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1.
Int J Hematol ; 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052319

RESUMO

The impact of acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) on clinical outcomes was retrospectively analyzed in 960 patients with non-malignant diseases (NMD) who underwent a first allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Grade III-IV acute GVHD (but not grade I-II) was significantly associated with a lower rate of overall survival (OS), and higher non-relapse mortality (NRM) than that seen in patients without acute GVHD. Extensive (but not limited) GVHD was significantly associated with a lower OS rate and higher NRM than that seen in patients without chronic GVHD. Any grade of acute (but not chronic) GVHD was significantly associated with a lower incidence of relapse and a lower proportion of patients requiring a second HSCT or donor lymphocyte infusion for graft failure or mixed chimerism, but its impact on OS was almost negligible. Acute GVHD was significantly associated with lower OS rates in all disease groups, whereas chronic GVHD was significantly associated with lower OS rates in the primary immunodeficiency and histiocytosis groups. In conclusion, acute and chronic GVHD, even if mild, was associated with reduced OS in patients receiving HSCT for NMD and effective strategies should, therefore, be implemented to minimize GVHD.

2.
Clin Pediatr Endocrinol ; 28(4): 105-112, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666763

RESUMO

In addition to malignant diseases, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is also a vital option as a curative therapy for non-malignant diseases, such as immunodeficiency, and other hematological disorders. Not only for malignant diseases, but for non-malignant diseases, cytotoxic therapy of conditioning regimens are associated with high risks of adverse effects; however, clinical details regarding the long term outcomes of cytotoxic therapy for non-malignant diseases are not documented yet. To clarify the endocrinological consequences of pediatric HSCT for non-malignant disease patients, we conducted a retrospective analysis. From 1983 to 2014, 75 patients that underwent HSCT for non-malignant diseases were selected for this study. Of these, 23 patients (19 men, 4 women) were continuously followed up in our institute, with regular health check-ups for late effects. Based on a multiple linear regression analysis, the glucocorticoid treatment duration for chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) and the conditioning regimen were found to be independent predictors of growth retardation. All four female patients developed hypogonadism, and required hormone replacement therapy. The conditioning regimen for the four female patients with hypogonadism was based on the use of alkylating agents, and two female patients were treated with a reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimen. Our study revealed that even the RIC regimen was toxic for the gonads in female patients, and that the survivors of both non-malignant and malignant diseases should be followed up carefully after pediatric HSCT.

3.
Clin Immunol ; 208: 108256, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494288

RESUMO

Hereditary folate malabsorption (HFM) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by mutations in SLC46A1 encoding the proton-coupled folate transporter (PCFT). HFM patients present with various clinical features including megaloblastic anemia, thrombocytopenia, combined immunodeficiency and neurodevelopmental disorders. In this study, we report the same deep intronic mutation of c.1166-285 T > G shared by four unrelated Japanese patients with HFM. This mutation was shown to generate a cryptic splice donor site for a 168-bp insertion of intron 3 sequences, leading to premature termination in the middle of this insertion. This mutation could be a founder mutation in the Japanese population, but also could be a hot-spot and could be present in undiagnosed HFM patients worldwide because of the difficulty to detect this mutation.

4.
J Dermatol ; 46(11): 1019-1023, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31456262

RESUMO

Prominent dermal infiltration by Langerhans cells (LC) is a rare finding in patients with Omenn syndrome (OS). Here, we report the case study of a 7-month-old boy with OS and with prominent dermal infiltration by LC, which is a rare histological manifestation of the skin. Striking erythroderma appeared in the patient 2 weeks after birth. We also noted alopecia, lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, eosinophilia and an elevated serum immunoglobulin E level with hypogammaglobulinemia. Peripheral blood flow cytometry showed the Tlow NK+ B+ immunophenotype and genetic analysis, a novel mutation in the IL2RG gene (c.337_339delTCT, p.Ser113del). The final diagnosis was that of OS. He responded well to an allograft umbilical cord blood transplantation that was performed when the patient was 8 months of age. We speculate that the LC accumulated in the dermis will eventually migrate to the regional lymph node, then stimulate autoreactive T cells by overpresenting antigens, thus causing OS-specific skin symptoms.

6.
Pediatr Neurol ; 100: 60-66, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31272782

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ataxia telangiectasia is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by cerebellar ataxia, telangiectases, immune defects, and a predisposition to malignancy. Quality of life is severely impaired by neurological symptoms. However, curative options for the neurological symptoms are limited. Recent studies have demonstrated short-term improvement in neurological symptoms with betamethasone therapy. However, the long-term and adverse effects of betamethasone are unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term effects, benefits, and adverse effects of low-dose betamethasone in ataxia telangiectasia. METHODS: Six patients with ataxia telangiectasia received betamethasone at 0.02 mg/kg/day for two years. After cessation of betamethasone, the patients were observed for two additional years. Neurological assessments were performed, and adverse effects were monitored every three months throughout the four-year study period. RESULTS: Transient improvement of neurological symptom was observed in five of the six patients. However, after two years betamethasone treatment, only one of the six patients showed a slight improvement in the neurological score, one patient showed no change, and the neurological scores of the remaining four patients deteriorated. After the cessation of betamethasone treatment, neurological symptoms worsened in all patients. As an adverse effect of betamethasone, transient adrenal dysfunction was observed in all cases. CONCLUSIONS: Although these findings are in agreement with previous studies suggesting that short-term betamethasone treatment transiently benefits patients with ataxia telangiectasia, the long-term benefits and risks should be carefully considered.

7.
Int J Hematol ; 110(3): 364-369, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31187438

RESUMO

We analyzed the outcomes of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) and risk factors for chimerism in 108 patients with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) who were registered with The Japan Society for Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation between January 1985 and December 2016. A preparative conditioning regimen consisting of myeloablative conditioning (MAC) was provided to 76 patients, and reduced-intensity conditioning was provided to 30 patients. Fifty-one patients received prophylaxis against graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) with cyclosporine, and 51 patients received tacrolimus (Tac). Chimerism analyses had been performed in 91 patients. Neutrophil engraftment was achieved in 91 patients (84.3%). The engraftment rate was significantly higher in patients who received Tac for GVHD prophylaxis (p = 0.028). Overall survival rate (OS) was significantly higher in patients with complete chimerism than in patients with mixed chimerism (88.2 ± 6.1% and 66.7 ± 9.9%, respectively, p = 0.003). Multivariate analysis showed that the rate of complete chimerism in patients who received MAC including cyclophosphamide (CY) at a dose of 200 mg/kg was significantly higher (p = 0.021) than that in patients who received other conditioning. Thus, MAC including CY at a dose of 200 mg/kg and Tac for GVHD prophylaxis were optimal conditions of SCT for patients with WAS under existing study.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Quimeras de Transplante/sangue , Síndrome de Wiskott-Aldrich/sangue , Síndrome de Wiskott-Aldrich/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Clin Immunol ; 203: 9-13, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30951839

RESUMO

Immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked (IPEX) syndrome is one of the inborn errors of immunity, characterized by impaired function of the regulatory T cells. Clinical manifestations of IPEX syndrome are characterized by various autoimmune diseases with autoantibodies. The comprehensive analysis for autoantibodies using human proteome microarrays in the four patients with IPEX syndrome was performed. The numbers of the highly expressed autoantibody showing relative log2 ratios greater than 1 were 1876, 513, 234 and 831 (mean: 864), respectively. Some novel autoantibodies which could explain the phenotypes of patients, adrenal dysfunction, muscular hypotonia, afibrinogenemia, enteropathy and pancytopenia were identified. Various kinds of autoantibodies targeting testis-specific antigens were also identified. Human proteome microarray is a powerful tool to understand the pathophysiology of IPEX syndrome. The larger cohort analysis using this method will provide further understanding of the impaired immune tolerance in humans.

9.
Int J Hematol ; 109(5): 603-611, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30850927

RESUMO

X-Linked severe combined immunodeficiency (X-SCID) is a severe form of primary immunodeficiency characterized by absence of T cells and NK cells. X-SCID is caused by a loss-of-function mutation in the IL2RG gene that encodes common gamma chain (γc), which plays an essential role in lymphocyte development. We report the first case of hypomorphic X-SCID caused by a synonymous mutation in the IL2RG gene leading to a splice anomaly, in a family including two patients with diffuse cutaneous warts, recurrent molluscum contagiosum, and mild respiratory infections. The mutation caused aberrant splicing of IL2RG mRNA, subsequently resulted in reduced γc expression. The leaky production of normally spliced IL2RG mRNA produced undamaged protein; thus, T cells and NK cells were generated in the patients. Functional assays of the patients' T cells and NK cells revealed diminished cytokine response in the T cells and absent cytokine response in the NK cells. In addition, the TCR repertoire in these patients was limited. These data suggest that a fine balance between aberrant splicing and leaky production of normally spliced IL2RG mRNA resulted in late-onset combined immunodeficiency in these patients.


Assuntos
Subunidade gama Comum de Receptores de Interleucina , Mutação , Sítios de Splice de RNA , Processamento de RNA , Doenças por Imunodeficiência Combinada Ligada ao Cromossomo X/genética , Doenças por Imunodeficiência Combinada Ligada ao Cromossomo X/imunologia , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Subunidade gama Comum de Receptores de Interleucina/genética , Subunidade gama Comum de Receptores de Interleucina/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/patologia , Masculino , Processamento de RNA/genética , Processamento de RNA/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/patologia , Doenças por Imunodeficiência Combinada Ligada ao Cromossomo X/patologia
10.
Int J Hematol ; 109(4): 382-389, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30758723

RESUMO

Mutation in the gene encoding tRNA nucleotidyl transferase, CCA-adding 1 (TRNT1), an enzyme essential for the synthesis of the 3'-terminal CCA sequence in tRNA molecules, results in a disorder that features sideroblastic anemia, B-cell immunodeficiency, periodic fever, and developmental delay. Mutations in TRNT1 are also linked to phenotypes including retinitis pigmentosa, cataracts, and cardiomyopathy. To date, it has remained unclear how defective TRNT1 is linked to B-cell deficiency. Here we report the case of a 12-year-old boy without sideroblastic anemia who harbors novel compound heterozygous mutations in TRNT1. Immunophenotypic analysis revealed severely decreased levels of B cells and follicular helper T cells. In the bone marrow, B-cell maturation stopped at the CD19+CD10+CD20+/- pre-B-cell stage. Severe combined immunodeficiency mice transplanted with bone marrow hematopoietic stem cells from the patient showed largely normal B-cell engraftment and differentiation in the bone marrow and periphery at 24 weeks post-transplantation, comparable to those in mouse transplanted with healthy hematopoietic stem cells. Biochemical analysis revealed augmented endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response in activated T cells. Peripheral B-cell deficiency of TRNT1 deficiency may be associated with augmented ER stress in immature B cells in the bone marrow.


Assuntos
Heterozigoto , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência , Nucleotidiltransferases , Antígenos CD/sangue , Antígenos CD/genética , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Linfócitos B/patologia , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/patologia , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/sangue , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/patologia , Lactente , Masculino , Nucleotidiltransferases/genética , Nucleotidiltransferases/metabolismo , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/metabolismo , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/patologia
11.
Haematologica ; 104(10): 1962-1973, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30792206

RESUMO

Fanconi anemia is a rare recessive disease characterized by multiple congenital abnormalities, progressive bone marrow failure, and a predisposition to malignancies. It results from mutations in one of the 22 known FANC genes. The number of Japanese Fanconi anemia patients with a defined genetic diagnosis was relatively limited. In this study, we reveal the genetic subtyping and the characteristics of mutated FANC genes in Japan and clarify the genotype-phenotype correlations. We studied 117 Japanese patients and successfully subtyped 97% of the cases. FANCA and FANCG pathogenic variants accounted for the disease in 58% and 25% of Fanconi anemia patients, respectively. We identified one FANCA and two FANCG hot spot mutations, which are found at low percentages (0.04-0.1%) in the whole-genome reference panel of 3,554 Japanese individuals (Tohoku Medical Megabank). FANCB was the third most common complementation group and only one FANCC case was identified in our series. Based on the data from the Tohoku Medical Megabank, we estimate that approximately 2.6% of Japanese are carriers of disease-causing FANC gene variants, excluding missense mutations. This is the largest series of subtyped Japanese Fanconi anemia patients to date and the results will be useful for future clinical management.

12.
Front Pediatr ; 7: 15, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30778380

RESUMO

Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection (CAEBV) is an EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disease characterized by repeated or sustainable infectious mononucleosis (IM)-like symptoms. EBV is usually detected in B cells in patients who have IM or Burkitt's lymphoma and even in patients with X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome, which is confirmed to have vulnerability to EBV infection. In contrast, EBV infects T cells (CD4+ T, CD8+ T, and γδT) or NK cells mono- or oligoclonally in CAEBV patients. It is known that the CAEBV phenotypes differ depending on which cells are infected with EBV. CAEBV is postulated to be associated with a genetic immunological abnormality, although its cause remains undefined. Here we describe a case of EBV-related γδT-cell proliferation with underlying hypomorphic IL2RG mutation. The immunological phenotype consisted of γδT-cell proliferation in the peripheral blood. A presence of EBV-infected B cells and γδT cells mimicked γδT-cell-type CAEBV. Although the patient had normal expression of CD132 (common γ chain), the phosphorylation of STAT was partially defective, indicating impaired activation of the downstream signal of the JAK/STAT pathway. Although the patient was not diagnosed as having CAEBV, this observation shows that CAEBV might be associated with immunological abnormality.

14.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 54(8): 1227-1236, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30531957

RESUMO

Reduced-intensity conditioning is widely used with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for non-malignant diseases: however, the optimal conditioning to ensure stable engraftment has not been established. In this study, we retrospectively compared the impact of low-dose (1-6 Gy) irradiation and in vivo T-cell depletion on the clinical outcome of 523 patients with non-malignant disease who underwent a first allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation using fludarabine-based reduced-intensity conditioning. Use of low-dose irradiation, but not of anti-thymocyte globulin/anti-lymphocyte globulin, showed a beneficial effect on overall survival (adjusted hazard ratio: 0.56; 95% confidence interval: 0.35-0.91, P = 0.018). Furthermore, use of low-dose irradiation was strongly associated with lower transplant-related mortality (adjusted hazard ratio: 0.55; 95% confidence interval: 0.32-0.96, P = 0.034). The addition of low-dose irradiation to the conditioning regimen was beneficial, at least to the short-term clinical outcome. A large prospective study with long-term follow-up is now required to extend these findings and establish the optimal hematopoietic stem cell transplant conditioning for patients with at least some subgroups of non-malignant diseases.

15.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 143(1): 266-275, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29778502

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Activated phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase δ syndrome type 1 (APDS1) is a recently described primary immunodeficiency syndrome characterized by recurrent respiratory tract infections, lymphoid hyperplasia, and Herpesviridae infections caused by germline gain-of-function mutations of PIK3CD. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) can be considered to ameliorate progressive immunodeficiency and associated malignancy, but appropriate indications, methods, and outcomes of HSCT for APDS1 remain undefined. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to analyze the clinical manifestations, laboratory findings, prognosis, and treatment of APDS1 and explore appropriate indications and methods of HSCT. METHODS: We reviewed retrospectively the medical records of cohorts undergoing HSCT at collaborating facilities. RESULTS: Thirty-year overall survival was 86.1%, but event-free survival was 39.6%. Life-threatening events, such as severe infections or lymphoproliferation, were frequent in childhood and adolescence and were common indications for HSCT. Nine patients underwent HSCT with fludarabine-based reduced-intensity conditioning. Seven patients survived after frequent adverse complications and engraftment failure. Most symptoms improved after HSCT. CONCLUSION: Patients with APDS1 showed variable clinical manifestations. Life-threatening progressive combined immunodeficiency and massive lymphoproliferation were common indications for HSCT. Fludarabine-based reduced-intensity conditioning-HSCT ameliorated clinical symptoms, but transplantation-related complications were frequent, including graft failure.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos , Adolescente , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/imunologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/imunologia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/mortalidade , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/patologia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/terapia , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/imunologia , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/mortalidade , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/patologia , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/terapia , Masculino , Taxa de Sobrevida
16.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; 32(18): 3092-3096, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29614902

RESUMO

Immunoglobulin replacement therapy, including intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), is essential for pregnant women with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) since it prevents infection and improves the health of the newborn. There are no established IVIG treatment protocols for pregnant women with CVID, and the relationship between IVIG treatment and maternal serum IgG changes during pregnancy remains unclear. Therefore, we reviewed the medical charts of four CVID patients, including one receiving subcutaneous immunoglobulin (SCIG), for IVIG dose and frequency, maternal serum IgG changes, obstetrical findings, and perinatal outcomes. There were no serious infections but one abortion and all patients continued therapy without IVIG-related adverse events. All eight children born to the patients were healthy at one month. However, the IVIG efficiency in those with CVID significantly decreased with progression of the gestational period, suggesting that IVIG dose and frequency may be changed during pregnancy to maintain stable serum IgG trough levels in women with CVID.


Assuntos
Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum/tratamento farmacológico , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/administração & dosagem , Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Complicações na Gravidez/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Intravenosa , Adolescente , Adulto , Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Imunização Passiva/métodos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
17.
Brain Dev ; 41(2): 150-157, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30301590

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Defects in DNA damage responses or repair mechanisms cause numerous rare inherited diseases, referred to as "DNA-repair defects" or "DNA damage deficiency", characterized by neurodegeneration, immunodeficiency, and/or cancer predisposition. Early accurate diagnosis is important for informing appropriate clinical management; however, diagnosis is frequently challenging and can be delayed, due to phenotypic heterogeneity. Comprehensive genomic analysis could overcome this disadvantage. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) and A-T-like DNA-repair defects in Japan and to determine the utility of comprehensive genetic testing of presumptively diagnosed patients in facilitating early diagnosis. METHODS: A nationwide survey of diseases presumably caused by DNA-repair defects, including A-T, was performed. Additionally, comprehensive next-generation sequencing (NGS) analysis, targeting known disease-causing genes, was conducted. RESULTS: Sixty-three patients with A-T or other diseases with characteristics of DNA-repair defects were identified. Thirty-four patients were genetically or clinically definitively diagnosed with A-T (n = 22) or other DNA-repair defects (n = 12). Genetic analysis of 17 presumptively diagnosed patients revealed one case of ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 1 (AOA1); one ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 2 (AOA2); two types of autosomal dominant spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA5, SCA29); two CACNA1A-related ataxias; one microcephaly with or without chorioretinopathy, lymphedema, or mental retardation (MCLMR); and one autosomal dominant KIF1A-related disorder with intellectual deficit, cerebellar atrophy, spastic paraparesis, and optic nerve atrophy. The diagnostic yield was 58.8%. CONCLUSION: Comprehensive genetic analysis of targeted known disease-causing genes by NGS is a powerful diagnostic tool for subjects with indistinguishable neurological phenotypes resembling DNA-repair defects.


Assuntos
Ataxia Telangiectasia/epidemiologia , Ataxia Telangiectasia/genética , Distúrbios no Reparo do DNA/epidemiologia , Distúrbios no Reparo do DNA/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Ataxia Telangiectasia/diagnóstico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Distúrbios no Reparo do DNA/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30459818

RESUMO

Background: X-linked lymphoproliferative disease type 1 (XLP1) is a rare primary immune deficiency, which is caused by SH2D1A gene mutations. XLP1 is commonly associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, hypogammaglobulinemia, and/or lymphoma. The only curative treatment for XLP1 is allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. However, published data detailing the clinical course of, and indications for, allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation in asymptomatic patients with XLP1 is lacking. Although relevant family history could be useful in identifying patients with XLP1 before disease onset, no guidelines have been established on the management of asymptomatic patients with XLP1. Therefore, clinicians and families face dilemmas in balancing between the risk of waiting for the disease onset, and the risk of transplant-related mortality associated with allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation, which is often performed at a very young age. We first describe the detailed clinical course of an asymptomatic patient with XLP1 who successfully underwent allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. Case presentation: A boy was born at 39 weeks of gestation, weighing 3016 g at birth. He appeared fine, but he underwent genetic testing because his maternal cousin had XLP1. He was found to have a novel c.207_208insC (p.Pro70ProfsX4) mutation in exon 3 of SH2D1A, which was also found in his cousin. There was no HLA-identical donor in his family. Immunoglobulin was administered monthly to prevent EBV infection while searching for an alternative donor. He underwent allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) from an allele HLA 8/8 fully matched, unrelated donor with a reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimen consisting of fludarabine, melphalan, and low-dose total body irradiation (TBI) at 20 months of age. The patient has been doing well for 2 years post transplantation and maintaining complete donor chimerism without any evidence of chronic graft versus host disease. Conclusions: We describe a case of an asymptomatic patient with XLP1, who successfully underwent unrelated BMT with RIC regimen consisting of fludarabine, melphalan, and 3 Gy TBI. That was well tolerated and successfully generated complete chimerism in every subpopulation. This case delineates the option of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation even in asymptomatic patients with XLP1.

20.
Med Hypotheses ; 121: 36-41, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30396484

RESUMO

The disruption of adaptive immune response has adverse effects on the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy. The adaptive immune system is regulated by several types of immune cells. However, there is limited information about cell hierarchy in the adaptive immune response to the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy in women. The assessment of the outcome of pregnancy in primary immunodeficiency diseases could help in understanding the cell hierarchy in the adaptive immune system during pregnancy. Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a heterogeneous adaptive immune system disorder characterized by primary hypogammaglobulinemia. A few studies have previously reported the assessment of the T and B cell subpopulations in CVID patients. However, an assessment of the subpopulations of T and B cells and the outcome of pregnancy in women with CVID has not been reported till date. Most CVID patients show a general decrease in the expression of CD27 in B cells. The assessment of pregnancy and the subpopulations of T and B cells in CVID women with severe reduction in the naïve T and switched B cells could help understand whether these cells are essential for the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy in women.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/imunologia , Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum/imunologia , Switching de Imunoglobulina , Imunoglobulina D/imunologia , Memória Imunológica , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Membro 7 da Superfamília de Receptores de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/imunologia , Adulto , Agamaglobulinemia/imunologia , Linfócitos B/classificação , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Feminino , Sangue Fetal/imunologia , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/imunologia , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Linfócitos T Reguladores/citologia
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