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2.
J Hematol Oncol ; 13(1): 21, 2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32183871

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a B cell malignancy that can be aggressive and with a poor prognosis; the clinical course is heterogeneous. The epidemiology of MCL in Asia is not well documented but appears to comprise 2-6% of all lymphoma cases based on available data, with variation observed between countries. Although international guidelines are available for the treatment of MCL, there is a lack of published data or guidance on the clinical characteristics and management of MCL in patient populations from Asia. This paper aims to review the available treatment and, where clinical gaps exist, provide expert consensus from the Asian Lymphoma Study Group (ALSG) on appropriate MCL management in Asia. BODY: Management strategies for MCL are patient- and disease stage-specific and aim to achieve balance between efficacy outcomes and toxicity. For asymptomatic patients with clearly indolent disease, observation may be an appropriate strategy. For stage I/II disease, following international guidelines is appropriate, which include either a short course of conventional chemotherapy followed by consolidated radiotherapy, less aggressive chemotherapy regimens, or a combination of these approaches. For advanced disease, the approach is based on the age and fitness of the patient. For young, fit patients, the current practice for induction therapy differs across Asia, with cytarabine having an important role in this setting. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) may be justified in selected patients because of the high relapse risk. In elderly patients, specific chemoimmunotherapy regimens available in each country/region are a treatment option. For maintenance therapy after first-line treatment, the choice of approach should be individualized, with cost being an important consideration within Asia. For relapsed/refractory disease, ibrutinib should be considered as well as other follow-on compounds, if available. CONCLUSION: Asian patient-specific data for the treatment of MCL are lacking, and the availability of treatment options differs between country/region within Asia. Therefore, there is no clear one-size-fits-all approach and further investigation on the most appropriate sequence of treatment that should be considered for this heterogeneous disease.

4.
Int J Hematol ; 111(3): 409-416, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31858429

RESUMO

Patients with indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma (iNHL) typically respond to first-line immunochemotherapy, but relapse is common. Treatment options for relapsed iNHL include chemotherapy ± rituximab and rituximab monotherapy. Lenalidomide plus rituximab (R2) is an immunomodulatory regimen that enhances rituximab-mediated cytotoxicity and improves clinical activity in iNHL. AUGMENT was a double-blind phase III randomized trial of R2 vs. rituximab + placebo (R-placebo) in patients with relapsed/refractory follicular lymphoma or marginal zone lymphoma who were not refractory to rituximab. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Data reported here focus on Japanese patients from AUGMENT and reflect 36 patients (n = 18, each group). PFS was superior in the R2 group, HR = 0.32 (95% CI 0.11-0.96). Median PFS was not reached (95% CI 19.7-NE) in the R2 group vs. 16.5 months (95% CI 11.3-30.6) in the R-placebo group. Grade 3/4 adverse events were more frequent in patients treated with R2 (67%) than with R-placebo (22%), primarily attributable to increased neutropenia (50% vs 17%). R2 resulted in significantly longer median PFS than R-placebo in Japanese patients with R/R iNHL, and the efficacy and the safety profile of R2 were similar to those reported in the global population.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802636

RESUMO

AIMS: The Lugano classification is a novel staging system for lymphomas established in 2014. In this staging system, 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) was formally incorporated into standard staging for FDG-avid lymphomas, including Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). We retrospectively analyzed patients with HL who were newly diagnosed and treated at our institution to evaluate the utility of the Lugano classification compared to the Ann Arbor classification in Japanese patients with this type of lymphoma. METHODS: Patients newly diagnosed with HL between 2005 and 2011 were identified through our departmental database. Data from neck-chest-abdomen-pelvis CT scans, BM examinations, and FDG-PET/CT that were routinely performed for staging at our clinical practice were retrieved and analyzed. RESULTS: Fifty-four patients with a median age of 35.5 years (range: 15-78 years) were investigated in this retrospective study. The Lugano stage matched the Ann Arbor stage in 46 patients (85%). Six patients (11%) were upstaged while two (4%) were downstaged per the Lugano classification. Four patients (7%) were converted from early stage to advanced stage, but none was converted in the reverse. Among 11 patients (20%) with PET-positive bone/bone marrow lesions, only one (2%) exhibited biopsy-proven bone marrow involvement of HL cells. CONCLUSION: Our data revealed a high concordance rate between the Lugano and Ann Arbor staging system in Japanese patients with HL. Because of its low diagnostic value, routine bone marrow examination might be unnecessary for staging when FDG-PET/CT is used as a substitute.

6.
Haematologica ; 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31649127

RESUMO

CD5-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (CD5+ DLBCL) is characterized by poor prognosis and a high frequency of central nervous system relapse after standard immunochemotherapy. We conducted a phase 2 study to investigate the efficacy and safety of dose-adjusted (DA)- EPOCH-R (etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and rituximab) combined with high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) in newly diagnosed patients with CD5+ DLBCL. Previously untreated patients with stage II to IV CD5+ DLBCL according to the 2008 WHO classification were eligible. Four cycles of DA-EPOCH-R followed by 2 cycles of HD-MTX and 4 additional cycles of DA-EPOCH-R (DA-EPOCH-R/HD-MTX) were planned as the protocol treatment. The primary endpoint was 2-year progression-free survival. Between September 25, 2012 and November 11, 2015, we enrolled 47 evaluable patients. Forty-five (96%) patients completed the protocol treatment. There were no deviations or violations in the DA-EPOCH-R dose levels. The complete response rate was 91%, and the overall response rate was 94%. At a median follow-up of 3.1 years (range, 2.0-4.9), the 2-year progression-free survival was 79% (95% confidence interval, 64-88). The 2-year overall survival was 89% (95% confidence interval, 76-95). Toxicity included grade 4 neutropenia in 46 (98%) patients, grade 4 thrombocytopenia 12 (26%) patients, and febrile neutropenia in 31 (66%) patients. No treatment-related death was noted during the study. DA-EPOCH-R/HD-MTX might be a first-line therapy option for stage II-IV CD5+ DLBCL and warrants further investigation. UMIN-CTR: UMIN000008507.

7.
Eur J Haematol ; 103(6): 578-587, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487403

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: CD204+ tumor-associated macrophages are associated with adverse outcomes of various malignancies. We performed a study to elucidate the role of CD204+ macrophages in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allogeneic HCT). METHODS: In a total of 81 patients who received allogeneic HCT for non-remission malignant lymphoma, immunohistochemical staining of CD204 using specimens preserved before allogeneic HCT was performed. According to the average number of CD204+ macrophages in a high-power field, patients were categorized into three groups: low (<25th percentile), intermediate (≥25th percentile and <50th percentile), and high (≥50th percentile). RESULTS: The B-cell lymphoma proportion was higher in the low group, while T-cell lymphoma and adult T-cell leukemia proportions were higher in the high group. The 3-year overall survival (OS) was poorest in the high group; low vs intermediate vs high = 83.3% vs 43.7% vs 20.2% (P < .01). The 3-year cumulative incidences of relapse were significantly higher in the high group than the intermediate and low groups: 67.0% vs 38.1% vs 18.2% (P < .01). In multivariate analyses, the numbers of CD204+ macrophages were independent risk factors of poorer OS and cumulative incidences of relapse. CONCLUSIONS: CD204+ macrophages might be associated with poorer prognosis in allogeneic HCT for malignant lymphomas.

8.
Cancer Sci ; 110(9): 2924-2932, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31336012

RESUMO

This multicenter, open-label phase 1/2 study evaluated single-agent carfilzomib in 50 heavily pretreated Japanese patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (median of five prior treatments). In phase 1, patients were dosed at three levels: 15, 20, or 20/27 mg/m2 . Maximum tolerated dosage was not reached at the tolerability evaluation. Patients in phase 2 were treated with 20/27 mg/m2 carfilzomib. Median duration of exposure to carfilzomib in the 20/27 mg/m2 group at this final analysis was 4.7 months (range: 0.3-39.4). Overall response rate in the 20/27 mg/m2 group, primary endpoint of the study, was 22.5% (n = 9) (95% confidence interval, 12.3-37.5) with 2.5% (n = 1) stringent complete response. Median progression-free survival and overall survival in the 20/27 mg/m2 group were 5.1 months (95% CI, 2.8-13.6) and 22.9 months (95% CI, 14.1-not estimable), respectively. Frequently occurring grade ≥3 adverse events in the 20/27 mg/m2 group included lymphopenia (72.5%), neutropenia (40.0%), and leukopenia (32.5%). Giving long-term carfilzomib monotherapy led to long-term overall survival for heavily pretreated multiple myeloma patients with a favorable safety profile. Carfilzomib monotherapy can be a good option for heavily pretreated multiple myeloma patients.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Oligopeptídeos/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Esquema de Medicação , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Leucopenia/induzido quimicamente , Leucopenia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Dose Máxima Tolerável , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/mortalidade , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neutropenia/induzido quimicamente , Neutropenia/epidemiologia , Oligopeptídeos/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Análise de Sobrevida
9.
Pathol Int ; 69(7): 392-397, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31328350

RESUMO

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is associated with pathogenesis of various cancers, including extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKL). ENKL tumor cells are positive for EBV-encoded RNA1 (EBER1), which is the most useful marker to identify ENKL tumor cells in histopathology. Currently, EBER1 in situ hybridization (ISH) is recommended to evaluate bone marrow (BM) involvement of ENKL. However, the actual burden of EBER1-positive cells in normal BM specimens remains unclear. In the present study, we performed EBER1 ISH on 111 BM specimens, which were obtained during an initial staging procedure in patients with EBV-negative cancers and were also negative for BM involvement. One or more EBER1-positive cells per whole specimen were observed in 38 specimens (34%). The number of EBER1-positive cells was distributed as follows: single positive cell, n = 17; two positive cells, n = 13; three positive cells, n = 3; and four positive cells, n = 5. These findings suggest that four or fewer EBER1-positive cells can be observed in BM specimens of patients with non-EBV-related cancers. The clinical implications of a small number of EBER1-positive cells in BM specimens of patients with ENKL should be evaluated in further studies.


Assuntos
Medula Óssea/virologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/virologia , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , RNA Bacteriano/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma/patologia , Linfoma/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , RNA Viral , Sarcoma/patologia , Sarcoma/virologia , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/patologia , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/virologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
Int J Hematol ; 110(3): 340-346, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31187439

RESUMO

We analyzed the clinicopathologic characteristics of 136 intestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs) among 126 patients. The DLBCL sites were categorized as: duodenum (n = 23), ileocecal region (n = 63), other small intestine (n = 29), rectum (n = 7), and other large intestine (n = 14). Patients with DLBCLs of the ileocecal region or other small intestine frequently underwent surgery for ileus or perforations (P < 0.001), were predominantly male (P = 0.042), and had a higher incidence of limited-stage disease (P = 0.001), lower International Prognostic Index (P = 0.015), and lower incidence of lactate dehydrogenase elevation (P = 0.007) than those with DLBCLs of other regions. Half of the intestinal DLBCLs exhibited the germinal center B-cell phenotype. A low-grade B-cell lymphoma background was found in 21% of the cases; the prevalence was significantly lower in the ileocecal region (13%, P = 0.025), suggesting a higher incidence of de novo DLBCLs. Intestinal follicular lymphoma (FL) and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma backgrounds were observed in 10% and 0% of the cases, respectively. Five percent (5/107) of intestinal DLBCL cases were Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA-1 positive. The clinicopathologic characteristics of the DLBCLs differed by region. Histologic transformation of intestinal FL was observed in around 10% of the intestinal DLBCL cases.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Intestinais , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Intestinais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Intestinais/patologia , Intestinos/patologia , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/metabolismo , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/patologia , Linfoma Folicular/metabolismo , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
J Infect Dis ; 220(8): 1307-1311, 2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31240305

RESUMO

To evaluate diagnostic values for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA loads in different blood components of patients with EBV-positive T-cell/natural killer cell lymphoproliferative diseases, EBV DNA loads were compared among disease categories in each blood component from 59 patients. Plasma viral loads were significantly higher in "active" disease in chronic active EBV infection. EBV DNA was not detected in the plasma from 7 patients in whom EBV DNA was detected in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and whole blood. Diagnostic cutoff values for whole blood EBV DNA loads of patients with chronic active EBV infection compared with those of infectious mononucleosis was 104.2 (15 800) IU/mL.

14.
Ann Hematol ; 98(10): 2463-2465, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31240468
15.
Rinsho Ketsueki ; 60(3): 236-237, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31068527
16.
Microbiol Resour Announc ; 8(14)2019 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30948470

RESUMO

A nonidentifiable mycolicibacterium was isolated from a malignant lymphoma patient treated with intensive chemoimmunotherapy. Multilocus sequence analysis showed that this isolate was close to "Mycolicibacterium (Mycobacterium) ratisbonense," but the details of this species were still unknown. Here, we report the draft genome sequence data of Mycolicibacterium sp. strain NCC-Tsukiji.

18.
J Clin Oncol ; 37(14): 1188-1199, 2019 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30897038

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Patients with indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma typically respond well to first-line immunochemotherapy. At relapse, single-agent rituximab is commonly administered. Data suggest the immunomodulatory agent lenalidomide could increase the activity of rituximab. METHODS: A phase III, multicenter, randomized trial of lenalidomide plus rituximab versus placebo plus rituximab was conducted in patients with relapsed and/or refractory follicular or marginal zone lymphoma. Patients received lenalidomide or placebo for 12 cycles plus rituximab once per week for 4 weeks in cycle 1 and day 1 of cycles 2 through 5. The primary end point was progression-free survival per independent radiology review. RESULTS: A total of 358 patients were randomly assigned to lenalidomide plus rituximab (n = 178) or placebo plus rituximab (n = 180). Infections (63% v 49%), neutropenia (58% v 23%), and cutaneous reactions (32% v 12%) were more common with lenalidomide plus rituximab. Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia (50% v 13%) and leukopenia (7% v 2%) were higher with lenalidomide plus rituximab; no other grade 3 or 4 adverse event differed by 5% or more between groups. Progression-free survival was significantly improved for lenalidomide plus rituximab versus placebo plus rituximab, with a hazard ratio of 0.46 (95% CI, 0.34 to 0.62; P < .001) and median duration of 39.4 months (95% CI, 22.9 months to not reached) versus 14.1 months (95% CI, 11.4 to 16.7 months), respectively. CONCLUSION: Lenalidomide improved efficacy of rituximab in patients with recurrent indolent lymphoma, with an acceptable safety profile.

19.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(5): 899-905, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30664936

RESUMO

High-dose chemotherapy (HDT) with autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) has been shown to improve the prognosis of patients with central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma. We queried the Japan Society for Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Registry for 2006 to 2015 to analyze the outcomes of 102 patients with primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) who underwent first HDT/ASCT. The median patient age was 54 years (range, 20 to 74 years), and 65 patients were treated in an upfront setting. With a median duration of follow-up of 44 months, the 5-year overall survival (OS) and progession-free survival (PFS) were 54.9% and 38.4%, respectively. There were no significant differences in OS and PFS between upfront and salvage HDT/ASCT. Because thiotepa, a key agent in HDT/ASCT for PCNSL, has been unavailable since 2011 in Japan, the HDT regimens used were not uniform. Thiotepa-containing HDT was received by 16 out of 32 patients before 2010, but by only 2 of 70 patients after 2011. Thiotepa-containing HDT was associated with better PFS (P = .019), lower relapse (P = .042), and a trend toward a survival benefit. In multivariate analysis, noncomplete remission at HDT/ASCT was an independent predictor for OS (hazard ratio [HR], 2.40; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.25 to 4.58; P = .008) and thiotepa-containing HDT remained significant for PFS (HR, .42; 95% CI, .19 to .95; P = .038). These results confirm the activity of thiotepa-containing regimens.

20.
Leukemia ; 33(7): 1687-1699, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30683910

RESUMO

Viral infection induces potent cellular immunity and activated intracellular signaling, which may dictate the driver events involved in immune escape and clonal selection of virus-associated cancers, including Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive lymphomas. Here, we thoroughly interrogated PD-L1/PD-L2-involving somatic aberrations in 384 samples from various lymphoma subtypes using high-throughput sequencing, particularly focusing on virus-associated lymphomas. A high frequency of PD-L1/PD-L2-involving genetic aberrations was observed in EBV-positive lymphomas [33 (22%) of 148 cases], including extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL, 23%), aggressive NK-cell leukemia (57%), systemic EBV-positive T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder (17%) as well as EBV-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL, 19%) and peripheral T-cell lymphoma-not otherwise specified (15%). Predominantly causing a truncation of the 3'-untranslated region, these alterations represented the most prevalent somatic lesions in ENKTL. By contrast, the frequency was much lower in EBV-negative lymphomas regardless of histology type [12 (5%) of 236 cases]. Besides PD-L1/PD-L2 alterations, EBV-positive DLBCL exhibited a genetic profile distinct from EBV-negative one, characterized by frequent TET2 and DNMT3A mutations and the paucity of CD79B, MYD88, CDKN2A, and FAS alterations. Our findings illustrate unique genetic features of EBV-associated lymphomas, also suggesting a potential role of detecting PD-L1/PD-L2-involving lesions for these lymphomas to be effectively targeted by immune checkpoint blockade.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Variação Genética , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/genética , Proteína 2 Ligante de Morte Celular Programada 1/genética , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/virologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Herpesvirus Humano 4/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Ligantes , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/imunologia , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/virologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/imunologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/virologia , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/imunologia , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/virologia
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