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1.
Environ Technol ; : 1-14, 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605747

RESUMO

In order to add value to the beach-cast Sargassum cymosum algae, its biomass was converted by pyrolysis process at 800°C into biochar, characterized and applied in the adsorption of Acetaminophen in batch and fixed-bed processes. Characterization by pH, Point of Zero Charge (pHPZC), Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Thermogravimetric (TG), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Surface area (BET) showed that the biochar presents properties favourable for the Acetaminophen adsorption. High surface area was obtained of 368.1 m². g-1, presenting the formation of pores, observed by SEM. The biochar showed basic characteristics (pH = 8.84 and pHPZC = 9.9), inferring an adsorption involving several different mechanisms such as dispersive interactions by π electrons, electrostatic attractions, and hydrophobic interactions. The adsorption mechanism is limited by chemisorption and governed by the formation of monolayer on the biochar surface, the Pseudo-second order kinetic and Langmuir-Freundlich isotherm model described the best behaviour of batch adsorption, with equilibrium and maximum adsorption capacity qe = 6.93 ± 0.07 mg. g-1 and qms = 12.34 ± 0.45 mg. g-1, respectively. Fixed-bed adsorption were performed varying adsorbent mass (0.3 and 0.6 g) and flow rate (2.5 and 5.0 mL. min-1), the best qy = 42.33 mg. g-1 found to adsorbent mass of 0.6 g and flow rate of 2.5 mL. min-1. Yan model described the best behaviour of the breakthrough curves data. Thus, the results provide insights into the development of adsorbents from beach-cast of Sargassum cymosum to adsorption of Acetaminophen, enhancing the use of environmental waste to obtain it.

2.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 25(12): 11775-11786, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29442312

RESUMO

Seaweeds living at their temperature limits of distribution are naturally exposed to physiological stressors, facing additional stress when exposed to coastal pollution. The physiological responses of seaweeds to environmental conditions combining natural and anthropogenic stressors provide important information on their vulnerability. We assessed the physiological effects and ultrastructural alterations of trace metals enrichment at concentrations observed in polluted regions within the temperature ranges of distribution of the endemic seaweed Halimeda jolyana, an important component of tropical southwestern Atlantic reefs. Biomass yield and photosynthetic performance declined substantially in samples exposed to metal, although photosynthesis recovered partially at the highest temperature when metal enrichment was ceased. Metal enrichment caused substantial ultrastructural alterations to chloroplasts regardless of temperatures. The lack of photosynthetic recovery at the lower temperatures indicates a higher vulnerability of the species at its temperature limits of distribution in the southwestern Atlantic.


Assuntos
Clorófitas/efeitos dos fármacos , Metais/toxicidade , Alga Marinha/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes da Água/toxicidade , Biomassa , Cloroplastos , Temperatura Baixa , Temperatura Alta , Fotossíntese , Temperatura
3.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 118(1-2): 206-212, 2017 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28259421

RESUMO

There is scientific evidence that beach sands are a significant contributor to the pathogen load to which visitors are exposed. To develop beach quality guidelines all beach zones must be included in microbiological evaluations, but monitoring methods for beach sand quality are relatively longstanding, expensive, laborious and require moderate laboratory infrastructure. This paper aimed to evaluate the microorganism activity in different beach zones applying and comparing a classical method of membrane filtration (MF) with two colorimetric screening methods based on fluorescein (FDA) and tetrazolium (TTC) salt biotransformation to evaluate a new rapid and low-cost method for beach sand microbiological contamination assessments. The colorimetric results can help beach managers to evaluate rapidly and at low cost the microbiological quality of different beach zones in order to decide whether remedial actions need to be adopted to prevent exposure of the public to microbes due to beach sand and/or water contamination.


Assuntos
Praias/normas , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Dióxido de Silício/análise , Microbiologia da Água
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