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1.
Cartilage ; : 1947603519862318, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31327238

RESUMO

Statins have demonstrated to be effective for treating chondrodysplasia and its effects were believed to be associated with the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3). Statins promoted the degradation of FGFR3 in studies using disease-specific induced pluripotent stem cells and model mice, however, recent studies using normal chondrocytes reported that statins did not degrade FGFR3. In order to further investigate the effects of statins in endochondral ossification, this study examined the influence of statins on Indian hedgehog (Ihh), another important component of endochondral ossification, and its related pathways. The chondrocyte cell line ATDC5 was used to investigate changes in cell proliferation, mRNA, and protein expression levels. In addition, an organ culture of a mouse metatarsal bone was performed followed by hematoxylin-eosin staining and fluorescent immunostaining. Results indicated that expression level of Ihh increased with the addition of statins, which activated the Ihh pathway and altered the localization of Ihh. Changes in cholesterol modification may have affected Ihh diffusibility; however, further experiments are necessary. A reactive increase in parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) was observed in addition to changes in the Wnt pathway through secreted-related protein 2/3 and low-density lipoprotein 5/6. This led to the promotion of cell proliferation, increase of the hypertrophic chondrocyte layer, inhibition of apoptosis, and decrease in mineralization. This study demonstrated that statins had an influence on Ihh, and that the hyperfunction of Ihh may prevent premature cell death caused by FGFR3-related chondrodysplasia through an indirect increase in the expression of PTHrP.

2.
Bull Tokyo Dent Coll ; 57(3): 159-68, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27665693

RESUMO

The present study targeted patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) undergoing either one - (Wardill technique) or two-stage palatoplasty (Perko technique). Correlations between Goslon Yardstick scores and orthodontic appliances used and whether an osteotomy was performed were investigated. No differences were observed between the two types of palatoplasty in terms of Goslon Yardstick scores. A palatal expander and protraction facemask were used in Phase I of orthodontic treatment. The palatal expander was selected for most patients with UCLP in Phase I, regardless of the surgical technique used. A protraction facemask was used in patients undergoing the Wardill procedure who had a Goslon Yardstick score placing them in Group 3 or 4. In contrast, a protraction facemask was used in patients undergoing the Perko procedure who had a Goslon Yardstick score placing them in Group 4. No significant differences were observed in the Goslon Yardstick scores yielded by either type of procedure. The Goslon Yardstick score in relation to whether an osteotomy was performed in Phase II as part of orthodontic treatment was determined, focusing on the relationship between that score and the palatoplasty method used. A protraction facemask was used in patients undergoing the Perko procedure, which eliminated the need for an osteotomy at a future date. However, a protraction facemask was also used in patients undergoing the Wardill option, and those patients were likely to require an osteotomy. In other words, the results suggest that the type of palatoplasty selected will determine the effectiveness of any orthodontic appliances used.


Assuntos
Fissura Palatina/cirurgia , Má Oclusão/patologia , Má Oclusão/terapia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Bucais/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Bucais/estatística & dados numéricos , Ortodontia Corretiva/métodos , Ortodontia Corretiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Pesquisa Comparativa da Efetividade , Arco Dental/anormalidades , Aparelhos de Tração Extrabucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Técnica de Expansão Palatina/instrumentação , Técnica de Expansão Palatina/estatística & dados numéricos , Tóquio , Resultado do Tratamento
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