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1.
Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat ; : 106471, 2020 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32585250

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to clarify whether human amniotic fluid (AF) contains a significant level of bioactive lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and, whether autotaxin (ATX) is involved in the production of LPA, if present. Using LC-MS/MS, we found a higher ratio of levels of LPA and its precursor lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) in AF collected after parturition than that in AF collected at the middle stage of pregnancy. We detected significant choline-producing enzymatic activity toward an exogenous LPC in AF at the middle stage of pregnancy, about half of which was ascribable to ATX. In AF collected after parturition, the ATX-independent choline-producing activity of glycerophosphcholine phosphodiesterase coupled to lysophospholipase A activity was increased in relative to the lysophospholipase D activity of ATX. These results suggest that the increased LPA/LPC ratio in AF at the term of pregnancy was due to not only a moderate increase in the level of LPC, but also an unknown mechanism involving epithelial cells bathed with AF.

3.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; 36(1): 55-60, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31220962

RESUMO

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is commonly associated with metabolic disorders, which are exacerbated by obesity. Recent studies have revealed that oxytocin contributes to metabolic, appetite, and body weight regulation. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of chronic administration of oxytocin on body weight, food intake, and fat mass in a dihydrotestosterone-induced rat model of PCOS. Body weight, body weight change, and relative cumulative food intake were significantly lower in the oxytocin-treated PCOS rats than in the vehicle-treated control PCOS rats. Similarly, visceral adipocyte size was significantly smaller in the oxytocin-treated PCOS rats than in the vehicle-treated control PCOS rats. On the other hand, the numbers of cystic follicles in the ovary did not differ between the two groups. The chronic administration of oxytocin did not affect the rats' serum aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, or lactate dehydrogenase levels, indicating that it does not have adverse effects on hepatic function. These findings suggest that oxytocin could be a candidate drug for preventing the onset of obesity-related metabolic disorders in PCOS patients.

4.
Gen Comp Endocrinol ; 288: 113360, 2020 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31830472

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We examined the mechanism by which neonatal immune stress reduces the sexual behavior of female rats in adulthood. METHODS: Neonatal female rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: control (n = 11), postnatal day 10 lipopolysaccharide (PND10LPS) (n = 23), and PND25LPS (n = 11) groups, which received intraperitoneal injections of LPS (100 µg/kg) or saline on PND10 and 25. Daily inspections of the vaginal opening (VO) were performed from PND27 to PND37. Thereafter, the frequency of estrus was assessed for 15 days. Female rats (at 11-12 weeks of age) were placed in a cage with male rats, and their sexual behavior was monitored for 30 min. The hypothalamic mRNA expression levels of factors related to sexual behavior were examined via real-time PCR. RESULTS: VO occurred later and the frequency of estrus was lower in the PND10LPS group compared to the control group. The number of lordosis behaviors and the total number of mounts performed by male partners were lower in the PND10LPS and PND25LPS groups than in the control group. Acceptability: The lordosis quotient and lordosis rating were lower in the PND10LPS group than in the control group. Proceptive behavior: the number of ear wiggling events was lower in the PND10LPS group than in the other groups, and the number of hops/darts was lower in the PND10LPS group than in the control group. The hypothalamic mRNA expression level of progesterone receptors (PR)A + B was lower in the PND10LPS group than in the control group, and the hypothalamic PRB mRNA expression level was lower in the PND10LPS and PND25LPS groups than in the control group. CONCLUSION: Neonatal immune stress impeded sexual behavior and hypothalamic PR mRNA expression in female rats. Decreased progesterone activity in the hypothalamus might explain the reduction in sexual behavior seen in these rats.

6.
Hum Reprod ; 34(12): 2340-2348, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31811307

RESUMO

STUDY QUESTION: Can preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A) improve the live birth rate and reduce the miscarriage rate in patients with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) caused by an abnormal embryonic karyotype and recurrent implantation failure (RIF)? SUMMARY ANSWER: PGT-A could not improve the live births per patient nor reduce the rate of miscarriage, in both groups. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: PGT-A use has steadily increased worldwide. However, only a few limited studies have shown that it improves the live birth rate in selected populations in that the prognosis has been good. Such studies have excluded patients with RPL and RIF. In addition, several studies have failed to demonstrate any benefit at all. PGT-A was reported to be without advantage in patients with unexplained RPL whose embryonic karyotype had not been analysed. The efficacy of PGT-A should be examined by focusing on patients whose previous products of conception (POC) have been aneuploid, because the frequencies of abnormal and normal embryonic karyotypes have been reported as 40-50% and 5-25% in patients with RPL, respectively. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: A multi-centre, prospective pilot study was conducted from January 2017 to June 2018. A total of 171 patients were recruited for the study: an RPL group, including 41 and 38 patients treated respectively with and without PGT-A, and an RIF group, including 42 and 50 patients treated respectively with and without PGT-A. At least 10 women in each age group (35-36, 37-38, 39-40 or 41-42 years) were selected for PGT-A groups. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: All patients and controls had received IVF-ET for infertility. Patients in the RPL group had had two or more miscarriages, and at least one case of aneuploidy had been ascertained through prior POC testing. No pregnancies had occurred in the RIF group, even after at least three embryo transfers. Trophectoderm biopsy and array comparative genomic hybridisation (aCGH) were used for PGT-A. The live birth rate of PGT-A and non-PGT-A patients was compared after the development of blastocysts from up to two oocyte retrievals and a single blastocyst transfer. The miscarriage rate and the frequency of euploidy, trisomy and monosomy in the blastocysts were noted. MAIN RESULT AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: There were no significant differences in the live birth rates per patient given or not given PGT-A: 26.8 versus 21.1% in the RPL group and 35.7 versus 26.0% in the RIF group, respectively. There were also no differences in the miscarriage rates per clinical pregnancies given or not given PGT-A: 14.3 versus 20.0% in the RPL group and 11.8 versus 0% in the RIF group, respectively. However, PGT-A improved the live birth rate per embryo transfer procedure in both the RPL (52.4 vs 21.6%, adjusted OR 3.89; 95% CI 1.16-13.1) and RIF groups (62.5 vs 31.7%, adjusted OR 3.75; 95% CI 1.28-10.95). Additionally, PGT-A was shown to reduce biochemical pregnancy loss per biochemical pregnancy: 12.5 and 45.0%, adjusted OR 0.14; 95% CI 0.02-0.85 in the RPL group and 10.5 and 40.9%, adjusted OR 0.17; 95% CI 0.03-0.92 in the RIF group. There was no difference in the distribution of genetic abnormalities between RPL and RIF patients, although double trisomy tended to be more frequent in RPL patients. LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: The sample size was too small to find any significant advantage for improving the live birth rate and reducing the clinical miscarriage rate per patient. Further study is necessary. WIDER IMPLICATION OF THE FINDINGS: A large portion of pregnancy losses in the RPL group might be due to aneuploidy, since PGT-A reduced the overall incidence of pregnancy loss in these patients. Although PGT-A did not improve the live birth rate per patient, it did have the advantage of reducing the number of embryo transfers required to achieve a similar number live births compared with those not undergoing PGT-A. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): This study was supported by the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology and grants from the Japanese Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology. There are no conflicts of interest to declare. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: N/A.

7.
PLoS One ; 14(10): e0223571, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665149

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the attitudes of male and female members of the public toward uterus transplantation (UTx), surrogacy, and adoption in Japan via a web-based survey. One thousand six hundred participants were recruited with equal segregation of age (20s, 30s, 40s, and 50s) and gender. We assessed the association between ethical view and gender, age, infertility, and the knowledge level of UTx, using a questionnaire. The findings were as follows. First, 36.5% and 31.0% of respondents agreed that UTx and gestational surrogacy should be approved, respectively. Second, the respondents would potentially choose to receive UTx (34.4%), gestational surrogacy (31.9%), and adoption (40.3%), if they or their partners experienced absolute uterine factor infertility. Third, 10.1%, 5.8%, and 14.3% of the respondents chose UTx, gestational surrogacy, and adoption as the most favorable option, respectively. Fourth, if their daughters suffered from absolute uterine factor infertility, 32.3% of female respondents might want to be donors, and 36.7% of male respondents might ask their wives to be donors. These data were affected by age, gender, infertility, or the knowledge level of UTx. UTx was a more acceptable option than gestational surrogacy and adoption. The effects of gender, age, infertility, and the level of knowledge of UTx are important in understanding the attitude toward UTx. On the other hand, there were concerns about the safety of UTx for recipients, donors, and babies. It is important to continue to understand public attitudes to inform the development and safety of UTx, which will enhance the discussion on the ethical consensus on UTx.


Assuntos
Adoção , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Transplante de Órgãos , Opinião Pública , Mães Substitutas , Útero , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transplante de Órgãos/psicologia , Transplante de Órgãos/estatística & dados numéricos , Mães Substitutas/psicologia , Mães Substitutas/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Útero/transplante , Adulto Jovem
8.
J Obstet Gynaecol Res ; 45(10): 1975-1979, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397512

RESUMO

The Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology Reproductive Endocrinology Committee summarizes the activities of each subcommittee below from April 2017 to March 2019. Current important issues regarding reproductive medicine were examined and discussed from social, political, ethical and scientific viewpoints. A nation-wide survey targeted at OB/GYN facilities revealed the usual procedure in diagnosis and management of fertility-desiring POI patients and fertility outcomes of the patients. How to introduce and adapt FIGO AUB systems to obstetric and gynecologic practices in Japan was examined and discussed.


Assuntos
Endocrinologia/tendências , Distúrbios Menstruais/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/diagnóstico , Serviços de Saúde Reprodutiva/tendências , Relatórios Anuais como Assunto , Endocrinologia/normas , Endocrinologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Ginecologia/normas , Ginecologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Ginecologia/tendências , Humanos , Obstetrícia/normas , Obstetrícia/estatística & dados numéricos , Obstetrícia/tendências , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/terapia , Serviços de Saúde Reprodutiva/normas , Serviços de Saúde Reprodutiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
J Obstet Gynaecol Res ; 45(10): 2021-2028, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364239

RESUMO

AIM: The survival rates of cancer patients have greatly improved owing to the advances in oncology. The preservation of fertility in cancer patients is an important task. To determine the reality of cryopreservation of embryos, oocytes and ovarian tissue in cancer patients, large-scale survey analysis was performed in Japan. METHODS: We sent 613 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology-certified assisted reproductive technology institutions a questionnaire about their experience of performing cryopreservation for cancer patients between January 2011 and December 2015. Subsequently, the institutions that conducted cryopreservation for cancer patients were sent a second questionnaire. RESULTS: We received replies from 481 (78.5%) institutions. Among them, 126 (26.2%) conducted cryopreservation for cancer patients. These 126 institutions were sent a second questionnaire. Of these, 108 (85.7%) institutions responded. At the 108 institutions, 1085 embryo or oocyte cryopreservation procedures and 122 ovarian tissue cryopreservation procedures were conducted for cancer patients. Cryopreservation was mainly performed for breast cancer patients (~70%), followed by patients with hematological malignancy. A total of 361 and 19 embryo transfer cycles were performed for patients whose embryos and oocytes were cryopreserved, respectively, and 42 and seven institutions reported pregnancy outcomes after embryo transfer in patients that underwent embryo and oocyte cryopreservation, respectively. However, pregnancy was not observed in the seven cases that underwent ovarian tissue transfer. CONCLUSION: Indications, age limits and ovarian stimulation protocols for cryopreservation widely varied between the institutions. A national registration system for oncofertility must be established to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the current system.


Assuntos
Criopreservação/estatística & dados numéricos , Embrião de Mamíferos , Preservação da Fertilidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Oócitos , Ovário , Adulto , Transferência Embrionária/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Neoplasias , Indução da Ovulação , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Hum Reprod ; 34(8): 1567-1575, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31299081

RESUMO

STUDY QUESTION: What were the risks with regard to the pregnancy outcomes of patients who conceived by frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) during a hormone replacement cycle (HRC-FET)? SUMMARY ANSWER: The patients who conceived by HRC-FET had increased risks of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and placenta accreta and a reduced risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in comparison to those who conceived by FET during a natural ovulatory cycle (NC-FET). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Previous studies have shown that pregnancy and live-birth rates after HRC-FET and NC-FET are comparable. Little has been clarified regarding the association between endometrium preparation and other pregnancy outcomes. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: A retrospective cohort study of patients who conceived after HRC-FET and those who conceived after NC-FET was performed based on the Japanese assisted reproductive technology registry in 2014. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: The pregnancy outcomes were compared between NC-FET (n = 29 760) and HRC-FET (n = 75 474) cycles. Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to investigate the potential confounding factors. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: The pregnancy rate (32.1% vs 36.1%) and the live birth rate among pregnancies (67.1% vs 71.9%) in HRC-FET cycles were significantly lower than those in NC-FET cycles. A multiple logistic regression analysis showed that pregnancies after HRC-FET had increased odds of HDPs [adjusted odds ratio, 1.43; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.14-1.80] and placenta accreta (adjusted odds ratio, 6.91; 95% CI, 2.87-16.66) and decreased odds for GDM (adjusted odds ratio, 0.52; 95% CI, 0.40-0.68) in comparison to pregnancies after NC-FET. LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: Our study was retrospective in nature, and some cases were excluded due to missing data. The implication of bias and residual confounding factors such as body mass index, alcohol consumption, and smoking habits should be considered in other observational studies. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: Pregnancies following HRC-FET are associated with higher risks of HDPs and placenta accreta and a lower risk of GDM. The association between the endometrium preparation method and obstetrical complication merits further attention. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): No funding was obtained for this work. The authors declare no conflicts of interest in association with the present study. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: Not applicable.

11.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 19(1): 192, 2019 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159759

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Children born after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) are at increased risk of specific major birth defects compared with children born after in vitro fertilization (IVF). However, whether this risk is due to the treatment itself (i.e., IVF or ICSI) or underlying male subfertility is unknown. This study investigated the associations between male subfertility and the risk of major birth defects in children born after IVF and ICSI. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using data from the Japanese assisted reproductive technology registry between 2007 and 2014. Fresh embryo transfer cycles registered from 2007 to 2014 that resulted in singleton live births, still births, or selective terminations were included (n = 59,971). Major birth defects were defined by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines, excluding chromosomal abnormalities. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using generalized estimating equations adjusting for potential confounders. RESULTS: Major birth defects were reported in 626/59,971 (1.04%) cases. Among IVF cycles, male subfertility was associated with significantly greater risks of hypospadias (3/3163 [0.09%] vs 4/28,671 [0.01%], adjusted OR = 6.85, 95% CI 2.05-22.9, P = 0.002) and atrial septal defects (4/3163 [0.13%] vs 9/28,671 [0.03%], adjusted OR = 3.98, 95% CI 1.12-14.1, P = 0.03) compared with fertile men. Subgroup analysis using sperm parameters showed that oligozoospermia (i.e., sperm concentrations < 15 million/mL) was significantly associated with a greater risk of ventricular septal defects compared with normal sperm concentrations in IVF pregnancies (5/868 [0.58%] vs 60/28,090 [0.21%], adjusted OR = 2.68, 95% CI 1.15-6.27, P = 0.02), and severe oligozoospermia (i.e., sperm concentrations < 5 million/mL) was significantly associated with an increased risk of hypospadias compared with normal sperm concentrations in ICSI pregnancies (5/3136 [0.16%] vs 5/16,865 [0.03%], adjusted OR = 3.88, 95% CI 1.14-13.2, P = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this exploratory study suggest that underlying male subfertility may play a role in the risk of major birth defects related to ICSI and IVF. Further research, including systematic reviews adjusting for confounders, is required to confirm the associations between male subfertility and major cardiac and urogenital birth defects.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Congênitas/etiologia , Transferência Embrionária/efeitos adversos , Fertilização In Vitro/efeitos adversos , Infertilidade Masculina/complicações , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
12.
J Med Invest ; 66(1.2): 123-127, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31064924

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of intraperitoneal administration of activin on the occurrence of endometriosis using a mouse model of endometriosis. METHODS: A mouse model of endometriosis was prepared by intraperitoneally administering endometrial tissue and blood collected from donor mice to C57BL/6J 7-8- week-old recipient mice. A total of 400 µg of activin A was intraperitoneally administered to model mice in the activin group for 5 days. Intraperitoneal endometriotic lesions were confirmed macroscopically and IL-6 and TNF-α levels in washed ascites were measured by ELISA. RESULTS: Endometriotic lesions were observed in all mice. In the activin group, the maximum diameter of endometriotic lesions was significantly larger than that in control group (4.7?1.3 vs 2.9?0.9 mm, p?0.01). The total area of the lesion was also significantly higher in the activin group than in the control group (21.1?9.9 vs 8.8?5.4 mm2,p?0.01). Furthermore, IL-6 and TNF-α levels in ascites were significantly higher in the activin group than in the control group (IL-6 : 85.8?15.3 vs 75.1?19.3 pg/ml, p?0.05 ; TNF-α : 629.8?15.4 vs 605.9?11.4 pg/ml, p?0.05). CONCLUSION: Activin promotes occurrence of endometriosis. Inflammatory cytokines are also elevated by activin administration,suggesting that they may contribute to progression of endometriosis J. Med. Invest. 66 : 123-127, February, 2019.


Assuntos
Ativinas/farmacologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Endometriose/induzido quimicamente , Ativinas/administração & dosagem , Animais , Endometriose/imunologia , Feminino , Injeções Intraperitoneais , Interleucina-6/análise , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
13.
J Med Invest ; 66(1.2): 128-133, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31064925

RESUMO

We aimed to demonstrate that the serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) level in maternal and umbilical cord blood has a seasonal variation in Japanese women. The study cohort comprised 256 healthy Japanese women with a singleton pregnancy who delivered after 36 gestational weeks between 2012 and 2015. The season at delivery was categorized for 3 months and recorded as "spring", "summer", "autumn" and "winter". Subjects were divided into four groups according to season. A sample of peripheral venous blood at 35-36 gestational weeks and blood from the umbilical vein at delivery were taken. The mean serum 25(OH)D concentra tion (ng/mL) in maternal blood for each season (spring, summer, autumn and winter) was 18.0 (?6.7), 17.1 (?5.1), 21.6 (?8.0) and 16.0 (?5.1), whereas that for umbilical cord blood was 8.8 (?3.6), 8.6 (?2.6), 10.7 (?3.5) and 8.6 (?2.1), respectively. The mean serum 25(OH)D concentration of maternal and umbilical cord blood in autumn was higher than that for the other three seasons. In pregnant Japanese women, the mean serum 25(OH)D concentration in maternal and umbilical cord blood was affected by the season of delivery, with both being highest in autumn. Regardless of the season, the maternal serum concentration of 25(OH)D was low in Japan. J. Med. Invest. 66 : 128-133, February, 2019.


Assuntos
Sangue Fetal/química , Estações do Ano , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Vitamina D/sangue
14.
J Med Invest ; 66(1.2): 153-156, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31064930

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to demonstrate the effect of prolonged hospitalization on fetal growth in cases of threatened preterm labor (TPL). METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we included women who received prenatal care for TPL but delivered their child after 36 weeks of gestation. These were compared with a control group of healthy pregnant women and fetuses delivered at term. Fetal growth was compared using biparietal diameter, abdominal circumference (AC), femur length, and estimated fetal weight (EFW) assessed using ultrasonography at 18, 26, 30, and 36 weeks of gestation. Neonatal parameters at birth were also compared. RESULTS: In total, we enrolled 228 control women and 114 women with TPL who were treated with hospitalization,including bed rest. The AC at 30 and 36 weeks of gestation and EFW at 36 weeks of gestation were smaller in women treated with bed rest than for normal pregnant women. The mean duration of pregnancy was shorter in the hospitalization group than in the control group. Neonatal weight, length, head circumference, and chest circumference at birth were smaller after prolonged hospitalization for TPL than after normal pregnancy. CONCLUSION: Prolonged hospitalization for threatened preterm labor is associated with impaired fetal growth, particularly AC. J.Med.Invest.66:153-156, February, 2019.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Fetal , Tempo de Internação , Trabalho de Parto Prematuro/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
J Med Invest ; 66(1.2): 165-171, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31064932

RESUMO

As the follicular environment transits from being activin dominant to inhibin dominant during folliculogenesis, it is assumed that activin plays an important role in the early stage of follicular growth. We examined the effects of activin on morphological, biochemical and molecular changes in isolated preantral follicles. Preantral follicles were mechanically isolated from 14-day old female C57BL/6 mice. Each follicle was cultured and observed for 14 days usingan in vitro follicle culture system containing FSH, FSH + activin A and FSH + inhibin in the culture medium. We subsequently examined FSH receptor (FSH-R) mRNA expression in isolated follicle cultures with or without activin on days 0 and 2. Activin was observed to significantly stimulate follicle enlargement on days 2, 4, 6 and 8, accelerate morphological changes and increase estradiollevels in culture medium on days 4, 12 and 14. In contrast, inhibin did not alter follicular growth. Additionally, activin stimulated the expression of FSH-R mRNA in isolated granulosa cells. It was demonstrated that activin stimulated the growth of preantral follicles, mainly during the early stage of folliculogenesis, by inducing FSH-R expression, in an isolated follicle culture system. J. Med. Invest. 66 : 165-171, February, 2019.


Assuntos
Ativinas/farmacologia , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Folículo Ovariano/fisiologia , Receptores do FSH/análise , Receptores do FSH/genética
16.
J Med Invest ; 66(1.2): 70-74, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31064958

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to clarify the effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the early development of endometriosis and on the production of cytokines and chemokines in the murine peritoneal cavity. METHODS: Endometriotic lesions were induced in C57BL/6J adult female mice by intraperitoneal injection of endometrial fragments plus blood or endometrial fragments plus blood with LPS. On day 7, endometriotic lesions were assessed by gross and microscopic evaluations. Time-dependent changes in the secretion of TNF-α,IL-6,and CXCL2/MIP-2 in peritoneal lavage fluid after the intraperitoneal injection of LPS (50 µg/body) were measured by their respective enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. RESULTS: The areas of endometriotic lesions in the LPS group (10.8 8.6 mm2) were significantly larger than those in the control group (3.1 3.7 mm2).The levels of TNF-α and IL-6 peaked within 2 hours and the level of MIP-2 reached a maximum on day 1 after the injection of LPS. CONCLUSIONS: LPS promotes development of the early stages of murine endometriotic lesions. J. Med. Invest. 66 : 70-74, February, 2019.


Assuntos
Endometriose/patologia , Endométrio/patologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Peritônio/patologia , Animais , Quimiocina CXCL2/fisiologia , Citocinas/biossíntese , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Endometriose/imunologia , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
17.
J Med Invest ; 66(1.2): 75-80, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31064959

RESUMO

Few reports have focused on hemodynamics around delivery in pregnant women because of the difficulty of continuous and noninvasive measurement. Electrical cardiometry allows noninvasive continuous monitoring of hemodynamics and has recently been used in non-pregnant subjects. We compared the use of electrical cardiometry versus transthoracic echocardiography in healthy pregnant women and evaluated hemodynamics immediately after vaginal delivery. In Study 1, electrical cardiometry and transthoracic echocardiography were used to measure cardiac output in 20 pregnant women with threatened premature delivery. A significant correlation was found between the two methods, with electrical cardiometry showing the higher cardiac output. In Study 2, heart rate, stroke volume, and cardiac output were continuously measured in 15 women during vaginal delivery up to 2 h postpartum. Cardiac output increased markedly because of an increased heart rate and stroke volume at the time of newborn delivery. The heart rate then immediately returned to baseline, while cardiac output remained elevated for at least 2 h after delivery because of a sustained high stroke volume. Electrical cardiometry was as readily available as transthoracic echocardiography for evaluating hemodynamics and allowed for continuous measurement during labor. High intrapartum cardiac output was sustained for at least 2 h after vaginal delivery. J. Med. Invest. 66 : 75-80, February, 2019.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Adulto , Ecocardiografia , Impedância Elétrica , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
18.
Exp Ther Med ; 17(3): 2242-2246, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30867708

RESUMO

Resveratrol, a natural product and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) agonist, has been reported to exert anti-cancer effects in several tumor models. A previous study by our group reported that prostaglandin J2, a PPARγ ligand, inhibited cell proliferation in a uterine sarcoma cell line. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of the Wnt signaling pathway in resveratrol-induced apoptosis and inhibition of cell proliferation in the MES-SA human uterine sarcoma cell line. A WST-1 assay demonstrated that resveratrol inhibited cell proliferation in the MES-SA cell line, and flow cytometry revealed that the number of apoptotic cells increased in a resveratrol dose-dependent manner. The mechanisms underlying these effects of resveratrol were speculated to involve the expression of ß-catenin and its target gene, c-myc, which were examined using western blot analysis. The results revealed a dose-dependent downregulation of this ß-catenin and c-myc. This effect was blunted by a pharmacological inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase 3ß. Therefore, it is likely that resveratrol inhibited the cell proliferation and increased the number of apoptotic cells, at least partially, via the Wnt signaling pathway. The present results suggest that resveratrol is a potential candidate for the treatment of uterine sarcoma.

19.
Neuropeptides ; 75: 49-57, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30885500

RESUMO

Recent studies have shown that oxytocin reduces food intake and body weight gain and promotes lipolysis in some species, including humans. Interestingly, these effects of oxytocin are more marked in obese individuals. Although the menopausal loss of ovarian function induces increased visceral adiposity and some metabolic disorders, no safe medical interventions for these conditions have been established. In this study, we evaluated the effects of oxytocin on appetite, body weight, and fat mass in ovariectomized rats. Six-day oxytocin treatment attenuated cumulative food intake and body weight gain, and reduced visceral and subcutaneous fat weight and adipocyte cell area in ovariectomized rats. Blood examinations indicated that 6-day oxytocin treatment did not alter renal or hepatic functions. Instead, it might prevent ovariectomy-induced liver damage. In addition, acute oxytocin treatment did not affect body temperature or locomotor activity. These results indicate that oxytocin might be useful for treating or preventing menopause-induced metabolic disorders, without causing any adverse effects.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ingestão de Alimentos/efeitos dos fármacos , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Ocitocina/farmacologia , Animais , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Obesidade/metabolismo , Ovariectomia , Ocitocina/uso terapêutico , Ratos
20.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 3076, 2019 02 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30816139

RESUMO

Previous studies suggested ovarian stimulation was associated with lower birth weight and higher risk of preterm delivery (PTD) from fresh embryo transfers (ETs). However, whether the increased risk differs between distinct ovarian stimulation protocols remains unknown. A retrospective cohort study of 38,220 singleton deliveries after fresh single ETs from 2007 to 2013 was conducted. Main outcomes were birth weight and gestational length. Compared with the natural cycle, all ovarian stimulation protocols were associated with a significantly increased risk for PTD, low birth weight (LBW) and small for gestational age (SGA). In subgroup analysis of maternal age under 35 years, luteal support using progesterone, and early cleavage ETs, the significant associations remained for LBW and SGA in gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist protocol and for LBW in GnRH agonist protocol. Ovarian stimulation using clomiphene citrate (CC) had the highest increased risks for LBW (Adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 1.58, 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.43-1.73) and SGA (AOR, 1.65, 95% CI, 1.50-1.82) compared with natural cycles, and was further associated with PTD and cesarean section. These findings suggest ovarian stimulation was associated with lower birth weight, and CC may have adverse effect on neonatal outcomes in fresh cycles.

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