Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 334
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061033

RESUMO

Evidence-based recommendations for clinical practice are intended to help health care providers and patients make decisions, minimize inappropriate practice variation, promote effective resource use, improve clinical outcomes, and direct future research. The Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI) has been engaged in the creation and dissemination of clinical guidance documents since the 1990s. These documents are a cornerstone of the society's education, advocacy, and quality improvement initiatives. The publications committee is charged with oversight of SCAI's clinical documents program and has created this manual of standard operating procedures to ensure consistency, methodological rigor, and transparency in the development and endorsement of the society's documents. The manual is intended for use by the publications committee, document writing groups, external collaborators, SCAI representatives, peer reviewers, and anyone seeking information about the SCAI documents program.

2.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(3): e013398, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31983322

RESUMO

Background Postthrombotic syndrome is a common complication of deep vein thrombosis, with limited treatment options. Methods and Results ACCESS PTS (Accelerated Thrombolysis for Post-Thrombotic Syndrome Using the Acoustic Pulse Thrombolysis Ekosonic Endovascular System) is a multicenter, single-arm, prospective study evaluating patients with chronic deep vein thrombosis and postthrombotic syndrome (Villalta score ≥8) who received minimum 3 months of anticoagulation. Patients underwent percutaneous transluminal venoplasty and ultrasound-accelerated thrombolysis, with data collected on clinical characteristics, postthrombotic syndrome, imaging, and quality of life to 1 year. The primary efficacy outcome was a reduction of ≥4 points in the Villalta score 30 days after procedure. The primary safety outcomes were major bleeding episodes within 72 hours and symptomatic pulmonary embolism during the index hospitalization. A total of 82 limbs (78 patients) were treated (age, 54.6±12.7 years; 32.1% women; mean Villalta score, 15.5±5.2). The primary end point was met in 64.6% (51/79). At 1 year, 77.3% (51/66) of limbs continued with a Villalta reduction ≥4. At 365 days, >90% of segments had patency with ultrasound flow present. Baseline to 1-year Physical Component Summary mean score of the Short Form-36 increased from 38.9±9.5 to 45.2±9.8 (P≤0.0001), and mean VEINES-QOL (Venous Insufficiency Epidemiological and Economic Study-Quality of Life) increased from 61.9±19.7 to 82.6±20.8 at 1 year (P<0.0001). Iliofemoral venous stenting was performed in 42 patients, with similar improvements seen in all outcomes, regardless of stenting status. One patient developed severe bleeding within 72 hours of the intervention and died at 32 days after procedure (1.3% mortality rate). Conclusions Percutaneous transluminal venoplasty and ultrasound-accelerated thrombolysis resulted in successful recanalization of chronic venous obstruction with improved postthrombotic syndrome severity and quality of life. Results were sustained at 1-year after procedure. Clinical Trial Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/. Unique identifier: NCT02159521.

3.
Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol ; 43(1): 8-19, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31502026

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Patient-level data from two large studies of the Zilver PTX drug-eluting stent (DES) with long-term follow-up and concurrent non-drug comparator groups were analyzed to determine whether there was an increased mortality risk due to paclitaxel. METHODS: Data from the Zilver PTX randomized controlled trial (RCT) and Zilver PTX and bare metal stent (BMS) Japan post-market surveillance studies were analyzed. Five-year follow-up is complete in both DES studies; follow-up for the BMS study was limited to 3 years and is complete. Kaplan-Meier analyses assessed mortality. A Cox proportional hazards model identified significant factors related to mortality. RESULTS: In the RCT, there were 336 patients treated with the DES and 143 patients treated with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) or BMS. In Japan, there were 904 DES patients and 190 BMS patients. There was no difference in all-cause mortality for the DES compared to PTA/BMS in the RCT (19.1% DES versus 17.1% PTA/BMS through 5 years, p = 0.60) or Japan (15.8% DES versus 15.3% BMS through 3 years, p = 0.89). Cox proportional hazard models revealed that age, tissue loss, and congestive heart failure were significantly associated with mortality in the RCT, and critical limb ischemia, age, renal failure, and gender were significantly associated with mortality in Japan (all p < 0.05). Neither treatment with Zilver PTX (p = 0.46 RCT, p = 0.49 Japan) nor paclitaxel dose (p = 0.86 RCT, p = 0.07 Japan) was associated with mortality. CONCLUSION: Analyses of the Zilver PTX patient-level data demonstrated no increase in long-term all-cause mortality. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Zilver PTX RCT: Level 1, randomized controlled trial; Japan PMS studies: Level 3, post-market surveillance study.

4.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 95(3): 447-454, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31834669

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES AND BACKGROUND: Complex peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and critical limb ischemia (CLI) are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Endovascular techniques have become prevalent in treatment of advanced PAD and CLI, and use of techniques such as tibiopedal minimally invasive revascularization (TAMI), have been proven safe in small, single-center series. However, its use has not been systematically compared to traditional approaches. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a retrospective, multicenter analysis which enrolled 744 patients with advanced PAD and CLI who underwent 1,195 endovascular interventions between January 2013 and April 2018. Data was analyzed based on access used for revascularization: 840 performed via femoral access, 254 via dual access, and 101 via TAMI. The dual access group had the highest median Rutherford Class and lowest number of patent tibial vessels. Median fluoroscopy time, procedure time, hospital stay, and contrast volume were significantly lower in the TAMI access group when compared to both femoral/dual access groups. There was also a significant difference between all groups regarding location of target lesions: Femoropopliteal lesions were most commonly treated via femoral access; infrapopliteal lesions, via TAMI, and multilevel lesions via dual access. CONCLUSIONS: Stand-alone TAMI or tibial access as an integral part of a dual access treatment strategy, is safe and efficacious in the treatment of patients with advanced PAD and CLI who have infrapopliteal lesions. Larger prospective and randomized studies may be useful to further validate this approach.

5.
Vasc Med ; 25(1): 90-91, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686602
6.
J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord ; 8(1): 8-23.e18, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: After deep venous thrombosis (DVT), many patients have impaired quality of life (QOL). We aimed to assess whether pharmacomechanical catheter-directed thrombolysis (PCDT) improves short-term or long-term QOL in patients with proximal DVT and whether QOL is related to extent of DVT. METHODS: The Acute Venous Thrombosis: Thrombus Removal with Adjunctive Catheter-Directed Thrombolysis (ATTRACT) trial was an assessor-blinded randomized trial that compared PCDT with no PCDT in patients with DVT of the femoral, common femoral, or iliac veins. QOL was assessed at baseline and 1 month, 6 months, 12 months, 18 months, and 24 months using the Venous Insufficiency Epidemiological and Economic Study on Quality of Life/Symptoms (VEINES-QOL/Sym) disease-specific QOL measure and the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary general QOL measures. Change in QOL scores from baseline to assessment time were compared in the PCDT and no PCDT treatment groups overall and in the iliofemoral DVT and femoral-popliteal DVT subgroups. RESULTS: Of 692 ATTRACT patients, 691 were analyzed (mean age, 53 years; 62% male; 57% iliofemoral DVT). VEINES-QOL change scores were greater (ie, better) in PCDT vs no PCDT from baseline to 1 month (difference, 5.7; P = .0006) and from baseline to 6 months (5.1; P = .0029) but not for other intervals. SF-36 PCS change scores were greater in PCDT vs no PCDT from baseline to 1 month (difference, 2.4; P = .01) but not for other intervals. Among iliofemoral DVT patients, VEINES-QOL change scores from baseline to all assessments were greater in the PCDT vs no PCDT group; this was statistically significant in the intention-to-treat analysis at 1 month (difference, 10.0; P < .0001) and 6 months (8.8; P < .0001) and in the per-protocol analysis at 18 months (difference, 5.8; P = .0086) and 24 months (difference, 6.6; P = .0067). SF-36 PCS change scores were greater in PCDT vs no PCDT from baseline to 1 month (difference, 3.2; P = .0010) but not for other intervals. In contrast, in femoral-popliteal DVT patients, change scores from baseline to all assessments were similar in the PCDT and no PCDT groups. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with proximal DVT, PCDT leads to greater improvement in disease-specific QOL than no PCDT at 1 month and 6 months but not later. In patients with iliofemoral DVT, PCDT led to greater improvement in disease-specific QOL during 24 months.

7.
Circulation ; 140(14): 1145-1155, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567024

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A recent summary-level meta-analysis comprising randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) of femoropopliteal paclitaxel-coated balloon and stent intervention identified excess late mortality in the paclitaxel-treated patients. METHODS: We evaluated the safety of the Stellarex drug-coated balloon (DCB) for femoropopliteal artery disease with an independently performed meta-analysis of patient-level data from all patients in the Stellarex femoropopliteal clinical program. To compare mortality after DCB or uncoated percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), we aggregated data from 2 RCTs comprising 419 patients treated with DCB and 170 patients treated with PTA. In an additional analysis, data were aggregated from 6 poolable Stellarex DCB studies (2 RCTs, 3 single-arm studies, and 1 registry). All serious adverse events including deaths were adjudicated by a blinded, third-party, independent Clinical Events Committee. Kaplan-Meier estimates in the RCTs were compared with restricted mean survival time. Predictors of death were assessed with hazard ratios (HRs) and Cox proportional hazards modeling. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics were similar in the patients treated with DCB and PTA in the pooled RCT analysis, with the exception that the DCB cohort was younger (67.4±9.7 versus 69.4±9.4 years, P=0.02), smoked more frequently (86.6% versus 78.8%, P=0.02), and were less often treated for recurrent lesions (8.8% versus 14.7%, P=0.04). In the RCTs, patients treated with DCB had all-cause mortality rates that were not different from those of patients treated with PTA (Kaplan-Meier estimates 1.8±0.7% versus 1.3±0.9%, 6.5±1.2% versus 5.9±1.9%, and 9.3±1.5% versus 9.9±2.4% at 1, 2, and 3 years, respectively, P=0.86). All-cause mortality rates were similar in a 1906-patient pooled nonrandomized DCB data set (Kaplan-Meier estimates of 2.1%, 4.9%, and 7.0% at 1, 2, and 3 years, respectively). Clinical Events Committee-adjudicated causes of death were balanced between the DCB and PTA cohorts. Multivariable Cox modeling identified age (HR, 1.06; 95% CI, 1.04-1.08; P<0.001), diabetes mellitus (HR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.01-2.00; P=0.04), congestive heart failure (HR, 1.88; 95% CI, 1.12-3.16; P=0.02), and renal insufficiency (HR, 2.00; 95% CI, 1.33-3.01; P<0.001) as predictors of mortality. Paclitaxel exposure was unrelated to mortality (HR, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.98-1.10; P=0.23). CONCLUSIONS: The mortality rates for patients treated with the DCB and uncoated PTA were indistinguishable over 3-year follow-up. Additional patient-level, adequately powered meta-analyses with larger RCT data sets will be needed to confirm the generalizability of these findings. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifiers: NCT02110524, NCT01858363, NCT01858428, NCT03421561, NCT01912937, NCT01927068, and NCT02769273.

8.
Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes ; 12(10): e005659, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592728

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with acute deep vein thrombosis (DVT), pharmacomechanical catheter-directed thrombolysis (PCDT) in conjunction with anticoagulation therapy is increasingly used with the goal of preventing postthrombotic syndrome. Long-term costs and cost-effectiveness of these 2 treatment strategies from the perspective of the US healthcare system have not been compared. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 2009 and 2014, the ATTRACT trial (Acute Venous Thrombosis: Thrombus Removal With Adjunctive Catheter-Directed Thrombolysis) randomized 692 patients with acute proximal DVT to PCDT plus anticoagulation (n=337) or standard treatment with anticoagulation alone (n=355). Costs (2017 US dollars) were assessed over a 24-month follow-up period using a combination of resource-based costing, hospital bills, Medicare reimbursement rates, and the Drug Topics Red Book. Health state utilities were obtained from the Short Form-36. In-trial results and US life tables were used to develop a Markov cohort model to evaluate lifetime cost-effectiveness. For the PCDT group, mean costs of the initial procedure were $13 600; per-patient costs associated with the index hospitalization were $21 509 for PCDT and $3877 for standard care (difference=$17 632; 95% CI, $16 117-$19 243). The 24-month difference in costs was $20 045 (95% CI, $16 093-$24 120). Utility scores increased significantly between baseline and 6 months for both groups, with no significant differences between groups at any follow-up time point. Projected differences in lifetime costs of $16 740 and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) of 0.08, yield an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio for PCDT of $222 041/QALY gained. In probabilistic sensitivity analysis, the probability that PCDT would achieve a lifetime incremental cost-effectiveness ratio <$50 000/QALY or <$150 000/QALY was 1% and 25%, respectively. For iliofemoral DVT, QALY gains with PCDT were greater, yielding an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of $137 526/QALY; for femoral-popliteal DVT, standard therapy was an economically dominant strategy. CONCLUSIONS: With an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio >$200 000/QALY gained, PCDT is not an economically attractive treatment for proximal DVT. PCDT may be of intermediate value in patients with iliofemoral DVT. Clinical Trial Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00790335.

9.
J Vasc Surg ; 70(4): 1177-1191.e9, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31543165

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Randomized controlled trials have shown that drug-coated balloons (DCBs) provide superior results compared with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for the treatment of femoropopliteal artery disease. However, these trials have generally included short lesions, few occlusions, and small sample sizes. The present study was an individual-level pooled analysis of duplex ultrasonography (DUS) core laboratory-adjudicated and clinical events committee-adjudicated IN.PACT Admiral DCB subjects across two randomized controlled trials and two single-arm prospective studies to characterize the safety and effectiveness of DCB compared with PTA. METHODS: The subjects were treated with DCB (n = 926) or PTA (n = 143). The end points through 12 months included DUS core laboratory-adjudicated primary patency and clinically driven target lesion revascularization (CD-TLR) using Kaplan-Meier estimates and primary safety using proportions. A propensity-matched analysis of DCB (n = 466) to PTA (n = 136) was conducted to address confounders. RESULTS: At 12 months, DCB compared with PTA had significantly greater primary patency (88.8% vs 53.9%; P < .001), freedom from CD-TLR (94.3% vs 80.2%; P < .001), and better primary safety composite end point (94.1% vs 78.0%; P < .001). After propensity-matched analysis, DCB remained superior to PTA at 12 months for primary patency (90.5% vs 53.8%; P < .001), freedom from CD-TLR (96.9% vs 80.7%; P < .001), and the primary safety composite end point (96.3% vs 78.4%; P < .001). Across multiple prespecified subgroup analyses, including provisional stenting, DCB remained persistently superior to PTA. CONCLUSIONS: In the largest, DUS core laboratory-adjudicated, multiethnic, pooled DCB series to date, the IN.PACT Admiral DCB demonstrated significantly greater primary patency, freedom from CD-TLR, and better composite safety at 12 months compared with PTA.

10.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(9): e008097, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31495219

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few studies have compared long-term outcomes among specific treatment modalities for critical limb ischemia. The aim of this study was to compare long-term outcomes with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), stent placement, atherectomy, or surgical bypass in patients diagnosed with critical limb ischemia. METHODS: In this observational study using Medicare claims data, we identified incident cases with a primary critical limb ischemia diagnosis who received PTA, stent placement, atherectomy, or surgical bypass. We used propensity score weighting to determine the association of treatment type with all-cause mortality and major (above ankle) amputation over 4 years follow-up. RESULTS: Among 36 860 patients (10 904 PTA; 11 295 stent placement; 4422 atherectomy; 10 239 surgical bypass), all-cause mortality over 4 years was 49.3% with atherectomy, 51.4% with surgical bypass, 53.7% with stent placement, and 54.7% with PTA (P<0.05 for all pairwise comparisons). Major amputation rates over 4 years were 6.8% with atherectomy, 7.8% with stent placement, 8.1% with PTA, and 10.8% with surgical bypass (P<0.05 for all pairwise comparison except PTA versus stent). CONCLUSIONS: Among Medicare beneficiaries who received PTA, stent placement, atherectomy, or surgical bypass for critical limb ischemia, high mortality and major amputation rates were observed with minor differences among treatment groups. Statistically significant group differences of uncertain clinical importance were observed for several comparisons. Results from observational research may be susceptible to bias because of unmeasured confounders and, therefore, these comparative results should be interpreted with caution.

11.
Am Heart J ; 216: 74-81, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419621

RESUMO

Lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) and cerebrovascular disease (CeVD) are prevalent conditions in the United States, and both are associated with significant morbidity (eg, stroke, myocardial infarction, and limb loss) and increased mortality. With a growth in invasive procedures for PAD and CeVD, this demands a more clear responsibility and introduces an opportunity to study how patients are treated and evaluate associated outcomes. The American College of Cardiology (ACC) National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR) Peripheral Vascular Intervention (PVI) Registry is a prospective, independent collection of data elements from individual patients at participating centers, and it is a natural extension of the already robust NCDR infrastructure. As of September 20, 2018, data have been collected on 45,316 lower extremity PVIs, 12,417 carotid artery stenting procedures, and 11,027 carotid endarterectomy procedures at 208 centers in the United States. The purpose of the present report is to describe the patient and procedural characteristics of the overall cohort and the methods used to design and implement the registry. In collecting these data, ACC and ACC PVI Registry have the opportunity to play a pivotal role in scientific evidence generation, medical device surveillance, and creation of best practices for PVI and carotid artery revascularization.

12.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 31(8): 205-211, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368893

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that a drug-coated balloon (DCB) could improve treatment efficacy while maintaining safety when compared with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for the treatment of atherosclerotic infrapopliteal arterial lesions. METHODS: A total of 442 patients with angiographically significant lesions were randomized (2:1) to DCB or PTA. The primary safety and efficacy endpoints were freedom from major adverse limb events and perioperative death (MALE-POD) at 30 days, and freedom from vessel occlusion, clinically driven target-lesion revascularization (CD-TLR), and above-ankle amputation measured at 6 months. Success was achieved if safety between groups was non-inferior (margin 12%), and efficacy was statistically significant either for the overall intention-to treat (ITT) or the proximal-segment DCB groups (ie, the proximal two-thirds of the below-knee arterial pathways). RESULTS: Freedom from MALE-POD for the DCB group (99.3%) was non-inferior to PTA (99.4%; non-inferiority P<.001). Proportional analysis of the primary efficacy endpoint was statistically significant for the proximal-segment DCB group (76%) vs PTA (62.9%; one-sided P<.01; Bayesian P-value for success of .0085) while not statistically significant for the overall ITT group (74.5% for DCB vs 63.5% for PTA; one-sided P=.02). Kaplan-Meier analyses demonstrated superior efficacy for DCB in both the overall ITT and proximal-segment groups at 6 months. Primary patency and CD-TLR, hypothesis-tested secondary endpoints, were also statistically better for the DCB group compared with PTA at 6 months (one-sided P<.025). CONCLUSIONS: DCB treatment for symptomatic infrapopliteal arterial lesions produced non-inferior safety at 30 days and a statistically significant difference in the primary efficacy endpoint when compared with PTA at 6 months.


Assuntos
Angioplastia/métodos , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Artéria Poplítea/cirurgia , Idoso , Angiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Vasc Med ; 24(5): 442-451, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31354089

RESUMO

Few studies have documented relationships between endovascular therapy, duplex ultrasonography (DUS), post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS), and quality of life (QOL). The Acute Venous Thrombosis: Thrombus Removal with Adjunctive Catheter-Directed Thrombolysis (ATTRACT) trial randomized 692 patients with acute proximal deep vein thrombosis (DVT) to receive anticoagulation or anticoagulation plus pharmacomechanical catheter-directed thrombolysis (PCDT). Compression DUS was obtained at baseline, 1 month and 12 months. Reflux DUS was obtained at 12 months in a subset of 126 patients. Clinical outcomes were collected over 24 months. At 1 month, patients who received PCDT had less residual thrombus compared to Control patients, evidenced by non-compressible common femoral vein (CFV) (21% vs 35%, p < 0.0001), femoral vein (51% vs 70%, p < 0.0001), and popliteal vein (61% vs 74%, p < 0.0001). At 12 months, in the ultrasound substudy, valvular reflux prevalence was similar between groups (85% vs 91%, p = 0.35). CFV non-compressibility at 1 month was associated with higher rates of any PTS (61% vs 46%, p < 0.001), a higher incidence of moderate-or-severe PTS (30% vs 19%, p = 0.003), and worse QOL (difference 8.2 VEINES-QOL (VEnous INsufficiency Epidemiological and Economic Study on Quality of Life) points; p = 0.004) at 24 months. Valvular reflux at 12 months was associated with moderate-or-severe PTS at 24 months (30% vs 0%, p = 0.01). In summary, PCDT results in less residual thrombus but does not reduce venous valvular reflux. CFV non-compressibility at 1 month is associated with more PTS, more severe PTS, and worse QOL at 24 months. Valvular reflux may predispose to moderate-or-severe PTS. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT00790335.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Periférico , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Terapia Trombolítica , Ultrassonografia Doppler Dupla , Trombose Venosa/terapia , Administração Intravenosa , Adulto , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , América do Norte , Síndrome Pós-Trombótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Pós-Trombótica/etiologia , Síndrome Pós-Trombótica/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/fisiopatologia
14.
J Endovasc Ther ; 26(4): 479-489, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31204592

RESUMO

Purpose: To systematically review the literature and extract information on the definitions, prevalence, implications, and treatment of dissections after infrainguinal balloon angioplasty, with a goal of summarizing current data and identifying gaps in knowledge to help direct future research. Materials and Methods: A systematic review was performed according to the PRISMA guidelines. Medline (PubMed), Scopus, and Cochrane CENTRAL databases were reviewed for prospective and retrospective studies reporting dissection identification, characterization, incidence, severity, and/or outcomes after infrainguinal balloon angioplasty up to January 30, 2019. The electronic search resulted in 288 studies. From these, 153 full-text articles were assessed, and 51 published from 1964 to 2018 were selected as relevant to this systematic review. Because of the significant between-study differences in lesion characteristics, reporting methods, and lack of core laboratory adjudication, the findings were summarized from each study, but the results were not pooled. Results: The mechanism of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) consists of adventitial stretching, medial necrosis, and controlled dissection or plaque fracture. PTA-induced dissections can precipitate pathological high and low shear hemodynamic defects and have been implicated as a contributing factor in procedural complications as well as restenosis at the treatment site. The development of significant dissection after PTA often leads to the use of adjunctive therapies, including stent placement. Despite the ubiquitous nature of dissection after balloon angioplasty (incidence 7.4% to 84%), limited data are available to categorize dissections in the peripheral arteries and direct subsequent treatments to improve vessel patency. With the increased utilization of drug-coated balloon angioplasty, understanding the outcomes of postangioplasty dissection has become increasingly important, as the decision to treat dissections with additional strategies has therapeutic and economic implications. Conclusion: All post-PTA dissections in the femoropopliteal arteries may benefit from a treatment approach that ensures optimal hemodynamics with long-term durability in treated lesions. Further understanding the importance of postangioplasty dissections, along with the development of new technologies, will help optimize the patency of endovascular interventions.

15.
J Endovasc Ther ; 26(4): 471-478, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31204595

RESUMO

Purpose: To confirm the safety and effectiveness of the IN.PACT Admiral drug-coated balloon (DCB) as a treatment for de novo and native artery restenotic lesions in the superficial femoral artery (SFA) and/or proximal popliteal artery in Chinese subjects. Materials and Methods: IN.PACT SFA China (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02118532) was a single-arm, independently adjudicated, prospective, premarket study that enrolled 143 subjects (mean age 66.8±7.7 years; 107 men) at 15 centers. The predominant risk factors were hypertension (104, 72.7%) and diabetes mellitus (66, 46.2%). The majority of subjects were classified as Rutherford category 2 or 3 [69 (48.3%) and 55 (38.5%), respectively]; 19 (13.3%) subjects had critical limb ischemia (Rutherford category 4). The mean lesion length was 10.4±6.51 cm; more than half of the lesions (75, 52.4%) were chronic total occlusions. Calcification was found in 66 (46.2%) lesions. Outcomes at 12 months were compared with DCB safety and effectiveness performance goals derived from the literature. The 30-day primary safety outcome was a composite of freedom from device- and procedure-related mortality, major target limb amputation, and clinically-driven target lesion revascularization (CD-TLR). Results: The primary safety outcome was 99.3% at 30 days. Follow-up compliance at 12 months was 92.6%. Estimated 1-year primary patency using Kaplan-Meier analysis was 90.9% and freedom from CD-TLR was 97.1%. The rate of CD-TLR at 12 months was 2.9%. The Rutherford category status improved significantly (p<0.001) between baseline and 12 months. Conclusion: Results from IN.PACT SFA China demonstrated high rates of patency and low rates of CD-TLR in Chinese subjects through 12 months despite patient and lesion complexity. These data are consistent with the results of other IN.PACT DCB trials.

17.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(6): e007702, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31195825

RESUMO

Background While randomized trials have demonstrated the superiority of drug-coated balloon (DCB) angioplasty versus standard percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in patients with femoropopliteal peripheral artery disease, the long-term durability of DCB angioplasty remains uncertain. Methods and Results IN.PACT SFA is a prospective, multicenter, randomized single-blinded trial (Randomized Trial of IN.PACT Admiral Paclitaxel-Coated Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty [PTA] Balloon Catheter vs Standard PTA for the Treatment of Atherosclerotic Lesions in the Superficial Femoral Artery [SFA] and/or Proximal Popliteal Artery [PPA]) that enrolled 331 subjects with symptomatic (Rutherford 2-4) femoropopliteal lesions. Subjects were randomly assigned 2:1 to the IN.PACT Admiral DCB or PTA. Assessments through 5 years included freedom from clinically driven target lesion revascularization, the primary safety end point, and major adverse events. Through 5 years, patients treated with the IN.PACT Admiral DCB demonstrated a sustained treatment effect with superior freedom from clinically driven target lesion revascularization when compared with PTA (Kaplan-Meier estimate of 74.5% versus 65.3%; log-rank P=0.020). The primary safety composite was achieved in 70.7% of subjects in the DCB and 59.6% in the PTA groups ( P=0.068). The major adverse event rate was 42.9% for DCB and 48.1% for PTA ( P=0.459). There were no device- or procedure-related deaths in either group as adjudicated by an independent and blinded Clinical Events Committee. Conclusions The IN.PACT SFA randomized trial demonstrates that the IN.PACT Admiral DCB continues to perform better than PTA through 5 years with higher freedom from clinically driven target lesion revascularization. The sustained safety and effectiveness profile of this DCB supports its use as a preferred treatment choice compared with PTA for femoropopliteal lesions. Clinical Trial Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT01175850 (IN.PACT SFA phase I) and NCT01566461 (IN.PACT SFA phase II).

18.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 73(19): 2477-2486, 2019 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31097169

RESUMO

Peripheral vascular disease affects millions of individuals worldwide, and results in significant morbidity and mortality. The complex nature of the disease, the presence of multiple comorbidities, and the existence of a wide variety of therapeutic options suggests that a multidisciplinary approach to treatment has the potential to improve care of these patients. The success of the heart team for complex coronary artery and structural heart disease could serve as a model for the efficient and effective management of patients with peripheral vascular disease. In this paper, the authors propose a multidisciplinary vascular team approach for the treatment of critical limb ischemia, pulmonary embolism, acute ischemic stroke, and acute aortic syndromes. The successful implementation of such vascular teams has the potential to significantly enhance quality of care, improve clinical outcomes, and reduce costs. Prospective evaluation is warranted to determine how to best integrate this approach into routine clinical care.

19.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 30(6): 822-829.e4, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31031089

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate safety and effectiveness of the iCAST Covered Stent for treatment of iliac artery atherosclerotic lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The iCARUS trial (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00593385) was a single-arm, prospective, multicenter study that enrolled 152 per protocol subjects at 25 sites in the United States and Germany. Subjects with multiple lesions and/or stents were eligible. The primary endpoint was the composite rate of death within 30 days, target lesion revascularization (TLR) within 9 months, or restenosis at 9 months after procedure. Secondary endpoints included major adverse vascular events (MAVEs), primary patency, freedom from TLR, and clinical success. RESULTS: Device and acute procedural success were achieved in 98.7% and 92.7% of cases, respectively. MAVE rate was 4.6% at 30 days. The 9-month primary composite endpoint rate was 8.1% (10/123), which was below the performance goal of 16.57%. Nine-month primary patency, defined as continuous flow without revascularization, bypass, or target limb amputation, was 96.4%. Freedom from TLR at 9 months and 3 years was 97.2% and 86.6%, respectively. Early clinical success was seen in 88.7% of subjects at 30 days with sustained clinical benefit in 72.4% of subjects at 3 years. CONCLUSIONS: The iCARUS study demonstrated that the iCAST Covered Stent was safe and effective for treatment of atherosclerotic iliac artery lesions with sustained clinical benefit out to 3 years.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Artéria Ilíaca , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Stents , Idoso , Amputação , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia com Balão/mortalidade , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
20.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 30(6): 836-844.e1, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30956077

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study sought to assess the performance of the LIFESTREAM balloon-expandable covered stent for the treatment of iliac artery atherosclerotic lesions. METHODS: A total of 155 patients were treated in a prospective, single-arm study at 17 centers in the United States, Europe, and New Zealand. The primary endpoint was a composite of device- or procedure-related death or myocardial infarction (MI) over the course of 30 days, or target lesion revascularization (TLR), major amputation of the target limb, or re-stenosis through 9-months. Secondary endpoints included primary patency, TLR, sustained clinical success, quality of life, and major adverse events (MAE). RESULTS: At 9 months, the primary composite endpoint rate was 16.2% (93.5% confidence interval [CI]: 10.6%-23.2%), primary patency was 89.1% (95% CI: 82.6%-93.7%), and freedom from TLR was 96%. There was a cumulative clinical improvement of at least one Rutherford category from baseline to 9 months of 90.5% (95% CI: 84.3%-94.9%). Quality of life, assessed by using the Walking Impairment Questionnaire (WIQ), demonstrated a mean change in total score from baseline through 9 months of 32.1 ± 26.84; overall, improvements were noted from baseline in each WIQ category. Seven of one-hundred fifty patients (4.7%; 95% CI: 1.9%-9.4%) experienced MAEs, but none were determined to be related to device or procedure. CONCLUSIONS: The LIFESTREAM balloon-expandable covered stent provided satisfactory 9-month clinical outcomes including a low rate of target lesion revascularization for the treatment of stenotic and occlusive lesions of the iliac arteries.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Artéria Ilíaca , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Stents , Idoso , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nova Zelândia , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA