Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 93
Filtrar
1.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33493488

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer risk in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers has been shown to decrease with longer duration of oral contraceptive use. Although the effects of using oral contraceptives in the general population are well established (approximately 50% risk reduction in ovarian cancer), the estimated risk reduction in mutation carriers is much less precise because of potential bias and small sample sizes. In addition, only a few studies on oral contraceptive use have examined the associations of duration of use, time since last use, starting age, and calendar year of start with risk of ovarian cancer. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate in more detail the associations of various characteristics of oral contraceptive use and risk of ovarian cancer, to provide healthcare providers and carriers with better risk estimates. STUDY DESIGN: In this international retrospective study, ovarian cancer risk associations were assessed using oral contraceptives data on 3989 BRCA1 and 2445 BRCA2 mutation carriers. Age-dependent-weighted Cox regression analyses were stratified by study and birth cohort and included breast cancer diagnosis as a covariate. To minimize survival bias, analyses were left truncated at 5 years before baseline questionnaire. Separate analyses were conducted for each aspect of oral contraceptive use and in a multivariate analysis, including all these aspects. In addition, the analysis of duration of oral contraceptive use was stratified by recency of use. RESULTS: Oral contraceptives were less often used by mutation carriers who were diagnosed with ovarian cancer (ever use: 58.6% for BRCA1 and 53.5% BRCA2) than by unaffected carriers (ever use: 88.9% for BRCA1 and 80.7% for BRCA2). The median duration of use was 7 years for both BRCA1 and BRCA2 carriers who developed ovarian cancer and 9 and 8 years for unaffected BRCA1 and BRCA2 carriers with ovarian cancer, respectively. For BRCA1 mutation carriers, univariate analyses have shown that both a longer duration of oral contraceptive use and more recent oral contraceptive use were associated with a reduction in the risk of ovarian cancer. However, in multivariate analyses, including duration of use, age at first use, and time since last use, duration of oral contraceptive use proved to be the prominent protective factor (compared with <5 years: 5-9 years [hazard ratio, 0.67; 95% confidence interval, 0.40-1.12]; >10 years [hazard ratio, 0.37; 95% confidence interval, 0.19-0.73]; Ptrend=.008). The inverse association between duration of use and ovarian cancer risk persisted for more than 15 years (duration of ≥10 years; BRCA1 <15 years since last use [hazard ratio, 0.24; 95% confidence interval, 0.14-0.43]; BRCA1 >15 years since last use [hazard ratio, 0.56; 95% confidence interval, 0.18-0.59]). Univariate results for BRCA2 mutation carriers were similar but were inconclusive because of limited sample size. CONCLUSION: For BRCA1 mutation carriers, longer duration of oral contraceptive use is associated with a greater reduction in ovarian cancer risk, and the protection is long term.

2.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33514525

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Detection of leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) is hampered by limited sensitivities of currently used techniques: MRI and cytology of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Detection of cell-free tumor DNA (ctDNA) in CSF has been proposed as a tumor specific candidate to detect LM at an earlier stage. The aim of this study was to investigate mutation and aneuploidy status in CSF-derived cfDNA of breast cancer patients with a clinical suspicion of LM. METHODS: Cell-free DNA was isolated from stored remnant CSF and analyzed by targeted next generation sequencing (NGS) (n=30) and the modified Fast Aneuploidy Screening Test-Sequencing System (mFAST-SeqS) (n=121). The latter method employs selective amplification of long interspaced nuclear elements (LINE-1)-sequences which are present throughout the genome and allows for fast and cheap detection of aneuploidy. We compared these results with the gold standard to diagnose LM: cytology. RESULTS: LM was cytology-proven in 13 of 121 patients. Low DNA yields resulted in insufficient molecular coverage of NGS for the majority of samples (success rate 8/30). The mFAST-SeqS method, successful in 112/121 (93%) samples, detected genome-wide aneuploidy in 24 patients. Ten of these patients had cytology-proven LM, 8 additional patients were either concurrently diagnosed with CNS metastases by radiological means or developed these soon after the LP. The remaining 6 cases were suspected of LM but could not be confirmed by cytology or imaging. Aneuploidy was associated with development of LM and significantly worse overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: Aneuploidy in CSF-derived cfDNA may provide a promising biomarker to improve timely detection of LM.

3.
Drugs ; 2020 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33369721

RESUMO

The cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitors belong to a new class of drugs that interrupt proliferation of malignant cells by inhibiting progression through the cell cycle. Three such inhibitors, palbociclib, ribociclib, and abemaciclib were recently approved for breast cancer treatment in various settings and combination regimens. On the basis of their impressive efficacy, all three CDK4/6 inhibitors now play an important role in the treatment of patients with HR+, HER2- breast cancer; however, their optimal use still needs to be established. The three drugs have many similarities in both pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. However, there are some differences on the basis of which the choice for a particular CDK4/6 inhibitor for an individual patient can be important. In this article, the clinical pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profiles of the three CDK4/6 inhibitors are reviewed and important future directions of the clinical applicability of CDK4/6 inhibitors will be discussed.

6.
Cancer Treat Rev ; 91: 102114, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33161237

RESUMO

AIM: Oligometastatic breast cancer (OMBC) is a disease-entity with potential for long-term remission in selected patients. Those with truly limited metastatic load (rather than occult widespread metastatic disease) may benefit from multimodality treatment including local ablative therapy of distant metastases. In this systematic review, we studied factors associated with long-term survival in patients with OMBC. METHODS: Eligible studies included patients with OMBC who received a combination of local and systemic therapy as multimodal approach and reported overall survival (OS) or progression-free survival (PFS), or both. The Quality in Prognosis Studies (QUIPS) tool was used to assess the quality of each included study. Independent prognostic factors for OS and/or PFS are summarized. RESULTS: Of 1271 screened abstracts, 317 papers were full-text screened and twenty studies were included. Eleven of twenty studies were classified as acceptable quality. Definition of OMBC varied between studies and mostly incorporated the number and/or location of metastases. The 5-year OS ranged between 30 and 79% and 5-year PFS ranged between 25 and 57%. Twelve studies evaluated prognostic factors for OS and/or PFS in multivariable models. A solitary metastasis, >24 months interval between primary tumor and OMBC, no or limited involved axillary lymph nodes at primary diagnosis, and hormone-receptor positivity were associated with better outcome. HER2-positivity was associated with worse outcome, but only few patients received anti-HER2 therapy. CONCLUSIONS: OMBC patients with a solitary distant metastasis and >24 months disease-free interval have the best OS and may be optimal candidates to consider a multidisciplinary approach.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32964358

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Anthracyclines and trastuzumab can increase the risk of heart failure (HF), but long-term cardiotoxicity data in breast cancer (BC) patients treated at younger ages are limited. Furthermore, it is unknown whether aromatase inhibitors are associated with HF risk. METHODS: HF risk was studied in a multicenter cohort of BC survivors treated during 2000-2009, at age < 61 years. Information on treatment and cardiovascular disease incidence was collected through medical records, general practitioners and cardiologists. Analyses included multivariable Cox regression and cumulative incidence curves. RESULTS: In total, 10,209 women with a median age at BC diagnosis of 50.3 years and a median follow-up of 8.9 years were enrolled in the study. Anthracycline-based chemotherapy was associated with HF (hazard ratio [HR] 2.18, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.41-3.39) and risk increased with increasing cumulative anthracycline dose. For trastuzumab, HF risk was highest within the first 2 years after treatment (HR0-2 years: 13.06, 95% CI 5.70-29.92) and decreased thereafter (HR2-4 years: 4.84, 95% CI 1.99-11.75 and HR≥4 years: 0.64, 95% CI 0.23-1.81). The 10-year cumulative incidence of HF was 4.8% (95% CI 3.2-6.8) among patients treated with anthracyclines and trastuzumab. One-third of patients who developed HF after trastuzumab had long-term impaired cardiac function. Patients treated with aromatase inhibitors alone also had higher HF risk (HR 2.18, 95% CI 1.24-3.82) compared to patients not receiving endocrine therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Our results stress the importance of considering anthracycline-free regimens in BC patients who need trastuzumab-containing treatment. The association between aromatase inhibitors and HF needs confirmation.

8.
Value Health ; 23(9): 1191-1199, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32940237

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Hospital comparisons to improve quality of care require valid and reliable quality indicators. We aimed to test the validity and reliability of 6 breast cancer indicators by quantifying the influence of case-mix and random variation. METHODS: The nationwide population-based database included 79 690 patients with breast cancer from 91 Dutch hospitals between 2011 and 2016. The indicator-scores calculated were: (1) irradical breast-conserving surgery (BCS) for invasive disease, (2) irradical BCS for ductal carcinoma-in-situ, (3) breast contour-preserving treatment, (4) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before neo-adjuvant chemotherapy, (5) radiotherapy for locally advanced disease, and (6) surgery within 5 weeks from diagnosis. Case-mix and random variation adjustments were performed by multivariable fixed and random effect logistic regression models. Rankability quantified the between-hospital variation, representing unexplained differences that might be the result of the level of quality of care, as low (<50%), moderate (50%-75%), or high (>75%). RESULTS: All of the indicators showed between-hospital variation with wide (interquartile) ranges. Case-mix adjustment reduced variation in indicators 1 and 3 to 5. Random variation adjustment (further) reduced the variation for all indicators. Case-mix and random variation adjustments influenced the indicator-scores of individual hospitals and their ranking. Rankability was poor for indicator 1, 2, and 5, and moderate for 3, 4, and 6. CONCLUSIONS: The 6 indicators lacked validity and/or reliability to a certain extent. Although measuring quality indicators may stimulate quality improvement in general, comparisons and judgments of individual hospital performance should be made with caution if based on indicators that have not been tested or adjusted for validity and reliability, especially in benchmarking.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Hospitais/normas , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/normas , Benchmarking , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Melhoria de Qualidade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
9.
Value Health ; 23(9): 1200-1209, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32940238

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To improve quality in breast cancer care, large numbers of quality indicators are collected per hospital, but benchmarking remains complex. We aimed to assess the validity of indicators, develop a textbook outcome summary measure, and compare case-mix adjusted hospital performance. METHODS: From a nationwide population-based registry, all 79 690 nonmetastatic breast cancer patients surgically treated between 2011 and 2016 in 91 hospitals in The Netherlands were included. Twenty-one indicators were calculated and their construct validity tested by Spearman's rho. Between-hospital variation was expressed by interquartile range (IQR), and all valid indicators were included in the summary measure. Standardized scores (observed/expected based on case mix) were calculated as above (>100) or below (<100) expected. The textbook outcome was presented as a continuous and all-or-none score. RESULTS: The size of between-hospital variation varied between indicators. Sixteen (76%) of 21 quality indicators showed construct validity, and 13 were included in the summary measure after excluding redundant indicators that showed collinearity with others owing to strong construct validity. The median all-or-none textbook outcome score was 49% (IQR 42%-54%) before and 49% (IQR 48%-51%) after case-mix adjustment. From the total of 91 hospitals, 3 hospitals were positive (3%) and 9 (10%) were negative outliers. CONCLUSIONS: The textbook outcome summary measure showed discriminative ability when hospital performance was presented as an all-or-none score. Although indicator scores and outlier hospitals should always be interpreted cautiously, the summary measure presented here has the potential to improve Dutch breast cancer quality indicator efforts and could be implemented to further test its validity, feasibility, and usefulness.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/normas , Benchmarking , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Hospitais/normas , Humanos , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Medição de Risco
11.
Breast Cancer Res ; 22(1): 97, 2020 09 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912274

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elacestrant is an oral selective estrogen receptor (ER) degrader. This phase 1b open-label, non-randomized study (RAD1901-106) was initiated to determine the effect of elacestrant on the availability of ER in lesions from postmenopausal women with ER+ advanced breast cancer (ABC) using 16α-18F-fluoro-17ß-estradiol positron emission tomography with low-dose computed tomography (FES-PET/CT). METHODS: Eligible patients were postmenopausal women with ER+, HER2- ABC; tumor progression after ≥ 6 months of 1-3 lines of endocrine treatment for ABC; and measurable or evaluable disease. Two 8-patient cohorts were enrolled: one treated with 400 mg elacestrant once daily (QD) and one treated with 200 mg elacestrant QD with dose escalation to 400 mg QD after 14 days. Elacestrant was dosed continuously until progressive disease, toxicity, or withdrawal. FES-PET/CT was performed pre-dose at baseline and 4 h post-dose on day 14. The primary endpoint was the percentage difference in FES uptake in tumor lesions (maximum 20) after 14 days of treatment compared to baseline. Overall response was investigator-assessed by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] version 1.1. RESULTS: Patients (n = 16; median age, 53.5 years) had ABC with a median 2.5 prior lines of endocrine therapy. Median reduction in tumor FES uptake from baseline to day 14 was 89.1% (Q1, Q3: 75.1%, 94.1%) and was similar in both cohorts (89.1% [Q1, Q3: 67.4%, 94.2%], 200/400 mg and 88.7% [Q1, Q3: 79.5%, 94.1%], 400 mg). Residual ER availability (> 25% persistence in FES uptake) on day 14 was observed in 3 patients receiving 200/400 mg (3/78, 37.5%) and 1 patient receiving 400 mg (1/8, 12.5%). The overall response rate (ORR) was 11.1% (1 partial response), and clinical benefit rate (CBR) was 30.8%. Median percentage change in FES uptake did not correlate with ORR or CBR. Adverse events occurring in > 20% of the patients were nausea (68.8%), fatigue (50.0%), dyspepsia (43.8%), vomiting (37.5%), and decreased appetite, dysphagia, and hot flush (31.3% each). Most events were grade 2 in severity. CONCLUSION: Elacestrant 200 mg and 400 mg QD greatly reduced ER availability measured by FES-PET/CT. In a heavily pretreated population, elacestrant was associated with antitumor activity. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02650817 . Registered on 08 January 2016.

12.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 184(1): 107-113, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32803636

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many cancer patients use additional herbs or supplements in combination with their anti-cancer therapy. Green tea-active ingredient epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG)-is one of the most commonly used dietary supplements among breast cancer patients. EGCG may alter the metabolism of tamoxifen. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of green tea supplements on the pharmacokinetics of endoxifen; the most relevant active metabolite of tamoxifen. METHODS: In this single-center, randomized cross-over trial, effects of green tea capsules on endoxifen levels were evaluated. Patients treated with tamoxifen for at least 3 months were eligible for this study. After inclusion, patients were consecutively treated with tamoxifen monotherapy for 28 days and in combination with green tea supplements (1 g twice daily; containing 300 mg EGCG) for 14 days (or vice versa). Blood samples were collected on the last day of monotherapy or combination therapy. Area under the curve (AUC0-24h), maximum concentration (Cmax) and minimum concentration (Ctrough) were obtained from individual plasma concentration-time curves. RESULTS: No difference was found in geometric mean endoxifen AUC0-24h in the period with green tea versus tamoxifen monotherapy (- 0.4%; 95% CI - 8.6 to 8.5%; p = 0.92). Furthermore, no differences in Cmax (- 2.8%; - 10.6 to 5.6%; p = 0.47) nor Ctrough (1.2%; - 7.3 to 10.5%; p = 0.77) were found. Moreover, no severe toxicity was reported during the whole study period. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated the absence of a pharmacokinetic interaction between green tea supplements and tamoxifen. Therefore, the use of green tea by patients with tamoxifen does not have to be discouraged.

13.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 183(2): 355-363, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32627108

RESUMO

PURPOSE: EUSOMA's recommendation that "each patient has to be fully informed about each step in the diagnostic and therapeutic pathway" could be supported by guideline-based clinical decision trees (CDTs). The Dutch breast cancer guideline has been modeled into CDTs ( www.oncoguide.nl ). Prerequisites for adequate CDT usage are availability of necessary patient data at the time of decision-making and to consider all possible treatment alternatives provided in the CDT. METHODS: This retrospective single-center study evaluated 394 randomly selected female patients with non-metastatic breast cancer between 2012 and 2015. Four pivotal CDTs were selected. Two researchers analyzed patient records to determine to which degree patient data required per CDT were available at the time of multidisciplinary team (MDT) meeting and how often multiple alternatives were actually reported. RESULTS: The four selected CDTs were indication for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan, preoperative and adjuvant systemic treatment, and immediate breast reconstruction. For 70%, 13%, 97% and 13% of patients, respectively, all necessary data were available. The two most frequent underreported data-items were "clinical M-stage" (87%) and "assessable mammography" (28%). Treatment alternatives were reported by MDTs in 32% of patients regarding primary treatment and in 28% regarding breast reconstruction. CONCLUSION: Both the availability of data in patient records essential for guideline-based recommendations and the reporting of possible treatment alternatives of the investigated CDTs were low. To meet EUSOMA's requirements, information that is supposed to be implicitly known must be explicated by MDTs. Moreover, MDTs have to adhere to clear definitions of data-items in their reporting.

14.
Breast ; 52: 102-109, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32497987

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hormone replacement therapy can diminish hormone depletion-related complaints in postmenopausal women, but is contraindicated for postmenopausal breast cancer (BC) patients. Recovery of menstruation after chemotherapy-induced amenorrhea in young hormone receptor-negative BC patients however, is accepted. To determine the safety of this strategy, we investigated the effect of recovery of menstruation on disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in young hormone receptor-negative BC patients treated with (neo)adjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: We selected 636 patients from a single-center cohort with early stage hormone receptor-negative BC and under the age of 50 years when treated with chemotherapy. Sufficient data on course of menstruation in medical records was retrospectively found for 397 patients, of whom 299 patients (75%) had a recovery of menstruation after chemotherapy. We used Cox proportional hazards models to estimate hazard ratios (HR) for the effect of recovery of menstruation on DFS and OS. RESULTS: Patients with recovery of menstruation after chemotherapy less frequently had lymph node involvement at diagnosis (45% vs 66%, p = 0.001). After a median follow-up of 6.7 years, the adjusted hazard ratios were 1.45 (95% CI: 0.83-2.54) for DFS and 1.19 (95% CI: 0.71-1.98) for OS. CONCLUSION: No significantly increased recurrence risk was found for hormone receptor-negative BC patients with recovery of menstruation after chemotherapy. However, the outcome of the multivariable model is not reassuring and a potentially increased recurrence risk cannot be excluded. The results need to be validated in a larger prospective study for a more definitive answer.

15.
Breast ; 52: 33-44, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32361151

RESUMO

Trastuzumab prolongs progression-free and overall survival in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) positive breast cancer. However, trastuzumab treatment is hampered by cardiotoxicity, defined as a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) decline with a reported incidence ranging from 3 to 27% depending on variable factors. Early identification of patients at increased risk of trastuzumab-induced myocardial damage is of great importance to prevent deterioration to irreversible cardiotoxicity. Although current cardiac monitoring with multi gated acquisition (MUGA) scanning and/or conventional 2D-echocardiography (2DE) have a high availability, their reproducibility are modest, and more sensitive and reliable techniques are needed such as 3D-echocardiography (3DE) and speckle tracking echocardiography (STE). But which other diagnostic imaging modalities are available for patients before and during trastuzumab treatment? In addition, what is the optimal frequency and duration of cardiac monitoring? At last, which biomarker monitoring strategies are currently available for the identification of cardiotoxicity in patients treated with trastuzumab?

16.
Breast ; 52: 71-77, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32447129

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate resource use and time investments of healthcare professionals, patients and their family and to compare healthcare and societal costs of one single hospital-based and one single home-based subcutaneous administration of trastuzumab in The Netherlands. METHOD: We conducted a bottom-up micro-costing study. Patients diagnosed with HER2+ early or metastatic breast cancer were recruited in four Dutch hospitals. For healthcare costs, data were collected on drug use, consumables, use of healthcare facilities, time of healthcare professionals, and travelling distance of the nurse. For societal costs, data were collected on patient and family costs (including travelling expenses and time of informal caregivers) and productivity losses of paid and unpaid work. RESULTS: Societal costs of one single administration of SC trastuzumab were €1753 within the home-based and €1724 within the hospital-based setting. Drug costs of trastuzumab were identical in both settings (€1651). Healthcare costs were higher for home-based administration (€91 versus €47) mainly because of more time of healthcare professionals (110 versus 38 minutes). Costs for patient and family were, however, lower for home-based administration due to travelling expenses (€7 versus €0) and time of informal caregivers (€14 versus €4). Costs for productivity losses were similar for both settings. CONCLUSIONS: Home-based subcutaneous administration of trastuzumab is more time consuming for healthcare professionals and therefore more costly than hospital-based administration. The total budget impact can be large considering that a large number of patients receive a large number of cycles of oncology treatments. If home-based administration is the way forward, novel approaches are crucial for ensuring efficiency of home-based care.

17.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 181(2): 423-434, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32279280

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Three tools are currently available to predict the risk of contralateral breast cancer (CBC). We aimed to compare the performance of the Manchester formula, CBCrisk, and PredictCBC in patients with invasive breast cancer (BC). METHODS: We analyzed data of 132,756 patients (4682 CBC) from 20 international studies with a median follow-up of 8.8 years. Prediction performance included discrimination, quantified as a time-dependent Area-Under-the-Curve (AUC) at 5 and 10 years after diagnosis of primary BC, and calibration, quantified as the expected-observed (E/O) ratio at 5 and 10 years and the calibration slope. RESULTS: The AUC at 10 years was: 0.58 (95% confidence intervals [CI] 0.57-0.59) for CBCrisk; 0.60 (95% CI 0.59-0.61) for the Manchester formula; 0.63 (95% CI 0.59-0.66) and 0.59 (95% CI 0.56-0.62) for PredictCBC-1A (for settings where BRCA1/2 mutation status is available) and PredictCBC-1B (for the general population), respectively. The E/O at 10 years: 0.82 (95% CI 0.51-1.32) for CBCrisk; 1.53 (95% CI 0.63-3.73) for the Manchester formula; 1.28 (95% CI 0.63-2.58) for PredictCBC-1A and 1.35 (95% CI 0.65-2.77) for PredictCBC-1B. The calibration slope was 1.26 (95% CI 1.01-1.50) for CBCrisk; 0.90 (95% CI 0.79-1.02) for PredictCBC-1A; 0.81 (95% CI 0.63-0.99) for PredictCBC-1B, and 0.39 (95% CI 0.34-0.43) for the Manchester formula. CONCLUSIONS: Current CBC risk prediction tools provide only moderate discrimination and the Manchester formula was poorly calibrated. Better predictors and re-calibration are needed to improve CBC prediction and to identify low- and high-CBC risk patients for clinical decision-making.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/patologia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Agências Internacionais , Mastectomia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/metabolismo , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco
18.
JAMA Oncol ; 6(4): 528-534, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31999296

RESUMO

Importance: Trials of adjuvant high-dose chemotherapy (HDCT) have failed to show a survival benefit in unselected patients with breast cancer, but long-term follow-up is lacking. Objective: To determine 20-year efficacy and safety outcomes of a large trial of adjuvant HDCT vs conventional-dose chemotherapy (CDCT) for patients with stage III breast cancer. Design, Setting, and Participants: This secondary analysis used data from a randomized phase 3 multicenter clinical trial of 885 women younger than 56 years with breast cancer and 4 or more involved axillary lymph nodes conducted from August 1, 1993, to July 31, 1999. Additional follow-up data were collected between June 1, 2016, and December 31, 2017, from medical records, general practitioners, the Dutch national statistical office, and nationwide cancer registries. Analysis was performed on an intention-to-treat basis. Statistical analysis was performed from February 1, 2018, to October 14, 2019. Interventions: Participants were randomized 1:1 to receive 5 cycles of CDCT consisting of fluorouracil, 500 mg/m2, epirubicin, 90 mg/m2, and cyclophosphamide, 500 mg/m2, or HDCT in which the first 4 cycles were identical to CDCT and the fifth cycle was replaced by cyclophosphamide, 6000 mg/m2, thiotepa, 480 mg/m2, and carboplatin, 1600 mg/m2, followed by hematopoietic stem cell transplant. Main Outcomes and Measures: Main end points were overall survival and safety and cumulative incidence risk of a second malignant neoplasm or cardiovascular events. Results: Of the 885 women in the study (mean [SD] age, 44.5 [6.6] years), 442 were randomized to receive HDCT, and 443 were randomized to receive CDCT. With 20.4 years median follow-up (interquartile range, 19.2-22.0 years), the 20-year overall survival was 45.3% with HDCT and 41.5% with CDCT (hazard ratio, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.75-1.06). The absolute improvement in 20-year overall survival was 14.6% (hazard ratio, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.54-0.95) for patients with 10 or more invoved axillary lymph nodes and 15.4% (hazard ratio, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.42-1.05) for patients with triple-negative breast cancer. The cumulative incidence risk of a second malignant neoplasm at 20 years or major cardiovascular events was similar in both treatment groups (20-year cumulative incidence risk for second malignant neoplasm was 12.1% in the HDCT group vs 16.2% in the CDCT group, P = .10), although patients in the HDCT group more often had hypertension (21.7% vs 14.3%, P = .02), hypercholesterolemia (15.7% vs 10.6%, P = .04), and dysrhythmias (8.6% vs 4.6%, P = .005). Conclusions and Relevance: High-dose chemotherapy provided no long-term survival benefit in unselected patients with stage III breast cancer but did provide improved overall survival in very high-risk patients (ie, with ≥10 involved axillary lymph nodes). High-dose chemotherapy did not affect long-term risk of a second malignant neoplasm or major cardiovascular events. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03087409.

19.
Invest New Drugs ; 38(4): 1096-1107, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637669

RESUMO

Background In the first part of this extensive phase I study (NCT00516724), continuous olaparib twice daily (bid) with carboplatin and/or paclitaxel resulted in myelosuppression and dose modifications. Here, we report the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of intermittent olaparib dosing combined with carboplatin and paclitaxel. Methods Patients with advanced solid tumors (part D) and enriched for ovarian and breast cancer (part E) received olaparib (capsule and tablet formulations) using intermittent schedules (2 to 10 days of a 21-day cycle) combined with carboplatin/paclitaxel. Safety assessments included evaluation of dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs; cycle 1 only), adverse events (AEs), and physical examinations. Pharmacokinetic assessments of olaparib capsule and tablet combined with carboplatin/paclitaxel were performed. Tumor responses (RECIST) were assessed every 2 cycles. Results In total, 132 heavily pre-treated patients were included. One DLT of grade 3 elevated alanine aminotransferase lasting for 8 days was reported (olaparib tablet 100 mg bid days 3-12, carboplatin area under the curve 4 and paclitaxel 175 mg/m2). The most common hematological AEs were neutropenia (47%) and thrombocytopenia (39%), which frequently led to dose modifications. Non-hematological AEs were predominantly grade 1-2, including alopecia (89%) and fatigue (84%). Overall objective response rate was 46%. Conclusions Discontinuous dosing of olaparib resulted in significant myelosuppression leading to dose interruptions and/or delays. Anti-tumor activity was encouraging in patients enriched with BRCA-mutated breast and ovarian cancer. The most appropriate olaparib tablet dose for use in further studies evaluating olaparib in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel is 50 mg bid (days 1-5).

20.
Mol Oncol ; 14(3): 490-503, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31841262

RESUMO

We determined whether progression-free survival (PFS) in metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients receiving everolimus plus exemestane (EVE/EXE) varies depending on circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) characteristics. Baseline plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) from 164 postmenopausal women with ER-positive, HER2-negative MBC refractory to a nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitor and treated with standard EVE/EXE (Everolimus Biomarker Study, Eudract 2013-004120-11) was characterised for 10 relevant breast cancer genes by next-generation sequencing with molecular barcoding. ctDNA molecule numbers, number of mutations and specific variants were related with PFS and overall survival (OS). Missense hotspot mutations in cfDNA were detected in 125 patients. The median of 54 ctDNA molecules per mL plasma distinguished patients with high and low/no ctDNA load. Patients with low/no ctDNA load (N = 102) showed longer median PFS of 5.7 months (P = 0.006) and OS of 124.8 months (P = 0.008) than patients with high ctDNA load (N = 62; 4.4 months and 107.7 months, respectively) in multivariate analyses. Patients with < 3 specific mutations (N = 135) had longer median PFS of 5.4 months compared to those with ≥ 3 mutations (3.4 months; P < 0.001). In conclusion, MBC patients with low/no ctDNA load or < 3 hotspot mutations experience longer PFS while treated with EVE/EXE.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA