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1.
Environ Health Prev Med ; 26(1): 20, 2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33573606

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mounting evidence implicates an association between ambient air pollution and impaired reproductive potential of human. Our study aimed to assess the association between air pollution and ovarian reserve in young, infertile women. METHODS: Our study included 2276 Korean women who attended a single fertility center in 2016-2018. Women's exposure to air pollution was assessed using concentrations of particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and ozone (O3) that had been collected at 269 air quality monitoring sites. Exposure estimates were computed for 1, 3, 6, and 12 months prior to the ovarian reserve tests. Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) ratio (defined as an observed-to-expected AMH based on age) and low AMH (defined as < 0.5 ng/mL) were employed as indicators of ovarian reserve. We included a clustering effect of 177 districts in generalized estimating equations approach. A secondary analysis was conducted restricting the analyses to Seoul residents to examine the association in highly urbanized setting. RESULTS: The mean age was 36.6 ± 4.2 years and AMH level was 3.3 ± 3.1 ng/mL in the study population. Average AMH ratio was 0.8 ± 0.7 and low AMH was observed in 10.3% of women (n=235). The average concentration of six air pollutants was not different between the normal ovarian reserve and low AMH groups for all averaging periods. In multivariable models, an interquartile range (IQR)-increase in 1 month-average PM10 was associated with decrease in AMH ratio among total population (ß= -0.06, 95% confidence interval: -0.11, 0.00). When we restrict our analysis to those living in Seoul, IQR-increases in 1 and 12 month-average PM2.5 were associated with 3% (95% CI: -0.07, 0.00) and 10% (95% CI: -0.18, -0.01) decrease in AMH ratio. The ORs per IQR increase in the six air pollutants were close to null in total population and Seoul residents. CONCLUSIONS: In a cohort of infertile Korean women, there was a suggestive evidence of the negative association between ambient PM concentration and ovarian reserve, highlighting the potential adverse impact of air pollution on women's fertility.

2.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0240689, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33147280

RESUMO

With increased population and urban development, there are growing concerns regarding health impacts of environmental noise. We assessed the relationship between nighttime environmental noise and semen quality of men who visited for fertility evaluation. This is a retrospective cohort study of 1,972 male patient who had undertaken semen analysis between 2016-2018 at a single fertility center of Seoul, South Korea. We used environmental noise data of National Noise Information System (NNIS), Korea. Using semiannual nighttime noise measurement closest to the time of semen sampling, individual noise exposures at each patient's geocoded address were estimated with empirical Bayesian kriging method. We explored the association between environmental noise and semen quality indicators (volume, concentration, % of progressive motility, vitality, normal morphology, total motile sperm count, oligozoospermia, asthenozoospermia, and severe teratozoospermia) using multivariable regression and generalized additive models. Estimated exposure to nighttime environmental noise level in the study population was 58.3±2.2 Leq. Prevalence of oligozoospermia, asthenozoospermia, and severe teratozoospermia were 3.3%, 14.0%, and 10.1%. Highest quartile nighttime noise was associated with 3.5 times higher odds of oligozoospermia (95% CI: 1.18, 10.17) compared to lowest quartile. In men whose noise exposure is in 3rd quartile, odds ratio (OR) of severe teratozoospermia was 0.57 (95% CI: 0.33, 0.98). The OR for 4th quartile noise were toward null. In generalized additive model, the risk of oligozoospermia increases when the nighttime noise is 55 Leq dB or higher. Our study adds an evidence of potential impact of environmental noise on semen quality in men living in Seoul. Additional studies with more refined noise measurement will confirm the finding.

3.
Leuk Res ; 35(9): 1241-7, 2011 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21612823

RESUMO

The interaction between dendritic cells (DCs) and natural killer (NK) cells plays a key role in inducing DC maturation for subsequent T-cell priming. We investigated to generate potent DCs by stimulated with NK cells to induce myeloma-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). NK cells-stimulated-DCs exhibited high expression of costimulatory molecules and high production of IL-12p70. These DCs induce high potency of Th1 polarization and exhibit a high ability to generate myeloma-specific CTLs responses. These results suggest that functionally potent DCs can be generated by stimulation with NK cells and may provide an effective source of DC-based immunotherapy in multiple myeloma.


Assuntos
Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/fisiologia , Ativação Linfocitária/fisiologia , Mieloma Múltiplo/imunologia , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/imunologia , Polaridade Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Polaridade Celular/imunologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Citotoxicidade Imunológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Citotoxicidade Imunológica/fisiologia , Células Dendríticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Dendríticas/patologia , Células HL-60 , Humanos , Interferon Tipo I/farmacologia , Células K562 , Células Matadoras Naturais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/patologia , Ativação Linfocitária/efeitos dos fármacos , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Polidesoxirribonucleotídeos/farmacologia , Proteínas Recombinantes , Especificidade do Receptor de Antígeno de Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Especificidade do Receptor de Antígeno de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/patologia
4.
Asian J Androl ; 12(2): 215-20, 2010 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20037598

RESUMO

Prostatic calculi are common and are associated with inflammation of the prostate. Recently, it has been suggested that this inflammation may be associated with prostate carcinogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between prostatic calculi and prostate cancer (PCa) in prostate biopsy specimens. We retrospectively analyzed 417 consecutive patients who underwent transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) and prostate biopsies between January 2005 and January 2008. Based on the biopsy findings, patients were divided into benign prostatic hyperplasia and PCa groups. TRUS was used to detect prostatic calculi and to measure prostate volume. The correlations between PCa risk and age, serum total PSA levels, prostate volume, and prostatic calculi were analyzed. Patient age and PSA, as well as the frequency of prostatic calculi in the biopsy specimens, differed significantly between both the groups (P < 0.05). In the PCa group, the Gleason scores (GSs) were higher in patients with prostatic calculi than in patients without prostatic calculi (P = 0.023). Using multivariate logistic regression analysis, we found that patient age, serum total PSA and prostate volume were risk factors for PCa (P = 0.001), but that the presence of prostatic calculi was not associated with an increased risk of PCa (P = 0.13). In conclusion, although the presence of prostatic calculi was not shown to be a risk factor for PCa, prostatic calculi were more common in patients with PCa and were associated with a higher GS among these men.


Assuntos
Cálculos/patologia , Doenças Prostáticas/patologia , Idoso , Cálculos/complicações , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Prostáticas/complicações , Fatores de Risco
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