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1.
J Vasc Surg ; 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601043

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The indication of percutaneous renal transluminal angioplasty (PTRA) in fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is mainly based on renal artery stenosis (RAS) due to atherosclerosis criteria, which are not specific to FMD. Consequently, the selection of patients who could benefit from this treatment and its effectiveness remain uncertain. The aims of this study were to: (1) report the effects of PTRA guided by trans-stenotic pressure measurements on hypertension 7 months after treatment; (2) assess the impact of pressure measurement to guide treatment efficacy in comparison to visual angiographic parameters; and (3) evaluate the reproducibility and accuracy of the stenosis measurement using a 4F catheter in comparison to a pressure guidewire. METHODS: This prospective multi-centric study analyzed 24 patients with hypertension with RAS due to FMD that required PTRA. Clinical, duplex ultrasound, and angiographic indices were collected, and patients were followed up for 7 months (±1 month). Angiographic indices were measured twice both by a pressure guidewire and a 4F catheter. Assessment of procedural and clinical success of angioplasty was performed for all patients. RESULTS: Twenty-three patients (96%) had procedural success (considered as a post-PTRA translesional systolic gradient ≤10 mmHg or reduced by at least 80%) with a significant decrease in the systolic gradient after angioplasty (26.50 mmHg; [interquartile range, 16.75-38.75] vs 0.00 [interquartile range, 0.00-2.00]; P < .01). Three patients (12%) had complications, including two renal artery dissections and one partial renal infarction. Twenty-one patients (88%) were clinical responders to angioplasty at follow-up. Visual stenosis assessment showed a poor correlation with systolic gradient measurement before and after PTRA (R from -0.05 to 0.41; P = 0.06-0.82). High correlations were found between pressure measurements made by a 4F catheter and guidewire (R from 0.64 to 0.89; P ≤ .003). CONCLUSIONS: In patients selected by clinical indicators and duplex ultrasound, reaching a translesional systolic gradient ≤10 mmHg or reduced by at least 80% after angioplasty, promotes a high success rate for PTRA in hypertension due to FMD RAS.

2.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 726967, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34484128

RESUMO

In March 2020, the WHO declared coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), a global pandemic. Obesity was soon identified as a risk factor for poor prognosis, with an increased risk of intensive care admissions and mechanical ventilation, but also of adverse cardiovascular events. Obesity is associated with adipose tissue, chronic low-grade inflammation, and immune dysregulation with hypertrophy and hyperplasia of adipocytes and overexpression of pro-inflammatory cytokines. However, to implement appropriate therapeutic strategies, exact mechanisms must be clarified. The role of white visceral adipose tissue, increased in individuals with obesity, seems important, as a viral reservoir for SARS-CoV-2 via angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptors. After infection of host cells, the activation of pro-inflammatory cytokines creates a setting conducive to the "cytokine storm" and macrophage activation syndrome associated with progression to acute respiratory distress syndrome. In obesity, systemic viral spread, entry, and prolonged viral shedding in already inflamed adipose tissue may spur immune responses and subsequent amplification of a cytokine cascade, causing worse outcomes. More precisely, visceral adipose tissue, more than subcutaneous fat, could predict intensive care admission; and lower density of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) could be associated with worse outcome. EAT, an ectopic adipose tissue that surrounds the myocardium, could fuel COVID-19-induced cardiac injury and myocarditis, and extensive pneumopathy, by strong expression of inflammatory mediators that could diffuse paracrinally through the vascular wall. The purpose of this review is to ascertain what mechanisms may be involved in unfavorable prognosis among COVID-19 patients with obesity, especially cardiovascular events, emphasizing the harmful role of excess ectopic adipose tissue, particularly EAT.


Assuntos
COVID-19/metabolismo , Cardiomiopatias/metabolismo , Gordura Intra-Abdominal/metabolismo , Obesidade/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo/patologia , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/metabolismo , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/imunologia , Cardiomiopatias/imunologia , Cardiomiopatias/patologia , Cardiopatias/imunologia , Cardiopatias/metabolismo , Cardiopatias/patologia , Humanos , Inflamação , Gordura Intra-Abdominal/patologia , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/imunologia , Obesidade/patologia , Pericárdio , Prognóstico , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , Serina Endopeptidases/metabolismo
4.
Rev Cardiovasc Med ; 22(3): 1063-1072, 2021 09 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34565108

RESUMO

We evaluated the age-specific mortality of unselected adult outpatients infected with SARS-CoV-2 treated early in a dedicated COVID-19 day hospital and we assessed whether the use of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) + azithromycin (AZ) was associated with improved survival in this cohort. A retrospective monocentric cohort study was conducted in the day hospital of our center from March to December 2020 in adults with PCR-proven infection who were treated as outpatients with a standardized protocol. The primary endpoint was 6-week mortality, and secondary endpoints were transfer to the intensive care unit and hospitalization rate. Among 10,429 patients (median age, 45 [IQR 32-57] years; 5597 [53.7%] women), 16 died (0.15%). The infection fatality rate was 0.06% among the 8315 patients treated with HCQ+AZ. No deaths occurred among the 8414 patients younger than 60 years. Older age and male sex were associated with a higher risk of death, ICU transfer, and hospitalization. Treatment with HCQ+AZ (0.17 [0.06-0.48]) was associated with a lower risk of death, independently of age, sex and epidemic period. Meta-analysis evidenced consistency with 4 previous outpatient studies (32,124 patients-Odds ratio 0.31 [0.20-0.47], I2 = 0%). Early ambulatory treatment of COVID-19 with HCQ+AZ as a standard of care is associated with very low mortality, and HCQ+AZ improve COVID-19 survival compared to other regimens.


Assuntos
Assistência Ambulatorial , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Azitromicina/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Intervenção Médica Precoce , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , Azitromicina/efeitos adversos , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/mortalidade , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , França , Hospitalização , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
5.
Med Image Anal ; 74: 102213, 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455223

RESUMO

In clinical applications, using erroneous segmentations of medical images can have dramatic consequences. Current approaches dedicated to medical image segmentation automatic quality control do not predict segmentation quality at slice-level (2D), resulting in sub-optimal evaluations. Our 2D-based deep learning method simultaneously performs quality control at 2D-level and 3D-level for cardiovascular MR image segmentations. We compared it with 3D approaches by training both on 36,540 (2D) / 3842 (3D) samples to predict Dice Similarity Coefficients (DSC) for 4 different structures from the left ventricle, i.e., trabeculations (LVT), myocardium (LVM), papillary muscles (LVPM) and blood (LVC). The 2D-based method outperformed the 3D method. At the 2D-level, the mean absolute errors (MAEs) of the DSC predictions for 3823 samples, were 0.02, 0.02, 0.05 and 0.02 for LVM, LVC, LVT and LVPM, respectively. At the 3D-level, for 402 samples, the corresponding MAEs were 0.02, 0.01, 0.02 and 0.04. The method was validated in a clinical practice evaluation against semi-qualitative scores provided by expert cardiologists for 1016 subjects of the UK BioBank. Finally, we provided evidence that a multi-level QC could be used to enhance clinical measurements derived from image segmentations.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34355742

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We investigated the anatomical evolution of residual aortic dissection after type A repair and factors associated with poor prognosis at a high-volume aortic centre. METHODS: Between 2017 and 2019, all type A aortic dissections were included for prospective follow-up. Patients without follow-up computed tomography (CT) scan available for radiological analysis and patients without residual aortic dissection were excluded from this study. The primary end point was a composite end point defined as dissection-related events including aneurysmal evolution (increased diameter > 5 mm/year), aortic reintervention for malperfusion syndrome, aortic diameter >55 mm, rapid aortic growth >10 mm/year or aortic rupture and death. The secondary end points were risk factors for dissection-related events and reintervention analysis. All immediate and last postoperative CT scans were analysed. RESULTS: Among 104 patients, after a mean follow-up of 20.4 months (8-41), the risk of dissection-related events was 46.1% (48/104) and the risk of distal reintervention was 17.3% (18/104). Marfan syndrome (P < 0.01), aortic bicuspid valve (P = 0.038), innominate artery debranching (P = 0.025), short aortic cross-clamp time (P = 0.011), initial aortic diameter >40 mm (P < 0.01) and absence of resection of the primary entry tear (P = 0.015) were associated with an increased risk of dissection-related events or reintervention during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Residual aortic dissection is a serious disease requiring close follow-up at an expert centre. This study shows higher reintervention and aneurysmal development rates than currently published. To improve long-term outcomes, the early demographic and anatomic poor prognostic factors identified may be used for more aggressive treatment at an early phase.

7.
Diagn Interv Imaging ; 102(10): 586-592, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34147390

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation is the most common cause of arrhythmia which is responsible for over 15% of ischemic strokes, most of these being secondary to migration of a left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombus. In patient with contraindication to anticoagulant therapy, percutaneous closure system placement may be indicated. Cardiac computed tomography (CT) angiography plays a central role in the initial assessment as well as in the follow-up. The purpose of the pre-implantation cardiac CT angiography is to evaluate the anatomy of the LAA in order to select the most suitable prosthesis and check for any contraindication to device implantation. Image analysis is divided into four steps that include analysis of the approach; search for a thrombus in the LAA; investigation of the anatomy of the LAA (morphology of the LAA, dimensions of the LAA and choice of device) and cardiac and thoracic assessments. Follow-up involves CT examination to check for correct placement of the device and to detect any complications. On the basis of the results of currently available published research, a panel of experts has issued recommendations regarding cardiac CT angiography prior to percutaneous LAA closure device placement, which were further endorsed by the Société française d'imagerie cardiaque et vasculaire diagnostique et interventionnelle (SFICV).


Assuntos
Apêndice Atrial , Fibrilação Atrial , Angiografia , Apêndice Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Apêndice Atrial/cirurgia , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Humanos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 38(1): 786-794, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34032532

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a safe and effective minimally invasive treatment for pulmonary tumors. Patterns on chest computed tomography (CT) after RFA are classified into five types; however, the follow-up has not been fully described. The objectives of this study were to describe (1) the CT pattern 3 years after RFA and (2) its evolution over 7 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lesions treated with RFA between 2009 and 2017 and with ≥3 years of follow-up CT data were included. Lesions with local recurrences were excluded from the study. The morphology of the ablation zone was classified as nodular, fibrotic, atelectatic, cavitary, and disappeared. Other initial anatomical parameters were recorded. Kruskal-Wallis or Chi-square tests were used to compare the groups. RESULTS: One hundred lung RFA scars were included, and a retrospective longitudinal study was performed. Three years after RFA, nodular, fibrotic, atelectatic, and cavitary scars, and disappearance were observed in 49%, 36%, 5%, 3%, and 6% of the scars, respectively. Evolution over 7 years showed that the fibrosis, atelectasis, and disappearance remained stable over time, whereas 28% of nodular scars evolved into fibrotic scars. Additionally, 45% of cavitary scars evolved into nodular scars. Pleural contact was associated with disappearance, and the use of a 20-mm needle was associated with atelectasis. CONCLUSION: Follow-up after RFA showed that fibrosis, disappearance, and atelectasis remained stable over time. Nodular scars could evolve into fibrotic scars, and cavitary scars could evolve into nodular scars.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Ablação por Radiofrequência , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 61(6): 930-937, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33892987

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There are no recommendations for screening for thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs), even in patients with infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of TAAs in patients with AAAs and to analyse the risk factors for this association. METHODS: This was a multicentre prospective study. The Aortic Concomitant Thoracic and Abdominal Aneurysm (ACTA) study included 331 patients with infrarenal AAAs > 40 mm between September 2012 and May 2016. These patients were prospectively enrolled in three French academic hospitals. RESULTS: Patients were classified as having a normal, aneurysmal, or ectatic (non-normal, non-aneurysmal) thoracic aorta according to their maximum aortic diameter indexed by sex, age, and body surface area. Thoracic aortic ectasia (TAE) was defined as above or equal to the 90th percentile of normal aortic diameters according to gender and body surface area. Descending TAA was defined as ≥ 150% of the mean normal value, and ascending TAA as > 47 mm in men and 42 mm in women; 7.6% (n = 25) had either an ascending (seven cases; 2.2%) or descending aortic TAA (18 cases; 5.4%), and 54.6% (n = 181) had a TAE. Among the 25 patients with TAAs, five required surgery; two patients had TAAs related to penetrating aortic ulcers < 60 mm in diameter, and three had a TAA > 60 mm. In the multinomial regression analysis, atrial fibrillation (AF) (odds ratio [OR] 11.36, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.18 - 59.13; p = .004) and mild aortic valvulopathy (OR 2.89, 1.04-8.05; p = .042) were independent factors associated with TAAs. Age (OR 1.06, CI 1.02 - 1.09; p = .003) and AF (OR 4.36, 1.21 - 15.61; p = .024) were independently associated with ectasia. CONCLUSION: This study confirmed that TAAs coexisting with AAAs are not rare, and one fifth of these TAAs are treated surgically. Systematic screening by imaging the whole aorta in patients with AAAs is clinically relevant and should lead to an effective prevention policy.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Dilatação Patológica/diagnóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/patologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/epidemiologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/patologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/epidemiologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/patologia , Superfície Corporal , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Tamanho do Órgão , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores Sexuais
10.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 75: 531.e19-531.e22, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915254

RESUMO

We report the case of a 57-year-old woman diagnosed with an asymptomatic chronic type B aortic dissection. The maximum aortic diameter was 70 mm in the proximal descending thoracic aorta. The entry tear was located at the aortic isthmus, and the proximal neck included all of the supra-aortic trunks. The targeted proximal neck was ≥ 25 mm. The dissection extended to the infrarenal aorta. The patient was treated with a custom branched aortic graft with two branches, one for the innominate trunk and one for the left common carotid artery, combined with the stent-assisted balloon-induced intimal disruption and relamination technique. This combined technique seemed to provide a proximal seal zone in the arch and allow remodeling of the distal aorta in this patient with aneurysmal type B aortic dissection.

11.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 114(4): 325-335, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33888446

RESUMO

This paper is intended to update the former consensus between the French Societies of Radiology and Cardiology about the use of stress cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in chronic coronary syndrome, published in 2009. The Delphi method was used to build the present consensus. This expert panel consensus includes recommendations for indications, the procedure (with patient preparation), stress-inducing drugs, the acquisition protocol, interpretation and risk stratification by stress magnetic resonance imaging.


Assuntos
Agonistas Adrenérgicos beta/administração & dosagem , Circulação Coronária/efeitos dos fármacos , Hemodinâmica/efeitos dos fármacos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasodilatadores/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Consenso , Técnica Delfos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico
12.
Diagn Interv Imaging ; 102(6): 337-345, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712412

RESUMO

This position paper was intended to update the former consensus between the French Societies of Radiology and Cardiology about the use of stress cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in chronic coronary syndrome published in 2009. The Delphi method was used to build the present consensus. This expert panel consensus includes recommendations for indications, procedure with patient preparation, stress inducing drugs, acquisition protocol, interpretation and risk stratification by stress MRI.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Consenso , França , Humanos , Síndrome
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528720

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Hybrid aortic arch repair in patients with chronic residual aortic dissection (RAD) is a less invasive alternative to conventional surgical treatment. The aim of this study was to describe the short-term and long-term results of hybrid treatment for RAD after type A repair. METHODS: In this retrospective single-center cohort study, all patients treated for chronic RAD with hybrid aortic arch repair were included. Indications for treatment were rapid aortic growth, aortic diameter > 55 mm, or aortic rupture. RESULTS: Between 2009 and 2020, we performed 29 hybrid treatments for chronic RAD. Twenty-four patients were treated for complete supra-aortic debranching in zones 0 and 5 with left subclavian artery debranching alone in zone 2. There was 1 perioperative death (3.4%): The patient was treated for an aortic rupture. There was no spinal cord ischemia and 1 minor stroke (3.4%). After a median follow-up of 25.4 months (range 3-97 months), the long-term mortality was 10.3% (3/29) with no late aortic-related deaths. Twenty-seven patients (93.1%) developed FL thrombosis of the descending thoracic aorta; the rate of aneurysmal progression on thoraco-abdominal aorta was 41.4% (12/29), and the rate of aortic reintervention was 34.5% (10/29). CONCLUSION: In a high-volume aortic center, hybrid repair of RAD is associated with good anatomical results and a low risk of perioperative morbidity and mortality, including that of patients treated in zone 0. A redo replacement of the ascending aortic segment is sometimes necessary to provide a safer proximal landing zone and reduce the risk of type 1 endoleak after TEVAR.

14.
Radiology ; 298(2): E81-E87, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32870139

RESUMO

Background The role and performance of chest CT in the diagnosis of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic remains under active investigation. Purpose To evaluate the French national experience using chest CT for COVID-19, results of chest CT and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assays were compared together and with the final discharge diagnosis used as the reference standard. Materials and Methods A structured CT scan survey (NCT04339686) was sent to 26 hospital radiology departments in France between March 2, 2020, and April 24, 2020. These dates correspond to the peak of the national COVID-19 epidemic. Radiology departments were selected to reflect the estimated geographic prevalence heterogeneities of the epidemic. All symptomatic patients suspected of having COVID-19 pneumonia who underwent both initial chest CT and at least one RT-PCR test within 48 hours were included. The final discharge diagnosis, based on multiparametric items, was recorded. Data for each center were prospectively collected and gathered each week. Test efficacy was determined by using the Mann-Whitney test, Student t test, χ2 test, and Pearson correlation coefficient. P < .05 indicated a significant difference. Results Twenty-six of 26 hospital radiology departments responded to the survey, with 7500 patients entered; 2652 did not have RT-PCR test results or had unknown or excess delay between the RT-PCR test and CT. After exclusions, 4824 patients (mean age, 64 years ± 19 [standard deviation], 2669 male) were included. With final diagnosis as the reference, 2564 of the 4824 patients had COVID-19 (53%). Sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, and positive predictive value of chest CT in the diagnosis of COVID-19 were 2319 of 2564 (90%; 95% CI: 89, 91), 2056 of 2260 (91%; 95% CI: 91, 92), 2056 of 2300 (89%; 95% CI: 87, 90), and 2319 of 2524 (92%; 95% CI: 91, 93), respectively. There was no significant difference for chest CT efficacy among the 26 geographically separate sites, each with varying amounts of disease prevalence. Conclusion Use of chest CT for the initial diagnosis and triage of patients suspected of having coronavirus disease 2019 was successful. © RSNA, 2021 Online supplemental material is available for this article.


Assuntos
COVID-19/diagnóstico por imagem , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Radiografia Torácica/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Adulto Jovem
15.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0241407, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33141845

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose is to assess the ability of low-dose CT (LDCT) to determine lung involvement in SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia and to describe a COVID19-LDCT severity score. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection confirmed by RT-PCR were retrospectively analysed. Clinical data, the National Early Warning Score (NEWS) and imaging features were recorded. Lung features included ground-glass opacities (GGO), areas of consolidation and crazy paving patterns. The COVID19-LDCT score was calculated by summing the score of each segment from 0 (no involvement) to 10 (severe impairment). Univariate analysis was performed to explore predictive factor of high COVID19-LDCT score. The nonparametric Mann-Whitney test was used to compare groups and a Spearman correlation used with p<0.05 for significance. RESULTS: Eighty patients with positive RT-PCR were analysed. The mean age was 55 years ± 16, with 42 males (53%). The most frequent symptoms were fever (60/80, 75%) and cough (59/80, 74%), the mean NEWS was 1.7±2.3. All LDCT could be analysed and 23/80 (28%) were normal. The major imaging finding was GGOs in 56 cases (67%). The COVID19-LDCT score (mean value = 19±29) was correlated with NEWS (r = 0.48, p<0.0001). No symptoms were risk factor to have pulmonary involvement. Univariate analysis shown that dyspnea, high respiratory rate, hypertension and diabetes are associated to a COVID19-LDCT score superior to 50. CONCLUSIONS: COVID19-LDCT score did correlate with NEWS. It was significantly different in the clinical low-risk and high-risk groups. Further work is needed to validate the COVID19-LDCT score against patient prognosis.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Tosse/etiologia , Feminino , Febre/etiologia , Humanos , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Taxa Respiratória , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2 , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto Jovem
16.
Insights Imaging ; 11(1): 117, 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33201409

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Low-dose chest CT (LDCT) showed high sensitivity and ability to quantify lung involvement of COVID-19 pneumopathy. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence and risk factors for lung involvement in 247 patients with a visual score and assess the prevalence of incidental findings. METHODS: For 12 days in March 2020, 250 patients with RT-PCR positive tests and who underwent LDCT were prospectively included. Clinical and imaging findings were recorded. The extent of lung involvement was quantified using a score ranging from 0 to 40. A logistic regression model was used to explore factors associated with a score ≥ 10. RESULTS: A total of 247 patients were analyzed; 138 (54%) showed lung involvement. The mean score was 4.5 ± 6.5, and the mean score for patients with lung involvement was 8.1 ± 6.8 [1-31]. The mean age was 43 ± 15 years, with 121 males (48%) and 17 asymptomatic patients (7%). Multivariate analysis showed that age > 54 years (odds ratio 4.4[2.0-9.6] p < 0.001) and diabetes (4.7[1.0-22.1] p = 0.049) were risk factors for a score ≥ 10. Multivariate analysis including symptoms showed that only age > 54 years (4.1[1.7-10.0] p = 0.002) was a risk factor for a score ≥ 10. Rhinitis (0.3[0.1-0.7] p = 0.005) and anosmia (0.3[0.1-0.9] p = 0.043) were protective against lung involvement. Incidental imaging findings were found in 19% of patients, with a need for follow-up in 0.6%. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of lung involvement was 54% in a predominantly paucisymptomatic population. Age ≥ 55 years and diabetes were risk factors for significant parenchymal lung involvement. Rhinitis and anosmia were protective against LDCT abnormalities.

18.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 113(8-9): 579-586, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32522436

RESUMO

This paper aims to provide a paediatric cardiac computed tomography angiography expert panel consensus based on the opinions of experts from the Société française d'imagerie cardiaque et vasculaire diagnostique et interventionnelle (SFICV) and the Filiale de cardiologie pédiatrique congénitale (FCPC). This expert panel consensus includes recommendations for indications, patient preparation, computed tomography angiography radiation dose reduction techniques and postprocessing techniques. We think that to realize its full potential and to avoid pitfalls, cardiac computed tomography angiography in children with congenital heart disease requires training and experience. Moreover, paediatric cardiac computed tomography angiography protocols should be standardized to acquire optimal images in this population with the lowest radiation dose possible, to prevent unnecessary radiation exposure. We also provide a suggested structured report and a list of acquisition protocols and technical parameters in relation to specific vendors.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/normas , Angiografia Coronária/normas , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/efeitos adversos , Consenso , Angiografia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/terapia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Doses de Radiação , Exposição à Radiação/efeitos adversos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
19.
Travel Med Infect Dis ; 36: 101791, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32593867

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In our institute in Marseille, France, we initiated early and massive screening for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Hospitalization and early treatment with hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin (HCQ-AZ) was proposed for the positive cases. METHODS: We retrospectively report the clinical management of 3,737 screened patients, including 3,119 (83.5%) treated with HCQ-AZ (200 mg of oral HCQ, three times daily for ten days and 500 mg of oral AZ on day 1 followed by 250 mg daily for the next four days, respectively) for at least three days and 618 (16.5%) patients treated with other regimen ("others"). Outcomes were death, transfer to the intensive care unit (ICU), ≥10 days of hospitalization and viral shedding. RESULTS: The patients' mean age was 45 (sd 17) years, 45% were male, and the case fatality rate was 0.9%. We performed 2,065 low-dose computed tomography (CT) scans highlighting lung lesions in 592 of the 991 (59.7%) patients with minimal clinical symptoms (NEWS score = 0). A discrepancy between spontaneous dyspnoea, hypoxemia and lung lesions was observed. Clinical factors (age, comorbidities, NEWS-2 score), biological factors (lymphocytopenia; eosinopenia; decrease in blood zinc; and increase in D-dimers, lactate dehydrogenase, creatinine phosphokinase, troponin and C-reactive protein) and moderate and severe lesions detected in low-dose CT scans were associated with poor clinical outcome. Treatment with HCQ-AZ was associated with a decreased risk of transfer to ICU or death (Hazard ratio (HR) 0.18 0.11-0.27), decreased risk of hospitalization ≥10 days (odds ratios 95% CI 0.38 0.27-0.54) and shorter duration of viral shedding (time to negative PCR: HR 1.29 1.17-1.42). QTc prolongation (>60 ms) was observed in 25 patients (0.67%) leading to the cessation of treatment in 12 cases including 3 cases with QTc> 500 ms. No cases of torsade de pointe or sudden death were observed. CONCLUSION: Although this is a retrospective analysis, results suggest that early diagnosis, early isolation and early treatment of COVID-19 patients, with at least 3 days of HCQ-AZ lead to a significantly better clinical outcome and a faster viral load reduction than other treatments.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Azitromicina/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 113(6-7): 473-484, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32473997

RESUMO

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become the reference imaging technique for the management of a large number of diseases. The number of MRI examinations increases every year, simultaneously with the number of patients receiving a cardiac electronic implantable device (CEID). The presence of a CEID was considered an absolute contraindication for MRI for many years. The progressive replacement of conventional pacemakers and defibrillators by "magnetic resonance (MR)-conditional" CEIDs and recent data on the safety of MRI in patients with "MR-non-conditional" CEIDs have gradually increased the demand for MRI in patients with a CEID. However, some risks are associated with MRI in CEID carriers, even with MR-conditional devices, because these devices are not "MR safe". Specific programming of the device in "MR mode" and monitoring patients during MRI remain mandatory for all patients with a CEID. A standardized patient workflow based on an institutional protocol should be established in each institution performing such examinations. This joint position paper of the Working Group of Pacing and Electrophysiology of the French Society of Cardiology and the French Society of Diagnostic and Interventional Cardiac and Vascular Imaging describes the effect of and risks associated with MRI in CEID carriers. We propose recommendations for patient workflow and monitoring and CEID programming in MR-conditional, "MR-conditional non-guaranteed" and MR-non-conditional devices.


Assuntos
Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Cardioversão Elétrica/instrumentação , Cardiopatias/terapia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Marca-Passo Artificial , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/efeitos adversos , Cardioversão Elétrica/efeitos adversos , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Fatores de Risco
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