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3.
Eur J Radiol ; 117: 112-119, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307635

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence of abnormal vessels inside and surrounding soft-tissue sarcomas (STS) on conventional MRIs so as to evaluate their correlations with particular histotypes, histological grades, and prognosis. METHOD: This single-center retrospective study included 157 adult patients (median age: 61) with histologically-proven non-metastatic STS. All had pre-treatment conventional contrast-enhanced MRI. Two radiologists reported: presence of abnormal flow-voids, number and distribution (peri-tumoral and/or intra-tumoral), percentage of tumor circumference it covered, maximal diameter. The radiological findings were correlated with histopathology. Associations were evaluated with Chi-2 or t-tests. Survival analysis (for metastasis-free survival (MFS) and overall survival (OS)) included log-rank tests and multivariate Cox-model. RESULTS: Twenty-nine of 157 (18.5%) STS showed abnormal flow-voids that were peri-tumoral (9/157, 5.7%), intra-tumoral (5/157, 3.2%) or both intra- and peri-tumoral (15/157, 9.6%). Ten STS had more than 5 flow-voids, all being grade II-III, namely: 4 undifferentiated sarcomas, 2 solitary fibrous tumors, 1 alveolar soft-part sarcoma (ASPS), 2 leiomyosarcomas and 1 pleomorphic liposarcoma. The distribution of flow-voids was associated with survivals in the univariate analysis: patients with abnormal peritumoral flow-voids (APTFV) showed poorer OS and MFS (p = 0.039 and 0.014, respectively). These associations did not remain significant in multivariate analysis. Radio-pathological correlations revealed large tortuous tumoral neo-vessels with intra-vascular thrombi of tumor cells in ASPS and in one case of undifferentiated sarcoma displaying enrichment in genes involved in neo-angiogenesis at transcriptional level. CONCLUSIONS: APTFV on conventional MRIs may be associated with a higher risk of metastatic relapse and poorer OS in STS patients.

4.
Lancet Oncol ; 20(9): 1252-1262, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31331701

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma is a rare sarcoma with low sensitivity to cytotoxic chemotherapy. Retrospective evidence suggests that antiangiogenic drugs could be a treatment option. We aimed to investigate the activity of pazopanib, an antiangiogenic drug, in patients with advanced extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma. METHODS: In this single-arm, open-label phase 2 trial, three parallel independent cohorts of different histotypes of advanced sarcomas were recruited (extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma, typical solitary fibrous tumour, and malignant-dedifferentiated solitary fibrous tumour). In each cohort, patients received pazopanib. In this Article, we report the results of the cohort of patients with advanced extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma. Separate reporting of the three cohorts was prespecified in the study protocol. In this cohort, adult patients (aged ≥18 years) with a diagnosis of NR4A3-translocated, metastatic, or unresectable extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma, who had Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) progression in the previous 6 months, and had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-2, were enrolled at 11 study sites of the Spanish, Italian, and French sarcoma groups. Patients received oral pazopanib (800 mg/day) continuously, until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, death, non-compliance, patient refusal, or investigator's decision. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients achieving an objective response according to RECIST 1·1 in the modified intention-to-treat population (patients who provided consent and had a central molecularly confirmed diagnosis of extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma). The safety analysis included all patients who received at least one dose of pazopanib. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02066285. FINDINGS: Between June 24, 2014, and Jan 17, 2017, 26 patients entered the study and started pazopanib. Of these, 23 met the eligibility criteria for the modified intention-to-treat analysis. Median follow-up was 27 months (IQR 18-30). 22 patients (one patient died before the primary analysis) were evaluable for the primary endpoint: four (18% [95% CI 1-36]) had a RECIST objective response. No deaths or grade 4 adverse events occurred. The most frequent grade 3 adverse events were hypertension (nine [35%] of 26 patients), increased concentration of alanine aminotransferase (six [23%]), and increased aspartate aminotransferase (five [19%]). INTERPRETATION: Pazopanib had clinically meaningful antitumour activity in patients with progressive and advanced extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma, and could be considered a suitable option after failure to respond to first-line anthracycline-based chemotherapy in these patients. FUNDING: Spanish Group for Research on Sarcomas, Italian Sarcoma Group, French Sarcoma Group, GlaxoSmithKline, and Novartis.

5.
Lancet Oncol ; 20(9): 1263-1272, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31331699

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Desmoid tumours are locally aggressive tumours associated with substantial morbidity. No systemic treatments are approved for this disease, with methotrexate-vinblastine the only chemotherapy regimen assessed in a clinical trial setting to date. VEGF overexpression is a common feature in aggressive desmoid tumours. Pazopanib is an oral antiangiogenic agent targeting VEGF receptors 1, 2, and 3, platelet-derived growth factor receptor-like protein (PDGFR) α and ß, and c-KIT tyrosine kinases. We aimed to assess antitumour activity and safety of targeted therapy or combination chemotherapy in progressive desmoid tumours. METHODS: DESMOPAZ was a non-comparative, randomised, open-label, phase 2 trial conducted at 12 centres from the French Sarcoma Group. We enrolled adults (≥18 years) with progressive desmoid tumours, normal organ function and centrally documented progressive disease according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 based on two imaging assessments obtained within less than a 6-month interval. Participants were randomly assigned (2:1) to oral pazopanib 800 mg per day for up to 1 year or to an intravenous regimen combining vinblastine (5 mg/m2 per dose) and methotrexate (30 mg/m2 per dose), administered weekly for 6 months and then every other week for 6 months. Randomisation was stratified according to inclusion centre and tumour location. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients who had not progressed at 6 months in the first 43 patients who had received one complete or two incomplete cycles of pazopanib. This endpoint was also assessed as a prespecified exploratory endpoint in all patients who had received one complete or two incomplete cycles of methotrexate-vinblastane. Safety analyses were done for all patients who received at least one dose of allocated treatment. This trial was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01876082. FINDINGS: From Dec 4, 2012, to Aug 18, 2017, 72 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned (n=48 in the pazopanib group; n=24 in the methotrexate-vinblastine group). Median follow-up was 23·4 months (IQR 17·1-25·5). 46 patients in the pazopanib group and 20 patients in the methotrexate-vinblastine group were assessable for activity. In the first 43 patients assessable for the primary endpoint in the pazopanib group, the proportion of patients who had not progressed at 6 months was 83·7% (95% CI 69·3-93·2). The proportion of patients treated with methotrexate-vinblastine who had not progressed at 6 months was 45·0% (95% CI 23·1-68·5). The most common grade 3 or 4 adverse events in the pazopanib group were hypertension (n=10, 21%) and diarrhoea (n=7, 15%) and in the methotrexate-vinblastine group were neutropenia (n=10, 45%) and liver transaminitis (n=4, 18%). 11 patients (23%) had at least one serious adverse event related to study treatment in the pazopanib group, as did and six patients (27%) in the methotrexate-vinblastine group. INTERPRETATION: Pazopanib has clinical activity in patients with progressive desmoid tumours and could be a valid treatment option in this rare and disabling disease. FUNDING: GlaxoSmithKline and Novartis.

6.
BMJ Open ; 9(6): e030013, 2019 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31217320

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Sarcomas are rare tumours of connective tissue. The exact overall incidence of sarcomas is unknown due to diagnostic difficulties and the various histological subtypes (over 80 subtypes). However, the apparent increasing incidence of sarcomas suggests environmental causes such as pesticides. Except for some specific factors (ie, ionising radiation, vinyl chloride, dioxin and genetic predispositions) the scientific knowledge on the aetiology of sarcomas is sparse and inconsistent. France is a particularly appropriate country to set up a study investigating the causes of sarcoma occurrence due to the French organisation in treatment and care of sarcoma patients, which is highly structured and revolved around national expert networks. The main objective of the ETIOlogy of SARcomas (ETIOSARC) project is to study the role of lifestyle, environmental and occupational factors in the occurrence of sarcomas among adults from a multicentric population-based case-control study. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Cases will be all incident patients (older than 18 years) prospectively identified in 15 districts of France covered by a general population-based cancer registry and/or a reference centre in sarcoma's patient care over a 3-year period with an inclusion start date ranging from February 2019 to January 2020 and histologically confirmed by a second review of the diagnosis. Two controls will be individually matched by sex, age (5 years group) and districts of residence and randomly selected from electoral rolls. A standardised questionnaire will be administered by a trained interviewer in order to gather information about occupational and residential history, demographic and socioeconomic characteristics and lifestyle factors. At the end of the interview, a saliva sample will be systematically proposed. This study will permit to validate or identify already suspected risk factors for sarcomas such as phenoxyherbicides, chlorophenol and to generate new hypothesis to increase our understanding about the genetic and environmental contributions in the carcinogenicity process. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The present study is promoted by the French National Institute of Health and Medical Research (identification number C17-03). This study received National French Ethic committee (CPP Sud Méditerrannée I) approval (identification number 18-31) and French Data Protection Authority (CNIL) approval (identification number 918171). Results of this study will be published in international peer-reviewed journals. Technical appendix, statistical code and dataset will be available in the Dryad repository when collection data are completed. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03670927.

7.
Int J Cancer ; 2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31246277

RESUMO

In the OS2006 study, patients younger than 18 years were treated with a methotrexate-based regimen (MTX), patients older than 25 years with a doxorubicin-cisplatin-ifosfamide-based regimen (API-AI), whereas patients aged 18-25 years received either API-AI or MTX. We herein report the prespecified subgroup analysis of the outcome of 106 patients treated with API-AI. Preoperative chemotherapy combined three doxorubicin-ifosfamide-cisplatin (API) and two doxorubicin-ifosfamide (AI) courses. Postoperative chemotherapy was assigned by risk group: localised patients with a good histological response (<10% viable cells) received two AI and two cisplatin-ifosfamide (PI) courses; patients with synchronous metastases, poor histological response or unresectable primary received five cycles of etoposide-ifosfamide (EI). Of the 106 patients, 61 were randomised to receive or not zoledronate. Median age was 30 years (range 18-67), 66 (62%) patients were >25 years. The primary tumours were axial in 28 patients (26%), and 28 (26%) presented with metastases. Ninety-six patients (91%) had surgery, conservative in 82 (85%); 36 patients (38%, 95% CI 28-48%) were good responders. Toxicity was manageable, with no significant difference in severe acute toxicity between patients aged >25 years and those younger. With a median follow-up of 4.8 years, the 5-year event-free survival and overall survival rates were 46% (95% CI 36-56) and 57% (95% CI 47-67), respectively. The primary tumour size and initial metastases correlated with a higher risk of event. In these 106 osteosarcoma adult patients, API-AI proved feasible with no excess of toxicity, and favourable activity despite poor-prognosis factors.

8.
Eur J Cancer ; 117: 69-70, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31254941
9.
Breast J ; 25(5): 971-973, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31165561

RESUMO

We report the first case of sarcoidosis-like reaction in a patient treated by anti-PD-L1 for a breast cancer. A 69-year-old woman presented with a histologically confirmed lung metastasis of a triple negative breast cancer. She was treated by nab-paclitaxel plus anti-PD-L1 in first line. After 2 months, a dramatic lung response was noticed but an involvement of mediastinal lymph nodes appeared. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration of these lymph nodes revealed multiple epitheloid granulomas without caseating necrosis in favour of a sarcoidosis-like reaction. The patient remained free of symptom and in complete lung response on anti-PD-L1 treatment as a maintenance therapy.

10.
Clin Cancer Res ; 25(16): 4888-4897, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31088831

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Here, we report results of the first phase I study of erdafitinib, a potent, oral pan-FGFR inhibitor. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients age ≥18 years with advanced solid tumors for which standard antineoplastic therapy was no longer effective were enrolled (NCT01703481). Parts 2 to 4 employed molecular screening for activating FGFR genomic alterations. In patients with such alterations, two selected doses/schedules identified during part 1 dose-escalation [9 mg once daily and 10 mg intermittently (7 days on/7 days off), as previously published (Tabernero JCO 2015;33:3401-8)] were tested. RESULTS: The study included 187 patients. The most common treatment-related adverse events were hyperphosphatemia (64%), dry mouth (42%), and asthenia (28%), generally grade 1/2 severity. All cases of hyperphosphatemia were grade 1/2 except for 1 grade 3 event. Skin, nail, and eye changes were observed in 43%, 33%, and 28% of patients, respectively (mostly grade 1/2 and reversible after temporary dosing interruption). Urothelial carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma were most responsive to erdafitinib, with objective response rates (ORR) of 46.2% (12/26) and 27.3% (3/11), respectively, in response-evaluable patients with FGFR mutations or fusions. All patients with urothelial carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma who responded to erdafitinib carried FGFR mutations or fusions. Median response duration was 5.6 months for urothelial carcinoma and 11.4 months for cholangiocarcinoma. ORRs in other tumor types were <10%. CONCLUSIONS: Erdafitinib shows tolerability and preliminary clinical activity in advanced solid tumors with genomic changes in the FGFR pathway, at two different dosing schedules and with particularly encouraging responses in urothelial carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma.

11.
J Clin Oncol ; 37(17): 1470-1478, 2019 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30943124

RESUMO

PURPOSE: KEYNOTE-158 ( ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02628067) is a phase II basket study investigating the antitumor activity and safety of pembrolizumab in multiple cancer types. We present interim results from patients with previously treated advanced cervical cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients received pembrolizumab 200 mg every 3 weeks for 2 years or until progression, intolerable toxicity, or physician or patient decision. Tumor imaging was performed every 9 weeks for the first 12 months and every 12 weeks thereafter. The primary end point was objective response rate (ORR), assessed per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (version 1.1) by independent central radiologic review. Safety was a secondary end point. RESULTS: Ninety-eight patients were treated. Median age was 46.0 years (range, 24 to 75 years), and 65.3% of patients had Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 1. Eighty-two patients (83.7%) had programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1)-positive tumors (combined positive score ≥ 1), 77 having previously received one or more lines of chemotherapy for recurrent or metastatic disease. Median follow-up was 10.2 months (range, 0.6 to 22.7 months). ORR was 12.2% (95% CI, 6.5% to 20.4%), with three complete and nine partial responses. All 12 responses were in patients with PD-L1-positive tumors, for an ORR of 14.6% (95% CI, 7.8% to 24.2%); 14.3% (95% CI, 7.4% to 24.1%) of these responses were in those who had received one or more lines of chemotherapy for recurrent or metastatic disease. Median duration of response was not reached (range, ≥ 3.7 to ≥ 18.6 months). Treatment-related adverse events occurred in 65.3% of patients, and the most common were hypothyroidism (10.2%), decreased appetite (9.2%), and fatigue (9.2%). Treatment-related grade 3 to 4 adverse events occurred in 12.2% of patients. CONCLUSION: Pembrolizumab monotherapy demonstrated durable antitumor activity and manageable safety in patients with advanced cervical cancer. On the basis of these results, the US Food and Drug Administration granted accelerated approval of pembrolizumab for patients with advanced PD-L1-positive cervical cancer who experienced progression during or after chemotherapy.

12.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 137: 35-42, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31014514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surrogate endpoints (SEs) for overall survival (OS) are specific to therapeutic class. The objective of this review was to document all alternative endpoints studied for their association with OS in Immune-Checkpoint Inhibitors (ICI)-treated patients. METHODS: We searched PubMed and Embase for publications reporting the association between a clinical endpoint and OS in ICI-treated populations from 01/01/2003 to 03/31/2018. RESULTS: Out of 6,335 references identified, 24 were selected. Only 3 studies assessed surrogacy at both the patient and trial levels. The main traditional alternative endpoints included progression-free survival (N = 10) and objective response rate (N = 8). New alternative endpoints, such as durable response rate (N = 1) and intermediate response endpoint (N = 1) statistically better correlate with OS in the cancer types analysed. CONCLUSION: Based on the published evidence, there is insufficient data to support validated SE for OS. Adequate surrogacy assessment of promising composite endpoints which consider a duration component is encouraged.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Antígeno B7-H1/imunologia , Antígeno CTLA-4/antagonistas & inibidores , Antígeno CTLA-4/imunologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Neoplasias/imunologia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/imunologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
13.
Radiology ; 291(3): 710-721, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30964422

RESUMO

Background Managing soft-tissue sarcoma (STS) relies on histologic grade, which is the strongest prognostic factor and a routine assessment at biopsy. However, underestimation of histologic grade may occur because of tumor heterogeneity. Purpose To identify MRI features that are associated with high-grade STS (grade III) and to determine the relationship between MRI features and patient survival. Materials and Methods In this retrospective single-center study, patients (age ≥16 years) were included if they presented with STS diagnosed between 2008 and 2015, had a baseline contrast material-enhanced MRI study, had a pathologic grade assessed on the whole surgical specimen, and had no history of neoadjuvant treatment. Visceral sarcomas, well-differentiated liposarcomas, and angiosarcomas were excluded. Images were evaluated for size, heterogeneity, architecture, margins, and surrounding tissue at T2-weighted, T1-weighted precontrast, and T1-weighted postcontrast MRI. χ2 tests, Fisher tests, and multivariable binary logistic regression were performed to identify features associated with a final grade of III. The associations between combinations of these features and overall survival and metastasis-free survival were investigated with Kaplan-Meier curves and multivariable Cox models. Results A total of 130 patients were included (53 women [mean age ± standard deviation, 60.7 years ± 19.2]); 72 of the 130 (55.4%) STSs were grade III. At multivariable analysis, three MRI features were associated with grade III STS: peritumoral enhancement (odds ratio [OR], 3.4; P = .003), presence of an area compatible with necrosis (OR, 2.4; P = .03), and heterogeneous signal intensities greater than or equal to 50% at T2-weighted imaging (OR, 2.3; P = .04). The presence of at least two of these three features was an independent predictor of metastasis-free survival (hazard ratio, 4.5; P = .01) and overall survival (hazard ratio, 4.2; P = .04). Conclusion MRI features including necrosis, heterogeneity, and peritumoral enhancement of soft-tissue sarcomas were associated with grade III tumors, metastasis-free survival, and overall survival. © RSNA, 2019 Online supplemental material is available for this article.

14.
Clin Cancer Res ; 25(15): 4611-4615, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30979737

RESUMO

PURPOSE: CDKN2A loss is frequent in gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) and associated with aggressive outcome. Palbociclib is a CDK4 inhibitor with preclinical antitumor efficacy in tumors with P16/CDKN2A loss. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a multicenter single-arm phase II clinical trial assessing safety and efficacy of palbociclib in patients with advanced GIST bearing CDKN2A gene loss. Adults with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic, refractory to at least imatinib and sunitinib, measurable and documented progressive disease (PD) as per RECIST 1.1, and CDKN2A deletion centrally assessed were eligible. Patients received palbociclib 125 mg orally daily on a 21 days on/7 days off dosing schedule, until PD or unacceptable toxicity. The primary endpoint was 4-month non-PD rate according to RECIST 1.1. RESULTS: As of May 2017, 71 patients had been included in the study, and 29 patients (40.3%) met the molecular eligibility requirement. Twenty-five patients (86.2%) had grade 1-2 adverse events (AEs) and 12 patients (41.4%) grade 3-4 AEs possibly related to the drug. The planned interim statistical analysis performed after central histologic and radiological review showed that 19 (86.4%) out of the first 22 evaluable patients had PD at 4 months. CDKN2A status had no impact either on overall survival or outcome on previous standard lines of treatment. Translational analysis suggested upregulation of CCNE1 or downregulation of CDKN1A/P21 or LRRC3B as potential mechanisms of resistance. CONCLUSIONS: Palbociclib has no significant clinical activity as a single agent in P16/CDKN2A -deleted GIST refractory to imatinib and sunitinib.

15.
Oncologist ; 24(7): e559-e564, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31015315

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Soft-tissue sarcomas (STSs) are a group of rare cancers that can occur at any age. Prognostic outcomes of patients with STS are usually established at the time of the patient's initial disease presentation. Conditional survival affords a dynamic prediction of prognosis for patients surviving a given period after diagnosis. Estimates of conditional survival can provide crucial prognostic information for patients and caregivers, guide subsequent cancer follow-up schedules, and impact decisions regarding management. This study aims to estimate conditional survival and prognostic factors in patients with STS according to age at diagnosis (≤75 years and ≥75 years). SUBJECTS, MATERIALS, AND METHODS: A total of 6,043 patients with nonmetastatic STS at first diagnosis who underwent complete surgical resection (R0 or R1) were assessed. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to establish prognostic factors of conditional metastasis-free survival and overall survival at 1, 2, and 5 years after diagnosis. RESULTS: Elderly patients have more adverse prognostic features at presentation and tend to receive less aggressive treatment than do younger patients. However, at baseline as well as at each conditional survival time point, the 5-year estimated probability of metastatic relapse decreases in both young and elderly patients and is almost identical in both groups at 2 years and 5 years after initial diagnosis. Prognostic factors for metastatic relapse and death change as patient survival time increases in both young and elderly patients. Grade, the strongest prognostic factor for metastatic relapse and death at baseline, is no longer predictive of metastatic relapse in patients surviving 5 years after initial diagnosis. Leiomyosarcoma is the histological subtype associated with the highest risk of metastatic relapse and death in young patients surviving 5 years after initial diagnosis. The positive impact on the outcome of peri-operative treatments tends to decrease and disappears in patients surviving 5 years after initial diagnosis. CONCLUSION: Conditional survival estimates show clinically relevant variations according to time since first diagnosis in both young and elderly patients with STS. These results can help STS survivors adjust their view of the future and STS care providers plan patient follow-up. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: For patients with sarcoma who are followed up years after being treated for their disease, a common scenario is for the patient and caregivers to ask practitioners what the longer-term prognosis may be. The question posed to practitioners may be, "Doc, am I now cured? It's been 5 years since we finished treatment." Survival probability changes for patients who survive a given period of time after diagnosis, and their prognosis is more accurately described using conditional survival. By analyzing more than 6,000 sarcoma patients, an overall improvement was found in the risk of relapse as patients conditionally survive. Prognostic factors for metastatic relapse and death change as patient survival time increases in both young and elderly patients.

16.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2019 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30980697

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evaluating heterogeneity in tumor vascularization through texture analysis could improve predictions of patients' outcome and response evaluation. PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of temporal parameters on texture features extracted from dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE)-MRI parametric maps. STUDY TYPE: Prospective cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: Twenty-five adults with soft-tissue sarcoma (STS), median age: 68 years. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: DCE-MRI acquisition using a CAIPIRINHA-Dixon-TWIST-VIBE sequence at 1.5T (temporal resolutions: 2 sec, duration: 5 min). ASSESSMENT: The area under time-intensity curve (AUC) and Ktrans maps were generated for several temporal resolution (dt = 2 sec, 4 sec, 6 sec, 8 sec, 10 sec, 12 sec, 20 sec) and scan durations (T = 3 min, 4 min, 5 min for a 6-sec sampling) by downsampling and truncating the initial DCE-MRI sequence. Tumor volume was manually segmented and propagated on all parametric maps. Thirty-two first- and second order-texture features were extracted per map to quantify the intratumoral heterogeneity. STATISTICAL TESTS: The influence of temporal parameters on texture features was studied with repeated-measures analysis of variance (or nonparametric equivalent). The dispersion of each texture feature depending on temporal parameters was estimated with coefficients of variation (CVs). The performances of multivariate models to predict the response to chemotherapy (ie, binary logistic regression based on the baseline texture features) were compared. RESULTS: The temporal resolution had a significant influence on 12/32 (37.5%) and 14/32 (43.8%) texture features evaluated on AUC and Ktrans maps, respectively (range of P < 0.0001-0.0395). Scan duration had a significant influence on 23/32 (71.9%) texture features from Ktrans map (range of P < 0.0001-0.0321). Dispersion was high (mean CV >0.5) with sampling for 2/32 (6.3%) and 10/32 (31.3%) features from AUC and Ktrans maps, respectively; and with truncating for 6/32 (18.8%) features from Ktrans map. The area under the receiver operating characteristics curve of predictive models ranged from 0.77 (95% confidence interval [CI] = [0.54-1.00], with dt = 6 sec T = 4 min) to 0.90 (95% CI = [0.74-1.00], with dt = 6 sec T = 5 min). DATA CONCLUSION: The values of texture features extracted from DCE-MRI parametric maps can be influenced by temporal parameters, which can lead to variations in performance of predictive models. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 2 Technical Efficacy: Stage 2.

17.
Int J Cancer ; 145(8): 2135-2143, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30924137

RESUMO

Soft tissue sarcomas (STS) are rare tumors accounting for less than 1% of human cancers. While the highest incidence of sarcomas is observed in elderly, this population is often excluded or poorly represented in clinical trials. The present study reports on clinicopathological presentation, and outcome of sarcoma patients over 90 recorded in the Netsarc.org French national database. NETSARC (netsarc.org) is a network of 26 reference sarcoma centers with specialized multidisciplinary tumor board (MDTB), funded by the French National Cancer Institute to improve the outcome of sarcoma patients. Since 2010, presentation to an MDTB, second pathological review, and collection of sarcoma patient characteristics and follow-up are collected in a database Information of patients registered from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2016, in NETSARC were collected, analyzed and compared to the younger population. Patients with sarcomas aged >90 have almost exclusively sarcomas with complex genomics (92.0% vs. 66.3%), are less frequently metastatic (5.3% vs. 14·7%) at diagnosis, have more often superficial tumors (39.8% vs. 14.7%), as well as limbs and head and neck sites (75.2% vs. 38.7%) (all p < 0.001). Optimal diagnostic procedures and surgery were less frequently performed in patients over 90 (p < 0.001). These patients were less frequently operated in NETSARC centers, as compared to those of younger age groups including aged 80-90. However, local relapse-free survival, metastatic relapse-free survival and relapse-free survival were not significantly different from those of younger patients, in the whole cohort, as well as in the subgroup of operated patients. As expected overall survival was worse in patients over 90 (p < 0.001). Patients over 90 who were not operated had worse overall survival than younger patients (9.9 vs. 27.3 months, p < 0.001). Patients with STS diagnosed after 90 have distinct clinicopathological features, but comparable relapse-free survival, unless clinical practice guidelines recommendations are not applied. Standard management should be proposed to these patients if oncogeriatric status allows.

18.
J Surg Oncol ; 119(4): 479-488, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30609044

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Soft tissue sarcoma localization in distal extremities (DESTS) of the limbs (hand/fingers, and foot/toes) is unusual. The literature is scarce about their behavior and this study was designed to assess their epidemiological characteristics, outcomes, and prognosis compared to other limb localizations (OLSTS). METHODS: From 1980 to 2010, adult DESTS and OLSTS in 22 centers were included. Demographics, tumor type, treatment modalities, and latest follow-up status were collected. Primary endpoints were overall survival and local/metastatic recurrence incidences. RESULTS: Two hundred five DESTS and 3001 OLSTS were included. The patients were younger, with more female and smaller tumors in DESTS. There were more clear cell/epithelioid sarcomas, synovial sarcomas, and myxoid liposarcomas vs more dedifferentiated liposarcomas in OLSTS. DESTS tumors were less irradiated and more often amputated (24.3% vs 3.4%). The five-year survival rate was 78.2% compared to 68.6% in OLSTS and after multivariate analysis, STS localization did not impact survival or local/metastatic recurrence. CONCLUSION: Though rare and smaller than other limb localizations, DESTS are to be considered as aggressive. Despite a higher amputation rate, the prognosis remains the same as in OLSTS. Limb sparing vs amputation should be carefully assessed in DESTS, especially if grade 3 or of a poor prognosis histological subtype.


Assuntos
Extremidades , Sarcoma/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Sarcoma/mortalidade , Sarcoma/patologia
19.
Oncologist ; 24(7): 980-988, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30626710

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a rare sarcoma characterized by a slow evolution, brain metastasis (BM), and resistance to doxorubicin. Antiangiogenic therapies (AAT) have shown clinical activity, but little is known about the optimal therapeutic strategy, specifically considering BM. SUBJECTS, MATERIALS, AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of all patients with ASPS treated in three referral centers of the French Sarcoma Group. We aimed to describe factors associated with overall survival (OS) and the impact of BM on outcome of patients treated by AAT. RESULTS: We identified 75 patients between 1971 and 2012 (median age = 23, range: 5-96 years). Median follow-up was 74 months. Patients with localized (n = 44, 59%) and metastatic (n = 31, 41%) diseases had a 10-year OS of 69% and 25%, respectively. Only surgical incomplete resection was associated with shorter OS in localized disease (hazard ratio [HR] = 5.2, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2-22.4, p = .02). Fifty-two (69%) patients developed lung metastasis (LM; baseline: n = 31, [41%]; de novo: n = 21, [28%]). Thirteen patients developed BM, all occurring after LM. Tumor size ≥5 cm was associated with poorer BM-free survival (HR = 8.4, 95% CI 2.1-33.9, p = .002). Median OS post-BM was 17 months (95% CI 15 to not assessable). Overall, 12 patients were treated with AAT (sunitinib n = 10): 5 patients had BM and achieved poor outcomes compared with patients without, with median progression-free-survivals of 2 versus 11 months, respectively. CONCLUSION: Baseline larger tumors were associated with increased risk of brain metastasis in patients with ASPS. Patients with BM seem to have little benefit from AAT, suggesting the need to develop antineoplastic agents with high central nervous system penetrance in this setting. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is an extremely rare subtype of sarcoma that is particularly resistant to conventional therapies. Antiangiogenic therapies (AAT) have shown promising results. However, patients with ASPS still die of tumor evolution. This study highlights the prognostic shift induced by brain metastasis (BM), identifying this event as a major contributor to the death of patients with ASPS, and observes a striking lack of effectiveness of AAT in patients who had previously developed BM. This observation is of interest for the therapeutic development in ASPS, highlighting the need to develop strategies dedicated to BM, such as radiosurgery or high-central nervous system penetrance tyrosine kinase inhibitors.

20.
J Hematol Oncol ; 12(1): 11, 2019 01 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30683135

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is one of the most frequent soft tissue sarcoma subtypes and is characterized by a consistent deregulation of the PI3K/mTOR pathway. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been poorly studied in soft tissue sarcomas. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the association between CSCs, the outcome of LMS patients, and the resistance to PI3K/mTOR pathway inhibition. METHODS: We investigated the relationships between aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1) expression, a cancer stem cell marker, and the outcome of LMS patients in two independent cohorts. We assessed the impact of CSCs in resistance to PI3K/mTOR pathway inhibition using LMS cell lines, a xenograft mouse model, and human tumor samples. RESULTS: We found that enhanced ALDH1 activity is a hallmark of LMS stem cells and is an independent prognostic factor. We also identified that secondary resistance to PI3K/mTOR pathway inhibition was associated with the expansion of LMS CSCs. Interestingly, we found that EZH2 inhibition, a catalytic component of polycomb repressive complex which plays a critical role in stem cell maintenance, restored sensitivity to PI3K/mTOR pathway inhibition. Importantly, we confirmed the clinical relevance of our findings by analyzing tumor samples from patients who showed secondary resistance after treatment with a PI3Kα inhibitor. CONCLUSIONS: Altogether, our findings suggest that CSCs have a strong impact on the outcome of patients with LMS and that combining PI3K/mTOR and EZH2 inhibitors may represent a promising strategy in this setting.

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