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1.
Molecules ; 28(1)2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36615607

RESUMO

The chemical immobilization of cobalt(II) ions in a silica aerogel matrix enabled the synthesis of the first representative example of aerogel-based single-ion magnets. For the synthesis of the lyogels, methyl-trimethoxysilane and N-3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl ethylenediamine were co-hydrolyzed, then the ethylenediamine groups that were immobilized on the silica matrix enabled the subsequent binding of cobalt(II) ions. Lyogels with various amounts of ethylenediamine moieties (0.1-15 mol %) were soaked in isopropanol solutions of cobalt(II) nitrate and further supercritically dried in carbon dioxide to obtain aerogels with a specific surface area of 210-596 m2·g-1, an apparent density of 0.403-0.740 cm3·g-1 and a porosity of 60-78%. The actual cobalt content in the aerogels was 0.01-1.50 mmol per 1 g of SiO2, which could easily be tuned by the concentration of ethylenediamine moieties in the silica matrix. The introduction of cobalt(II) ions into the ethylenediamine-modified silica aerogel promoted the stability of the diamine moieties at the supercritical drying stage. The molecular prototype of the immobilized cobalt(II) complex, bearing one ethylenediamine ligand [Co(en)(MeCN)(NO3)2], was synthesized and structurally characterized. Using magnetometry in the DC mode, it was shown that cobalt(II)-modified silica aerogels exhibited slow magnetic relaxation in a nonzero field. A decrease in cobalt(II) concentration in aerogels from 1.5 mmol to 0.14 mmol per 1 g of SiO2 resulted in a weakening of inter-ion interactions; the magnetization reversal energy barrier likewise increased from 4 to 18 K.


Assuntos
Imãs , Dióxido de Silício , Dióxido de Silício/química , Cobalto/química , Magnetismo , Etilenodiaminas
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674757

RESUMO

Novel radioprotectors are strongly demanded due to their numerous applications in radiobiology and biomedicine, e.g., for facilitating the remedy after cancer radiotherapy. Currently, cerium-containing nanomaterials are regarded as promising inorganic radioprotectors due to their unrivaled antioxidant activity based on their ability to mimic the action of natural redox enzymes like catalase and superoxide dismutase and to neutralize reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are by far the main damaging factors of ionizing radiation. The freshwater planarian flatworms are considered a promising system for testing new radioprotectors, due to the high regenerative potential of these species and an excessive amount of proliferating stem cells (neoblasts) in their bodies. Using planarian Schmidtea mediterranea, we tested CeO2 nanoparticles, well known for their antioxidant activity, along with much less studied CeF3 nanoparticles, for their radioprotective potential. In addition, both CeO2 and CeF3 nanoparticles improve planarian head blastema regeneration after ionizing irradiation by enhancing blastema growth, increasing the number of mitoses and neoblasts' survival, and modulating the expression of genes responsible for the proliferation and differentiation of neoblasts. The CeO2 nanoparticles' action stems directly from their redox activity as ROS scavengers, while the CeF3 nanoparticles' action is mediated by overexpression of "wound-induced genes" and neoblast- and stem cell-regulating genes.


Assuntos
Cério , Nanopartículas , Planárias , Animais , Raios X , Mitógenos/metabolismo , Mediterranea/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Cério/farmacologia , Planárias/genética
3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(23)2022 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36499698

RESUMO

In this study, organo-inorganic nanohybrids LHGd-MTSPP with enzyme-like activity were prepared by in situ intercalation of anionic 5,10,15,20-tetrakis-(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrin and its complexes with Zn(II) and Pd(II) (MTSPP, M = 2H, Zn(II) and Pd(II)) into gadolinium layered hydroxide (LHGd). The combination of powder XRD, CHNS analysis, FT-IR, EDX, and TG confirmed the layered structure of the reaction products. The basal interplanar distances in LHGd-MTSPP samples were 22.3-22.6 Å, corresponding to the size of an intercalated tetrapyrrole molecule. According to SEM data, LHGd-MTSPP hybrids consisted of individual lamellar nanoparticles 20-50 nm in thickness. The enzyme-like activity of individual constituents, LHGd-Cl and sulfoporphyrins TSPP, ZnTSPP and PdTSPP, and hybrid LHGd-MTSPP materials, was studied by chemiluminescence analysis using the ABAP/luminol system in phosphate buffer solution. All the individual porphyrins exhibited dose-dependent antioxidant properties with respect to alkylperoxyl radicals at pH 7.4. The intercalation of free base TSPP porphyrin into the LHGd preserved the radical scavenging properties of the product. Conversely, in LHGd-MTSPP samples containing Zn(II) and Pd(II) complexes, the antioxidant properties of the porphyrins changed to dose-dependent prooxidant activity. Thus, an efficient approach to the design and synthesis of advanced LHGd-MTSPP materials with switchable enzyme-like activity was developed.


Assuntos
Porfirinas , Porfirinas/química , Gadolínio , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Hidróxidos/química
4.
J Funct Biomater ; 13(4)2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36412874

RESUMO

This paper reports the results of the large-scale field testing of composite materials with antibacterial properties in a tropical climate. The composite materials, based on a cotton fabric with a coating of metal oxide nanoparticles (TiO2 and/or ZnO), were produced using high-power ultrasonic treatment. The antibacterial properties of the materials were studied in laboratory tests on solid and liquid nutrient media using bacteria of different taxonomic groups (Escherichia coli, Chromobacterium violaceum, Pseudomonas chlororaphis). On solid media, the coatings were able to achieve a >50% decrease in the number of bacteria. The field tests were carried out in a tropical climate, at the Climate test station "Hoa Lac" (Hanoi city, Vietnam). The composite materials demonstrated long-term antibacterial activity in the tropical climate: the number of microorganisms remained within the range of 1-3% in comparison with the control sample for the duration of the experiment (3 months). Ten of the microorganisms that most frequently occurred on the surface of the coated textiles were identified. The bacteria were harmless, while the fungi were pathogenic and contributed to fabric deterioration. Tensile strength deterioration was also studied, with the fabrics coated with metal oxides demonstrating a better preservation of their mechanical characteristics over time, (there was a 42% tensile strength decrease for the reference non-coated sample and a 21% decrease for the sample with a ZnO + CTAB coating).

5.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(22)2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36433128

RESUMO

A new biocompatible nanocomposite film material for cell engineering and other biomedical applications has been prepared. It is based on the composition of natural polysaccharides filled with cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeONPs). The preparative procedure consists of successive impregnations of pressed bacterial cellulose (BC) with a sodium alginate (ALG) solution containing nanoparticles of citrate-stabilized cerium oxide and a chitosan (CS) solution. The presence of CeONPs in the polysaccharide composite matrix and the interaction of the nanoparticles with the polymer, confirmed by IR spectroscopy, change the network architecture of the composite. This leads to noticeable changes in a number of properties of the material in comparison with those of the matrix's polysaccharide composition, viz., an increase in mechanical stiffness, a decrease in the degree of planar orientation of BC macrochains, an increase in hydrophilicity, and the shift of the processes of thermo-oxidative destruction of the material to a low-temperature region. The latter effect is considered to be caused by the redox activity of cerium oxide (reversible transitions between the states Ce4+ and Ce3+) in thermally stimulated processes in the nanocomposite films. In the equilibrium swollen state, the material retains a mechanical strength at the level of ~2 MPa. The results of in vitro tests (cultivation of multipotent mesenchymal stem cells) have demonstrated the good biocompatibility of the BC-ALG(CeONP)-CS film as cell proliferation scaffolds.

6.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(17)2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36080071

RESUMO

We studied the toxic effects of cerium and fluoride species on human dental pulp stem cells and epithelial cells of Cercopithecus aethiops as a surrogate for the human oral mucosa. The sequential use of CeCl3 and NH4F solutions in equimolar sub-toxic concentrations enabled the possible toxic effects of individual components to be avoided, ensuring the preservation of the metabolic activity of the cells due to the formation of CeF3 nanoparticles. Cerium fluoride nanoparticles and terbium-doped cerium fluoride nanoparticles exhibited neither cytotoxicity nor genotoxicity to dental pulp stem cells, even at high concentrations (10-4 M). In millimolar concentrations (from 10-5-10-6 M), these nanoparticles significantly increased the expression of genes responsible for the cell cycle, differentiation and proliferation. The formation of cerium fluoride on the surface of the mucous membrane and teeth provided protection against the development of carious lesions, periodontitis, ROS attacks and other inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity. Luminescent CeF3: Tb nanoparticles enabled the visualization of tooth enamel microcracks.

7.
Molecules ; 27(15)2022 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35956978

RESUMO

A method is proposed for the preparation of stable sols of nanocrystalline cerium dioxide in nonpolar solvents, based on surface modification of CeO2 nanoparticles obtained by thermal hydrolysis of concentrated aqueous solutions of ammonium cerium(IV) nitrate with residues of 2-ethylhexanoic and octanoic acids. The synthesis was carried out at temperatures below 100 °C and did not require the use of expensive and toxic reagents. An assessment of the radical-scavenging properties of the obtained sols using the superoxide anion-radical neutralization model revealed that they demonstrate notable antioxidant activity. The results obtained indicate the potential of the nanoscale cerium dioxide sols in nonpolar solvents to be used for creating nanobiomaterials possessing antioxidant properties.


Assuntos
Cério , Nanopartículas , Antioxidantes/química , Cério/química , Nanopartículas/química , Solventes
8.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 229: 329-343, 2022 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36592852

RESUMO

Polymeric nanocomposite materials have great potential in the development of tissue-engineered scaffolds because they affect the structure and properties of polymeric materials and regulate cell proliferation and differentiation. In this work, cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeONPs) were incorporated into a chitosan (CS) film to improve the proliferation of multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). The citrate-stabilized CeONPs with a negative ζ-potential (-25.0 mV) were precoated with CS to obtain positively charged particles (+20.3 mV) and to prevent their aggregation in the composite solution. The composite CS-CeONP films were prepared in the salt and basic forms using a dry-cast process. The films obtained in both forms were characterized by a uniform distribution of CeONPs. The incorporation of CeONPs into the salt form of CS increased the stiffness of the CS-CeONP film, while the subsequent conversion of the film to the basic form resulted in a decrease in both the Young's modulus and the yield stress. The redox activity (Ce4+ ⇌ Ce3+) of cerium oxide in the CS-CeONP film was confirmed by thermal oxidative degradation. In vitro culture of MSCs showed that the CS-CeONP film has good biocompatibility, and in vivo experiments demonstrated its substantial regenerative potential.

9.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 10(11)2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34829634

RESUMO

Ionising radiation causes the death of the most actively dividing cells, thus leading to depletion of the stem cell pool. Planarians are invertebrate flatworms that are unique in that their stem cells, called neoblasts, constantly replace old, damaged, or dying cells. Amenability to efficient RNAi treatments, the rapid development of clear phenotypes, and sensitivity to ionising radiation, combined with new genomic technologies, make planarians an outstanding tool for the discovery of potential radioprotective agents. In this work, using the well-known antioxidant N-acetylcysteine, planarians are, for the first time, shown to be an excellent model system for the fast and effective screening of novel radioprotective and radio-sensitising substances. In addition, a panel of measurable parameters that can be used for the study of radioprotective effects on this model is suggested.

10.
Molecules ; 26(20)2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34684781

RESUMO

In this study, an ionic liquid (IL), 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate, was used to prepare ionogels with microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) and halloysite (Hal). SEM, XRD, TG, DSC, FTIR spectroscopy, conductometry and mechanical tests were used to study the morphology, structure, thermal behaviour and electrophysical and mechanical characteristics of synthesised ionogels. XRD analysis showed a slight decrease in the interlayer space of halloysite in ionogels containing MCC, which may have been associated with the removal of residual water molecules resulting from hydrophilic IL anions and polymer macromolecules. A change in conductivity and glass-transition temperature of the ionic liquid was revealed due to intercalation into halloysite (a confinement effect) and modification with cellulose. For triple IL/Hal/MCC ionogels, the characteristic thermal degradation temperatures were higher than the corresponding values for IL/Hal composites. This indicates that the synthesised IL/Hal/MCC ionogels are characterised by a greater thermal stability than those of IL/Hal systems.

11.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(10)2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34685141

RESUMO

Flexible materials, such as fabric, paper and plastic, with nanoscale particles that possess antimicrobial properties have a significant potential for the use in the healthcare sector and many other areas. The development of new antimicrobial coating formulations is an urgent topic, as such materials could reduce the risk of infection in hospitals and everyday life. To select the optimal composition, a comprehensive analysis that takes into account all the advantages and disadvantages in each specific case must be performed. In this study, we obtained an antimicrobial textile with a 100% suppression of E. coli on its surface. These CeO2 nanocoatings exhibit low toxicity, are easy to manufacture and have a high level of antimicrobial properties even at very low CeO2 concentrations. High-power ultrasonic treatment was used to coat the surface of cotton fabric with CeO2 nanoparticles.

12.
Polymers (Basel) ; 13(12)2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34207191

RESUMO

A technique for the fabrication of bacterial cellulose-based films with CeO2 nanofiller has been developed. The structural and morphological characteristics of the materials have been studied, their thermal and mechanical properties in dry and swollen states having been determined. The preparation methodology makes it possible to obtain composites with a uniform distribution of nanoparticles. The catalytic effect of ceria, regarding the thermal oxidative destruction of cellulose, has been confirmed by TGA and DTA methods. An increase in CeO2 content led to an increase in the elastic modulus (a 1.27-fold increase caused by the introduction of 5 wt.% of the nanofiller into the polymer) and strength of the films. This effect is explained by the formation of additional links between polymer macro-chains via the nanoparticles' surface. The materials fabricated were characterized by a limited ability to swell in water. Swelling caused a 20- to 30-fold reduction in the stiffness of the material, the mechanical properties of the films in a swollen state remaining germane to their practical use. The application of the composite films in cell engineering as substrates for the stem cells' proliferation has been studied. The increase in CeO2 content in the films enhanced the proliferative activity of embryonic mouse stem cells. The cells cultured on the scaffold containing 5 wt.% of ceria demonstrated increased cell survival and migration activity. An analysis of gene expression confirmed improved cultivation conditions on CeO2-containing scaffolds.

13.
Polymers (Basel) ; 13(6)2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33802821

RESUMO

The development of advanced composite biomaterials combining the versatility and biodegradability of polymers and the unique characteristics of metal oxide nanoparticles unveils new horizons in emerging biomedical applications, including tissue regeneration, drug delivery and gene therapy, theranostics and medical imaging. Nanocrystalline cerium(IV) oxide, or nanoceria, stands out from a crowd of other metal oxides as being a truly unique material, showing great potential in biomedicine due to its low systemic toxicity and numerous beneficial effects on living systems. The combination of nanoceria with new generations of biomedical polymers, such as PolyHEMA (poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate)-based hydrogels, electrospun nanofibrous polycaprolactone or natural-based chitosan or cellulose, helps to expand the prospective area of applications by facilitating their bioavailability and averting potential negative effects. This review describes recent advances in biomedical polymeric material practices, highlights up-to-the-minute cerium oxide nanoparticle applications, as well as polymer-nanoceria composites, and aims to address the question: how can nanoceria enhance the biomedical potential of modern polymeric materials?

14.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 70: 105323, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32911356

RESUMO

Over the last two decades, the scientific community and industry have made huge efforts to develop environmental protection technologies. In particular, the scarcity of drinking water has prompted the investigation of several physico-chemical treatments, and synergistic effects have been observed in hyphenated techniques. Herein, we report the first example of water treatment under simultaneous hydrodynamic cavitation and plasma discharge with the intense generation of radicals, UV light, shock waves and charged particles. This highly reactive environment is well suited to the bulk treatment of polluted water (i.e. E. coli disinfection and organic pollutant degradation). We have developed a new prototype and have efficiently applied this hybrid technology to water disinfection and the complete degradation of methanol in water with the aim of demonstrating its scalability. We have analyzed the mechanisms of water disinfection under the abovementioned conditions and verified them by measuring cavitation noise spectra and plasma emission spectra. We have also used the degradation of textile dyes and methanol solutions as an indicator for the formation of radicals.

15.
RSC Adv ; 11(56): 35351-35360, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35493182

RESUMO

Cerium dioxide nanoparticles have a special place among engineered nanomaterials due to the wide range of their enzyme-like activities. They possess SOD-, catalase- and peroxidase-like properties, as well as recently discovered phosphatase-, photolyase-, phospholipase- and nuclease-like properties. Advancing biomedical applications of CeO2-based nanozymes requires an understanding of the features and mechanisms of the redox activity of CeO2 nanoparticles when entering the vascular bed, especially when interacting with lipid-protein supramolecular complexes (biomembranes and lipoproteins). In this paper, CeO2 nanoparticles are shown to possess two further types of nanozyme activity, namely lipo- and phospholipoperoxidase-like activities. Compared to a strong blood prooxidant, hemoglobin, CeO2 nanoparticles act as a mild oxidising agent, since they exhibit a 106 times lower, and 20 times lower, prooxidant capacity towards linoleic acid and phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxides, respectively. Compared to the widespread pharmacological preparation of iron, Fe(iii) carboxymaltose (antianemic preparation Ferinject®), the prooxidant capacity of CeO2 nanoparticles towards lipid and phospholipid substrates has been shown to be 102 times lower, and 4 times higher, respectively. The data obtained on the mechanism of the interaction of nanodisperse CeO2 with the main components of biological membranes, lipids and phospholipids enable the substantial expansion of the scope of biomedical applications of CeO2 nanozymes.

16.
Polymers (Basel) ; 12(12)2020 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33260930

RESUMO

For the first time, electroactive nanocomposite elastomers based on polydimethylsiloxane and filled with rod-like α-MnO2 nanoparticles have been obtained. The curing of the filled elastomer in an electric field, resulting in the ordering of the α-MnO2 particles, had a significant effect on the degree of polymer crosslinking, as well as on the electrorheological characteristics of the nanocomposites obtained through this process, namely the values of the storage and loss moduli. The dielectric spectra of filled elastomers in the frequency range 25-106 Hz were analysed in terms of interfacial relaxation processes. It has been shown, for the first time, that the application of an electric field leads to a decrease in the value of the Payne effect in composite elastomers. Analysis of the rheological effect in the obtained materials has demonstrated the possibility of designing highly efficient electrorheological elastomers that change their elastic properties by 4.3 times in electric fields of up to 2 kV/mm.

17.
Carbohydr Polym ; 250: 116866, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049816

RESUMO

Hydrophobic up-conversion nanocomposite films have been developed based on TEMPO-oxidized cellulose nanofibrils (TOCNF) modified with alkyl ketene dimer (AKD) as a matrix and MF2:Ho (M = Ca, Sr) as a phosphor. Fabrication of homogeneous, strong and translucent TOCNF/MF2:Ho-AKD films with water contact angle of 123 ±â€¯2° was accomplished with mild drying at 110 °C. These hydrophobic nanocomposite films demonstrated stable up-conversion luminescence in the visible spectral range upon excitation of the 5I7 level of Ho3+ ions by laser irradiation at 1912 nm both under ambient conditions and in a humid atmosphere (92 ±â€¯2% humidity). The absence of luminescence quenching in a high humidity atmosphere for TOCNF/MF2:Ho-AKD composite films was considered to be due to the reliable shielding effect of the hydrophobic TOCNF-AKD matrix. The films show promise for visualizing 2 µm laser radiation in medicine and monitoring of the atmosphere.


Assuntos
Ácidos Carboxílicos/química , Celulose/química , Etilenos/química , Fluoretos/química , Cetonas/química , Nanocompostos/química , Fosfatos/química , Polímeros/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas
18.
Polymers (Basel) ; 12(9)2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32962065

RESUMO

Electrorheological elastomers based on polydimethylsiloxane filled with hydrated titanium dioxide with a particle size of 100-200 nm were obtained by polymerization of the elastomeric matrix, either in the presence, or in the absence, of an external electric field. The viscoelastic and dielectric properties of the obtained elastomers were compared. Analysis of the storage modulus and loss modulus of the filled elastomers made it possible to reveal the influence of the electric field on the Payne effect in electrorheological elastomers. The elastomer vulcanized in the electric field showed high values of electrorheological sensitivity, 250% for storage modulus and 1100% for loss modulus. It was shown, for the first time, that vulcanization of filled elastomers in the electric field leads to a significant decrease in the degree of crosslinking in the elastomer. This effect should be taken into account in the design of electroactive elastomeric materials.

19.
Polymers (Basel) ; 12(9)2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872303

RESUMO

To design novel polymer materials with optimal properties relevant to industrial usage, it would seem logical to modify polymers with reportedly good functionality, such as polyimides (PIs). We have created a set of PI-based nanocomposites containing binary blends of CeO2 with carbon nanoparticles (nanocones/discs or nanofibres), to improve a number of functional characteristics of the PIs. The prime novelty of this study is in a search for a synergistic effect amidst the nanofiller moieties regarding the thermal and the mechanical properties of PIs. In this paper, we report on the structure, thermal, and mechanical characteristics of the PI-based nanocomposites with binary fillers. We have found that, with a certain composition, the functional performance of a material can be substantially improved. For example, a PI containing SO2-groups in its macrochains not only had its thermal stability enhanced (by ~20 °C, 10% weight loss up to 533 °C) but also had its stiffness increased by more than 10% (Young's modulus as high as 2.9-3.0 GPa) in comparison with the matrix PI. In the case of a PI with no sulfonic groups, binary fillers increased stiffness of the polymer above its glass transition temperature, thereby widening its working temperature range. The mechanisms of these phenomena are discussed. Thus, this study could contribute to the design of new composite materials with controllable and improved functionality.

20.
Chemistry ; 26(53): 12188-12193, 2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608019

RESUMO

Two new cerium(IV) phosphates were obtained: cerium(IV) hydroxidophosphate, Ce(OH)PO4 , and cerium(IV) oxidophosphate, Ce2 O(PO4 )2 , which were shown to complement the classes of isostructural compounds M(OH)PO4 and R2 O(PO4 )2 , where M=Th, U and R=Th, U, Np, Zr. Ce2 O(PO4 )2 oxidophosphate is formed by elimination of H2 O from the crystal structure of Ce(OH)PO4 during its thermal decomposition. The structures of Ce(OH)PO4 and Ce2 O(PO4 )2 are related to each other with the same Cmce space group and similar unit cell parameters (a=6.9691(3) Å, b=9.0655(4) Å, c=12.2214(4) Å, V=772.13(8) Å3 , Z=8; a=7.0220(4) Å, b=8.9894(5) Å, c=12.544(1) Å, V=791.8(1) Å3 , Z=4, respectively).

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