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2.
J Clin Oncol ; : JCO1902778, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045544

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To provide guidelines for the accurate pathologic diagnosis of breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL), the preoperative evaluation of the patient with suspected BIA-ALCL, and the pathologic evaluation of the capsulectomy specimen. METHODS: To better inform patients and healthcare providers about BIA-ALCL, we convened to review diagnostic procedures used in the evaluation of patients with suspected BIA-ALCL. We focused on the processing of the seroma fluid/effusion surrounding the implant, the handling of capsulectomy specimens following removal of implant(s), and the preoperative evaluation of the patient with suspected BIA-ALCL. Recommendations were based on the published literature and our experience to optimize procedures to obtain an accurate diagnosis and assess for tumor invasion and the extent of the disease. RECOMMENDATIONS: Early diagnosis of BIA-ALCL is important as the disease can progress and deaths have been reported. Because the most common presentation of BIA-ALCL is swelling of the breast with fluid collection, an accurate diagnosis requires cytologic evaluation of the effusion fluid surrounding the affected implant. The first priority is cytocentrifugation and filtration of fresh, unfixed effusion fluid to produce air-dried smears that are stained with Wright-Giemsa or other Romanowsky-type stains. Preparation of a cell block is desirable to allow for hematoxylin and eosin staining and immunohistochemical analysis of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded histologic sections. Cell block sections can be used for polymerase chain reaction-based investigation of T-cell receptor gene rearrangement to detect clonality. Fixation and mapping of the capsulectomy specimen to select multiple representative sections are advised to assess for microscopic tumor involvement and capsular invasion. It is appropriate to assess lymph node involvement by excisional biopsy material rather than fine needle aspiration, due to propensity for focal involvement.

3.
Mod Pathol ; 33(Suppl 1): 96-106, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31653979

RESUMO

In recent years great progress has been made in understanding the classification of lymphomas. The integration of morphologic, clinical, immunophenotypic, and molecular features provides a rational basis for defining disease entities and has led to worldwide consensus. Hematopathologists and dermatopathologists have worked together to define those lymphomas that are present most commonly in the skin. Some cutaneous lymphomas have distinctive features and differ from their nodal counterparts. This is most evident in the delineation of primary cutaneous follicle center lymphoma and primary cutaneous marginal zone lymphoma. Both are very indolent, with low risk to spread beyond the skin. Primary cutaneous marginal zone lymphoma shows evidence of immunoglobulin class switching, as distinct from involvement by other extranodal marginal zone lymphomas of MALT type, which may involve the skin secondarily. Some have suggested that primary cutaneous marginal zone lymphoma may be considered a benign clonal expansion, probably driven by antigen. Many cutaneous lymphomas share biological and clinical features with their systemic counterparts. For example, primary cutaneous large B-cell lymphoma, leg type, exhibits a similar gene expression and molecular profile as diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the activated B-cell type, especially for those cases arising in other extranodal sites. In addition, Epstein-Barr virus plays a role in many cutaneous lesions including mucocutaneous ulcer, plasmablastic lymphoma, and even some cases of marginal zone lymphoma. These EBV-driven conditions may present primarily in the skin, but also involve other mainly extranodal sites. Thus, it is evident that some cutaneous and systemic lymphomas are driven by common pathogenetic mechanisms, necessitating an integrated approach for the classification of lymphoma in all sites.

4.
Blood ; 135(4): 274-286, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738823

RESUMO

Pediatric large B-cell lymphomas (LBCLs) share morphological and phenotypic features with adult types but have better prognosis. The higher frequency of some subtypes such as LBCL with IRF4 rearrangement (LBCL-IRF4) in children suggests that some age-related biological differences may exist. To characterize the genetic and molecular heterogeneity of these tumors, we studied 31 diffuse LBCLs (DLBCLs), not otherwise specified (NOS); 20 LBCL-IRF4 cases; and 12 cases of high-grade B-cell lymphoma (HGBCL), NOS in patients ≤25 years using an integrated approach, including targeted gene sequencing, copy-number arrays, and gene expression profiling. Each subgroup displayed different molecular profiles. LBCL-IRF4 had frequent mutations in IRF4 and NF-κB pathway genes (CARD11, CD79B, and MYD88), losses of 17p13 and gains of chromosome 7, 11q12.3-q25, whereas DLBCL, NOS was predominantly of germinal center B-cell (GCB) subtype and carried gene mutations similar to the adult counterpart (eg, SOCS1 and KMT2D), gains of 2p16/REL, and losses of 19p13/CD70. A subset of HGBCL, NOS displayed recurrent alterations of Burkitt lymphoma-related genes such as MYC, ID3, and DDX3X and homozygous deletions of 9p21/CDKN2A, whereas other cases were genetically closer to GCB DLBCL. Factors related to unfavorable outcome were age >18 years; activated B-cell (ABC) DLBCL profile, HGBCL, NOS, high genetic complexity, 1q21-q44 gains, 2p16/REL gains/amplifications, 19p13/CD70 homozygous deletions, and TP53 and MYC mutations. In conclusion, these findings further unravel the molecular heterogeneity of pediatric and young adult LBCL, improve the classification of this group of tumors, and provide new parameters for risk stratification.

5.
Mod Pathol ; 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31822802

RESUMO

Although the distinction of classical Hodgkin lymphoma from nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma using morphology and immunostains is straightforward in most instances, occasional cases pose diagnostic challenge. We sought to determine the utility of the novel YE361 STAT6 rabbit monoclonal antibody in Hodgkin lymphoma and diagnostically challenging B- and T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma entities with Hodgkin-like features. Cases from seven institutions included: 57 classical Hodgkin lymphomas (31% EBV+), 34 nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphomas, 34 mimicking B- and T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas, and 7 reactive lymphoproliferations. After review of histology, STAT6YE361 immunostaining was performed. The intensity and spatial localization of immunopositivity was assessed in neoplastic cells. Additional FISH for programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) was performed in one patient in paired treatment-naive and relapse biopsy tissues. Two STAT6YE361 immunopositive cases were examined by whole-exome sequencing after flow sorting to assess mutations in STAT6 pathway genes. Most classical Hodgkin lymphomas showed nuclear staining for STAT6YE361 [46/57 cases (80%)] on Hodgkin cells. Staining was exclusively nuclear in a minority [12/46 (26%)], while dual nuclear and cytoplasmic localization was more common [34/46 (74%)]. In contrast, all nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphomas [0/34 (0%)] were negative for nuclear STAT6YE361 staining on the lymphocyte predominant cells. Within B- and T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas, nuclear STAT6YE361 was seen in: B-cell lymphoma unclassifiable with features intermediate between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and classical Hodgkin lymphoma, and in primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma. Strong PD-L1 gene amplification was noted in the paired cHL and relapse B-cell lymphoma unclassifiable with features intermediate between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and classical Hodgkin lymphoma, although STAT6YE361 was negative in both biopsies. Whole-exome sequencing identified mutations in B2M, XPO1, and ITPKB as well CISHP213L (in the STAT pathway) in one classical Hodgkin lymphoma patient positive for nuclear STAT6YE361 although no underlying STAT6 mutations were observed in either sample examined. STAT6YE361 nuclear staining has 100% positive predictive value and 85.7% negative predictive value in confirming or excluding classical Hodgkin lymphoma diagnosis in the distinction from nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma and other benign and malignant entities.

6.
Blood ; 134(24): 2226, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31830280
7.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-12, 2019 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833428

RESUMO

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) normally infects B cells, but in some persons the virus infects T or NK cells. Infection of B cells can result in infectious mononucleosis, and the virus is associated with several B cell malignancies including Hodgkin lymphoma, Burkitt lymphoma, and diffuse large B cell lymphoma. Infection of T or NK cells with EBV is associated with extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, aggressive NK-cell leukemia, systemic EBV-associated T-cell lymphoma, and chronic active EBV disease, which in some cases can include hydroa vacciniforme-like lymphoproliferative disease and severe mosquito bite allergy. While NK and T cell lymphoproliferative disease is more common in Asia and Latin America, increasing numbers of cases are being reported from the United States and Europe. This review focuses on classification, clinical findings, pathogenesis, and recent genetic advances in NK and T cell lymphoproliferative diseases associated with EBV.

8.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31764221

RESUMO

The diagnosis of nodal marginal zone lymphoma (NMZL) can be challenging, with the differential diagnosis including other low-grade B-cell lymphomas, reactive hyperplasia, and even some cases of peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL). PTCL may have a perifollicular growth pattern mimicking NMZL. We and others have noted an atypical distribution of T-follicular helper (TFH) cells in some cases of NMZL. This study was prompted by the diagnosis of NMZL in several cases in which a marked increase of TFH cells, as determined by staining for programmed death-1 (PD1), had prompted suspicion for a diagnosis of PTCL. We analyzed PD1 staining in 48 cases of NMZL to characterize the extent and pattern of the PD1-positive infiltrate. Three main patterns of PD1 staining were identified: follicular pattern (peripheral, n=16; central, n=9; mixed, n=3), diffuse pattern (n=4), and a reduced or normal staining pattern in residual follicles (n=16). A comprehensive analysis of other TFH markers was undertaken in 14 cases with a high content of PD1-positive cells that were confirmed as B-cell lymphoma by clonality analysis. We describe in detail 5 of these cases in which PTCL was an initial consideration. This study illuminates the diverse immunohistochemical patterns encountered in NMZL and highlights a diagnostic pitfall important for diagnostic accuracy.

9.
Virchows Arch ; 475(6): 771-779, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686194

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to review the histopathological, phenotypic, and molecular characteristics of pediatric-type follicular lymphoma (PTFL) and to assess the diagnostic value of novel immunohistochemical markers in distinguishing PTFL from follicular hyperplasia (FH). A total of 13 nodal PTFLs were investigated using immunohistochemistry, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and PCR and were compared with a further 20 reactive lymph nodes showing FH. Morphologically, PTFL cases exhibited a follicular growth pattern with irregular lymphoid follicles in which the germinal centers were composed of numerous blastoid cells showing a starry-sky appearance. Immunohistochemistry highlighted preserved CD10 (13/13) and BCL6 (13/13) staining, CD20 (13/13) positivity, a K light chain predominance (7/13), and partial BCL2 expression in 6/13 cases (using antibodies 124, E17, and SP66). The germinal center (GC)-associated markers stathmin and LLT-1 were positive in most of the cases (12/13 and 12/13, respectively). Interestingly, FOXP-1 was uniformly positive in PTFL (12/13 cases) in contrast to reactive GCs in FH, where only a few isolated positive cells were observed. FISH revealed no evidence of BCL2, BCL6, or MYC rearrangements in the examined cases. By PCR, clonal immunoglobulin gene rearrangements were detected in 100% of the tested PTFL cases. Our study confirmed the unique morphological and immunophenotypic features of PTFL and suggests that FOXP-1 can represent a novel useful diagnostic marker in the differential diagnosis between PTFL and FH.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Linfoma de Células B/patologia , Linfoma Folicular/metabolismo , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica/métodos , Imunofenotipagem/métodos , Linfoma de Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células B/metabolismo , Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Masculino , Estatmina/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
10.
Clin Nucl Med ; 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693620

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is a rare immune dysregulatory condition, usually presenting in childhood with massive lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, and an increased incidence of lymphoma. Methods to differentiate between benign ALPS adenopathy and lymphoma are needed. To this end, we evaluated the usefulness of FDG PET. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 76 ALPS/ALPS-like patients including FS-7-associated surface antigen (FAS) germline mutation with (n = 4) and without lymphoma (n = 50), FAS-somatic (n = 6), ALPS-unknown (n = 6), and others (n = 10) who underwent FDG PET. Uptakes in 14 nodal sites, liver, and spleen were determined. RESULTS: In 76 ALPS patients, FDG PET showed uptake in multiple nodal sites in all but 1 patient. The highest SUVmax values in FAS mutation without lymphoma, FAS mutation with lymphoma, FAS somatic, ALPS-unknown, and other genetic mutations were a median (range) 9.2 (4.3-25), 16.2 (10.7-37.2), 7.6 (4.6-18.1), 11.5 (4.8-17.2), and 5.5 (0-15.3), respectively. Differences between uptake in the FAS group with and without lymphoma were statistically significant, but overlapped, making discrimination between individuals with/without lymphoma impossible. The spleen:liver uptake ratio was greater than 1 in 82% of patients. CONCLUSIONS: While statistically significant differences were observed in FAS mutation ALPS with and without lymphoma, the significant overlap in FDG uptake and visual appearance in many patients prevents discrimination between patients with and without lymphoma. Similar patterns of FDG biodistribution were noted between the various ALPS subgroups.

11.
Clin Nucl Med ; 44(12): 949-955, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689275

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is a rare immune dysregulatory condition, usually presenting in childhood with massive lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, and an increased incidence of lymphoma. Methods to differentiate between benign ALPS adenopathy and lymphoma are needed. To this end, we evaluated the usefulness of FDG PET. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 76 ALPS/ALPS-like patients including FS-7-associated surface antigen (FAS) germline mutation with (n = 4) and without lymphoma (n = 50), FAS-somatic (n = 6), ALPS-unknown (n = 6), and others (n = 10) who underwent FDG PET. Uptakes in 14 nodal sites, liver, and spleen were determined. RESULTS: In 76 ALPS patients, FDG PET showed uptake in multiple nodal sites in all but 1 patient. The highest SUVmax values in FAS mutation without lymphoma, FAS mutation with lymphoma, FAS somatic, ALPS-unknown, and other genetic mutations were a median (range) 9.2 (4.3-25), 16.2 (10.7-37.2), 7.6 (4.6-18.1), 11.5 (4.8-17.2), and 5.5 (0-15.3), respectively. Differences between uptake in the FAS group with and without lymphoma were statistically significant, but overlapped, making discrimination between individuals with/without lymphoma impossible. The spleen:liver uptake ratio was greater than 1 in 82% of patients. CONCLUSIONS: While statistically significant differences were observed in FAS mutation ALPS with and without lymphoma, the significant overlap in FDG uptake and visual appearance in many patients prevents discrimination between patients with and without lymphoma. Similar patterns of FDG biodistribution were noted between the various ALPS subgroups.


Assuntos
Síndrome Linfoproliferativa Autoimune/diagnóstico por imagem , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Adolescente , Adulto , Síndrome Linfoproliferativa Autoimune/complicações , Síndrome Linfoproliferativa Autoimune/genética , Síndrome Linfoproliferativa Autoimune/metabolismo , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/farmacocinética , Humanos , Linfoma/complicações , Masculino , Mutação , Esplenomegalia/complicações , Distribuição Tecidual , Adulto Jovem , Receptor fas/genética
12.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609783

RESUMO

Natural killer (NK) cell enteropathy is a lymphoproliferative disorder, initially described by Mansoor and colleagues, that presents in the gastrointestinal tract, and is often mistaken for extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma on first assessment. This population of cells in this process have an NK-cell phenotype (CD3, CD56, CD2, CD7), lacks evidence of Epstein-Barr virus infection, has germline rearrangement of the T-cell receptor, and a very indolent clinical course. Indeed, many of such patients had been originally diagnosed as having an NK/T-cell lymphoma, and subsequently received chemotherapy. We report a unique case where an indolent lymphoproliferative disorder with features that resemble NK-cell enteropathy is encountered for the first time outside the gastrointestinal tract, specifically in the female genitourinary tract. We provide morphologic, immunophenotypic, and molecular documentation of such, in association with a completely indolent clinical behavior of this type of process.

14.
Blood ; 134(24): 2159-2170, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562134

RESUMO

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) is a heterogeneous group of mature T-cell malignancies; approximately one-third of cases are designated as PTCL-not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS). Using gene-expression profiling (GEP), we have previously defined 2 major molecular subtypes of PTCL-NOS, PTCL-GATA3 and PTCL-TBX21, which have distinct biological differences in oncogenic pathways and prognosis. In the current study, we generated an immunohistochemistry (IHC) algorithm to identify the 2 subtypes in paraffin tissue using antibodies to key transcriptional factors (GATA3 and TBX21) and their target proteins (CCR4 and CXCR3). In a training cohort of 49 cases of PTCL-NOS with corresponding GEP data, the 2 subtypes identified by the IHC algorithm matched the GEP results with high sensitivity (85%) and showed a significant difference in overall survival (OS) (P = .03). The IHC algorithm classification showed high interobserver reproducibility among pathologists and was validated in a second PTCL-NOS cohort (n = 124), where a significant difference in OS between the PTCL-GATA3 and PTCL-TBX21 subtypes was confirmed (P = .003). In multivariate analysis, a high International Prognostic Index score (3-5) and the PTCL-GATA3 subtype identified by IHC were independent adverse predictors of OS (P = .0015). Additionally, the 2 IHC-defined subtypes were significantly associated with distinct morphological features (P < .001), and there was a significant enrichment of an activated CD8+ cytotoxic phenotype in the PTCL-TBX21 subtype (P = .03). The IHC algorithm will aid in identifying the 2 subtypes in clinical practice, which will aid the future clinical management of patients and facilitate risk stratification in clinical trials.

17.
Haematologica ; 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439678

RESUMO

Histiocytic sarcoma is a rare malignant neoplasm that may occur de novo or in the context of a previous hematologic malignancy or mediastinal germ cell tumor. Here, we performed whole exome sequencing and RNA-Seq on twenty-one archival cases of primary histiocytic sarcoma. We identified a high number of genetic alterations within the RAS-RAF-MAPK pathway in 21/21 cases, with alterations in NF1 (6/21), MAP2K1 (5/21), PTPN11 (4/21), BRAF (4/21), KRAS (4/21), NRAS (1/21) and LZTR1 (1/21), including single cases with homozygous deletion of NF1, high-level amplification of PTPN11 and a novel TTYH3-BRAF fusion. Concurrent NF1 and PTPN11 mutations were present in 3/21 cases, and 5/7 cases with alterations in NF1 and/or PTPN11 had disease involving the gastrointestinal tract. Following unsupervised clustering of gene expression data, cases with NF1 and/or PTPN11 abnormalities formed a distinct tumor subgroup. A subset of NF1/PTPN11 wild-type cases had frequent mutations in B-cell lymphoma associated genes and/or clonal IG gene rearrangements. Our findings expand the current understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of this rare tumor and suggest the existence of a distinct subtype of primary histiocytic sarcoma characterized by NF1/PTPN11 alterations with predilection for the gastrointestinal tract.

18.
Blood ; 133(26): 2753-2764, 2019 06 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31064750

RESUMO

Patients with classic hydroa vacciniforme-like lymphoproliferative disorder (HVLPD) typically have high levels of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA in T cells and/or natural killer (NK) cells in blood and skin lesions induced by sun exposure that are infiltrated with EBV-infected lymphocytes. HVLPD is very rare in the United States and Europe but more common in Asia and South America. The disease can progress to a systemic form that may result in fatal lymphoma. We report our 11-year experience with 16 HVLPD patients from the United States and England and found that whites were less likely to develop systemic EBV disease (1/10) than nonwhites (5/6). All (10/10) of the white patients were generally in good health at last follow-up, while two-thirds (4/6) of the nonwhite patients required hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Nonwhite patients had later age of onset of HVLPD than white patients (median age, 8 vs 5 years) and higher levels of EBV DNA (median, 1 515 000 vs 250 000 copies/ml) and more often had low numbers of NK cells (83% vs 50% of patients) and T-cell clones in the blood (83% vs 30% of patients). RNA-sequencing analysis of an HVLPD skin lesion in a white patient compared with his normal skin showed increased expression of interferon-γ and chemokines that attract T cells and NK cells. Thus, white patients with HVLPD were less likely to have systemic disease with EBV and had a much better prognosis than nonwhite patients. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00369421 and #NCT00032513.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/patologia , Hidroa Vaciniforme/virologia , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/patologia , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/virologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/etnologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/imunologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Feminino , Humanos , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/etnologia , Masculino
20.
Histopathology ; 75(2): 282-286, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30938862

RESUMO

Intravascular large B cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) is a rare, aggressive, extranodal large B cell lymphoma characterised by growth of tumour cells within the lumen of vessels, particularly capillaries. Programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) is a cell surface glycoprotein that interacts with programmed death 1 (PD-1) on the T cell surface, leading to modulation of the immune response. PD-L1 is a targetable immune check-point molecule that is expressed on neoplastic cells in various cancers, including a subset of lymphomas. We correlated the expression of PD-L1 with clinical and pathological findings in this rare disease. Eleven cases of IVLBCL were identified in the archives of Laboratory of Pathology at the National Cancer Institute, NIH. A panel of immunostains (CD20, CD3, CD5, PD-L1) was performed. The cases were classified as the classic form or the variant associated with haemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) based on published 2017 WHO criteria. Three cases (27.3%) were HPS variant and eight cases (72.7%) were the classic form. Five (45.5%) of 11 cases were CD5-positive; two of three (66%) were HPS variants and three of eight (37.5%) were classic form. Overall, four of nine evaluable cases (44.4%) were positive for PD-L1, three of which were classic. Only one CD5-positive case was PD-L1-positive, a classic variant. In summary, a subset of IVLBCL express PD-L1. Although limited, these data suggest that PD-L1 is expressed in both the so-called classic form as well as the HPS variant. PD-L1 is expressed irrespective of CD5 expression. Finally, detection of PD-L1 expression in a subset of IVLBCL lymphoma cases may identify patients who might benefit from targeted immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/biossíntese , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Idoso , Antígeno B7-H1/análise , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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