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1.
Chemistry ; 24(48): 12546-12554, 2018 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29863759

RESUMO

The supramolecular chirality of aggregates consisting of achiral trans-bis(salicylaldiminato)NiII complex 1 bearing long alkyl chains can be generated and controlled precisely in a chiral nematic liquid-crystalline (LC) solvent, whereas the complex naturally forms achiral gel fibers in achiral nematic LC solvents and crystals in nonmesogenic solvents. The direction and intensity of the helicity of the gel fibers of 1 in the LC gel state can be adjusted by means of the nature of the helical twisting and the concentration of the chiral dopants. Helicity control was precisely detected in the circular dichroism (CD) spectra of LC gels and by direct SEM observation of the dried gel fibers. XRD analysis revealed that the flexibility of the herringbone-based lamellar alignment of this complex is the key to the LC-specific gelation and helicity control of the gel fibers.

2.
Langmuir ; 33(15): 3802-3808, 2017 04 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28375635

RESUMO

The evaluation of the transport rates of hydrophilic substances is important in agricultural and pharmaceutical chemistry and in the cosmetics and food-processing industries. Although there are some estimation methods focusing on the diffusion of the substances through the oil phase of the W/O/W core-shell double emulsions (oil microcapsules), all of them take several hours or days. This long-time measurement has a risk of rupture of the oil microcapsules, which causes significant errors. If it were possible to measure the transport rate of substances in the oil phase of the oil microcapsules in real time, the risk of rupture could be reduced. Here, we propose a new estimation method for the transport rates of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in the oil phase of an oil microcapsule for real-time estimation by means of chemiluminescence (CL) emission of the luminol reaction. We theoretically give the relationship among the CL emission intensity, diffusion coefficient, microcapsule size, and experimental time and successfully estimate the diffusion coefficient of H2O2 in the oil phase of the oil microcapsule from the experimental data. Moreover, we discuss the dependence of the permeation of H2O2 through the oil phase on the concentration of the oil-soluble surfactant; the difference in the permeation rate is likely to be attributed not to the diffusion coefficient but to the partition coefficient of H2O2 in the oil microcapsule.

3.
Macromol Rapid Commun ; 38(1)2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27775196

RESUMO

Microfluidic devices, which can continuously fabricate single emulsion with monodispersed droplets having a pore diameter of more than 100 µm in large numbers, can be applied to manufacture ordered macroporous films. 3D ordered macroporous films with a diameter of more than 100 µm can be fabricated using ordered arrays of the monodispersed droplets as templates of the macropores, which are self-assembled in the space between two parallel flat glass plates. As the gap between the glass plates increases, the number of the layer increases. Furthermore, in the case with two or more layers, the lattice structure of the macroporous films also changes due to the confinement effects.


Assuntos
Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Óleos/química , Emulsões/química , Estrutura Molecular , Tamanho da Partícula , Porosidade , Propriedades de Superfície , Água/química
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