Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 17 de 17
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e21622, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898997

RESUMO

The objective of the study was to characterize self-reported oral hygiene practices among Mexican older adults aged ≥60 years, and to measure the association between frequency of tooth brushing and a set of sociodemographic, socioeconomic, and dental variables.We conducted a cross-sectional study of 139 older adults aged ≥60 years in Pachuca, Mexico. A questionnaire and a clinical dental examination were administered to identify specific variables. We determined frequency of tooth brushing (or cleaning of dentures or prostheses) and use of toothpaste, mouthwash, and dental floss among respondents. Non-parametric testing was performed for statistical analysis and a multivariate logistic regression model was generated with Stata 11 software to determine frequency of tooth brushing.In our study sample, 53.2% of participants reported brushing their teeth at least once a day, 50.4% always using toothpaste, 16.5% using mouthwash and 3.6% using floss for their oral hygiene. In general, younger and female respondents used oral hygiene aids more than the others. Our multivariate model yielded an association (P < .05) between tooth brushing at least once daily and the following variables: having functional dentition (OR = 12.60), lacking health insurance (OR = 3.72), being retired/pensioned (OR = 4.50), and suffering from a chronic disease (OR = 0.43).The older adults in our sample exhibited deficient oral hygiene behaviors. The results suggest certain socioeconomic inequalities in oral health. The findings of this study should be considered when designing dental care instructions for older adults.


Assuntos
Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Dispositivos para o Cuidado Bucal Domiciliar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Antissépticos Bucais/administração & dosagem , Autorrelato , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Cremes Dentais/administração & dosagem
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(7): e19092, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049814

RESUMO

To determine the treatment needs and the care index for dental caries in the primary dentition and permanent dentition of schoolchildren and to quantify the cost of care that would represent the treatment of dental caries in Mexico.A secondary analysis of data from the First National Caries Survey was conducted, which was a cross-sectional study conducted in the 32 states of Mexico. Based on dmft (average number of decayed, extracted, and filled teeth in the primary dentition) and DMFT (average number of decayed, extracted, and filled teeth in permanent dentition) information, a treatment needs index (TNI) and a caries care index (CI) were calculated.At age 6, the TNI for the primary dentition ranged from 81.7% to 99.5% and the CI ranged from 0.5% to 17.6%. In the permanent dentition, the TNI ranged from 58.8% to 100%, and the CI ranged from 0.0% to 41.2%. At age 12, the TNI ranged from 55.4% to 93.4%, and the CI ranged from 6.5% to 43.4%. At age 15, the TNI ranged from 50.4% to 98.4%, and the CI ranged from 1.4% to 48.3%. The total cost of treatment at 6 years of age was estimated to range from a purchasing power parity (PPP) of USD $49.1 to 287.7 million in the primary dentition, and from a PPP of USD $3.7 to 24 million in the permanent dentition. For the treatment of the permanent dentition of 12-year-olds, the PPP ranged from USD $13.3 to 85.4 million. The estimated cost of treatment of the permanent dentition of the 15-year-olds ranged from a PPP of USD $10.9 to 70.3 million. The total estimated cost of caries treatment ranged from a PPP of USD $77.1 to 499.6 million, depending on the type of treatment and provider (public or private).High percentages of TNI for dental caries and low CI values were observed. The estimated costs associated with the treatment for caries have an impact because they represent a considerable percentage of the total health expenditure in Mexico.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Adolescente , Criança , Custos e Análise de Custo , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/economia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Prevalência
3.
Clin Interv Aging ; 14: 219-224, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30787597

RESUMO

Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine whether there are differences in the distribution of various indicators of oral health among elderly people with and without multimorbidity (ie, two or more chronic diseases). Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional, comparative study was conducted using a sample of Mexican elderly individuals aged ≥60 years. The average age of the cohort was 79.06±9.78 years, and 69.1% were women. The variables indicating oral health were as follows: functional dentition, edentulism, hyposalivation, xerostomia, root caries and periodontitis. The multimorbidity variable was operationally categorized as follows: 0= subjects with no chronic disease or one chronic disease and 1= subjects with two or more chronic diseases. Questionnaires were used to collect information on various variables regarding general health. Likewise, the participants underwent a clinical oral examination. The analysis was performed using Stata 11.0. Results: The overall prevalence of multimorbidity was 27.3%. The prevalences of various oral health indicators were as follows: without functional dentition 89.9%; hyposalivation 59.7%; edentulism 38.9% and self-reported xerostomia 25.2%. Dental caries were observed in 95.3% of the subjects, and the prevalence of severe periodontitis was 80%. We found a significant difference only in edentulism; its prevalence was higher among subjects with multimorbidity (55.3% vs 32.7%, P=0.015) than among those without multimorbidity. Conclusion: The presence of edentulism in this sample of Mexican older adults was higher in subjects with multimorbidity. Multimorbidity and oral diseases constitute a true challenge in elderly people, because they affect quality of life and are associated with high health care costs.


Assuntos
Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Multimorbidade , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Boca Edêntula/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Clin Interv Aging ; 13: 1129-1133, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29942121

RESUMO

Background: Aging is one of the most prominent features in recent population dynamics around the world. As populations age, the prevalence of simultaneous chronic diseases increases, which is known as multimorbidity. Objective: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of multimorbidity and associated factors in a sample of elderly Mexican subjects. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed on a convenience sample of 139 subjects aged ≥60 years. The dependent variable was the multimorbidity diagnosis performed by a physician, which was categorized as 0 for subjects with no chronic disease or only 1 disease and 1 for subjects with 2 or more chronic diseases. Questionnaires were used to collect the information on the different variables. A statistical analysis was performed in Stata 11.0. Results: The mean age was 79.06±9.78 years, and 69.1% of the subjects were women. A total of 69.1% (95% confidence interval =61.3-76.8) reported at least 1 morbidity. The mean morbidity by subject was 1.04±1.90. Cardiovascular diseases (25.9%), hypertension (20.1%), musculoskeletal disorders (19.4%), and diabetes (13.7%) were the most frequently reported conditions. The prevalence of multimorbidity (2 or more diseases) was 27.3% (95% confidence interval =19.8-34.8). No significant differences were observed in the independent variables. Conclusion: In conclusion, the prevalence of multimorbidity in this sample of elderly Mexican subjects was relatively low. The distribution across the included variables was not significantly different. Interventions focused on the health care of older adults with multimorbidity should pay special attention to cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, and musculoskeletal disorders.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Países em Desenvolvimento , Multimorbidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência
5.
Sci Rep ; 7: 40686, 2017 01 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28094800

RESUMO

We determined the prevalence of hyposalivation and xerostomia in older Mexicans (≥60 years), and its relationship with diverse factors. A cross-sectional study was realized in elderly subjects from Pachuca, Mexico. Chewing-stimulated saliva was collected under standardized conditions and salivary flow was measured; subjects were considered to have hyposalivation if their stimulated salivary flow was less than 0.7 mL per minute. Xerostomia was evaluated by asking subjects 'Does your mouth feel dry?'. Hyposalivation was present in 59.7%, and xerostomia in 25.2% of subjects. 16.5% of subjects had both conditions. Xerostomia was present in 27.7% of subjects with hyposalivation and 21.4% of subjects without hyposalivation, but the difference was not significant (p > 0.05). Thus, 68.3% of older Mexicans had xerostomia and/or hyposalivation. Factors associated with hyposalivation were: using fewer devices in oral hygiene, lacking social benefits for retirement/pension, living in a public retirement home, brushing teeth less than twice a day and lacking teeth without dentures. None of the factors included in this study were associated with xerostomia. We concluded that several variables studied were associated with hyposalivation, but none for xerostomia. Additional research should examine the amount of hyposalivation and factors associated with hyposalivation especially in elderly with increased risk for hyposalivation.


Assuntos
Xerostomia/epidemiologia , Xerostomia/etiologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Xerostomia/terapia
6.
P R Health Sci J ; 35(2): 88-92, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27232870

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the experience of tooth loss, as well as its associated variables, in a sample of adult Mexicans, aged 60 years and older. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was part of a larger project to measure diverse oral health indicators in a convenience sample: it included 139 adult Mexican seniors (69.1% of whom were women), ages 60 years and older, either living in long-term care facilities or living independently and participating in adult day care services. Each participant underwent an oral examination to determine the number of missing teeth. Questionnaires were administered to collect sociodemographic, socioeconomic, and behavioral data. Statistical analyses were performed using nonparametric tests and negative binomial regression. RESULTS: The mean age was 79.06 (±9.78 years). The mean number of missing teeth was 20.02 (±8.61; median, 24); 99.3% of the participants had at least 1 missing tooth, and only 14 had 20 teeth or more. Using a negative binomial regression multivariate model, we found that for each year's increase in age, the mean number of teeth lost increased by 1% (p<0.05). In individuals who brushed their teeth fewer than two times a day, who had received radiotherapy, or who were currently smokers, the average tooth loss increased 49.2%, 22.6%, and 19.0%, respectively (p<0.01). CONCLUSION: Tooth-loss experience in these Mexican seniors was very high (20.02±8.61). Older age (within the range of this group of seniors), tooth-brushing patterns, the receipt of radiation therapy, and (current) tobacco use were associated with higher experience of tooth loss.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Higiene Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Fumar/epidemiologia , Perda de Dente/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Lesões por Radiação/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-757881

RESUMO

Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de dentición funcional (DF) y su distribución a través de diversas variables clínicas, sociodemográficas y socioeconómicas de una muestra de ancianos mexicanos. Material y métodos En un estudio transversal se incluyeron 139 adultos de 60 años y más de 2 asilos y un club de ancianos de la ciudad de Pachuca, Hidalgo, México. La variable dependiente fue la dentición funcional; operacionalmente categorizada como: 0 = sujetos con menos de 21 dientes presentes en la boca y 1 = sujetos con 21 o más dientes en la boca, excluyendo prótesis. Las variables sociodemográficas, socioeconómicas y conductuales se recogieron a través de un cuestionario. Las variables clínicas fueron recabadas por un examinador capacitado y estandarizado. El análisis se realizó utilizando pruebas no paramétricas en Stata. Resultados El promedio de edad fue de 79,06 +/- 9,78. La mayoría de los sujetos incluidos fueron mujeres (69,1 por ciento). La prevalencia de dentición funcional fue de 10,1 por ciento. En el análisis bivariado observamos lo siguiente: los sujetos con DF tuvieron menor edad (p < 0,05); entre las mujeres se observó mayor prevalencia de DF (p < 0,05); las personas con pareja presentaron más alto porcentaje de DF (p < 0,05); la prevalencia de DF fue diferente a través de los tipos de asilamiento (p < 0,05). Conclusiones Los datos sugieren una baja prevalencia de dentición funcional en esta muestra de adultos mayores. Este estudio demuestra que la DF varía en función de variables sociodemográficas.


Objective: To determine the prevalence of functional teeth (FT) and their distribution using clinical, demographic, and socioeconomic variables in a sample of Mexican elderly. Material and methods This cross-sectional study of 139 adults aged 60 years and older was conducted in two nursing homes and one club in Pachuca, Hidalgo, Mexico. The dependent variable was FT, and participants were operationally categorised as 0 (having less than 21 teeth) or 1 (having 21 or more teeth). Those categorised as 1 comprised the FT group. Sociodemographic, socioeconomic, and behavioural variables were collected using a questionnaire. Clinical variables were collected by a trained examiner using a standardised examination. Analysis was performed using non-parametric tests in Stata. Results The mean age was 79.06 +/- 9.78 years. Most (69.1 percent) of the participants were women. The prevalence of FT was 10.1 percent. In the bivariate analysis, it was observed that the FT group was younger (p < .05), women displayed a greater prevalence of FT than men (p < .05), as did those involved in a relationship compared to being single (p < .05), and FT prevalence differed by type of isolation (p < .05). Conclusions The prevalence of FT is low among nursing home residents and club members, and it varies with age, sex, relationship status, and type of isolation.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Dentição , Saúde Bucal , Estudos Transversais , México , Análise Multivariada , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos
8.
Rev Invest Clin ; 66(6): 505-11, 2014.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25729867

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the experience, prevalence and severity of dental caries as well as to establish the treatment needs and restorative care in adolescents and young adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 638 subjects 16-25 years old candidates to enter to state public university of San Luis Potosí, México. For caries detection was used the DMFT index (sum of decayed teeth + missing teeth + filled teeth in the permanent dentition). With DMFT index data were calculated the experience, the prevalence and the severity of caries. Also are reported the significant caries index (SiC), the treatment needs index (TNI) and the care index (CI). Statistical analysis was performed using nonparametric tests. RESULTS: The mean DMFT index was 4.24 ± 3.85, prevalence 76.5% and severity of 52.3% for DMFT > 3 and 26.2% for DMFT > 6. The SiC index was 8.7. The TNI was 43.0% and 52.8% CI. No variation was observed (p > 0.05) on the experience, prevalence and severity of caries by age. The component "filled teeth" showed differences by age (p < 0.05). Women had higher caries experience and severity than men (p < 0.05), equally "decay teeth" and "filled teeth" (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: We observed high levels of experience, prevalence and severity of dental caries in this sample of adolescents and young adults. We found almost 40% of untreated caries lesions. We found some differences by sex.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Serviços de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
9.
Med Sci Monit ; 19: 1019-26, 2013 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24247119

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our study aimed to evaluate the effect of various risk indicators for dental caries on primary teeth of Nicaraguan children (from Leon, Nicaragua) ages 6 to 9, using the negative binomial regression model. MATERIAL/METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out to collect clinical, demographic, socioeconomic, and behavioral data from 794 schoolchildren ages 6 to 9 years, randomly selected from 25 schools in the city of León, Nicaragua. Clinical examinations for dental caries (dmft index) were performed by 2 trained and standardized examiners. Socio-demographic, socioeconomic, and behavioral data were self-reported using questionnaires. Multivariate negative binomial regression (NBR) analysis was used. RESULTS: Mean age was 7.49 ± 1.12 years. Boys accounted for 50.1% of the sample. Mean dmft was 3.54 ± 3.13 and caries prevalence (dmft >0) was 77.6%. In the NBR multivariate model (p<0.05), for each year of age, the expected mean dmft decreased by 7.5%. Brushing teeth at least once a day and having received preventive dental care in the last year before data collection were associated with declines in the expected mean dmft by 19.5% and 69.6%, respectively. Presence of dental plaque increased the expected mean dmft by 395.5%. CONCLUSIONS: The proportion of students with caries in this sample was high. We found associations between dental caries in the primary dentition and dental plaque, brushing teeth at least once a day, and having received preventive dental care. To improve oral health, school programs and/or age-appropriate interventions need to be developed based on the specific profile of caries experience and the associated risk indicators.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Placa Dentária/patologia , Dente Decíduo/patologia , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Cárie Dentária/patologia , Placa Dentária/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Nicarágua/epidemiologia , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Biomedica ; 33(1): 88-98, 2013.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23715311

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Dental caries is one of the most common chronic childhood diseases worldwide. In Mexico it is a public health problem. OBJECTIVE: To identify variables associated with caries occurrence (non-reversible and reversible lesions) in a sample of Mexican schoolchildren. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study in 640 schoolchildren of 11 and 12 years of age. The dependent variable was the D 1+2 MFT index, comprising reversible and irreversible carious lesions (dental caries) according to the Pitts D 1 /D 2 classification. Clinical examinations were performed by trained and standardized examiners. Using structured questionnaires we collected socio-demographic, socio-economic and health-related oral behaviors. Negative binomial regression was used for the analysis. RESULTS: The D 1+2 MFT index was 5.68±3.47. The schoolchildren characteristics associated with an increase in the expected average rate of dental caries were: being female (27.1%), having 12 years of age (23.2%), consuming larger amounts of sugar (13.9%), having mediocre (31.3%) and poor/very poor oral hygiene (62.3%). Conversely, when the family owned a car the expected mean D 1+2 MFT decreased 13.5%. CONCLUSIONS: When dental caries occurrence (about 6 decayed teeth) is estimated taking into consideration not only cavities (lesions in need of restorative dental treatment) but also incipient carious lesions, the character of this disease as a common clinical problem and as a public health problem are further emphasized. Results revealed the need to establish preventive and curative strategies in the sample.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Sacarose na Dieta , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Higiene Bucal , Análise de Regressão , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 33(1): 88-98, ene.-mar. 2013. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-675136

RESUMO

Introducción. La caries dental es una de las enfermedades crónicas infantiles más frecuentes. En México es un problema de salud pública bucal. Objetivo. Identificar las variables asociadas a la presencia de caries (lesiones reversibles e irreversibles) en una muestra de escolares mexicanos. Materiales y métodos. Se hizo un estudio transversal en 640 escolares de 11 y 12 años de edad. La variable dependiente fue el índice C 1+2 POD, contemplando las lesiones cariosas (caries dental) reversibles e irreversibles según la clasificación C 1 /C 2 / de Pitts. Se practicaron exámenes clínicos por examinadores capacitados y estandarizados. Utilizando cuestionarios estructurados, se recogieron variables sociodemográficas, socioeconómicas y sobre conductas relacionadas con la salud bucal. En el análisis se empleó el modelo de regresión binomial negativa. Resultados. El índice C 1+2 POD fue 5,68±3,47. Las características de los escolares que estuvieron asociadas a un incremento en la media esperada del índice de caries dental fueron: ser del sexo femenino (27,1 %), tener 12 años de edad (23,2 %), consumir mayores cantidades de azúcar (13,9 %), tener higiene bucal regular (31,3 %), o tener mala o muy mala higiene bucal (62,3 %). Contrariamente, el que la familia poseyera un automóvil disminuyó 13,5 % la media esperada del C 1+2 POD. Conclusiones. Cuando se toman en consideración las caries que presentan cavidades y aquellas que se encuentran en un estado incipiente de desarrollo, se acentúa aún más el carácter de esta enfermedad (promedio de casi seis dientes con caries) como un problema clínico común y un problema de salud pública bucal. Los resultados revelan la necesidad de establecer estrategias preventivas y curativas en la muestra.


Introduction: Dental caries is one of the most common chronic childhood diseases worldwide. In Mexico it is a public health problem. Objective: To identify variables associated with caries occurrence (non-reversible and reversible lesions) in a sample of Mexican schoolchildren. Material and methods: We performed a cross-sectional study in 640 schoolchildren of 11 and 12 years of age. The dependent variable was the D 1+2 MFT index, comprising reversible and irreversible carious lesions (dental caries) according to the Pitts D 1 /D 2 classification. Clinical examinations were performed by trained and standardized examiners. Using structured questionnaires we collected socio-demographic, socio-economic and health-related oral behaviors. Negative binomial regression was used for the analysis. Results: The D 1+2 MFT index was 5.68±3.47. The schoolchildren characteristics associated with an increase in the expected average rate of dental caries were: being female (27.1%), having 12 years of age (23.2%), consuming larger amounts of sugar (13.9%), having mediocre (31.3%) and poor/very poor oral hygiene (62.3%). Conversely, when the family owned a car the expected mean D 1+2 MFT decreased 13.5%. Conclusions: When dental caries occurrence (about 6 decayed teeth) is estimated taking into consideration not only cavities (lesions in need of restorative dental treatment) but also incipient carious lesions, the character of this disease as a common clinical problem and as a public health problem are further emphasized. Results revealed the need to establish preventive and curative strategies in the sample.


Assuntos
Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Sacarose na Dieta , Índice CPO , Comportamento Alimentar , México/epidemiologia , Higiene Bucal , Análise de Regressão , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 17(5): 807-813, sept. 2012. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-103124

RESUMO

Background: Diverse variables are implicated in the pathogenesis of gingival recession; more detailed knowledge about the relationship between the clinical presentation of gingival recession and assorted risk indicators may lead to improved patient monitoring, early intervention, and subsequent prevention. The objective was to evaluate clinically gingival recession in a homogeneous Mexican adult male population and to determine the strength of association with related factors. Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a largely homogeneous group in terms of ethnic background, socioeconomic status, gender, occupation, and medical/dental insurance, in Campeche, Mexico. Periodontal examinations were undertaken to determine diverse clinical dental variables. All periodontal clinical examinations were assessed using the Florida Probe System, a dental chair and one examiner. Questionnaires were used to collect diverse risk indicators. Statistical analyses were undertaken with negative binomial regression models. Results: The mean number of sites with gingival recession per subject was 6.73±5.81; the prevalence was 87.6%. In the negative binomial regression model we observed that for (i) each year of age, and (ii) each percentage unit of increase in sites with plaque, and (iii) with suppuration, mean sites with gingival recession increased 2.9%, 1.0% and 13.0%, respectively. Having a spouse was associated with gingival recession. Conclusions: We observed association between gingival recession, and sociodemographic and clinical parameters. Patients need to be educated about risk indicators for gingival recession as well as the preventive maneuvers that may be implemented to minimize its occurrence. The potential of improved oral self-care to prevent a largely benign condition such as gingival recession is important, given the associated disorders that may ensue root exposure, such as root caries and root hypersensitivity (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Retração Gengival/epidemiologia , Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Assistência Odontológica , México/epidemiologia , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice Periodontal , Fatores de Risco
13.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal ; 17(5): e807-13, 2012 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22549678

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diverse variables are implicated in the pathogenesis of gingival recession; more detailed knowledge about the relationship between the clinical presentation of gingival recession and assorted risk indicators may lead to improved patient monitoring, early intervention, and subsequent prevention. The objective was to evaluate clinically gingival recession in a homogeneous Mexican adult male population and to determine the strength of association with related factors. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a largely homogeneous group in terms of ethnic background, socioeconomic status, gender, occupation, and medical/dental insurance, in Campeche, Mexico. Periodontal examinations were undertaken to determine diverse clinical dental variables. All periodontal clinical examinations were assessed using the Florida Probe System, a dental chair and one examiner. Questionnaires were used to collect diverse risk indicators. Statistical analyses were undertaken with negative binomial regression models. RESULTS: The mean number of sites with gingival recession per subject was 6.73±5.81; the prevalence was 87.6%. In the negative binomial regression model we observed that for (i) each year of age, and (ii) each percentage unit of increase in sites with plaque, and (iii) with suppuration, mean sites with gingival recession increased 2.9%, 1.0% and 13.0%, respectively. Having a spouse was associated with gingival recession. CONCLUSIONS: We observed association between gingival recession, and sociodemographic and clinical parameters. Patients need be educated about risk indicators for gingival recession as well as the preventive maneuvers that may be implemented to minimize its occurrence. The potential of improved oral self-care to prevent a largely benign condition such as gingival recession is important, given the associated disorders that may ensue root exposure, such as root caries and root hypersensitivity.


Assuntos
Retração Gengival/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , México , Fatores de Risco
14.
Geriatr Gerontol Int ; 12(2): 271-6, 2012 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22032698

RESUMO

AIM: To determine the prevalence of root caries and the root caries index in a population of older Mexicans, and its relationship to socioeconomic, sociodemographic and dental factors. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional study in 85 persons 60 years and older living either in long-term care facilities, or independently and attending an elder day-care group. Each subject underwent an oral examination, performed by a trained and standardized dentist, to determine the root caries index and other clinical variables. Questionnaires were administered to collect socioeconomic, sociodemographic and hygiene data. Statistical analyses were performed using non-parametric tests. RESULTS: The prevalence of root caries was 96.5%. The root caries index was 37.7% ± 21.7%. Statistically significant differences (P < 0.05) of root caries index were observed across residential arrangements and marital statuses, and were higher in publicly funded long-term care and among single subjects (P < 0.05). Those who had poor hygiene had more root caries (P < 0.05); persons with a low level of schooling and who brushed their teeth less frequently also showed a difference (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of root caries was very high. The type of long-term care, marital status, schooling and oral hygiene were associated with a higher root caries index. Oral health programs and preventive caries interventions are needed for this age group in general; targeted strategies may be better focused if sociodemographic profiles are used to characterize high need groups.


Assuntos
Cárie Radicular/epidemiologia , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência
15.
Rev. estomatol. Hered ; 20(4): 191-195, oct.-dic. 2010. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: lil-588827

RESUMO

El objetivo de este estudio fue estimar la prevalencia de pérdida de dientes (PD) permanentes en una población universitaria de adolescentes y adultos jóvenes, así como conocer su distribución por edad y sexo. Se realizó un estudio transversal en una muestra de 1027 adolescentes y adultos jóvenes de 16 a 25 años de edad seleccionados aleatoriamente del total de aspirantes a las licenciaturas de la Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, México. La variable dependiente fue la prevalencia de PD, codificándose como 0=sujetos sin PD y 1=sujetos que tuvieron al menos un diente perdido. Otras variables incluidas fueron edad y sexo del sujeto. El análisis se llevó a cabo en STATA v9,0 con regresión logística. El promedio de edad de los sujetos incluidos fue de 18,20±1,65 y 52,0% fueron hombres. La prevalencia de sujetos con PD fue de 18,0% (n=185) y el promedio de 0,46±1,13, mientras que en quienes tuvieron al menos uno perdido fue de 2,54±1,32. El número máximo de PD fue de 5. En el modelo ajustado obtuvimos significancia estadística en la edad (RM=1,11; p<0,05). Las mujeres tuvieron 41% mayor riesgo de presentar al menos un diente perdido que los hombres. Los sujetos que presentaron más de 6 obturaciones tuvieron mayor posibilidad de tener dientes perdidos (RM=1,60; p<0,05). Los hallazgos indican que la experiencia de tener PD alcanza casi el 20%, además se mostró una asociación entre la PD con la edad, el sexo y el número de obturaciones. Este estudio demuestra la existencia de desigualdades de género.


The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of permanent teeth loss in a university population of adolescents and young adults, and also to determine the distribution by age and sex. A cross-sectional study was carried out in a sample of 1027 adolescents and young adults from 16 to 25 years old selected randomly from the total number of applicants to the bachelor's degree program of San Luis Potosi University, Mexico. The dependent variable was the prevalence of tooth loss, codified as "0"=subjects without tooth loss and "1"=subjects with at least one tooth loss. Others variables included were age and sex. Analyzes was performed in STATA 9.0 with logistic regression. The mean of age was 18.20±1.65 and 52.0% were men. The prevalence of tooth loss was 18.0% (n=185) and the mean of 0.46±1.13, whereas in subjects with at least one tooth loss the mean was 2.54±1.32. The maximum number of teeth loss was 5. In the adjusted model we obtained statistic significance in the age (OR=1.11; p<0.05). Women have 41% high risk to present at least one tooth loss than men. Subjects that presented more of 6 filling have high possibility to have teeth loss (OR=1.60; p<0.05). Findings indicate that the experience to have tooth loss reaches nearly 20.0%, and that there was relationship between tooth loss and age, sex and number of fillings. This study demonstrates the existence of gender inequalities.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Perda de Dente , Saúde Bucal , Estudos Transversais , México
16.
Gac Med Mex ; 146(4): 264-8, 2010.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20964069

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Identify the variables associated with periodontal status and tooth loss among a sample of adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional study among 161 policemen. Our sample was representative of socioeconomics status and lifestyle among policemen in Campeche, Mexico. All periodontal clinical examinations were assessed using the Florida Probe System using a fixed dental chair and one examiner. The variables we measured included presence of dental plaque, calculus, probing deep, gingival insertion, loss of attachment, gingival retraction, suppuration, and probing blood. We examined six sites surrounding all teeth available in the mouth (maximum 168 sites and excluded third molars). Statistical analyses were performed with STATA 8.2 using a bivariate negative binomial regression model due to over-dispersion in the dependent variable. RESULTS: The mean age was 38.36 +/- 10.99 (range: 20-78). The mean of tooth and sites examined in participants was 24.45 +/- 4.63 and 146.72 +/- 27.80, respectively. The prevalence of tooth loss was 73.3%. 571 teeth were missing and the overall mean of missing teeth was 3.55 +/- 4.63 and within subjects with tooth loss was 4.84 +/- 4.80. The prevalence of functional dentition (21 tooth or more) was 83.8%. To have > 20% gingivitis, > 5% of sites with probing deep > or = 4 mm, > 5% of sites with gingival retraction, > 70% of sites with attachment loss > 2 mm, and each unit of age increase the mean expected of tooth loss by 70.6%, 41.8, 156.4%, 86.9%, and 3.6%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our study findings confirm that lost teeth are common among study participants. Higher prevalence and average of tooth loss was observed among this adult population. Several variables of periodontal status were associated with tooth loss.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Polícia , Perda de Dente/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , México , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Adulto Jovem
17.
Rev Invest Clin ; 61(6): 489-96, 2009.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20184130

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the association between tooth brushing frequency and variables of socioeconomic position in Nicaraguan schoolchildren. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross sectional study was undertaken in 1353 schoolchildren ages 6 to 12 randomly selected from 25 elementary schools in Leon, Nicaragua. Using a questionnaire addressed to mothers, sociodemographic, socioeconomic and behavioral variables were collected. The dependent variable was tooth brushing frequency, which was dichotomized in 0 "at least one 7 times/week" and 1 "7 or more times/week". A multivariate analysis was carried out with logistic regression in STATA 9. RESULTS: The average age of child participants was 8.99 +/- 2.00 years and 49.7% were women. In the final model, older age (OR = 2.04), female sex (OR = 1.39) and having a mother with positive attitudes toward oral health (OR = 2.5) were positively associated with the tooth brushing frequency (p < 0.05). Larger family size (OR = 0.89) and having low socioeconomic status (1st quartile; OR = 0.54, 2nd quartile; OR = 0.62, 3rd quartile; OR = 0.67) showed a negative relationship with the tooth brushing frequency. To have had at least one preventive dental visit in the previous year was positively associated (p < 0.10) with tooth brushing frequency. CONCLUSION: This study suggested that existence of indicators of socioeconomic inequalities exist even within less developed countries, and thus emphasize the need to target health promotion programs to vulnerable socioeconomic groups.


Assuntos
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Saúde Bucal , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Nicarágua , Fatores Socioeconômicos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA