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1.
Viruses ; 13(9)2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34578397

RESUMO

Central and peripheral hormone deficiencies have been documented during and after acute hantavirus infection. Thrombocytopenia and coagulation abnormalities are common findings in haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS). The associations between coagulation and hormonal abnormalities in HFRS have not been studied yet. Forty-two patients diagnosed with Puumala virus (PUUV) infection were examined during the acute phase and on a follow-up visit approximately one month later. Hormonal defects were common during acute PUUV infection. Overt (clinical) hypogonadism was identified in 80% of the men and approximately 20% of the patients had overt hypothyroidism. At the one-month follow-up visit, six patients had central hormone deficits. Acute peripheral hormone deficits associated with a more severe acute kidney injury (AKI), longer hospital stay and more severe thrombocytopenia. Half of the patients with bleeding symptoms had also peripheral hormonal deficiencies. Patients with free thyroxine levels below the reference range had higher D-dimer level than patients with normal thyroid function, but no thromboembolic events occurred. Acute phase hormonal abnormalities associate with severe disease and altered haemostasis in PUUV infection.

2.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 185(4): 577-586, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374651

RESUMO

Objective: Insulinomas are rare functional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours. As previous data on the long-term prognosis of insulinoma patients are scarce, we studied the morbidity and mortality in the Finnish insulinoma cohort. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Methods: Incidence of endocrine, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and psychiatric disorders, and cancers was compared in all the patients diagnosed with an insulinoma in Finland during 1980-2010 (n = 79, including two patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 syndrome), vs 316 matched controls, using the Mantel-Haenszel method. Overall survival was analysed with Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses. Results: The median length of follow-up was 10.7 years for the patients and 12.2 years for the controls. The long-term incidence of atrial fibrillation (rate ratio (RR): 2.07 (95% CI: 1.02-4.22)), intestinal obstruction (18.65 (2.09-166.86)), and possibly breast (4.46 (1.29-15.39) and kidney cancers (RR not applicable) was increased among insulinoma patients vs controls, P < 0.05 for all comparisons. Endocrine disorders and pancreatic diseases were more frequent in the patients during the first year after insulinoma diagnosis, but not later on. The survival of patients with a non-metastatic insulinoma (n = 70) was similar to that of controls, but for patients with distant metastases (n = 9), the survival was significantly impaired (median 3.4 years). Conclusions: The long-term prognosis of patients with a non-metastatic insulinoma is similar to the general population, except for an increased incidence of atrial fibrillation, intestinal obstruction, and possibly breast and kidney cancers. These results need to be confirmed in future studies. Metastatic insulinomas entail a markedly decreased survival.


Assuntos
Insulinoma/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Finlândia/epidemiologia , Seguimentos , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Incidência , Insulinoma/complicações , Insulinoma/diagnóstico , Insulinoma/mortalidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morbidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/complicações , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo
3.
Nurse Educ Pract ; 53: 103023, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33894489

RESUMO

Interprofessional education can promote healthcare professionals' competence to work in interprofessional collaboration, which is essential for the quality and safety of care. An interprofessional approach is particularly important in complex, chronic diseases like diabetes. This qualitative study evaluated changes in medical and nursing students' perceptions of interprofessional collaboration, induced by a novel interprofessional education course on diabetes care with practical elements. Data from focus-group interviews of 30 students before and after the course were analyzed by using inductive and deductive content analysis. The students' perceptions were illustrated as Elements of Collaborative Care (e.g. Quality of professional care relationship) and Elements of Interprofessional Collaboration (e.g. Importance of communication and Valuation of collaboration). The post-course interviews added one subcategory (Need of resources) to the pre-course perceptions, and there was improvement in ten areas of self-perceived competence in performing or understanding interprofessional collaboration on diabetes care. The course improved the students' self-perceived competence and confidence in interprofessional collaboration on the care of patients with diabetes, and their understanding of interprofessional collaboration changed towards a more patient-centred and holistic perspective. The findings support further implementation of IPE with practical elements in future health professionals' education.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Comportamento Cooperativo , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Humanos , Relações Interprofissionais , Percepção
4.
Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) ; 94(2): 250-257, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32974918

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Insulinomas are rare pancreatic neoplasms, which can usually be cured by surgery. As the diagnostic delay is often long and the prolonged hyperinsulinemia may have long-term effects on health and the quality of life, we studied the long-term health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in insulinoma patients. DESIGN, PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS: The HRQoL of adults diagnosed with an insulinoma in Finland in 1980-2010 was studied with the 15D instrument, and the results were compared to those of an age- and gender-matched sample of the general population. The minimum clinically important difference in the total 15D score has been defined as ±0.015. The clinical characteristics, details of insulinoma diagnosis and treatment, and the current health status of the subjects were examined to specify the possible determinants of long-term HRQoL. RESULTS: Thirty-eight insulinoma patients participated in the HRQoL survey (response rate 75%). All had undergone surgery with a curative aim, a median of 13 (min 7, max 34) years before the survey. The insulinoma patients had a clinically importantly and statistically significantly better mean 15D score compared with the controls (0.930 ± 0.072 vs 0.903 ± 0.039, P = .046) and were significantly better off regarding mobility, usual activities and eating. Among the insulinoma patients, younger age at the time of survey, higher level of education and smaller number of chronic diseases were associated with better overall HRQoL. CONCLUSIONS: In the long term, the overall HRQoL of insulinoma patients is slightly better than that of the general population.

5.
Viruses ; 11(9)2019 08 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438470

RESUMO

Most cases of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) in Europe are caused by the Puumala hantavirus (PUUV). Typical features of the disease are increased vascular permeability, acute kidney injury (AKI), and thrombocytopenia. YKL-40 is an inflammatory glycoprotein involved in various forms of acute and chronic inflammation. In the present study, we examined plasma YKL-40 levels and the associations of YKL-40 with disease severity in acute PUUV infection. A total of 79 patients treated in Tampere University Hospital during 2005-2014 were studied. Plasma YKL-40 was measured in the acute phase, the recovery phase, and one year after hospitalization. Plasma YKL-40 levels were higher during the acute phase compared to the recovery phase and one year after hospitalization (median YKL-40 142 ng/mL, range 11-3320, vs. 45 ng/mL, range 15-529, vs. 32 ng/mL, range 3-213, p < 0.001). YKL-40 level was correlated with the length of hospital stay (r = 0.229, p = 0.042), the levels of inflammatory markers-that is, blood leukocytes (r = 0.234, p = 0.040), plasma C-reactive protein (r = 0.332, p = 0.003), and interleukin-6 (r = 0.544, p < 0.001), and maximum plasma creatinine level (r = 0.370, p = 0.001). In conclusion, plasma YKL-40 levels were found to be elevated during acute PUUV infection and correlated with the overall severity of the disease, as well as with the degree of inflammation and the severity of AKI.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína 1 Semelhante à Quitinase-3 , Febre Hemorrágica com Síndrome Renal , Virus Puumala/patogenicidade , Injúria Renal Aguda/patologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/virologia , Adulto , Idoso , Autoantígenos/análise , Autoantígenos/sangue , Proteína 1 Semelhante à Quitinase-3/análise , Proteína 1 Semelhante à Quitinase-3/sangue , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Febre Hemorrágica com Síndrome Renal/patologia , Febre Hemorrágica com Síndrome Renal/virologia , Humanos , Inflamação/virologia , Interleucina-6/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
6.
PLoS One ; 13(12): e0208017, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30517161

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Puumala hantavirus (PUUV) infected patients typically suffer from acute kidney injury (AKI). Adipokines have inflammation modulating functions in acute diseases including AKI. We examined plasma levels of three adipokines (resistin, leptin, and adiponectin) in acute PUUV infection and their associations with disease severity. METHODS: This study included 79 patients hospitalized due to acute PUUV infection. Plasma resistin, leptin, adiponectin, as well as IL-6 and CRP, were measured at the acute phase, recovery phase and one year after hospitalization. RESULTS: Plasma resistin levels were significantly higher in the acute phase compared to the recovery phase and one year after (median resistin 28 pg/mL (11-107) vs. 17 pg/mL (7-36) vs. 14 pg/mL (7-31), p<0.001). Maximum resistin concentration correlated with maximum plasma creatinine levels (r = 0.63; p<0.001). The higher the amount of albuminuria in the urine dipstick test (0-1+, 2+ or 3+) at admission, the higher the median of maximum resistin (24.7 pg/mL, 25.4 pg/mL and 39.6 pg/mL, respectively, p = 0.002). High resistin was also an independent risk factor for severe AKI (creatinine ≥353.6µmol/L) (OR 1.08, 95% CI 1.02-1.14). Neither plasma leptin nor adiponectin level had any correlation with creatinine concentration or the amount of albuminuria. CONCLUSIONS: Plasma resistin independently associates with the severity of AKI in acute PUUV infection. The association of resistin with the amount of albuminuria suggests that the level of plasma resistin is not only influenced by renal clearance but could have some role in the pathogenesis of AKI during PUUV infection.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Albuminúria/diagnóstico , Febre Hemorrágica com Síndrome Renal/diagnóstico , Virus Puumala/patogenicidade , Resistina/sangue , Doença Aguda , Injúria Renal Aguda/sangue , Injúria Renal Aguda/patologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/virologia , Adiponectina/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Albuminúria/sangue , Albuminúria/patologia , Albuminúria/virologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Estudos de Coortes , Convalescença , Feminino , Febre Hemorrágica com Síndrome Renal/sangue , Febre Hemorrágica com Síndrome Renal/patologia , Febre Hemorrágica com Síndrome Renal/virologia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Leptina/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Virus Puumala/fisiologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
7.
Int J Endocrinol ; 2018: 2059481, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30425741

RESUMO

Objective: Insulinomas are rare pancreatic tumours. Population-based data on their incidence, clinical picture, diagnosis, and treatment are almost nonexistent. The aim of this study was to clarify these aspects in a nationwide cohort of insulinoma patients diagnosed during three decades. Design and Methods: Retrospective analysis on all adult patients diagnosed with insulinoma in Finland during 1980-2010. Results: Seventy-nine patients were diagnosed with insulinoma over the research period. The median follow-up from diagnosis to last control visit was one (min 0, max 31) year. The incidence increased from 0.5/million/year in the 1980s to 0.9/million/year in the 2000s (p = 0.002). The median diagnostic delay was 13 months and did not change over the study period. The mean age at diagnosis was 52 (SD 16) years. The overall imaging sensitivity improved from 39% in the 1980s to 98% in the 2000s (p < 0.001). Seventy-one (90%) of the patients underwent surgery with a curative aim, two (3%) had palliative surgery, and 6 (8%) were inoperable. There were no significant differences in the types of surgical procedures between the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s; tumour enucleations comprised 43% of the operations, distal pancreatic resections 45%, and pancreaticoduodenectomies 12%, over the whole study period. Of the patients who underwent surgery with a curative aim, 89% had a full recovery. Postoperative complications occurred in half of the patients, but postoperative mortality was rare. Conclusions: The incidence of insulinomas has increased during the past three decades. Despite the improved diagnostic options, diagnostic delay has remained unchanged. To shorten the delay, clinicians should be informed and alert to consider the possibility of hypoglycemia and insulinoma, when symptomatic attacks are investigated in different sectors of the healthcare system. Developing the surgical treatment is another major target, in order to lower the overall complication rate, without compromising the high cure rate of insulinomas.

8.
J Interprof Care ; 32(6): 706-718, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30040507

RESUMO

Interprofessional education (IPE) aims at enhancing the ability of healthcare professionals from different disciplines to work together effectively, improving the quality of patient care. An interprofessional approach is essential in diabetes management, but there is only limited evidence of the effects of diabetes-specific IPE. The aim of this integrative review is to gather all relevant recent data on the outcomes of IPE on diabetes management. The search in the CINAHL, Medline and PsycINFO databases resulted in 1136 potential studies. An inductive content analysis was used to synthesize the key findings of the 14 studies found to fulfill the inclusion criteria of the systematic review. Two main categories and four subcategories of findings were identified. Firstly, the achieved outcomes included individual gain (e.g., learner´s confidence and motivation to treat patients with diabetes) and external benefits (e.g., benefits for the patient). Secondly, the experiences of IPE included both challenges (e.g., competing interests of different professions) and strengths (e.g., practical approach to diabetes management). In conclusion, the findings indicate that both learners and patients with diabetes benefit from IPE on diabetes management. Educators are encouraged to adopt practical IP approaches in diabetes education. However, it is necessary to estimate the resources available. More research is needed on the cost-effectiveness, long-term effects, and patient perspective of IPE on diabetes management.

9.
Thyroid ; 28(9): 1111-1120, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29882483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyperthyroid patients remain at an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) after restoring euthyroidism. The impact of the different treatment modalities of hyperthyroidism on future CVD risk remains unclear. The aims of this study were to assess cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hyperthyroidism before and after treatment, and to compare the effects of two different treatment modalities: radioactive iodine (RAI) and thyroid surgery. METHODS: A comparative cohort study was conducted among 6148 hyperthyroid patients treated with either RAI or thyroidectomy and 18,432 age- and sex-matched controls. First, hospitalizations due to CVDs prior to the treatment were analyzed. Second, the hazard ratios (HR) for any new hospitalization and mortality due to CVDs after treatment were estimated among all the hyperthyroid patients compared to the age- and sex-matched controls and also in the RAI-treated patients compared to the thyroidectomy-treated patients. The results were adjusted for prevalent CVDs at the time of treatment. RESULTS: Before treatment for hyperthyroidism, hospitalizations due to all CVDs were more common in the hyperthyroid patients compared to the controls (odds ratio = 1.61 [confidence interval (CI) 1.49-1.73]). During the post-treatment follow-up, hospitalizations due to CVDs remained more frequent among the patients (HR = 1.15 [CI 1.09-1.21]), but there was no difference in CVD mortality (HR = 0.93 [CI 0.84-1.03]). Compared to the patients treated with thyroidectomy, the RAI-treated patients had a higher risk of hospitalization due to all CVDs (HR = 1.17), atrial fibrillation (HR = 1.28), as well as a higher CVD mortality rate (HR = 2.56). Yet, treatment with RAI resulting in hypothyroidism was not associated with increased CVD morbidity compared to thyroidectomy. CONCLUSIONS: Hyperthyroidism increases the risk of CVD-related hospitalization, and the risk is sustained for up to two decades after treatment with RAI or surgery. Hyperthyroid patients treated with RAI remain at a higher CVD risk compared to patients treated with thyroidectomy. Hypothyroidism during follow-up, however, predicts better cardiovascular outcomes.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Hipertireoidismo/terapia , Radioisótopos do Iodo/uso terapêutico , Tireoidectomia , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Finlândia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipertireoidismo/complicações , Hipertireoidismo/radioterapia , Hipertireoidismo/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
10.
Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) ; 88(2): 303-310, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29154445

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Thyroid hormone suppression therapy has been widely used in the treatment of thyroid cancer, but concerns have been raised about the cardiovascular risks of this treatment. The objective of this study was to evaluate long-term cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients treated for differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) and to assess the effect of TSH suppression and radioiodine (RAI) treatment on the cardiovascular outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS: Patients (n = 901) treated for DTC between 1981 and 2002 at 2 Finnish University hospitals were compared with a randomly chosen reference group (n = 4485) matched for age, gender and the place of residence. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses were used to estimate the risk of morbidity or death due to different cardiovascular diseases (CVD) after the diagnosis of DTC. RESULTS: Morbidity due to any CVD (hazard ratio [HR] 1.16, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.05-1.28) and due to all arrhythmias (HR 1.25, CI 1.06-1.48) and atrial fibrillation (AF) (HR 1.29, CI 1.06-1.57) was more frequent in the DTC patients than in the controls. The increased cardiovascular morbidity was confined to patients with a mean TSH level below 0.1 mU/L (HR 1.27, CI 1.03-1.58) and to those treated with RAI (HR 1.18, CI 1.05-1.31). Cardiovascular mortality, however, was lower among the patients than the controls (HR 0.73, CI 0.58-0.92), due to a lower mortality from coronary artery disease. CONCLUSIONS: Differentiated thyroid cancer patients have an increased CVD morbidity, which is mostly accountable to AF and to TSH suppression below 0.1 mU/L.


Assuntos
Radioisótopos do Iodo/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/terapia , Tireotropina/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hormônios Tireóideos/sangue , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/sangue , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/mortalidade
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27857837

RESUMO

Puumala hantavirus (PUUV) infection causes nephropathia epidemica (NE), a relatively mild form of haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS). Hypophyseal haemorrhage and hypopituitarism have been described in case reports on patients with acute NE. Chronic hypopituitarism diagnosed months or years after the acute illness has also been reported, without any signs of a haemorrhagic aetiology. The mechanisms leading to the late-onset hormonal defects remain unknown. Here, we present a case of NE-associated autoimmune polyendocrinopathy and hypopituitarism presumably due to autoimmune hypophysitis. Thyroid peroxidase antibody seroconversion occurred between 6 and 12 months, and ovarian as well as glutamate decarboxylase antibodies were found 18 months after acute NE. Brain MRI revealed an atrophic adenohypophysis with a heterogeneous, low signal intensity compatible with a sequela of hypophysitis. The patient developed central (or mixed central and peripheral) hypothyroidism, hypogonadism and diabetes insipidus, all requiring hormonal replacement therapy. This case report suggests that late-onset hormonal defects after PUUV infection may develop by an autoimmune mechanism. This hypothesis needs to be confirmed by prospective studies with sufficient numbers of patients. LEARNING POINTS: Pituitary haemorrhage resulting in hypopituitarism has been reported during acute HFRS caused by PUUV and other hantaviruses.Central and peripheral hormone deficiencies developing months or years after HFRS have also been found, with an incidence higher than that in the general population. The pathogenesis of these late-onset hormonal defects remains unknown.This case report suggests that the late-onset hypopituitarism and peripheral endocrine defects after HFRS could evolve via autoimmune mechanisms.The sensitivity of current anti-pituitary antibody (APA) tests is low. A characteristic clinical course, together with typical brain MRI and endocrine findings may be sufficient for a non-invasive diagnosis of autoimmune hypophysitis, despite negative APAs.

12.
Endocr Relat Cancer ; 23(6): 469-80, 2016 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27185871

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: It is unclear whether mortality still is increased in acromegaly and whether there are gender-related differences. We dynamically assessed outcome during long-term follow-up in our nationwide cohort. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) relative to the general population and causes of death in acromegaly (n=333) compared with age- and gender-matched controls (n=4995). RESULTS: During 20 (0-33) years follow-up, 113 (34%) patients (n=333, 52% women) and 1334 (27%) controls (n=4995) died (P=0.004). SMR (1.9, 95% CI: 1.53-2.34, P<0.001) and all-cause mortality (OR 1.6, 95% CI: 1.2-2.2, P<0.001) were increased in acromegaly. Overall distribution of causes of death (P<0.001) differed between patients and controls but not cardiovascular (34% vs 33%) or cancer deaths (27% vs 27%). In acromegaly, but not in controls, causes of deaths shifted from 44% cardiovascular and 28% cancer deaths during the first decade, to 23% cardiovascular and 35% cancer deaths during the next two decades. In acromegaly, cancer deaths were mostly attributed to pancreatic adenocarcinoma (n=5), breast (n=4), lung (n=3) and colon (n=3) carcinoma. In acromegaly, men were younger than women at diagnosis (median 44.5 vs 50 years, P<0.001) and death (67 vs 76 years, P=0.0015). Compared with controls, women (36% vs 25%, P<0.01), but not men (31% vs 28%, P=0.44), had increased mortality. CONCLUSIONS: In acromegaly, men are younger at diagnosis and death than women. Compared with controls, mortality is increased during 20 years of follow-up, especially in women. Causes of deaths shift from predominantly cardiovascular to cancer deaths.


Assuntos
Acromegalia/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Finlândia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
13.
Duodecim ; 131(17): 1598-604, 2015.
Artigo em Finlandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26548107

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Insulin-producing neuroendocrine tumours (iNETs) are rare, but their incidence is increasing. We studied the incidence, clinical picture, diagnostics, and treatment of insulinomas diagnosed in 1980 to 2010. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of insulinomas diagnosed in Tampere University Hospital. RESULTS: We found 23 iNET cases corresponding to an incidence of 0.7/million/year. All had neuroglycopenic symptoms and 83% had autonomic ones. The median diagnostic delay (from first symptoms up to diagnosis) was 25 months. Preoperative imaging found the tumor in 87%. Twenty-one out of 22 patients who underwent surgery recovered completely. CONCLUSIONS: Despite improved imaging the diagnostic delay of iNETs remained unchanged. Hypoglycemia and insulinoma should be considered as a cause of unspecific, symptomatic attacks.


Assuntos
Insulinoma/diagnóstico , Insulinoma/terapia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Feminino , Finlândia/epidemiologia , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Incidência , Insulinoma/epidemiologia , Masculino , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 100(10): 3710-7, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26262435

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Some previous studies have suggested increased cancer risk in hyperthyroid patients treated with radioactive iodine (RAI). It is unclear whether the excess cancer risk is attributable to hyperthyroidism, its treatment, or the shared risk factors of the two diseases. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess cancer morbidity and mortality in hyperthyroid patients treated with either RAI or surgery. PATIENTS: We identified 4334 patients treated surgically for hyperthyroidism in Finland during 1986-2007 from the Hospital Discharge Registry and 1814 patients treated with RAI for hyperthyroidism at Tampere University Hospital. For each patient, three age- and gender-matched controls were chosen. Information on cancer diagnoses was obtained from the Cancer Registry. The follow-up began 3 months after the treatment and ended at cancer diagnosis, death, emigration, or the common closing date (December 31, 2009). RESULTS: The overall cancer incidence was not increased among the hyperthyroid patients compared to their controls (rate ratio [RR], 1.05; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.96-1.15). However, the risk of cancers of the respiratory tract (RR, 1.46; 95% CI, 1.05-2.02) and the stomach (RR, 1.64; 95% CI, 1.01-2.68) was increased among the patients. The overall cancer mortality did not differ between the patients and the controls (RR, 1.08; 95% CI, 0.94-1.25). The type of treatment did not affect the overall risk of cancer (hazard ratio for RAI vs thyroidectomy, 1.03; 95% CI, 0.86-1.23) or cancer mortality (hazard ratio, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.91-1.21). CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort of Finnish patients with hyperthyroidism treated with thyroidectomy or RAI, the overall risk of cancer was not increased, although an increased risk of gastric and respiratory tract cancers was seen in hyperthyroid patients. Based on this large-scale, long-term follow-up study, the increased cancer risk in hyperthyroid patients is attributable to hyperthyroidism and shared risk factors, not the treatment modality.


Assuntos
Hipertireoidismo/terapia , Radioisótopos do Iodo/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Tireoidectomia/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Finlândia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipertireoidismo/radioterapia , Hipertireoidismo/cirurgia , Incidência , Radioisótopos do Iodo/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/etiologia , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco
15.
Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) ; 80(5): 743-50, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24304446

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Previous studies suggest that patients with hyperthyroidism remain at an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity even after restoring euthyroidism. The mechanisms of the increased risk and its dependency on the different treatment modalities of hyperthyroidism remain unclear. The aim of this long-term follow-up study was to compare the rate of hospitalizations for cardiovascular causes and the mortality in hyperthyroid patients treated surgically with an age- and gender-matched reference population. PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS: A population-based cohort study was conducted among 4334 hyperthyroid patients (median age 46 years) treated with thyroidectomy in 1986-2007 in Finland and among 12,991 reference subjects. Firstly, the hospitalizations due to cardiovascular diseases (CVD) were analysed until thyroidectomy. Secondly, the hazard ratios for any new hospitalization due to CVDs after the thyroidectomy were calculated in Cox regression analysis adjusted with the prevalent CVDs at the time of thyroidectomy. RESULTS: The risk of hospitalization due to all CVDs started to increase already 5 years before the thyroidectomy, and by the time of the operation, it was 50% higher in the hyperthyroid patients compared to the controls (P < 0·001). After the thyroidectomy, the hospitalizations due to all CVDs (HR 1·15), hypertension (HR 1·23), heart failure (HR 1·17) and valvular diseases or cardiomyopathies (HR 1·55) remained more frequent among the patients than among the controls for 20 years after thyroidectomy. The increased morbidity was not clearly related to the aetiology of hyperthyroidism. Despite the increased CVD morbidity among the patients, there was no difference in cardiovascular mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The present study shows that hyperthyroidism increases the risk of hospitalization due to CVDs and the risk is sustained up to two decades after effective surgical treatment. However, there was no excess CVD mortality in the middle-aged patient cohort studied.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Hipertireoidismo/cirurgia , Tireoidectomia/métodos , Adulto , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Finlândia , Seguimentos , Hospitalização , Humanos , Hipertireoidismo/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Admissão do Paciente , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Valores de Referência , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
J Fam Nurs ; 19(1): 3-28, 2013 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23288886

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus is a common chronic disease all over the world. Self-management plays a crucial role in diabetes management. The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize what is known about the interactions between adult persons with diabetes, their family, and diabetes self-management. MEDLINE, CINAHL, PSYCHINFO, LINDA, and MEDIC databases were searched for the years 2000 to 2011 and for English language articles, and the reference lists of the studies included were reviewed to capture additional studies. The findings indicate that family members have influence on the self-management of adult persons with diabetes. The support from family members plays a crucial role in maintaining lifestyle changes and optimizing diabetes management. Diabetes and its treatment also affect the life of family members in several ways, causing, for example, different types of psychological distress. More attention should be paid to family factors in diabetes management among adult persons.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/psicologia , Família/psicologia , Relações Interpessoais , Autocuidado/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
17.
Brain Sci ; 3(2): 790-9, 2013 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24961425

RESUMO

The purpose of the present study was to examine the combined effects of aging and lifelong ethanol exposure on the levels of monoamine neurotransmitters in different regions of the brain. This work is part of a project addressing interactions of aging and lifelong ethanol consumption in alcohol-preferring AA (Alko Alcohol) line of rats, selected for high voluntary consumption of ethanol. Intake of ethanol on the level of 4.5-5 g/kg/day for about 20 months induced only limited changes in the neurotransmitter levels; the concentration of noradrenaline was significantly reduced in the frontal cortex. There was also a trend towards lower levels of dopamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in the frontal cortex, and towards a lower noradrenaline level in the dorsal cortex. Aging was associated with a decreased concentration of dopamine in the dorsal cortex and with a declining trend in the striatum. The levels of 5-HT in the limbic forebrain were higher in the aged than in the young animals, and in the striatum, there was a trend towards higher levels in older animals. The data suggest that a continuous intake of moderate amounts of ethanol does not enhance the age-related alterations in brain monoamine neurotransmission, while the decline in the brain level of dopamine associated with aging may be a factor contributing to age-related neurological disorders.

18.
Scand J Gastroenterol ; 47(1): 43-8, 2012 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22126672

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Early diagnosis and dietary treatment with a gluten-free diet might slow down the progression of associated autoimmune diseases in celiac disease, but the data are contradictory. We investigated the course of autoimmune thyroid diseases in newly diagnosed celiac disease patients before and after gluten-free dietary treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-seven consecutive adults with newly diagnosed celiac disease were investigated at the time of diagnosis and after 1 year on gluten-free diet. Earlier diagnosed and subclinical autoimmune thyroid diseases were recorded and examined. Thyroid gland volume and echogenicity were measured by ultrasound. Autoantibodies against celiac disease and thyroiditis, and thyroid function tests were determined. For comparison, 27 non-celiac controls on normal gluten-containing diet were examined. RESULTS: At the time of diagnosis, the celiac disease patients had more manifest (n = 7) or subclinical (n = 3) thyroid diseases than the controls (10/27 vs. 3/27, p = 0.055). During the follow-up, the thyroid volume decreased significantly in the patients with celiac disease compared with the controls, indicating the progression of thyroid gland atrophy despite the gluten-free diet. CONCLUSIONS: Celiac patients had an increased risk of thyroid autoimmune disorders. A gluten-free diet seemed not to prevent the progression of autoimmune process during a follow-up of 1 year.


Assuntos
Doença Celíaca/dietoterapia , Dieta Livre de Glúten , Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Tireoidite Autoimune/dietoterapia , Adulto , Atrofia/diagnóstico por imagem , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Doença Celíaca/complicações , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Tireoidite Autoimune/complicações , Tireoidite Autoimune/diagnóstico por imagem , Tireotropina/sangue , Ultrassonografia
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