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1.
Dent J (Basel) ; 9(12)2021 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34940048

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) has affected dental education in Malaysia. However, studies on dental students' knowledge, perception, and behaviors with regards to COVID-19 are very limited. Thus, this study aims to determine the knowledge status, perceived risk, and preventive behaviors of dental students in Malaysia regarding COVID-19. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among students from 13 dental schools across Malaysia using online questionnaires. RESULTS: From 355 respondents, 93.5% obtained a high score of knowledge of COVID-19. Female respondents scored higher than males in perceived risks and preventive behaviors. Chinese respondents scored highest in knowledge, while Malay respondents had the highest perceived risk score. The mean preventive behavior score did not vary across ethnicity. On-campus students scored higher in knowledge and perceived risk whereas off-campus students practiced more preventive behaviors. Clinical students' knowledge score was higher than preclinical students. Final year students scored higher in knowledge and perceived risk compared to their juniors. CONCLUSION: The majority of dental students have good knowledge and a high perceived risk of COVID-19, and they practiced most of the preventive behaviors. However, the latest information on this disease should be incorporated into dental schools' curriculums and updated periodically.

2.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 39(1): 2-8, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33885380

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the effectiveness of multisensory-adapted environment on children's behavior toward dental treatment, specifically in special need children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The main health databases were selected such as SCOPUS, Medline, CINAHL, and Dentistry and Oral Sciences. A set of keywords was defined to identify the relevant article were (i.e., Snoezelen OR Multisensory OR sensory-adapted and Dentistry OR Oral). The articles were selected and extracted by two reviewers based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis guidelines and some predetermined exclusion criteria. Furthermore, the risk of bias assessment was done. RESULTS: A total of 317 papers were selected at the first phase from SCOPUS (97 papers), Medline (108 papers), CINAHL (110 papers), and Dentistry and Oral Sciences (2 papers). After applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria and duplicated papers were removed, only four eligible papers were selected for final synthesis. CONCLUSIONS: Multisensory-adapted dental environment effectively improves oral health behavior among special needs children in terms of physiological changes, behaviors, pain, and sensory discomfort. Thus, the clinician may introduce this approach in their clinical settings.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica , Criança , Humanos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35010473

RESUMO

AIM: To assess the knowledge and perceptions of COVID-19 among pediatric dentists based on their dependent source of information. METHODS: A descriptive-analytical cross-sectional survey using a self-administered questionnaire with 23 questions was sent via Google forms to pediatric dentists. All participants were divided into three groups [postgraduate residents (PGs), private practitioners (PP), and faculty (F)]. The comparison of knowledge and perception scores was made based on occupation, source of information, and descriptive statistics used for the analysis using SPSS 21.0 (IBM, Armonk, NY, USA). RESULTS: A total of 291 pediatric dentists completed the survey, and the majority of them were females (65%). Overall, good mean scores were obtained for knowledge (9.2 ± 1.07) and perceptions (5.6 ± 1.5). The majority of the participants used health authorities (45%) to obtain updates on COVID-19, while social media (35.1%) and both (19.6%) accounted for the next two. A statistically significant difference (p < 0.05) was found among different pediatric dentists groups for relying on the source of information. CONCLUSION: Overall good pediatric dentists showed sufficient knowledge regarding COVID-19. The pediatric dentists' age, occupation, and source of information influenced knowledge regarding COVID-19, whereas perceptions were influenced by age and gender of the participants. Health authorities successfully educated pediatric dentists than the social media.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Criança , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Estudos Transversais , Odontólogos , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Padrões de Prática Odontológica , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Arch Oral Biol ; 118: 104855, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32801092

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to investigate the effects if probiotics can inhibit oral carcinogenesis. DESIGN: PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and PLOS databases were searched up to February 2020 to identify randomised controlled trials that fulfilled the eligibility criteria. Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) Critical Appraisal Tool was used for quality assessment of articles. This review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (PRISMA-P) 2015 protocol guidelines. RESULT: The initial search retrieved 774 articles. Of these, only five articles were included in the qualitative synthesis. Two out of the five papers were further analysed for quantitative synthesis in meta-analysis. The majority of the included studies were found to be of "moderate quality". The qualitative synthesis found four probiotics that exhibited potential therapeutic effects in oral carcinogenesis, includingAcetobacter syzygii, AJ2, Lactobacillus plantarum, and Lactobacillus salivarius REN. Among them, the application of L. salivarius REN resulted in a 95 % lower risk for developing oral cancer (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: It is known that probiotics have the potential to inhibit oral carcinogenesis, thus supporting the hypothesis of the study. The ability of L. salivarius REN to inhibit the development of oral cancer suggested that this bacterium can be a potential inhibitory agent against oral carcinogenesis.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese , Neoplasias Bucais , Probióticos/farmacologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/prevenção & controle
5.
J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab ; 30(11): 1155-1159, 2017 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28988224

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the oral health status of children with type 1 diabetes and healthy controls. METHODS: This comparative study involved 64 children, 32 children with type 1 diabetes and 32 age- and gender-matched controls. Oral health examination was conducted using WHO criteria. Dental caries experience was recorded using DMFT/dmft index and periodontal parameters were assessed using plaque, gingivitis, gingival bleeding and calculus indexes. Dental caries and periodontal parameters between the two groups were compared using the Mann-Whitney U-test. RESULTS: Children with diabetes exhibited significantly greater plaque deposits (p=0.01) and a higher mean plaque index (p<0.01), when compared to healthy subjects. No significant difference in DMFT and dmft scores, mean bleeding index, calculus index and gingival index was found between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Children with type 1 diabetes had a poor oral health status with greater plaque accumulation than children without diabetes.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária/epidemiologia , Complicações do Diabetes/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/fisiopatologia , Gengivite/epidemiologia , Saúde Bucal , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Placa Dentária/diagnóstico , Complicações do Diabetes/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/complicações , Feminino , Seguimentos , Gengivite/diagnóstico , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Prognóstico
6.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 108(3): 369-81, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25817182

RESUMO

AIM: This systematic review investigated the oral health status of children with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted using PubMed/Medline, Web of Knowledge, SCOPUS and EMBASE. The search included all studies published from inception of database to January 2014. A total of 1179 abstracts were analyzed for selection in 2 phases. The first phase selection was based on the title and abstracts alone. The selected abstracts were then included for second phase, where full articles were obtained. The selection was carried out by 2 independent reviewers (Kappa value=0.809). Only 37 articles were included for final analysis in this review. RESULTS: There is conflicting evidence in the caries experience between children with type 1 diabetes and healthy children. For periodontal health, most studies reported significantly greater plaque accumulation and higher gingival index in children with type 1 diabetes. Cohort studies reported no significant differences in perioodontal parameters over time. CONCLUSIONS: There is conflicting evidence regarding the caries experience of children with type 1 diabetes, but they exhibit poorer periodontal health status with greater plaque accumulation compared to healthy children. Further studies are warranted to assess the oral health status of children with type 1 diabetes.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/complicações , Saúde Bucal , Criança , Feminino , Humanos
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