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1.
J Orthop Sci ; 2020 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32122744

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a major cause of chronic pain with nociceptive, neuropathic or both pain components, and a leading cause of disability. The objectives of this study were to determine the impact of background factors including previous use of drugs on outcomes of pharmacological therapy for CLBP in a nationwide multicenter prospective study. METHODS: The subjects were 474 patients (male: 41.9%, median age: 73.0) with CLBP. Background factors that could influence outcomes after pharmacological treatment for 6 months were examined: age, gender, body mass index (BMI), duration of CLBP, osteoporosis, history of spinal surgery, history of malignant tumor, smoking habit, employment status (yes or no), exercise habit (frequency), number of live-in family members, having something to do for pleasure, Center for Epidemiologic Studies depression scale (CES-D) score, and medication at baseline. Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, visual analogue scale (VAS) for LBP, JOA Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire (JOABPEQ), Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RDQ), Short-form 8-item health survey (SF-8), and EQ-5D were used for evaluation at baseline and after 6 months. Multivariate linear regression models were used in statistical analysis. RESULTS: Drugs for neuropathic pain at baseline (p < 0.001), Tramacet® at baseline (p < 0.05), weak opioids at baseline (p < 0.05), older age (p < 0.001), long disease duration (p < 0.005), history of spinal surgery (p < 0.001), and smoking habit (p < 0.001) had significant negative effects on outcomes. Employment (p < 0.05), exercise habit (p < 0.05), and CED-D at baseline (p < 0.001) had positive effects on outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to identify significant prognostic factors for outcomes of pharmacological treatment of CLBP. The neuropathic pain component of CLBP at baseline is a major significant negative factor for most outcomes involving improved pain, activities of daily life, and quality of life. Treatment strategies developed with consideration of these factors may be advantageous for recovery from CLBP.

2.
Spine Surg Relat Res ; 3(4): 327-334, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31768452

RESUMO

Introduction: Lumbar interbody fusion is used to treat degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis with instability. We developed a device that safely expands a percutaneous path through Kambin's triangle and used it via a new technique: percutaneous endoscopic transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (PETLIF). We report in this study the details and outcomes of this procedure after a one year follow-up. Methods: Twenty-five patients requiring interbody fusion for degenerative spondylolisthesis of the L4 vertebra were enrolled in this study. The procedure involved percutaneous posterior pedicle screw placement to correct spondylolisthesis. After the exterior of the L5 vertebra superior articular protrusion was shaved with a percutaneous endoscopic drill in order to expand the safe zone, the oval sleeve was inserted through Kambin's triangle and was rotated to expand the disk height and create a path toward the vertebral disk. The interbody cage was inserted against the J-shaped nerve retractor, with the exiting nerve root retracted. Indirect decompression of spinal canal stenosis was expected because the vertebral body spondylolisthesis had been corrected and the interbody distance was expanded. Thus, no direct decompression was performed posterolaterally. Results: The mean follow-up period, surgery time, and blood loss were 22.7 months, 125.4 min, and 64.8 mL, respectively. The Japanese Orthopaedic Association score improved from 13.3 to 28.0. The Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire score improved from 10.3 to 3.3. All items were evaluated both preoperatively and one year postoperatively. Bone fusion was observed one year postoperatively in 22 out of 25 patients. Conclusions: These results demonstrate the feasibility and efficacy of PETLIF for treating degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. This minimally invasive procedure is useful and has wide applicability. To obtain safe and favorable results, necessary surgical techniques must be mastered, and surgical equipment, including that for neural monitoring, is required.

3.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3685, 2019 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417091

RESUMO

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common pediatric spinal deformity. Several AIS susceptibility loci have been identified; however, they could explain only a small proportion of AIS heritability. To identify additional AIS susceptibility loci, we conduct a meta-analysis of the three genome-wide association studies consisting of 79,211 Japanese individuals. We identify 20 loci significantly associated with AIS, including 14 previously not reported loci. These loci explain 4.6% of the phenotypic variance of AIS. We find 21 cis-expression quantitative trait loci-associated genes in seven of the fourteen loci. By a female meta-analysis, we identify additional three significant loci. We also find significant genetic correlations of AIS with body mass index and uric acid. The cell-type specificity analyses show the significant heritability enrichment for AIS in multiple cell-type groups, suggesting the heterogeneity of etiology and pathogenesis of AIS. Our findings provide insights into etiology and pathogenesis of AIS.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Escoliose/genética , Adolescente , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética , Fatores Sexuais , Ácido Úrico/metabolismo
4.
Spine Surg Relat Res ; 3(1): 17-26, 2019 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31435547

RESUMO

Although adult spinal deformity (ASD) has become a global health problem, the classification system and optimal surgical treatment for ASD is yet to be standardized worldwide. A significant part of the population, as high as 10%, in industrialized societies will be aged above 65 years within the next 10 years. Herein, a systematic review of the scientific literature related to the classification and treatment of ASD was conducted wherein historical to the most recent classifications of ASD were reviewed. By discussing the benefits and limitations of the previous classification systems and considering the factors affecting the clinical outcomes of surgical treatment of ASD, this article would like to propose future directions for the development of a new classification system for ASD.

5.
Spine Surg Relat Res ; 3(2): 126-135, 2019 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31435564

RESUMO

Cervical spine instrumentation is evolving with an aim of stabilizing traumatic and non-traumatic cases of the cervical spine with a beneficial reduction, better biomechanical strength, and a strong construct with minimal intraoperative, as well as immediate and late postoperative complications. The evolution from interspinous wiring till cervical pedicle screws has changed the outlook in treating the cervical spine pathologies with maximum 3D stability, decreasing the duration of postoperative immobilization and hospital stay. Some complications associated with the use of cervical pedicle screw can be catastrophic. This review article discusses the morphometry of cervical pedicle; indications, biomechanical superiority, tricks, and pitfalls of cervical pedicle screw; complications and technical advancements in targeting safe surgery; and future directions of cervical pedicle screw instrumentation.

6.
Global Spine J ; 9(1 Suppl): 15S-21S, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31157143

RESUMO

Study Design: Retrospective case study on prospectively collected data. Objectives: The purpose of this explorative study was: 1) to determine if patterns of spinal cord injury could be detected through intra-operative neuromonitoring (IONM) changes in pediatric patients undergoing spinal deformity corrections, 2) to identify if perfusion based or direct trauma causes of IONM changes could be distinguished, 3) to observe the effects of the interventions performed in response to these events, and 4) to attempt to identify different treatment algorithms for the different causes of IONM alerts. Methods: Prospectively collected neuromonitoring data in pre-established forms on consecutive pediatric patients undergoing coronal spinal deformity surgery at a single center was reviewed. Real-time data was collected on IONM alerts with >50% loss in signal. Patients with alerts were divided into 2 groups: unilateral changes (direct cord trauma), and bilateral MEP changes (cord perfusion deficits). Results: A total of 97 pediatric patients involving 71 females and 26 males with a mean age of 14.9 (11-18) years were included in this study. There were 39 alerts in 27 patients (27.8% overall incidence). All bilateral changes responded to a combination of transfusion, increasing blood pressure, and rod removal. Unilateral changes as a result of direct trauma, mainly during laminotomies for osteotomies, improved with removal of the causative agent. Following corrective actions in response to the alerts, all cases were completed as planned. Signal returned to near baseline in 20/27 patients at closure, with no new neurological deficits in this series. Conclusion: A high incidence of alerts occurred in this series of cases. Dividing IONM changes into perfusion-based vs direct trauma directed treatment to the offending cause, allowing for safe corrections of the deformities. Patients did not need to recover IONM signal to baseline to have a normal neurological examination.

7.
J Orthop Sci ; 24(5): 805-811, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31230950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain is a major health problem that has a substantial effect on people's quality of life and places a significant economic burden on healthcare systems. However, there has been little cost-effectiveness analysis of the treatments for it. Therefore, the purpose of this prospective observational study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the pharmacological management of chronic low back pain. METHODS: A total of 474 patients received pharmacological management for chronic low back pain using four leading drugs for 6 months at 28 institutions in Japan. Outcome measures, including EQ-5D, the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, the JOA back pain evaluation questionnaire (BPEQ), the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, the Medical Outcomes Study SF-8, and the visual analog scale, were investigated at baseline and every one month thereafter. The incremental cost-utility ratio (ICUR) was calculated as drug cost over the quality-adjusted life years. An economic estimation was performed from the perspective of a public healthcare payer in Japan. Stratified analysis based on patient characteristics was also performed to explore the characteristics that affect cost-effectiveness. RESULTS: The ICUR of pharmacological management for chronic low back pain was JPY 453,756. Stratified analysis based on patient characteristics suggested that the pharmacological treatments for patients with a history of spine surgery or cancer, low frequency of exercise, long disease period, low scores in lumbar spine dysfunction and gait disturbance of the JOA BPEQ, and low JOA score at baseline were not cost-effective. CONCLUSIONS: Pharmacological management for chronic low back pain is cost-effective from the reference willingness to pay. Further optimization based on patient characteristics is expected to contribute to the sustainable development of a universal insurance system in Japan.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Crônica/economia , Análise Custo-Benefício , Honorários Farmacêuticos , Dor Lombar/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Lombar/economia , Idoso , Analgésicos não Entorpecentes/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos não Entorpecentes/economia , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos Opioides/economia , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/economia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Asian Spine J ; 13(4): 694-703, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30962414

RESUMO

This literature review aims to determine potential clinical factors or comorbidities besides radiological parameters that affect the outcome of adult spinal deformity (ASD) management and review existing classifications associated with ASD. ASD is a multifactorial disease that comprises pathologies like radiological spine deformity, coexistence of spinal canal stenosis, radiculopathy, and multiple comorbidities. The available classification systems of ASD are predominantly based on radiological parameters and do not consider related clinical conditions. ASD patients with different combinations of these parameters behave differently and need different management strategies. We conducted a narrative literature review with search limited to English language of PubMed/MEDLINE using Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) terms. The terms specific to the review were ASD and several other related terminologies. We analyzed the information of the selected papers including factors affecting surgical outcomes for degenerative scoliosis. We reviewed 614 citations. Based on the inclusion criteria, 39 citations were selected for full-text retrieval; of these, 28 were excluded because of not fulfilling the inclusion criteria. Thus, 11 studies were selected and included for the final analysis. The presence of leg pain, spinal stenosis, obesity, osteoporosis, smoking, and age of patients were major influencing factors. Furthermore, the factors included in the available classifications, such as the Scoliosis Research Society-Schwab classifications, were reviewed and results were tabulated. This review highlights the significance of neurological symptoms, spinal stenosis, osteoporosis, obesity, age, and smoking, which markedly affect the management of ASD. With increasing number of patients being diagnosed and treated with ASD, there has been a growing need to comprehensively classify these patients into clinicoradiological subgroups.

9.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 49(2): 525-533, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30318643

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency (RF) heating during MRI theoretically increases with magnetic field strength. In addition, implanted metallic devices are reported to further increase RF heating. However, a detailed evaluation of this type of heating remains scarce in clinical practice. PURPOSE: To assess possible risks and discomfort related to RF heating during MRI examinations of patients with and without metallic implantable devices. STUDY TYPE: A retrospective study of previous questionnaire results on the heating sensation during MRI examinations of the lumbar spine. SUBJECTS: In all, 715 patients, of whom 101 had implanted lumbar spine fixation devices. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 1T and 3T/T1 - and T2 -weighted imaging. ASSESSMENT: The number of patients who perceived heating around the lumbar spine or other regions during the MRI examination. STATISTICAL TESTS: A chi-square test with respect to static field strength B0 , presence of lumbar spine fixation devices, and duration of the MRI examination. RESULTS: The number of patients who perceived heating around the lumbar spine during the MRI examination significantly increased from 5.0% at 1T to 47.5% at 3T (P < 0.001), without a significant difference between patients with and without lumbar spine fixation devices (P = 0.23 at 1T, P = 0.48 at 3T), and regardless of the duration of the MRI examination (P = 0.88 at 1T, P = 0.15 at 3T). DATA CONCLUSION: Sensation of RF heating increased by around 10 times from 1T to 3T MRI examination, but the influence of implanted lumbar spine fixation devices on the RF heating sensation has not been observed. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4 Technical Efficacy: Stage 1 J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2019;49:525-533.

10.
J Pharm Sci ; 107(8): 2144-2151, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29684408

RESUMO

Sticking is a common observation in the scale-up stage on the punch tip using a commercial tableting machine. The difference in the total compression time between a laboratory tableting machine and a commercial one is considered one of the main root causes of scale-up issues in the tableting processes. The proposed "Size Adjusted for Scale-up punch" can be used to adjust the consolidation and dwell times for commercial tableting machine. As a result, the sticking phenomenon is able to be replicated at the pilot scale stage. As reported in this article, the quantification of sticking was done using a 3-D laser scanning microscope to check the tablet surface. It was shown that the sticking area decreased with the addition of magnesium stearate in the formulation, but the sticking depth was not affected by the additional amount of magnesium stearate. It is proposed that the use of a 3-D laser scanning microscope can be applied to evaluate sticking as a process analytical technology tool, and so sticking can be monitored continuously without stopping the machine.


Assuntos
Composição de Medicamentos/métodos , Excipientes/química , Microscopia Confocal/métodos , Ácidos Esteáricos/química , Comprimidos/química , Adesividade , Composição de Medicamentos/instrumentação , Desenho de Equipamento , Microscopia Confocal/instrumentação , Pressão , Propriedades de Superfície
11.
Bone ; 108: 25-33, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29241826

RESUMO

Healthy trabecular bone shows highly anisotropic trabecular architecture and the preferential orientation of collagen and apatite inside a trabecula, both of which are predominantly directed along the cephalocaudal axis. This makes trabecular bone stiff in the principally loaded direction (cephalocaudal axis). However, changes in these anisotropic trabecular characteristics after the insertion of implant devices remain unclear. We defined the trabecular architectural anisotropy and the preferential orientation of collagen and apatite as parameters of trabecular bone health. In the present study, we analyzed these parameters after the implantation of two types of intervertebral fusion cages, open and closed box-type cages, into sheep spines for 2 and 4months. Alteration and evolution of trabecular health around and inside the cages depended on the cage type and implantation duration. At the boundary region, the values of trabecular architectural anisotropy and apatite orientation for the closed-type cages were similar to those for isotropic conditions. In contrast, significantly larger anisotropy was found for open-type cages, indicating that the open-type cage tended to maintain trabecular anisotropy. Inside the open-type cage, trabecular architectural anisotropy and apatite orientation significantly increased with time after implantation. Assessing trabecular anisotropy might be useful for the evaluation of trabecular health and the validation and refinement of implant designs.


Assuntos
Apatitas/química , Osso Esponjoso/anatomia & histologia , Osso Esponjoso/cirurgia , Colágeno/química , Fusão Vertebral , Coluna Vertebral/anatomia & histologia , Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Animais , Anisotropia , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão , Ovinos , Microtomografia por Raio-X
12.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) ; 43(10): 688-692, 2018 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28902104

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Case-only study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to confirm the association of rs11190870 with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) severity in Japanese patients with AIS. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although the association of rs11190870 with AIS susceptibility is replicated in multiple ethnics, the association of rs11190870 with curve severity is controversial. Since the previous studies are of small, we performed a replication study using far larger number of patients than previous studies. METHODS: A total of 1860 Japanese patients with AIS who had reached skeletal maturity or undergone surgical fusion were included in the study. We evaluated the association between rs11190870 and AIS progression for the entire group, and then for patients grouped according to a severe curve (a Cobb angle of ≥40°) or mild curve (a Cobb angle <30°). Because braces could affect the results of the present study, patients in the mild-curve group were divided according to whether or not they had worn a brace. We then evaluated associations between rs11190870 genotype and curve severity in these groups. RESULTS: The mean Cobb angles were 54.8°â€Š±â€Š12.1° in the severe-curve group and 24.4°â€Š±â€Š4.0° in the mild-curve group. The difference in rs11190870 risk-allele frequency between the severe- and mild-curve groups was evaluated. No significant differences were observed. We then examined the association of rs11190870 risk-allele frequency between patients in the mild- and severe-curve groups using the χ test for three models, and found a marginal association between rs11190870 and curve severity in the dominant model (P = 0.035, odds ratio = 1.51). CONCLUSION: We found no association between rs11190870 and curve severity using the criteria of previous study. However, we found a marginal association between rs11190870 and curve severity. Large-scale replication studies that consider skeletal maturity and brace history, including replication studies in other ethnic groups, would be helpful for clarifying the association. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4.


Assuntos
Estudos de Associação Genética/métodos , Genótipo , Escoliose/epidemiologia , Escoliose/genética , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem
13.
Eur Spine J ; 27(3): 585-596, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28780621

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Evaluation and surgical management for adult spinal deformity (ASD) patients varies between health care providers. The purpose of this study is to identify appropriateness of specific approaches and management strategies for the treatment of ASD. METHODS: From January to July 2015, the AOSpine Knowledge Deformity Forum performed a modified Delphi survey where 53 experienced deformity surgeons from 24 countries, rated the appropriateness of management strategies for multiple ASD clinical scenarios. Four rounds were performed: three surveys and a face-to-face meeting. Consensus was achieved with ≥70% agreement. RESULTS: Appropriate surgical goals are improvement of function, pain, and neural symptoms. Appropriate preoperative patient evaluation includes recording information on history and comorbidities, and radiographic workup, including long standing films and MRI for all patients. Preoperative pulmonary and cardiac testing and DEXA scan is appropriate for at-risk patients. Intraoperatively, appropriate surgical strategies include long fusions with deformity correction for patients with large deformity and sagittal imbalance, and pelvic fixation for multilevel fusions with large curves, sagittal imbalance, and osteoporosis. Decompression alone is inappropriate in patients with large curves, sagittal imbalance, and progressive deformity. It is inappropriate to fuse to L5 in patients with symptomatic disk degeneration at L5-S1. CONCLUSIONS: These results provide guidance for informed decision-making in the evaluation and management of ASD. Appropriate care for ASD, a very diverse spectrum of disease, must be responsive to patient preference and values, and considerations of the care provider, and the healthcare system. A monolithic approach to care should be avoided.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Ortopédicos/normas , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/normas , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/normas , Curvaturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Técnica Delfos , Diagnóstico por Imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Anamnese , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exame Físico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Curvaturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/prevenção & controle
14.
Hum Mol Genet ; 26(20): 4086-4092, 2017 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29016859

RESUMO

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a common spinal deformity affecting millions of children. Since treatment and prognosis of AIS depend on curve progression, identifying factors related to AIS curve progression is important in its management. Although several genetic loci for AIS occurrence are reported, no locus for curve progression has been identified. To identify genes associated with AIS progression, we conducted a genome-wide association study followed by a replication study using a total of 2,543 AIS subjects who were evaluated for the curve progression. We identified a significantly associated locus on chromosome 11q14.1 (P = 1.98 × 10-9, odds ratio = 1.56). In silico and in vitro analyses identified a functional variant, rs35333564 in MIR4300HG, the host gene of a microRNA, MIR4300. The genomic region containing rs35333564 had enhancer activity, which was decreased in its risk allele. Our data suggest that decrease of MIR4300 is related to AIS progression.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/genética , Escoliose/genética , Adolescente , Alelos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Razão de Chances , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fatores de Risco , Escoliose/metabolismo
15.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) ; 42(19): 1478-1484, 2017 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28252557

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective nationwide questionnaire-based survey of complications. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the incidence of complications and risk factors associated with lateral interbody fusion (LIF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: After its introduction to Japan in February 2013, the numbers of LIF cases have increased substantially because of the advantages of this minimally invasive procedure. However, LIF has the potential risk of several complications unique to the procedure. Although there are many reports of complications, no nationwide survey has been conducted. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent to all Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (JSSR) members. Questionnaires requested information about surgical procedures (XLIF or OLIF), patient characteristics, preoperative diagnosis, complications, salvage procedures, final outcomes, and the surgeon's experience of LIF. The data from replies received between March 2013 and April 2015 were recorded on a web site and the details of complications were analyzed by a JSSR research team. RESULTS: Seventy-one institutions (12.3%) answered "yes" to LIF experience and 2998 cases (1995 XLIF and 1003 OLIF) were enrolled in this study. The response rate was 86.1%. A total of 540 complications were reported, of which 474 (84.8%) could be further analyzed. The overall complication rate was 18.0%. The most frequent complications were sensory nerve injury (5.1%) and psoas weakness (4.3%) and the majority resolved spontaneously. The rates of major vascular injury, bowel injury, and surgical site infection were 0.03%, 0.03%, and 0.7%, respectively. The overall reoperation rate was 2.2%. Higher rates of sensory nerve injury and psoas weakness were reported for XLIF and higher rates of peritoneal laceration and ureteral injury were reported for OLIF. CONCLUSION: A nationwide survey of complications associated with LIF was conducted. Although the majority of complications were minor, a relatively high rate of complications was reported. Approach-related specific features of the two procedures were identified. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4.


Assuntos
Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Masculino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Reoperação/efeitos adversos , Reoperação/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/diagnóstico , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo
16.
J Orthop Sci ; 22(3): 536-541, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28108224

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence related to the effectiveness of combination drug therapy for the treatment of osteoporosis is currently considered insufficient. Therefore, this study was performed to clarify the effects of monotherapy, and combination therapy, with a bisphosphonate (minodronic acid hydrate), a bone resorption inhibitor, and calcitonin (elcatonin), which is effective for the alleviation of pain due to vertebral fractures in osteoporotic patients. METHODS: Study participants comprised of 51 female subjects with post-menopausal osteoporosis, whose main complaint was acute lower back pain caused by vertebral fractures. Subjects were randomly allocated into three groups and then administered with either intramuscular injections of elcatonin at a dose of 20 units weekly, minodronic acid hydrate at a dose of 1 mg daily, or a combination of these two drugs. As primary endpoints, time-dependent changes in levels of pain were assessed using a visual analog scale from baseline to 6 months of duration. In addition, we examined the effects of monotherapies, and a combination therapy on bone resorption, with changes in bone mineral density at 4 sites and advanced hip assessment parameters from baseline to 6 months. A two-tailed significance level of 5% was used for hypothesis testing. RESULTS: Elcatonin monotherapy showed some alleviation of pain immediately after any vertebral fractures, which was more than in the minodronic acid hydrate monotherapy group. In addition, the minodronic acid hydrate monotherapy group experienced more effective inhibited bone resorption than the elcatonin monotherapy group. In the combination therapy, the efficacy for alleviating pain and inhibiting bone resorption was equivalent to the effect observed in the elcatonin and minodronic acid hydrate monotherapy groups respectively, with further improved values of bone mineral density observed in the femoral neck and lumbar vertebrae, and in parameters of advanced hip assessment compared with both monotherapy groups. CONCLUSIONS: Combination therapy with elcatonin and minodronic acid hydrate appears to be an effective treatment for osteoporosis patients with lower back pain, caused by fresh vertebral fractures.


Assuntos
Calcitonina/administração & dosagem , Difosfonatos/administração & dosagem , Imidazóis/administração & dosagem , Vértebras Lombares , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Densidade Óssea , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/administração & dosagem , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Osteoporose/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Tempo para o Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Clin Oral Implants Res ; 28(11): e227-e235, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28097682

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Regenerating critical-size bone injury is a major problem that continues to inspire the design of new graft materials. Therefore, tissue engineering has become a novel approach for targeting bone regeneration applications. Human teeth are a rich source of stem cells, matrix, trace metal ions, and growth factors. A vital tooth-derived demineralized dentin matrix is acid-insoluble and composed of cross-linked collagen with growth factors. In this study, we recycled human non-functional tooth into a unique geometric dentin scaffold, entitled perforated root-demineralized dentin matrix (PR-DDM). The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of PR-DDM as the scaffold for regenerating bone in critical-size iliac defects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Artificial macro-pores (1 mm in diameter) were added to human vital wisdom tooth after removing the enamel and pulp portions. The modified tooth was demineralized in 0.34 N HNO3 for 30 min and is referred to as PR-DDM scaffold. Critical-size defect (10 mm × 15 mm × 9 mm Ø) was created in the iliac crest of six adult sheep. The in vivo bone regeneration by the scaffold was evaluated by micro-CT, 3D micro-CT, and histological examination at 2 and 4 months post-implantation. RESULTS: PR-DDM exhibited better bone ingrowth, especially in the artificial macro-pores. The results of micro-CT and 3D micro-CT revealed good union between scaffold and native bone. New bone formation was observed in almost all portions of PR-DDM. Higher bone volume inside the scaffold was detected at 4 months compared with 2 months. New bone ingrowth was ankylosed with PR-DDM, and both osteoinduction and osteoconduction capability of PR-DDM were confirmed histologically. The ratio of new bone formation was higher at 4 months compared with 2 months by histomorphometric analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Altogether, these results demonstrated that the human tooth-derived graft material with a unique geometric structure, PR-DDM, contributed to active bone ingrowth in critical-size bone defects. This novel scaffold may have great utility in the near-future clinical application.


Assuntos
Regeneração Óssea , Dentina/transplante , Regeneração Tecidual Guiada/métodos , Ílio/lesões , Tecidos Suporte , Animais , Humanos , Ílio/cirurgia , Masculino , Ovinos
18.
J Bone Miner Metab ; 35(5): 544-553, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27830386

RESUMO

Elderly patients with osteoporotic vertebral fractures often experience severe pain that reduces their quality of life (QOL). Calcitonin, a bone resorption inhibitor, has been reported to alleviate pain in such patients; however, few clinical studies have demonstrated this effect. The objective of this study was to compare changes in pain scores, activities of daily living (ADL), QOL, bone resorption, bone mineral density (BMD), and fracture healing among patients with new vertebral fractures who received different treatment modalities. We conducted an open-label, multicenter, randomized, parallel control group study comprising 107 female patients ≥55 years old with acute back pain from vertebral fracture. All subjects received either intramuscular injections of elcatonin, a derivative of calcitonin, or an oral nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) combined with an active vitamin D3 (VD3) analogue for 6 months. The pain was assessed using a visual analogue scale, and ADL and QOL were assessed using questionnaires. BMD was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. A two-tailed significance level of 5% was used. The elcatonin IM group had significantly higher QOL score at 2 weeks and later, and significantly lower VAS and ADL scores than those in the NSAID + VD3 group at 1 month and later. The elcatonin IM group had significantly reduced TRACP-5b levels compared with those in the NSAID + VD3 group at 3 months and later and significantly higher percent changes in BMD than the NSAID + VD3 group. These results suggest that elcatonin significantly alleviated pain, inhibited bone resorption, and improved ADL, QOL, and BMD compared with NSAID + VD3.

19.
PLoS One ; 11(8): e0161906, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27564683

RESUMO

Flattening of the preimplantation rod contour in the sagittal plane influences thoracic kyphosis (TK) restoration in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) surgery. The effects of multilevel facetectomy and screw density on postoperative changes in spinal rod contour have not been documented. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of multilevel facetectomy and screw density on changes in spinal rod contour from before implantation to after surgical correction of thoracic curves in patients with AIS prospectively. The concave and convex rod shapes from patients with thoracic AIS (n = 49) were traced prior to insertion. Postoperative sagittal rod shape was determined by computed tomography. The angle of intersection of the tangents to the rod end points was measured. Multiple stepwise linear regression analysis was used to identify variables independently predictive of change in rod contour (Δθ). Average Δθ at the concave and convex side were 13.6° ± 7.5° and 4.3° ± 4.8°, respectively. The Δθ at the concave side was significantly greater than that of the convex side (P < 0.0001) and significantly correlated with Risser sign (P = 0.032), the preoperative main thoracic Cobb angle (P = 0.031), the preoperative TK angle (P = 0.012), and the number of facetectomy levels (P = 0.007). Furthermore, a Δθ at the concave side ≥14° significantly correlated with the postoperative TK angle (P = 0.003), the number of facetectomy levels (P = 0.021), and screw density at the concave side (P = 0.008). Rod deformation at the concave side suggests that corrective forces acting on that side are greater than on the convex side. Multilevel facetectomy and/or screw density at the concave side have positive effects on reducing the rod deformation that can lead to a loss of TK angle postoperatively.


Assuntos
Parafusos Ósseos , Escoliose/cirurgia , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Cifose/cirurgia , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Período Pós-Operatório , Fusão Vertebral , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
20.
Global Spine J ; 6(5): 414-21, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27433424

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: An international, multicenter cross-sectional image-based study performed in 33 institutions in the Asia Pacific region. OBJECTIVE: The study addressed the role of facet joint angulation and tropism in relation to L4-L5 degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS). METHODS: The study included 349 patients (63% females; mean age: 61.8 years) with single-level DS; 82 had no L4-L5 DS (group A) and 267 had L4-L5 DS (group B). Axial computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging were utilized to assess facet joint angulations and tropism (i.e., asymmetry between facet joint angulations) between groups. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant difference between group A (left mean: 46.1 degrees; right mean: 48.2 degrees) and group B (left mean: 55.4 degrees; right mean: 57.5 degrees) in relation to bilateral L4-L5 facet joint angulations (p < 0.001). The mean bilateral angulation difference was 7.4 and 9.6 degrees in groups A and B, respectively (p = 0.025). A critical value of 58 degrees or greater significantly increased the likelihood of DS if unilateral (adjusted OR: 2.5; 95% CI: 1.2 to 5.5; p = 0.021) or bilateral facets (adjusted OR: 5.9; 95% CI: 2.7 to 13.2; p < 0.001) were involved. Facet joint tropism was found to be relevant between 16 and 24 degrees angulation difference (adjusted OR: 5.6; 95% CI: 1.2 to 26.1; p = 0.027). CONCLUSIONS: In one of the largest studies assessing facet joint orientation in patients with DS, greater sagittal facet joint angulation was associated with L4-L5 DS, with a critical value of 58 degrees or greater increasing the likelihood of the condition for unilateral and bilateral facet joint involvement. Specific facet joint tropism categories were noted to be associated with DS.

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