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1.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(1): 51-60, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, MOSAICO - Saúde integrativa | ID: biblio-1145969

RESUMO

El extracto de cloroformo (CE) y las fracciones obtenidas de las raíces de Aldama arenaria se evaluaron para determinar su actividad antiproliferativa in vitro contra 10 líneas celulares tumorales humanas [leucemia (K-562), mama (MCF-7), ovario que expresa un fenotipo resistente a múltiples fármacos (NCI/ADR-RES), melanoma (UACC-62), pulmón (NCI-H460), próstata (PC-3), colon (HT29), ovario (OVCAR-3), glioma (U251) y riñón (786-0)]. CE presentó actividad antiproliferativa débil a moderada (log GI50 medio 1.07), mientras que las fracciones 3 y 4, enriquecidas con diterpenos de tipo pimarane [ent-pimara-8 (14), ácido 15-dien-19-oico y ent-8(14),15-pimaradien-3ß-ol], presentaron actividad moderada a potente para la mayoría de las líneas celulares, con un log GI50 medio de 0.62 y 0.59, respectivamente. Los resultados mostraron una acción antiproliferativa in vitro prometedora de las muestras obtenidas de A. arenaria, con los mejores resultados para NCI/ADR-RES, HT29 y OVCAR-3, y valores de TGI que van desde 5.95 a 28.71 µg.mL-1, demostrando que los compuestos de esta clase pueden ser prototipos potenciales para el descubrimiento de nuevos agentes terapéuticos.


Chloroform extract (CE) and fractions obtained from Aldama arenaria roots were evaluated for their in vitro antiproliferative activity against 10 human tumor cell lines [leukemia (K-562), breast (MCF-7), ovary expressing a multidrug-resistant phenotype (NCI/ADR-RES), melanoma (UACC-62), lung (NCI-H460), prostate (PC-3), colon (HT29), ovary (OVCAR-3), glioma (U251), and kidney (786-0)]. CE presented weak to moderate antiproliferative activity (mean log GI50 1.07), whereas fractions 3 and 4, enriched with pimarane-type diterpenes [ent-pimara-8(14),15-dien-19-oic acid and ent-8(14),15-pimaradien-3ß-ol], presented moderate to potent activity for most cell lines, with mean log GI50 of 0.62 and 0.59, respectively. The results showed promising in vitro antiproliferative action of the samples obtained from A. arenaria, with the best results for NCI/ADR-RES, HT29, and OVCAR-3, and TGI values ranging from 5.95 to 28.71 µg.mL-1, demonstrating that compounds of this class may be potential prototypes for the discovery of new therapeutic agents.


Assuntos
Humanos , Arenaria (Planta)/química , Antineoplásicos , Plantas Medicinais , Técnicas In Vitro , Brasil , Extratos Vegetais , Cromatografia , Medicina Tradicional
2.
Rev. bras. farmacogn ; 23(3): 441-446, May-June 2013. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-676275

RESUMO

The cytotoxicity of a hexanic fraction produced from the ethanolic crude extract, obtained from Jatropha ribifolia (Pohl) Baill, Euphorbiaceae, roots was evaluated against ten human cancer cell lines (MCF-7, NCI-ADR/RES, OVCAR-3, PC-3, HT-29, NCI-H460,786-O, UACC-62, K-562, U251) compared with doxorrubicine as positive control. Compounds jatrophone and cyperenoic acid were isolated from the hexanic extract and characterized by spectroscopic techniques (NMR of ¹H, 13C and IR). The in vitro antiproliferative activity of jatrophone showed selectivity in a concentration dependent way with Total Inhibition growth of: glioma 0.57 µg mL-1 (U251), breast cancer 9.2 µg mL-1 (MCF-7), adriamycin-resistant ovarian cancer 0.96 µg mL-1 (NCI-ADR/RES), kidney 4.2 µg mL-1 (786-0), prostate cancer 8.4 µg mL-1 (PC-3), colon cancer 16.1 µg mL-1 (HT29) and leukemia 0.21 µg mL-1 (K-562).

3.
Rev. bras. farmacogn ; 21(6): 978-985, Nov.-Dec. 2011. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-602293

RESUMO

Ipomoea imperati (Vahl) Griseb., Convolvulaceae, is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of inflammation, swelling and wounds, as well as to treat pains and stomach problems. This work evaluates the anti-oxidative activity by ESR (Electron Spin Resonance spectroscopy) and the preventive and curative actions of I. imperati in gastric ulcer animal model. Ipomoea imperati (200 mg/kg, p.o.) prevented the formation of gastric lesions in 78 percent (p<0.05) when compared with the negative control tween 80. Lanzoprazole, prevented in 85 percent the gastric lesions formation induced by ethanol (p<0.05). Therefore, the oral administration of I. imperati one hour before the ulcerogenic agent prevented the ulcer formation, conserving the citoprotection characteristics of the gastric mucosa and assuring the integrity of gastric glands and gastric fossets. The healing activity of I. imperati (200 mg/kg, p.o.) evaluated in chronic ulcer experiments induced by the acetic acid, was 72 percent (p<0.05). The positive control, ranitidine, healed 78 percent of the gastric lesions (p<0.05). The histological analysis confirmed the recovery of the mucosal layer and the muscle mucosal layer harmed by the acetic acid. Experiments in vitro with DPPH (2.2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) of anti-oxidative activity demonstrated that I. imperati presents an IC50 of 0.73±0.01 mg/mL.

4.
Rev. bras. farmacogn ; 20(2): 180-185, Apr.-May 2010. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-550013

RESUMO

Ipomoea imperati (Vahl) Griseb., Convolvulaceae, is used in folk medicine for the treatment of inflammation, swelling and wounds, as well as to treat pains after childbirth and for stomach problems. Administration of ethanol extract, lipid and aqueous fraction of I. imperati(300, 100 and 200 mg/kg) significantly inhibited the abdominal constriction in mice induced by acetic acid; increased the sleeping time evoked by pentobarbital sodium and showed a significant activity by inhibiting formalin-induced paw edema in mice. The same dose of I. imperatialso raised the pain of mice in the hot-plate test and increased the latency at all observation times. The pre-treatment of the animals with naloxone (5 mg/kg, i.p.) suggested the participation of the opioid system in the antinociceptive effect of Ipomoea imperati.


A espécie vegetal Ipomoea imperati (Vahl) Griseb., Convolvulaceae, é usada popularmente para tratar inflamação, inchaço e feridas, bem como para tratar dor após o parto e dor estomacal. A administração do extrato etanólico e das frações lipídica e aquosa de I. imperati(300, 100 e 200 mg/kg) inibiu significativamente as contrações abdominais em camundongo induzidas por ácido acético, aumentou o tempo de sono evocado por pentobarbital sódico e mostrou significativa atividade inibitória sobre o edema de pata de camundongo induzido por formalina. As mesmas doses de I. imperati(300, 100 e 200 mg/kg) também elevou a latência de todos os tempos observados no teste da placa quente. O pré-tratamento de animais com naloxona (5 mg/kg, i.p) sugere a participação do sistema opioide no efeito anti-nociceptivo de Ipomoea imperati.

6.
Ciênc. cult. (Säo Paulo) ; 48(4): 232-7, July-Aug. 1996. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-186387

RESUMO

In the formulation of working hypotheses based on ethnopharmacological information and publications, a rapid access to data is necessary. We present a microcomputer program especially designed for the organization of field data on traditional uses of medicinal plants (data bank 1) and related bibliographic reference (data bank 2). It was developed in Clipper language and turned into an independent executable through compilation, has many help screens (on-line), allows up to 100,000 entries in each data bank, changing and deletion of data, back-up copies, indexed and not indexed searches, and several possibilities of printing or listing data on the screen. Practical routines for the use of the program are presented, handling the existing 300 field work records and 1,000 references.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Bibliográficas , Plantas Medicinais , Software
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