Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 26
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Bull Tokyo Dent Coll ; 62(3): 181-192, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393142

RESUMO

Aggressive periodontitis mostly affects young people, causing rapid destruction of periodontal tissue and loss of supporting alveolar bone. The destruction of periodontal tissue induces pathological tooth movement, resulting in various types of malocclusion such as crowding or spacing in the dentition. This report describes orthodontic treatment for malocclusion due to generalized aggressive periodontitis. The patient was a 31-year-old woman who presented with the chief complaint of displacement in the anterior teeth. An oral examination revealed pathological tooth mobility throughout the entire oral cavity due to severe loss of periodontal support. Many gaps in the displaced maxillary anterior teeth and crowding in the mandibular anterior teeth were also observed. The goal of subsequent treatment was to achieve ideal overjet and overbite by aligning the teeth and closing the spaces via non-extraction orthodontic treatment with stripping. The periodontal disease was managed by a periodontist who provided guidance on oral hygiene and periodontal disease control throughout the course of orthodontic treatment. Appropriate occlusion and a good oral environment were achieved. The condition of the periodontal tissue stabilized during and after orthodontic treatment, and favourable occlusal stability was observed at the 2-year follow-up examination.


Assuntos
Periodontite Agressiva , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Má Oclusão , Adolescente , Adulto , Periodontite Agressiva/terapia , Oclusão Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Má Oclusão/terapia , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
2.
Bull Tokyo Dent Coll ; 62(1): 27-39, 2021 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33583878

RESUMO

Aggressive periodontitis during adolescence has a poor prognosis due to rapid alveolar bone resorption. Few studies have investigated long-term follow-up after surgical orthodontic treatment performed in conjunction with that for invasive periodontitis. Here, we report a case of mandibular prognathism accompanied by generalized aggressive periodontitis and crowding. A 31-year-old woman was referred to our department for treatment of masticatory dysfunction due to reverse overjet. The patient exhibited a class III molar relationship, protrusion of the ANB of -6.0°, and severe maxillary crowding. Initial periodontal examination revealed deep periodontal pockets and extensive inflammation. Mandibular prognathism accompanied by generalized aggressive periodontitis and crowding was diagnosed. Therefore, it was necessary to adopt an interdisciplinary approach involving surgical, orthodontic, and periodontal treatment. Prior to commencement of orthodontic treatment, plaque control, scaling, and root planing of all teeth were performed by a periodontist to suppress inflammation and reduce probing depth. During pre-surgical orthodontic treatment, the maxillary first premolars were extracted to reduce crowding of the maxillary incisors. To correct the mandibular prognathism, the mandible was repositioned by sagittal split ramus osteotomy. Proper occlusion of the incisors and maximum intercuspation were achieved by post-surgical orthodontic treatment. After completion of active orthodontic treatment, acceleration of inflammation was observed together with aggravated resorption of the alveolar bone surrounding the molars. However, reduction of probing depth and inflammation were observed after scaling and root planing. The surgical-orthodontic treatment time was 1 year and 11 months, which was followed by a 2-year retention period. There was no tooth loss due to periodontitis, and an overall satisfactory outcome was achieved.


Assuntos
Periodontite Agressiva , Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle , Má Oclusão , Prognatismo , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle/cirurgia , Mandíbula , Prognatismo/cirurgia
3.
Bull Tokyo Dent Coll ; 61(4): 213-219, 2020 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33177272

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate 3-dimensional (3D) airway volume in patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) using computed tomography (CT). The study population comprised 15 UCLP patients (UCLP group) scheduled to receive alveolar bone grafts and 15 with impacted teeth (control group). The clinical requirements for a CT scan were met in both groups. Measurements were recorded from 3D reconstructions of Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine data obtained from the CT images. Airway volume, cross-sectional area, and linear and angular measurements were recorded. Airway volume and cross-sectional area showed no significant difference between the two groups. The narrowest section of the airway in the UCLP group was tighter than that in the control group, however (p=0.017). The results of this study suggest that this difference in the measurements of the narrowest section of the airway is involved in the particular maxillofacial morphology found in UCLP patients.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial , Fissura Palatina , Fenda Labial/diagnóstico por imagem , Fissura Palatina/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Faringe/diagnóstico por imagem
4.
Bull Tokyo Dent Coll ; 61(3): 201-209, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32801263

RESUMO

Alveolar bone grafting is routinely performed in repair of alveolar clefts. When the alveolar cleft is wider than 11 mm, however, the survival rate of the bone graft and prognosis are poor. Here, we describe successful orthodontic treatment using interdental distraction osteogenesis (IDO) with a tooth-tooth type distractor to reduce the width of the alveolar cleft in a patient with unilateral cleft lip and palate. The patient was a 12-year-old girl with unilateral cleft lip and palate, maxillary dentition midline deviation, congenitally missing maxillary lateral incisors, a palatally-displaced right upper first premolar, a wide alveolar cleft (20 mm), and mandibular prognathism due to maxillary hypoplasia. Treatment comprised a combination of orthodontic treatment and IDO. After treatment, appropriate occlusion, space closure in the maxillary arch, coincidence of the maxillary and facial midlines, and incorporation of the right maxillary first premolar into the arch were obtained. These results suggest that IDO is effective in treating cleft lip and palate patients with a wide alveolar cleft.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial , Fissura Palatina , Osteogênese por Distração , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Maxila
5.
Bull Tokyo Dent Coll ; 61(2): 95-102, 2020 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32522933

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the condition of the maxillary lateral incisors and evaluate the methods used for cleft closure in patients with cleft lip and palate, including the treatment of the maxillary lateral incisors. A total of 214 patients (260 clefts) with alveolar clefts who had started Phase II treatment and entered the maintenance period at the Department of Orthodontics at Tokyo Dental College, Chiba Hospital, between 1975 and 2014 were included. Panoramic, intraoral, and occlusal radiographs, as well as intraoral photographs and medical records, were used to investigate cleft classification, the presence or absence and location of maxillary lateral incisors, and frequency and treatment method for peg lateral incisors in the cleft region. There were more unilateral cleft cases (78.5%) than bilateral cleft cases. The prevalence of congenital absence of the maxillary lateral incisors was similar between unilateral (53.0%) and bilateral cases (53.3%). Peg laterals occurred frequently, with 89.9% occurring in unilateral cases. The maxillary lateral incisors were more commonly found in the secondary than in the primary palate. The number of non-extraction cases was larger than that of extraction cases, regardless of cleft type or the location of the peg laterals. In many cases, the peg laterals were treated with non-extraction and space closure or crown modification. These results suggest that, depending on their condition, the peg laterals should be preserved as much as possible in devising a treatment plan.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial , Humanos , Incisivo , Maxila , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tóquio
6.
Bull Tokyo Dent Coll ; 61(2): 103-120, 2020 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32522935

RESUMO

Narrowing of the maxillary dental arch is a major cause of occlusal abnormalities in cleft lip and palate patients. Although the dental arch may be expanded in such cases, relapse will often occur during the subsequent retention period. In this study, the stability of expansion of the maxillary arch was investigated by examining 3-dimensional change in the maxillary arch during the treatment and post-retention periods. Three-dimensional measurements was performed on maxillary plaster models obtained from 8 unilateral cleft lip and palate patients (mean age, 12.5 years) who had undergone maxillary arch expansion using an edgewise appliance and quad helix (CLP group). The controls consisted of 8 unilateral cleft lip and alveolus patients (mean age, 12.9 years). Measurements were made during the pretreatment, post-treatment, and post-retention periods. In the CLP group, horizontal relapse was observed in the alveolar and dental arches between the second premolars, together with vertical relapse on the cleft side of the central incisor, lateral incisor, and canine. The sites where relapse occurred demonstrated decreased growth before orthodontic treatment. A correlation was observed between the extents of expansion and relapse. These findings suggest that excessive horizontal or vertical tooth movement in areas showing developmental failure should be avoided in order to increase stability after orthodontic treatment.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial , Fissura Palatina , Criança , Arco Dental , Humanos , Maxila , Técnica de Expansão Palatina
7.
Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open ; 8(4): e2761, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32440429

RESUMO

Background: Hemifacial microsomia (HFM) is a congenital disorder characterized by facial asymmetry, but no midline reference has been established for evaluating facial morphology in patients with HFM. The purpose of this study was to develop a 3-dimensional coordinate system unaffected by the deformity of the external acoustic aperture or orbital circumference and to quantitatively evaluate craniofacial morphology in such patients. Methods: We quantitatively evaluated craniofacial morphology using 3-dimensional measurements with the skull base as a reference. Using computed tomography data from 15 patients with HFM and 15 controls, a coordinate system was created for each patient, and left-right differences between measurement points were compared. Results: When mandibular deformity was severe, the deformity of the posterior part of the palatine bone and lateral part of the orbit increased, but this trend was not evident for other measurement points. Thus, craniofacial deformity in HFM was not always related to mandibular deformity. Moreover, no difference was evident in the position of the hypoglossal canal between controls and patients with HFM. Conclusions: Quantitative assessments are possible using the coordinate system devised in this study, irrespective of the severity of HFM. The degree of mandibular deformity detailed in the Pruzansky classification was associated with the superoinferior deformity of the posterior part of the palatine bone and anteroposterior deformity of the lateral part of the orbit.

8.
J Craniofac Surg ; 31(6): 1753-1755, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32472893

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Recently, midfacial hypoplasia for syndromic craniosynostosi has been corrected by Le Fort III distraction osteogenesis. During conventional Le Fort III osteotomy, osteotomy is performed via bicoronal incision. In contrast, the authors have developed a technique for performing Le Fort III osteotomy using internal devices but without bicoronal incision. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The authors performed the Le Fort III distraction technique in 22 patients. Of these, 17 patients underwent an approach using conventional coronal incision; the others underwent an approach without coronal incision. This new approach was performed using a McCord incision, a brow incision, and gingivo-buccal sulcus incisions. We then performed osteotomy and attached the internal device. RESULTS: The age of patients ranged from 6 to 21 years (mean: 14.1 ±â€Š5.0 years) and 6 to 38 years (mean: 19.6 ±â€Š11.5 years) in the groups with or without coronal incision, respectively. Mean operative time was 410 ±â€Š196 minutes in the group with coronal incision and 357 ±â€Š121 minutes in the group without coronal incision. Mean blood loss (per unit of body weight) was 51.3 ±â€Š38.5 and 33.9 ±â€Š9.9 ml/kg) in the groups with or without coronal incision, respectively. There were no complications, except in the case of a 38-year-old patient, the oldest patient, who lost vision in the left eye after surgery. CONCLUSION: A direct facial approach for Le Fort III distraction was useful because of its reduced operative time and blood loss. However, down fracture following incomplete osteotomy or inadequate dissection of the orbit may cause blindness. Consequently, this technique requires careful attention.


Assuntos
Osteogênese por Distração , Osteotomia de Le Fort , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Disostose Craniofacial/cirurgia , Face , Ossos Faciais/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Ferida Cirúrgica , Adulto Jovem
9.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg ; 73(2): 351-356, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473118

RESUMO

Midface advancement with distraction osteogenesis is more routinely used for faciocraniosynostosis. Distraction devices are generally classified into external and internal types. Compared with external distractors, internal distractors are smaller and better tolerated, but their removal is complicated. Here, we introduce a refined internal distraction device and describe its applicability. Unlike the previous anterior fixation plate that utilises screws, the refined internal distraction (type Z'gok) has 3 claws. This anterior point of the distractor is positioned behind the malar eminence, or the lateral orbital wall. Eight patients with syndromic craniosynostosis underwent midface distraction osteogenesis using the type Z'gok between 2016 and 2017 (Z'gok group). Twelve patients were treated using conventional internal distractors (control group). Patient age ranged from 6 to 21 years. Among them, 4 patients underwent Le Fort III distraction osteogenesis, while the others underwent Le Fort IV distraction osteogenesis. The operative time to remove the distractors in the Z'gok group was 65 ± 18 min, shorter than 89 ± 12 min in the control group. The blood loss per kilogram of body weight in the Z'gok and control groups was 3.6 ±â€¯3.3 mL/kg and 4.7 ±â€¯1.7 mL/kg, respectively. In conclusion, the type Z'gok is a reliable and effective internal distractor for midface distraction osteogenesis.


Assuntos
Disostose Craniofacial/cirurgia , Ossos Faciais/cirurgia , Osteogênese por Distração/instrumentação , Adolescente , Criança , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Osteogênese por Distração/métodos , Osteotomia de Le Fort , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Bull Tokyo Dent Coll ; 60(4): 291-296, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761879

RESUMO

Median clefts, which run through the midline of the upper lip, and alveolus are considered a type of craniofacial cleft. A Tessier number 0 median cleft lip is the rarest, and there are few reports concerning its surgical management. Here, we describe the case of a 6-year-old boy who presented at our hospital with a median cleft and alveolus of the upper lip with a shortened bifid frenulum. Inverted-V and Z-plasty incisions were performed for the median cleft and iliac bone grafting for the midline alveolus. At 1 year 5 months later, the postoperative course was uneventful, and proper approximation of the orbicularis oris muscle and vermilion were achieved, with a symmetrical Cupid's bow and labial tubercle and philtrum.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Transplante Ósseo , Criança , Humanos , Lábio , Masculino , Mucosa Bucal , Alvéolo Dental
11.
Cartilage ; : 1947603519862318, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31327238

RESUMO

Statins have demonstrated to be effective for treating chondrodysplasia and its effects were believed to be associated with the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3). Statins promoted the degradation of FGFR3 in studies using disease-specific induced pluripotent stem cells and model mice, however, recent studies using normal chondrocytes reported that statins did not degrade FGFR3. In order to further investigate the effects of statins in endochondral ossification, this study examined the influence of statins on Indian hedgehog (Ihh), another important component of endochondral ossification, and its related pathways. The chondrocyte cell line ATDC5 was used to investigate changes in cell proliferation, mRNA, and protein expression levels. In addition, an organ culture of a mouse metatarsal bone was performed followed by hematoxylin-eosin staining and fluorescent immunostaining. Results indicated that expression level of Ihh increased with the addition of statins, which activated the Ihh pathway and altered the localization of Ihh. Changes in cholesterol modification may have affected Ihh diffusibility; however, further experiments are necessary. A reactive increase in parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) was observed in addition to changes in the Wnt pathway through secreted-related protein 2/3 and low-density lipoprotein 5/6. This led to the promotion of cell proliferation, increase of the hypertrophic chondrocyte layer, inhibition of apoptosis, and decrease in mineralization. This study demonstrated that statins had an influence on Ihh, and that the hyperfunction of Ihh may prevent premature cell death caused by FGFR3-related chondrodysplasia through an indirect increase in the expression of PTHrP.

12.
Bull Tokyo Dent Coll ; 59(4): 277-284, 2018 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30333373

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to obtain basic data that might serve as criteria in the diagnosis of delayed eruption of the permanent teeth. The synchronicity of the eruption of corresponding contralateral teeth was determined. Data were obtained on both the deciduous and permanent dentition based on records made every 2 months at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry of Tokyo Dental College. These data were then used to investigate bilateral differences in the timing of eruption of the permanent teeth. Over 80% of incisors, first molars, mandibular canines, and maxillary first premolars erupted within 4 months of their contralateral counterparts, while this occurred in 75% of maxillary canines, mandibular first premolars, and mandibular second molars, 70% of maxillary and mandibular second premolars, and 65% of maxillary second molars. Bilateral differences in the timing of permanent tooth eruption varied depending on type of tooth, and these differences tended to be smaller for teeth erupting at an earlier point in the order of eruption, and greater for those erupting at a later point. These results suggest that the failure of a contralateral tooth to erupt within 4 months of its counterpart might serve as a criterion in a diagnosis of suspected delayed eruption of a permanent tooth.


Assuntos
Dentição Permanente , Erupção Dentária/fisiologia , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Incisivo , Masculino , Desenvolvimento Maxilofacial , Valores de Referência , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo , Tóquio , Adulto Jovem
13.
FASEB J ; 32(7): 4016-4030, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29533736

RESUMO

Cell fusion-mediated formation of multinuclear osteoclasts (OCs) plays a key role in bone resorption. It is reported that 2 unique OC-specific fusogens [ i.e., OC-stimulatory transmembrane protein (OC-STAMP) and dendritic cell-specific transmembrane protein (DC-STAMP)], and permissive fusogen CD9, are involved in OC fusion. In contrast to DC-STAMP-knockout (KO) mice, which show the osteopetrotic phenotype, OC-STAMP-KO mice show no difference in systemic bone mineral density. Nonetheless, according to the ligature-induced periodontitis model, significantly lower level of bone resorption was found in OC-STAMP-KO mice compared to WT mice. Anti-OC-STAMP-neutralizing mAb down-modulated in vitro: 1) the emergence of large multinuclear tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive cells, 2) pit formation, and 3) mRNA and protein expression of CD9, but not DC-STAMP, in receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL)-stimulated OC precursor cells (OCps). While anti-DC-STAMP-mAb also down-regulated RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis in vitro, it had no effect on CD9 expression. In our mouse model, systemic administration of anti-OC-STAMP-mAb suppressed the expression of CD9 mRNA, but not DC-STAMP mRNA, in periodontal tissue, along with diminished alveolar bone loss and reduced emergence of CD9+ OCps and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive multinuclear OCs. The present study demonstrated that OC-STAMP partners CD9 to promote periodontal bone destruction by up-regulation of fusion during osteoclastogenesis, suggesting that anti-OC-STAMP-mAb may lead to the development of a novel therapeutic regimen for periodontitis.-Ishii, T., Ruiz-Torruella, M., Ikeda, A., Shindo, S., Movila, A., Mawardi, H., Albassam, A., Kayal, R. A., Al-Dharrab, A. A., Egashira, K., Wisitrasameewong, W., Yamamoto, K., Mira, A. I., Sueishi, K., Han, X., Taubman, M. A., Miyamoto, T., Kawai, T. OC-STAMP promotes osteoclast fusion for pathogenic bone resorption in periodontitis via up-regulation of permissive fusogen CD9.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Perda do Osso Alveolar/tratamento farmacológico , Perda do Osso Alveolar/genética , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/uso terapêutico , Células Cultivadas , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/imunologia , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Tetraspanina 29/genética , Tetraspanina 29/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
14.
Bull Tokyo Dent Coll ; 58(1): 27-32, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28381731

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine whether chewing with closed lips improved masticatory efficiency compared with open lips. A total of 21 adults comprising 10 men and 11 women with a mean age of 26.2±3.5 years and normal masticatory function were included in the study. The study participants were instructed to chew a fresh gummy under two conditions for 30 seconds each, one after the other: the first with closed lips, and the second with open lips. The average size of the fragmented gummies was calculated and graded from 1 to 4 according to a specific scale. Masticatory efficiency was evaluated using this "gummy mastication value" and the Gnatho-hexagraph II to observe and analyse jaw movement during chewing. Differences in chewing time and mouth-opening distance were also compared. The gummy mastication value for open and closed lips mastication was 2.51±0.56 and 3.25±0.50, respectively (p<0.01). Masticatory efficiency was significantly greater during closed-lip mastication. The number of chewing strokes over 20 seconds decreased while chewing time and mouth-opening distance increased in cycle 1 with open-lip mastication. In conclusion, the present results revealed that chewing efficiency improved with closed-lip mastication, indicating that instruction to seal the lips while eating is appropriate and necessary.


Assuntos
Lábio , Mastigação , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Movimento , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Craniofac Surg ; 28(2): 486-488, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28033193

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on the absorption of the bone graft in the alveolar cleft.Twenty-nine patients with alveolar clefts in unilateral cleft lip were examined; 6 were the control group and received iliac cancellous bone and marrow grafts without PRP, while the remaining 23 comprised the PRP group and received grafts with PRP. Quantitative evaluation of remaining bone was made by the computer-aided engineering with multidetector row computed tomography at 1 month and 1 year after surgery.Satisfactory bone bridging formation was observed in all patients. Two patients in control group and 1 patient in PRP group developed wound dehiscence with minor bone exposure. One year postoperatively, the canine was exposed and orthodontically guided into an ideal arch relation in all patients. The mean resorption ratio was 49.9 ±â€Š17.2% and 44.9 ±â€Š14.4% with no significant difference (P = 0.60).In conclusion, there is currently no evidence to suggest that autologous PRP is of value for effect on the bone resorption for alveolar bone graft.


Assuntos
Enxerto de Osso Alveolar/métodos , Processo Alveolar/cirurgia , Transplante Ósseo/métodos , Fissura Palatina/cirurgia , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Processo Alveolar/fisiologia , Reabsorção Óssea , Criança , Fenda Labial/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Ílio/transplante , Masculino
16.
J Immunol ; 197(10): 3871-3883, 2016 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27815441

RESUMO

Host immune responses play a key role in promoting bone resorption in periodontitis via receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL)-dependent osteoclastogenesis. Both membrane-bound RANKL (mRANKL) expressed on lymphocytes and soluble RANKL (sRANKL) are found in periodontal lesions. However, the underlying mechanism and cellular source of sRANKL release and its biological role in periodontitis are unclear. TNF-α-converting enzyme (TACE) is reported to cleave the following: 1) precursor TNF-α with release of mature, soluble TNF-α and 2) mRANKL with release of sRANKL. Both soluble TNF-α and sRANKL are found in the periodontitis lesion, leading to the hypothesis that TACE expressed on lymphocytes is engaged in RANKL shedding and that the resulting sRANKL induces osteoclastogenesis. In the current study, upon stimulating PBLs with mitogens in vitro, RANKL expression, sRANKL secretion, and TACE expression were all upregulated. Among the four putative mRANKL sheddases examined in neutralization assays, TACE was the only functional sheddase able to cleave mRANKL expressed on PBL. Moreover, PBL culture supernatant stimulated with mitogens in the presence of anti-TACE Ab or anti-RANKL Ab showed a marked reduction of osteoclastogenesis from osteoclast precursors, indicating that TACE-mediated sRANKL may possess sufficient osteoclastogenic activity. According to double-color confocal microscopy, B cells expressed a more pronounced level of RANKL and TACE expression than T cells or monocytes in periodontally diseased gingiva. Conditioned medium of patients' gingival lymphocyte culture increased in vitro osteoclastogenic activity, which was suppressed by the addition of anti-TACE Ab and anti-RANKL Ab. Therefore, TACE-mediated cleavage of sRANKL from activated lymphocytes, especially B cells, can promote osteoclastogenesis in periodontitis.


Assuntos
Proteína ADAM17/metabolismo , Ativação Linfocitária , Osteogênese , Periodontite/imunologia , Ligante RANK/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Proteína ADAM17/genética , Linfócitos B/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Reabsorção Óssea , Células Cultivadas , Gengiva/citologia , Gengiva/imunologia , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/imunologia , Masculino , Monócitos/imunologia , Osteoclastos/imunologia , Periodontite/fisiopatologia , Ligante RANK/genética , Solubilidade , Linfócitos T/metabolismo
17.
Bull Tokyo Dent Coll ; 57(3): 159-68, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27665693

RESUMO

The present study targeted patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) undergoing either one - (Wardill technique) or two-stage palatoplasty (Perko technique). Correlations between Goslon Yardstick scores and orthodontic appliances used and whether an osteotomy was performed were investigated. No differences were observed between the two types of palatoplasty in terms of Goslon Yardstick scores. A palatal expander and protraction facemask were used in Phase I of orthodontic treatment. The palatal expander was selected for most patients with UCLP in Phase I, regardless of the surgical technique used. A protraction facemask was used in patients undergoing the Wardill procedure who had a Goslon Yardstick score placing them in Group 3 or 4. In contrast, a protraction facemask was used in patients undergoing the Perko procedure who had a Goslon Yardstick score placing them in Group 4. No significant differences were observed in the Goslon Yardstick scores yielded by either type of procedure. The Goslon Yardstick score in relation to whether an osteotomy was performed in Phase II as part of orthodontic treatment was determined, focusing on the relationship between that score and the palatoplasty method used. A protraction facemask was used in patients undergoing the Perko procedure, which eliminated the need for an osteotomy at a future date. However, a protraction facemask was also used in patients undergoing the Wardill option, and those patients were likely to require an osteotomy. In other words, the results suggest that the type of palatoplasty selected will determine the effectiveness of any orthodontic appliances used.


Assuntos
Fissura Palatina/cirurgia , Má Oclusão/patologia , Má Oclusão/terapia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Bucais/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Bucais/estatística & dados numéricos , Ortodontia Corretiva/métodos , Ortodontia Corretiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Pesquisa Comparativa da Efetividade , Arco Dental/anormalidades , Aparelhos de Tração Extrabucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Técnica de Expansão Palatina/instrumentação , Técnica de Expansão Palatina/estatística & dados numéricos , Tóquio , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
J Bone Miner Res ; 31(9): 1688-700, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27082509

RESUMO

By binding to its chemokine receptor CXCR4 on osteoclast precursor cells (OCPs), it is well known that stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) promotes the chemotactic recruitment of circulating OCPs to the homeostatic bone remodeling site. However, the engagement of circulating OCPs in pathogenic bone resorption remains to be elucidated. The present study investigated a possible chemoattractant role of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), another ligand for C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4), in the recruitment of circulating OCPs to the bone lytic lesion. To accomplish this, we used Csf1r-eGFP-knock-in (KI) mice to establish an animal model of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) particle-induced calvarial osteolysis. In the circulating Csf1r-eGFP+ cells of healthy Csf1r-eGFP-KI mice, Csf1r+/CD11b+ cells showed a greater degree of RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis compared to a subset of Csf1r+/RANK+ cells in vitro. Therefore, Csf1r-eGFP+/CD11b+ cells were targeted as functionally relevant OCPs in the present study. Although expression of the two cognate receptors for MIF, CXCR2 and CXCR4, was elevated on Csf1r+/CD11b+ cells, transmigration of OCPs toward recombinant MIF in vitro was facilitated by ligation with CXCR4, but not CXCR2. Meanwhile, the level of PMMA-induced bone resorption in calvaria was markedly greater in wild-type (WT) mice compared to that detected in MIF-knockout (KO) mice. Interestingly, in contrast to the elevated MIF, diminished SDF-1 was detected in a particle-induced bone lytic lesion of WT mice in conjunction with an increased number of infiltrating CXCR4+ OCPs. However, such diminished SDF-1 was not found in the PMMA-injected calvaria of MIF-KO mice. Furthermore, stimulation of osteoblasts with MIF in vitro suppressed their production of SDF-1, suggesting that MIF can downmodulate SDF-1 production in bone tissue. Systemically administered anti-MIF neutralizing monoclonal antibody (mAb) inhibited the homing of CXCR4+ OCPs, as well as bone resorption, in the PMMA-injected calvaria, while increasing locally produced SDF-1. Collectively, these data suggest that locally produced MIF in the inflammatory bone lytic site is engaged in the chemoattraction of circulating CXCR4+ OCPs. © 2016 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.


Assuntos
Fatores Inibidores da Migração de Macrófagos/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Osteólise/metabolismo , Osteólise/patologia , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/farmacologia , Osso e Ossos/patologia , Antígeno CD11b/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Separação Celular , Quimiocina CXCL12/farmacologia , Quimiotaxia/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Introdução de Genes , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/metabolismo , Imunofenotipagem , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Osteoclastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteólise/diagnóstico por imagem , Fenótipo , Polimetil Metacrilato , Receptor de Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Macrófagos/metabolismo , Receptores CXCR4/metabolismo , Microtomografia por Raio-X
19.
Bull Tokyo Dent Coll ; 57(4): 269-280, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28049975

RESUMO

Scissor bite is defined as buccal displacement of the maxillary posterior teeth, with or without contact between the lingual surface of the maxillary lingual cusp and the buccal surface of the buccal cusp of its mandibular antagonist. Here we report treatment of bilateral scissor bite in the posterior region using rapid expansion following corticot-omy. The patient was a boy aged 17 years and 11 months in whom skeletal maxillary prognathism with bilateral scissor bite was diagnosed. The distance between the tips of canines and the mesial buccal cusps of the first molars was increased by use of a bonded rapid expansion appliance following corticotomy. Appropriate occlusion and lateral pro-file were obtained and maintained after retention. In addition, no gingival recession, hyperesthesia, or root surface caries occurred. These results suggest that mandibular lateral expansion following corticotomy is effective in young adult patients with a narrow mandibular arch.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/terapia , Má Oclusão Classe I de Angle/terapia , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Adolescente , Humanos , Masculino , Ortodontia Interceptora/métodos
20.
Bull Tokyo Dent Coll ; 56(3): 145-51, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26370574

RESUMO

Recently, new methods have been applied to increase velocity of tooth movement. A standard mean of tooth movement velocity remains to be established, however. Moreover, to our knowledge, no studies have investigated the effect of factors affecting this velocity. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of facial pattern on the mean velocity of canine retraction in selected cases of orthodontic treatment carried out at this hospital. A total of 112 patients with Angle Class I crowding treated with extraction of the bilateral maxillary and mandibular first premolars and a conventional edgewise bracket were selected at random. The canine retraction period was defined as that between the end of leveling and the beginning of anterior retraction, and was obtained from medical records. Calipers were used to measure how far the canine cusps moved between pre- and post-surgically on superimposed cephalometric tracings. The velocity of canine retraction was significantly slower in the maxilla of male patients with a brachyofacial pattern (p<0.01). Canine retraction is the longest stage of orthodontic treatment. Here, movement was slowest in the maxilla of male patients with a brachyofacial pattern. This indicates that treatment may take longer than average in male patients with a brachyofacial pattern, and that this should be explained prior to commencing such work.


Assuntos
Dente Pré-Molar , Má Oclusão Classe I de Angle , Extração Dentária , Cefalometria , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila , Aparelhos Ortodônticos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...