Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 120
Filtrar
1.
Cancer Rep (Hoboken) ; : e1613, 2022 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35302279

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Therapeutic strategies for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (u-HCC) in geriatric patients are important for real-world practice. However, there remain no established biomarkers or therapeutic strategies regarding the best second-line agent after atezolizumab plus bevacizumab therapy. AIM: In this study, we investigated the usefulness of modified Geriatric 8 (mG8) score in examining elderly patients (≥75 years old) with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (u-HCC) using sorafenib or lenvatinib as first-line therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study assessed 101 elderly patients with u-HCC for their mG8 score (excluding elements of age from 8 items) and classified them into 2 groups according to their mG8 score: ≥11 as the high-score group and ≤ 10 as the low-score group. Among those taking sorafenib, no significant differences were noted in overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) between low and high mG8 score groups. Only modified albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) grade (2b/3 vs. 1/2a: HR 0.34; 95% CI, 0.17-0.69; p = .0029) was significantly associated with OS. Among those taking lenvatinib, patients with a high mG8 score (n = 26) had longer survival than those with a low mG8 score (n = 10) (20.0 months vs. 7.7 months: HR 0.31, 95% CI 0.11-0.89; p = .029). Intrahepatic tumor volume (<50% vs. ≥50%: HR 16.7; 95% CI, 1.71-163; p = .016) and α-fetoprotein (AFP) (<400 vs. ≥400: HR 3.38; 95% CI 0.84-19.7; p = .031) remained significant factors independently associated with OS. CONCLUSIONS: The mG8 score may contribute to making a decision when considering either sorafenib or lenvatinib as a treatment option for u-HCC in elderly patients.

2.
PLoS One ; 17(2): e0264075, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35196341

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: The long-term prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated at a very-early-stage (the Barcelona Clinical Liver Cancer (BCLC) classification stage 0) was unclear, especially in terms of background liver disease. METHODS: This single-center, retrospective study included 302 patients with BCLC stage 0 HCC treated with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and followed for at least six months. We examined the impact of background liver disease on overall survival and recurrence. RESULTS: The median age was 72 (range; 36-91) years; the median tumor diameter was 15 (range; 8-20) mm. The etiologies of background liver disease were hepatitis B virus infection (HBV) in 24 cases, hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) in 195 cases, and non-viral (NBNC) in 83 cases. Among the patients with HCV, 63 had achieved sustained virological response (SVR) by antiviral therapy (HCV SVR) before developing HCC (n = 37) or after HCC treatment (n = 26), and 132 had active HCV infection (HCV non-SVR). The median overall survival was 85 (95% CI; 72-98) months, and the median recurrence-free survival was 26 (95% CI; 20-30) months. Active infection with hepatitis C virus negatively contributed to overall survival (HR 2.91, 95% CI 1.31-3.60, p = 0.003) and recurrence-free survival (HR 1.47, 95% CI 1.06-2.05, p = 0.011). CONCLUSIONS: The prognosis of RFA treatment for very early-stage HCC was favorable. Achieving SVR in hepatitis C was important for further prognosis improvement.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Ablação por Radiofrequência
3.
Invest New Drugs ; 40(2): 392-402, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586531

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of atezolizumab plus bevacizumab therapy in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (u-HCC) based on whether they had previously received systemic therapy, as well as the association of atezolizumab plus bevacizumab with early alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) response in real-world practice. METHODS: A total of 52 patients with u-HCC were treated with atezolizumab plus bevacizumab between October 2020 and April 2021. The Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) and modified RECIST were used to evaluate radiological responses. RESULTS: The patients received atezolizumab plus bevacizumab as 1st-line (n = 23), 2nd-line (n = 16), 3rd-line (n = 6), 4th-line (n = 3), 5th-line (n = 3), or 6th-line (n = 1) therapy. According to RECIST, the objective response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) in all patients were 15.4% and 57.7%. In the 1st-line patients, ORR and DCR based on RECIST 1.1 were 27.3% and 81.8%. The median time to progression (TTP) assessed by RECIST was significantly longer among patients receiving atezolizumab plus bevacizumab as 1st-line therapy than in patients receiving atezolizumab plus bevacizumab as later-line therapy (P < 0.001). Patients with an AFP response (reduction ≥ 20% from baseline) at 6 weeks had a significantly longer TTP assessed by RECIST than those without an AFP response (P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Patients who received atezolizumab plus bevacizumab as 1st-line therapy had better clinical outcome than those who received atezolizumab plus bevacizumab in later lines. The AFP response at 6 weeks could be a predictor of disease progression.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bevacizumab/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Humanos , Japão , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , alfa-Fetoproteínas
4.
J Gastroenterol ; 57(1): 19-29, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34796398

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is considered to be caused by the interaction between genetic background and environmental triggers. Previous case-control studies have indicated the associations of environmental factors (tobacco smoking, a history of urinary tract infection, and hair dye) use with PBC. Therefore, we conducted a multicenter case-control study to identify the environmental factors associated with the development of PBC in Japan. METHODS: From 21 participating centers in Japan, we prospectively enrolled 548 patients with PBC (male/female = 78/470, median age 66), and 548 age- and sex-matched controls. These participants completed a questionnaire comprising 121 items with respect to demographic, anthropometric, socioeconomic features, lifestyle, medical/familial history, and reproductive history in female individuals. The association was determined using conditional multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The identified factors were vault toilet at home in childhood [odds ratio (OR), 1.63; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.01-2.62], unpaved roads around the house in childhood (OR, 1.43; 95% CI, 1.07-1.92), ever smoking (OR, 1.70; 95% CI, 1.28-2.25), and hair dye use (OR, 1.57; 95% CI, 1.15-2.14) in the model for lifestyle factors, and a history of any type of autoimmune disease (OR, 8.74; 95% CI, 3.99-19.13), a history of Cesarean section (OR, 0.20; 95% CI, 0.077-0.53), and presence of PBC in first-degree relatives (OR, 21.1; 95% CI, 6.52-68.0) in the model for medical and familial factors. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that poor environmental hygiene in childhood (vault toilets and unpaved roads) and chronic exposure to chemicals (smoking and hair dye use) are likely to be risk factors for the development of PBC in Japan.


Assuntos
Cirrose Hepática Biliar , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/epidemiologia , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/etiologia , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
5.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; 55(3): 292-301, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34927277

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) has the highest diagnostic accuracy for liver fibrosis; however, the association between MRE-associated liver stiffness and the development of hepatic and extrahepatic complications as well as mortality remains unclear. AIM: In this study, we investigated the longitudinal association between MRE-associated liver stiffness and complications and mortality. METHODS: This retrospective study included 2373 consecutive patients with chronic liver disease. All patients received standard of care and the development of complications was assessed every 1-6 months. RESULTS: Newly diagnosed hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), decompensation, major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), extrahepatic cancer and death were observed in 99, 117, 73, 77 and 170 patients respectively. In multivariable analysis, the adjusted hazard ratios (aHR) (95% confidence interval [CI]) for HCC, decompensation, MACE, extrahepatic cancer and mortality were 1.28 (1.2-1.4), 1.34 (1.3-1.4), 0.96 (0.9-1.1), 1.00 (0.9-1.1) and 1.17 (1.1-1.2), respectively, with each 1-kPa increase in liver stiffness. Similarly, the aHR (95% CI) for HCC, decompensation, MACE, extrahepatic cancer and mortality were 4.20 (2.2-8.2), 67.5 (9.2-492), 0.83 (0.4-1.7), 0.90 (0.5-1.7) and 2.90 (1.6-5.4), respectively, in patients with cirrhosis (>4.7 kPa) compared to those with minimal fibrosis (<3 kPa). CONCLUSIONS: Increased MRE-associated liver stiffness was associated with increased risk for HCC, decompensation and mortality in a dose-dependent fashion but not with MACE or extrahepatic cancer, implicating a significant role for MRE in liver-related events and mortality; however, further studies are warranted to explore its role in MACE and extrahepatic cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
JGH Open ; 5(9): 1085-1091, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34584979

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Administration of tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) as prevention or treatment of hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation is not well known. The aim of this study is to reveal the efficacy and safety of TAF against HBV reactivation. METHODS: Entecavir (ETV) and TAF were given to 66 and 11 patients, respectively, as prophylaxis against or treatment of HBV reactivation during chemotherapy or immune suppression therapy from January 2010 to June 2020. The antiviral effects and safety were assessed. RESULTS: At week 24, the antiviral effects on patients receiving ETV and TAF were similar in terms of reduction of HBV DNA (-2.83 ± 1.45log IU/mL vs -3.05 ± 2.47log IU/mL; P = 0.857) and achieving undetectable levels of HBV DNA (78.8 vs 90.9%; P = 0.681). There was no significant difference in the decrease in the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) between the two groups (-0.62 ± 11.2 mL/min/1.73 m2 vs -3.67 ± 13.2 mL/min/1.73 m2; P = 0.291). CONCLUSION: TAF is safe and effective against HBV reactivation.

7.
Dig Dis ; 2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34348262

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A retrospective study was to analyze the association of plasma renin activity (PRA) with overall survival and liver disease-related events in decompensated liver cirrhosis with ascites treated by tolvaptan. METHODS: We included 196 patients with decompensated cirrhosis treated with tolvaptan and for whom hepatic ascites had remained uncontrolled by conventional diuretics. Factors associated with prognosis and appearance of liver disease-related events were investigated, including vasopressin, sympathetic nervous system hormones (adrenaline, noradrenaline, and dopamine), and the renin-angiotensin system (PRA and aldosterone) at the beginning of tolvaptan treatment. RESULTS: Age, history of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and PRA were identified as independent factors for prognosis after tolvaptan treatment. The median survival time in patients with PRA ≥9.5 ng/mL/h at the beginning of tolvaptan treatment was significantly shorter than in patients with PRA <9.5 ng/mL/h (193 vs. 893 days, p < 0.001). PRA and a history of HCC were independent factors for the occurrence of liver disease-related events. The median event-free period in patients with PRA ≥3.2 ng/mL/h was significantly shorter than that of patients with PRA <3.2 ng/mL/h (89 vs. 222 days, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: PRA is an independent predictor of prognosis and appearance of liver disease-related events in patients with decompensated cirrhosis who have started tolvaptan treatment.

8.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 28(13): 8263-8272, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34101067

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatectomy is a highly invasive procedure with extensive intraoperative blood loss (IBL) and high risk of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). We conducted an experimental and retrospective clinical study to determine whether the malignant behaviors of pancreatic cancer cells were enhanced by exposure to blood components in vitro and to evaluate the oncological significance of high IBL and POPF in pancreatic cancer. METHODS: This study included 107 patients undergoing radical pancreatectomy in the University of Yamanashi Hospital between 2011 and 2017, classified into high (n = 29) and low (n = 78) IBL groups. In vitro experiments included functional analyses of Panc-1 pancreatic cancer and normal mesothelial cells exposed to patient blood components, and clinical data were used to assess the contribution of IBL and POPF to patient outcomes. RESULTS: The migration (p = 0.007), invasion (p < 0.001), and proliferation (p < 0.01) of Panc-1 cells were enhanced with platelet coculture. The ability of Panc-1 cells to adhere mesothelial cells was enhanced by plasma coincubation, especially in the presence of inflammation (p < 0.001). High IBL was associated with worse overall survival (p = 0.007) and increased locoregional recurrence (p = 0.003) in patients. POPF enhanced the negative prognostic significance of high IBL (p < 0.001 for overall survival, p = 0.001 for locoregional recurrence), indicating the oncological negative effects of high IBL and POPF. CONCLUSIONS: Blood components, especially platelets, and inflammation enhance the malignant behaviors of pancreatic cancer cells, potentially contributing to poor prognosis for pancreatic cancer patients.


Assuntos
Fístula Pancreática , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Humanos , Inflamação , Pancreatectomia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
10.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 36(10): 2960-2966, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34154037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: The association between liver fibrosis, fatty liver, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk is unknown. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the association of liver fibrosis and fatty liver with CVD risk independent of already known CVD risk comorbidities. METHODS: This is a prospective study registered with the University Hospital Medical Information Network clinical trial registry (UMIN000036175). Liver fibrosis was assessed by serum fibrosis markers including FIB-4, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease fibrosis score (NFS), and Wisteria floribunda agglutinin-positive Mac-2 binding protein (WFA+ -M2BP), whereas fatty liver was diagnosed by ultrasonography. CVD risk was evaluated using the Framingham risk score (FRS), and a high CVD risk was defined as an FRS ≥ 20%. RESULTS: A total of 3512 subjects were enrolled, and high CVD risk (FRS ≥ 20%) was observed in 17.5%. Advanced fibrosis (FIB-4 ≥ 2.67, NFS ≥ 0.675, and WFA+ -M2BP ≥ 1.0) and the presence of fatty liver were significantly associated with high CVD risk independent of diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and hypertension. When subjects were stratified by liver fibrosis and fatty liver, subjects with advanced fibrosis and fatty liver have the highest odds for high CVD risk (odds ratio [OR]: 5.90-35.6), followed by subjects with advanced fibrosis and without fatty liver (OR: 2.53-9.62) using subjects without advanced fibrosis and fatty liver as a reference. CONCLUSIONS: Liver fibrosis and fatty liver were associated with CVD risk independent of already known CVD risk comorbidities. The assessment of liver fibrosis and fatty liver may be useful to identify high CVD risk subjects.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Antígenos de Neoplasias , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Fibrose , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Glicoproteínas de Membrana , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
11.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 36(10): 2943-2951, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34057248

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: The serum hepatitis B core-related antigen (HBcrAg) is considered a surrogate marker of the amount and activity of intrahepatic covalently closed circular DNA. This study aims to investigate the virological characteristics of HBcrAg in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients and to reveal the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk factors of hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-negative patients. METHODS: Hepatitis B core-related antigen was measured in 245 naive CHB patients before receiving nucleoside/nucleotide analog (NA) therapy. All patients were receiving NA (entecavir, tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, and tenofovir alafenamide) continuously for more than 1 year until the end of follow-up, and they did not have a history of HCC. Hepatitis B viral status was compared between 106 HBeAg-positive and 139 HBeAg-negative patients. RESULTS: Median HBcrAg levels were significantly higher in HBeAg-positive patients than in HBeAg-negative patients (> 6.8 vs 3.7 log U/mL, P < 0.01). In HBeAg-negative patients, higher HBcrAg levels were associated with cirrhosis (119 chronic hepatitis/20 cirrhosis = 3.5/4.7 log U/mL, P = 0.03) and higher serum hepatitis B virus DNA. During a median follow-up of 5.28 (1.03-12.0) years, the 5-year cumulative HCC incidence rate was 5.4% in the HBeAg-negative cohort. In the multivariate Cox regression analysis, higher HBcrAg levels at 1 year were independent predictive factors for HCC development in HBeAg-negative patients who received NA therapy (cutoff value, 4.1 log U/mL; hazard ratio, 6.749; 95% confidence interval, 1.334-34.15, P < 0.01) and even in non-cirrhosis patients. CONCLUSION: Hepatitis B core-related antigen was useful for understanding disease progression in CHB patients and for stratifying the risk for carcinogenesis in HBeAg-negative patients receiving NA therapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Antígenos E da Hepatite B/metabolismo , Hepatite B Crônica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , DNA Viral , Progressão da Doença , Antígenos do Núcleo do Vírus da Hepatite B , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia
12.
Hepatol Res ; 51(8): 902-908, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34046984

RESUMO

AIM: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is a highly aggressive malignancy. However, the characteristics and prognosis of ICC is not well known. This study aims to reveal the relationship between liver function and prognosis of ICC. METHODS: A total of 83 ICC patients were recruited retrospectively from March 2009 to August 2020. Child-Pugh (CP) and albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) scores were used to assess liver function. The extent of portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT) was classified from Vp0 to Vp4. The end-point for this analysis was overall survival (OS). RESULTS: The median age was 72 (44-88) years, 48 patients were male (57.8%), and 70 patients were classified as CP grade A (84.3%). At baseline, chronic liver disease (hepatitis B, 9.6%; hepatitis C, 15.7%; alcoholic liver disease, 9.6%; and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, 4.8%) were diagnosed. The median OS of all ICC patients was 21.2 months. A total of 27 patients underwent surgical resection; these patients showed a longer median OS compared to those who did not undergo surgery (50.8 months vs. 5.5 months, p < 0.001). The prognosis of patients with ICC can be stratified by ALBI grade (grade 1, 54.3 months; grade 2a, 8.4 months; grade 2b, 3.9 months; and grade 3, 1.4 months; p < 0.001) and the extent of PVTT (Vp0, 54.3 months; Vp1/2, 8.4 months; and Vp3/4, 3.9 months; p = 0.0039). CONCLUSION: In this study, viral hepatitis (25.3%) was identified as the most prevalent background liver disease of ICC. Assessing liver function using ALBI grade is useful for stratifying the prognosis of patients with ICC.

13.
J Gastroenterol ; 56(5): 470-478, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33791882

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The usefulness of APRI or FIB-4 is well established as a non-invasive liver fibrosis marker at a point of diagnosis in patients with chronic liver disease. However, their applicability for the monitoring of progression of liver fibrosis over time is yet to be determined. We aimed to clarify the feasibility of APRI and FIB-4 for the longitudinal evaluation of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B and C. METHODS: This is a multi-center retrospective and prospective cohort study, enrolling 1029 patients with HCV and 384 patients with HBV who were histologically diagnosed by liver biopsy. The observation period of retrospective and prospective study was 14 and 12 years, respectively. The APRI and FIB-4 were traced back in cases of histologically diagnosed cirrhosis, and those were prospectively analyzed after biopsy in cases diagnosed as F3 of METAVIR score, respectively. RESULTS: The averaged APRI and FIB-4 exhibited time-dependent increase in the retrospective study of hepatitis C patients (increase by 0.09/year in APRI and 0.29/year in FIB-4). In the prospective study of untreated hepatitis C patients, such increases were 0.14/year in APRI and 0.40/year in FIB-4, respectively. Neither the average of APRI nor FIB-4 showed a specific tendency with hepatitis B patients and treatment-experienced hepatitis C patients. CONCLUSION: The APRI and FIB-4 may serve as a transition indicator of liver fibrosis in anti-viral treatment-naïve patients with chronic hepatitis C.


Assuntos
Hepatite C/etiologia , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Hepatite C/classificação , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/classificação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Anticancer Res ; 41(1): 403-408, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33419837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Drains are frequently placed at the time of distal pancreatectomy (DP) to evacuate pancreatic juice and intra-abdominal exudate and obtain information on abdominal cavity status. However, the timing of drain removal remains debatable. Meanwhile, prolonged drain placement might increase the risk of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF), with a prevalence of 5-40%. Therefore, we examined the effect of removing the drain within postoperative day (POD) 3 on the risk of POPF development. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 108 consecutive patients who underwent DP between April 2015 and March 2020 were examined and divided into two groups according to the day of drain removal; hence, for some patients, the drain was removed on POD 1 (POD 1 group) and for others on POD 3 (POD 3 group). Furthermore, risk factors, including drain fluid amylase (DFA) levels, for developing POPF were investigated. RESULTS: The overall rate of clinically relevant POPF was 4.6% and did not significantly differ between the POD 1 and POD 3 groups [4.5% and 4.9%, respectively (p=0.924)]. DFA levels on POD 1 did not significantly differ between patients with and without POPF. On POD 3 and POD 5, C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were significantly higher in patients with POPF than in those without (p=0.03 and p<0.001, respectively). CONCLUSION: Early drain removal regardless of DFA level may reduce the risk of developing POPF. CRP measured on POD 3 and POD 5 appeared to be a useful predictor of clinically relevant POPF.


Assuntos
Amilases/metabolismo , Remoção de Dispositivo , Drenagem , Fístula Pancreática/etiologia , Fístula Pancreática/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Biomarcadores , Gerenciamento Clínico , Drenagem/instrumentação , Drenagem/métodos , Humanos , Incidência , Pancreatectomia/efeitos adversos , Pancreatectomia/métodos , Fístula Pancreática/diagnóstico , Fístula Pancreática/terapia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
15.
J Viral Hepat ; 28(5): 787-794, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33484033

RESUMO

Carcinogenesis risk scores for chronic hepatitis B have been proposed, but it remains unclear whether these scores during nucleoside/nucleotide analogue (NA) therapy are useful for risk assessment. In this study, we examined changes of these scores and the predictability during NA treatment. 432 patients with no history of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with NA were enrolled. PAGE-B, modified PAGE-B (mPAGE-B), and REACH-B scores were calculated at NA administration, 1 and 2 years after administration. The median follow-up duration was 5.1 years, during which 37 patients (8.6%) developed HCC. Cumulative incidence HCC development in patients with high risk of PAGE at NA administration, and 1 and 2 years after NA administration was significantly higher than those with intermediate and low-risk groups (p < .05 for all time points), whereas HCC incidence in patients with high risk of mPAGE-B and REACH-B at 2 years after NA administration were equivalent to those with intermediate and low-risk groups (p = .2 for mPAGE-B, and p = .1 for REACH-B). The area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) for HCC development of PAGE-B at NA administration, and 1 and 2 years after administration were 0.773, 0.803 and 0.737, respectively. The AUROCs of PAGE-B at each point were continuously higher than those of REACH-B (0.646, 0.725, and 0.653, respectively) and mPAGE-B (0.754, 0.734, and 0.678, respectively).PAGE-B score has a high diagnostic accuracy for HCC development at any time point during NA treatment, indicating its potential use as a real-time monitor of HCC development.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite B Crônica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Nucleosídeos/uso terapêutico , Nucleotídeos/uso terapêutico , Fatores de Risco
16.
J Med Virol ; 93(6): 3744-3751, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890408

RESUMO

Almost all patients achieved sustained virological response (SVR) by direct-acting antivirals (DAA) therapy, but it is not clear as to what extent DAA therapy affects changes in liver fibrosis after achieving SVR. In this study, we investigated the changes of liver stiffness by magnetic resonance elastogaraphy (MRE) during DAA therapy. A total of 308 patients were enrolled in the study. Liver stiffness was measured twice before and after DAA treatment using MRE and time-course change of liver stiffness was investigated. The median (interquartile range) values for liver stiffness were 4.2 (3.2-6.1) kPa at baseline and 3.3 (2.6-4.8) kPa at SVR, demonstrating a significant improvement (p < .01). A total of 44% of patients had no improvement in liver stiffness despite achieving SVR. In patients with advanced fibrosis (lower level of albumin [Alb] or histological fibrosis stage F4), it was difficult to improve liver stiffness. Except for Alb, there were no blood tests associated with nonimprovement in liver stiffness, making these cases difficult to predict. In conclusion, despite obtaining SVR, improvement in liver stiffness could not be obtained in some cases, especially in patients with advanced fibrosis. In these patients, liver stiffness must be followed even if SVR is obtained.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/métodos , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Fígado/patologia , Idoso , Feminino , Hepacivirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatite C Crônica/diagnóstico por imagem , Hepatite C Crônica/virologia , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resposta Viral Sustentada , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
JGH Open ; 4(6): 1183-1190, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33319054

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Lenvatinib (LEN) has an antitumor effect with an early reduction in contrast enhancement for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to reveal the most useful radiological response evaluation for overall survival (OS) in patients treated with LEN. METHODS: Patients receiving LEN therapy (n = 80) were retrospectively recruited from April 2018 to January 2020. Enhanced computed tomography scans were performed at baseline and every 4-8 weeks. OS and radiological response were evaluated using response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST 1.1), modified RECIST (mRECIST), and Choi criteria. To be eligible for study, a minimal cumulative duration of LEN was 4 weeks. A total of 62 patients were included in the analysis. RESULTS: The median OS was 469 days. The RECIST 1.1, mRECIST, and Choi criteria identified 14 (22.5%), 30 (48.3%), and 33 (53.2%) patients with an objective response, respectively. In the univariate analysis, Child-Pugh class B, major vascular invasion, and high alpha-fetoprotein (>200) were statistically significant poor prognostic factors. Radiological response was a significantly better prognostic factor in each criterion (RECIST, mRECIST, and Choi). In the multivariate analysis, radiological response evaluated by RECIST (hazard ratio, 0.259; 95% confidence interval, 0.0723-0.928; P = 0.038) was an independent factor. Furthermore, only RECIST significantly stratified prognosis (P = 0.041) when limited to the first evaluation. CONCLUSION: RECIST 1.1 was useful even as early therapeutic evaluation for HCC patients treated with LEN. Understanding the characteristics of radiological response over time may contribute to improving the prognosis of patients with HCC.

18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(1)2020 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33375190

RESUMO

Chronic liver disease is generally widespread, and a test for screening fibrotic subjects in a large population is needed. The ability of Wisteria floribunda agglutinin-positive mac-2 binding protein (WFA+-M2BP) to detect significant fibrosis was investigated in health checkup subjects in this research. Of 2021 health checkup subjects enrolled in this prospective cross-sectional study, those with WFA+-M2BP ≥ 1.0 were defined as high risk. Liver fibrosis was evaluated using magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) in subjects with high risk. The primary outcome was the positive predictive value (PPV) of WFA+-M2BP for significant fibrosis (liver stiffness ≥ 2.97 kPa by MRE). This trial was registered with the UMIN clinical trial registry, UMIN000036175. WFA+-M2BP ≥ 1.0 was observed in 5.3% of the 2021 subjects. The PPV for significant fibrosis with the threshold of WFA+-M2BP at ≥1.0, ≥1.1, ≥1.2, ≥1.3, ≥1.4, and ≥1.5 was 29.2%, 36.4%, 43.5%, 42.9%, 62.5%, and 71.4%, respectively. A WFA+-M2BP of 1.2 was selected as the optimal threshold for significant fibrosis among high-risk subjects, and the PPV, negative predictive value, sensitivity, and specificity for significant fibrosis were 43.5%, 84.0%, 71.4%, and 61.8%, respectively. WFA+-M2BP ≥ 1.2 was significantly associated with significant fibrosis, with an odds ratio (OR) of 4.04 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.1-16, p = 0.04), but not FIB-4 ≥ 2.67 (OR: 2.40, 95%CI: 0.7-8.6, p-value = 0.2). In conclusion, WFA+-M2BP is associated with significant fibrosis and could narrow down potential subjects with liver fibrosis. The strategy of narrowing down fibrosis subjects using WFA+-M2BP may be used to screen for fibrotic subjects in a large population.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Lectinas de Plantas/metabolismo , Receptores de N-Acetilglucosamina/metabolismo , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Estudos Transversais , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC
19.
World J Surg Oncol ; 18(1): 295, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33183313

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is one of the most serious complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Various factors have been reported as POPF risks, but the most serious of these is soft pancreas. To reduce POPF occurrences, many changes to the PD process have been proposed. This study evaluates short-term results of anastomosis technique for PD. METHODS: In total, 123 patients with soft pancreases who had undergone PD at Yamanashi University between January 2012 and August 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. We divided these patients into two groups depending on the time PD was performed: a conventional group (n = 67) and a modified group (n = 56). RESULTS: The rate of clinically relevant POPF was significantly lower in the modified group than that in the conventional group (5.4% vs 22.4%, p value < 0.001), with there being only one case of POPF in the modified group. There were no cases of POPF-related hemorrhaging in the modified group. On the third day after the operation, the amylase levels in the drainage fluid for the modified group became less than half (1696 vs 650 U/L). Multivariate analysis showed that the modified method was the independent predictors to prevent clinical POPF (p value = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Our novel anastomosis technique for pancreatojejunostomy reduced POPF in PD, especially in cases where the patient had a soft pancreas.


Assuntos
Fístula Pancreática , Pancreaticojejunostomia , Amilases , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Drenagem , Humanos , Pâncreas/cirurgia , Fístula Pancreática/etiologia , Fístula Pancreática/prevenção & controle , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Pancreaticojejunostomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
20.
Hepatol Res ; 50(12): 1375-1385, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32924266

RESUMO

AIM: Tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy resulted in better prognosis for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, some cases with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage C disease still had poor prognosis. This study aimed to investigate prognosis and characteristics of patients with HCC treated with TKI based on liver function and the extent of portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT). METHODS: Patients receiving TKI therapy (n = 345) were recruited retrospectively. Child-Pugh score and albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) score were used for assessment of liver function. The extent of PVTT was classified from Vp0 to Vp4. Radiotherapy or hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy were carried out as additional therapy to TKI. The end-point for this analysis was overall survival (OS). RESULTS: A total of 291 and 54 patients received sorafenib and lenvatinib as first-line TKI therapy, respectively. The median OS of patients treated with TKI were significantly stratified by ALBI grade (grade 1, 20.1 months; grade 2a, 16.3 months; grades 2b and 3, 9.8 months; P = 0.0003). The classification of PVTT significantly stratified the prognosis of patients treated with TKI (median OS: Vp0, 18.5 months; Vp1/2, 14.4 months; Vp3/4, 5.5 months; P < 0.0001). In the ALBI 2b/3 and Vp3/4 groups, the median OS of patients treated with TKI and additional therapies was significantly longer than those treated with TKI only (9.2 months vs.. 3.6 months; P = 0.0129). CONCLUSION: Liver function and PVTT are useful for stratifying prognosis of HCC patients treated with TKI. The applicative classification could lead to appropriate therapy and better prognosis.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...