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1.
Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 37(1): 41-57, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682775

RESUMO

Brain tumors (BTs) are a common pediatric malignancy. Improved treatment has resulted in higher survival rates. There is, however, increasing concern about adverse effects of the disease and its treatment, including effects on social competence (i.e. effective social functioning in everyday life). The aim of this study is to examine multiple levels of social competence (i.e. social skills and social adjustment) in newly diagnosed pediatric BT patients. Thirty newly diagnosed BT patients aged 5-12 years were assessed shortly after diagnosis with a neuropsychological test battery focusing on social competence, including tests for IQ, social skills (i.e. social-affective and executive functioning) and social adjustment (rated by parents and teachers). Their performance was compared to 95 healthy controls who completed the same assessment. Patients and healthy controls were largely comparable with regard to demographic and environmental factors and did not differ on measures of IQ, social skills and social adjustment. Furthermore, age was found to have a positive significant effect on social skills independent of group. Shortly after diagnosis, pediatric BT patients did not perform different from healthy controls on IQ and measures of social skills and social adjustment. This is an encouraging finding. However, because of potentially neurotoxic adjuvant therapy and the ongoing development of social skills, longitudinal follow-up studies are needed to investigate long-term outcome regarding social competence in BT survivors.

2.
J Neurooncol ; 145(1): 177-184, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522324

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is a rare clinically, neuro-radiologically, and molecularly defined malignancy of the brainstem with a median overall survival of approximately 11 months. Our aim is to evaluate the current tendency for its treatment in Europe in order to develop (inter)national consensus guidelines. METHODS: Healthcare professionals specialized in DIPG were asked to fill in an online survey with questions regarding usual treatment strategies at diagnosis and at disease progression in their countries and/or their centers, respectively. RESULTS: Seventy-four healthcare professionals responded to the survey, of which 87.8% were pediatric oncologists. Only 13.5% of the respondents biopsy all of their patients, 41.9% biopsy their patients infrequently. More than half of the respondents (54.1%) treated their patients with radiotherapy only at diagnosis, whereas 44.6% preferred radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy. When the disease progresses, treatment strategies became even more diverse, and the tendency for no treatment increased from 1.4% at diagnosis to 77.0% after second progression. 36.5% of the healthcare professionals treat children younger than 3 years differently than older children at diagnosis. This percentage decreased, when the disease progresses. Most of the participants (51.4%) included less than 25% of their patients in clinical trials. CONCLUSION: This survey demonstrates a large heterogeneity of treatment regimens, especially at disease progression. We emphasize the need for international consensus guidelines for the treatment of DIPG, possible by more collaborative clinical trials.

3.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 66(10): e27893, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31276297

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Knowledge is limited regarding the prevalence and persistence of chemotherapy-induced leukoencephalopathy in childhood sarcoma patients. This study explored the presence, clinical relevance, and potential risk factors of leukoencephalopathy in childhood bone and soft tissue sarcoma survivors, treated with intravenous chemotherapy. METHODS: We acquired cross-sectional neurocognitive data in adult survivors (n = 34) (median age at diagnosis [AaD] = 13.32 years, age range = 16-35 years) and healthy age-matched controls (n = 34). Additionally, magnetic resonance imaging included T2-weighted FLAIR (leukoencephalopathy Fazekas rating), multiexponential T2 relaxation (MET2), and multishell diffusion MRI to estimate myelin integrity-related metrics and fluid movement restrictions. Finally, chemotherapy subgroups (methotrexate, alkylating agents, or combination), AaD, and Apoε and MTHFRC677T polymorphisms were explored as potential risk factors for leukoencephalopathy. RESULTS: At the group level, quality of life, working memory, processing speed, and visual memory were significantly lower in patients compared to controls. Furthermore, long-term leukoencephalopathy was observed in 27.2% of the childhood sarcoma survivors, which was related to attentional processing speed. Lesions were related to diffusion-derived, but not to myelin-sensitive metrics. A significant interaction effect between AaD and chemotherapy group demonstrated more lesions in case of high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) (F = 3.434, P = .047). However, patients treated with alkylating agents (without HD-MTX) also showed lesions in younger patients. Genetic predictors were nonsignificant. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATION: This study suggests long-term leukoencephalopathy with possibly underlying changes in vasculature, inflammation, or axonal injury, but not necessarily long-term demyelination. Such lesions could affect processing speed, and as such long-term daily life functioning of these patients.

4.
Neuropsychol Rev ; 29(2): 190-219, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30927148

RESUMO

The rise in cancer survival rates has raised concerns about the long-term adverse effects of cancer treatment, including neurocognitive impairment. Neurocognitive deficits such as attention and processing speed are frequently observed and can have a profound, lifelong impact in daily life of cancer patients. Interestingly, large interpatient variability exists in cognitive outcomes. Emerging evidence indicates that such differences may be related to genetic variation. The aim of our review was to systematically summarize the current literature on the modulatory effects of germline genetic polymorphisms on cancer treatment-induced cognitive changes and the potential age-dependent impact in cancer survivors. The PubMed/Medline database was screened using an extensive search string focusing on four components: "cancer", "cancer treatment", "neurocognitive outcome" and "germline genetic variation". Seventeen studies meeting predefined eligibility criteria were analyzed, including sixteen candidate gene studies and one genome-wide association study. 38 polymorphisms in 15 genes across proposed pathophysiological pathways, including (1) neural plasticity and repair, (2) neuroinflammation and defenses against oxidative stress, (3) neurotransmission, and (4) folate metabolism pathway, were reported to be significantly associated with treatment-related neurocognitive dysfunction or neuroimaging abnormalities. Still, some study results remained discordant, partly due to the methodological heterogeneity (i.e. in test assessments, age, cancer-type populations). Future large-scale, (epi-)genome studies integrating neurocognitive assessments and advanced neuroimaging techniques, are recommended in order to investigate neurotoxicity throughout the lifespan. Hence, adverse neurodevelopmental problems during childhood and neurodegenerative processes later in life could be minimized based on genetic risk classifications.

7.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 19(7): 950-957, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28708290

RESUMO

The AdaptResponse trial is designed to test the hypothesis that preferential adaptive left ventricular-only pacing with the AdaptivCRT® algorithm reduces the incidence of the combined endpoint of all-cause mortality and intervention for heart failure (HF) decompensation, compared with conventional cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), among patients with a CRT indication, left bundle branch block (LBBB) and normal atrioventricular (AV) conduction. The AdaptResponse study is a prospective, randomized, controlled, single-blinded, multicentre, clinical trial (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02205359), conducted at up to 200 centres worldwide. Following enrolment and baseline assessment, eligible subjects will be implanted with a CRT system containing the AdaptivCRT algorithm, and randomized in a 1:1 fashion to either a treatment ('AdaptivCRT') or control ('Conventional CRT') group. The study is designed to observe a primary endpoint in 1100 patients ('event-driven') and approximately 3000 patients will be randomized. The primary endpoint is the composite of all-cause mortality and intervention for HF decompensation; secondary endpoints include all-cause mortality, intervention for HF decompensation, clinical composite score (CCS) at 6 months, atrial fibrillation, quality of life measured by the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ), health outcome measured by the EQ-5D instrument, all-cause readmission after a HF admission, and cost-effectiveness. The AdaptResponse clinical trial is powered to assess clinical endpoints and is expected to provide definitive evidence on the incremental utility of AdaptivCRT-enhanced CRT systems.


Assuntos
Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Qualidade de Vida , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Algoritmos , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial , Saúde Global , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Neurooncol ; 132(2): 255-266, 2017 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28110411

RESUMO

Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is a rare and deadly childhood malignancy. After 40 years of mostly single-center, often non-randomized trials with variable patient inclusions, there has been no improvement in survival. It is therefore time for international collaboration in DIPG research, to provide new hope for children, parents and medical professionals fighting DIPG. In a first step towards collaboration, in 2011, a network of biologists and clinicians working in the field of DIPG was established within the European Society for Paediatric Oncology (SIOPE) Brain Tumour Group: the SIOPE DIPG Network. By bringing together biomedical professionals and parents as patient representatives, several collaborative DIPG-related projects have been realized. With help from experts in the fields of information technology, and legal advisors, an international, web-based comprehensive database was developed, The SIOPE DIPG Registry and Imaging Repository, to centrally collect data of DIPG patients. As for April 2016, clinical data as well as MR-scans of 694 patients have been entered into the SIOPE DIPG Registry/Imaging Repository. The median progression free survival is 6.0 months (95% Confidence Interval (CI) 5.6-6.4 months) and the median overall survival is 11.0 months (95% CI 10.5-11.5 months). At two and five years post-diagnosis, 10 and 2% of patients are alive, respectively. The establishment of the SIOPE DIPG Network and SIOPE DIPG Registry means a paradigm shift towards collaborative research into DIPG. This is seen as an essential first step towards understanding the disease, improving care and (ultimately) cure for children with DIPG.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Tronco Encefálico/diagnóstico por imagem , Glioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Serviços de Informação , Cooperação Internacional , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Sistema de Registros , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Masculino , Ponte/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
9.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 63(3): 486-92, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26586230

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disease, frequently affecting young children. PROCEDURE: We performed a retrospective study in patients younger than 16 years old manifesting with skin symptoms, and documented their different cutaneous lesions and systemic symptoms. We compared subgroups of children with single-system, skin-only, and multisystem disease and sought signs predictive for multisystem disease. In a small sample of patients, BRAF mutations were analyzed in archived biopsies. RESULTS: A wide spectrum of cutaneous presentations varying from crusted nodules and papules, blisters, vascular tumor-like lesions, scaling orange to red macules (frequently in seborrheic regions) to purpuric macules, and papules was documented in our cohort of 32 children. Otitis externa was a common manifestation and mucosal lesions were seen in three patients. A novel manifestation was a red-blue nodule that appeared in a patient after a vaccination. None of the cutaneous lesions was predictive for the classification or final outcome as a single-system or multisystem disease. However, later onset and a more protracted course of skin lesions were more frequent findings in multisystem LCH. Mucosal lesions and otitis externa were almost exclusively seen in patients with multisystem disease, a finding that warrants further investigation. Both wild-type (WT) and mutated BRAF were found not only in multisystem LCH, but also in skin-only LCH. Two cases with rapidly resolving congenital lesions had WT BRAF. CONCLUSIONS: Late onset and a protracted course of skin lesions are associated with MS-LCH, whereas WT BRAF is found in rapidly resolving skin lesions.


Assuntos
Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/patologia , Pele/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Circ Heart Fail ; 7(2): 279-87, 2014 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24519908

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) predicts cardiovascular mortality in the population at large. Less is known about its prognostic value in patients with chronic heart failure (HF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from 836 patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator without or with cardiac resynchronization therapy enrolled in the Sensitivity of the InSync Sentry OptiVol feature for the prediction of Heart Failure (SENSE-HF)(1) study and the Diagnostic Outcome Trial in Heart Failure (DOT-HF) were pooled. The devices continuously measured and stored total daily active time (single-axis accelerometer). Early PA (average daily activity over the earliest 30-day study period) was studied as a predictor of time to death or HF-related hospital admission (primary end point). Data from 781 patients were analyzed (65±10 years; 85% men; left ventricular ejection fraction, 26±7%). Older age, shorter height, ischemic cause, peripheral artery disease, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, rales, peripheral edema, higher New York Heart Association class, lower diastolic blood pressure, and no angiotensin II receptor blocker/angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor use were associated with reduced early PA. The primary end point occurred in 135 patients (15±7 months of follow-up). In multivariable analysis including baseline variables, early PA predicted death or HF hospitalization, with a 4% reduction in risk for each 10 minutes per day additional activity (hazard ratio [HR], 0.96; confidence interval [CI], 0.94-0.98; P=0.0002 compared with a model with the same baseline variables but without PA). PA also predicted death (HR, 0.93; CI, 0.90-0.96; P<0.0001) and HF hospitalization (HR, 0.97; CI, 0.95-0.99; P=0.011). CONCLUSIONS: Early PA, averaged over a 30-day window early after defibrillator implantation or cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with chronic HF, predicted death or HF hospitalization, as well as mortality and HF hospitalization separately, accounting for baseline HF severity. Clinical Trial Registration Information- URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifiers: NCT00400985, NCT00480077.


Assuntos
Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Atividade Motora/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Saúde Global , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Cell Transplant ; 23(9): 1099-110, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23562064

RESUMO

Human multipotent adult progenitor cells (hMAPCs) are isolated from bone marrow with a more extensive expansion capacity compared to human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and with the ability to differentiate into endothelium. Like hMSCs, hMAPCs inhibit T-cell proliferation induced by alloantigens. In this study, we tested the interaction between hMAPCs and natural killer (NK) cells. We assessed the susceptibility of hMAPCs to NK cell-mediated lysis and the immunomodulation of hMAPCs on NK cell function during IL-2-driven stimulation and the cytolytic effector phase. Human MAPCs express the ligands PVR and ULBP-2/5/6, which are recognized by activating NK cell receptors. However, they also express MHC class I molecules, which induce inhibitory signals in NK cells. Freshly isolated NK cells at different effector:target ratios did not kill hMAPCs as assessed by an MTT and (51)Cr-release assay, while hMAPCs impaired the cytotoxic activity of resting NK cells against the NK-sensitive K562 leukemia cell line. By contrast, IL-2-stimulated NK cells were capable of killing hMAPCs, and preactivated NK cells were not influenced during their cytotoxic effector function against K562 cells by hMAPCs. When added during the 6-day preactivation phase with IL-2, hMAPCs dose-dependently reduced NK cell proliferation in an IDO-dependent manner, but they did not influence the induction of cytotoxic capacity by IL-2. This study indicates that human MAPCs mutually interact with NK cells.


Assuntos
Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Células-Tronco Multipotentes/citologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Técnicas de Cocultura , Feminino , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/imunologia , Humanos , Interferon gama/genética , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Interferon gama/farmacologia , Interleucina-2/genética , Interleucina-2/metabolismo , Interleucina-2/farmacologia , Células K562 , Células Matadoras Naturais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Matadoras Naturais/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/citologia , Ligantes , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Masculino , Células-Tronco Multipotentes/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Multipotentes/metabolismo , Subfamília K de Receptores Semelhantes a Lectina de Células NK/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/biossíntese , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia
12.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 61(21): 2153-60, 2013 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23541971

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) on right ventricular (RV) function and the influence of RV dysfunction on the echocardiographic and clinical response to CRT among patients enrolled in the CARE-HF (Cardiac Resynchronization-Heart Failure) trial. BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy prolongs survival in appropriately selected patients with heart failure but the benefit might be diminished in patients with RV dysfunction. METHODS: Of 813 patients enrolled in the CARE-HF study, 688 had tricuspid plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) measured at baseline, and 345 of these were assigned to CRT. Their median (interquartile range) age was 66 (58 to 71) years, left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction was 24% (21% to 28%), and TAPSE was 19 (16 to 22) mm. Baseline LV function and size and QRS duration were similar among TAPSE tertiles, but those in the worst tertile (TAPSE <17.4 mm) were more likely to have ischemic heart disease. RESULTS: Overall, CRT improved LV but not RV structure and function with little evidence of an interaction with TAPSE. During a median (interquartile range) follow-up of 748 (582 to 950) days, 213 deaths occurred. Patients with lower TAPSE had a higher mortality, regardless of assigned treatment (p < 0.001). Greater inter-ventricular mechanical delay, New York Heart Association functional class, mitral regurgitation, and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, lower TAPSE, and assignment to the control group were independently associated with higher mortality. Reduction in mortality with CRT was similar in each tertile of TAPSE. CONCLUSIONS: Right ventricular dysfunction is a powerful determinant of prognosis among candidates for CRT, regardless of treatment assigned, but did not diminish the prognostic benefits of CRT among patients enrolled in the CARE-HF trial. (Care-HF CArdiac Resynchronization in Heart Failure; NCT00170300).


Assuntos
Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Direita/fisiologia , Idoso , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Immunol Cell Biol ; 91(1): 32-9, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23295415

RESUMO

Somatic, also termed adult, stem cells are highly attractive biomedical cell candidates because of their extensive replication potential and functional multilineage differentiation capacity. They can be used for drug and toxicity screenings in preclinical studies, as in vitro model to study differentiation or for regenerative medicine to aid in the repair of tissues or replace tissues that are lost upon disease, injury or ageing. Multipotent adult progenitor cells (MAPCs) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are two types of adult stem cells derived from bone marrow that are currently being used clinically for tissue regeneration and for their immunomodulatory and trophic effects. This review will give an overview of the phenotypic and functional differences between human MAPCs and MSCs, with a strong emphasis on their immunological characteristics. Finally, we will discuss the clinical studies in which MSCs and MAPCs are already used.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Adultas/citologia , Células-Tronco Adultas/imunologia , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/imunologia , Envelhecimento/imunologia , Células da Medula Óssea/imunologia , Diferenciação Celular/imunologia , Humanos , Medicina Regenerativa/métodos
14.
Cell Transplant ; 22(10): 1915-28, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23031260

RESUMO

Multipotent adult progenitor cells (MAPCs) are bone marrow-derived nonhematopoietic stem cells with a broad differentiation potential and extensive expansion capacity. A comparative study between human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and human MAPCs (hMAPCs) has shown that hMAPCs have clearly distinct phenotypical and functional characteristics from hMSCs. In particular, hMAPCs express lower levels of MHC class I than hMSCs and cannot only differentiate into typical mesenchymal cell types but can also differentiate in vitro and in vivo into functional endothelial cells. The use of hMSCs as cellular immunomodulatory stem cell products gained much interest since their immunomodulatory capacities in vitro became evident over the last decade. Currently, the clinical grade stem cell product of hMAPCs is already used in clinical trials to prevent graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), as well as for the treatment of acute myocardial infarct, ischemic stroke, and Crohn's disease. Therefore, we studied the immune phenotype, immunogenicity, and immunosuppressive effect of hMAPCs in vitro. We demonstrated that hMAPCs are nonimmunogenic for T-cell proliferation and cytokine production. In addition, hMAPCs exert strong immunosuppressive effects on T-cell alloreactivity and on T-cell proliferation induced by mitogens and recall antigens. This immunomodulatory effect was not MHC restricted, which makes off-the-shelf use promising. The immunosuppressive effect of hMAPCs is partially mediated via soluble factors and dependent on indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) activity. At last, we isolated hMAPCs, the clinical grade stem cell product of hMAPCs, named MultiStem, and hMSCs from one single donor and observed that both the immunogenicity and the immunosuppressive capacities of all three stem cell products are comparable in vitro. In conclusion, hMAPCs have potent immunomodulatory properties in vitro and can serve as a valuable cell source for the clinical use of immunomodulatory cellular stem cell product.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Multipotentes/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Criança , Citocinas/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Imunossupressão , Indolamina-Pirrol 2,3,-Dioxigenase/metabolismo , Cinurenina/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Células-Tronco Multipotentes/citologia , Linfócitos T/citologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo
15.
Stem Cells ; 29(5): 871-82, 2011 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21433224

RESUMO

Several adherent postnatal stem cells have been described with different phenotypic and functional properties. As many of these cells are being considered for clinical therapies, it is of great importance that the identity and potency of these products is validated. We compared the phenotype and functional characteristics of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), human mesoangioblasts (hMab), and human multipotent adult progenitor cells (hMAPCs) using uniform standardized methods. Human MAPCs could be expanded significantly longer in culture. Differences in cell surface marker expression were found among the three cell populations with CD140b being a distinctive marker among the three cell types. Differentiation capacity towards adipocytes, osteoblasts, chondrocytes, and smooth muscle cells in vitro, using established protocols, was similar among the three cell types. However, only hMab differentiated to skeletal myocytes, while only hMAPCs differentiated to endothelium in vitro and in vivo. A comparative transcriptome analysis confirmed that the three cell populations are distinct and revealed gene signatures that correlated with their specific functional properties. Furthermore, we assessed whether the phenotypic, functional, and transcriptome features were mediated by the culture conditions. Human MSCs and hMab cultured under MAPC conditions became capable of generating endothelial-like cells, whereas hMab lost some of their ability to generate myotubes. By contrast, hMAPCs cultured under MSC conditions lost their endothelial differentiation capacity, whereas this was retained when cultured under Mab conditions, however, myogenic capacity was not gained under Mab conditions. These studies demonstrate that hMSCs, hMab, and hMAPCs have different properties that are partially mediated by the culture conditions.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Células-Tronco/citologia , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Adipócitos/citologia , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Linhagem Celular , Células Cultivadas , Condrócitos/citologia , Citometria de Fluxo , Imunofluorescência , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/citologia , Osteoblastos/citologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
16.
Immunol Lett ; 137(1-2): 78-81, 2011 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21382417

RESUMO

Multipotent adult progenitor cells (MAPC) are clinically being explored as an alternative to mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) for the immunomodulatory control of graft-versus-host disease (GvHD). Here, we performed an explorative study of the immunomodulatory potential of mouse MAPC (mMAPC), in comparison with that of MSC (mMSC) using experimental models of T-cell alloreactivity. Suppressive effects of Oct4-expressing mMAPC have been described previously; here, we studied mMAPC expressing low to no Oct4 ('mClone-3'), recently shown to be most representative for the human MAPC counterpart. mClone-3 and mMSC exhibited similar immunophenotype and in vitro immunogenic behavior. Allogeneic T-cell↔dendritic cell-proliferation assays showed strong dose-dependent T-cell-suppressive effects of both mClone-3 and mMSC. In a popliteal lymph node assay, mClone-3 and mMSC equally suppressed in vivo alloreactive T-cell expansion. We conclude that mouse MAPC and MSC exhibit similar immunosuppressive behavior in in vitro and local in vivo GvHD assays.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Adultas/imunologia , Imunossupressão , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes/imunologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Adultas/transplante , Animais , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Técnicas de Cocultura , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Humanos , Imunidade Celular , Isoantígenos/imunologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fator 3 de Transcrição de Octâmero/biossíntese , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes/transplante , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/patologia
17.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 11(7): 699-705, 2009 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19505883

RESUMO

AIMS: In CARE-HF, cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) lowered morbidity and mortality in patients with moderate to severe heart failure. We examined whether baseline and follow-up electrocardiographic characteristics might predict long-term outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS: CARE-HF randomly assigned 409 patients to medical therapy (MT) plus CRT, and 404 patients to MT alone. Electrocardiographic measurements were made at baseline during sinus rhythm, and at 3 months during paced or spontaneous rhythm depending on treatment assignment. Favourable outcome was defined as freedom from death, urgent transplantation, or cardiovascular hospitalization. Among patients assigned to CRT, 39% had unfavourable outcomes including 55 deaths. By single variable analysis, (i) prolonged PR interval, left QRS axis (but not QRS duration), and left bundle branch block (BBB) at baseline, and (ii) heart rate, PR, and QRS duration at 3 months predicted unfavourable outcome. By multiple variable analysis, treatment assignment (P = 0.0001), PR (P = 0.0004), and right BBB (P < 0.00013) at baseline predicted outcome, whereas baseline JTc and QRS duration at 3 months predicted all-cause mortality and heart failure hospitalization (P = 0.0071). CONCLUSION: In CARE-HF, QRS duration at baseline did not predict outcome, but QRS at 3 months was a predictor by single variable analysis. Patients with prolonged PR interval and the 5% of patients with right BBB had a particularly high event rate.


Assuntos
Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial , Eletrocardiografia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Idoso , Bloqueio de Ramo , Intervalos de Confiança , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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