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1.
J Viral Hepat ; 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35548866

RESUMO

Improvements in the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence rate and survival have been frequently reported following virus eradication after hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related HCC cure. However, the efficacy of direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy in patients who included those with advanced HCC and decreased hepatic functional reserve is unknown. A comparative examination was retrospectively conducted of 141 patients with hepatitis C who started DAA therapy within one year after undergoing curative HCC treatment and showed a sustained viral response (SVR) and 327 patients who underwent curative treatment for HCV-related HCC and did not subsequently receive antiviral therapy. Whether DAA therapy was given was identified as an independent factor related to both HCC recurrence and survival. Both the recurrence and survival rates improved significantly with DAA therapy in Child-Pugh (CP)-A, whereas no difference in the recurrence rate was seen with DAA therapy in CP-B. However, the survival rate was significantly higher in the DAA group in this class. Similarly, dividing the patients by the Milan criteria showed significant improvements in the recurrence rate and survival with DAA therapy in patients within the Milan criteria. Patients with HCC beyond the Milan criteria showed no difference in recurrence rates, but the DAA group tended to have higher survival rates. Thus, DAA after curative therapy for HCC can be expected to improve survival in patients with advanced HCC or decreased hepatic functional reserve. HCV should be aggressively eradicated in all patients eligible for curative treatment of HCC.

2.
PLoS One ; 17(3): e0265235, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35271670

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prothrombin induced by vitamin K absence-II (PIVKA-II) was reported as a diagnosis and prognosis marker for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Although the development of systemic therapies for advanced HCC has been remarkable, the role of PIVKA-II is unclear. This prospective study aimed to verify Elecsys PIVKA-II compared with Lumipulse PIVKA-II in a cohort with advanced HCC undergoing systemic therapy. METHODS: A total of 62 HCC patients who were treated with atezolizumab and bevacizumab (ATZ+BEV) and molecular targeted agents (MTAs) were prospectively enrolled at Musashino Red Cross Hospital from January 2020 to December 2020. A total of 208 serum samples from 52 patients were tested using Elecsys PIVKA-II and Lumipulse PIVKA-II assays. Furthermore, the relationship of Elecsys PIVKA-II and progression-free survival (PFS) was investigated with 48 patients (24 ATZ+BEV and 24 MTAs) whose Lumipulse PIVKA-II levels were >40 mAU/mL. RESULTS: In the test accuracy analysis, the Elecsys assay has a correlation coefficient (R) of 0.92 compared with that of the Lumipulse assay (ATZ+BEV, 0.95; MTAs, 0.91). In the PFS analysis, the number of patients who received ATZ+BEV and MTAs as first- and late-line therapy were 9 and 13, and 15 and 11, respectively. The PIVKA-II response was defined for patients who had a reduction in the Elecsys PIVKA-II level on the first month of treatment evaluation. The PFS of patients with Elecsys PIVKA-II response was significantly longer than that of nonresponse patients (5.8 months vs 3.8 months, p = 0.0205). CONCLUSION: The Elecsys PIVKA-II was not only as useful as the Lumipulse PIVKA-II but also for stratifying the PFS of patients with advanced HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Mieloma Múltiplo , Biomarcadores , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Precursores de Proteínas , Protrombina , Vitamina K , alfa-Fetoproteínas/análise
3.
Cancer Rep (Hoboken) ; : e1613, 2022 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35302279

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Therapeutic strategies for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (u-HCC) in geriatric patients are important for real-world practice. However, there remain no established biomarkers or therapeutic strategies regarding the best second-line agent after atezolizumab plus bevacizumab therapy. AIM: In this study, we investigated the usefulness of modified Geriatric 8 (mG8) score in examining elderly patients (≥75 years old) with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (u-HCC) using sorafenib or lenvatinib as first-line therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study assessed 101 elderly patients with u-HCC for their mG8 score (excluding elements of age from 8 items) and classified them into 2 groups according to their mG8 score: ≥11 as the high-score group and ≤ 10 as the low-score group. Among those taking sorafenib, no significant differences were noted in overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) between low and high mG8 score groups. Only modified albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) grade (2b/3 vs. 1/2a: HR 0.34; 95% CI, 0.17-0.69; p = .0029) was significantly associated with OS. Among those taking lenvatinib, patients with a high mG8 score (n = 26) had longer survival than those with a low mG8 score (n = 10) (20.0 months vs. 7.7 months: HR 0.31, 95% CI 0.11-0.89; p = .029). Intrahepatic tumor volume (<50% vs. ≥50%: HR 16.7; 95% CI, 1.71-163; p = .016) and α-fetoprotein (AFP) (<400 vs. ≥400: HR 3.38; 95% CI 0.84-19.7; p = .031) remained significant factors independently associated with OS. CONCLUSIONS: The mG8 score may contribute to making a decision when considering either sorafenib or lenvatinib as a treatment option for u-HCC in elderly patients.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35123096

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: A two-step strategy combining a serum marker and magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) for detecting advanced fibrosis (stage 3-4) among patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been proposed, but its diagnostic accuracy has not been evaluated. In this multicenter study, we aimed to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of a two-step strategy including Fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) followed by MRE. METHODS: In this multicenter study, 806 patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD who underwent contemporaneous MRE were enrolled and randomly assigned to training and validation cohorts. As a first step, patients with FIB-4 <1.3 were defined as test negative regardless of MRE. As a second step, among patients with FIB-4 ≥1.3, MRE <3.6 and ≥3.6 kPa were defined as test negative and positive. The primary outcome was the diagnostic accuracy for advanced fibrosis comparing MRE alone versus the two-step strategy. RESULTS: Area under the receiver characteristic curves of MRE alone and the two-step strategy were 0.840 and 0.853 in the training cohort (P = .4) and 0.867 and 0.834 in the validation cohort (P = .2), respectively, and the diagnostic accuracy was comparable between the 2 methods. In the entire cohort, negative predictive value (NPV) and positive predictive value (PPV) of MRE for advanced fibrosis were 92.2% and 73.7%, respectively, whereas NPV at the first and second step and PPV at the second step were 90.9%, 84.4%, and 77.0%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The diagnostic accuracy of the two-step strategy was comparable to MRE and could reduce cost by reducing excessive MRE. Therefore, the two-step strategy could be used as a screening method in a large population.

7.
PLoS One ; 17(2): e0264075, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35196341

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: The long-term prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated at a very-early-stage (the Barcelona Clinical Liver Cancer (BCLC) classification stage 0) was unclear, especially in terms of background liver disease. METHODS: This single-center, retrospective study included 302 patients with BCLC stage 0 HCC treated with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and followed for at least six months. We examined the impact of background liver disease on overall survival and recurrence. RESULTS: The median age was 72 (range; 36-91) years; the median tumor diameter was 15 (range; 8-20) mm. The etiologies of background liver disease were hepatitis B virus infection (HBV) in 24 cases, hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) in 195 cases, and non-viral (NBNC) in 83 cases. Among the patients with HCV, 63 had achieved sustained virological response (SVR) by antiviral therapy (HCV SVR) before developing HCC (n = 37) or after HCC treatment (n = 26), and 132 had active HCV infection (HCV non-SVR). The median overall survival was 85 (95% CI; 72-98) months, and the median recurrence-free survival was 26 (95% CI; 20-30) months. Active infection with hepatitis C virus negatively contributed to overall survival (HR 2.91, 95% CI 1.31-3.60, p = 0.003) and recurrence-free survival (HR 1.47, 95% CI 1.06-2.05, p = 0.011). CONCLUSIONS: The prognosis of RFA treatment for very early-stage HCC was favorable. Achieving SVR in hepatitis C was important for further prognosis improvement.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Ablação por Radiofrequência
8.
JGH Open ; 6(1): 20-28, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35071784

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: The pathogenic process underlying the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is not yet clear in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) who have received direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy and achieved sustained virological response (SVR). This study validated a composite predictive model for HCC in these patients. METHODS: This study included 3058 patients in whom HCV was eradicated with DAA therapy. After DAAs recommendation for surveillance (ADRES) score, which is based on sex, FIB-4 index, and α-fetoprotein, was used as a composite predictive model for HCC development. RESULTS: The 1-, 3-, and 5-year cumulative incidence rates of HCC were 0.9, 4.5, and 15.2%, respectively. Multivariate analysis with Cox proportional hazards models showed that male sex (hazard ratio [HR], 2.646; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.790-3.911), FIB-4 index >3.25 (HR, 2.891; 95% CI, 1.947-4.293), and α-fetoprotein >5 ng/mL (HR, 2.835; 95% CI, 1.914-4.200) are independently associated with HCC development. The incidence of HCC differed significantly by ADRES score (P < 0.001). Cox proportional hazards models showed that compared to the ADRES score 0 group, the HR for HCC development was 2.947 (95% CI, 1.367-6.354) in the ADRES score 1 group, 9.171 (95% CI, 4.339-19.380) in the ADRES score 2 group, and 20.630 (95% CI, 8.641-49.230) in the ADRES score 3 group. ADRES score had superior predictive power for HCC development compared with the FIB-4 index and α-fetoprotein according to time-dependent receiver operating characteristic analysis. CONCLUSION: The ADRES score is useful for predicting HCC development after SVR.

9.
Invest New Drugs ; 40(2): 392-402, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586531

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of atezolizumab plus bevacizumab therapy in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (u-HCC) based on whether they had previously received systemic therapy, as well as the association of atezolizumab plus bevacizumab with early alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) response in real-world practice. METHODS: A total of 52 patients with u-HCC were treated with atezolizumab plus bevacizumab between October 2020 and April 2021. The Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) and modified RECIST were used to evaluate radiological responses. RESULTS: The patients received atezolizumab plus bevacizumab as 1st-line (n = 23), 2nd-line (n = 16), 3rd-line (n = 6), 4th-line (n = 3), 5th-line (n = 3), or 6th-line (n = 1) therapy. According to RECIST, the objective response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) in all patients were 15.4% and 57.7%. In the 1st-line patients, ORR and DCR based on RECIST 1.1 were 27.3% and 81.8%. The median time to progression (TTP) assessed by RECIST was significantly longer among patients receiving atezolizumab plus bevacizumab as 1st-line therapy than in patients receiving atezolizumab plus bevacizumab as later-line therapy (P < 0.001). Patients with an AFP response (reduction ≥ 20% from baseline) at 6 weeks had a significantly longer TTP assessed by RECIST than those without an AFP response (P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Patients who received atezolizumab plus bevacizumab as 1st-line therapy had better clinical outcome than those who received atezolizumab plus bevacizumab in later lines. The AFP response at 6 weeks could be a predictor of disease progression.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bevacizumab/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Humanos , Japão , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , alfa-Fetoproteínas
10.
Hepatol Commun ; 6(3): 461-472, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34676692

RESUMO

The identification of patients with advanced fibrosis who do not need any further hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) surveillance after the eradication of hepatitis C is pivotal. In this study, we developed a simple serum-based risk model that could identify patients with low-risk HCC. This was a nationwide multicenter study involving 16 Hospitals in Japan. Patients with advanced fibrosis (1,325 in a derivation cohort and 508 in a validation cohort) who achieved sustained virological responses at 24 weeks after treatment (SVR24) were enrolled. The HCC risk model at any point after SVR24 and its change were evaluated, and subsequent HCC development was analyzed. Based on the multivariable analysis, patients fulfilling all of the factors (GAF4 criteria: gamma-glutamyl transferase < 28 IU/L, alpha-fetoprotein < 4.0 ng/mL, and Fibrosis-4 Index < 4.28) were classified as low-risk and others were classified as high-risk. When patients were stratified at the SVR24, and 1 year, and 2 years after SVR24, subsequent HCC development was significantly lower in low-risk patients (0.5-1.1 per 100 person-years in the derivation cohort and 0.9-1.1 per 100 person-years in the validation cohort) than in high-risk patients at each point. HCC risk from 1 year after SVR24 decreased in patients whose risk improved from high-risk to low-risk (HCC incidence: 0.6 per 100 person-years [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.163 in the derivation cohort] and 1.3 per 100 person-years [HR = 0.239 in the validation cohort]) than in those with sustained high risk. Conclusion: The HCC risk model based on simple serum markers at any point after SVR and its change can identify patients with advanced fibrosis who are at low HCC risk, and these patients may be able to reduce HCC surveillance.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite C Crônica , Hepatite C , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Hepacivirus , Hepatite C/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
11.
Hepatol Res ; 52(1): 5-66, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34050584

RESUMO

In the 22nd Nationwide Follow-up Survey of Primary Liver Cancer in Japan, data from 21 155 newly registered patients and 43 041 previously registered follow-up patients were compiled from 538 institutions over a 2-year period from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2013. Basic statistics compiled for patients newly registered in the 22nd survey were cause of death, past medical history, clinical diagnosis, imaging diagnosis, treatment-related factors, pathologic diagnosis, recurrence status and autopsy findings. Compared with the previous 21st survey, the population of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was older at the time of clinical diagnosis, had more female patients, more patients with non-B non-C HCC, smaller tumor diameter and was more frequently treated with hepatectomy. Cumulative survival rates were calculated for HCC, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, and combined hepatocellular cholangiocarcinoma (combined HCC and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma) by treatment type and background characteristics for patients newly registered between 2002 and 2013 whose final outcome was survival or death. Median overall survival and cumulative survival rates for HCC were calculated by dividing patients by combinations of background factors (number of tumors, tumor diameter or Child-Pugh grade) and by treatment type (hepatectomy, radiofrequency ablation therapy, transcatheter arterial chemoembolization, hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy and systemic therapy). The same values were also calculated according to registration date by dividing patients newly registered between 1978 and 2013 into five time period groups. The data obtained from this nationwide follow-up survey are expected to contribute to advancing clinical research and treatment of primary liver cancer worldwide.

12.
Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 20(5): 1171-1173.e2, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34280550

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has affected more than one-fourth of the global population, thus emerging as a worldwide health and economic burden.1 The common causes of death in patients with NAFLD include cardiovascular disease (CVD), decompensation, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, identifying the risk of these complications in patients with NAFLD remains an unmet need in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia
13.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; 55(3): 292-301, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34927277

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) has the highest diagnostic accuracy for liver fibrosis; however, the association between MRE-associated liver stiffness and the development of hepatic and extrahepatic complications as well as mortality remains unclear. AIM: In this study, we investigated the longitudinal association between MRE-associated liver stiffness and complications and mortality. METHODS: This retrospective study included 2373 consecutive patients with chronic liver disease. All patients received standard of care and the development of complications was assessed every 1-6 months. RESULTS: Newly diagnosed hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), decompensation, major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), extrahepatic cancer and death were observed in 99, 117, 73, 77 and 170 patients respectively. In multivariable analysis, the adjusted hazard ratios (aHR) (95% confidence interval [CI]) for HCC, decompensation, MACE, extrahepatic cancer and mortality were 1.28 (1.2-1.4), 1.34 (1.3-1.4), 0.96 (0.9-1.1), 1.00 (0.9-1.1) and 1.17 (1.1-1.2), respectively, with each 1-kPa increase in liver stiffness. Similarly, the aHR (95% CI) for HCC, decompensation, MACE, extrahepatic cancer and mortality were 4.20 (2.2-8.2), 67.5 (9.2-492), 0.83 (0.4-1.7), 0.90 (0.5-1.7) and 2.90 (1.6-5.4), respectively, in patients with cirrhosis (>4.7 kPa) compared to those with minimal fibrosis (<3 kPa). CONCLUSIONS: Increased MRE-associated liver stiffness was associated with increased risk for HCC, decompensation and mortality in a dose-dependent fashion but not with MACE or extrahepatic cancer, implicating a significant role for MRE in liver-related events and mortality; however, further studies are warranted to explore its role in MACE and extrahepatic cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34768008

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Ultrasound-guided attenuation parameter (UGAP) is recently developed for noninvasive evaluation of steatosis. However, reports on its usefulness in clinical practice are limited. This prospective multicenter study analyzed the diagnostic accuracy of grading steatosis with reference to magnetic resonance imaging-based proton density fat fraction (MRI-PDFF), a noninvasive method with high accuracy, in a large cohort. METHODS: Altogether, 1010 patients with chronic liver disease who underwent MRI-PDFF and UGAP were recruited and prospectively enrolled from 6 Japanese liver centers. Linearity was evaluated using intraclass correlation coefficients between MRI-PDFF and UGAP values. Bias, defined as the mean difference between MRI-PDFF and UGAP values, was assessed by Bland-Altman analysis. UGAP cutoffs for pairwise MRI-PDFF-based steatosis grade were determined using area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUROC) analyses. RESULTS: UGAP values were shown to be normally distributed. However, because PDFF values were not normally distributed, they were log-transformed (MRI-logPDFF). UGAP values significantly correlated with MRI-logPDFF (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.768). Additionally, Bland-Altman analysis showed good agreement between MRI-logPDFF and UGAP with a mean bias of 0.0002% and a narrow range of agreement (95% confidence interval [CI], -0.015 to 0.015). The AUROCs for distinguishing steatosis grade ≥1 (MRI-PDFF ≥5.2%), ≥2 (MRI-PDFF ≥11.3%), and 3 (MRI-PDFF ≥17.1%) were 0.910 (95% CI, 0.891-0.928), 0.912 (95% CI, 0.894-0.929), and 0.894 (95% CI, 0.873-0.916), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: UGAP has excellent diagnostic accuracy for grading steatosis with reference to MRI-PDFF. Additionally, UGAP has good linearity and negligible bias, suggesting that UGAP has excellent technical performance characteristics that can be widely used in clinical trials and patient care. (UMIN Clinical Trials Registry, Number: UMIN000041196).

17.
JGH Open ; 5(9): 1085-1091, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34584979

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Administration of tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) as prevention or treatment of hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation is not well known. The aim of this study is to reveal the efficacy and safety of TAF against HBV reactivation. METHODS: Entecavir (ETV) and TAF were given to 66 and 11 patients, respectively, as prophylaxis against or treatment of HBV reactivation during chemotherapy or immune suppression therapy from January 2010 to June 2020. The antiviral effects and safety were assessed. RESULTS: At week 24, the antiviral effects on patients receiving ETV and TAF were similar in terms of reduction of HBV DNA (-2.83 ± 1.45log IU/mL vs -3.05 ± 2.47log IU/mL; P = 0.857) and achieving undetectable levels of HBV DNA (78.8 vs 90.9%; P = 0.681). There was no significant difference in the decrease in the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) between the two groups (-0.62 ± 11.2 mL/min/1.73 m2 vs -3.67 ± 13.2 mL/min/1.73 m2; P = 0.291). CONCLUSION: TAF is safe and effective against HBV reactivation.

18.
Dig Dis ; 2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34348262

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A retrospective study was to analyze the association of plasma renin activity (PRA) with overall survival and liver disease-related events in decompensated liver cirrhosis with ascites treated by tolvaptan. METHODS: We included 196 patients with decompensated cirrhosis treated with tolvaptan and for whom hepatic ascites had remained uncontrolled by conventional diuretics. Factors associated with prognosis and appearance of liver disease-related events were investigated, including vasopressin, sympathetic nervous system hormones (adrenaline, noradrenaline, and dopamine), and the renin-angiotensin system (PRA and aldosterone) at the beginning of tolvaptan treatment. RESULTS: Age, history of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and PRA were identified as independent factors for prognosis after tolvaptan treatment. The median survival time in patients with PRA ≥9.5 ng/mL/h at the beginning of tolvaptan treatment was significantly shorter than in patients with PRA <9.5 ng/mL/h (193 vs. 893 days, p < 0.001). PRA and a history of HCC were independent factors for the occurrence of liver disease-related events. The median event-free period in patients with PRA ≥3.2 ng/mL/h was significantly shorter than that of patients with PRA <3.2 ng/mL/h (89 vs. 222 days, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: PRA is an independent predictor of prognosis and appearance of liver disease-related events in patients with decompensated cirrhosis who have started tolvaptan treatment.

19.
J Med Virol ; 93(12): 6813-6817, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34314037

RESUMO

Vaccination for SARS-CoV-2 is necessary to overcome coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, the time-dependent vaccine-induced immune response is not well understood. This study aimed to investigate the dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 antispike immunoglobulin G (IgG) response. Medical staff participants who received two sequential doses of the BNT162b2 vaccination on days 0 and 21 were recruited prospectively from the Musashino Red Cross Hospital between March and May 2021. The quantitative antispike receptor-binding domain (RBD) IgG antibody responses were measured using the Abbott SARS-CoV-2 IgGII Quant assay (cut off ≥50 AU/ml). A total of 59 participants without past COVID-19 history were continuously tracked with serum samples. The median age was 41 (22-75) years, and 14 participants were male (23.7%). The median antispike RBD IgG and seropositivity rates were 0 (0-31.1) AU/ml, 0.3 (0-39.5) AU/ml, 529.1 (48.3-8711.4) AU/ml, 18,836.9 (742.2-57,260.4) AU/ml, and 0%, 0%, 98.3%, and 100% on days 0, 3, 14, and 28 after the first vaccination, respectively. The antispike RBD IgG levels were significantly increased after day 14 from vaccination (p < 0.001) The BNT162b2 vaccination led almost all participants to obtain serum antispike RBD IgG 14 days after the first dose.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Formação de Anticorpos/imunologia , COVID-19/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Testes Imunológicos/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Vacinação/métodos , Adulto Jovem
20.
Liver Cancer ; 10(3): 181-223, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34239808

RESUMO

The Clinical Practice Manual for Hepatocellular Carcinoma was published based on evidence confirmed by the Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guidelines for Hepatocellular Carcinoma along with consensus opinion among a Japan Society of Hepatology (JSH) expert panel on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Since the JSH Clinical Practice Guidelines are based on original articles with extremely high levels of evidence, expert opinions on HCC management in clinical practice or consensus on newly developed treatments are not included. However, the practice manual incorporates the literature based on clinical data, expert opinion, and real-world clinical practice currently conducted in Japan to facilitate its use by clinicians. Alongside each revision of the JSH Guidelines, we issued an update to the manual, with the first edition of the manual published in 2007, the second edition in 2010, the third edition in 2015, and the fourth edition in 2020, which includes the 2017 edition of the JSH Guideline. This article is an excerpt from the fourth edition of the HCC Clinical Practice Manual focusing on pathology, diagnosis, and treatment of HCC. It is designed as a practical manual different from the latest version of the JSH Clinical Practice Guidelines. This practice manual was written by an expert panel from the JSH, with emphasis on the consensus statements and recommendations for the management of HCC proposed by the JSH expert panel. In this article, we included newly developed clinical practices that are relatively common among Japanese experts in this field, although all of their statements are not associated with a high level of evidence, but these practices are likely to be incorporated into guidelines in the future. To write this article, coauthors from different institutions drafted the content and then critically reviewed each other's work. The revised content was then critically reviewed by the Board of Directors and the Planning and Public Relations Committee of JSH before publication to confirm the consensus statements and recommendations. The consensus statements and recommendations presented in this report represent measures actually being conducted at the highest-level HCC treatment centers in Japan. We hope this article provides insight into the actual situation of HCC practice in Japan, thereby affecting the global practice pattern in the management of HCC.

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