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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34893406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Frailty and sarcopenia are common and confer poor prognosis in elderly patients with heart failure; however, gender differences in its prevalence or prognostic impact remain unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 1332 patients aged ≥65 years, who were hospitalized for heart failure. Frailty and sarcopenia were defined using the Fried phenotype model and Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia criteria, respectively. Gender differences in frailty and sarcopenia, and interactions between sex and prognostic impact of frailty/sarcopenia on 1-year mortality were evaluated. Overall, 53.9% men and 61.0% women and 23.7% men and 14.0% women had frailty and sarcopenia, respectively. Although sarcopenia was more prevalent in men, no gender differences existed in frailty after adjusting for age. On Kaplan-Meier analysis, frailty and sarcopenia were significantly associated with 1-year mortality in both sexes. On Cox proportional hazard analysis, frailty was associated with 1-year mortality only in men, after adjusting for confounding factors (hazard ratio [HR], 1.94; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.19-3.16; P = 0.008 for men; HR, 1.63; 95% CI, 0.84-3.13; P = 0.147 for women); sarcopenia was an independent prognostic factor in both sexes (HR, 1.93; 95% CI, 1.13-3.31; P = 0.017 for men; HR, 3.18; 95% CI, 1.59-5.64; P = 0.001 for women). There were no interactions between sex and prognostic impact of frailty/sarcopenia (P = 0.806 for frailty; P = 0.254 for sarcopenia). CONCLUSIONS: Frailty and sarcopenia negatively affect older patients with heart failure from both sexes. CLINICAL TRIALS: This study was registered at the University Hospital Information Network (UMIN-CTR, unique identifier: UMIN000023929) before the first patient was enrolled.

2.
BMJ Open ; 11(12): e054303, 2021 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34903550

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cardiac surgery for older patients, postoperative functional decline and the need for long-term care have received increasing attention as essential outcomes in recent years. Therefore, prevention of functional decline and long-term care dependency after cardiac surgery are important; however, our current understanding of postoperative functional trajectory and effects of postoperative regular exercise on long-term functional decline and long-term care dependency is limited. Therefore, we will conduct a multicentre, prospective cohort study to (1) examine the effect of hospital-acquired disability on long-term functional decline and long-term care dependency and (2) investigate the favourable effect of postoperative regular exercise on long-term functional decline and long-term care dependency in older patients after cardiac surgery. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We designed a prospective, multicentre cohort study to enrol older patients aged≥65 years undergoing elective coronary artery bypass graft or valve surgery. We will conduct medical record reviews to collect data on patient demographics, comorbidities, operative details, progression of in-hospital postoperative cardiac rehabilitation and functional trajectory from a few days before cardiac surgery to the day before hospital discharge. They will be followed up for 2 years to obtain information on their health status including functional status, regular exercise and clinical events by mail. Primary endpoints of this study are long-term functional decline and long-term care dependency after cardiac surgery. Secondary endpoints are readmission due to cardiac events or all-cause mortality. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Science, Juntendo University, and of each collaborating hospital. We obtained written informed consent from all study participants after the description of the study procedures. Publication of the study results is anticipated in 2025.

3.
J Cardiol ; 2021 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34819268

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: No reports explicitly examined the relationship between work defined as a certain type of social participation or role and the protective effect on the prognosis of patients with heart failure (HF) by preventing frailty. Therefore, this study examined whether social participation through work before admission relates to future adverse events in HF patients aged ≥65 years, and whether each frailty domain mediates the association between work and prognosis as a second analysis of a multi-centered prospective study (FRAGILE-HF study). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 1,332 older patients with HF whose work status before admission to the hospital were investigated. We assessed the physical, cognitive, and social domains of frailty and performed causal mediation analysis to examine the mediating relationship of each frail domain between work status before admission and 1-year combined events (HF-related readmission and all-cause death). RESULTS: The subjects' median age was 81 years, and 56.9% (758/1,332) were male. Among the three domains of frailty, work before admission reduced only social frailty after adjusting for confounding factors (odds ratio: 0.505, 95% confidence interval: 0.364-0.701). Patients with work before admission had a significantly better prognosis (hazard ratio: 0.720, 95% confidence interval: 0.523-0.989). Only social frailty partly mediated the relationship between work status and combined events (p <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Work status before admission is associated with 1-year combined events, in part through social frailty.

4.
J Gen Fam Med ; 22(6): 347-349, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34754714

RESUMO

A 45-year-old woman presented with persistent bilateral breast and axillary pain lasting for more than 3 months. Lengthy work-up failed to identify the etiology. Physical examination was entirely normal, including breast examination. A traditional Kampo medicine, Goshaku-san, was tried, and the symptoms began to improve gradually. This case is characterized by persistent regional pain syndrome mainly on her breast yet not accompanied by other symptoms, and we would like to propose the current case as a novel unique disease entity. We also discuss the potential benefit of Kampo medicine for the symptoms.

5.
Kobe J Med Sci ; 67(2): E55-E60, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795156

RESUMO

COVID-19 patients reveal various clinical manifestations; however, the specific mechanisms and factors contributing to rapid recovery remain unclear. We performed serum cytokine profiling using a bead-based immunoassay in six COVID-19 patients with mild symptoms who experienced rapid recovery. All patients had fever that resolved within 4 days. During the study, the interferon gamma-related protein 10 (IP-10) level rapidly increased initially, and then rapidly decreased in all six patients. Similarly, the interferon (IFN)-λ 2/3 levels rapidly increased initially, and then decreased in five of the six patients. IP-10 and IFN-λ2/3 may play a key role in the rapid recovery of mild COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/imunologia , Citocinas/sangue , Imunidade Inata , Adulto , Biomarcadores , COVID-19/sangue , Teste para COVID-19 , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
6.
Exp Gerontol ; 156: 111626, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34780931

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Low physical performance may contribute to reduced exercise capacity in older patients with heart failure (HF). We sought to identify the determinants of exercise capacity out of a plethora of background factors, including measures of physical performance. METHODS: We performed a post-hoc analysis of a cohort study that included 1205 consecutive older (age ≥ 65 years) hospitalized patients (the median age, 80 years; 57.4% males). RESULTS: Low physical performance, defined as ≤1.0 m/s for gait speed, ≥12 s for the 5-time chair stand test, or ≤ 9 points for the Short Physical Performance Battery in both sexes, was seen in 83.9% of the cohort. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that each parameter of physical performance (i.e., gait speed, chair stand test, and balance test) was identified as an independent determinant of lower exercise capacity assessed using the 6-min walking distance. In a logistic regression model, low physical performance predicted short (<300 m) 6-min walking distance (adjusted odds ratio 10.28, 95% CI 6.01-17.60, p < 0.001). No interaction was detected between patients with preserved and reduced ejection fraction. CONCLUSIONS: Low physical performance was prevalent and independently associated with exercise capacity in older patients with HF, irrespective of preserved or reduced ejection fraction.

7.
Respirology ; 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34729862

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Exercise capacity in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is limited by exercise-induced hypoxaemia. This study aimed to examine the effect of high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy (HFNC) on exercise tolerance in patients with IPF. METHODS: We conducted a single-centre, open-label, randomized crossover trial to compare HFNC and Venturi mask (VM) therapy in terms of exercise tolerance. Patients underwent constant-load symptom-limited exercise testing at 80% peak work rate with HFNC or a VM in a randomized order. The settings were 60 L/min and a 50% fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2 ) for HFNC and 12 L/min and 50% FiO2 for VM. The primary outcome was endurance time, and the secondary outcomes were heart rate (HR), percutaneous oxygen saturation (SpO2 ), dyspnoea and leg fatigue, as determined by the modified Borg Scale at the isotime and endpoint, and the level of comfort while using the devices. RESULTS: Twenty-four participants (75.0% men; age, median [interquartile range]: 77.5 [68.8-83.0] years) were enrolled. Compared with VM, HFNC significantly improved the endurance time (647.5 s [454.0-1014.8] vs. 577.5 s [338.0-861.5]), minimum SpO2 (96.0% [95.0-98.0] vs. 94.0% [92.8-96.0]) and leg fatigue at the isotime (3.0 [1.6-4.0] vs. 5.0 [3.0-6.3]) and endpoint (4.0 [2.8-5.0] vs. 5.0 [3.8-6.3]). Differences in maximum HR, dyspnoea at the isotime and endpoint and comfort were non-significant between HFNC and VM therapy. CONCLUSION: HFNC increased exercise tolerance in patients with stable IPF experiencing exercise-induced hypoxaemia.

9.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(17): e019954, 2021 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472374

RESUMO

Background Frailty is conceptualized as an accumulation of deficits in multiple areas and is strongly associated with the prognosis of heart failure (HF). However, the social domain of frailty is less well investigated. We prospectively evaluated the clinical characteristics and prognostic impact of social frailty (SF) in elderly patients with HF. Methods and Results FRAGILE-HF (prevalence and prognostic value of physical and social frailty in geriatric patients hospitalized for heart failure) is a multicenter, prospective cohort study focusing on patients hospitalized for HF and aged ≥65 years. We defined SF by Makizako's 5 items, which have been validated as associated with future disability. The primary end point was a composite of all-cause death and rehospitalization because of HF. The impact of SF on all-cause mortality alone was also evaluated. Among 1240 enrolled patients, 825 (66.5%) had SF. During the 1-year observation period after discharge, the rates of the combined end point and all-cause mortality were significantly higher in patients with SF than in those without SF (Log-rank test: both P < 0.05). SF remained as significantly associated with both the combined end point (hazard ratio, 1.30; 95% CI, 1.02-1.66; P = 0.038) and all-cause mortality (hazard ratio, 1.53; 95% CI, 1.01-2.30; P = 0.044), even after adjusting for key clinical risk factors. Furthermore, SF showed significant incremental prognostic value over known risk factors for both the combined end point (net-reclassification improvement: 0.189, 95% CI, 0.063-0.316, P = 0.003) and all-cause mortality (net-reclassification improvement: 0.234, 95% CI, 0.073-0.395, P = 0.004). Conclusions Among hospitalized geriatric patients with HF, two thirds have SF. Evaluating SF provides additive prognostic information in elderly patients with HF. Registration URL: https://upload.umin.ac.jp/. Unique identifier: UMIN000023929.

10.
Knee Surg Relat Res ; 33(1): 35, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34583777

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Physical activity is associated with physical function; however, the relationship between early physical activity after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and postoperative physical function remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of early physical activity after TKA with postoperative physical function. METHODS: Timed Up and Go test (TUG) of 47 patients was assessed preoperatively and at 10 days, 3 months, and 6 months postoperatively. Physical activity from the second to the ninth day after TKA was measured with accelerometer, and the correlation with pre- and postoperative physical function was evaluated . A multiple linear regression was used to predict TUG at 6 months after TKA. RESULTS: Postoperative physical activity correlated with preoperative TUG (ρ = -0.485, p < 0.001), TUG at 10 days (ρ = -0.675, p < 0.001), 3 months (ρ = -0.441, p < 0.01), and 6 months (ρ = -0.368, p < 0.05) after surgery. Multiple linear regression indicated that only the preoperative TUG was associated with TUG at 6 months. Postoperative physical activity was not an independent factor predicting TUG at 6 months after TKA. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that patients with better physical function have higher physical activity in the early postoperative period, whereas it does not affect physical function at 6 months after TKA. In the early postoperative period, increasing physical activity may not always be necessary to improve postoperative physical function. We also confirmed that preoperative physical function affects postoperative physical function. These findings may be beneficial in improving rehabilitation programs in the early postoperative period.

11.
Geriatr Gerontol Int ; 21(10): 926-931, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34390116

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to assess the association between physical frailty and clinical outcomes among older patients hospitalized for pneumonia. METHODS: This study examined 852 consecutive patients hospitalized for pneumonia between October 2018 and September 2020. Patients who were <65 years old, scheduled for admission, did not receive inpatient rehabilitation, or died during admission were excluded. A short physical performance battery (SPPB) test was performed by physical therapists upon discharge. The primary outcome measure was a composite endpoint of readmission or mortality due to any cause within 6 months of discharge. RESULTS: In total, 521 patients (median age, 80 years; interquartile range, 74-86 years) were included in the analyses, and were divided into the following two groups: robust group with SPPB scores >9 (n = 150), and physical frailty group with SPPB scores ≤9 (n = 371). Of these, 346 (66.4%) patients were men; and the median SPPB score was 6 (interquartile range, 1-10). During the median follow-up period of 53 days (interquartile range, 4-180 days), 92 (17.6%) patients were readmitted and 25 (4.8%) patients died. Patients with physical frailty were at an increased risk for the primary endpoint (hazard ratio, 2.21; 95% confidence interval, 1.44-3.41; P < 0.001); the risk remained significant after adjusting for multiple variables (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.70; 95% confidence interval, 1.05-2.74; P = 0.028). CONCLUSIONS: Among older patients with pneumonia, physical frailty status at discharge was an independent risk factor for readmission and mortality within 6 months after initial discharge. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2021; 21: 926-931.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Pneumonia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Avaliação Geriátrica , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Alta do Paciente , Pneumonia/epidemiologia , Pneumonia/terapia
12.
Am J Infect Control ; 49(11): 1359-1361, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34464662

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Secondary bacterial infection during the care of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients poses risks to the patients, but there are concerns of an increase in blood culture contamination. METHODS: A retrospective comparative study was conducted from April 1 to December 31, 2020, when the patients with COVID-19 were taken care of (pandemic period, PP), and it was compared with the same period in 2019 (pre-pandemic period, pre-PP). RESULTS: A total of 346 patients with COVID-19 were hospitalized during the study period in 2020. A total of 1,040 and 918 blood cultures were taken during PPP and PP respectively. 38 and 56 contaminations occurred during pre-PP and PP respectively (3.7% [95% CI 2.6%-5.0%], vs 6.1% [95% CI 4.6%-7.8%], P = .015). For the ICU, 10 and 32 contaminations occurred during the same periods (5.0% [95% CI 2.4%-9.0%], vs 12.5% [95% CI 8.7%-17.1%], P = .0097). True bacteremia in the ICU per patient-day also increased during the PP. CONCLUSIONS: We found a significant increase in blood culture contamination during the COVID-19 pandemic in the ICU setting, while true bacteremia also increased. A safe and effective way to obtain blood cultures from patients with COVID-19 should be sought.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Hemocultura , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
13.
Intern Med ; 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393168

RESUMO

Listeria monocytogenes can cause gastrointestinal infections in healthy children and adults, but they tend to be mild and self-limiting. It can, however, cause serious potentially lethal infections, such as meningitis and bacteremia, to those with underlying conditions. A woman in her 60s with liver cirrhosis developed abdominal pain and a fever, and she turned out to have a perianal abscess caused by L. monocytogenes. Perianal abscess is a rare complication of L. monocytogenes, but a recent epidemiological study revealed that the presence of cirrhosis might also be a risk factor for the development of invasive disease.

14.
Heliyon ; 7(8): e07748, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34395931

RESUMO

Background: Antibody production is one of the primary mechanisms for recovery from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). It is speculated that massive clonal expansion of B cells, which can produce clinically meaningful neutralizing antibodies, occurs in patients who recover on the timing of acquiring adaptive immunity. Methods: To evaluate fluctuations in clonal B cells and the size of the clones, we chronologically assessed the B-cell receptor (BCR) repertoire in three patients with COVID-19 who recovered around 10 days after symptom onset. Results: We focused on the three dominant clonotypes (top 3) in each individual. The percentage frequencies of the top 3 clonotypes increased rapidly and accounted for 27.8 % on day 9 in patient 1, 10.4 % on day 12 in patient 2, and 10.8 % on day 11 in patient 3, respectively. The frequencies of these top 3 clonotypes rapidly decreased as the patients' clinical symptoms improved. Furthermore, BCR network analysis revealed that accumulation of clusters composed of similar complementarity-determining region 3 (CDR3) sequences were rapidly formed, grew, and reached their maximum size around 10 days after symptom onset. Conclusions: BCR repertoire analysis revealed that a massive surge of some unique BCRs occurs during the acquisition of adaptive immunity and recovery. The peaks were more prominent than expected. These results provide insight into the important role of BCRs in the recovery from COVID-19 and raise the possibility of developing neutralizing antibodies as COVID-19 immunotherapy.

16.
ESC Heart Fail ; 8(5): 3557-3565, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34245132

RESUMO

AIMS: Although aging is strongly associated with both heart failure and a decline in gait speed, a definition of slowness incorporating an age-related decline has yet to be developed. We aimed to define an event-driven cut-off for the relative decline in gait speed against age-adjusted reference values derived from the general population and evaluate its prognostic implications. METHODS AND RESULTS: Standardized gait speed (SGS) was defined as the median gait speed stratified by age, sex, and height in 3777 elderly (age ≥ 65 years) individuals without a history of cardiovascular diseases (Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology-Longitudinal Interdisciplinary Study on Aging: general population cohort). The mortality event-driven optimal cut-off of the SGS ratio (actual gait speed divided by the respective SGS) was defined using FRAGILE-HF cohort data and externally validated using Kitasato cohort data, comprising 1301 and 1247 hospitalized elderly patients with heart failure, respectively. Using FRAGILE-HF data, the optimal SGS ratio cut-off was determined as 0.527. In the Kitasato cohort, SGS ratio < 0.527 was associated with a higher 1 year [hazard ratio (HR): 1.70, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.07-2.72, P = 0.024] and long-term (HR: 1.46, 95% CI: 1.05-2.02, P = 0.024) mortality rate, independent of pre-existing covariates. CONCLUSIONS: Gait speed was significantly declined in patients with heart failure, even after taking age and sex-related decline into account. A SGS ratio of 0.527 is a validated cut-off for slowness independently associated with mortality in patients with heart failure age ≥65.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Velocidade de Caminhada , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
17.
Inflamm Regen ; 41(1): 21, 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34261521

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal fibrosis is a state of accumulated biological entropy caused by a dysregulated tissue repair response. Acute or chronic inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract, including inflammatory bowel disease, particularly Crohn's disease, induces fibrosis and strictures, which often require surgical or endoscopic intervention. Recent technical advances in endoscopic surgical techniques raise the possibility of gastrointestinal stricture after an extended resection. Compared to recent progress in controlling inflammation, our understanding of the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal fibrosis is limited, which requires the development of prevention and treatment strategies. Here, we focus on gastrointestinal fibrosis in Crohn's disease and post-endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) stricture, and we review the relevant literature.

18.
Geriatr Gerontol Int ; 21(8): 676-682, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212472

RESUMO

AIM: The effect of changes in physical performance during the perioperative period on the prognosis of older patients undergoing cardiac surgery has not been studied in detail. This study aimed to investigate the effect of perioperative changes in physical performance on the prognosis of older patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: A total of 223 patients were graded as either frail or non-frail according to a cutoff score of 9 based on preoperative Short Physical Performance Battery scores. The non-frail patients were further grouped into high, recovery, or decreased score groups, depending on their score at the time of discharge compared with preoperative scores. Basic characteristics, preoperative and postoperative clinical data, 6-month post-discharge mortality, readmission rates, and vital function (Kihon Checklist scores) were compared. RESULTS: In total, 16.1% of patients were in the frail group, while 18.4%, 35.4%, and 30.1% were in the decreased, recovery, and high score groups, respectively. The Short Physical Performance Battery scores in the decreased group were significantly lower at discharge, and the rate of readmission was significantly higher (17.7%, P < 0.05). In addition, the Kihon Checklist scores were significantly lower than the preoperative scores (5.7 ± 4.0 vs 8.6 ± 5.5, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Both preoperative and postoperative physical performance must be considered when predicting the prognosis of older patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2021; 21: 676-682.


Assuntos
Assistência ao Convalescente , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Idoso , Idoso Fragilizado , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Alta do Paciente , Desempenho Físico Funcional
19.
Geriatr Gerontol Int ; 21(8): 623-628, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34101957

RESUMO

AIM: Intensive rehabilitation effectively improves physical functions in patients with acute stroke, but the frequency of intervention and its cost-effectiveness are poorly studied. This study aimed to examine the effect of early high-frequency rehabilitation intervention on inpatient outcomes and medical expenses of patients with stroke. METHODS: The study retrospectively included 1759 patients with acute stroke admitted to the Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital between 2013 and 2016. Patients with a transient ischemic attack, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and those who underwent urgent surgery were excluded. Patients were divided into two groups according to the frequency of rehabilitation intervention: the high-frequency intervention group (>2 times/day, n = 1105) and normal-frequency intervention group (<2 times/day, n = 654). A modified Rankin scale score ≤2 at discharge, immobility-related complications and medical expenses were compared between the groups. RESULTS: The high-frequency intervention group had a significantly shorter time to first rehabilitation (median [interquartile range], 19.0 h [13.1-38.4] vs. 24.7 h [16.1-49.4], P < 0.001) and time to first mobilization (23.3 h [8.7-47.2] vs. 22.8 h [5.7-62.3], P = 0.65) than the normal-frequency intervention group. Despite higher disease severity, the high-frequency intervention group exhibited favorable outcomes at discharge (modified Rankin scale, ≤2; adjusted odds ratio, 1.89; 95% confidence interval, 1.25-2.85; P = 0.002). No significant differences were observed between the two groups concerning the rate of immobility-related complications and total medical expenses during hospitalization. CONCLUSIONS: High-frequency intervention was associated with improved outcomes and decreased medical expenses in patients with stroke. Our results may contribute to reducing medical expenses by increasing the efficiency of care delivery. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2021; 21: 623-628.


Assuntos
Ataque Isquêmico Transitório , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Alta do Paciente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 11957, 2021 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34099767

RESUMO

Frailty is a common comorbidity associated with adverse events in patients with heart failure, and early recognition is key to improving its management. We hypothesized that the AST to ALT ratio (AAR) could be a marker of frailty in patients with heart failure. Data from the FRAGILE-HF study were analyzed. A total of 1327 patients aged ≥ 65 years hospitalized with heart failure were categorized into three groups based on their AAR at discharge: low AAR (AAR < 1.16, n = 434); middle AAR (1.16 ≤ AAR < 1.70, n = 487); high AAR (AAR ≥ 1.70, n = 406). The primary endpoint was one-year mortality. The association between AAR and physical function was also assessed. High AAR was associated with lower short physical performance battery and shorter 6-min walk distance, and these associations were independent of age and sex. Logistic regression analysis revealed that high AAR was an independent marker of physical frailty after adjustment for age, sex and body mass index. During follow-up, all-cause death occurred in 161 patients. After adjusting for confounding factors, high AAR was associated with all-cause death (low AAR vs. high AAR, hazard ratio: 1.57, 95% confidence interval, 1.02-2.42; P = 0.040). In conclusion, AAR is a marker of frailty and prognostic for all-cause mortality in older patients with heart failure.


Assuntos
Alanina Transaminase/metabolismo , Aspartato Aminotransferases/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Fragilidade/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/enzimologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causas de Morte , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco
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