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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18632, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895823

RESUMO

Health related quality of life (HRQOL) in chronic liver disease (CLD) patients has been attracting much attention these days because it is closely associated with clinical outcomes in CLD patients. HRQOL has become established as an important concept and target for research and practice in the fields of medicine. A critique of HRQOL research is the lack of conceptual clarity and a common definition of HRQOL. Using a clear definition of HRQOL may increase the conceptual understanding. In this study, we aimed to elucidate the association between serum zinc (Zn) level and HRQOL as assessed by the Beck Depression Inventory-2nd edition (BDI-II), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Japanese version (PSQI-J) and the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) in CLD patients (n = 322, median age = 65 years, 121 liver cirrhosis (LC) patients (37.6%)). The median serum Zn level for all cases was 73.2 µg/dl. The median BDI-II score and PSQI-J score were 6 and 5, respectively. Patients with higher BDI-II score tended to have lower serum Zn level compared with those with lower BDI-II score. Similar tendencies were observed in patients with higher PSQI-J score. In the SF-36, physical functioning, role physical and physical component summary score significantly correlated with serum Zn level regardless of age, liver disease etiology and the LC status. While mental health and mental component summary score did not significantly correlate with serum Zn level regardless of age, liver disease etiology and the LC status. In conclusion, serum Zn level can be a useful marker for decreased HRQOL in patients with CLDs, especially for physical components.


Assuntos
Hepatopatias/sangue , Qualidade de Vida , Zinco/sangue , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Hepatopatias/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18366, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852142

RESUMO

We aimed to compare the impact on survival among albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) grade, modified ALBI (mALBI) and our proposed combined ALBI grade and Mac-2 binding protein glycosylation isomer (M2BPGi) or FIB4 index grading system in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) related compensated liver cirrhosis (n = 165, 93 men and 72 women, median age = 67 years). Patients with ALBI grade 1, 2, and 3 were allocated a score of 1, 2, and 3 points, respectively. Patients with mALBI grade 1, 2A, and 2B were allocated a score of 1, 2, and 3 points, respectively. Patients with a high or low M2BPGi were allocated a score of 1 and 0 point. Patients with a high or low FIB4 index were allocated a score of 1 and 0 point. Sum of the point of ALBI (1, 2, or 3) and M2BPGi (0 or 1) or FIB4 index (0 or 1) was defined as ALBI-M2BPGi grade or ALBI-FIB4 grade. Prognostic accuracy was compared using the Akaike information criterion (AIC) value and time dependent receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis. The median follow-up duration was 5.422 years. AIC value for survival by ALBI-M2BPGi grade was the lowest among 4 prognostic models (AIC: 205.731 in ALBI grade, 200.913 in mALBI grade, 189.816 in ALBI-M2BPGi grade, and 204.671 in ALBI-FIB4 grade). All area under the ROC curves of ALBI-M2BPGi grade in each time point were higher than those of ALBI grade, mALBI grade, and ALBI-FIB4 grade. In conclusion, our proposed ALBI-M2BPGi grading system seems to be helpful for estimating prognosis in patients with CHC related compensated LC.


Assuntos
Bilirrubina/genética , Cirrose Hepática/genética , Albumina Sérica Humana/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos de Neoplasias/sangue , Antígenos de Neoplasias/genética , Bilirrubina/sangue , Bilirrubina/metabolismo , Feminino , Marcadores Genéticos , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/mortalidade , Masculino , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/sangue , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Albumina Sérica Humana/metabolismo
3.
J Clin Med ; 8(12)2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31766742

RESUMO

Currently, the Japanese society of clinical nutrition (JSCN) defines serum zinc (Zn) level < 60 µg/dL as Zn deficiency and 60 µg/dL ≤ serum Zn level < 80 µg/dL as subclinical Zn deficiency, and 80 µg/dL ≤ serum Zn level < 130 µg/dL as normal Zn range. We aimed to elucidate the prognostic impact of this Zn classification system in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) compared to the Child-Pugh classification and the albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) grading system (n = 441, median age = 66 years). The Akaike information criterion (AIC) with each evaluation method was tested in order to compare the overall survival (OS). The median serum Zn level was 65 µg/dL. There were 56 patients with normal Zn level, 227 with subclinical Zn deficiency and 158 with Zn deficiency. OS was well stratified among three groups of serum Zn level (p < 0.0001). The AIC value for survival by the Zn classification system was the lowest among three prognostic models (AIC: 518.99 in the Child-Pugh classification, 502.411 in ALBI grade and 482.762 in the Zn classification system). Multivariate analyses of factors associated with OS revealed that serum Zn classification by JSCN was an independent factor. In conclusion, the serum Zn classification proposed by JSCN appears to be helpful for estimating prognosis in LC patients.

4.
J Clin Med ; 8(9)2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31540447

RESUMO

We sought to elucidate the relationship between albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) grade and non-protein respiratory quotient (npRQ) calculated by indirect calorimetry in chronic liver disease (CLD) patients (n = 601, median age = 63 years). Factors linked to npRQ < 0.85, which is reported to be an optimal cutoff point for the prognosis in liver cirrhosis (LC) patients, were also investigated using univariate and multivariate analyses. The median npRQ for all cases was 0.86. In total, 253 patients (42.1%) had npRQ < 0.85. The proportions of patients with npRQ < 0.85 in LC and non-LC patients were 51.9% (166/320) in LC patients and 31.0% (87/281) in non-LC patients (p < 0.0001). The median npRQ in ALBI grades 1, 2, and 3 for all cases were: 0.89, 0.85, and 0.82 (overall p < 0.0001). The proportions of patients with npRQ < 0.85 were 31.0% (71/229) in ALBI grade 1, 46.34% (152/328) in ALBI grade 2, and 68.18% (30/44) in ALBI grade 3 (overall p < 0.0001). In multivariate analyses of factors linked to npRQ < 0.85, ALBI grade 3 (p = 0.0095, hazard ratio = 3.242, ALBI grade 1 as a reference) was an independent predictor along with prothrombin time (p = 0.0139). In conclusion, ALBI grade can be a useful marker for npRQ in patients with CLDs.

5.
J Clin Med ; 8(9)2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480612

RESUMO

: We sought to compare the impact upon grip strength (GS) between the Mac-2 binding protein glycosylation isomer (M2BPGi) and the Fibrosis-4 (FIB4) index in chronic liver disease (CLD) patients (n = 376: 171 males and 205 females, and 137 liver cirrhosis (LC) cases (36.4%)). Factors linked to the low GS (<26 kg in male and <18 kg in female) were also investigated using univariate and multivariate analyses. The median GS in males was 35.5 kg, while that in females was 21.1 kg. The median M2BPGi was 1.11 cutoff index, whereas the median FIB4 index was 2.069. In both male (P < 0.0001) and female (P = 0.0001), GS in LC patients was significantly lower than that in non-LC patients. In males, M2BPGi (r = -0.4611, P < 0.0001) and the FIB4 index (r = -0.4556, P < 0.0001) significantly correlated with GS. Similarly, in females, M2BPGi (r = -0.33326, P < 0.0001) and our FIB4 index (r = -0.26388, P = 0.0001) also significantly correlated with GS. In the multivariate analyses of factors linked to the low GS, independent factors were: M2BPGi (P = 0.0003) and skeletal muscle index (P = 0.0007) in males, and age (P < 0.0001) and serum albumin level (P = 0.0484) in females. In conclusion, liver fibrosis markers were well-correlated with GS in CLD patients. In particular, M2BPGi can be helpful for predicting the low GS in male patients.

6.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 45(10): 2679-2687, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277922

RESUMO

We investigated the diagnostic capability of the proprietary attenuation imaging (ATI) modality found on some Canon Medical Systems Corp. ultrasound scanners to detect histologically diagnosed steatosis in 148 patients. ATI values increased significantly with increasing steatosis grade (p < 0.001). The diagnostic values (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve) of ATI for steatosis grades ≥ 1 (5%-33% of hepatocytes), ≥ 2 (33%-66% of hepatocytes) and 3 (> 66% of hepatocytes) were 0.85, 0.91 and 0.91. In addition, ATI values increased significantly with increasing steatosis grades (p = 0.002) even in obese patients (n = 41). The diagnostic values of ATI for steatosis grades ≥ 1, ≥ 2 and 3 in obese patients were 0.72, 0.72 and 0.78. Furthermore, ATI values increased significantly with increasing steatosis grade (p < 0.001) in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) (n = 38). The diagnostic values of ATI for steatosis grades ≥ 1, ≥ 2 and 3 in NAFLD patients were 0.77, 0.88 and 0.86. In conclusion, the ATI method showed good diagnostic capability for the detection of hepatic steatosis.

7.
J Clin Med ; 8(6)2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159435

RESUMO

We aimed to compare the prognostic impact among albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) grade, the Child-Pugh classification and our proposed combined ALBI grade and skeletal muscle mass (SMM) grading system in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) (n = 468, 254 males and 214 females) using the Akaike information criterion (AIC) and time-dependent receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis. SMM was tested using bioimpedance analysis. Male subjects with skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) <7.0 cm2/m2 and female subjects with SMI <5.7 cm2/m2 were defined as having low SMM. Patients with ALBI grade 1, 2 and 3 were given 1, 2 and 3 points. Patients with and without low SMM were given 1 and 0 point, respectively. The sum of the point of ALBI (1, 2, or 3) and SMM (0 or 1) was defined as the ALBI-SMM grade. The value obtained with the AIC for survival by the ALBI-SMM grade was the lowest among three assessment methods (AIC: 513.418 in ALBI grade, 533.584 in Child-Pugh classification and 493.72 in ALBI-SMM grade). In time-dependent ROC analysis, all area under the ROCs of the ALBI-SMM grade in each time point were the highest among three assessment methods. In conclusion, the ALBI-SMM grading system can be helpful for LC patients.

8.
J Clin Med ; 8(5)2019 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31072067

RESUMO

Association between sarcopenia, as evaluated by grip strength (GS) and skeletal muscle mass (SMM), and depression, as evaluated by Beck Depression Inventory-2nd edition (BDI-II) in chronic liver diseases (CLDs, n = 414, average age = 61.5 years), was investigated. Study subjects were classified into four groups: Group A (n = 60), lower GS and lower SMM (sarcopenia); group B (n = 44), lower GS and higher SMM; group C (n = 100), higher GS and lower SMM; group D (n = 210), higher GS and higher SMM. Factors associated with BDI-II score ≥11 were examined. BDI-II score 0-10 (normal) was found in 284 (68.6%), 11-16 (minimal) in 76 (18.4%), 17-20 (mild) in 24 (5.8%), 21-30 (moderate) in 15 (3.6%), and ≥31 (severe) in 15 (3.6%). The average ± standard deviation BDI-II score in liver cirrhosis (LC) patients (10.2 ± 9.6, n = 152) was significantly higher than that in non-LC patients (7.4 ± 7.2, n = 262) (p = 0.0058). Univariate analysis identified three factors to be significantly associated with BDI-I score ≥11: Our classification (groups of A, B, C, and D) (p = 0.0259), serum albumin (p = 0.0445), and the presence of LC (p = 0.0157). Multivariate analysis revealed that only group A (p = 0.0074, group D as a reference) was significant. In conclusion, sarcopenia can be an independent predictor for depression in CLDs.

9.
Hepatol Res ; 49(7): 721-730, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30884015

RESUMO

AIM: We aimed to compare the well-established liver fibrosis (LF) markers in Japanese patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB, n = 331) and chronic hepatitis C (CHC, n = 886) and to discuss possible causes of differences in results between CHB patients and CHC patients. METHODS: Virtual touch quantification (VTQ) in acoustic radiation force impulse, Fibrosis-4 (Fib-4) index, aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index (APRI), and hyaluronic acid (HA) were compared between the two cohorts. As an additional investigation, total collagen proportional area (TCPA, %) was tested using liver pathological samples (n = 83). RESULTS: Significant LF (F2 or greater) and advanced LF (F3 or greater) were identified in 153 (46.2%) and 76 (23.0%) patients in the CHB cohort and 579 (65.3%) and 396 (44.7%) patients in the CHC cohort. The median VTQ, Fib-4 index, APRI, and HA values in the CHB cohort were 1.20 m/s, 1.36, 0.44, and 25 ng/mL; those in the CHC cohort were 1.32 m/s, 2.60, 0.74, and 65.5 ng/mL (P-values, all <0.0001). Similar tendencies were noted by F stage-based stratification. The median TCPA in the CHB cohort and the CHC cohort were 8.5% and 12.7% (P < 0.0006). The TCPA values in the CHC cohort were higher than those in the CHB cohort regardless of LF stage. CONCLUSION: Values of LF markers in CHB patients can differ from those in CHC patients even in the same LF stage. Difference in total amount of collagen fiber in CHB and CHC appears to be linked to the difference.

10.
J Clin Med ; 8(3)2019 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30862022

RESUMO

We sought to investigate the influence of serum zinc (Zn) concentration on sarcopenia in chronic liver diseases (CLDs, n = 372, median age = 65 years, 147 liver cirrhosis (LC) cases (39.5%)). Sarcopenia was defined by low grip strength and low skeletal muscle mass. Study subjects were divided into the following three groups (High-, Intermediate-, and Low-Zn groups) based on the baseline serum Zn level. The impacts of serum Zn concentration on sarcopenia were examined. The median (interquartile range) serum Zn concentration for all cases was 72.85 (63.7, 81.45) µg/dL. The proportions of sarcopenia in the High-Zn, Intermediate-Zn, and Low-Zn groups were 10.75% (10/93), 11.23% (21/187), and 27.17% (25/92), respectively (P = 0.9046 (High vs. Intermediate), P = 0.0007 (Intermediate vs. Low), P = 0.0044 (High vs. Low), overall P value = 0.0009). The median serum Zn concentrations in patients with sarcopenia, pre-sarcopenia, and control were 66.35, 73.1 and 73.8 µg/dL, respectively (P = 0.0234 (sarcopenia vs. pre-sarcopenia), P = 0.2116 (pre-sarcopenia vs. control), P = 0.0002 (sarcopenia vs. control), overall P value = 0.0016). In the multivariate analyses of factors linked to the presence of sarcopenia, Low-Zn was an independent predictor for all cases (P = 0.0236) and LC cases (P = 0.0082). In conclusion, Zn deficiency can be an independent predictor for sarcopenia in patients with CLDs.

11.
Hepatol Res ; 49(6): 676-686, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30680865

RESUMO

AIM: Transient elastography (TE) is the gold standard for measurement of liver stiffness. The usefulness of shear wave elastographies (SWE) is well accepted. However, the measurement values cannot be equivalently compared because cut-off values for the diagnosis of liver fibrosis are different among those devices. We aimed to clarify correlations, to generate the regression equations between TE and SWEs, and to compare the diagnostic ability of each device to diagnose liver fibrosis. METHODS: A total of 109 patients with chronic liver disease who underwent liver biopsy and same-day evaluation of liver stiffness using six ultrasound devices were analyzed. The diagnostic ability of liver stiffness from each ultrasound device and correlations between TE and each SWE were analyzed. RESULTS: Liver stiffness measured by all six ultrasound devices increased significantly as liver fibrosis stage advanced (P < 0.001). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis for predicting significant fibrosis (≥F2) and cirrhosis yielded area under the ROC curve (AUROC) values based on TE of 0.830 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.755-0.905) and 0.959 (95% CI, 0.924-0.995), respectively. The AUROCs for predicting significant fibrosis (≥F2) and cirrhosis (F4) based on SWE from all five ultrasound devices were over 0.8 and 0.9, respectively. Furthermore, the correlation coefficients between TE values and SWE values from five ultrasound devices were all over 0.8, indicating a strong relationship. CONCLUSION: Our study showed strong correlations between TE and SWEs with high correlation coefficients. The regression equations between TE and SWEs demonstrated the ability to compare the measurement values in each device equivalently.

12.
Hepatol Res ; 49(3): 271-283, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30358027

RESUMO

AIM: We sought to create a prediction model for intrahepatic covalently closed circular DNA (IH-cccDNA) level in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients and to validate the model's predictive accuracy. METHODS: Patients who did not receive previous nucleoside analogue (NA) therapy were assigned to the training cohort (n = 57), and those who received previous NA therapy were assigned to the validation cohort (n = 69). Factors linked to IH-cccDNA levels in the training cohort were analyzed and a formula to predict IH-cccDNA levels was constructed. Next, the reproducibility of that formula was assessed. RESULTS: In the multivariate analysis for the prediction of IH-cccDNA level in the training cohort, fasting blood sugar (FBS) (P = 0.0227), hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) (P = 0.0067) and log10 (HB surface antigen [HBsAg]) (P = 0.0497) were significant, whereas HB core-related antigen (HBcrAg) tended to be significant (P = 0.0562). The formula was constructed and named the FBS-cres score based on the variables used (FBS, HBcrAg, HBeAg, and HBsAg). The FBS-cres score was calculated as: 3.1686 - (0.0148 × FBS) + (0.1982 × HBcrAg) + (0.0008168 × HBeAg) + (0.1761 × log10 (HBsAg)). In the training cohort, a significant correlation was noted between HBcrAg and IH-cccDNA levels (P < 0.0001, r = 0.67), whereas the FBS-cres score was more closely correlated to IH-cccDNA level (P < 0.0001, r = 0.81). In the validation cohort, significant correlation was found between HBcrAg and IH-cccDNA levels (P = 0.0012, r = 0.38), whereas the FBS-cres score was more closely linked to IH-cccDNA levels (P < 0.0001, r = 0.51). Similar tendencies were observed in all subgroup analyses. CONCLUSION: Our proposed model for the prediction of IH-cccDNA level could be helpful in CHB patients.

13.
J Clin Med ; 7(12)2018 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30558298

RESUMO

We sought to examine the influence of hand grip strength (HGS) and skeletal muscle mass (SMM) on the health-related quality of life (H-QOL) as evaluated by the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaire in chronic liver diseases (CLDs, 198 men and 191 women). Decreased HGS was defined as HGS <26 kg for men and <18 kg for women. Decreased SMM was defined as SMM index <7.0 kg/m² for men and <5.7 kg/m² for women, using bioimpedance analysis. SF-36 scores were compared between groups stratified by HGS or SMM. Between-group differences (decreased HGS vs. non-decreased HGS) in the items of physical functioning (PF), role physical (RP), bodily pain, vitality (VT), social functioning (SF), role emotional (RE), and physical component summary score (PCS) reached significance, while between-group differences (decreased SMM vs. non-decreased SMM) in the items of PF, SF and RE were significant. Multivariate analyses revealed that HGS was significantly linked to PF (p = 0.0031), RP (p = 0.0185), and PCS (p = 0.0421) in males, and PF (p = 0.0034), VT (p = 0.0150), RE (p = 0.0422), and PCS (p = 0.0191) in females. HGS had a strong influence especially in the physiological domains in SF-36 in CLDs.

14.
J Clin Med ; 8(1)2018 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30583494

RESUMO

We sought to investigate the influence of sarcopenia as defined by muscle strength and skeletal muscle mass (SMM) on sleep disturbance as evaluated by the Japanese version of Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI-J) in chronic liver diseases (CLDs) (n = 419). Muscle strength and muscle mass were determined by grip strength (GS) and SMM using bioimpedance analysis. Patients were classified into four types: type A (n = 61); decreased GS and decreased SMM; type B (n = 45); decreased GS and non-decreased SMM; type C (n = 102); non-decreased GS and decreased SMM; and type D (n = 211); non-decreased GS and non-decreased SMM. Factors associated with PSQI-J score 6 or more were examined. PSQI-J score 0⁻5 (normal) was found in 253 (60.4%); 6⁻8 (mild) in 97 (23.2%); 9⁻11 (moderate) in 45 (10.7%) and 12 or more (severe) in 24 (5.7%). Univariate analysis identified three factors to be significantly associated with PSQI-J score 6 or more: presence of liver cirrhosis (LC) (P = 0.0132); our classification of type A; B; C and D (P < 0.0001) and serum albumin level (P = 0.0041). Multivariate analysis showed that type A (P = 0.0021) and type B (P = 0.0220) were significant independent factors. In conclusion, sarcopenia in CLDs appears to be closely associated with sleep disturbance mainly due to muscle strength decline.

15.
Nutrients ; 10(8)2018 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30103528

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the relationship between extracellular water to total body water ratio (ECW/TBW) in bioimpedance analysis (BIA) and clinical parameters in hepatitis viruses related to liver diseases. METHODS: ECW/TBW was compared in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV, n = 85) and hepatitis C virus (HCV, n = 440) related liver diseases. We also examined factors linked to mild to severe overhydrated state (ECW/TBW ≥0.4). RESULTS: The median ECW/TBW in the HCV group was 0.388 (range, 0.365⁻0.433), while that in the HBV group was 0.381 (range, 0.363⁻0.425) (p < 0.0001). In all cases (n = 525), for predicting F3 or more, ECW/TBW yielded the area under the receiver operating characteristics (AUROC, 0.74912) and for predicting F4, ECW/TBW yielded the AUROC (0.75517). Multivariate analysis showed that age, prothrombin time, serum albumin, and alanine aminotransferase were significant factors linked to ECW/TBW ≥0.4. In patients with FIB-4 index <2, ECW/TBW in the HCV group was significantly higher than that in the HBV group (p = 0.0188), while in patients with 2 ≤ FIB-4 index <4 and FIB-4 index ≥4, the difference in the two groups did not reach significance. CONCLUSION: ECW/TBW can be different according to hepatitis viruses. Overhydrated status can easily occur in the HCV group even in the non-LC status compared with the HBV group.


Assuntos
Composição Corporal , Água Corporal/metabolismo , Deslocamentos de Líquidos Corporais , Hepatite B/fisiopatologia , Hepatite C/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Impedância Elétrica , Feminino , Hepatite B/sangue , Hepatite B/virologia , Hepatite C/sangue , Hepatite C/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Equilíbrio Hidroeletrolítico , Desequilíbrio Hidroeletrolítico/sangue , Desequilíbrio Hidroeletrolítico/fisiopatologia , Desequilíbrio Hidroeletrolítico/virologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Nutrients ; 10(9)2018 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30158477

RESUMO

AIMS: To identify the relationship between the Controlling Nutrition Status (CONUT) score and clinical parameters among adults with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related liver cirrhosis (LC) (n = 264, 141 males and 123 females). METHODS: The relationship between the CONUT score and clinical variables such as Child-Pugh classification were investigated. We also examined factors linked to poor nutritional state as determined by CONUT score. RESULTS: According to the CONUT score, normal nutritional state was found in 57 patients, mild malnutrition state in 132, moderate malnutrition state in 68 and severe malnutrition state in 7. The CONUT score ranged from 0 to 9 (median = 2) in Child-Pugh A (n = 198), 0 to 10 (median = 6) in Child-Pugh B (n = 62) and 6 to 9 (median = 7.5) in Child-Pugh C (n = 4) (overall, p < 0.00001). Multivariate analysis revealed that FIB-4 index, branched-chain amino acid to tyrosine ratio and extracellular water to total body water ratio in bioimpedance analysis were significant for both CONUT score 2 or more, and 5 or more. FIB-4 index had the highest predictability for both CONUT score 2 or more and 5 or more among three parameters. CONCLUSION: The CONUT score well reflects liver functional reserve among adults with HCV-related LC. FIB-4 index can be useful for malnutrition.


Assuntos
Hepatite C/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/virologia , Desnutrição/diagnóstico , Avaliação Nutricional , Estado Nutricional , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Hepatite C/diagnóstico , Hepatite C/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/fisiopatologia , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino , Desnutrição/complicações , Desnutrição/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
17.
Mol Med Rep ; 18(2): 2117-2123, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29901148

RESUMO

Due to varying positive rates of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification, interpretation of conventional PCR results for non­infectious ascites remains problematic. The present study developed a highly sensitive PCR protocol and investigated the positive rate of PCR for the 16S ribosomal (r)RNA gene in non­infectious ascites. Following the design of a new PCR primer pair for the 16S rRNA gene (800F and 1400R), the sequences of PCR products were analyzed and the lower limit for bacterial DNA detection evaluated. The positive rate of PCR for 16S rRNA gene in non­infectious ascites was also evaluated. PCR with the primer pair amplified the genomic DNA of 16S rRNA genes of major disease­causing bacterial strains. Additionally, PCR with this primer pair provided highly sensitive detection of bacterial genomic DNA (lower limit, 0.1 pg of template DNA). When DNA samples isolated from ascites were used, the 16S rRNA gene was amplified independently of the presence of bacterial infection. PCR products contained the genomic DNA fragments of multiple bacterial species. Bacterial genomic DNA can be amplified from all ascitic fluids using a highly sensitive PCR protocol. Careful attention is required to interpret the results based on simple amplification of 16S rRNA gene with conventional PCR.


Assuntos
Líquido Ascítico/microbiologia , Bactérias/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Genoma Bacteriano/genética , Cirrose Hepática/microbiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
18.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 30(5): 546-551, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29494353

RESUMO

AIM: Whether direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy can reduce liver fibrosis and steatosis in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection remains unclear. We evaluated sequential changes in liver stiffness and steatosis using transient elastography (TE) and the TE-based controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) in patients with HCV who received DAA therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 57 patients with HCV who received DAA therapy and achieved sustained virological response (SVR) were analyzed. Liver stiffness as evaluated with TE, steatosis as evaluated with CAP, and laboratory data were assessed before treatment (baseline), at end of treatment (EOT), 24 weeks after EOT (SVR24), and 48 weeks after EOT (SVR48). RESULTS: Alanine aminotransferase levels, corresponding to the presence of necroinflammatory activity, significantly decreased overall, with significant differences between baseline and EOT, EOT, and SVR24, and baseline and SVR48. However, alanine aminotransferase levels showed no significant changes between SVR24 and SVR48. Median (interquartile range) liver stiffness values at baseline, EOT, SVR24, and SVR48 were 8.3 (5.0-14.8), 7.4 (4.6-14.7), 5.3 (4.1-11.8), and 5.4 (4.0-13.4) kPa, respectively (baseline vs. EOT, P=0.044; EOT vs. SVR24, P=0.011; and SVR24 vs. SVR48, P=0.054). In patients with fatty liver (CAP≥236 dB/m, n=14), CAP values at baseline and SVR48 were 253 (245-278) and 229 (209-249) dB/m, respectively (P=0.020). CONCLUSION: Liver stiffness at SVR24 might reflect liver fibrosis in the patients who received DAA therapy and achieved SVR. In addition, liver steatosis reduces in the same cohort with fatty liver.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Fígado Gorduroso/virologia , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Cirrose Hepática/virologia , Idoso , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Fígado Gorduroso/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/virologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resposta Viral Sustentada , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
BMJ Open Gastroenterol ; 5(1): e000193, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29527314

RESUMO

Introduction: In most chronic pancreatitis (CP) cases, malabsorption, pain, and weight loss are the leading clinical symptoms, which significantly worsen the quality of life (QOL) and decreased QOL in patients with CP can cause sleep disorder. There is a growing body of evidence that recognises the favourable effects of physical exercise (PE), however, there are limited data currently available concerning patients with CP undergoing PE. Actigram is a device for gathering objective sleep/awake data in the natural sleeping surroundings over an extended time period. In this study, we will aim to prospectively investigate the effect of PE on sleep disorder as assessed by actigram in patients with CP. Methods and analysis: This study is a non-double-blind randomised controlled trial. Study participants will be randomised into the PE group and the control group. When registering patients, precise assessment for nutritional status and daily physical activities will be undertaken in each study patient. In the PE group, physical activities equal to or higher than walking for 60 min/day should be strongly recommended. Sleep quality using actigram will be prospectively compared in the two groups. The primary endpoint is the activity index in actigram at 12 weeks. Ethics and dissemination: Ethical approval for the study was granted by the Institutional Review Board at Hyogo College of Medicine (approval number 2767). Results will be presented at relevant conferences and submitted to an appropriate journal following trial closure and analysis. Trial registration number: UMIN000029265 (https://upload.umin.ac.jp/); Pre-results.

20.
BMJ Open Gastroenterol ; 5(1): e000194, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29527315

RESUMO

Introduction and purpose: Sarcopenia is defined as a decrease in muscle mass and muscle strength, and it has been demonstrated to be an adverse predictor in numerous types of cancers. Exercise therapy (ET) carries multiple health benefits in several diseases. Despite these clinical benefits, there are limited data available regarding patients with pancreatic cancer (PC) undergoing ET. We aim to prospectively examine the effect of ET on sarcopenia in patients with PC. Methods and analysis: All clinical stages of PC can be included. When registering study subjects, a precise evaluation of the nutritional status and the daily physical activities performed will be undertaken individually, for each participant. Study participants will be randomly allocated into two groups: (1) the ET and standard therapy group and (2) the standard therapy group. Amelioration of sarcopenia at 3 months postrandomisation will be the primary endpoint. Muscle mass will be calculated using bioimpedance analysis. Sarcopenia will be defined based on the current Asian guidelines. Participants will be instructed to perform exercises with > 3 metabolic equivalents (mets; energy consumption in physical activities/resting metabolic rate) for 60 min/day and to perform exercises with > 23 mets/week. In the ET group, physical activities equal to or greater than walking for 60 min/day will be strongly recommended. Ethics and dissemination: The Institutional Review Board at Hyogo College of Medicine has approved this study protocol (approval no. 2772). The final data will be publicly announced. A report releasing the study results will be submitted for publication. Trial registration number: UMIN000029271; Pre-results.

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