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1.
Emergencias (Sant Vicenç dels Horts) ; 32(2): 97-104, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-ET2-4589

RESUMO

Objetivo: Analizar los episodios de pericarditis aguda (PA) diagnosticados en urgencias en función de la edad y de la afectación miocárdica (miopericarditis, MioP), y determinar los factores asociados a hospitalización. Método: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, unicéntrico de casos consecutivos, con análisis retrospectivo de todos los casos diagnosticados de PA en urgencias durante 10 años (2008-2017), y revisión de las características clínicas, ECG, analíticas y ecográficas (en MioP). Se compararon características clínicas según la edad (< 50 y $ 50 años) y existencia de MioP. Los factores asociados a hospitalización (PA y MioP) se identificaron de forma cruda y ajustada por las diferencias clínicas entre grupos. Resultados: Se diagnosticaron 983 PA (34% mujeres, mediana de edad: 42 años). Los pacientes más jóvenes referían con mayor frecuencia dolor torácico (DT) punzante y modificable con la respiración o cambios posturales, y los más mayores tenían más comorbilidades cardiovasculares, refirieron más frecuentemente DT opresivo y generaron mayor sospecha de síndrome coronario agudo. Las alteraciones en el ECG (OR = 4,26; IC95% = 1,89-9,59) se asociaron a MioP (72 casos, 7%). Ingresaron 62 PA (6%), hecho asociado a antecedente de insuficiencia renal (OR = 4,83; IC95% = 1,66-14,05), DT que se modifica con movimientos respiratorios/posturales (OR = 0,54, IC95% = 0,29-0,99), taquicardia (OR = 2,29, IC95% = 1,15-4,55) y MioP (OR = 8,73, IC95% = 4,65-16,38). Ingresaron 24 MioP (33%), hecho asociado a alteraciones en la ecoscopia dirigida (protocolo FOCUS; OR = 13,72, IC95% = 1,80-104). Conclusiones: La edad puede condicionar la presentación clínica en los pacientes con PA. Las alteraciones en el segmento ST en el ECG son sugestivos de implicación miocárdica. La insuficiencia renal, la taquicardia y la MioP son factores que incrementan la decisión de hospitalización en las PA; mientras que en las MioP, las alteraciones ecográficas


Objectives: To analyze the clinical features of acute pericarditis diagnosed in the emergency department according to patient age and myocardial involvement (myopericarditis) and to determine factors associated with hospitalization. Methods: Retrospective, descriptive, observational, single-center study of consecutive patients. We analyzed all cases of pericarditis diagnosed in the emergency department over a period of 10 years (2008-2017), reviewing clinical, electrocardiographic, and laboratory findings as well as ultrasound imaging for myocardial involvement. Characteristics were analyzed by age (under 50 years or 50 or older) and presence or not of myocardial involvement. Factors associated with hospitalization for both pericarditis and myopericarditis were identified by crude and adjusted odds ratios (ORs). Results: A total of 983 patients were diagnosed with pericarditis (34% women, mean age, 42 years). The younger patients more often reported sharp chest pain modified by breathing or posture changes. Older patients had more concurrent cardiovascular disease and described chest pain as pressure (oppressive); acute coronary syndrome was suspected more often in the older patients. The only independent predictor of myopericarditis was a finding of electrocardiographic abnormalities, recorded in 72 cases (7%) (OR, 4.26; 95% CI, 1.89-9.59). Sixty-two patients (6%) were admitted for pericarditis. Associated factors were renal insufficiency (OR, 4.83; 95% CI, 1.66-14.05), pain modified by breathing or posture changes (OR, 0.54; 95% CI, 0.29-0.99), tachycardia (OR, 2.29; 95% CI, 1.15-4.55), and myopericarditis (OR, 8.73; 95% CI, 4.65-16.38). Admission of 24 patients (33%) for myocarditis was related to focused cardiac ultrasound findings (OR, 13.72; 95% CI, 1.80-104). Conclusions: Age may affect the presentation of pericarditis. ST segment abnormalities on an electrocardiogram suggest myocardial involvement. Renal insufficiency, tachycardia, and myocardial involvement are the factors associated with a decision to admit patients with pericarditis. Ultrasound findings are associated with admission for myopericarditis

2.
Emergencias ; 32(2): 97-104, 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32125108

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the clinical features of acute pericarditis diagnosed in the emergency department according to patient age and myocardial involvement (myopericarditis) and to determine factors associated with hospitalization. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective, descriptive, observational, single-center study of consecutive patients. We analyzed all cases of pericarditis diagnosed in the emergency department over a period of 10 years (2008-2017), reviewing clinical, electrocardiographic, and laboratory findings as well as ultrasound imaging for myocardial involvement. Characteristics were analyzed by age (under 50 years or 50 or older) and presence or not of myocardial involvement. Factors associated with hospitalization for both pericarditis and myopericarditis were identified by crude and adjusted odds ratios (ORs). RESULTS: A total of 983 patients were diagnosed with pericarditis (34% women, mean age, 42 years). The younger patients more often reported sharp chest pain modified by breathing or posture changes. Older patients had more concurrent cardiovascular disease and described chest pain as pressure (oppressive); acute coronary syndrome was suspected more often in the older patients. The only independent predictor of myopericarditis was a finding of electrocardiographic abnormalities, recorded in 72 cases (7%) (OR, 4.26; 95% CI, 1.89-9.59). Sixty-two patients (6%) were admitted for pericarditis. Associated factors were renal insufficiency (OR, 4.83; 95% CI, 1.66-14.05), pain modified by breathing or posture changes (OR, 0.54; 95% CI, 0.29-0.99), tachycardia (OR, 2.29; 95% CI, 1.15- 4.55), and myopericarditis (OR, 8.73; 95% CI, 4.65-16.38). Admission of 24 patients (33%) for myocarditis was related to focused cardiac ultrasound findings (OR, 13.72; 95% CI, 1.80-104). CONCLUSION: Age may affect the presentation of pericarditis. ST segment abnormalities on an electrocardiogram suggest myocardial involvement. Renal insufficiency, tachycardia, and myocardial involvement are the factors associated with a decision to admit patients with pericarditis. Ultrasound findings are associated with admission for myopericarditis.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32096926

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic total occlusion (CTO) is common in patients with diabetes mellitus. Data on the long-term outcomes after treatment of CTOs in this high-risk population are scarce. AIM: To compare the long-term clinical outcomes of CTO revascularization either by coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) or successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) versus optimal medical treatment (MT) alone in patients with diabetes. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 538 consecutive patients with diabetes and at least one CTO were identified from 2010 to 2014 in our center. In the present analysis, patients were stratified according to the CTO treatment strategy that was selected. MT was selected in 61% of patients whereas revascularization in the remaining 39%. Patients undergoing revascularization were younger, had higher left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), lower ACEF score, and more positive myocardial ischemia detection results compared to the MT group (p < .001).Patients referred for CABG had higher rates of left main disease compared to the PCI and MT groups (32% vs. 3% and 11%, respectively; p < .001). Complete revascularization was more often achieved in the CABG group, compared to the PCI group (62% vs. 32% p < .001). Multivariable analysis showed that revascularization with CABG was associated with lower rates of all-cause and cardiac mortality rates compared to MT, [hazard ratio (HR) 0.41, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.25-0.70, p < .001 and HR 0.40, 95% CI 0.20-81, p = .011, respectively]. Successful CTO-PCI showed a trend towards benefit in all-cause mortality (HR 0.58, 95% CI 0.33-1.04, p = .06). CONCLUSION: In our registry, CTO revascularization in diabetic patients, especially with CABG, was associated with lower long-term mortality rates as compared to MT alone.

4.
Europace ; 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31821484

RESUMO

AIMS: Cryoballoon (CB) ablation has emerged as a reliable modality to isolate pulmonary veins (PVs) in atrial fibrillation. Ablation lesions and the long-term effects of energy delivery can be assessed by delayed-enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance (DE-CMR). The aim of the study was to compare the number, extension, and localization of gaps in CB and radiofrequency (RF) techniques in pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients submitted to PVI with CB in whom DE-CMR images were available (n = 30) were matched (1:1) to patients who underwent PVI with RF (n = 30), considering age, sex, hypertension, and diabetes. Delayed-enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance was obtained at 3 months post-procedure, and images were processed to assess the mean number of gaps around PV ostia, their localization, and the normalized gap length (NGL), calculated as the difference between total gap length and total PV perimeter. Patients were followed up for 12 months. The CB and RF procedures did not differ in the mean number of gaps per patient (4.40 vs. 5.13 gaps, respectively; P = 0.21) nor NGL (0.35 vs. 0.32, P = 0.59). For both techniques, a higher mean number of gaps were detected in right vs. left PVs (3.18 vs. 1.58, respectively; P = 0.01). The incidence of recurrences did not differ between techniques (odds ratio 1.87, 95% confidence interval 0.66-4.97; P = 0.29). CONCLUSION: Location and extension of ablation gaps in PVI did not differ between CB and RF groups in DE-CMR image analysis.

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