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1.
Am J Hum Genet ; 105(4): 706-718, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564435

RESUMO

Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is widely used to diagnose diabetes and assess glycemic control in individuals with diabetes. However, nonglycemic determinants, including genetic variation, may influence how accurately HbA1c reflects underlying glycemia. Analyzing the NHLBI Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) sequence data in 10,338 individuals from five studies and four ancestries (6,158 Europeans, 3,123 African-Americans, 650 Hispanics, and 407 East Asians), we confirmed five regions associated with HbA1c (GCK in Europeans and African-Americans, HK1 in Europeans and Hispanics, FN3K and/or FN3KRP in Europeans, and G6PD in African-Americans and Hispanics) and we identified an African-ancestry-specific low-frequency variant (rs1039215 in HBG2 and HBE1, minor allele frequency (MAF) = 0.03). The most associated G6PD variant (rs1050828-T, p.Val98Met, MAF = 12% in African-Americans, MAF = 2% in Hispanics) lowered HbA1c (-0.88% in hemizygous males, -0.34% in heterozygous females) and explained 23% of HbA1c variance in African-Americans and 4% in Hispanics. Additionally, we identified a rare distinct G6PD coding variant (rs76723693, p.Leu353Pro, MAF = 0.5%; -0.98% in hemizygous males, -0.46% in heterozygous females) and detected significant association with HbA1c when aggregating rare missense variants in G6PD. We observed similar magnitude and direction of effects for rs1039215 (HBG2) and rs76723693 (G6PD) in the two largest TOPMed African American cohorts, and we replicated the rs76723693 association in the UK Biobank African-ancestry participants. These variants in G6PD and HBG2 were monomorphic in the European and Asian samples. African or Hispanic ancestry individuals carrying G6PD variants may be underdiagnosed for diabetes when screened with HbA1c. Thus, assessment of these variants should be considered for incorporation into precision medicine approaches for diabetes diagnosis.

2.
Mol Plant Pathol ; 20(11): 1506-1522, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603276

RESUMO

Pea powdery mildew (PM) is an important fungal disease caused by an obligate biotroph, Erysiphe pisi (Ep), which significantly impacts pea production worldwide. The phytopathogen secretes a plethora of effectors, primarily through specialized infection structures termed haustoria, to establish a dynamic relationship with its host. To identify Ep effector candidates, a cDNA library of enriched haustoria from Ep-infected pea leaves was sequenced. The Ep transcriptome encodes 622 Ep candidate secreted proteins (CSPs), of which 167 were predicted to be candidate secreted effector proteins (CSEPs). Phylogenetic analysis indicates that Ep CSEPs are highly diverse, but, unlike cereal PM CSEPs, exhibit extensive sequence similarity with effectors from other PMs. Quantitative real-time PCR of a subset of EpCSEP/CSPs revealed that the majority are preferentially expressed in haustoria and exhibit infection stage-specific expression patterns. The functional roles of EpCSEP001, EpCSEP009 and EpCSP083 were probed by host-induced gene silencing (HIGS) via a double-stranded (ds) RNA-mediated RNAi approach. Foliar application of individual EpCSEP/CSP dsRNAs resulted in a marked reduction in PM disease symptoms. These findings were consistent with microscopic and molecular studies, suggesting that these Ep CSEP/CSPs play important roles in pea PM pathogenesis. Homology modelling revealed that EpCSEP001 and EpCSEP009 are analogous to fungal ribonucleases and belong to the RALPH family of effectors. This is the first study to identify and functionally validate candidate effectors from the agriculturally relevant pea PM, and highlights the utility of transcriptomics and HIGS to elucidate the key proteins associated with Ep pathogenesis.

3.
Pediatr Pulmonol ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665830

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In cystic fibrosis (CF), the spectrum and frequency of CFTR variants differ by geography and race/ethnicity. CFTR variants in White patients are well-described compared with Latino patients. No studies of CFTR variants have been done in patients with CF in the Dominican Republic or Puerto Rico. METHODS: CFTR was sequenced in 61 Dominican Republican patients and 21 Puerto Rican patients with CF and greater than ​​​​60 mmol/L sweat chloride. The spectrum of CFTR variants was identified and the proportion of patients with 0, 1, or 2 CFTR variants identified was determined. The functional effects of identified CFTR variants were investigated using clinical annotation databases and computational prediction tools. RESULTS: Our study found 10% of Dominican patients had two CFTR variants identified compared with 81% of Puerto Rican patients. No CFTR variants were identified in 69% of Dominican patients and 10% of Puerto Rican patients. In Dominican patients, there were 19 identified CFTR variants, accounting for 25 out of 122 disease alleles (20%). In Puerto Rican patients, there were 16 identified CFTR variants, accounting for 36 out of 42 disease alleles (86%) in Puerto Rican patients. Thirty CFTR variants were identified overall. The most frequent variants for Dominican patients were p.Phe508del and p.Ala559Thr and for Puerto Rican patients were p.Phe508del, p.Arg1066Cys, p.Arg334Trp, and p.I507del. CONCLUSIONS: In this first description of the CFTR variants in patients with CF from the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico, there was a low detection rate of two CFTR variants after full sequencing with the majority of patients from the Dominican Republic without identified variants.

4.
J Mol Biol ; 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626802

RESUMO

Fidelity of RNA synthesis is essential for the faithful transfer of information from DNA to RNA. A comprehensive analysis of the nucleotide selectivity by the mitochondrial RNA polymerase (RNAP) RpoTm, from Arabidopsis thaliana, has been carried out. The kinetic parameters for the incorporation of cognate, non-cognate and oxidized bases have been determined. The results establish high fidelity of mitochondrial transcription resembling those of replicative polymerases in the absence of repair. In addition, RpoTm incorporates oxidized nucleotides with similar efficiency compared to mismatches and is capable of extending the RNA beyond the insertion of the oxidized base. Further, lesion bypass study on RpoTm demonstrates that the enzyme bypasses 8-oxo-guanine by insertion of adenine leading to C to A mutations in RNA. Homology modeling of RpoTm elongation complex allows delineation of the residues necessary for stabilizing the incoming NTP substrate and for posing the template nucleotide residue. Substitution of these residues leads to compromise in the activity of the enzyme corroborating their importance in RNA synthesis. Comparison of the data with T7 RNA polymerases indicates that low efficiency of misincorporation is a universal strategy employed by single subunit RNAP for maintaining high fidelity in the absence of proofreading and repair activity in mitochondria.

5.
J Mol Biol ; 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628946

RESUMO

Methylation of genomic DNA can influence the transcription profile of an organism and may generate phenotypic diversity for rapid adaptation in a dynamic environment. M.HpyAXI is a type III DNA methyltransferase present in Helicobacter pylori and is upregulated at low pH. This enzyme may alter the expression of critical genes to ensure the survival of this pathogen at low pH inside the human stomach. M.HpyAXI methylates the adenine in the target sequence (5'-GCAG-3') and shows maximal activity at pH 5.5. Type III DNA methyltransferases are found to form an inverted dimer in the functional form. We observe that M.HpyAXI forms a non-functional dimer at pH 8.0 that is incapable of DNA binding and methylation activity. However, at pH 5.5, two such dimers associate to form a tetramer that now includes two functional dimers that can bind and methylate the target DNA sequence. Overall, we observe that the pH-dependent tetramerization of M.HpyAXI ensures that the enzyme is licensed to act only in the presence of acid stress.

6.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 11410, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31388106

RESUMO

Lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) burden differs by race/ethnicity. Although familial aggregation and heritability studies suggest a genetic basis, little is known about the genetic susceptibility to PAD, especially in non-European descent populations. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of the ankle brachial index (ABI) and PAD (defined as an ABI < 0.90) have not been conducted in Hispanics/Latinos. We performed a GWAS of PAD and the ABI in 7,589 participants aged >45 years from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). We also performed GWAS for ABI stratified by Hispanic/Latino ethnic subgroups: Central American, Mexican, and South American (Mainland group), and Cuban, Dominican, and Puerto Rican (Caribbean group). We detected two genome-wide significant associations for the ABI in COMMD10 in Puerto Ricans, and at SYBU in the Caribbean group. The lead SNP rs4466200 in the COMMD10 gene had a replication p = 0.02 for the ABI in Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) African Americans, but it did not replicate in African Americans from the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS). In a regional look-up, a nearby SNP rs12520838 had Bonferroni adjusted p = 0.05 (unadjusted p = 7.5 × 10-5) for PAD in MESA Hispanics. Among three suggestive associations (p < 10-7) in subgroup-specific analyses, DMD on chromosome X, identified in Central Americans, replicated in MESA Hispanics (p = 2.2 × 10-4). None of the previously reported ABI and PAD associations in whites generalized to Hispanics/Latinos.

7.
ACS Chem Biol ; 14(7): 1515-1527, 2019 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31268665

RESUMO

Members of the AAA+ (ATPase associated with various cellular activities) family of ATPases couple chemical energy derived from ATP hydrolysis for generation of mechanical force, resulting in conformational changes. The hydrolysis is brought about by highly conserved domains and motifs. The sensor I motif is critical for sensing and hydrolysis of the nucleotide. Pseudomonas aeruginosa FleQ is an ATPase that is a positive regulator of flagellar gene expression. We have determined the crystal structures of the ATPase domain of wild-type FleQ and sensor I mutants H287N and H287A in complex with ATPγS and Mg2+ to 2.4, 1.95, and 2.25 Šresolution, respectively. The structural data highlight the role of sensor I in regulating the ATPase activity. The in vitro and in vivo data demonstrate that the moderate ATPase activity of FleQ due to the presence of histidine in sensor I is essential for maintaining the monotrichous phenotype and for the rapid motility to biofilm transition.

8.
Adv Mater ; 31(36): e1901091, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31259439

RESUMO

A key feature of the topological surface state under a magnetic field is the presence of the zeroth Landau level at the zero energy. Nonetheless, it is challenging to probe the zeroth Landau level due to large electron-hole puddles smearing its energy landscape. Here, by developing ultra-low-carrier density topological insulator Sb2 Te3 films, an extreme quantum limit of the topological surface state is reached and a hidden phase at the zeroth Landau level is uncovered. First, an unexpected quantum-Hall-to-insulator-transition near the zeroth Landau level is discovered. Then, through a detailed scaling analysis, it is found that this quantum-Hall-to-insulator-transition belongs to a new universality class, implying that the insulating phase discovered here has a fundamentally different origin from those in nontopological systems.

9.
Diabetes Care ; 42(9): 1784-1791, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31213470

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)-associated genetic variants and examine their implications for glycemic status evaluated by HbA1c in U.S. Hispanics/Latinos with diverse genetic ancestries. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of HbA1c in 9,636 U.S. Hispanics/Latinos without diabetes from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos, followed by a replication among 4,729 U.S. Hispanics/Latinos from three independent studies. RESULTS: Our GWAS and replication analyses showed 10 previously known and novel loci associated with HbA1c at genome-wide significance levels (P < 5.0 × 10-8). In particular, two African ancestry-specific variants, HBB-rs334 and G6PD-rs1050828, which are causal mutations for sickle cell disease and G6PD deficiency, respectively, had ∼10 times larger effect sizes on HbA1c levels (ß = -0.31% [-3.4 mmol/mol]) and -0.35% [-3.8 mmol/mol] per minor allele, respectively) compared with other HbA1c-associated variants (0.03-0.04% [0.3-0.4 mmol/mol] per allele). A novel Amerindian ancestry-specific variant, HBM-rs145546625, was associated with HbA1c and hematologic traits but not with fasting glucose. The prevalence of hyperglycemia (prediabetes and diabetes) defined using fasting glucose or oral glucose tolerance test 2-h glucose was similar between carriers of HBB-rs334 or G6PD-rs1050828 HbA1c-lowering alleles and noncarriers, whereas the prevalence of hyperglycemia defined using HbA1c was significantly lower in carriers than in noncarriers (12.2% vs. 28.4%, P < 0.001). After recalibration of the HbA1c level taking HBB-rs334 and G6PD-rs1050828 into account, the prevalence of hyperglycemia in carriers was similar to noncarriers (31.3% vs. 28.4%, P = 0.28). CONCLUSIONS: This study in U.S. Hispanics/Latinos found several ancestry-specific alleles associated with HbA1c through erythrocyte-related rather than glycemic-related pathways. The potential influences of these nonglycemic-related variants need to be considered when the HbA1c test is performed.

10.
Nano Lett ; 19(7): 4567-4573, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31185718

RESUMO

Quantum anomalous Hall effect (QAHE) can only be realized at extremely low temperatures in magnetically doped topological insulators (TIs) due to limitations inherent with the doping process. In an effort to boost the quantization temperature of QAHE, the magnetic proximity effect in magnetic insulator/TI heterostructures has been extensively investigated. However, the observed anomalous Hall resistance has never been more than several ohms, presumably owing to the interfacial disorders caused by the structural and chemical mismatch. Here, we show that, by growing (BixSb1-x)2Te3 (BST) thin films on structurally and chemically well-matched, ferromagnetic-insulating CrGeTe3 (CGT) substrates, the proximity-induced anomalous Hall resistance can be enhanced by more than an order of magnitude. This sheds light on the importance of structural and chemical matches for magnetic insulator/TI proximity systems.

11.
Biochem J ; 476(3): 433-447, 2019 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30723137

RESUMO

The immune system is capable of making antibodies against anything that is foreign, yet it does not react against components of self. In that sense, a fundamental requirement of the body's immune defense is specificity. Remarkably, this ability to specifically attack foreign antigens is directed even against antigens that have not been encountered a priori by the immune system. The specificity of an antibody for the foreign antigen evolves through an iterative process of somatic mutations followed by selection. There is, however, accumulating evidence that the antibodies are often functionally promiscuous or multi-specific which can lead to their binding to more than one antigen. An important cause of antibody cross-reactivity is molecular mimicry. Molecular mimicry has been implicated in the generation of autoimmune response. When foreign antigen shares similarity with the component of self, the antibodies generated could result in an autoimmune response. The focus of this review is to capture the contrast between specificity and promiscuity and the structural mechanisms employed by the antibodies to accomplish promiscuity, at the molecular level. The conundrum between the specificity of the immune system for foreign antigens on the one hand and the multi-reactivity of the antibody on the other has been addressed. Antibody specificity in the context of the rapid evolution of the antigenic determinants and molecular mimicry displayed by antigens are also discussed.


Assuntos
Anticorpos/imunologia , Especificidade de Anticorpos/imunologia , Doenças Autoimunes/imunologia , Mimetismo Molecular/imunologia , Animais , Reações Cruzadas , Humanos
12.
Bioresour Technol ; 2018 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30503579

RESUMO

In this study, Chlorella vulgaris NIOCCV was cultivated in seafood processing industry wastewater with continuous supply of 5%, 10%, and 20% CO2. The optimum CO2 fixation efficiency ( [Formula: see text] ), biomass productivity, specific growth rate (SGR), and lipid content recorded were 0.43 mg L-1 d-1, 264.58 ±â€¯8.8 mg L-1 d-1, 0.46 d-1, and 38 ±â€¯2.6% on dry weight basis, respectively at CO2 supply of 10%. The fatty acid methyl ester-derived biodiesel properties determined at same condition were in compliance with national and international fuel standards. The higher calorific value (HHV) of the resultant biomass was 11.14, 16.41 and 12.83 MJ Kg-1 for CO2 enrichment of 5%, 10%, and 20%, respectively. The synergistic environmental benefit of nutrients removal from wastewater is shown as an additional advantage of microalgal cultivation. Thus, integration of algae-based CO2 fixation with wastewater treatment and biodiesel production may realize microalgal CO2 capture technology as environmentally sustainable and economically more attractive.

14.
Indian J Nucl Med ; 33(4): 368-369, 2018 Oct-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30386068

RESUMO

Strongyloidiasis is an emerging tropical/subtropical parasitic infection commonly encountered in immunocompromised patients and often accompanied by life-threatening gram-negative bacteremia. We presented an interesting image of a critically ill 66-year-old lady, an asthmatic on high dose steroids, presenting with unexplained fever and vomiting where fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography and endoscopic biopsy revealed this often neglected pathogenic nematode.

15.
Pain ; 2018 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30431558

RESUMO

Painful temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is the leading cause of chronic orofacial pain, but its underlying molecular mechanisms remain obscure. While many environmental factors have been associated with higher risk of developing painful TMD, family and twin studies support a heritable genetic component as well. We performed a GWAS assuming an additive genetic model of TMD in a discovery cohort of 999 cases and 2031 TMD-free controls from the Orofacial Pain: Prospective Evaluation and Risk Assessment (OPPERA) study. Using logistic models adjusted for sex, age, enrollment site, and race, we identified three distinct loci that were significant in combined or sex-segregated analyses. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) on chromosome 3 (rs13078961) was significantly associated with TMD in males only (odds ratio [OR]=2.9, 95% CI: 2.02-4.27, P=2.2x10). This association was nominally replicated in a meta-analysis of seven independent orofacial pain cohorts including 160,194 participants (OR=1.16, 95% CI: 1.0-1.35, P = 2.3x10). Functional analysis in human dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and blood indicated this variant is an expression quantitative trait locus (eQTL), with the minor allele associated with decreased expression of the nearby muscle RAS oncogene homolog (MRAS) gene (beta = -0.51, P = 2.43x10). Male mice, but not female mice, with a null mutation of Mras displayed persistent mechanical allodynia in a model of inflammatory pain. Genetic and behavioral evidence support a novel mechanism by which genetically-determined MRAS expression moderates the resiliency to chronic pain. This effect is male-specific and may contribute to the lower rates of painful TMD in men.Written work prepared by employees of the Federal Government as part of their official duties is, under the U.S. Copyright Act, a "work of the United States Government" for which copyright protection under Title 17 of the United States Code is not available. As such, copyright does not extend to the contributions of employees of the Federal Government.

16.
Hum Mol Genet ; 2018 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30452639

RESUMO

Orofacial clefts are common developmental disorders that pose significant clinical, economic and psychological problems. We conducted genome-wide association analyses for isolated cleft palate (CPO) and cleft lip with or without palate (CL/P) with ~17 million markers in sub- Saharan Africans. After replication and combined analyses, we identified novel loci for CPO at or near genome-wide significance on chromosomes 2 (near CTNNA2) and 19 (near SULT2A1). In situ hybridization of Sult2a1 in mice shows expression of SULT2A1 in mesenchymal cells in palate, palatal rugae and palatal epithelium in the fused palate. The previously-reported 8q24 locus was the most significant for CL/P in our study and we replicated several previously reported loci including PAX7 and VAX1.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30141273

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Orofacial clefts are the most common malformations of the head and neck region. Genetic and environmental factors have been implicated in the etiology of these traits. METHODS: We recently conducted genotyping of individuals from the African population using the multiethnic genotyping array (MEGA) to identify common genetic variation associated with nonsyndromic orofacial clefts. The data cleaning of this dataset allowed for screening of annotated sex versus genetic sex, confirmation of identify by descent and identification of large chromosomal anomalies. RESULTS: We identified the first reported orofacial cleft case associated with paternal uniparental disomy (patUPD) on chromosome 22. We also identified a de novo deletion on chromosome 18. In addition to chromosomal anomalies, we identified cases with molecular karyotypes suggesting Klinefelter syndrome, Turner syndrome and Triple X syndrome. CONCLUSION: Observations from our study support the need for genetic testing when clinically indicated in order to exclude chromosomal anomalies associated with clefting. The identification of these chromosomal anomalies and sex aneuploidies is important in genetic counseling for families that are at risk. Clinicians should share any identified genetic findings and place them in context for the families during routine clinical visits and evaluations.

18.
J Midlife Health ; 9(2): 65-71, 2018 Apr-Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29962804

RESUMO

Background: Leiomyomata causing symptoms have a deleterious effect on the health of women during reproductive age. Mifepristone, a progesterone antagonist was studied for reduction of symptoms in leiomyomata in perimenopausal women. Material and Methods: Mifepristone was adminstered to 7 women aged 47-50 years. Another 3 women less than 47 years were taken up for comparison of benefit of Mifepristone on leiomyomata related symptoms. Mifepristone was given in a stepwise declining dose for a period of 9 months to 1 year . The treatment was begun with 25 mg and the dose was reduced every 3 months. Every 3 months, the size of myomas, bleeding pattern, location of myomas, endometrial thickness, haemoglobin, and any side effects were all recorded. Results: There was considerable amelioration in the symptoms in both premenopausal as well as perimenopausal women, while mifepristone was continued. The reduction in myoma size was found to be statistically significant. After stoppage of drug in women aged 40-45 years, i.e. premenopausal group, the symptoms returned. However, in perimenopausal women, in 6 out of 7 women the symtoms abated completely and they had a smooth transition to menopause. Conclusion: Mifepristone is a very promising drug for conservative management of leiomyomata, especially in perimenopausal age (47years or more), where hysterectomy was averted in all 7 women.

19.
PLoS Genet ; 14(3): e1007293, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29590102

RESUMO

Co-inheritance of α-thalassemia has a significant protective effect on the severity of complications of sickle cell disease (SCD), including stroke. However, little information exists on the association and interactions for the common African ancestral α-thalassemia mutation (-α3.7 deletion) and ß-globin traits (HbS trait [SCT] and HbC trait) on important clinical phenotypes such as red blood cell parameters, anemia, and chronic kidney disease (CKD). In a community-based cohort of 2,916 African Americans from the Jackson Heart Study, we confirmed the expected associations between SCT, HbC trait, and the -α3.7 deletion with lower mean corpuscular volume/mean corpuscular hemoglobin and higher red blood cell count and red cell distribution width. In addition to the recently recognized association of SCT with lower estimated glomerular filtration rate and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), we observed a novel association of the -α3.7 deletion with higher HbA1c levels. Co-inheritance of each additional copy of the -α3.7 deletion significantly lowered the risk of anemia and chronic kidney disease among individuals with SCT (P-interaction = 0.031 and 0.019, respectively). Furthermore, co-inheritance of a novel α-globin regulatory variant was associated with normalization of red cell parameters in individuals with the -α3.7 deletion and significantly negated the protective effect of α-thalassemia on stroke in 1,139 patients with sickle cell anemia from the Cooperative Study of Sickle Cell Disease (CSSCD) (P-interaction = 0.0049). Functional assays determined that rs11865131, located in the major alpha-globin enhancer MCS-R2, was the most likely causal variant. These findings suggest that common α- and ß-globin variants interact to influence hematologic and clinical phenotypes in African Americans, with potential implications for risk-stratification and counseling of individuals with SCD and SCT.


Assuntos
Anemia Falciforme/genética , Hemoglobina Falciforme/genética , Traço Falciforme , alfa-Globinas/genética , Adulto , Afro-Americanos , Anemia Falciforme/sangue , Anemia Falciforme/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Coortes , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Eritrócitos Anormais , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Humanos , Fenótipo , Adulto Jovem , Talassemia alfa/genética
20.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 113: 869-880, 2018 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29524486

RESUMO

Plants are endowed with an innate immune system, which enables them to protect themselves from pest and pathogen. The participation of pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins is one of the most crucial events of inducible plant defense response. Herein, we report the characterization of CaHaPR-4, a Helicoverpa-inducible class II PR-4 protein from chickpea. Bioinformatic analysis of CaHaPR-4 protein indicated the presence of a signal peptide, barwin domain but it lacks the chitin-binding site/hevein domain. The recombinant CaHaPR-4 is bestowed with RNase and bivalent ion-dependent DNase activity. Further, the RNA and DNA binding sites were identified and confirmed by analyzing interactions between mutated CaHaPR-4 with the altered active site and ribonuclease inhibitor, 5'ADP and DNase inhibitor, 2­nitro­5­thiocyanobenzoic acid (NTCB) using 3D modeling and docking studies. Moreover, CaHaPR-4 shows antifungal activity as well as growth inhibiting properties against neonatal podborer larvae. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a PR-4 showing RNase, DNase, antifungal and most importantly insect growth inhibiting properties against Helicoverpa armigera simultaneously.


Assuntos
Domínio Catalítico , Cicer/enzimologia , Simulação por Computador , Desoxirribonucleases/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Ribonucleases/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Desoxirribonucleases/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores Enzimáticos/metabolismo , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Fusarium/efeitos dos fármacos , Lepidópteros/efeitos dos fármacos , Lepidópteros/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Modelos Moleculares , Mutação , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/farmacologia , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Análise de Sequência , Tiocianatos/metabolismo
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