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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 393-399, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892592

RESUMO

AIM: This study was performed to confirm the superior overall survival (OS) after pulmonary oligo-recurrence compared to pulmonary sync-oligometastases in a large nationwide study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients that met the following criteria were included: 1 to 5 lung-only metastases at the beginning of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) was performed between January 2004 and June 2015, and the biological effective dose (BED) of SBRT was 75 Gy or more. The parameters included in the analyses were age, gender, ECOG PS, primary lesion, pathology, oligoetastatic state, SBRT date, chemotherapy before SBRT, chemotherapy concurrent SBRT, chemotherapy after SBRT, maximum tumor diameter, number of metastases, field coplanarity, dose prescription, BED10, OTT of SBRT. RESULTS: In total, 1,378 patients with 1,547 tumors were enrolled. Oligo-recurrence occurred in 1,016 patients, sync-oligometastases in 118, and unclassified oligometastases in 121. The three-year OS was 64.0% for oligo-recurrence and 47.5% for sync-oligometastasis (p<0.001). In the multivariate analysis, the hazard ratio (HR) for sync-oligometastases versus oligo-recurrence was 1.601 (p=0.014). Adverse events of Grade 5 were occurred in 3 patients. CONCLUSION: This is the first nationwide to indicate that the OS of patients with pulmonary oligo-recurrence is better than that of patients with sync-oligometastases.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Radiocirurgia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Adulto Jovem
2.
J Appl Clin Med Phys ; 21(2): 38-49, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31886616

RESUMO

We developed a synchrotron-based real-time-image gated-spot-scanning proton-beam therapy (RGPT) system and utilized it to clinically operate on moving tumors in the liver, pancreas, lung, and prostate. When the spot-scanning technique is linked to gating, the beam delivery time with gating can increase, compared to that without gating. We aim to clarify whether the total treatment process can be performed within approximately 30 min (the general time per session in several proton therapy facilities), even for gated-spot-scanning proton-beam delivery with implanted fiducial markers. Data from 152 patients, corresponding to 201 treatment plans and 3577 sessions executed from October 2016 to June 2018, were included in this study. To estimate the treatment process time, we utilized data from proton beam delivery logs during the treatment for each patient. We retrieved data, such as the disease site, total target volume, field size at the isocenter, and the number of layers and spots for each field, from the treatment plans. We quantitatively analyzed the treatment process, which includes the patient load (or setup), bone matching, marker matching, beam delivery, patient unload, and equipment setup, using the data obtained from the log data. Among all the cases, 90 patients used the RGPT system (liver: n = 34; pancreas: n = 5; lung: n = 4; and prostate: n = 47). The mean and standard deviation (SD) of the total treatment process time for the RGPT system was 30.3 ± 7.4 min, while it was 25.9 ± 7.5 min for those without gating treatment, excluding craniospinal irradiation (CSI; head and neck: n = 16, pediatric: n = 31, others: n = 15); for CSI (n = 11) with two or three isocenters, the process time was 59.9 ± 13.9 min. Our results demonstrate that spot-scanning proton therapy with a gating function can be achieved in approximately 30-min time slots.

3.
EJNMMI Res ; 9(1): 104, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802264

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigated the prognostic predictive value of the combination of fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)- and fluoromisonidazole (FMISO)-PET in patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) treated with stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We prospectively examined patients with pathologically proven NSCLC; all underwent FDG and FMISO PET/CT scans before SBRT. PET images were acquired using a whole-body time-of-flight PET-CT scanner with respiratory gating. We classified them into recurrent and non-recurrent groups based on their clinical follow-ups and compared the groups' tumor diameters and PET parameters (i.e., maximum of the standardized uptake value (SUVmax), metabolic tumor volume, tumor-to-muscle ratio, and tumor-to-blood ratio). We performed univariate analysis to evaluate the impact of the PET variables on the patients' progression-free survival (PFS). We divided the patients by thresholds of FDG SUVmax and FMISO SUVmax obtained from receiver operating characteristic analysis for assessment of recurrence rate and PFS. RESULTS: Thirty-two NSCLC patients (19 male and 13 females; median age, 83 years) were enrolled. All received SBRT. At the study endpoint, 23 patients (71.9%) were non-recurrent and nine patients (28.1%) had recurrent disease. Significant between-group differences were observed in tumor diameter and all the PET parameters, demonstrating that those were significant predictors of the recurrence in all patients. In the 22 patients with tumors > 2 cm, tumor diameter and FDG SUVmax were not significant predictors. Thirty-two patients were divided into three patterns from the thresholds of FDG SUVmax (6.81) and FMISO SUVmax (1.89); A, low FDG and low FMISO (n = 14); B, high FDG and low FMISO (n = 8); C, high FDG and high FMISO (n = 10). No pattern A patient experienced tumor recurrence, whereas two pattern B patients (25%) and seven pattern C patients (70%) exhibited recurrence. A Kaplan-Meier analysis of all patients revealed a significant difference in PFS between patterns A and B (p = 0.013) and between patterns A and C (p < 0.001). In the tumors > 2 cm patients, significant differences in PFS were demonstrated between pattern A and C patients (p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: The combination of FDG- and FMISO-PET can identify patients with a baseline risk of recurrence and indicate whether additional therapy might be performed to improve survival.

4.
Int J Emerg Med ; 12(1): 23, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31455204

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE), the D-dimer threshold is based on studies conducted in Western countries, where the incidence rate is 5 times higher than that in Asian countries, including Japan. If we could elevate the D-dimer threshold based on the low pre-test probability in the Japanese population, we could omit the computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) which might lead to radiation exposure and contrast-induced nephropathy. Therefore, we aimed to determine a new D-dimer threshold specific to Japanese individuals. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study at an emergency department in Japan, using medical charts collected from January 2013 to July 2017. We included patients whose D-dimer were measured for suspicion of PE with low or intermediate probability of PE and CTPA were performed. The primary outcome was failure rate of the new D-dimer threshold, defined as the rate of PE detected by CTPA among patients with D-dimer under the new threshold ranging from 1000 to 1500 µg/L by 100. The new D-dimer threshold was appropriate if the upper limit of 95% confidence interval of the failure rate of PE was approximately 3%. RESULTS: In 395 patients included, the number of patients with PE was 24 (the prevalence was 6.1%). If the D-dimer threshold was 1100 µg/L, the failure rate was 0% (0/119), the upper limit of the 95% confidence interval of the failure rate was 3.1%, and 30% (119/395) of the CTPA might be omitted. CONCLUSION: The new D-dimer threshold could safely exclude PE. This result can be generalized to other Asian populations with a lower incidence of PE. Further prospective studies will be needed.

5.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 17: 1533033818809983, 2018 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30407123

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Precise local radiotherapy for adrenal metastasis can prolong the useful life of patients with oligometastasis. The aim of this retrospective, 2-center study was to establish the safety and effectiveness of real-time tumor-tracking radiotherapy and general stereotactic body radiotherapy in treating patients with adrenal metastatic tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen lesions in 12 patients were treated with real-time tumor-tracking radiotherapy (48 Gy in 8 fractions over 2 weeks) and 8 lesions in 8 patients were treated with general stereotactic body radiotherapy (40-50 Gy in 5-8 fractions over 2 weeks or 60-70 Gy in 10 fractions over 2 weeks). Overall survival rates, local control rates, and adverse effects were analyzed. RESULTS: The actuarial overall survival rates for all patients at 1 and 2 years were 78.5% and 45.8%, respectively, with a median follow-up of 17.5 months, and the actuarial local control rates for all tumors at 1 and 2 years were 91.7% and 53.0%, respectively, with a median follow-up of 9 months. A complete local tumor response was obtained in 3 tumors treated by real-time tumor-tracking radiotherapy (lung adenocarcinomas with diameters of 35, 40, and 60 mm). There was a statistically significant difference in the local control between the groups treated by real-time tumor-tracking radiotherapy (100% at 1 year) and general stereotactic body radiotherapy (50% at 1 year; P < .001). No late adverse reactions at Grade 2 or higher were reported for either treatment group. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that although both treatments are safe and effective, the real-time tumor-tracking radiotherapy is more effective than general stereotactic body radiotherapy in local control for adrenal metastasis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/patologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/radioterapia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/secundário , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
6.
Lung Cancer ; 122: 107-112, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30032817

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Even with advanced image guidance, biopsies occasionally fail to diagnose small lung lesions, which are highly suggestive of primary lung cancer by radiological examination. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) to treat small lung lesions clinically diagnosed as primary lung cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective, multi-institutional observation study. Strict inclusion and exclusion criteria were determined in a nation-wide consensus meeting and used to include patients who were clinically diagnosed with primary lung cancer using precise imaging modalities, for whom further surgical intervention was not feasible, who refused watchful waiting, and who were highly tolerable of SBRT with informed consent. SBRT was performed with 48 Gy in 4 fractions at the tumor isocenter. RESULTS: From August 2009 to August 2014, 62 patients from 11 institutions were enrolled. Their median age was 80 years. The tumors ranged in size from 9 to 30 mm in diameter (median, 18 mm). The median follow-up interval was 55 months. The 3-year overall survival rate was 83.3% (95% confidence interval (CI) 71.1-90.7%) for all the patients and 94.7% (95% CI 68.1-99.2%) for the patients younger than 75 years. Local failure, regional lymph node metastases and distant metastases occurred in 4 (6.4%), 3 (4.8%) and 11 (17.7%) patients, respectively. Grades 3 and 4 toxicities were observed in 8 (12.9%) patients and 1 (1.6%) patient, respectively. No grade 5 toxicities were observed. CONCLUSIONS: SBRT is safe and effective for patients with small lung lesions clinically diagnosed as primary lung cancer that satisfied the proposed strict indication criteria as previously reported. A prospective interventional study is required to ascertain if SBRT is an alternative strategy for these patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Radiografia , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Am J Emerg Med ; 36(4): 673-676, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29289398

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Acute alcohol intoxication is often treated in emergency departments by intravenous crystalloid fluid (IVF), but it is not clear that this shortens the time to achieving sobriety. The study aim was to investigate the association of IVF infusion and length of stay in the ED. METHODS: This single-center retrospective cohort study was conducted in Japan and included patients aged ≥20years of age and treated for acute alcohol intoxication without or with IVF. The primary outcome was the length of the ED stay and the treatments were compared by time-to-event analysis. RESULTS: A total of 106 patients, 42 treated without IVF and 64 with IVF. The baseline characteristics of the two groups were similar. Kaplan-Meier analysis and the generalized Wilcoxon test found no significant difference between the two treatments in the time to ED discharge. The median time was 189 (IQR 160-230) minutes without IVF and 254.5 (203-267 minutes with IVF; p=0.052). A Cox proportional hazards regression model adjusted for potential confounding variables found that patients treated with IVF were less likely to be discharged earlier than those treated without IVF (HR 0.54, 95% CI: 0.35-0.84, p=0.006). CONCLUSIONS: IVF for treatment of acute alcoholic intoxication prolonged ED length of stay even after adjustment for potential confounders. Patients given IVF for acute alcohol intoxication should be selected with care.


Assuntos
Intoxicação Alcoólica/terapia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Soluções Isotônicas/administração & dosagem , Soluções para Reidratação/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Intoxicação Alcoólica/metabolismo , Concentração Alcoólica no Sangue , Soluções Cristaloides , Etanol/metabolismo , Feminino , Absorção Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
8.
J Radiat Res ; 59(suppl_1): i63-i71, 2018 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29309691

RESUMO

This is a report of a single-institution prospective study evaluating the safety of a spot-scanning dedicated, small 360-degree gantry, synchrotron-based proton beam therapy (PBT) system. Data collection was performed for 56 patients with 59 treatment sites who received proton beam therapy at Hokkaido University Hospital between March 2014 and July 2015. Forty-one patients were male and 15 were female. The median age was 66 years. The primary lesion sites were prostate (n = 17), bone/soft tissue (n = 10), liver (n = 7), lung (n = 6), central nervous system (n = 5), colon (n = 2), pancreas (n = 2), kidney (n = 2) and others (n = 5). Chemotherapy was administered in 11 patients. The prescribed total dose was from 20 to 76 GyE (Radiobiological equivalent dose, RBE = 1.1), with the median dose of 65 GyE in 4 to 35 fractions. No PBT-related Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Grade 4 or 5 toxicities were observed; the incidence of early PBT-related Grade 4 adverse events was 0% (95% confidence interval 0 to 6.38%). The most common Grade 3 toxicities were hematologic toxicity (12.5%) unlikely to be related to the PBT. One patient developed a left femoral neck fracture (Grade 3) at 14.5 months after PBT for chondrosarcoma of the left pelvis. The pathological findings showed no other malignancies, suggesting that it was possibly related to the PBT. In conclusion, the spot-scanning dedicated, synchrotron-based PBT system is feasible, but further studies on its long-term safety and efficacy are warranted.


Assuntos
Terapia com Prótons/efeitos adversos , Síncrotrons , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Demografia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
9.
PLoS One ; 12(5): e0177303, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28510606

RESUMO

We performed post-marketing surveillance to evaluate the safety and efficacy of cell-free and concentrated ascites reinfusion therapy (CART). In total, 356 CART sessions in 147 patients at 22 centers were performed. The most common primary disease was cancer (128 cases, 300 sessions). Mean amount of ascites collected was 3.7 L, and mean concentration ratio was 9.2. Mean amount of reinfused protein was 67.8 g (recovery rate, 72.0%). Performance status, dietary intake, urine volume, body weight and abdominal circumference were significantly improved after CART. Body temperature increased significantly, by 0.3°C on average. Concomitant steroids and/or NSAIDs use before reinfusion was significantly and negatively associated with increases in body temperature. Most adverse events were fever and chills. This study examined a large number of patients compared with previous studies, and showed that CART is an effective and relatively safe treatment for refractory ascites, such as malignant ascites.


Assuntos
Ascite/patologia , Ascite/terapia , Líquido Ascítico/patologia , Hidratação/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ascite/etiologia , Pressão Sanguínea , Temperatura Corporal , Feminino , Hidratação/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Infusões Parenterais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vigilância de Produtos Comercializados , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
10.
Radiat Oncol ; 12(1): 3, 2017 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28057036

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical outcomes of stage I and IIA non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) using a real-time tumor-tracking radiotherapy (RTRT) system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patterns-of-care in SBRT using RTRT for histologically proven, peripherally located, stage I and IIA NSCLC was retrospectively investigated in four institutions by an identical clinical report format. Patterns-of-outcomes was also investigated in the same manner. RESULTS: From September 2000 to April 2012, 283 patients with 286 tumors were identified. The median age was 78 years (52-90) and the maximum tumor diameters were 9 to 65 mm with a median of 24 mm. The calculated biologically effective dose (10) at the isocenter using the linear-quadratic model was from 66 Gy to 126 Gy with a median of 106 Gy. With a median follow-up period of 28 months (range 0-127), the overall survival rate for the entire group, for stage IA, and for stage IB + IIA was 75%, 79%, and 65% at 2 years, and 64%, 70%, and 50% at 3 years, respectively. In the multivariate analysis, the favorable predictive factor was female for overall survival. There were no differences between the clinical outcomes at the four institutions. Grade 2, 3, 4, and 5 radiation pneumonitis was experienced by 29 (10.2%), 9 (3.2%), 0, and 0 patients. The subgroup analyses revealed that compared to margins from gross tumor volume (GTV) to planning target volume (PTV) ≥ 10 mm, margins < 10 mm did not worsen the overall survival and local control rates, while reducing the risk of radiation pneumonitis. CONCLUSIONS: This multi-institutional retrospective study showed that the results were consistent with the recent patterns-of-care and patterns-of-outcome analysis of SBRT. A prospective study will be required to evaluate SBRT using a RTRT system with margins from GTV to PTV < 10mm.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Sistemas de Computação , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Radiocirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Feminino , Marcadores Fiduciais , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
11.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 97(1): 173-181, 2017 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27856039

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effectiveness of real-time-image gated proton beam therapy for lung tumors and to establish a suitable size for the gating window (GW). METHODS AND MATERIALS: A proton beam gated by a fiducial marker entering a preassigned GW (as monitored by 2 fluoroscopy units) was used with 7 lung cancer patients. Seven treatment plans were generated: real-time-image gated proton beam therapy with GW sizes of ±1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 8 mm and free-breathing proton therapy. The prescribed dose was 70 Gy (relative biological effectiveness)/10 fractions to 99% of the target. Each of the 3-dimensional marker positions in the time series was associated with the appropriate 4-dimensional computed tomography phase. The 4-dimensional dose calculations were performed. The dose distribution in each respiratory phase was deformed into the end-exhale computed tomography image. The D99 and D5 to D95 of the clinical target volume scaled by the prescribed dose with criteria of D99 >95% and D5 to D95 <5%, V20 for the normal lung, and treatment times were evaluated. RESULTS: Gating windows ≤ ±2 mm fulfilled the CTV criteria for all patients (whereas the criteria were not always met for GWs ≥ ±3 mm) and gave an average reduction in V20 of more than 17.2% relative to free-breathing proton therapy (whereas GWs ≥ ±4 mm resulted in similar or increased V20). The average (maximum) irradiation times were 384 seconds (818 seconds) for the ±1-mm GW, but less than 226 seconds (292 seconds) for the ±2-mm GW. The maximum increased considerably at ±1-mm GW. CONCLUSION: Real-time-image gated proton beam therapy with a GW of ±2 mm was demonstrated to be suitable, providing good dose distribution without greatly extending treatment time.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Marcadores Fiduciais , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Terapia com Prótons/métodos , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada Quadridimensional/métodos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Movimento , Terapia com Prótons/instrumentação , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Respiração , Treinamento por Simulação/métodos , Fatores de Tempo
12.
BMC Cancer ; 16(1): 659, 2016 08 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27542716

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the prognostic value of oligo-recurrence in patients with brain-only oligometastases of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) or stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT). METHODS: Patients treated with SRS or SRT for brain-only NSCLC oligometastases in 6 high-volume institutions in Japan between 1996 and 2008 were reviewed. Eligible patients met 1), 2), and 4) or 1), 3), and 4) of the following: 1) NSCLC with 1 to 4 brain metastases on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) treated with SRS or SRT; 2) control of the primary lesions (thorax) at the time of SRS or SRT for brain metastases (patients meeting this criterion formed the oligo-recurrence group); 3) with SRS or SRT for brain metastases, concomitant treatment for active primary lesions (thorax) with curative surgery or curative stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT), or curative chemoradiotherapy (sync-oligometastases group); and 4) Karnofsky performance status (KPS) ≥70. RESULTS: The median overall survival (OS) of all 61 patients was 26 months (95 % CI: 17.5-34.5 months). The 2-year and 5-year overall survival rates were 60.7 and 15.7 %, respectively. Stratified by oligostatus, the sync-oligometastases group achieved a median OS of 18 months (95 % CI: 14.8-21.1 months) and a 5-year OS of 0 %, while the oligo-recurrence group achieved a median OS of 41 months (95 % CI: 27.8-54.2 months) and a 5-year OS of 18.6 %. On multivariate analysis, oligo-recurrence was the only significant independent factor related to a favorable prognosis (hazard ratio: 0.253 (95 % CI: 0.082-0.043) (p = 0.025). CONCLUSIONS: The presence of oligo-recurrence can predict a favorable prognosis of brain-only oligometastases in patients with NSCLC treated with SRS or SRT.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Irradiação Craniana/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
13.
Phys Med ; 32(2): 305-11, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26944253

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We investigated the usefulness of four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) performed before stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in determining the internal margins for peripheral lung tumors. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The amplitude of the movement of a fiducial marker near a lung tumor measured using the maximum intensity projection (MIP) method in 4DCT imaging was acquired before the SBRT (AmpCT) and compared with the mean amplitude of the marker movement during SBRT (Ampmean) and with the maximum amplitude of the marker movement during SBRT (Ampmax) using a real-time tumor-tracking radiotherapy (RTRT) system with 22 patients. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the means of the Ampmean and the means of the AmpCT in all directions (LR, P = 0.45; CC, P = 0.80; AP, P = 0.65). The means of the Ampmax were significantly larger than the means of the AmpCT in all directions (LR, P < 0.01; CC, P = 0.03; AP, P < 0.01). In the lower lobe, the mean difference of the AmpCT from the mean of the Ampmax was 5.7 ± 8.0 mm, 12.5 ± 16.7 mm, and 6.8 ± 8.5 mm in the LR, CC, and AP directions, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Acquiring 4DCT MIP images before the SBRT treatment is useful to establish the mean amplitude for a patient during SBRT but it underestimates the maximum amplitude during actual SBRT. Caution must be paid to determine the margin with the 4DCT especially for tumors at the lower lobe where it is of the potentially greatest benefit.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada Quadridimensional , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Movimento , Radiocirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Marcadores Fiduciais , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Respiração , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 94(1): 172-180, 2016 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26700711

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the frequency and amplitude of baseline shift or drift (shift/drift) of lung tumors in stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT), using a real-time tumor-tracking radiation therapy (RTRT) system. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Sixty-eight patients with peripheral lung tumors were treated with SBRT using the RTRT system. One of the fiducial markers implanted near the tumor was used for the real-time monitoring of the intrafractional tumor motion every 0.033 seconds by the RTRT system. When baseline shift/drift is determined by the system, the position of the treatment couch is adjusted to compensate for the shift/drift. Therefore, the changes in the couch position correspond to the baseline shift/drift in the tumor motion. The frequency and amount of adjustment to the couch positions in the left-right (LR), cranio-caudal (CC), and antero-posterior (AP) directions have been analyzed for 335 fractions administered to 68 patients. RESULTS: The average change in position of the treatment couch during the treatment time was 0.45 ± 2.23 mm (mean ± standard deviation), -1.65 ± 5.95 mm, and 1.50 ± 2.54 mm in the LR, CC, and AP directions, respectively. Overall the baseline shift/drift occurs toward the cranial and posterior directions. The incidence of baseline shift/drift exceeding 3 mm was 6.0%, 15.5%, 14.0%, and 42.1% for the LR, CC, AP, and for the square-root of sum of 3 directions, respectively, within 10 minutes of the start of treatment, and 23.0%, 37.6%, 32.5%, and 71.6% within 30 minutes. CONCLUSIONS: Real-time monitoring and frequent adjustments of the couch position and/or adding appropriate margins are suggested to be essential to compensate for possible underdosages due to baseline shift/drift in SBRT for lung cancers.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Movimento , Posicionamento do Paciente/instrumentação , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Sistemas de Computação , Fracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Marcadores Fiduciais , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Posicionamento do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Radiocirurgia/instrumentação , Erros de Configuração em Radioterapia/prevenção & controle , Respiração , Fatores de Tempo
15.
Radiol Phys Technol ; 7(2): 284-9, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24643842

RESUMO

Our purpose in this study was to evaluate the variation in calculated doses caused by respiration in stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) of the lung. The study targeted ten patients who underwent SBRT for lung tumors. CT images were acquired during free breathing and in the inhalation and exhalation phases. We compared the CT image at inhalation with the image at exhalation so as to measure the change in lung volume, variation in the CT value, and displacement of the chest wall. The lung volume change was shown to be correlated with the maximum of the chest wall motion and with the variation in the CT value. A statistically significant difference was observed in the CT values between inhalation and exhalation (p < 0.05). The total dose variation at the isocenter was confined within ±2 %. However, the dose from individual beams can vary significantly when the chest wall moves more than 10 mm in natural breathing.


Assuntos
Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Pulmão/cirurgia , Doses de Radiação , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Respiração , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Movimento , Tamanho do Órgão , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
16.
Radiat Oncol ; 8: 185, 2013 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23879876

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In-room cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT) imaging is a promising method to reduce setup errors, especially in organs such as the bladder that often have large intrafractional variations due to organ movement. CBCT image quality is limited by low contrast and imaging artifacts, but few data have been reported about inter-observer variability of bladder boundary delineation on CBCT. The aim of this work was to analyze and evaluate the inter-observer contouring uncertainties of bladder boundary delineation on CBCT images in a prospective fashion. METHODS: Five radiation oncologists contoured 10 bladders using the CBCT datasets of consecutive 10 patients (including 4 females) who were irradiated to the pelvic region. Prostates were also contoured in male patients. Patients who had had prostatectomy were excluded. The coefficient of variation (COV), conformity index (CI(gen)), and coordinates of center-of-mass (COM) of the bladder and prostate were calculated for each patient. RESULTS: The mean COV for the bladder and prostate was 0.08 and 0.20, respectively. The mean CI(gen) of the bladder and prostate was 0.81 and 0.66, respectively. The root mean square (RMS) of the inter-observer standard deviation (σ) of the COM displacement in the left-right (LR) and anterior-posterior (AP) direction was 0.79, 0.87 and 0.54 for the bladder and 0.63, 0.99 and 1.72 for the prostate. Regarding the mean COV and CI(gen) for the bladder, the differences between males and females were not significant. CONCLUSIONS: Inter-observer variability for bladder delineation on CBCT images was substantially small regardless of gender. We believe that our results support the applicability of CBCT in adaptive radiotherapy for bladder cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico por imagem , Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/radioterapia , Feminino , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Masculino , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/radioterapia
17.
Radiat Oncol ; 8: 69, 2013 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23518013

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To clarify the clinical outcomes of two dose schedule of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) using a real-time tumor-tracking radiation therapy (RTRT) system in single institution. METHODS: Using a superposition algorithm, we administered 48 Gy in 4 fractions at the isocenter in 2005-2006 and 40 Gy in 4 fractions to the 95% volume of PTV in 2007-2010 with a treatment period of 4 to 7 days. Target volume margins were fixed irrespective of the tumor amplitude. RESULTS: In total, 109 patients (79 T1N0M0 and 30 T2N0M0). With a median follow-up period of 25 months (range, 4 to 72 months), the 5-year local control rate (LC) was 78% and the 5-year overall survival rate (OS) was 64%. Grade 2, 3, 4, and 5 radiation pneumonitis (RP) was experienced by 15 (13.8%), 3 (2.8%), 0, and 0 patients, respectively. The mean lung dose (MLD) and the volume of lung receiving 20 Gy (V20) were significantly higher in patients with RP Grade 2/3 than in those with RP Grade 0/1 (MLD p = 0.002, V20 p = 0.003). There was no correlation between larger maximum amplitude of marker movement and larger PTV (r = 0.137), MLD (r = 0.046), or V20 (r = 0.158). CONCLUSIONS: SBRT using the RTRT system achieved LC and OS comparable to other SBRT studies with very low incidence of RP, which was consistent with the small MLD and V20 irrespective of tumor amplitude. For stage I NSCLC, SBRT using RTRT was suggested to be reliable and effective, especially for patients with large amplitude of tumor movement.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Sistemas de Computação , Fracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador/instrumentação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carga Tumoral/efeitos da radiação
18.
Pulm Med ; 2012: 369820, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22848816

RESUMO

We retrospectively evaluated the clinical outcomes of patients with oligometastatic lung tumors who underwent stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). Twenty-two patients with one or two oligometastatic lung tumors were treated with SBRT at our institution between 1999 and 2009. With a median follow-up period of 25 months from the date of SBRT to the detection of oligometastatic lung tumors, the patients' 3- and 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 72% and 54%, respectively. The median disease-free interval (DFI) between the treatment of the primary site and SBRT to oligometastatic lung tumors was 41 months. The OS of patients with a DFI ≥ 36 months was significantly longer than that of the patients with a DFI < 36 months by the log-rank test (P = 0.02). For patients with a DFI ≥ 36 months, the 3- and 5-year OS rates were both 88%, compared to 50% for the patients with a DFI < 36 months. The primary tumor of all patients was locally controlled when SBRT to oligometastatic lung tumors was performed, and thus they were in the state of "oligo-recurrence." Patients with oligometastatic lung lesions treated by SBRT had good prognoses. This was especially true of the patients with a long DFI and in the state of "oligo-recurrence."

19.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 27 Suppl 3: 108-11, 2012 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22486882

RESUMO

In 2008, a 44-year-old woman with mild epigastralgia diagnosed as having Helicobacter pylori-positive chronic gastritis without peptic ulcer underwent eradication therapy with lansoprazole (LPZ), amoxicillin (AMPC) and clarithromycin (CAM) for 7 days, but it failed, so treatment with rabeprazole, AMPC, and metronidazole (MNZ) for another 7 days was given, but it also failed. She was then prescribed a modified, 14-day sequential therapy of LPZ and AMPC with an increased dose of CAM followed by MNZ supplement, but the infection was still not eradicated. The H. pylori was cultured and examined for antibiotic susceptibility with the agar dilution method and was found to be resistant to CAM, MNZ, and levofloxacin, and non-sensitive to AMPC, namely multiple-antibiotic-resistant, although sensitive to minocycline. The CYP2C19 genotype of the patient was an extensive metabolizer (G681A: G/A, G636A: G/G). In 2010, she gave informed consent for a 14-day, tailor-made, modified classical (or modified high-dose PPI + AMPC) quadruple therapy comprising 30 mg LPZ, 500 mg AMPC and 500 mg bismuth subnitrate, qid, and 100 mg minocycline, bid. Two months later, her urea breath test was negative. Histology and bacterial culture were still negative 1 year after the therapy. She did not have any adverse events during or after the novel therapy, nor did she feel any further epigastralgia.


Assuntos
Antiácidos/administração & dosagem , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Gastrite/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Helicobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Helicobacter pylori/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/administração & dosagem , 2-Piridinilmetilsulfinilbenzimidazóis/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Amoxicilina/administração & dosagem , Antiácidos/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Hidrocarboneto de Aril Hidroxilases/genética , Hidrocarboneto de Aril Hidroxilases/metabolismo , Bismuto/administração & dosagem , Testes Respiratórios , Citocromo P-450 CYP2C19 , Esquema de Medicação , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Gastrite/diagnóstico , Gastrite/genética , Gastrite/microbiologia , Genótipo , Infecções por Helicobacter/diagnóstico , Infecções por Helicobacter/genética , Infecções por Helicobacter/microbiologia , Helicobacter pylori/patogenicidade , Humanos , Lansoprazol , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Minociclina/administração & dosagem , Fenótipo , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Lung Cancer ; 74(2): 248-52, 2011 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21397973

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Although paclitaxel with carboplatin and thoracic radiotherapy has improved survival for patients with locally advanced unresectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the optimal dose of paclitaxel has not been well defined in Japan. This study was conducted to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended dose (RD) of paclitaxel in combination with carboplatin and concurrent real-time tumor-tracking thoracic radiation therapy (thoracic RTRT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Previously untreated patients with histologically confirmed, locally advanced unresectable NSCLC were eligible. Before treatment, gold markers were inserted into the lung and the mediastinum of all patients. RTRT comprised a total of 66 Gy at 2 Gy/fraction, 5 days/week, for 7 weeks. Patients received paclitaxel at a starting dose of 40 mg/m(2) followed by carboplatin at a fixed area under the curve (AUC) of 2, as a weekly regimen with RTRT. The dose of paclitaxel was escalated by 5mg/m(2) per level. RESULTS: Eight patients with locally advanced unresectable NSCLC were enrolled and treated with two dose levels of paclitaxel (40 mg/m(2) and 45 mg/m(2)), carboplatin (AUC=2) and RTRT. No dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) were observed at Level 1 (paclitaxel, 40 mg/m(2) and carboplatin, AUC=2). At Level 2 (paclitaxel, 45 mg/m(2) and carboplatin, AUC=2), two of five patients experienced DLTs, in the form of esophagitis and discontinuation of chemotherapy more than twice. The MTD and RD of paclitaxel were thus defined as 45 mg/m(2) and 40 mg/m(2), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This phase I study was well tolerated and the RD of paclitaxel and carboplatin with RTRT is 40 mg/m(2) at AUC=2, respectively. Further studies are warranted to evaluate the efficacy of this regimen.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Idoso , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/fisiopatologia , Quimiorradioterapia , Cálculos da Dosagem de Medicamento , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Dose Máxima Tolerável , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem
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