairments in SCZ are partially mediated through genetic loadings for SCZ but not BD.

17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(13)2022 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35806448

RESUMO

Some diseases that are associated with dopamine deficiency are accompanied by psychiatric symptoms, including Parkinson's disease. However, the mechanism by which this occurs has not been clarified. Previous studies found that dopamine-deficient (DD) mice exhibited hyperactivity in a novel environment. This hyperactivity is improved by clozapine and donepezil, which are used to treat psychiatric symptoms associated with dopamine deficiency (PSDD). We considered that DD mice could be used to study PSDD. In the present study, we sought to identify the pharmacological mechanism of PSDD. We conducted locomotor activity tests by administering quetiapine and drugs that have specific actions on serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) receptors and muscarinic receptors. Changes in neuronal activity that were induced by drug administration in DD mice were evaluated by examining Fos immunoreactivity. Quetiapine suppressed hyperactivity in DD mice while the 5-HT1A receptor antagonist WAY100635 inhibited this effect. The number of Fos-positive neurons in the median raphe nucleus increased in DD mice that exhibited hyperactivity and was decreased by treatment with quetiapine and 5-HT1A receptor agonists. In conclusion, hyperactivity in DD mice was ameliorated by quetiapine, likely through 5-HT1A receptor activation. These findings suggest that 5-HT1A receptors may play a role in PSDD, and 5-HT1A receptor-targeting drugs may help improve PSDD.


Assuntos
Antipsicóticos , Dopamina , Fumarato de Quetiapina , Receptor 5-HT1A de Serotonina , Agonistas do Receptor 5-HT1 de Serotonina , Animais , Antipsicóticos/farmacologia , Dopamina/deficiência , Dopamina/metabolismo , Camundongos , Fumarato de Quetiapina/farmacologia , Receptor 5-HT1A de Serotonina/metabolismo , Serotonina/metabolismo , Agonistas do Receptor 5-HT1 de Serotonina/farmacologia , Antagonistas da Serotonina/farmacologia
18.
Neuropsychopharmacol Rep ; 42(3): 343-346, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35587235

RESUMO

AIM: Previous studies reported that advanced paternal age (APA) may increase the risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in offspring. However, effects of APA on behaviors have not been investigated in offspring of the same paternal mice. The present study sought to identify behavioral differences in mouse offspring of the same fathers at different paternal ages. METHODS: We assessed locomotor activity, anxiety-like behavior, and social behavior in male mouse offspring that were born from the same fathers at three different paternal ages (3, 12, and 15 months old). RESULTS: No differences in locomotor activity or anxiety-like behavior were observed among any of the offspring groups. In the three-chamber test, although the control group (3-month-old paternal age) exhibited significantly higher approach behavior toward the novel mouse compared with the novel object, the APA groups (12- and 15-month-old paternal ages) did not exhibit significant approach toward the novel mouse. CONCLUSION: Offspring of 3-month-old fathers but not 12- or 15-month-old APA fathers exhibited social preference behavior. Although the present study was only exploratory, it demonstrated an interaction between social behavior and paternal age in offspring of the same paternal mice.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Idade Paterna , Animais , Ansiedade , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/etiologia , Pai , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Comportamento Social
19.
Front Genet ; 13: 815089, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35360861

RESUMO

Short tandem repeats (STRs) and variable number of tandem repeats (VNTRs) that have been identified at approximately 0.7 and 0.5 million loci in the human genome, respectively, are highly multi-allelic variations rather than single-nucleotide polymorphisms. The number of repeats of more than a few thousand STRs was associated with the expression of nearby genes, indicating that STRs are influential genetic variations in human traits. Analgesics act on the central nervous system via their intrinsic receptors to produce analgesic effects. In the present study, we focused on STRs and VNTRs in the CNR1, GRIN2A, PENK, and PDYN genes and analyzed two peripheral pain sensation-related traits and seven analgesia-related traits in postoperative pain management. A total of 192 volunteers who underwent the peripheral pain sensation tests and 139 and 252 patients who underwent open abdominal and orthognathic cosmetic surgeries, respectively, were included in the study. None of the four STRs or VNTRs were associated with peripheral pain sensation. Short tandem repeats in the CNR1, GRIN2A, and PENK genes were associated with the frequency of fentanyl use, fentanyl dose, and visual analog scale pain scores 3 h after orthognathic cosmetic surgery (Spearman's rank correlation coefficient ρ = 0.199, p = 0.002, ρ = 0.174, p = 0.006, and ρ = 0.135, p = 0.033, respectively), analgesic dose, including epidural analgesics after open abdominal surgery (ρ = -0.200, p = 0.018), and visual analog scale pain scores 24 h after orthognathic cosmetic surgery (ρ = 0.143, p = 0.023), respectively. The associations between STRs in the CNR1 gene and the frequency of fentanyl use and fentanyl dose after orthognathic cosmetic surgery were confirmed by Holm's multiple-testing correction. These findings indicate that STRs in the CNR1 gene influence analgesia in the orofacial region.

20.
Pharmaceutics ; 14(4)2022 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35456561

RESUMO

Considerable individual differences are widely observed in the sensitivity to opioid analgesics. We focused on rs12496846, rs698705, and rs10052295 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the C3orf20, SLC8A2, and CTNND2 gene regions that we previously identified as possibly associated with postoperative analgesia after orthognathic surgery. We investigated associations between these SNPs and postoperative analgesia in 112 patients who underwent major open abdominal surgery in hospitals and were treated with analgesics, including opioids, after surgery. Total genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood or oral mucosa samples for genotyping each SNP. Effects of these potent SNPs on gene expression in the brain were also investigated in samples that were provided by the Stanley Foundation Brain Bank. In the association studies, carriers of the G allele of the rs12496846 SNP in the C3orf20 gene region were significantly associated with greater 24 h postoperative analgesic requirements among the three SNPs that were investigated (p = 0.0015), which corroborated a previous study of orthognathic patients (p < 0.0001). In the gene expression analysis, carriers of the G allele of the rs12496846 SNP were significantly associated with lower mRNA expression of the C3orf20 gene (p < 0.0001). These results indicate that this SNP could serve as a marker that predicts analgesic requirements.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...