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1.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 2021 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34969521

RESUMO

The aim of this scoping review was to investigate ultrasound imaging (USI) acquisition procedures and guidelines used to assess the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ). MEDLINE, CINAHL, AMED and SPORTDiscus were systematically searched in May 2021. Studies were included if they used grey-scale USI or power Doppler and reported a USI procedure to assess the first MTPJ. Screening and data extraction were performed by two independent assessors. The scoping review was reported in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses extension for scoping reviews (PRISMA-ScR). A total of 403 citations were identified for screening, with 36 articles included in the final analysis. There was wide variation in USI acquisition procedures used to evaluate the first MTPJ. Inconsistencies in reporting may be attributable to the number of elements the USI acquisition procedure encompasses, which include the model of the USI device, the type of transducer, USI modalities and settings, patient position, transducer orientation, surfaces scanned and the scanning technique used. The review found inconsistencies against international guidelines and limited implementation of consensus-based recommendations to guide image acquisition. Current guidelines require further refinement of anatomical reference points to establish a standardised USI acquisition procedure, subsequently improving interpretability and reproducibility between USI studies that evaluate the first MTPJ.

2.
Plant Phenomics ; 2021: 9874597, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34708214

RESUMO

3D reconstruction of fruit is important as a key component of fruit grading and an important part of many size estimation pipelines. Like many computer vision challenges, the 3D reconstruction task suffers from a lack of readily available training data in most domains, with methods typically depending on large datasets of high-quality image-model pairs. In this paper, we propose an unsupervised domain-adaptation approach to 3D reconstruction where labelled images only exist in our source synthetic domain, and training is supplemented with different unlabelled datasets from the target real domain. We approach the problem of 3D reconstruction using volumetric regression and produce a training set of 25,000 pairs of images and volumes using hand-crafted 3D models of bananas rendered in a 3D modelling environment (Blender). Each image is then enhanced by a GAN to more closely match the domain of photographs of real images by introducing a volumetric consistency loss, improving performance of 3D reconstruction on real images. Our solution harnesses the cost benefits of synthetic data while still maintaining good performance on real world images. We focus this work on the task of 3D banana reconstruction from a single image, representing a common task in plant phenotyping, but this approach is general and may be adapted to any 3D reconstruction task including other plant species and organs.

3.
Plant Sci ; 311: 110996, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482908

RESUMO

Rubus chingii, is widely distributed in many Asian countries and well known for its medicinal and dietary properties. Diversity of fruit color in raspberry has been attributed to the presence of either anthocyanins or carotenoids. In this study, we investigated anthocyanins and carotenoids, and their biosynthesis by LC-MS/MS. Six anthocyanins mainly consisted of flavanol-anthocyanins while five carotenoids mainly consisted of ß-citraurin esters. Flavanol-anthocyanins were produced from an offshoot of the anthocyanin biosynthesis, which started with biosynthesis of flavanols and anthocyanidin by leucoanthocyanidin reductase (LAR)/anthocyanidin reductase (ANR) and anthocyanidin synthase (ANS/LDOX) respectively. ß-citraurin esters were produced from cleavage of zeaxanthin and esterification by organic acid, which was an offshoot of the carotenoid biosynthesis. The offshoot started with biosynthesis of zeaxanthin and ß-citraurin by carotene ß-hydroxylase (CHYB/LUT5) and carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase (CCD) respectively. During fruit ripening, biosynthesis of flavanols and anthocyanins was down-regulated by genes/proteins involved in phenylpropanoid and flavonoid biosynthesis, while biosynthesis of ß-citraurin esters was up-regulated by imbalanced expression of genes/proteins involved in ß,ß-ring and ß, ε-ring hydroxylation. Thus, ß-citraurin esters, instead of anthocyanins imparted reddish color to the ripe fruit. These pigments and their biosynthesis in R. chingii are totally different from what occurs in other raspberry species.


Assuntos
Antocianinas/metabolismo , Carotenoides/metabolismo , Frutas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Frutas/metabolismo , Pigmentação/fisiologia , Rubus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Rubus/metabolismo , Antocianinas/genética , China , Frutas/anatomia & histologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Genes de Plantas , Pigmentação/genética , Rubus/anatomia & histologia
4.
BMC Vet Res ; 17(1): 296, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488762

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Canine elbow dysplasia (CED) is a complex developmental skeletal disorder associated with a number of pathological conditions within the cubital joint. Because CED is a heritable disease, it is important to identify and remove the affected animals from breeding. The first objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of medial coronoid process disease (MCPD) without (MCD) or with (FMCP) fragmented medial coronoid process, osteochondrosis (OC) and/or osteochondritis dissecans (OCD), ununited anconeal process (UAP), radio-ulnar incongruence (INC R-U) and humero-ulnar incongruence (INC H-U) in dogs with the use of CT imaging. The second aim was to determine the influence of demographics on the prevalence of investigated pathologies in dogs with clinical evidence of elbow dysplasia. RESULTS: In this retrospective study, CT data records of 169 dogs of different breeds presented to the small animal veterinary clinic from 2012 to 2018 were included. 69.23% of dogs diagnosed with CED were young (≤ 2 years old). The mean age of dogs presented with INC R-U was 1.68 ± 1.82 years, while in dogs without INC R-U the mean age was 2.64 ± 2.59 years. The mean age of dogs with INC H-U was 1.94 ± 2.06 years, while without INC H-U 3.29 ± 2.09 years. Labrador Retrievers, German Shepherd and Bernese Mountain dogs were most frequently presented with CED-associated lameness. In 122 dogs OA of varying severity was found. CONCLUSION: INC H-U, FMCP and MCD were among the most frequently found components of CED found in the present study. OCD and UAP were the least frequently diagnosed. Dogs presented with INC R-U and INC H-U were significantly younger than dogs without these CED components. Boxers, Dog de Bordeaux, American Staffordshire terriers and mixed-breed dogs were diagnosed later in life than the other breeds. OA of varying severity was found in 72.18% of dogs. Males accounted for more than 75% of the study population.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão/diagnóstico por imagem , Membro Anterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Artropatias/veterinária , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/veterinária , Fatores Etários , Animais , Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia , Cães , Feminino , Artropatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Artropatias/epidemiologia , Masculino , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Especificidade da Espécie
5.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 706667, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34447402

RESUMO

Rubus chingii HU, is a medicinal and nutritious fruit, which is very rich in flavonoids. However, the biosynthesis of its flavonoids is poorly understood. This study examined flavonoids and the genes/proteins at four fruit ripening phases using LC-MS/MS and qPCR. Six major kinds of anthocyanins, primarily consisted of flavanol-anthocyanins, which differed in form or concentration from other Rubus species. In contrast to other known raspberries species, R. chingii had a decline in flavonoids during fruit ripening, which was due to down-regulation of genes and proteins involved in phenylpropanoid and flavonoid biosynthesis. Unexpectedly, anthocyanin also continuously decreased during fruit maturation. This suggests that anthocyanins are not responsible for the fruit's reddish coloration. Flavanol-anthocyanins were derived from the proanthocyanidin pathway, which consumed two flavonoid units both produced through the same upstream pathway. Their presence indicates a reduction in the potential biosynthesis of anthocyanin production. Also, the constantly low expression of RchANS gene resulted in low levels of anthocyanin biosynthesis. The lack of RchF3'5'H gene/protein hindered the production of delphinidin glycosides. Flavonoids primarily comprising of quercetin/kaempferol-glycosides were predominately located at fruit epidermal-hair and placentae. The proportion of receptacle/drupelets changes with the maturity of the fruit and may be related to a decrease in the content of flavonoids per unit mass as the fruit matures. The profile and biosynthesis of R. chingii flavonoids are unique to Rubus. The unique flavonol pathways of R. chingii could be used to broaden the genetic diversity of raspberry cultivars and to improve their fruit quality.

6.
F S Rep ; 2(2): 249-251, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34278362

RESUMO

Objective: To report a case of ovarian stimulation for the purposes of oocyte cryopreservation in a transgender man without cessation of long-term testosterone therapy. Design: Report of a unique case of fertility preservation through ovarian stimulation and oocyte cryopreservation in a transgender man who had been on testosterone therapy for 18 months before treatment. The patient elected to continue testosterone therapy throughout ovarian stimulation and oocyte retrieval. To our knowledge, there have not been any published reports of patients undergoing oocyte cryopreservation while continuing long-term testosterone therapy. Setting: Private fertility clinic with university affiliation. Patients: A 20-year-old transgender man undergoing oocyte cryopreservation before gonadectomy. Interventions: Fertility preservation through oocyte cryopreservation. Main Outcome Measures: This patient had a robust response to ovarian gonadotropin stimulation. Leuprolide acetate was used for final oocyte maturation to minimize ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome risk. Results: Cryopreservation of 22 mature oocytes. Conclusions: Cryopreservation of mature oocytes is possible for patients on continued long-term testosterone therapy. The impact of long-term testosterone therapy on markers of ovarian reserve, reproductive potential, and long-term reproductive outcomes have yet to be elucidated and further studies are needed in this area.

7.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 15080, 2021 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34301985

RESUMO

Blueberry is rich in anthocyanins which accumulate during fruit maturation. Previous studies mostly focus on their translational/transcriptional regulation, but usually underestimate their post-transcriptional regulation, e.g. small RNAs. This study aimed to identify sRNAs and their potential pathways associated with anthocyanin biosynthesis. During three typical phases of fruit maturation (green, pink, and blue), we investigated dynamic changes of sRNA by deep sequencing sRNA and examined the interaction of sRNAs with their target genes by degradome and RLM-PCR. During maturation, up-regulation of VcmiRNA156 and VcmiR393 resulted in down-regulation of VcSPLs and VcTIR1/AFBs, respectively. An important gene of anthocyanin biosynthesis, VcDFR, was substantially down-regulated at both the mRNA and protein levels, and potentially responded to regulation of VcSPLs and VcTIR1/AFBs. Additionally, indole acetic acid (IAA) and abscisic acid (ABA) were involved in the regulation of anthocyanin biosynthesis by interacting with VcmiR393-TIR1/AFBs and VcmiRNA319-VcMYBs respectively. This information provides another insight into blueberry anthocyanin biosynthesis.


Assuntos
Antocianinas/genética , Mirtilos Azuis (Planta)/genética , Frutas/genética , RNA/genética , Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo , Mirtilos Azuis (Planta)/metabolismo , Frutas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Cima/genética
8.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 163: 76-86, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819717

RESUMO

Carotenoids are one of the most abundant pigments in raspberries. Rubus chingii Hu, indigenous to China, is traditionally consumed for health benefits. However, the carotenoid composition and pathways of R. chingii have not yet been studied. In this study, the components of carotenoids and genes/proteins involved in their biosynthesis were investigated during four fruit ripening phases via LC-MS/MS. Zeaxanthin, ß-citraurin and its esters, first identified in Rubus, gradually accumulated during fruit maturation. These compounds, rather than anthocyanins, were responsible for the ripe fruit coloration. In carotenoid metabolism, upstream synthesis genes of RcPSY2 (CL1406.Contig2), RcPDS1 (CL7625.Contig2), RcZDS1 (CL590.Contig6) and RcCRTISO1 (CL6919.Contig2) were up-regulated in gene/protein expression to accelerate carotene biosynthesis. Downstream genes of RcLUT5CHYB/CYP97A (CL8884.Contig3) and RcCHYB/BCH (CL7966.Contig1) were up-regulated in gene/protein expression, while RcCHYE/CYP97C (CL9380.Contig1/2) were maintained at low levels. RcLCYE (Unigene19570) was down-regulated while RcLCYB (CL7586.Contig1) was up-regulated and then down-regulated. These differential gene/protein expressions between LCYB and LCYE, and between CHYE and CHYB led to zeaxanthin accumulation by elevating its biosynthetic enzymes and lowering enzymes for lutein biosynthesis. In apocarotenoid biosynthesis, RcCCD (CL1310.Contig3) was up-regulated in gene/protein expression, which raised the content of ß-citraurin and its esters. Additionally, these genes/proteins diverged into different subgroups with distinct pattens of expression, suggesting their difference in function. For example, RcPSY1/3, RcZDS2, and RcCRTISO2/3 genes were expressed at very low levels, suggesting that they may be active in other tissues rather than in fruit. The mechanism of zeaxanthin and ß-citraurin biosynthesis is responsible for fruit coloration, which is completely novel to Rubus.


Assuntos
Rubus , China , Cromatografia Líquida , Frutas/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
9.
Alzheimers Res Ther ; 13(1): 43, 2021 02 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33573702

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The antihypertensive angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-Is) have similar indications and mechanisms of action, but prior work suggests divergence in their effects on cognition. METHODS: Participants in the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center database with a clinical diagnosis of dementia due to Alzheimer's disease (AD) using an ACE-I or an ARB at any visit were selected. The primary outcome was delayed recall memory on the Wechsler Memory Scale Revised - Logical Memory IIA. Other cognitive domains were explored, including attention and psychomotor processing speed (Trail Making Test [TMT]-A and Digit Symbol Substitution Test [DSST]), executive function (TMT-B), and language and semantic verbal fluency (Animal Naming, Vegetable Naming, and Boston Naming Tests). Random slopes mixed-effects models with inverse probability of treatment weighting were used, yielding rate ratios (RR) or regression coefficients (B), as appropriate to the distribution of the data. Apolipoprotein (APOE) ε4 status and blood-brain barrier (BBB) penetrance were investigated as effect modifiers. RESULTS: Among 1689 participants with AD, ARB use (n = 578) was associated with 9.4% slower decline in delayed recall performance over a mean follow-up of 2.28 years compared with ACE-I use (n = 1111) [RR = 1.094, p = 0.0327]; specifically, users of BBB-crossing ARBs (RR = 1.25, p = 0.002), BBB-crossing ACE-Is (RR = 1.16, p = 0.010), and non-BBB-crossing ARBs (RR = 1.20, p = 0.005) had better delayed recall performance over time compared with non-BBB-crossing ACE-I users. An interaction with APOE ε4 status (drug × APOE × time RR = 1.196, p = 0.033) emerged; ARBs were associated with better delayed recall scores over time than ACE-Is in non-carriers (RR = 1.200, p = 0.003), but not in carriers (RR = 1.003, p = 0.957). ARB use was also associated with better performance over time on the TMT-A (B = 2.023 s, p = 0.0004) and the DSST (B = 0.573 symbols, p = 0.0485), and these differences were significant among APOE ε4 non-carriers (B = 4.066 s, p = 0.0004; and B = 0.982 symbols, p = 0.0230; respectively). Some differences were seen also in language and verbal fluency among APOE ε4 non-carriers. CONCLUSIONS: Among APOE ε4 non-carriers with AD, ARB use was associated with greater preservation of memory and attention/psychomotor processing speed, particularly compared to ACE-Is that do not cross the blood-brain-barrier.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Disfunção Cognitiva , Doença de Alzheimer/complicações , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Apolipoproteína E4/genética , Barreira Hematoencefálica , Disfunção Cognitiva/tratamento farmacológico , Disfunção Cognitiva/genética , Humanos , Testes Neuropsicológicos
10.
Org Biomol Chem ; 19(4): 775-784, 2021 01 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439179

RESUMO

Herein we report the development of a new periodate-based reactive assay system for the fluorescent detection of the cis-diol metabolites produced by Rieske dioxygenases. This sensitive and diastereoselective assay system successfully evaluates the substrate scope of Rieske dioxygenases and determines the relative activity of a rationally designed Rieske dioxygenase variant library. The high throughput capacity of the assay system enables rapid and efficient substrate scope investigations and screening of large dioxygenase variant libraries.


Assuntos
Dioxigenases/metabolismo , Ensaios Enzimáticos/métodos , Glicóis/química , Glicóis/metabolismo , Limite de Detecção , Estereoisomerismo , Especificidade por Substrato
11.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 124, 2021 01 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33504914

RESUMO

Bioregenerative life-support systems (BLSS) involving plants will be required to realize self-sustaining human settlements beyond Earth. To improve plant productivity in BLSS, the quality of the solar spectrum can be modified by lightweight, luminescent films. CuInS2/ZnS quantum dot (QD) films were used to down-convert ultraviolet/blue photons to red emissions centered at 600 and 660 nm, resulting in increased biomass accumulation in red romaine lettuce. All plant growth parameters, except for spectral quality, were uniform across three production environments. Lettuce grown under the 600 and 660 nm-emitting QD films respectively increased edible dry mass (13 and 9%), edible fresh mass (11% each), and total leaf area (8 and 13%) compared with under a control film containing no QDs. Spectral modifications by the luminescent QD films improved photosynthetic efficiency in lettuce and could enhance productivity in greenhouses on Earth, or in space where, further conversion is expected from greater availability of ultraviolet photons.


Assuntos
Produtos Agrícolas , Ambiente Controlado , Alface , Pontos Quânticos , Espectro de Ação/métodos , Espectro de Ação/normas , Biofortificação/métodos , Calibragem , Cobre/química , Produtos Agrícolas/química , Produtos Agrícolas/efeitos da radiação , Radiação Eletromagnética , Humanos , Alface/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Alface/metabolismo , Alface/efeitos da radiação , Luz , Fotossíntese/efeitos da radiação , Folhas de Planta/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Folhas de Planta/efeitos da radiação , Melhoria de Qualidade , Pontos Quânticos/química , Atividade Solar , Sulfetos/química , Compostos de Zinco/química
12.
Alzheimers Res Ther ; 13(1): 31, 2021 01 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485373

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: APOE ε4 carrier status is known to increase odds of amnestic presentations with Alzheimer's pathology. It is unknown how APOE ε4 carrier status impacts odds of specific initial cognitive symptoms in the presence of Lewy body pathology. Here we evaluate the impact of APOE ε4 genotype on initial cognitive symptoms among those with Alzheimer's disease pathology (ADP) and Lewy-related pathology (LRP). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of 2288 participants with neuropathology confirmed ADP or LRP in the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center database, who had initial cognitive symptoms documented and had a Clinical Dementia Rating-Global (CDR-G) score ≤ 1 (cognitively normal, MCI, or early dementia). Unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression models taking into account age at evaluation, sex, and education examined the relationship between APOE ε4 genotype and initial symptoms (memory, executive, language visuospatial) among ADP with LRP and ADP-LRP groups. RESULTS: One thousand three hundred three participants met criteria for ADP alone, 90 for LRP alone, and 895 for co-existing ADP and LRP (ADP-LRP). Younger age increased odds of non-amnestic symptoms across all three groups. In the adjusted model among ADP, APOE ε4 carriers had higher odds of amnestic initial symptoms 1.5 [95% CI, 1.7-2.14, p = 0.003] and lower odds of initial language symptoms 0.67 [95% CI, 0.47-0.96, p = 0.03] than non-carriers. The odds for these two symptoms were not different between ADP and mixed ADP-LRP groups. Female sex and higher education increased odds of initial language symptoms in the ADP group in the adjusted model. In the unadjusted model, APOE ε4 carriers with LRP had a higher odds of visuospatial initial symptoms 21.96 [95% CI, 4.02-110.62, p < 0.0001], while no difference was noted for initial executive/attention symptoms. Among LRP, the odds of APOE ε4 on amnestic symptom was not significant; however, the interaction effect evaluating the difference in odds ratios of amnestic symptom between ADP and LRP groups also did not reach statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: The odds of specific initial cognitive symptoms differed between ADP and LRP among APOE ε4 carriers compared to non-carriers. The odds of initial amnestic symptom was higher among ADP APOE ε4 carriers and the odds of visuospatial initial symptom was higher with LRP APOE ε4 carriers. This supports the hypothesis that APOE ε4 differentially impacts initial cognitive symptoms together with underlying neuropathology.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Apolipoproteína E4 , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Apolipoproteína E4/genética , Cognição , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Corpos de Lewy , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Death Stud ; 45(10): 795-804, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752609

RESUMO

Children often have difficulty talking openly about a parent's suicide. Bibliotherapy can help, but no bibliotherapy studies address parental suicide. We gave a focus group (5 paraprofessionals) 15 children's books addressing grief, parental suicide, and emotional expression, asking them which books were most helpful. They emphasized individualizing treatment to fit the child, recommending the books that honestly portrayed suicide, showed a way forward, provided hope, and assured children that they are not alone. The most highly recommend books were Bart Speaks Out: Breaking the Silence on Suicide and After a Suicide Death: A Workbook for Grieving Kids.


Assuntos
Conselheiros , Suicídio , Criança , Comunicação , Humanos , Pais , Percepção
14.
J Arthroplasty ; 36(1): 325-330, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prior registry data suggest that perioperative red blood cell (RBC) transfusion may increase the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients status post surgery. However, there are limited data that explore VTE risk after perioperative transfusion in the setting of primary total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Our aim is to investigate the association between perioperative RBC transfusion and the development of symptomatic VTE after adjusting for confounding variables. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients undergoing primary TJA at a single institution from 2001 to 2016. The primary outcome was development of symptomatic VTE (deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism) up to 90 days following primary TJA. To identify the association between RBC transfusion and development of VTE, univariate and multivariate analyses were used, as well as a sensitivity analysis using propensity score matching based on patient comorbidities. RESULTS: Of the 29,003 patients who underwent TJA, 2500 (8.62%) received RBC transfusion perioperatively and 302 (1.04%) developed a postoperative VTE within 90 days of surgery. While univariate analysis did suggest a slightly increased incidence of VTE in association with RBC transfusion (odds ratio [OR], 1.53; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.09-2.16), this difference was eliminated when multivariate analysis (OR, 0.42; 95% CI, 0.12-1.39) and propensity score matching (propensity-matched OR, 1.2; 95% CI, 0.7-1.8) were employed. CONCLUSION: Perioperative RBC transfusion does not significantly increase the incidence of symptomatic VTE following primary TJA in the 90-day postoperative period after adjustment for host VTE risk scores and other confounding variables. Perioperative RBC transfusion may be safely administered if indicated following total hip and knee arthroplasty.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Embolia Pulmonar , Tromboembolia Venosa , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Transfusão de Eritrócitos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia
17.
Ann Clin Transl Neurol ; 7(7): 1225-1239, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32634865

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the inflammatory analytes that predict clinical progression and evaluate their performance against biomarkers of neurodegeneration. METHODS: A longitudinal study of MCI-AD patients in a Discovery cohort over 15 months, with replication in the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) MCI cohort over 36 months. Fifty-three inflammatory analytes were measured in the CSF and plasma with a RBM multiplex analyte platform. Inflammatory analytes that predict clinical progression on Clinical Dementia Rating Scale-Sum of Boxes (CDR-SB) and Mini Mental State Exam scores were assessed in multivariate regression models. To provide context, key analyte results in ADNI were compared against biomarkers of neurodegeneration, hippocampal volume, and CSF neurofilament light (NfL), in receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses evaluating highest quartile of CDR-SB change over two years (≥3 points). RESULTS: Cerebrospinal fluid inflammatory analytes in relation to cognitive decline were best described by gene ontology terms, natural killer cell chemotaxis, and endothelial cell apoptotic process and in plasma, extracellular matrix organization, blood coagulation, and fibrin clot formation described the analytes. CSF CCL2 was most robust in predicting rate of cognitive change and analytes that correlated to CCL2 suggest IL-10 pathway dysregulation. The ROC curves for ≥3 points change in CDR-SB over 2 years when comparing baseline hippocampal volume, CSF NfL, and CCL2 were not significantly different. INTERPRETATION: Baseline levels of immune cell chemotactic cytokine CCL2 in the CSF and IL-10 pathway dysregulation impact longitudinal cognitive and functional decline in MCI-AD. CCL2's utility appears comparable to biomarkers of neurodegeneration in predicting rapid decline.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Disfunção Cognitiva , Progressão da Doença , Inflamação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença de Alzheimer/imunologia , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Doença de Alzheimer/fisiopatologia , Quimiocina CCL2/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Disfunção Cognitiva/imunologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/metabolismo , Disfunção Cognitiva/patologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/imunologia , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neurofilamentos/líquido cefalorraquidiano
18.
Food Chem ; 309: 125617, 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718833

RESUMO

In blueberry, sugars and organic acids determine fruit organoleptic quality and drastically change during fruit maturation. This study examined enzymes involved in the metabolism of sugars and organic acids during the three maturation phases (green, pink and blue). During maturation, an increase in sugar (mainly fructose and glucose) was associated with up-regulation of VcSPP (CUFF.32787.1), VcSPS (CUFF.14989.1), and VcINV (gene.g3367.t1.1, CUFF.8077.1 and CUFF.47310.2). A decrease in citrate was associated with VcACLY (CUFF.27347.1 and CUFF.28772.1) in the acetyl-CoA pathway and with VcGAD (CUFF.15663.1 and CUFF.13757.1) and VcGLT (CUFF.6416.1) in the GABA shunt. A decrease in malate was associated with VcMDH (CUFF.30072.1, CUFF.18332.1 and CUFF.24878.1) involved in malate biosynthesis, and with VcADH (gene.g1507.t1.1, CUFF.3210.1 and gene.g30667.t1.1) as well as VcPDC (CUFF.47532.1) involved in fermentation. Multi-isoforms of enzymes were divergent and differentially regulated, suggesting that they have specialized functions in these pathways. The information will contribute to the understanding of blueberry organoleptic quality.


Assuntos
Mirtilos Azuis (Planta)/fisiologia , Enzimas/metabolismo , Frutas/fisiologia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Açúcares/metabolismo , Mirtilos Azuis (Planta)/metabolismo , Frutas/metabolismo , Malatos/metabolismo , Filogenia
19.
Death Stud ; : 1-12, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31829110

RESUMO

Children who experience a parent's suicide are vulnerable to an increased risk for mental health disorders and suicide attempts. In this study, 17 adults, each a child survivor of their parent's suicide, shared their perceptions of support following the suicide. Helpful experiences included opening communication about suicide and offering individualized support. Unhelpful experiences included judgment and blame, silence regarding suicide, and a heightened awareness of the surviving parent's challenges. Individuals most helpful in meeting the child's needs included those with preexisting relationships. In particular, our findings emphasize the critical need for honest, open, and age-appropriate communication about the parent's suicide.

20.
Plants (Basel) ; 8(11)2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694217

RESUMO

Salt stress is a major constraint to rice acreage and production worldwide. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the natural genetic variation available in the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) rice mini-core collection (URMC) for early vigor traits under salt stress and identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for seedling-stage salt tolerance via a genome-wide association study (GWAS). Using a hydroponic system, the seedlings of 162 accessions were subjected to electrical conductivity (EC) 6.0 dS m-1 salt stress at the three-to-four leaf stage. After completion of the study, 59.4% of the accessions were identified as sensitive, 23.9% were identified as moderately tolerant, and 16.7% were identified as highly tolerant. Pokkali was the most tolerant variety, while Nerica-6 was the most sensitive. Adapting standard International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) protocols, eight variables associated with salt tolerance were determined. The GWAS of the URMC, using over three million single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), identified nine genomic regions associated with salt tolerance that were mapped to five different chromosomes. Of these, none were in the known Saltol QTL region, suggesting different probable genes and mechanisms responsible for salt tolerance in the URMC. The study uncovered genetic loci that explained a large portion of the variation in salt tolerance at the seedling stage. Fourteen highly salt-tolerant accessions, six novel loci, and 16 candidate genes in their vicinity were identified that may be useful in breeding for salt stress tolerance. Identified QTLs can be targeted for fine mapping, candidate gene verification, and marker-assisted breeding in future studies.

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