Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 274
Filtrar
1.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4393, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562340

RESUMO

Human height is a representative phenotype to elucidate genetic architecture. However, the majority of large studies have been performed in European population. To investigate the rare and low-frequency variants associated with height, we construct a reference panel (N = 3,541) for genotype imputation by integrating the whole-genome sequence data from 1,037 Japanese with that of the 1000 Genomes Project, and perform a genome-wide association study in 191,787 Japanese. We report 573 height-associated variants, including 22 rare and 42 low-frequency variants. These 64 variants explain 1.7% of the phenotypic variance. Furthermore, a gene-based analysis identifies two genes with multiple height-increasing rare and low-frequency nonsynonymous variants (SLC27A3 and CYP26B1; PSKAT-O < 2.5 × 10-6). Our analysis shows a general tendency of the effect sizes of rare variants towards increasing height, which is contrary to findings among Europeans, suggesting that height-associated rare variants are under different selection pressure in Japanese and European populations.

2.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3685, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417091

RESUMO

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common pediatric spinal deformity. Several AIS susceptibility loci have been identified; however, they could explain only a small proportion of AIS heritability. To identify additional AIS susceptibility loci, we conduct a meta-analysis of the three genome-wide association studies consisting of 79,211 Japanese individuals. We identify 20 loci significantly associated with AIS, including 14 previously not reported loci. These loci explain 4.6% of the phenotypic variance of AIS. We find 21 cis-expression quantitative trait loci-associated genes in seven of the fourteen loci. By a female meta-analysis, we identify additional three significant loci. We also find significant genetic correlations of AIS with body mass index and uric acid. The cell-type specificity analyses show the significant heritability enrichment for AIS in multiple cell-type groups, suggesting the heterogeneity of etiology and pathogenesis of AIS. Our findings provide insights into etiology and pathogenesis of AIS.

3.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) ; 44(23): 1623-1629, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365516

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Genetic case-control study of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of previously reported susceptibility genes for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration with adult spinal deformity (ASD). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ASD is a spinal deformity that develops and progresses with age. Its etiology is unclear. Several ASD susceptibility genes were recently reported using a candidate gene approach; however, the sample sizes were small and associations with ASD development were not determined. METHODS: ASD was defined as structural scoliosis with a Cobb angle more than 15° on standing radiographs, taken of patients at age 40 to 75 years in this study. Subjects in whom scoliosis was diagnosed before age 20 were excluded. We recruited 356 Japanese ASD subjects and 3341 healthy controls for case-control association studies of previously reported SNPs. We genotyped four known AIS-associated SNPs (rs11190870 in LBX1, rs6570507 in GPR126, rs10738445 in BNC2, and rs6137473 in PAX1) and three IVD degeneration-associated SNPs (rs1245582 in CHST3, rs2073711 in CILP, and rs1676486 in COL11A1) by the Invader assay. RESULTS: Among the AIS-associated SNPs, rs11190870 and rs6137473 showed strong and nominal associations with ASD (P = 1.44 × 10, 1.00 × 10, respectively). Of the IVD degeneration-associated SNPs, rs1245582 and rs2073711 showed no association with ASD, while rs1676486 showed a nominal association (P = 1.10 × 10). In a subgroup analysis, rs11190870 was significantly associated with a Cobb angle more than 20° in the minor thoracic curve (P = 1.44 × 10) and with a left convex lumbar curve (P = 6.70 × 10), and nominally associated with an apical vertebra higher than L1 (P = 1.80 × 10). CONCLUSION: rs11190870 in LBX1, a strong susceptibility SNP for AIS, may also be a susceptibility SNP for ASD. Thus, ASD and AIS may share a common genetic background. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4.

4.
Eur J Hum Genet ; 27(12): 1845-1857, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31332306

RESUMO

Split-hand/foot malformation (SHFM) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous condition. We sequentially performed screening of the previously identified Japanese founder 17p13.3 duplication/triplication involving BHLHA9, array comparative genomic hybridization, and whole exome sequencing (WES) in newly recruited 41 Japanese families with non-syndromic and syndromic SHFM. We also carried out WES in seven families with nonsyndromic and syndromic SHFM in which underlying genetic causes including pathogenic copy-number variants (CNVs) remained undetected in our previous studies of 56 families. Consequently, we identified not only known pathogenic CNVs (17p13.3 duplications/triplications [n = 21], 2q31 deletion [n = 1], and 10q24 duplications [n = 3]) and rare variants in known causative genes (TP63 [n = 3], DLX5 [n = 1], IGF2 [n = 1], WNT10B [n = 3], WNT10B/PORCN [n = 1], and PORCN [n = 1]), but also a de novo 19q13.11 deletion disrupting UBA2 (n = 1) and variants that probably affect function in LRP6 (n = 1) and UBA2 (n = 1). Thus, together with our previous data based on testing of 56 families, molecular studies for a total of 97 families with SHFM revealed underlying genetic causes in 75 families, and clinical studies for the 75 families indicated a certain degree of correlation between genetic causes and phenotypes. The results imply that SHFM primarily occurs as a genetic disorder with genotype-phenotype correlations. Furthermore, the results together with previous data such as the development of SHFM in Lrp6 knockout mice, the presence of SHFM in two subjects with 19q13 deletions involving UBA2, and strong mouse Uba2 expression in the developing limb buds, imply that LRP6 and UBA2 represent plausible candidate genes for SHFM.

5.
J Bone Miner Res ; 34(10): 1873-1879, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31163101

RESUMO

Dysosteosclerosis (DOS) is a distinct form of sclerosing bone disease characterized by irregular osteosclerosis and platyspondyly. DOS is genetically heterogeneous; however, only five cases with SLC29A3 mutations and a single case with a splice-site mutation of TNFRSF11A have been reported, and TNFRSF11A is also a causal gene for osteopetrosis, autosomal recessive 7 (OP-AR7). Thus, the causal genes of DOS and their genotype-phenotype associations remain unclear. In this study, we examined a Japanese patient with DOS and found a novel variant in TNFRSF11A. The homozygous variant was a G to T transversion at the first nucleotide of exon 9 (c.784G>T). Although the variant was predicted to cause a stop codon mutation (p.E262*), in silico evaluation of the exonic splicing elements followed by RT-PCR for the patient-derived cells showed that it caused aberrant splicing due to the change in the exonic splicing element and produced two types of aberrant transcripts: One caused a premature stop codon (p.E262Vfs*17) leading to nonsense mutation-mediated mRNA decay; the other produced a protein with interstitial deletion (p.E262_Q279del). The effects of the mutation on five splicing isoforms of TNFRSF11A were different from those in OP-AR7, but comparable with those in the first DOS with the TNFRSF11A mutation. Thus, we identified the second case of DOS caused by the TNFRSF11A splice-site mutation and confirmed the novel disease entity. © 2019 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.

6.
Nat Hum Behav ; 3(5): 471-477, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31089300

RESUMO

Cigarette smoking is a risk factor for a wide range of human diseases1. To investigate the genetic components associated with smoking behaviours in the Japanese population, we conducted a genome-wide association study of four smoking-related traits using up to 165,436 individuals. In total, we identified seven new loci, including three loci associated with the number of cigarettes per day (EPHX2-CLU, RET and CUX2-ALDH2), three loci associated with smoking initiation (DLC1, CXCL12-TMEM72-AS1 and GALR1-SALL3) and LINC01793-MIR4432HG, associated with the age of smoking initiation. Of these, three loci (LINC01793-MIR4432HG, CXCL12-TMEM72-AS1 and GALR1-SALL3) were found by conducting an additional sex-stratified genome-wide association study. This additional analysis showed heterogeneity of effects between sexes. The cross-sex linkage disequilibrium score regression2,3 analysis also indicated that the genetic component of smoking initiation was significantly different between the sexes. Cross-trait linkage disequilibrium score regression analysis and trait-relevant tissue analysis showed that the number of cigarettes per day has a specific genetic background distinct from those of the other three smoking behaviours. We also report 11 diseases that share genetic basis with smoking behaviours. Although the current study should be carefully considered owing to the lack of replication samples, our findings characterized the genetic architecture of smoking behaviours. Further studies in East Asian populations are warranted to confirm our findings.

7.
J Med Genet ; 56(9): 622-628, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31015262

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Congenital scoliosis (CS) is a common vertebral malformation. Spondylocostal dysostosis (SCD) is a rare skeletal dysplasia characterised by multiple vertebral malformations and rib anomalies. In a previous study, a compound heterozygosity for a null mutation and a risk haplotype composed by three single-nucleotide polymorphisms in TBX6 have been reported as a disease-causing model of CS. Another study identified bi-allelic missense variants in a SCD patient. The purpose of our study is to identify TBX6 variants in CS and SCD and examine their pathogenicity. METHODS: We recruited 200 patients with CS or SCD and investigated TBX6 variants. We evaluated the pathogenicity of the variants by in silico prediction and in vitro experiments. RESULTS: We identified five 16p11.2 deletions, one splice-site variant and five missense variants in 10 patients. In vitro functional assays for missense variants identified in the previous and present studies demonstrated that most of the variants caused abnormal localisation of TBX6 proteins. We confirmed mislocalisation of TBX6 proteins in presomitic mesoderm cells induced from SCD patient-derived iPS cells. In induced cells, we found decreased mRNA expressions of TBX6 and its downstream genes were involved in somite formation. All CS patients with missense variants had the risk haplotype in the opposite allele, while a SCD patient with bi-allelic missense variants did not have the haplotype. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that bi-allelic loss of function variants of TBX6 cause a spectrum of phenotypes including CS and SCD, depending on the severity of the loss of TBX6 function.

8.
Am J Hum Genet ; 104(5): 925-935, 2019 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30982609

RESUMO

Colony stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF1R) plays key roles in regulating development and function of the monocyte/macrophage lineage, including microglia and osteoclasts. Mono-allelic mutations of CSF1R are known to cause hereditary diffuse leukoencephalopathy with spheroids (HDLS), an adult-onset progressive neurodegenerative disorder. Here, we report seven affected individuals from three unrelated families who had bi-allelic CSF1R mutations. In addition to early-onset HDLS-like neurological disorders, they had brain malformations and skeletal dysplasia compatible to dysosteosclerosis (DOS) or Pyle disease. We identified five CSF1R mutations that were homozygous or compound heterozygous in these affected individuals. Two of them were deep intronic mutations resulting in abnormal inclusion of intron sequences in the mRNA. Compared with Csf1r-null mice, the skeletal and neural phenotypes of the affected individuals appeared milder and variable, suggesting that at least one of the mutations in each affected individual is hypomorphic. Our results characterized a unique human skeletal phenotype caused by CSF1R deficiency and implied that bi-allelic CSF1R mutations cause a spectrum of neurological and skeletal disorders, probably depending on the residual CSF1R function.

9.
Am J Hum Genet ; 104(3): 439-453, 2019 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30773278

RESUMO

SPONASTRIME dysplasia is a rare, recessive skeletal dysplasia characterized by short stature, facial dysmorphism, and aberrant radiographic findings of the spine and long bone metaphysis. No causative genetic alterations for SPONASTRIME dysplasia have yet been determined. Using whole-exome sequencing (WES), we identified bi-allelic TONSL mutations in 10 of 13 individuals with SPONASTRIME dysplasia. TONSL is a multi-domain scaffold protein that interacts with DNA replication and repair factors and which plays critical roles in resistance to replication stress and the maintenance of genome integrity. We show here that cellular defects in dermal fibroblasts from affected individuals are complemented by the expression of wild-type TONSL. In addition, in vitro cell-based assays and in silico analyses of TONSL structure support the pathogenicity of those TONSL variants. Intriguingly, a knock-in (KI) Tonsl mouse model leads to embryonic lethality, implying the physiological importance of TONSL. Overall, these findings indicate that genetic variants resulting in reduced function of TONSL cause SPONASTRIME dysplasia and highlight the importance of TONSL in embryonic development and postnatal growth.

10.
J Hum Genet ; 64(5): 493-498, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30787423

RESUMO

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common type of scoliosis. Controlling its curve progression is the most important clinical task. Although recent genome-wide association studies (GWASs) identified several susceptibility loci associated with the development of AIS, the etiology of curve progression has been still unknown. Our previous GWAS has identified that rs12946942 showed significant association with severe AIS. To confirm the association, we conducted an international meta-analysis using four cohorts with different ethnicity. We analyzed 2272 severe AIS cases and 13,859 controls in total, and found the replication of significant association of rs12946942 (combined P = 7.23×10-13; odds ratio = 1.36, 95% confidence interval = 1.25-1.49). In silico analyses suggested that SOX9 is the most likely susceptibility gene for AIS curve progression in the locus.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Polimorfismo Genético , Fatores de Transcrição SOX9/genética , Escoliose/etnologia , Escoliose/genética , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
11.
Nat Genet ; 51(3): 379-386, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30718926

RESUMO

To understand the genetics of type 2 diabetes in people of Japanese ancestry, we conducted A meta-analysis of four genome-wide association studies (GWAS; 36,614 cases and 155,150 controls of Japanese ancestry). We identified 88 type 2 diabetes-associated loci (P < 5.0 × 10-8) with 115 independent signals (P < 5.0 × 10-6), of which 28 loci with 30 signals were novel. Twenty-eight missense variants were in linkage disequilibrium (r2 > 0.6) with the lead variants. Among the 28 missense variants, three previously unreported variants had distinct minor allele frequency (MAF) spectra between people of Japanese and European ancestry (MAFJPN > 0.05 versus MAFEUR < 0.01), including missense variants in genes related to pancreatic acinar cells (GP2) and insulin secretion (GLP1R). Transethnic comparisons of the molecular pathways identified from the GWAS results highlight both ethnically shared and heterogeneous effects of a series of pathways on type 2 diabetes (for example, monogenic diabetes and beta cells).


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Loci Gênicos/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Feminino , Frequência do Gene/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Genótipo , Humanos , Desequilíbrio de Ligação/genética , Masculino , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética
12.
J Bone Miner Res ; 34(7): 1275-1283, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30779856

RESUMO

The stiffness index (SI) from quantitative ultrasound measurements is a good indicator of BMD and may be used to predict the risk of osteoporotic fracture. We conducted a genomewide association study (GWAS) for SI using 7742 individuals from the Taiwan Biobank, followed by a replication study in a Korean population (n = 2955). Approximately 6.1 million SNPs were subjected to association analysis, and SI-associated variants were identified. We further conducted a meta-analysis of Taiwan Biobank significant SNPs with a Korean population-based cohort. Candidate genes were prioritized according to epigenetic annotations, gene ontology, protein-protein interaction, GWAS catalog, and expression quantitative trait loci analyses. Our results revealed seven significant single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within three loci: 7q31.31, 17p13.3, and 11q14.2. Conditional analysis showed that three SNPs, rs2536195 (CPED1/WNT16), rs1231207 (SMG6), and rs4944661 (LOC10050636/TMEM135), were the most important signals within these regions. The associations for the three SNPs were confirmed in a UK Biobank estimated BMD GWAS; these three cytobands were replicated successfully after a meta-analysis with a Korean population cohort as well. However, two SNPs were not replicated. After prioritization, we identified two novel genes, RAB15 and FNTB, as strong candidates for association with SI. Our study identified three SI-associated SNPs and two novel SI-related genes. Overall, these results provide further insight into the genetic architecture of osteoporosis. Further studies in larger East Asian populations are needed. © 2019 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.

13.
J Hum Genet ; 64(3): 261-264, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30531807

RESUMO

Spondylocostal dysostosis (SCDO) is a heterogeneous group of skeletal disorders characterized by multiple segmentation defects involving vertebrae and ribs. Seven disease genes have been reported as causal genes for SCDO: DLL3, MESP2, TBX6, HES7, RIPPLY2, DMRT2, and LFNG. Here we report a Japanese SCDO case with multiple severe vertebral anomalies from cervical to sacral spine. The patient was a compound heterozygote for c.372delG (p.K124Nfs*) and c.601G>A (p.D201N) variants of LFNG, which encodes a glycosyltransferase (O-fucosylpeptide 3-beta-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase). The missense variant was in the DxD motif, an active-site motif of the glycosyltransferase, and its loss of the enzyme function was confirmed by an in vitro enzyme assay. This is the second report of LFNG mutations in SCDO.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas/genética , Glicosiltransferases/genética , Hérnia Diafragmática/genética , Hexosiltransferases/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Mutação , Anormalidades Múltiplas/patologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Hérnia Diafragmática/patologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Prognóstico , Homologia de Sequência
14.
Clin Genet ; 2018 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30511388

RESUMO

Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is one of the most common congenital malformations and covers a spectrum of hip disorders from mild dysplasia to irreducible dislocation. The pathological mechanisms of DDH are poorly understood, which hampers the development of diagnostic tools and treatments. To gain insight into its disease mechanism, we explored the potential biological processes that underlie DDH by integrating pathway analysis tools and performing a genome-wide association study (GWAS). A total of 406 DDH-associated genes (P< 0.001) were identified by our GWAS using a Chinese Han cohort consisting of 386 DDH cases and 500 healthy controls (Set A). We verified the significant loci (P<10-5 ) in another Chinese Han cohort consisting of 574 DDH patients and 569 healthy controls (Set B). An intronic SNP (rs61930502) showed significant association in Set A and Set B (P=2.65 x 10-7 and 2.0 x 10-4 , respectively). The minor allele, rs61930502-A, which tended to prevent DDH showed a dominant effect. Heat shock 70 kDa protein 8 (HSPA8) showed the most direct interactions with other proteins which were coded by DDH-associated genes in the protein-protein interaction analysis. Interestingly, KEGG enrichment analysis suggested a relation between DDH and the genes involved in type II diabetes mellitus pathway (P=0.0067). Our genetic and protein interaction evidence could open avenues for future studies of DDH. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

15.
Hum Mol Genet ; 27(22): 3986-3998, 2018 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30395268

RESUMO

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common musculoskeletal disorder of childhood development. The genetic architecture of AIS is complex, and the great majority of risk factors are undiscovered. To identify new AIS susceptibility loci, we conducted the first genome-wide meta-analysis of AIS genome-wide association studies, including 7956 cases and 88 459 controls from 3 ancestral groups. Three novel loci that surpassed genome-wide significance were uncovered in intragenic regions of the CDH13 (P-value_rs4513093 = 1.7E-15), ABO (P-value_ rs687621 = 7.3E-10) and SOX6 (P-value_rs1455114 = 2.98E-08) genes. Restricting the analysis to females improved the associations at multiple loci, most notably with variants within CDH13 despite the reduction in sample size. Genome-wide gene-functional enrichment analysis identified significant perturbation of pathways involving cartilage and connective tissue development. Expression of both SOX6 and CDH13 was detected in cartilage chondrocytes and chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing experiments in that tissue revealed multiple HeK27ac-positive peaks overlapping associated loci. Our results further define the genetic architecture of AIS and highlight the importance of vertebral cartilage development in its pathogenesis.

16.
Biosci Rep ; 38(6)2018 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30355649

RESUMO

Osteoporosis is defined by low bone mineral density (BMD), which is mainly due to the imbalances in osteoclast and osteoblast activity. Previous studies indicated that early activation of osteoclasts relies on calcium entry through store-operated calcium (SOC) entry, and several genes, including STIM1, ORAI1, and ITPKC, are known as key regulators of SOC entry. However, the relationships between STIM1, ORAI1, ITPKC, and human BMD are still unclear. In order to investigate the plausible associations between these genes and BMD, we conducted a meta-analysis of genes expression and BMD using the publicly available GEO database. We further recruited 1044 subjects and tested associations between polymorphisms in these genes and BMD. Clinical information (including age, sex, and BMI) was collected and used for the analysis. Our results indicated that ITPKC gene expression was significantly associated with BMD. Furthermore, we found that one ITPKC SNP (rs2607420) was significantly associated with lumbar spine BMD. Through bioinformatics analysis, rs2607420 was found to be very likely to participate in the regulation of ITPKC expression. Our findings suggest that ITPKC is a susceptibility gene for BMD, and rs2607420 may play an important role in the regulation of this gene.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30196550

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Congenital scoliosis (CS) is defined as a lateral curvature of the spine due to the vertebral malformations and has an incidence of 0.5-1/1,000 births. We previously examined TBX6 in Japanese CS patients and revealed that approximately 10% of CS was caused by TBX6 mutations. However, the genetic cause of remaining CS is unknown. METHODS: We recruited 78 CS patients without TBX6 mutations and major comorbidities, and investigated the genes previously reported to be associated with CS and congenital vertebral malformations by whole-exome sequencing. RESULTS: We identified the compound heterozygous missense variants in LFNG in one patient. No likely disease-causing variants were identified in other patients, however. LFNG encodes a GlcNAc-transferase. The LFNG variants showed loss of their enzyme function. CONCLUSIONS: A LFNG mutation is reported in a case of spondylocostal dysostosis (SCD), a skeletal dysplasia with severe malformations of vertebra and rib. The CS patient with LFNG mutations had multiple vertebral malformations including hemivertebrae, butterfly vertebrae, and block vertebrae, and rib malformations. LFNG mutations may cause a spectrum of phenotypes including CS and SCD. The current list of known disease genes could explain only a small fraction of genetic cause of CS.

19.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 11575, 2018 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30069010

RESUMO

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common type of spinal deformity and has a significant genetic background. Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) identified several susceptibility loci associated with AIS. Among them is a locus on chromosome 6q24.1 that we identified by a GWAS in a Japanese cohort. The locus is represented by rs6570507 located within GPR126. To ensure the association of rs6570507 with AIS, we conducted a meta-analysis using eight cohorts from East Asia, Northern Europe and USA. The analysis included a total of 6,873 cases and 38,916 controls and yielded significant association (combined P = 2.95 × 10-20; odds ratio = 1.22), providing convincing evidence of the worldwide association between rs6570507 and AIS susceptibility. In silico analyses strongly suggested that GPR126 is a susceptibility gene at this locus.

20.
Front Genet ; 9: 267, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30127800

RESUMO

Lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) is age-related break-down in the fibrocartilaginous joints between lumbar vertebrae. It is a major cause of low back pain and is conventionally assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Like most other complex traits, LDD is likely polygenic and influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. However, genome-wide association studies (GWASs) of LDD have uncovered few susceptibility loci due to the limited sample size. Previous epidemiology studies of LDD also reported multiple heritable risk factors, including height, body mass index (BMI), bone mineral density (BMD), lipid levels, etc. Genetics can help elucidate causality between traits and suggest loci with pleiotropic effects. One such approach is polygenic score (PGS) which summarizes the effect of multiple variants by the summation of alleles weighted by estimated effects from GWAS. To investigate genetic overlaps of LDD and related heritable risk factors, we calculated the PGS of height, BMI, BMD and lipid levels in a Chinese population-based cohort with spine MRI examination and a Japanese case-control cohort of lumbar disc herniation (LDH) requiring surgery. Because most large-scale GWASs were done in European populations, PGS of corresponding traits were created using weights from European GWASs. We calibrated their prediction performance in independent Chinese samples, then tested associations with MRI-derived LDD scores and LDH affection status. The PGS of height, BMI, BMD and lipid levels were strongly associated with respective phenotypes in Chinese, but phenotype variances explained were lower than in Europeans which would reduce the power to detect genetic overlaps. Despite of this, the PGS of BMI and lumbar spine BMD were significantly associated with LDD scores; and the PGS of height was associated with the increased the liability of LDH. Furthermore, linkage disequilibrium score regression suggested that, osteoarthritis, another degenerative disorder that shares common features with LDD, also showed genetic correlations with height, BMI and BMD. The findings suggest a common key contribution of biomechanical stress to the pathogenesis of LDD and will direct the future search for pleiotropic genes.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA